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Planning

steinitz - lasker (ROMANOVSKY) [D35]planning 1 (st.petersburg), 1895

1. d4 d5 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 Nf6 4. Bf4 Be7 5. e3 O-O
6. c5 Ne4 7. Nxe4 dxe4 8. Qc2 f5 9. Bc4 Nc6 10. a3 Bf6 11. O-O-O Kh8
12. f3 Qe7 13. Bg3 f4
14. Qxe4 fxg3 15. hxg3 g6 16. Qxg6 Bd7 17. f4 Rf7 18. g4 Rg7 19. Qh6 Rxg4 20. Bd3 Rg7 21. Nf3 Qf7 22. g4 Rag8 23. g5 Bd8
24. Rh2 Rg6 25. Qh5 R6g7 26. Rdh1 Qxh5 27. Rxh5 Rf8 28. Rxh7+ Rxh7 29. Rxh7+ Kg8 30. Rxd7 Rf7 31. Bc4
1-0

 

steinitz - lasker (ROMANOVSKY) [C65]planning 2 (new york), 1894

1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5 Nf6 4. d3
4... d6 5. c3 Bd7 6. Ba4 g6 7. Nbd2 Bg7 8. Nc4 O-O 9. Ne3 Ne7 10. Bb3 c6
11. h4 Qc7 12. Ng5
12... d5 13. f3 Rad8 14. g4 dxe4
15. fxe4 h6 16. Qf3 Be8 17. Bc2 Nd7 18. Nh3 Nc5 19. Nf2
19... b5 20. g5 h5
21. Nf5 gxf5 22. exf5 f6 23. g6 Nxg6 24. fxg6 Bxg6 25. Rg1
25... e4 26. dxe4 Kh7 27. Rxg6 Kxg6 28. Qf5+ Kf7 29. Qxh5+ Kg8 30. Qxc5 Qe5 31. Be3 a6 32. a4 Rfe8 33. axb5 axb5 34. Qxe5 Rxe5 35. Ra6
35... Rc8 36. Ng4 Re7 37. Bc5 Ree8 38. Ne3 Bf8 39. Bd4 Kf7 40. h5 Be7 41. Bb3+ Kf8 42. Nf5
1-0

 

najdorf - petrosian,zurich [E62]planning: Black adopts formati, planning: Black, 1953

1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 d6 3. Nf3 g6 4. g3 Bg7 5. Bg2 O-O 6. O-O Nc6 7. Nc3 Bg4 8. h3 Bxf3 9. Bxf3 Nd7 10. Bg2 Nxd4 11. Bxb7 Rb8 12. Bg2
Black's next move is a mistake, for it leaves him without a good plan. See Najdorf-Geller 12... c5 13. e3 Ne6 14. Qc2 a5 15. Bd2 Ne5 16. b3 Qd7 17. Kh2 Nc6 18. Rad1 Ned8 19. Be1 Kh8 20. Na4 Qc8 21. Bc3 Bxc3 22. Nxc3 Qf5 23. Qxf5 gxf5 24. Rd5 Ne6 25. Rxf5 Nb4 26. Rh5 Ng7 27. Rh4 Nf5 28. Rf4 e6 29. Rd1 Rb6 30. Na4 Rbb8 31. Be4 Ng7 32. Rxd6 Nxa2 33. Nxc5 1-0

 

Najdorf - Geller (BRONSTEIN) [E62]planning: Black leaves c5 free, planning: Black, 1953

1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 g6 3. g3 Bg7 4. Bg2 O-O 5. Nf3 d6 6. O-O Nc6 7. Nc3 Bg4 8. h3 Bxf3 9. Bxf3 Nd7 10. Bg2 Nxd4 11. Bxb7 Rb8 12. Bg2
(a) Black's plan is to attack down the half-open b-file (BRONSTEIN) (b) White will play b2-b3, and Black will want to harrass with a7-a5-a4 (c) to support a5-a4 Black will need an N on c5, so don't play ...c7-c5 (!) 12... Rb4 13. e3 Ne6 14. Qe2 Ne5 15. f4 Nd7 16. Nd5 Rb8 17. Qc2 c6 18. Nc3 Qc7 19. Rb1 a5 20. Bd2 Nec5 21. Ne2 Qb6 22. Kh2 Rfc8 23. Bc3 Bxc3 24. Nxc3 Qa6 25. b3 Rb6 26. Ne4 Nxe4 27. Qxe4 Re8 28. f5 Ne5 29. f6 Qa7 30. Rbd1 Rb4 31. Qd4 c5 32. Qh4 a4
The culmination of Black's plan 33. Rxd6 axb3 34. axb3 Rxb3 35. fxe7 Qxe7 36. Qxe7 Rxe7 37. Bd5 Rxe3 38. Rd8+ Kg7 39. Rc8 Nd3 40. Ra8 Re2+ 41. Kg1 Rd2 42. Raa1 Nb4 0-1

