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Aircraft Strength and Losses

British Air Force Strength During the Battle of Britain

Number of immediately available fighters, according to "The Battle of Britain" by Peter G. Cooksley (Ian Allan Ltd., 1990)

                        Hurricanes         Spitfires

                        ----------------------------

       21 August               615               326

       30 August               580               287

        8 September            530               275

       15 September            472               256

        2 October              482               281

       18 October              512               285

Losses in the Battle of Britain

July 1940

       ----------------------

       R.A.F. Fighter Command

       ----------------------

       Hurricane	      33 destroyed, 17 damaged

			      23 killed, 0 missing, 11 wounded

       Spitfire 	      34 destroyed, 24 damaged

			      25 killed, 0 missing, 9 wounded

       Blenheim 	      4 destroyed, 1 damaged

			      9 killed, 0 missing, 1 wounded

       Defiant		      6 destroyed, 1 damaged

			      10 killed, 0 missing, 2 wounded

       TOTAL:		      77 destroyed, 43 damaged

			      67 killed, 0 missing, 23 wounded

       ----------------------

       Luftwaffe

       ----------------------

       Dornier Do 17	      39 destroyed, 13 damaged

			      30 killed, 74 missing, 19 wounded

       Junkers Ju 87	      13 destroyed, 11 damaged

			      10 killed, 12 missing, 3 wounded

       Junkers Ju 88	      39 destroyed, 11 damaged

			      52 killed, 67 missing, 11 wounded

       Heinkel He 111	      32 destroyed, 3 damaged

			      52 killed, 85 missing, 6 wounded

       Messerschmitt Bf 109   48 destroyed, 14 damaged

			      17 killed, 14 missing, 13 wounded

       Messerschmitt Bf 110   18 destroyed, 4 damaged

			      13 killed, 17 missing, 2 wounded

       Other		      27 destroyed, 1 damaged

			      19 killed, 33 missing, 15 wounded

       TOTAL:		      216 destroyed, 57 damaged

			      193 killed, 302 missing, 69 wounded

       ----------------------

August 1940

       ----------------------

       R.A.F. Fighter Command

       ----------------------

       Hurricane	      211 destroyed, 44 damaged

			      85 killed, 1 missing, 68 wounded

       Spitfire 	      113 destroyed, 40 damaged

			      41 killed, 3 missing, 38 wounded

       Blenheim 	      13 destroyed, 10 damaged

			      6 killed, 3 missing, 0 wounded

       Defiant		      7 destroyed, 3 damaged

			      7 killed, ? missing, 4 wounded

       Beaufighter	      0 destroyed, 1 damaged

			      0 killed, 0 missing, 0 wounded

       TOTAL:		      344 destroyed, 98 damaged

			      139 killed, 7 missing, 110 wounded

       ----------------------

       Luftwaffe

       ----------------------

       Dornier Do 17	      71 destroyed, 30 damaged

			      70 killed, 129 missing, 57 wounded

       Junkers Ju 87	      57 destroyed, 16 damaged

			      35 killed, 58 missing, 19 wounded

       Junkers Ju 88	      89 destroyed, 32 damaged

			      94 killed, 182 missing, 19 wounded

       Heinkel He 111	      89 destroyed,  15 damaged

			      113 killed, 204 missing, 35 wounded

       Messerschmitt Bf 109   217 destroyed, 45 damaged

			      54 killed, 91 missing, 39 wounded

       Messerschmitt Bf 110   119 destroyed, 40 damaged

			      80 killed, 113 missing, 22 wounded

       Other		      27 destroyed, 4 damaged

			      17 killed, 27 missing, 10 wounded

       TOTAL:		      669 destroyed, 182 damaged

			      463 killed, 804 missing, 201  wounded

       ----------------------

September/October 1940

       ----------------------

       R.A.F. Fighter Command

       ----------------------

       Hurricane	      294 destroyed, 77 damaged

			      107 killed, 2 missing, 10 wounded

       Spitfire 	      195 destroyed, 76 damaged

			      67 killed, 1 missing, ? wounded

       Blenheim 	      12 destroyed, 4 damaged

			      26 killed, 3 missing, 55 wounded

       TOTAL:		      501 destroyed, 157 damaged

			      200 killed, 6 missing, 162 wounded

       ----------------------

       Luftwaffe

       ----------------------

       Dornier Do 17	      82 destroyed, 36 damaged

			      147 killed, 94 missing, 50 wounded

       Junkers Ju 87	      1 destroyed,  3 damaged

			      1 killed, ? missing, ? wounded

       Junkers Ju 88	      175 destroyed,  85 damaged

			      251 killed, 227 missing, 74 wounded

       Heinkel He 111	      131 destroyed,  78 damaged

			      203 killed, 184 missing, 67 wounded

       Messerschmitt Bf 109   326 destroyed, 96 damaged

			      77 killed, 159 missing, 36 wounded

       Messerschmitt Bf 110   124 destroyed, 26 damaged

			      91 killed, 109 missing, 17 wounded

       Other		      43 destroyed, 7 damaged

			      23 killed, 35 missing, 16 wounded

       TOTAL:		      882 destroyed, 331 damaged

			      793 killed, 808 missing, 260  wounded

       ----------------------

Spitfire vs. Hurricane during the Battle of Britain

>From "Spitfire Special" by Ted Hooton:

			 Spitfire  Hurricane   Time

       ------------------------------------------------------------------

       Average Strength  295	   461

       11th Group	 137	   243

       Average Strength   38%	    62%        July 1 -- September 30

       German shot down   43%	    57%        July 1 -- September 30

       Bf 109 shot down   49%  (of all lost)   July -- August

       Bf 109 shot down   54%  (of all lost)   September

       Combat losses	  39%	    61%

       Accident rate	   7%	     7%

       ------------------------------------------------------------------

       Spitfire vs. Bf 109  : 219 to 180 lost.

