Abbreviations used for bibliographical sources 
and tomb labeling


 

AE = Ancient Egypt (London.)

AEFP = Nicholas Reeves, Akhenaten: Egypt's False Prophet (Thames and Hudson, 2001.)

AG = W. Spiegelberg,  A'gyptische und andere Graffiti (Inschriften und Zeichnungen) aus der 
          Thebanischen Nekropolis  (Heidelberg, 1921.)

AKoE = Cyril Aldred., Akhenaten, King of Egypt (Thames and Hudson, 1988.)

AN = Dra Abu’l Naga

APoE = Cyril Aldred, Akhenaten: Pharaoh of Egypt--A New Study (McGraw-Hill, 1968.)

ARE = James Breasted, Ancient Records of Egypt 2 (London, 1988.)

ASAE = Annales du Service des Antiquites de l’Egypt (Cairo.)

AT = C. N. Reeves, ed., After Tut'ankhamen (London, 1992.)

BB = Dr. Bob Brier, Egyptian Mummies (William Morrow and Company, 1994.)

BdE = Bibliothéque d'étude. Cairo: IFAO, 1908-

BIE = Bulletin de l'Institut Egyptien (Cairo.)

BIFAO = Bulletin de l'Institut français d'archéologie Orientale (Cairo.)

BiOr = Bibliotheca Orientalis (Leiden.)

BM = British Museum

BMMA = Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York.)

BSFE = Bulletin de la Societe francaise d'egyptologie (Paris.)

C = Century Magazine 

CBTT = W. McLeod, Composit Bows from the Tomb of Tutcankhamun (Oxford, 1970.)

CCR = Georges Daressy, Cercueils des cachettes royales (Cairo, 1909.)

CP = Peter A. Clayton, Chronicle of the Pharaohs (Thames and Hudson, 2'nd edition, 1996.)  

CT = Nicholas Reeves, The Complete Tutankhamen (Thames and Hudson, 1990.)

CVK = Nicholas Reeves and Richard Wilkinson, The Complete Valley of the Kings (London & New York,
              1996.)             

DB = Dier el-Bahari

De = M. Gitton, Les divines epouses de la 18e dynastie (Paris, 1984.)

DEM = H. W. Helck, Der Einfluss der Militarfuhrer in der 18. agyptischen Dynastie (Leipzig, 1939.)

DRN = C. N. Reeves, The Valley of the Kings; the Decline of a Royal Necropolis (Kegan Paul 
              International, 1990.) 

EB = Emile Brugsch

EEFAR = Egypt Exploration Fund Archeological Report (London.)

EM = G. Elliot Smith and Warren Dawson, Egyptian Mummies (Kegan Paul International, 1991. Originally 
            published in 1924.)

EMbm =Carol Andrews, Egyptian Mummies (British Museum/Harvard University Press, 1984.)

EMs = B. Andrews, Egyptian Mummies (Shire Egyptology series, 1984.)

EMC-87 = Official Catalogue: The Egyptian Museum, Cairo (Verlag Philipp von Zabern, 1987.)

FPI= Edouard, Naville,  The Funeral Papyrus of Iouiya (London, 1908.)

FVR =
G. Daressy, Fouilles de la Vallee des Rois 1898-1899 (Cairo, 1902.)

GAE = Ruffle, Gaballa , and Kitchen, ed., Glimpses of Ancient Egypt; Studies in Honor of H. W. Fairman
            
(Warminster, 1979.)

GAE = Arthur Weigall, A Guide to the Antiquities of Upper Egypt from Abydos to the Sudan Frontier 
            
(London, 1910.)

GC = Perevorot Perepelkin, The Secret of the Gold Coffin (Moscow, 1978.)

GCM = Gaston Maspero, Guide to the Cairo Museum (1908.)

GdV = Gaston Maspero, Guide du Visiteur (1905.)

GI(HCA) = Griffith Institute (Howard Carter Archive.)

GM = Gottinger Miszellen (Gottingen.)

GP = Arthur Weigall, The Glory of the Pharaohs (London, 1936.)

GPI = M. Ciccarello, The Graffito of Pinutem I in the Tomb of Ramesses XI (San Francisco, 1979.)        

Gr =
Jaroslav Cerny, A. A. Sadek, and others, Graffiti de la montagne thebaine (Cairo, 1969-1974.)

H II = Eugene Lefebure, Les hypogees royaux de Thebes (Paris, 1886-1889.)

HA = H. Kees, Die Hohenpriester des Amun von Karnak von Herihor bis zum Ende der Athiopenzeit
         
(Leiden, 1964.)       

HE = Erik Hornung, The Valley of the Kings: Horizon of Eternity (1990.)

HCPT = T. G. H. James, Howard Carter, The Path to Tutankhamen (London, 1992.) 

IT = Theodore Davis, pub., The Tomb of Iouiya and Touiyou (1907.)

JARCEJournal of the American Research Center in Egypt

JEA = Journal of Egyptian Archaeology (London.)

