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Adagio (Adage) a succession of slow and graceful movements which may be simple or of the most complex
Air, en l' Indicates that a movement is to be made in the air
Allégro bright and brisk movements.
Alonge extension of arms in arabesque
Arabesque, standing on one leg with raised leg extended in straight line to rear and foot pointed (4 positions used)
Arriére, en backwards; shows a step is executed moving away from the audience
Assemblé rising off floor, on one leg and landing on two (straightening both legs in air) and returning to fifth position
Attitude a position on one leg with the other lifted in back, the knee bent at an angle of 90 degrees and well turned out so that the knee is higher than the foot
Avant, en a given step is executed moving forward, toward the audience
Balancé a rocking step; an alternation of balance, shifting the weight from one foot to the other
Ballerina  usually the principal female dancer in a ballet company
Ballet A theatrical work or entertainment in which a choreographer has expressed his ideas in group and solo dancing to a musical accompaniment with appropriate costumes, scenery and lighting.
ballet d'action ballet that tells a story, many times tragic
Ballet master, ballet mistress person in a ballet company whose duty is to give the daily company class and to rehearse the ballets in the company repertoire
Balletomane A ballet fan or enthusiast. The word was invented in Russia in the early nineteenth century.
Ballon the light, elastic quality in jumping in which the dancer bounds up from the floor, pauses a moment in the air and descends lightly and softly, only to rebound in the air like the smooth bouncing of a ball
ballonne' broad leap with battement kick
Ballonné, pas step in which the dancer springs into the air extending one leg to the front, side or back and lands with the extended leg either sur le cou-de-pied or retiré
Ballotté step consists of coupé dessous and coupé dessus performed in a series with a rocking, swinging movement - ballotté is performed traveling forward on ballotté en avant and backward on ballotté en arrière to the place from which the first jump began
Barre horizontal bar opposite mirrors and along a wall in studio for class exercises - where every class begins exercises
Battement high or low kick: grand battement or petit battement
Battement fondu développé exercise in which the supporting leg is slowly bent in fondu with the working foot pointing on the ankle. As the supporting leg is straightened, the working leg unfolds and is extended to point on the floor or in the air
Battement frappé exercise in which the dancer forcefully extends the working leg from a cou-de-pied position to the front, side or back. This exercise strengthens the toes and insteps and develops the power of elevation
Battement sur le cou-de-pied, petit an exercise at the bar in which the working foot is held sur le cou-de-pied and the lower part of the leg moves out and in, changing the foot from sur le cou-de-pied devant to sur le cou-de-pied derrière and vice versa
Battement tendu the working foot slides from the first or fifth position to the second or fourth position without lifting the toe from the ground. Both knees must be kept straight. When the foot reaches the position pointe tendue, it then returns to the first or fifth position
Battement, grand exercise in which the working leg is raised from the hip into the air and brought down again, the accent being on the downward movement, both knees straight
Batterie beating together of feet or legs, esp. in midair
Battu beaten - any step embellished with a beat is called a pas battu. As, for example, in jeté battu
Bourre'e traveling movement with feet moving in tine steps from tight fifth position
Bras arms
Bras bas arms low or down - This is the dancer's "attention." The arms form a circle with the palms facing each other and the back edge of the hands resting on the thighs. The arms should hang quite loosely but not allowing the elbows to touch the sides
Bras, positions des the four arm positions
Brise' jump in which one leg beats against the other in midair;  small beating step in which the movement is broken. Brisés are commenced on one or two feet and end on one or two feet
Brisé volé flying brisé - the dancer finishes on one foot after the beat, the other leg crossed either front or back
Cabriole An allegro step in which the extended legs are beaten in the air
Cabriole, double a cabriole in which one leg strikes the other in the air two or more times before landing.
Cavalier The male partner of the ballerina
Centre practice a group of exercises similar to those à la barre but performed in the centre of the room without the support of the barre. These exercises are usually performed with alternate feet and are invaluable for obtaining good balance and control
Chaînés a series of rapid turns on the points or demi-pointes done in a straight line or in a circle.