 

euwe - keres,zurich (BRONSTEIN/K [D72]planning: assessment of positi, planning: asses, 1953

1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 g6 3. g3 Bg7 4. Bg2 d5 5. cxd5 Nxd5 6. e4 Nb6 7. Ne2 c5 8. d5 e6 9. O-O O-O 10. Nec3 exd5 11. exd5 N8d7 12. Ne4 Nf6 13. Nbc3 Nbd7 14. d6 Rb8 15. Bg5 h6 16. Bxf6 Bxf6 17. Nxf6+ Nxf6 18. Re1 Be6 19. Qf3 b5 20. Qf4 Kh7 21. Rad1 Rb6
22. a3 Re8 23. Ne4 Nxe4 24. Rxe4 Qd7 25. Qe5 Rd8 26. Qxc5 Rxd6 1/2

 

karpov - polugaevsky,moscow (KOTOV) [B92]planning: concentration of pie, planning: conce, 1974

1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 d6 3. d4 cxd4 4. Nxd4 Nf6 5. Nc3 a6 6. Be2 e5 7. Nb3 Be7 8. O-O Be6 9. f4 Qc7 10. a4 Nbd7 11. Kh1 O-O 12. Be3 exf4 13. Rxf4 Ne5 14. a5 Nfd7 15. Rf1 Bf6 16. Nd5 Bxd5 17. Qxd5 Qxc2 18. Nd4 Qxb2 19. Rab1 Qc3 20. Nf5 Qc2 21. Rbe1 Nc5 22. Nxd6 Ncd3 23. Bxd3 Nxd3 24. Rd1 Nb4 25. Qxb7 Rab8 26. Qa7 Qc6
27. Rxf3!? was discussed. "Sacrifice? Why? There is a regrouping immediately available that underlines the hopelessness of Black's position" -- KARPOV. 27. Bf4 Ra8 28. Qf2 Rad8 29. Qg3 Qc3 30. Rf3 Qc2 31. Rdf1 Bd4 32. Bh6 Nc6 33. Nf5
It does look pretty hopeless now... 33... Qb2 34. Bc1 Qb5 35. Nh6+ Kh8 36. Nxf7+ Rxf7 37. Rxf7 Bf6 38. Qf2 Kg8 39. Rxf6 gxf6 40. Qxf6 1-0

 

ragozin - boleslavsky,sverdlovsk (SUETIN) [B15]planning: dynamic vs. classica, planning: dynam, 1942

1. e4 c6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 dxe4 4. Nxe4 Nf6 5. Nxf6+ exf6 6. Bc4 Bd6 7. Qe2+ Be7 8. Nf3 O-O 9. O-O
9... Bd6 10. Re1 Bg4 11. Qe4 Bh5 12. Nh4 Nd7 13. Qf5 Nb6 14. Qxh5 Nxc4
15. Bh6 Qd7 [15... gxh6 16. b3 Nb6 17. Nf5 Kh8 18. Qxh6 Rg8 19. Re8] 16. b3 Nb6 17. Nf5 Kh8 18. Re4 Bxh2+ [18... Rg8 19. Bxg7+ Rxg7 20. Nxg7 Kxg7 21. Rg4+ Kf8 22. Re1 winning] [18... g6 19. Bg7+ Kg8 20. Qxh7+ Kxh7 21. Rh4+ Kg8 22. Rh8#] 19. Kh1 1-0

 

botvinnik,m - donner,jh (amsterdam) [A14]planning: knight outpost, 1965

1. c4 Nf6 2. Nf3 e6 3. g3 d5 4. Bg2 Be7 5. O-O O-O 6. b3 b6 7. Bb2 Bb7 8. cxd5 Nxd5 9. d4 c5 10. dxc5 Bxc5 11. Nbd2 Nd7
White's advantage is clear. 22. a4 axb5 23. axb5 Rxa1 24. Rxa1 Ra8 25. Rd1 Ne8 26. Nc4 Nc5 27. e5 Rc8 28. Ra1 Rc7 29. Ra7 Qxa7 30. Nxa7 Rxa7 31. Nxb6 1-0

