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1800 A.D.

John Dixon [Abt. 1800 - ] was born in England. He subsequently married Nancy Bateson [ - ]. 

The population of Fauquier County, Virginia was 21,329 in 1800.

The 1800 Tax List for Fauquier County, Virginia shows William Wood [1770-1819], then age 20, with one free male over age 16, and one horse owned. (Source: Virginia Genealogist Volume 19 (pages177-182) and Volume 20 (pages 250-257)).

1801:

John Marshall, a resident of Fauquier County, Virginia, was appointed Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court.

1803:

January 23, 1803: The Will of Dickerson Wood [1740-1740/1803], was executed (Fauquier County, Virginia Will Book 3, p. 441). It reads:

In the name of God. Amen. I, Dickerson Wood of Fauquier County and desires (sic) this to be my last will and testament.

First. I give and bequeath to Mary, my dearly beloved wife all and everything I possess during her life excepting one Negroe (sic) girl by the name of Poll and she to go to my oldest son Dickerson Wood, and he is to pay the annual rent for the lone yuse (sic) of said gairl (sic) and allso (sic) there is fore (sic) negro boys by the name of Jarry, Pomfry, Peter and Jeffery, is to be equally divided with my fore (sic) sons Dickerson Wood, William Wood, Elijah Wood, and James Wood as singlar (sic) from the rest of my other property and if one or all of these negro boys should die to be made good of my other property and at the death of Mary my wife all my lands movely (sic) estate to be equily (sic) divided amng (sic) all my children both sons and daughters. /s/Dickerson Wood L. S.

Witnesses present: Leonard Smoot (ma?head), Lewis Jones, Enoch T. Smoot

Since Dickerson Wood [1740-1740/1803]'s will was executed (meaning it was signed) on January 23, 1803 means he was alive that day.

Leonard Smoot, one of the witnesses to the Will of Dickerson Wood, was the father of Polly Smoot. Polly married Dickerson Wood's son, James.

Notice that the Will refers to "fore" (four) sons of Dickerson. He names them: Dickerson, William, Elijah and James. Note also he wanted his estate equally divided among "all my children both sons and daughters." So, he must have had more than one daughter in addition to the sons, although he does not name the daughters. The daughters could be Ann, Mary, Elizabeth, and Isabella.

July 25, 1803: The Fauquier County, Virginia Court admitted the Will of Dickerson Wood [1740/1747-1803] to probate and granted his widow, Mary Wood, Letters of Administration to administer the Will. ("Wood-Woods Exchange,", a Quarterly Devoted to Southern Wood and Woods Families, Volume Eight, January 1958, Number 1, page 16.)

The fact the Will of Dickerson Wood [1740/1747-1803] was admitted to probate on July 25, 1803 means Dickerson died sometime between January 23, 1803 and July 25, 1803.

The Court's record reads:

This Will was proved by the oaths of Leonard Smoot, Lewis Jones and Enoch Smoot witnesses thereto and ordered to be recorded, and on the motion of Mary Wood who made oath and together with William Grimsley, John Edwards and William Wood her securities entered into and acknowledged bond in penalty of five thousand dollars conditioned as the law directs. Certificate is granted her for obtaining letters of administration with the will annexed." /s/(illegible)

Donald A. Clark points out that the probate estate of Dickerson Wood [1740/1747-1803] was unusual because there was no real estate included. Out of the total estate appraised over one-half of the value of the estate was in slaves. There was $641 in household goods, etc., while three slaves reported were valued at $750. The slaves were Lizza, Mariah and Jerry. The slave named Poll was originally given to Dickerson Wood [1773-1799/1864] by his father when Dickerson Wood [1740/1747-1803] died.

September 26, 1803: The estate of Dickerson Wood was appraised by John Gaunt, Francis Payne and William Grimsley and returned to the court.

October 22, 1803: A marriage bond was issued for Elijah Wood's [1776- ], son of Dickerson Wood [1740/1747-1803], marriage to Theodosia "Doshey" Crim (Crimm) [ - ], daughter of Harmon Crim (Crimm) [ - ] and the grand daughter of John Crim (Crimm) [ - ], in Fauquier County, Virginia. ("Wood-Woods Exchange," Volume Eight, January 1958, Number 1, page 16.)

Dickerson Wood joined Darnold, in Culpeper County, Virginia, after his father died in 1803. William Wood seems to have stayed at the home place in Virginia until joining with others leaving for Kentucky in about 1816. It is not known if any other Wood came to Kentucky. The younger Dickerson Wood later settled in what became Marion County, West Virginia. He died between 1799-1864 in Marion County, West Virginia.

1805:

Isabella Wood [1778- ], wife of Darnold Wood [ - ], died between1805-1871, probably in Fauquier County, Virginia.

November 8, 1805: A Marriage Bond for Nancy Corley [1786-1860] was issued in Fauquier County, Virginia, preparatory to her marriage to William Wood [1770-1819]. It was witnessed by Nancy's brother, Aquilla Corley [1788-1827]. Joshua Turner, her step-father, [1741-1825] and Mary Ann Maddox Corley Turner [ - ], her mother, consented to Nancy, who was of age, to marry. Witnesses at the marriage were Joshua Turner, Jr., her step-brother, and her brother, Aquilla Corley [1788-1827].