       Hurricane vs. Bf 109 : 272 to 153 lost.

       ------------------------------------------------------------------


British Air Force losses during WWII

       --------------------------------------------------------------------

	      B. C.   A.C.C.   F.C.   T.A.F.	C.C.

       --------------------------------------------------------------------

       1939	 40		  3		   | 288

       1940	509	       1186		   |

       1941	985		651		 233

       1942    1543		688		 302

       1943    2474		569	 177	 279

       1944    2904		397	1305	 305

       1945	708		 64	 633	 132

       --------------------------------------------------------------------

       Total   9163	  70   3558	2115	1579

       --------------------------------------------------------------------

       Abbreviations: B.C. Bomber Command; A.C.C. Army Co-operation Command;

       F.C. Fighter Command; T.A.F. 2nd Tactical Air Force; C.C. Coastal

       Command. Numbers include aircraft that returned to base but were

       not repairable. Source: Jane's 45-46.


Finnish Air Force Strength, november 1939

       Fokker C.X		29

       Fokker C.V		 7

       Fieseler Fi.156 Storch	 2

       Blackburn Ripon		 8

       Junkers K.43		 7

       VL Saaski		 3

       VL Kotka 		 1

       Fokker D.XXI		36

       De Havilland Moth	 3

       Bristol Bulldog		10

       Bristol Blenheim 	16


Air Force Strengths on 10 May 1940

Belgium

       Fairey Fox	     98

       Renard R 31	     21

       Gloster Gladiator     15

       Hawker Hurricane      11

       Fiat C.R.42	     23

       Fairey Battle	     14

The Netherlands

       Fokker C.X	   11

       Fokker T.V	    9

       Fokker D.XXI	   28

       Fokker G.I	   23

       Koolhoven F.K.51    16

       Douglas DB-8A	   11


Russian Air Force, Order of Battle in 1993

       Strategic Forces

	     43  Tu-95-K-20/22	 Bear-B/G

	     27  Tu-95MS	 Bear-H

	      4  Tu-160 	 Blackjack

       Air Defence Forces

	  Fighters:

	    676  MiG-23 	 Flogger

	    174  MiG-25 	 Foxbat

	    300  MiG-31 	 Foxhound

	    200  Su-27		 Flanker

	  AWACS

	     15  A-50		 Mainstay

	     10  Tu-126 	 Moss

       Air Force

	  Medium Bombers

	     30  Tu-16		 Badger

	     65  Tu-22		 Blinder

	    100  Tu-22M 	 Backfire

	  Tactical Interceptors

	    400  MiG-23 	 Flogger

	     21  MiG-25 	 Foxbat

	    430  MiG-29 	 Fulcrum

	     30  MiG-31 	 Foxhound

	    150  Su-27		 Flanker

	  Ground-attack aircraft

	    400  MiG-27 	 Flogger

	    120  Su-17/22	 Fitter

	    480  Su-24		 Fencer

	    192  Su-25		 Frogfoot

	  Reconnaissance / ECM aircraft

	    125  An-12		 Cub

	    100  An-26		 Curl

	     20  An-30		 Clank

	     20  Il-20/22	 Coot

	     85  MiG-25 	 Foxbat

	     90  Su-24		 Fencer

	     50  Su-17		 Fitter

	     70  Tu-16		 Badger

	     30  Tu-22		 Blinder

	     40  Yak-28 	 Brewer

	  Tankers

	     20  Il-78		 Midas

	     10  M-4		 Bison

	     20  Tu-16		 Badger

	  Transports

	    350  An-12		 Cubs

	     45  An-22		 Cock

	     26  An-124 	 Condor

	    297  Il-76		 Candid

	    300  An-2		 Colt

	    100  An-24		 Coke

	     50  An-32		 Cline

	     20  An-72/74	 Coaler

	      1  An-225 	 Cossack

	    150  L-410VP

	     20  Tu-134/154	 Crusty/Careless

	     25  Yak-49 	 Codling

       Naval Air Forces

	  Bombers and Strike aircraft

	     15  Tu-16		 Badger

	     15  Tu-22		 Blinder

	    165  Tu-22M 	 Backfire

	  Interceptors

	     47  MiG-29 	 Fulcrum

	     20  Su-33		 Flanker

	     15  Yak-38 	 Forger

	  Fighter / Attack aircraft

	     30  MiG-27 	 Flogger

	     35  Su-17		 Fitter

	    107  Su-24		 Fencer

	     55  Su-25		 Frogfoot

	  Tankers

	      6  Tu-16		 Badger

	  Reconaissance / EW aircraft

	      7  An-12		 Cub

	      3  Il-20		 Coot

	     24  Tu-16		 Badger

	     20  Su-24		 Fencer

	      6  Tu-22		 Blinder

	     24  Tu-95RT	 Bear-D

	  ASW aircraft

	     55  Be-12		 Mail

	     36  Il-38		 May

	     88  Ka-25		 Hormone-A

	     88  Ka-27		 Helix-A

	     63  Mi-14		 Haze-A

	     58  Tu-142 	 Bear-F


Emmanuel Gustin
gustin@uia.ac.be

 

 

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