 

petrosian - fischer,portoroz [A16]planning: manoeuvring, 1958

1. c4 Nf6 2. Nc3 g6 3. g3 Bg7 4. Bg2 O-O 5. Nf3 d6 6. O-O Nc6 7. d3 Nh5 8. d4 [8. Rb1 f5 9. Qc2 a5 10. a3 f4 11. b4 axb4 12. axb4 Bg4 13. e3 e5 14. b5 Ne7 15. Ne4 Qd7 16. Bd2 h6 17. Bc3 g5 18. exf4 gxf4 19. Qe2 Ng6 20. Ra1 Rxa1 21. Bxa1 b6 22. Bc3 Qf5 23. Bd2 Kh8 24. Bc1 Bf6 25. Kh1 Ng7 26. Bb2 Ne6 27. Qc2 Qh5 28. Ned2 Ng5 29. Nxg5 Bxg5 30. Be4 Be2 31. Kg1 f3 32. Re1 Bxd2 33. Rxe2 Bg5 34. Re1 Qh3 35. Bxf3 Rxf3 36. d4 Nf4 37. gxf4 Bxf4 0:1 0-1 Petrosian T- Vasiukov Evgeni (RUS)/2* ()*1956, Moscow ch 0] 8... e5 9. d5 Ne7 10. e4 f5 11. exf5 gxf5 12. Nxe5 Nxg3 13. hxg3 "Petrosian... plays for control of the centre squares." (Fischer). 13... Bxe5 14. f4 Bg7 15. Be3 Bd7 16. Bd4
"Forcing the exchange of Black's most active piece." 16... Ng6 17. Re1 Rf7 [17... Bxd4+ 18. Qxd4 h5 and ...h4 gets rid of the isolated pawn.] 18. Bf3
"Black doesn't get a second chance." 18... Qf8 19. Kf2 Re8 20. Rxe8 Qxe8 21. Bxg7 Rxg7 22. Qd4 b6 23. Rh1 [23. b4 ! Fischer] 23... a5 24. Nd1 Qf8 25. Ne3 [25. Bh5] 25... Rf7 26. b3 Qg7 27. Qxg7+ Kxg7 28. a3 Rf8 29. Be2
"White constantly finds ways to improve his position." 29... Ne7 30. Bd3 h6 31. Rh5 Be8 32. Rh2 Bd7 33. Rh1 Rh8 34. Nc2
"Heading for an even stronger outpost on d4. Each time Petrosian achieved a good position, he managed to manoeuvre into a better one." 34... Kf6 35. Nd4 Kg7 36. Be2
"Feigning an invasion with Bh5, Re1 and Ne6. White has two wings to operate on..." 36... Ng8 "Panicking and giving him the opportunity to sneak in b4 when Black can't react with ...axb4 and ...Ra8. Petrosian likes to play cat-and-mouse, hoping his opponents will go wrong in the absence of a direct threat..they usually do 37. b4 Nf6 38. Bd3 axb4 39. axb4 Kg6 40. Ra1
"White has finally achieved his ideal set-up, but Black's game is still tenable." 40... Ng4+ 41. Ke2 Re8+ 42. Kd2 Nf6 43. Ra6 Rb8 44. Ra7 Rc8 45. c5
"This Pawn sac caught me completely by surprise. It's the only line that gives Black any trouble." 45... bxc5 46. bxc5 dxc5 47. Nf3 Kf7 48. Ne5+ Ke7 49. Nxd7 Nxd7 50. Bxf5 Rf8 51. g4 Kd6 ? 52. Bxd7 Kxd7 53. Ke3 Re8+ 54. Kf3 Kd6 55. Ra6+ Kxd5 56. Rxh6 c4 57. Rh1 [57. Rh7 wins] 57... c3 58. g5 c5 59. Rd1+ Kc4 60. g6 c2 61. Rc1 Kd3 62. f5 Rg8 63. Kf4 Kd2 64. Rxc2+ Kxc2 65. Kg5 c4 66. f6 c3 67. f7 1/2

 

capablanca - ragozin (moscow) (KOTOV) [E22]planning: piece positions (com, planning: piece, 1936