Changement springing steps in the fifth position, the dancer changing feet in the air and alighting in the fifth position with the opposite foot in the front
Chassé step in which one foot literally chases the other foot out of its position; done in a series.
Choreographer, choreographer term applied to one who composes or invents ballets or dances
Choreography, choreography term used to describe the actual steps, groupings and patterns of a ballet or dance composition
Cinq five
Cinquiéme fifth
Classical ballet traditional style of ballet, which stresses the academic technique developed through the centuries of the existence of ballet
Coda the finale of a classical ballet in which all the principal dancers appear separately or with their partners.
Corps body
Corps de ballet The dancers in a ballet who do not appear as soloists
Côté, de indicates that a step is to be made to the side, either to the right or to the left.
Cou-de-pied position working foot is placed on the part of the leg between the base of the calf and the beginning of the ankle
Coupé jeté en tournant compound step consisting of a coupé dessous making a three-quarter turn and a grand jeté en avant to complete the turn. The step is usually done in a series either en manège or en diagonale
Couru running
Croise', croisée pose in which a dancer stands with legs crossed at an angle to the  audience. The disengaged leg may be crossed in the front or in the back
Croix, en the shape of a cross. Indicates that an exercise is to be executed to the fourth position front, to the second position and to the fourth position back, or vice versa
Danse dance
Danse de caractère dance of character, character dance
Dedans, en inward - indicates that the leg, in a position à terre or en l'air , moves in a circular direction, counterclockwise from back to front.  In pirouettes it indicates that a pirouette is made inward toward the supporting leg
Dehors, en outward - indicates that the leg, in a position à terre or en l'air, moves in a circular direction, clockwise.  In pirouettes it indicates that a pirouette is made outward toward the working leg
Demi-plié Half-bend of the knees. All steps of elevation begin and end with a demi-plié
Demi-pointes, sur les On the half-points. Indicates that the dancer is to stand high on the balls of the feet and under part of the toes. Also used in the singular, "sur la demi-pointe."
Derrière refers to a movement, step or placing of a limb in back of the body. In reference to a particular step, the addition of derrière implies that the working foot is closed at the back
Dessous (duh-Soo) Under. Indicates that the working foot passes behind the supporting foot
Dessus (duh -Sew) Over. Indicates that the working foot passes in front of the supporting foot
Deux two
Deuxième second
Devant in front - refers to a step, movement or the placing of a limb in front of the body. In reference to a particular step the addition of the word "devant" implies that the working foot is closed in the front
Développé is a movement in which the working leg is drawn up to the knee of the supporting leg and slowly extended to an open position en l'air and held there with perfect control. The hips are kept level and square to the direction in which the dancer is facing.
Diagonale, en a step is to be done traveling in a diagonal direction
Divertissement diversion, enjoyment; short dances calculated to display the talents of individuals or groups of dancers.
Double double
Cabriole An allegro step in which the extended legs are beaten in the air
Cabriole, double a cabriole in which one leg strikes the other in the air two or more times before landing.
Cavalier The male partner of the ballerina
Centre practice a group of exercises similar to those à la barre but performed in the centre of the room without the support of the barre. These exercises are usually performed with alternate feet and are invaluable for obtaining good balance and control
Chaînés a series of rapid turns on the points or demi-pointes done in a straight line or in a circle.
Changement springing steps in the fifth position, the dancer changing feet in the air and alighting in the fifth position with the opposite foot in the front
Chassé step in which one foot literally chases the other foot out of its position; done in a series.
Choreographer, choreographer term applied to one who composes or invents ballets or dances
Choreography, choreography term used to describe the actual steps, groupings and patterns of a ballet or dance composition
Cinq five
Cinquiéme fifth
Classical ballet traditional style of ballet, which stresses the academic technique developed through the centuries of the existence of ballet
Coda the finale of a classical ballet in which all the principal dancers appear separately or with their partners.
Corps body
Corps de ballet The dancers in a ballet who do not appear as soloists
Côté, de indicates that a step is to be made to the side, either to the right or to the left.