William Wood [1770-1819] and Nancy Corley [1786-1860] had five children:

  1. Sarah Wood [1806-Aft. 1870], born in Virginia
  2. Ann Dickerson Wood [1807-Betw. 1835-1901] in Virginia
  3. George Edward Wood [1810-1883] in Culpepper County, Virginia
  4. Margaret Wood [1812-1859] in Fauquier County, Virginia
  5. Eliza Jane Wood [1815-Bef. 1908] in Virginia

William Wood [1770-1819] and Nancy Corley [1786-1860] lived on the Hedgeman River near Pipes Church, Fauquier County, Virginia.

1806:

Chief Justice John Marshall and his brother James Marshall acquired the Manor of Leeds, in Fauquier County, Virginia near what is Marshall, Virginia (name was changed from the original name of Salem to Marshall) today.

August 8, 1806: A Marriage Bond was issued for the marriage of James Wood [1781-1853], son of Dickerson Wood [1740-1803], and Polly Smoot [1786-1869], daughter of Leonard Smoot [ - ], in Fauquier County, Virginia. ("Wood-Woods Exchange,", a Quarterly Devoted to Southern Wood and Woods Families, Volume Eight, January 1958, Number 1, page 16.)

1807:

Sarah Wood [1807-1870+] was born in Virginia to William Wood [1770-1819] and Nancy Corley Wood [1786-1860].

1808:

Elijah Wood died, probably in Fauquier County, Virginia, between 1808-1867.

Ann Dickerson Wood [abt.1808-1835/1901] was born in Virginia to William Wood [1770-1819] and Nancy Corley Wood [1786-1860].

Samuel Morrow [1781-1871] and Susannah Sadlier [1791-1878] married in Clonquish Parish, Longford, Ireland.

1809:

Frenchman Nicolas Appert develops a process for canning food by sealing it in airtight containers and sterilizing it with heat.

1810:

April 9, 1810: George Edward Wood [1810-1883] was born to William Wood [1770-1819] and Nancy Corley Wood [1786-1860]. There is uncertainty about where he was born. It could have been Cresthill, Fauquier County or Culpeper County, Virginia or Gallatin County, Kentucky, depending on the source of information.

May 1, 1810: John Milton Tedford [1810-1853] was born in Lincoln, Tennessee.

August 6, 1810: The third United States Census was taken as of this date. In Fauquier County, Virginia I found a William Wood listed enumerating one free white male between age 16 and 18, one free white male over 16 and under 26, two free white males age 45 or more, one free white female of 10 and under 16, one under of 26 and under 45. (Source: www.ancestry.com at image 74 of 86 images.) This is likely William Wood [1770-1819] and his wife, Nancy Corley Wood [1786-1860]. William would have been about age 40 in 1810. Nancy would have been about age 24.

1810 Census of Fauquir County, Virginia. www.ancestry.com image 74 of 86 images.

Also in the 1810 census Dickerson Wood [1773-1850] was listed in Culpeper County, Virginia. He had four boys and 2 girls under 10 years of age. (Gabriel would have been 7 at the time), a boy and 2 girls ages 10-16; he and his wife were 26-45, and they owned one slave.

The US Census of 1810 for Culpeper County, Virginia lists Dickinson Wood, 4 males under 10, 1 male 10-15, 1 male 26-45, 2 females under 10. 2 females 10-15, 1 female 26-45 and 1 slave.

1810 Census of Culpeper County, Virginia. www.ancestry.com image 92 of 94 images.

The population of the United States had increased to an incredible 7,040,000. Four states had been added to the original 13 and several territories were being prepared for admission to the Union.

Englishman Peter Durand patents the tin can for food storage, replacing the glass bottles previously used.

1812:

March 9, 1812: Richard Muir married Caron Vallandingham in Fayette County, Kentucky.

August 10, 1812: Margaret "Peggy" Wood [1812-1859], daughter of William Wood [1770-1819] and Nancy Corley Wood [1786-1860] was born in Fauquier County, Virginia.

August 17, 1812: Thomas Burchette Batts, Jr. [1791-1871] enlisted at Newcastle, Henry County, Kentucky as a private in Captain David Adams' company of the Kentucky Militia. David Adams was Sheriff of Henry County, Kentucky, as well as a Justice of Peace. He could read and write. He was married twice. The First was to Margaret "Peggy" Calhoun and they had four children: Sarah "Sally" Adams who married John Adams, a son of David Adams who served in the Revolutionary War and his wife, Polly Kephart; George Adams, Henry Strawd Adams, and Madison Adams. His second marriage was to Nancy Kimberlin, daughter of John and Sarah Kimberlin. They had one daughter Elizabeth "Betsey" Ann Adams who married Woodford M. Casey. He died in 1856 and tombstone says, David Adams, Esquire. [Information was provided by Virginia Tolman and Neal Freeman.]

December 31, 1812: Thomas Burchette Batts, Jr. [1791-1871] was discharged from the Kentucky Militia at Newcastle, Henry County, Kentucky. He was granted, for his military service, bounty land of 80 acres on warrant #25380, issued under the Act of September 23, 1850. He was allowed 80 additional acres on warrant #41451, issued under the Act of Mar. 3, 1855.

A daughter, Jane Morrow [1812- ], was born to Samuel Morrow [1781-1871] and Susannah Sadlier Morrow [1791-1878] at Longford, Ireland.

1815:

Sometime during 1815 it is believed that Mary _____ Wood, widow of Dickerson Wood [1740/1747-1803] died in Fauquier County, Virginia.

July 26, 1815: By order of Lieutenant Colonel Forbes, Earl of Granard, Samuel, a member of the Royal Longford Militia, was promoted from the rank of Private to Corporal in Captain Kerrís Army.