JNES = Journal of Near Eastern Studies (Chicago.)

KG = Henri Frankfort, Kingship and the Gods (University of Chicago, 1948.)

KMT = KMT--A Modern Journal of Ancient Egypt.

KV = King’s Valley (the Valley of the Kings)

LNK = Morris Bierbrier, The Late New Kingdom in Egypt (Warminster, 1975.) 

LT = Kent R. Weeks, Ph. D., The Lost Tomb (William Morrow and Company, Inc., 1998.)

LToA = Arthur Weigall, The Life and Times of Akhenaten, Pharaoh of Egypt (London, 1923.)

MA = C. W. Ceram, The March of Archeology (Thames and Hudson, 1958.)

MET = Herbert Winlock, Materials Used at the Embalming of King  Tut-cankh-Amun (New York, 1941.)

MDAIK = Mitteilungen des Deutschen archäologischen Instituts (Wiesbaden.)

MiAE = Salima Ikram and Aidan Dodson, Mummies in Ancient Egypt (Thames and Hudson, 1998.) 

MMM = Christine El Mahdy, Mummies, Myth, and Magic (Thames and Hudson, 1989.) 

MP = T. E. Peet, The Mayer Papyri A and B (London, 1920.) 

MR1 = Gaston Maspero, La Trouvaille de Dier el-Bahari (Cairo, 1881.) 

MR = Gaston Maspero, Les momies royales de Deir el-Bahari (Cairo, 1889.) 

MSS = The Papers of Howard Carter (1873-1939) at the Griffith Institute, Oxford. 

NG =
The National Geographic Magazine.

N I = J. -F. Champollion, Monuments de l'Egypte et da la Nubie. Notices descriptives (Paris, 1844-89.)

NL = Gaston Maspero, New Light on Ancient Egypt (London, 1908.)

O = Jaroslav Cerny, Ostraca hieratiques (Cairo, 1930-1935.) 

PF = Edouard Naville, Papyrus Funeraires de la XXIe Dynastie (Paris, 1912.) 

PSBA = Proceedings of the Society of Biblical Archeology (London.)

Rapp = Gouvernement Egyptien, Rapports sur la marche du Service des Antiquities, de 1899
              a 1910
(Cairo, 1912.)

REL =  Schiaparelli, Ernesto, Relazione sui lavori della Missione Archeologica Italiana in Egitto,  
              anni 1903-20.
(Turin, 1924-7.)

RdT = Racueil de travaux relatifs a la philologie et a l'archeologie 
            egyptiennes assyriennes
(Paris.)

RG = Ramesses The Great (Boston Museum of Science, 1988.)

RM = G. E. Smith, The Royal Mummies (Cairo, 1912.) (See online version at University of Chicago here.)

Rm = A. H. Sayce, Reminiscences (London, 1923.)

RNT = Elizabeth Thomas, The Royal Necropoleis of Thebes (Princeton, 1966.)

RP = B. Bruyere, Rapport preliminaire sur les fouilles de Deir el Medineh (Cairo, 1934.) 

RS = William C. Hayes, Royal Sarcophagi of the XVIII'th Dynasty (Princeton, 1935.) 

SAK = Studien zur altagyptischen Kultur (Hamburg.)

Sci = Science 

SoE = William C. Hayes, The Scepter of Egypt (New York, 1953-59.)

TBP = Morris Bierbrier, The Tomb Builders of the Pharaohs (Cairo, 1989.) 

TIP = K. A. Kitchen, The Third Intermediate Period (1100-650 B.C.) (Warminster, 1973.) 

ToT = Howard Carter and A. C. Mace, The Tomb of Tut-ankh-amen (London, 1923--1933.) 

ToQT = Theodore Davis, pub., The Tomb of Queen Tiye (London, 1910.)

ToYT= J. E. Quibell, The Tomb of Yuaa and Thuiu. Catalogue Général du Musée du Caire 
                                  51001-51191 (Cairo: IFAO, 1908.)                  

TR = T. E. Peet, The Great Tomb-Robberies of the Twentieth Egyptian Dynasty (Oxford, 1930.) 

TTAA = Joseph Linden Smith, Tombs, Temples, and Ancient Art (Norman 1956.) 

TTIV = Theodore Davis, The Tomb of Thoutmosis IV (London, 1904.) 

TVK = John Romer, The Valley of the Kings (William Morrow and Company, 1981.) 

WMSS = Unpublished papers of Arthur Weigall. Selected quotes taken from Reeves, The Valley of the Kings; the 
                 Decline of a Royal Necropolis
(Kegan Paul  International, 1990.) 

WN A = Wadi el-Nisr Tomb A 

WP = Wonders of the Past (Wise & Co., 1937.) 

XRA = J. E. Harris, An X-Ray Atlas of the Royal Mummies (Chicago, 1980.) 

XRP = J. E. Harris and Kent Weeks,  X-Raying the Pharaohs (New York, 1973.)