Cou-de-pied position working foot is placed on the part of the leg between the base of the calf and the beginning of the ankle
Coupé jeté en tournant compound step consisting of a coupé dessous making a three-quarter turn and a grand jeté en avant to complete the turn. The step is usually done in a series either en manège or en diagonale
Couru running
Croise', croisée pose in which a dancer stands with legs crossed at an angle to the  audience. The disengaged leg may be crossed in the front or in the back
Croix, en the shape of a cross. Indicates that an exercise is to be executed to the fourth position front, to the second position and to the fourth position back, or vice versa
Danse dance
Danse de caractère dance of character, character dance
Dedans, en inward - indicates that the leg, in a position à terre or en l'air , moves in a circular direction, counterclockwise from back to front.  In pirouettes it indicates that a pirouette is made inward toward the supporting leg
Dehors, en outward - indicates that the leg, in a position à terre or en l'air, moves in a circular direction, clockwise.  In pirouettes it indicates that a pirouette is made outward toward the working leg
Demi-plié Half-bend of the knees. All steps of elevation begin and end with a demi-plié
Demi-pointes, sur les On the half-points. Indicates that the dancer is to stand high on the balls of the feet and under part of the toes. Also used in the singular, "sur la demi-pointe."
Derrière refers to a movement, step or placing of a limb in back of the body. In reference to a particular step, the addition of derrière implies that the working foot is closed at the back
Dessous (duh-Soo) Under. Indicates that the working foot passes behind the supporting foot
Dessus (duh -Sew) Over. Indicates that the working foot passes in front of the supporting foot
Deux two
Deuxième second
Devant in front - refers to a step, movement or the placing of a limb in front of the body. In reference to a particular step the addition of the word "devant" implies that the working foot is closed in the front
Développé is a movement in which the working leg is drawn up to the knee of the supporting leg and slowly extended to an open position en l'air and held there with perfect control. The hips are kept level and square to the direction in which the dancer is facing.
Diagonale, en a step is to be done traveling in a diagonal direction
Divertissement diversion, enjoyment; short dances calculated to display the talents of individuals or groups of dancers.
Double double
Écarté separated, thrown wide apart
Échappé escaping or slipping movement - a level opening of both feet from a closed to an open position
Échappé sur les pointes Échappé on the points or toes. Fifth position R foot front. Demi-plié and, with a little spring, open the feet to the second or fourth position sur les pointes
Effacé, effacée directions of épaulement in which the dancer stands at an oblique angle to the audience so that a part of the body is taken back and almost hidden from view
Élévation the height attained in springing steps such as entrechats, grands jetés
Entrechat step of beating in which the dancer jumps into the air and rapidly crosses the legs before and behind each other (quarte=4 crosses, six = six crosses)
Épaulement bringing one shoulder forward and the other back with the head turned or inclined over the forward shoulder
Exercises à la barre group of exercises performed by the dancer while clasping a bar with one hand.  Bar exercises, or side practice, are the foundation of classical ballet and are to the dancer what scales are to the pianist
Extension used to describe the ability of a dancer to raise and hold her extended leg en l'air
Face, en Opposite (the audience); facing the audience
Fish dive various lifts in which the danseuse is supported by the danseur in a poisson position. He may hold her above his head in a horizontal fish dive or she may fall from a sitting position on his shoulder and be caught in a fish dive, and so on.