July 29, 1815: Lt. Forbes, by Regimental Orders, decreed that "In the future the men of the Royal Longford Militia will be regularly marched to their respective places of worship on Sundays. Protestants at Four O'Clock p.m.; Roman Catholic at 10 O'Clock a.m."

August 12, 1815: Eliza Jane Wood [1815-1836/1908] was born in Virginia to William Wood [1770-1819] and Nancy Corley Wood [1786-aft.1859].

August 18, 1815: Henry Davidage of Gallatin County, Kentucky sold 50 acres of land to William Wood [1770-1819].

October 2, 1815: William Morrow [1815- ] was born to Samuel Morrow [1781-1871] and Susannah Sadlier Morrow [1791-1878].

The Church of Newtonforbes, Longford, Ireland where William Morrow, son of Samuel and Susannah Sadlier Morrow was christened.  The church was built by British settlers in about 1694.

1816:

May 15, 1816: William Wood [1770-1819], and his wife Nancy Corley Wood [1786-1860] arrived at Carrollton, Kentucky by flatboat on the Ohio River. William brought his oldest brother's female slave, "Poll," whom he registered with the County officials in Henry County as required by law that he was not engaged in the business of slave trading.

April 15, 1816: Samuel Morrow [1781-1871] was disembodied (discharged).

Samuel Morrow's discharge.

September 23, 1816: Samuel Morrow [1781-1871] joined the First Grenadier (Foot Guards), the top regiment of the Army, at Athlone, County of Westmeath, Ireland. Samuel served eleven years and 222 days. He was 5' 11" tall, brown hair, gray eyes and fair complexion. He was listed as a weaver by trade.

This is the Old Fort at Athlone, Ireland where Samuel Morrow served.

1817:

June 2, 1817: William Wood II [1770-1819] swore to the Justice of Peace that the Negro slave, "Poll," he brought to Henry County Kentucky on May 15, 1816 was strictly for his own use and not for traffic or merchandise. (Deed Book 6, page 176.)

Declaration William Wood.jpg (157081 bytes)

The photo image of the declaration of William Wood states:

I Edmund (illegible) one of the Commonwealths Justices of the Peace in and for the County aforesaid do certify that William Wood came before me and made oath that he removed from the State of Virginia Faquer (sic) County to the State of Kentucky some time in April last with intent to become a citizen of the aforesaid State of Kentucky and arrive in the County of Henry aforesaid about the 15th day of May last and brought with him one Negro woman slave named Poll about (illegible) years of age, for his own use and not for the purpose of trafic (sic) or merchandize, and that he will bring none (illegible) for his own use.

Given under my hand and (illegible) this 2nd day of June 1817.

                                                                    /s/ (illegible)

1818:

Illinois entered the Union as the 21st state. Missouri was divided into two territories, one named Missouri, and the other Arkansas. In just three years, Missouri was admitted as a slave state to the United States. Later some of our ancestors will migrate from Kentucky to Missouri.

1819:

September 19, 1819: William Wood [1770-1819] died within three years after moving to Henry County, Kentucky]. The cause of death is unknown. One theory was that he may have died of the same illness that killed his slaves several years later. They may have been tubercular--a common problem of the time. Malaria was also a problem and the reason many did not settle in the Carrollton area of then Gallatin County, Kentucky.

William's widow, Nancy Corley Wood [1786-1860], was left with young children. Nancy did not remarry. It is likely her stepfather, Joshua Turner, helped raise her children between 1819 and 1825. Margaret "Peggy" Wood [1812-1859] would have been about 7 or 8 years old when William died and probably had a stronger awareness of her Turner, Maddox and Corley connections than of her own Wood family.

October 14, 1819: The estate of William Wood [1770-1819] was appraised by Robert Webb, Lawrence Sandford and Daniel Sandford for the probate court of Henry County, Kentucky. The appraisement was filed in the probate court's Will Book 2, at pages 451-452.

The estate was unusual in that there was no known real estate. Out of the total appraisement over half of the value was in slaves. There was $641 in household goods, etc., while the three slaves reported were valued at $750. The slaves were named Lizza, Mariah, and Jerry. Poll is presumed to be the fourth of four slaves. She was originally given to William's brother, Dickerson, Jr., in 1803 when their father, Dickerson, Sr. died. (Fauquier County, Virginia Will Book 3, p. 441). Poll may have died the same time as William. The appraisal of William's estate showed:

Appraisement of the Estate of William Wood Deceased:

We the undersigned Viz have this 14th day of October 1819 proceeded agreeable to an order of the Sept. County Court to appraise the estate of Wm. Wood Deceased and have given a true and just schedule of the same.

 

$

Cts

One Negro woman named Lizza

250

One Negro child named Mariah

100

One Negro man named Jerry

400

One Bay mare

50

One Sorrel mare

10

One Brown mare

25

One Brown cow

12

One red specled cow

12

One sow and twelve shoats

9

Twenty five acres of standing corn adjudged

Four small stacks of wheat supposed to contain

Two shovel plows

5

Three weeding hoes

2

25

One frow

1

25

Three iron wedges

3

Iron spancels and stretchers for one horse

1

25

Large stretchers swingle trees and clevices

5

One sythe blade nile and ring

1

Three pair of horse geer collars and blind bridles

12

Four halter chanes

5

Eight pair of horse shoes

18

37 1/2

One lott of old iron

2

One fifth chain

2

One old horse collar brick canels shafts and harness

6

50

Three augors and drawing/knife

1

25

Five chisels and two pair compasses one plaintiel and two files

2

25

Two hammers

 