1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 Bb4 4. Qb3 Nc6 5. e3 d5 6. Nf3 O-O 7. a3 dxc4 8. Bxc4 Bd6 9. Bb5 e5 Black inititates some unwarranted complications 10. Bxc6 exd4 11. Nxd4 bxc6 12. Nxc6 This gain of a pawn ultimately decides the game. 12... Qd7 13. Nd4 Qg4 14. O-O Ba6 15. h3 Qh4 16. Nf3 Qh5 17. Re1 Rab8 18. Qa4 Bb7 19. e4 h6 20. Be3
mission accomplished 40... Kd6 41. Rd3 Ke7 42. Rb3 Kd6
the Knight is needed on c3 now to support the advance of the Q-side pawns, so we have a little shuffle 43. Ne2 g6 44. Rd3+ Ke6 45. Kd4 Ra6 46. Re3+ Kd6 47. Nc3 f5 48. b5 Ra8 49. Kc4 Be6+ 50. Kb4 c5+ 51. bxc6 Bg8 52. Nb5+ Kxc6 53. Rd3 g5
A slightly desparate-looking move. The Black pawns fall now and the win becomes straightforward. 54. Rd6+ Kb7 55. fxg5 hxg5 56. Rg6 Rf8 57. Rxg5 f4 58. Nd4 Rc8 59. Rg7+ Kb6 60. Rg6+ Kb7 61. Nb5 Rf8 62. Nd6+ Kb8 63. h4 1-0

 

petrosian - euwe,zurich [A07]planning: planless play in ope, planning: planl, 1953

1. Nf3 Nf6 2. g3 d5 3. Bg2 Bf5 4. d3 e6 5. Nbd2 h6 6. O-O Bc5 7. Qe1 O-O 8. e4
8... dxe4 9. Nxe4 Nxe4 10. dxe4 Bh7
BRONSTEIN: "By move ten, Black should not only have formed a plan, but be sticking to it too" KOTOV: "8. ..Bh7 was better, but while he was exchanging, he should have taken the opportunity to exchange the B" 11. b4 Be7 12. Bb2 Na6 13. a3 c6 14. Rd1 Qc8 15. c4 Nc7 16. Qc3 Bf6 17. Ne5 Rd8 18. Bf3 Ne8 19. Rxd8 Qxd8 20. Rd1 Qc7 21. c5 a5 22. Bg2 axb4 23. axb4 Rd8 24. Rxd8 Qxd8 25. Qc2 Nc7 26. Bf1 Nb5 27. f4 Kf8 28. Kf2 Bxe5 29. Bxe5 f6 30. Bb2 Ke7 31. Bc4
That poor Bishop at last gets of h7, but White's Bishops are already making hay. 31... Bg6 32. Ke3 Bf7 33. g4 Qc7 34. e5 Qd8 35. exf6+ gxf6 36. h4 Nc7 37. Qc3
The critical move. Black has some drawing chances based on the exposed White King and the presence of opposite-colored bishops should the Queens come off. 37... Nd5+ 38. Bxd5 Qxd5 39. Qxf6+ Ke8 40. Qh8+ Kd7 41. Qg7 Ke8 42. Bf6 Qb3+ 43. Bc3 Qd1 44. Qh8+ Kd7 45. Qb8 Qc1+ 46. Bd2 Qg1+ 47. Kd3 Qf1+ 48. Kc2 Qa6 49. h5 Qa2+ 50. Kd3 Qb1+ 51. Ke2 Qe4+ 52. Kf2 Qd4+ 53. Be3 Qxb4 54. Qf8 Qb2+ 55. Kg3 No more checks: White's turn. 55... Qf6 56. Qd6+ Kc8 57. Bd4 Qd8 58. Qxd8+ Kxd8 59. Bg7 Kc7 60. Bxh6 b6 61. cxb6+ Kxb6 62. Kh4 1-0

 

botvinnik - chekhover,ussr [E21]planning: strength of doubled, 1938

1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 Bb4 4. Nf3 O-O 5. Bg5 d6 6. e3 Qe7 7. Be2 e5 8. Qc2 Re8 9. O-O Bxc3 10. bxc3 h6 11. Bh4 c5 12. Rae1 Bg4 13. Bxf6 Qxf6 14. Qe4 Bxf3 15. Bxf3 Nc6 16. dxc5 dxc5 17. Rd1 Rad8 18. Rd5 b6 19. Rfd1 Na5 20. h3
A static assessment might finger the c-pawns as a weakness, but they offer support-points and control other key squares. White in fact is better because he is better centralised. See also Botvinnik-Kann, using the same structure. 20... Rxd5 21. Rxd5 Qe7 22. Bg4 Qb7 23. Bf5 Qb8 24. Rd7 Rd8 25. Qxe5 Nxc4 26. Qxb8 Rxb8 27. Be4 Na3 28. Bd5 Rf8
With the Rook and King tied to the defence of the f-pawn, Black must play the game with only his Knight! 29. e4 a5 30. c4 b5 31. cxb5 Nxb5 32. e5 a4 33. f4 Nd4 34. Kf2 g5 35. g3 gxf4 36. gxf4 Ne6 37. Ke3 c4 38. f5 Nc5 39. Rc7 Nd3
40. e6 fxe6 41. fxe6 1-0