Fondu, fondue sinking down - used to describe a lowering of the body made by bending the knee of the supporting leg
Fouetté whipped -  applied to a whipping movement. The movement may be a short whipped movement of the raised foot as it passes rapidly in front of or behind the supporting foot or the sharp whipping around of the body from one direction to another
Fouetté en tourant large fouetté, turning
Fouetté rond de jambe en tournant whipped circle of the leg turning - the dancer executes a series of turns on the supporting leg while being propelled by a whipping movement of the working leg
Gateway, the first position, arms are held rounded in front of the body with the fingertips on a level with the bottom of the breastbone
Glissade a traveling step executed by gliding the working foot from the fifth position in the required direction, the other foot closing to it
Grand, grande big, large
Écarté separated, thrown wide apart
Échappé escaping or slipping movement - a level opening of both feet from a closed to an open position
Échappé sur les pointes Échappé on the points or toes. Fifth position R foot front. Demi-plié and, with a little spring, open the feet to the second or fourth position sur les pointes
Effacé, effacée directions of épaulement in which the dancer stands at an oblique angle to the audience so that a part of the body is taken back and almost hidden from view
Élévation the height attained in springing steps such as entrechats, grands jetés
Entrechat step of beating in which the dancer jumps into the air and rapidly crosses the legs before and behind each other (quarte=4 crosses, six = six crosses)
Épaulement bringing one shoulder forward and the other back with the head turned or inclined over the forward shoulder
Exercises à la barre group of exercises performed by the dancer while clasping a bar with one hand.  Bar exercises, or side practice, are the foundation of classical ballet and are to the dancer what scales are to the pianist
Extension used to describe the ability of a dancer to raise and hold her extended leg en l'air
Face, en Opposite (the audience); facing the audience
Fish dive various lifts in which the danseuse is supported by the danseur in a poisson position. He may hold her above his head in a horizontal fish dive or she may fall from a sitting position on his shoulder and be caught in a fish dive, and so on.
Fondu, fondue sinking down - used to describe a lowering of the body made by bending the knee of the supporting leg
Fouetté whipped -  applied to a whipping movement. The movement may be a short whipped movement of the raised foot as it passes rapidly in front of or behind the supporting foot or the sharp whipping around of the body from one direction to another
Fouetté en tourant large fouetté, turning
Fouetté rond de jambe en tournant whipped circle of the leg turning - the dancer executes a series of turns on the supporting leg while being propelled by a whipping movement of the working leg
Gateway, the first position, arms are held rounded in front of the body with the fingertips on a level with the bottom of the breastbone
Glissade a traveling step executed by gliding the working foot from the fifth position in the required direction, the other foot closing to it
Grand, grande big, large
Jambe leg
Jeté jump from one foot to the other in which the working leg is brushed into the air and appears to have been thrown
Jeté battu jeté beaten
Jeté entrelacé jeté done in all directions and in a circle. It is usually preceded by a chassé or a pas couru to give impetus to the jump
Jeté, grand large jeté
Jeté, grand in attitude big leap forward preceded by a preliminary movement such as a pas couru or a glissade, which gives the necessary push-off
Jeté, petit small jeté
Labanotation a system of dance notation invented by the Hungarian-born teacher Rudolf von Laban
Leçon (Class) lesson - the daily class taken by dancers throughout their career to continue learning and to maintain technical proficiency
Ligne the outline presented by a dancer while executing steps and poses
Jambe leg
Jeté jump from one foot to the other in which the working leg is brushed into the air and appears to have been thrown
Jeté battu jeté beaten
Jeté entrelacé jeté done in all directions and in a circle. It is usually preceded by a chassé or a pas couru to give impetus to the jump
Jeté, grand large jeté
Jeté, grand in attitude big leap forward preceded by a preliminary movement such as a pas couru or a glissade, which gives the necessary push-off
Jeté, petit small jeté
Labanotation a system of dance notation invented by the Hungarian-born teacher Rudolf von Laban
Leçon (Class) lesson - the daily class taken by dancers throughout their career to continue learning and to maintain technical proficiency
Ligne the outline presented by a dancer while executing steps and poses
Manèges term applied to steps or enchaînements executed in a circle.
Mazurka (mazurek) a Polish folk dance in 3/4 time which has been introduced into a number of ballets as a character dance.
Methods academic ballet as we know it today came into being in the year 1661, when King Louis XIV of France founded the Académie Royale de Musique et de Danse
Mime art of using the face and body to express emotion and dramatic action
Neuf nine
Notation there are two systems of notation in general use, Labanotation and Benesh notation.