62 1/2

One iron pot three pair hooks oven and lid skillet ladle and flesh fork

7

 

One tea kettle and coffee pot

2

75

Four pewter basons one dish six plates and six spoons

7

50

One tin bucket and wooden water can

1

25

One washing tub one pail one buckett

2

50

One stone jar

2

 

Cupboard and cupboardware

25

 

One bureau

18

 

One trunk

2

50

One square table

2

50

One wier sifter

1

50

One bed bedstead and furniture

35

 

One do do do

35

 

One trunnel bed and furniture

25

 

One pile of extra bed clothes

46

 

Two flax wheels

5

 

One flax hackle

3

 

Six chairs

3

50

 

237

1072

63 1/2

12 1/2

$160 deducted for corn and wheat for use of widow and children

1309

160

76

00

 

1149

76

Henry County Court

October, 1819

Robert Webb

Lawrence Sandford

Daniel Sandford

 

 

On motion of Nancy Wood administratrix of William Wood deceased It is ordered of the Court that Lawrence Sandford Daniel Sandford Robert Webb and Gabriel Gullinger or any three of them being first duly sworn do appraise the estate of William Wood deceased and make report thereof to next court.

 

 

Henry County December Court 1819 copy test. Rowland Thomas

 

 

The appraisement of the estate of William Wood deceased was returned to Court approved and ordered to be recorded which is done accordingly. (recorded in Henry County Will Book pages 63-64)

Att. Row. Thomas

 

 

1820:

June 9, 1820: Julietta Minerva Burney [1820-1899] was born in North Carolina. She will later marry John Milton Tedford [1810-1853].

In the 1820 census for Fauquier County, Virginia there is a William Wood listed (He is on Image 60 of the 1820 Census for Fauquier County, Virginia found on www.ancestry.com. ) He is noted to be a Free White Male between 16 and 26 years of age, engaged in agriculture, with one male slave under age 14, and 2 male slaves between age 14 and 26, and one male slave between 26 and 45, one female slave under age 14, two female slaves between 14 and 26, and one female slave over age 45. There is no way of telling whether this is William Wood [1770-1819] or not. If it is William Wood [1770-1819] I can't explain how it could be if he died in 1819.

1820 Census of Fauquier County, Virginia at www.ancestry.com image 60.

In the 1820 census there was one male 10-16 (George Edward Wood), one male 16-18, one male 16-26 and one male over 45 years of age. There was one female under age 10, one female 10-16, and one female in the 26-45 age bracket.

Between 1820-1830 Nancy Corley Wood, widow of William Wood, paid taxes on 50 acres of land that had been surveyed by Peter Shepherd. Shepherd had entered many surveys in the Mill Creek area. No actual deed or lease has ever been located for William Wood [1770-1819] or Nancy Corley Wood [1786-1860]. The land, however, is almost surely the 50 acres sold by Henry Davidage to William Wood witnessed on August 8, 1815 and delivered more than two years later on September 8, 1817.

The modern form of trousers, cut to follow the lines of the body, becomes the standard male costume in Europe.

World population reaches one billion.

1821:

The Henry County Court, Kentucky appointed Nancy Corley Wood [1786-1860] guardian of her five children [Sarah, Ann, George, Margaret, and Eliza]. She was asked to post "Common Security as Guardian to the orphans of Will Wood."

February, 1821: William Wood [1779-1819] Administrators Settlement: (Will Book 3, p. 64)

Allowance made to the administrators February 1921
  $ Cents
Cash paid Willis Hughs for Smiths work 1 87-1/2
Clothing for the Children for the year 1821    

9 yards of Calico at 3/2 per yard

4

50

5 yards of cotton Casimore for George Wood at 3/2 per yard 2 50
2 Handkerchief at 7/6 each 2 50
1 pair shoes at 3/9 0 62-1/2
to one Bonnet for Daughter $8 8 00
4 pair stockings 6/2 each 4 00
4 yards of jacknet 12/2 Daughter 8 00
to 3/4 yards of Wool & Muslin at 9/2 1 12-1/2
14 yards of Cotton Cloth at 3/2 7 00
10 Do " Do 3/2 5 00
7 pair shoes at 3/2 3 50
to 3 yards Linnen 3/2 1 50
to 1 pair Cotton stockings 1 00
to 6 pair yarn stockings 3/2 each 3 00
3 yards of linsey at 3/9 1 87-1/2
Allowance made for Boarding of five children 125 00
  180 75
to $3 paid speer pr. order orch Voris for schooling 3 00
Smiths Receipt $17.27 cents 17 27
7/6 paid Suddath crying sale 1 25
paid Hughs 11/3 for Smiths work 1 87-1/2
Shar Receipt for taxes 2 65
fee Bills 1 37
Money paid John N. Middleton for schooling $15 15 00
two Dollars seventy Eight cents for taxes 2 78
fee Bill Rowland Thomas 1 92
  $227 81-1/2

August 10, 1821: Missouri became a state.

December, 1821: The Henry County Court ordered that Daniel Sandford, Moses Olds, John Campbell and Robert Thomas be appointed Commissioners or any three being first duly sworn do settle the administrator of William Wood dec. and reprt. to next court. A Copy Att. John T. Payne.

The first high school opens in Boston. Initially called the English Classical School, it aims to educate the sons of the "mercantile and mechanic classes."