 

pope,m - regis,d (march) [A25]planning: wyvill formation, 1978

1. c4 e5 2. Nc3 Nc6 3. e3 Bb4 4. a3 Bxc3 5. bxc3 d6 6. d4 Nf6
Structurally sound (backward pawn) but brings White's pieces into the game. 24. Rxf4 f6 25. Raf1 Rde8 26. h4 Re5 27. Kf2 [27. g4 Rhe8 28. Re1 c6] 27... Rhe8 28. Kf3 c6 29. Rd1 cxd5 30. Rxd5+ Rxd5 31. exd5 Re1 32. Re4 Ra1 33. Re6 Rxa4 34. Rxb6 Rxc4 35. Rxa6 Rxh4 36. Ra7+ Kd6 37. Rxg7 Kxd5 38. g3 Rh1 39. Kg4 c4 40. Rf7 c3 41. Rc7 Kd4 42. Rd7+ Ke3 43. Rc7 Kd2 44. Rd7+ Kc2 45. Rd6 Rd1 46. Rxf6 Rd4+ 47. Kh3 Kc1 48. Ra6 c2 0-1

 

Lane,PC. - Bartlett,J [E28]doubled c-pawns : Bishops on t, doubled c-pawns, 1995

1. d4 Nf6 2. c4 e6 3. Nc3 Bb4 4. e3 c5 5. a3 Bxc3+ 6. bxc3 O-O 7. Bd3 d6 8. Ne2 e5 9. e4
9... Re8 10. Ng3 Nc6 11. d5 Ne7 [11... Na5 12. Bg5 h6 13. Bxf6 Qxf6 14. Qa4] 12. Bg5 Ng6 13. Nh5 Bg4 14. Nxf6+ gxf6 15. Bxf6 Bxd1 16. Bxd8 Rexd8 17. Rxd1 Nf4 18. Bf1! Kf8 19. g3 Nh5 20. Bh3
White went on to win: the 'bad' Bishop has a fine diagonal and the Knight has no good squares. 1-0

 

Debbage,I - Lane,PC. [C16]doubled c-pawns : Knights on t, doubled c-pawns, 1995

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 Bb4 4. e5 Qd7 5. a3 Bxc3+ 6. bxc3 b6 7. Qg4 f5 8. Qg3 Ba6 9. Bxa6 Nxa6 10. Qd3?! [10. Ne2! Nb8!? 11. Nf4 Nc6! 12. Nxe6!? "Discuss..."] 10... Nb8 [10... Qa4 prevents c4 11. Nf3 Ne7 12. Ng5 Kd7 13. h4 Nb8 14. Rg1 Nbc6 15. g4 Na5 16. Rb1 Nc4 White's King's-side counterplay is not enough: -+ Atkinson-Cooke 1965] 11. Ne2 Nc6 12. O-O Na5 13. Nf4 Nc4 14. Qe2 O-O-O 15. Nd3 h6 16. a4 a5 17. Nb2 Qc6 18. Nxc4 Qxc4 19. Qxc4 dxc4 20. f4?? Ne7 21. Rf3 Nd5
Black wins with a Queen's-side advance: the Bishop is very bad and the Knight holds sway on both sides of the board. 0-1

 

Thomas,N - Lane,PC. [C16]doubled c-pawns : both players, doubled c-pawns, 1996

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. Nc3 Bb4 4. e5 Qd7 5. Qg4 f5 6. Qh5+ Qf7 7. Qf3 b6 8. h4 Ba6 9. Bxa6 Nxa6 10. Qd3 Bxc3+ 11. bxc3 [11. Qxc3] 11... Nb8 12. Nh3 Nc6
13. c4! makes good use of the Queen on d3 [13. Nf4 Na5 and Black has achieved a favourable blockade] 13... dxc4 14. Qxc4 Qd7
White's Bishop still has some problems, and the struggle for dominance by the minor pieces is still determined by the pawn structure, the legacy of the exchange on c3. 15. Be3 Na5 16. Qb4 Qc6 17. Nf4 Ne7 18. c4 Nxc4 19. Rc1 b5 20. Nxe6 Nd5 21. Qc5 Qxc5 22. Nxc5 Kf7
Dynamic equality: Black's knights have achieved favourable outposts but Black has not enough play on the Queen's-side for a win, given the backward c-pawn and strong White Knight. 1/2

 

Doubled c_pawns - Peter Lane (2) [C46]doubled c-pawns : intro, 1996

1. e4 e5 2. Nc3 Nc6 3. Nf3 Bb4 4. d3 d6 5. Be2 Nf6 6. O-O Bxc3 [6... O-O ]7. bxc3 0-1

 

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