Ouvert, ouverte Open, opened - refers to positions (the second and fourth positions of the feet are positions ouvertes), limbs, directions, or certain exercises or steps
Pas simple step or a compound movement which involves a transfer of weight
Pas de bourrée Bourrée steps done on the point or demi-pointe
Pas de bourrée couru running steps - a progression on the points or demi-pointes by a series of small, even steps with the feet close together
Pas de chat cat's-step - owes its name to the likeness of the movement to a cat's leap
Pas de deux dance for two
Pas de deux, grand grand dance for two
Pas de quatre dance for four
Pas de trois dance for three
Pas de valse waltz step- with a graceful swaying of the body with various arm movements, step is like a balancé, but the feet do not cross
Pas marché marching step - the dignified, classical walk of the ballerina and the premier danseur
Penché, penchée leaning, inclining, for example, in arabesque penchée
Petit, petite small
Pieds, cinq postions des (Five postions of the feet) five basic positions of the feet in classical ballet, and every step or movement is begun and ended in one or another of these positions
Piqué pricked, pricking - executed by stepping directly on the point or demi-pointe of the working foot in any desired direction or position with the other foot raised in the air
Pirouette whirl or spin - a complete turn of the body on one foot, on point or demi-pointe
Pirouette à la second, grande large pirouette in the second position usually performed by male dancers. It is a series of turns on one foot with the free leg raised to the second position en l'air at 90 degrees
Plié bent, bending - of the knee or knees. This is an exercise to render the joints and muscles soft and pliable and the tendons flexible and elastic, and to develop a sense of balance
Pointes, sur les raising of the body on the tips of the toes. Also used in the singular, "sur la pointe." First introduced in the late 1820s or early 1830s at the time of Taglioni. There are three ways of reaching the points, by piqué, relevé or sauté.
Pointe shoes The satin ballet shoes used by dancers when dancing sur les pointes. shoes reinforced with a box constructed of several layers of strong glue in between layers of material.
Poisson fish - a position of the body in which the legs are crossed in the fifth position and held tightly together with the back arched
Polonaise processional dance in 3/4 time with which the court ballets of the seventeenth century were opened
Port de bras movement or series of smooth movements made by passing the arm or arms through various positions. The passage of the arms from one position to another constitutes a port de bras. Also term for a group of exercises designed to make the arms move gracefully and harmoniously
Porté, portée Refers either to a step which is traveled in the air from one spot to another or to the carrying of a danseuse by a danseur.
Premier, première first
Promenade, tour de in a pas de deux, the ballerina on point holds her pose and is slowly turned by her partner who walks around her holding her hand.
 
Manèges term applied to steps or enchaînements executed in a circle.
Mazurka (mazurek) a Polish folk dance in 3/4 time which has been introduced into a number of ballets as a character dance.
Methods academic ballet as we know it today came into being in the year 1661, when King Louis XIV of France founded the Académie Royale de Musique et de Danse
Mime art of using the face and body to express emotion and dramatic action
Neuf nine
Notation there are two systems of notation in general use, Labanotation and Benesh notation.
Ouvert, ouverte Open, opened - refers to positions (the second and fourth positions of the feet are positions ouvertes), limbs, directions, or certain exercises or steps
Pas simple step or a compound movement which involves a transfer of weight
Pas de bourrée Bourrée steps done on the point or demi-pointe
Pas de bourrée couru running steps - a progression on the points or demi-pointes by a series of small, even steps with the feet close together
Pas de chat cat's-step - owes its name to the likeness of the movement to a cat's leap
Pas de deux dance for two
Pas de deux, grand grand dance for two
Pas de quatre dance for four
Pas de trois dance for three
Pas de valse waltz step- with a graceful swaying of the body with various arm movements, step is like a balancé, but the feet do not cross
Pas marché marching step - the dignified, classical walk of the ballerina and the premier danseur
Penché, penchée leaning, inclining, for example, in arabesque penchée
Petit, petite small
Pieds, cinq postions des (Five postions of the feet) five basic positions of the feet in classical ballet, and every step or movement is begun and ended in one or another of these positions
Piqué pricked, pricking - executed by stepping directly on the point or demi-pointe of the working foot in any desired direction or position with the other foot raised in the air
Pirouette whirl or spin - a complete turn of the body on one foot, on point or demi-pointe
Pirouette à la second, grande large pirouette in the second position usually performed by male dancers. It is a series of turns on one foot with the free leg raised to the second position en l'air at 90 degrees
Plié bent, bending - of the knee or knees. This is an exercise to render the joints and muscles soft and pliable and the tendons flexible and elastic, and to develop a sense of balance
Pointes, sur les raising of the body on the tips of the toes. Also used in the singular, "sur la pointe." First introduced in the late 1820s or early 1830s at the time of Taglioni. There are three ways of reaching the points, by piqué, relevé or sauté.