1822:

February 23, 1822: The three court-appointed administrators of the estate of William Wood II [1770-1819], Robert Thomas Commissioner, John Campbell and Moses Olds, reported a balance of $144.21 and also the expenses for the years 1820 and 1821. Expenses involved clothing, schooling, taxes and an "allowance made for the boarding of five children at $125 per year at $25 each child." Tutoring of the children was of unique benefit because Nancy Corley Wood [1786-1860] did not read or write. This particular era seems to have frequently overlooked the value of a formal education. (Will Book 3, p. 65)

Amount brought over $ Cents
Allowance made for children for the year 1820 $227 81-1/2
Cash paid William Henderson 2 25
to cash paid Wilso $1. Cash paid Middleton 6/2 2 00
to cash paid James Arddeth $5.55 cents 5 25
to cash paid Wm. Brown $3.25 3 25
8 yards Burnboset 3/9 5 00
to 1-1/2 yards Crape 2/3 2/scanes silk /9   62-1/2
3 yards of Cotton 3/6 1 75
3 yards linnen 3/2 2 pair shoes 3/2 2 50
3 yards linnen 2/6 1 yard janes 2 75
3 pair shoes 6/2 4 yards linen 30/3 4 50
4 yards linnen 2/2 one trat 7/6 2 38
3 yards of gingham 3/2 3/2 yards janes 3/2 3 00
3 yards of factory cotton 3/2 to 4 combs 3/3 9 50
2 yards Sino 3/2 2-1/2 yards bi 2/9 1.83 0 81-1/2
5 yards linnen 3/2 3-1/2 yds. Calico 3 37
1 pair shoes 50.1/pair Do $1.50--2 yds. Crape 2 62-1/2
6 yds. linnen 3/6 6/pair shoes 7/6 11 00
11 pair stockings 3/2 2 yds. linnen 3/6 6 50
to cash paid the sheriffs for tax 4 90
1 yard of cotton cloth 3/2 0 50
to cash paid John Waters $6.68 6 68
Cash paid Thomas 3/2 0 50
  $307 54-1/2
Credit by amount of sale 373 07
By cash paid by James Basker 3 50
by cash paid by Schadwell 1 50
By Do paid Brown 25 cents Thomas/9 0 37
By cash received of John Waters $6.68 6 68
Credit by the hire of one Negro man 66 00
  451 76
Ballance (sic) due the Estate one handred (sic) and forty four Dollars and twenty one and half cents 307 54-1/2
  $144 21-1/2
We the undersigned being appointed by the County Court of Henry as commissioners to settle the administrator of William Wood Deceased have acted agreeable to the order of said Court and do certify the foregoing to be a true and correct return of proceedings as witness our hands and seals this 23rd day of February 1822

Robert Thomas Comm.

John Campbell

Moses Olds

March 5, 1822: Thomas Burchette Batts, Jr. [1791-1871] and Mary Muir [1792-1860] were married in Henry County, Kentucky. Maryís father, Robert Muir Jr. [1767-1820/1830], was the bondsman.

April 7, 1822: James Morrow [1822-1907] was born to Samuel Morrow [1781-1871] and Susannah Sadlier Morrow [1791-1878].

May 6, 1822: Henry Court Sct. This day Moses Olds John Campbell and Robert Thomas appeared before me David Adams one of the Commonwealth Justices of the peace for said County and wer (sic) sworn to act agreeable to the within order Given under my hand this 6th day of May. David Adams JPHC Henry County May Court 1822 (Will Book 3, p. 66)

The Commissioners appointed to settle the accounts of the Administrator of William Wood deceased made report which being examined by the Court is ordered to be recorded which is done accordingly. Att Row. Thomas.

1823:

March 6, 1823: Nancy Jane Batts [1823-1905] was born to Thomas Burchette Batts Jr. [1791-1871] and Mary Muir Batts [@1792-@1860] in a log cabin on Mill Creek in Henry [Carroll] County, Kentucky.

Nancy Corley Woodís Gallatin County, Kentucky 1823 tax was up to $445.

1824:

The first animal welfare society, the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, is founded in England.

1825:

Sarah "Sally" Wood [1806-aft.1870], daughter of William Wood [1770-1819] and Nancy Corley Wood [1786-1860], married Joseph Berry [1796-1857].

October 25, 1825: The Gallatin County, Kentucky property tax on Nancy Corley Wood [1786-1860] increased again to $1,580. In Nancy's Guardian Report she noted that the four slaves "descended to her children" had died and that "Sally (Sarah "Sally" Wood [abt.1806-aft.1870] had married Joseph Berry [1796-1857]." The Guardian Report, in Will Book 3, at page 304, stated:

Nancy Wood guardian to her infant children Sally who has intermarried with Joseph Berry, (Margaret) Peggy Paton, George Edward, Ann D(ickerson), Eliza Jane makes the following report to the Court. 1st she states that four of the Negroes discended (sic) to her children have died since her last report - 2nd she has hired the Negro man named Jerry for $70.00. 3rd item she charges Forty $40 for clothing and 4th the doctors bill for attending her Negroes has not been made out. She has nothing further to report.

Oct. 5th 1825

Jancy (x) Wood

Item 5th 4 coffins @ $2 apiece.

December 28, 1825: Frederick Wood [abt.1799- ], son of Dickerson Wood, [abt.1766-abt.1850] and Hannah Withers Wood [abt.1780- ], married Eleanor Rogers [1795- ].

1826:

November 1, 1826: George Edward Dixon [1826-1897] was born in Bramley, Yorkshire, England to John Dixon [1800- ] and Nancy Bateson Dixon [ - ]. Sherwood Forest is located to the south and a little east of Leeds, England. It is in this area that the Pickard, Bateson and Dixon families lived.

In the Guardian Report of Nancy Corley Wood [1786-1860] she reported that the expenses for the children were again for schooling, store goods, and coarse clothing. The report stated:

Hire of one Negro man $10 the third taken out -- $40.00

To Schooling...................................................$ 5.00

To Store goods for four children ........................$30.00

To Course (sic) clothing for four.........................$20.00

Nancy Wood Guardian for Margarett (sic), George, Ann (Dickerson), and Eliza Jane Wood.

Test                                    her

Pryor                        Nancy (x) Wood

                                        mark

Henry County Oct. Court 1826

Nancy Wood Guardian for Margarett George Ann D Eliza Jane Wood inft heirs of _____ Wood dec. made her report which being examined by the Court is approved and ordered to be recorded.

                                                                                        Att Row Thomas

1827:

Nancy Corley Wood [1786-1860] bought a side saddle from the Estate of her brother, Aquilla Corley Jr., [1788-1827] for $5.75.

Elizabeth Morrow [1827-1899] was born to Samuel Morrow [1781-1871] and Susannah Sadlier Morrow [1791-1878] in England.

English chemist John Walker invents a match that will light by friction.

1828:

Indications are that Nancy Corley Wood [1786-1860] and her family were associated with the Sulphur Fork Baptist Church in 1828. The church was originally started in 1801. By 1809 the records had been destroyed twice by fire. The surviving records of the church, I'm told, are interesting. It seems that when the Turners, Maddoxs and Woods, along with others from Virginia, came in the 1816-1820 period they added considerable vitality to the church. Joseph Turner was a stalwart member by 1825 and the Nancy Wood family clearly involved by 1828. Daughter Margaret "Polly" Wood [1812-1859] "received by experience" on January 1, 1828 and it was in this same year that Eliza Jane Wood [1815-1836/1908] and Nancy Corley Wood [1786-aft.1859] also appear on the membership rolls.

Apparently the Ten Commandments were not sufficient. From the Sulphur Fork Baptist Church Book comes the following "Rules of Decorum."

 

Article 1st    That we constantly attend our meetings of disciplin (sic) except providentially hindred

 

Art 2nd        To bear each and his part according as the Lord has prospered us in defraying such expenses as are necessary for maintaining the worship of God in decency and order

 

Art 3rd        A Moderator shall be chosen by a majority of voices and untill (sic) is chosen he shall preside in the Church while at business and keep order

 

Art 4th        It shall be the duty of the moderator first to enquire of the Brethren if they are all in fellowship or has any matter of complaint to bring forward which can come in gospel order after which a door may be opened for the reception of members

 

Art 5th        Any Brother having a motion to make to the Church shall rise from his seat and adress (sic) the Moderator and shall not be interupted (sic) while speaking except he depart from the subject neither shall anyone speak more then twice to the same subject without leave from the Church. Neither shall there be any whispering in the time of a speech.

 

Art 6th        All the business of the Church relative to the reception of members and dismission (sic) by letter shall be done by the unanimous voice of the Church. Other business may be done by a majority. And that Brotherly love may continue we agree in all cases (except public transgression) to deal with our Brother agreeable to the 18th Chapter of Matthew but in case of public transgression where dishonor is done to the cause of Religion the offender (if in reach) must be requested to attend and give satisfaction to the Church by public acknowledging

 

Art 7th        Not to expose the infirmities of one another by any means when it may be lawfully avoided

 

Art 8th        Not to remove our residence to any distant part when applying to the Church for a letter of dismission

 

Art 9th        That Church members carefully avoid going to the law with one another

 

Art 10th       We believe it to be unjustifiable in any of our members to commune with any other denomination of professed Christains

 

Art 11th       We further agree that our regular meeting be held on the fourth Saturday and Sunday following in every month and to commence at eleven o'clock each day

The location of the Sulphur Fork Church, which was near present day Campbellsburg on Route 55, would not have been particularly convenient to the Wood family living over near the West fork of the Mill Creek. One suspects that there was a certain social significance attached to attending what was probably the most influential group at that time.

February 2, 1828: Samuel Morrow [1781-1871] was discharged from the military in Ireland.

1829:

April 29, 1929: Nancy Corley Wood [1786-1860]'s daughter, Ann Dickerson Wood [abt.1808-1835/1901], married Samuel Edrington [1804- ] at about age 21.

1830:

Thomas Burchette Batts Jr. [1791-1871] and Mary Muir Batts [@1792-@1830] are listed in the 1830 Henry County, Kentucky census with two daughters between the ages of 5 and 10. He and his wife were in the 30-40 age group. Mary Muir Batts [1792-1830] later died in 1830.

Sarah H. Pickard (Packard?) [1830-1902], was born in Rothwell, Yorkshire, Leeds, England in 1830.

The Gallatin County, Kentucky property taxes of Nancy Corley Wood [1786-1860] dropped to $275 in 1830. I'm not certain where Nancy lived at this time but it is presumed she lived near the Henry/Carroll County, Kentucky line east of Turnerís Station and along the East Fork of Mill Creek.

The 1830 Census for Henry County, Kentucky showed the Nancy Corley Wood [1786-1860] family unit as:

1 male 20-30 (George Edward)

1 female 10-15 (Eliza Jane)

1 female 20-30 (Margaret "Peggy")

1 female 40-50 (Nancy Corley Wood)

August 8, 1830: Nancy Corley Wood [1786-1860] stated to the Henry County, Kentucky Court that "as guardian of my children I certify I have hired the old Negro for $47 and with the same money I have schooled, clothed and boarded the children.) (Will Book 4, page 422)

September, 1830: Thomas B. Batts [1830- ] was born to Thomas Burchette Batts Jr. [1791-1871] and Mary Muir Batts [@1792-@1860].