Pointe shoes The satin ballet shoes used by dancers when dancing sur les pointes. shoes reinforced with a box constructed of several layers of strong glue in between layers of material.
Poisson fish - a position of the body in which the legs are crossed in the fifth position and held tightly together with the back arched
Polonaise processional dance in 3/4 time with which the court ballets of the seventeenth century were opened
Port de bras movement or series of smooth movements made by passing the arm or arms through various positions. The passage of the arms from one position to another constitutes a port de bras. Also term for a group of exercises designed to make the arms move gracefully and harmoniously
Porté, portée Refers either to a step which is traveled in the air from one spot to another or to the carrying of a danseuse by a danseur.
Premier, première first
Promenade, tour de in a pas de deux, the ballerina on point holds her pose and is slowly turned by her partner who walks around her holding her hand.
 
Quatre four
Quatrième first
Relevé raised - raising of the body on the points or demi-pointes, point or demi-pointe
Retiré position in which the thigh is raised to the second position en l'air with the knee bent so that the pointed toe rests in front of, behind or to the side of the supporting knee.
Rise smooth relevé from a position à terre through all the levels of the foot (quarter-point, half-point and three-quarter point) - toes do not move from the spot at which the rise began.
Rolling Poor distribution of weight on inside or outside of foot - toes and heels should be flat on the floor and the turn-out must come from the hip joints.
Romantic ballet A style of ballet produced during the early nineteenth century in which the accent was on the conveyance of a mood to a story.
Rond de jambe a circular movement of the leg
Rond de jambe à terre exercise at the bar or in the centre in which one leg is made to describe a series of circular movements on the ground
Rond de jambe en l'air exercise at the bar or in the centre in which one leg is made to describe a series of circular movements in the air
Royale changement in which the calves are beaten together before the feet change position
Russian School The Russian School was founded in St. Petersburg in 1738 by the French dancerJean-Baptiste Landé. During the 1 920s the Russian ballerina and teacher Agrippina Vaganova developed a planned instructional system which later became known to the whole world as the Vaganova system.
Saut de basque traveling step in which the dancer turns in the air with one foot drawn up to the knee of the other leg
Sauté, sautée this term is added to the name of a step when the movement is performed while jumping
Seconde, à la the foot is to be placed in the second position, or that a movement is to be made to the second position en l'air
Sept seven
Sickling fault in which the dancer turns his or her foot in from the ankle, thereby breaking the straight line of the leg
Sissonne jumping step which begins on two feet and lands on one
Six six
Supporting leg used by dancers and teachers for the leg which supports the body so that the working leg is free to execute a given movement
Temps lié sur les pointes connected movement en pointe
Terre, à the entire base of the supporting foot or feet touches the ground
Tour de force feat of technical skill such as a series of brilliant pirouettes or a combination of outstanding jumps and beats
Tour en l'air turn in the air - usually a male dancer's step although contemporary choreographers use this tour for ballerinas as well
Tournant, en Indicates that the body is to turn while executing a given step
Trois three
Troisiéme third
Turn-out the ability of the dancer to turn his or her feet and legs out from the hip joints to a 90-degree position
Tutu the short classical ballet skirt made of many layers of tarlatan or net -romantic tutu is a long skirt reaching below the calf
Vaganova, Agrippina The greatest Russian teacher of her day (1879-1951).
Variation A solo dance in a classic ballet
Virtuoso The dancers in a ballet who do not appear as soloists
Working leg used by dancers and teachers to denote the leg that is executing a given movement while the weight of the body is on the supporting leg

These were found at The Dictionary of French Ballet Terms