December 4, 1830: Walker B. Bledsoe [ - ] was married to Eliza Jane Wood [1815-1836/1908], daughter of Nancy Corley Wood [1786-1860] and William Wood II [1770-1819] in Henry County, Kentucky by Christian Society minister Samuel Turner. Bledsoe's relatives ran a tavern in Port Royal, Henry County, Kentucky.

1831:

While George Edward Wood [1810-1883] and Nancy Jane Batts Wood [1823-1905] were still living in Henry County, Kentucky, George Edward Dixon [1826-1897] and his wife, Sarah H. Pickard (Packard) [1830-1902] arrived in Philadelphia by boat from England.

August 10, 1831: Elias Clark [1809-1865] and Margaret "Peggy" Wood [abt.1812-1859], daughter of William Wood [1770-1819] and Nancy Corley Wood [1786-1860],  were married in Henry County Kentucky by Christian Society minister Samuel Turner.

December 3, 1831: Thomas Burchette Batts Jr. [1791-1871] married Mary "Polly" Sanders [ - ], daughter of John Sanders [ - ], in Henry County, Kentucky.

1832:

There are no tax records for 1830-1832 relating to Nancy Corley Wood [1786-aft.1859] and it is guessed that the only child left at home was George Edward Wood [1810-1883], who was now acting as head of the household.

July 26, 1832: Samuel Morrow [1781-1871] petitioned for and was granted 100 acres of land in Canada for his military service by the Crown. He settled in York (now Toronto), Ontario, Canada and worked as a weaver. The land grant was located in the East half of Lot 1, Concession 7, Adelaide Township (now Metcalfe Township) in the Soldier's Settlement at Napier, Ontario, Canada.

Samuel Morrow's petition for and grant of 100 acres of land in Upper Canada.

In 1832 the settlers of Napier, Canada were hit by an early August frost which destroyed their winter's food supply. Potatoes, beans, wheat and corn were ruined. Samuel Morrow [1781-1871] and Susannah Sadlier Morrow [1791-1878] lived on the Sydenham River.

1833:

Sometime in 1833 Jane Morrow [1812- ], daughter of Samuel Morrow [1781-1871] and Susannah Sadlier Morrow [1791-1878], married John Cooper Revel in Longford, Ireland.

November 25, 1833: George Morrow [1833-1865] was born to Samuel Morrow [1781-1871] and Susannah Sadlier Morrow [1791-1878] at Metcalfe Township, Napier, Middlesex County, Ontario, Canada.

1834:

In Nancy Jane Batts Wood's [1823-1905] 11th year, just 150 miles south of her birthplace in Henry County, Kentucky, the Cherokee Indians began their "Trail of Tears" as ordered.

1835:

November 6, 1835: Elizabeth Maxwell [1835-1895] was born in England. She will later marry James Morrow [1822-1907].

Nancy Corley Wood [1786-1860] was taxed $35 in Gallatin County, Kentucky, probably for a horse or cattle.

Dutch author Hans Christian Andersen publishes the first volume of his children's tales.

1836:

Nancy Corley Wood [1786-1860] appeared in the Gallatin County Court with her son-in-law, Elias Clark and was awarded $50 "for the keeping of the children." She was apparently living with her son-in-law, Elias Clark [1809-1865] and daughter, Margaret "Peggy" Wood Clark [1812-1859] helping to rear the "orphaned children of Josiah Clark" who were part of the household at the time.

1837:

It is estimated that Eliza Jane Wood [1815-1837/1909], daughter of William Wood [1770-1819] and Nancy Corley Wood [1786-1860] died sometime between 1837-1909.

The story exists that George Edward Wood [1810-1883] was an overseer of a Kentucky plantation. Nancy Jane Batts [1823-1905] was visiting nearby when they met.

March 6, 1837: George Edward Wood [1810-1883] married Nancy Jane Batts [1823-1905] on Nancy's 14th birthday, daughter of Thomas Burchette Batts, Jr. [1791-1871] and Mary Muir Batts [1792-1830], in Gallatin (now Carroll) County, Kentucky. George also appeared in the newly formed Trimble County records as being part of the boundary line that James Brown was to survey for that part of the Mill Creek Road from Peter Hartmanís to the county line. This suggests George lived near the town of Tom-Tom (now known as Turner's Station), Kentucky.

Neal Freeman wrote that George first met Nancy Jane Batts when he was an overseer on a Kentucky plantation. Nancy was visiting nearby. Nancy's mother had died in 1830 and her father, Thomas Burchett Batts, remarried Polly Sanders on December 3, 1831 in Henry County, Kentucky.

German educator Friedrich Froebel opens a school for young children in Prussia that he calls a "kindergarten."

Friedrich Froebel opens the first kindergarten. It puts into practice his theory of early childhood development as a special phase during which children express themselves through play.

1838:

January 1, 1838: Carroll County, Kentucky was established.

July 9, 1838: Thomas William Wood [1838-1904], the first child of George Edward Wood [1810-1883] and Nancy Jane Batts Wood [1823-1905] was born in Henry County, Kentucky. Nancy was only 15 years old, George was 28.

1839:

September 10, 1939: Monterville Samuel Clark [1812-1859] was born to Elias Clark [1809-1865] and Margaret "Peggy" Wood [1812-1859]. He was probably born in Henry County, Kentucky.

Abner Doubleday of Cooperstown, N.Y., invents-or will receive credit for inventing-the game of baseball, which will become known as the American national pastime.

1840:

In the 1840 census George Edward Wood [1810-1883], Nancy Jane (Batts) Wood [1823-1905], and their two-year old son, Thomas William Wood, were living in the Port Royal (Near present day Turner's Station) district of Carroll (formerly Gallatin) County, Kentucky. The census reads:

1840 Census: (Source: microfilm at www.Ancestry.com 1840 U. S. Census, Kentucky, Carroll County, Unknown Townships, Image 25.)

State: Kentucky
County: Carroll
Township: Unknown
Image: 28
Year: 1840
Roll: M704_107
Page: 151
Head of Family: George Wood
Free White Persons (Including Heads of Families):

Males:

Under 5: 1 (This would be George's first son, Thomas William Wood)
5 & under 10: (blank)
10 & under 15: (blank)
15 & under 20
: (blank)
20 & under 30: (blank)
30 & under 40
: 1 (This would be George Edward Wood, the head of the family)
40 & under 50: (blank)
50 & under 60
: (blank)
60 & under 70: (blank)
70 & under 80: (blank)
80 & under 90: (blank)
90 & under 100: (blank)
100 & upwards: (blank)

Females:

Under 5: (blank)
5 & under 10: (blank)
10 & under 15: (blank)
15 & under 20: 1 (This would be Nancy Jane (Batts) Wood, George's wife)
20 & under 30: (blank)
30 & under 40: (blank)
40 & under 50: (blank)
50 & under 60: (blank)
60 & under 70
: (blank)
70 & under 80: (blank)
80 & under 90: (blank)
90 & under 100: (blank)
100 & upwards: (blank)

August 28, 1840: Sarah Ann Wood [1840-1904], the second child of George Edward Wood [1810-1883] and Nancy Jane Batts Wood [1823-1905] was born. Nancy was now 17 years old. Sarah was almost certainly born in Carroll/Henry County, Kentucky.

England issues the first postage stamps, which require the sender to prepay the delivery fee rather than collecting it from the recipient.

Stiff crinoline petticoats and tight-laced corsets set the ideal for the woman's fashionable figure. The style persists for the next 40 years.

The use of anesthesia in childbirth is condemned by some church officials as contrary to the Bible. Its use by Queen Victoria helps to quiet such opponents.

In one of the first formal studies of child psychology, Charles Darwin begins a record of the growth and development of one of his own children.

1841:

George Edward Wood [1810-1883] was listed in the Carroll County, Kentucky 1841 tax list with 67 acres valued at $400 and two horses at $50.

1842:

In 1842 George Edward Wood [1810-1883] was listed in the Carroll County, Kentucky 1842 tax list with no land and two horses at $50. I have no idea what happened to the 67 acres of land he apparently had in 1841.

April 4, 1842: Mary Frances Wood [1842-1918], the third child of George Edward Wood [1810-1883] and Nancy Jane Batts Wood [1823-1905], was born. I believe Mary was born in Carroll/Henry County, Kentucky.

1843:

The first printed Christmas cards go on sale in London; the greeting includes wishes for "a Happy New Year." Many Christmas traditions have their origins in Victorian England.

1844:

February 10, 1844: Isabella Wood [1844- ], the fourth child of George Edward Wood [1810-1883] and Nancy Jane Batts Wood [1823-1905], was born in Kentucky. Isabella died in infancy in Kentucky.

August 8, 1844: Brigham Young was chosen the new Mormon leader after Joseph Smith was killed.

1845:

September 25, 1845: James Bateson Dixon [1845- ], younger brother of George Edward Dixon [1826-1897], was born at St. Peters Parish, Leeds, Yorkshire, England, to John Dixon [1797- ] and Nancy Bateson Dixon [Abt. 1805- ].

Beginning of the Irish Potato Famine, the last great famine in the Western world. It kills more than one million of Ireland's eight million people and forces many others to emigrate.

1846:

May 23, 1846: Nancy Jane Wood [1846-1930], the fifth child of George Edward Wood [1810-1883] and Nancy Jane Batts Wood [1823-1905] was born in Kentucky.

Susan Geter [1846- ], future wife of Thomas William Wood [1838-1904], was born in Kentucky.

American Elias Howe patents the sewing machine, a device that eliminates much tedious work for the housewife.

Sometime before 1846 Elizabeth Morrow [1827-1899] married Charles Anthony [1817-1893] in Metcalfe Township, Middlesex, Ontario, Canada. Elizabeth and Charles had the first team of horses in Metcalfe district. People came from miles around to see them.. The Anthony children had to walk to school, blazing a trail by cutting notches in the trees, shoulder high. The school was in Napier. Many times they saw bear and wolves. The Anthonys had the first brick house in their district. Their daughter, Susan [1846-1922], was a harpist.

1847:

July 24, 1847 July 24: Brigham Young founded Utah (initially called Deseret), after he arrived at the Great Salt Lake with his followers to form the first settlement.

1848:

William Woodford Wood [1848- ], the first child of Pollard Wood [ - ] and Jemima Spilman Wood [ - ], was born.

March 9, 1848: Malinda Butler Wood [1848-1910], the sixth child of George Edward Wood [1810-1883] and Nancy Jane Batts Wood [1823-1905]  was born in Kentucky.

This page last modified on Tuesday October 15, 2002