Wm. Max Miller,
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About Our Project
See what's new at the T. R. M. P.
Quickly Access Specific Mummies With Our
View mummies in the
Including the mummy identified as Queen Hatshepsut.
Including the mummy identified as Queen Tiye.
Featuring the controversial KV 55
mummy. Now with a revised reconstruction of ancient events in this perplexing
Featuring the mummies of Tutankhamen and his children.
Still in preparation.
Now including the
mummy identified as
21'st Dynasty Coffins from DB320
Examine the coffins
of 21'st Dynasty Theban Rulers.
Including the mummy identified as Tutankhamen's mother.
About the Dockets
Using this website for research papers
Links to Egyptology websites
Biographical Data about William Max Miller
The Treasures of Yuya and Tuyu
the funerary equipment of Queen Tiye's parents.
Raiders of KV 46
How thorough were the robbers who plundered the tomb of
Yuya and Tuyu? How many times was the tomb robbed, and what were the thieves
after? This study of post interment activity in KV 46 provides some answers.
Special KV 55 Section
Follow the trail of the missing treasures from mysterious KV 55.
55's Lost Objects: Where Are They Today?
The KV 55 Coffin Basin
and Gold Foil Sheets
Gold Foil at the Metropolitan
Mystery of the Missing Mummy Bands
See rare photographic plates of a great
discovery from Daressy's Fouilles de la Vallee des Rois.
Unknown Man E
Was he really
Tomb of Maihirpre
Learn about Victor Loret's
important discovery of this nearly intact tomb in the Valley of the Kings.
Who were the real tomb raiders?
What beliefs motivated their actions? A new perspective on the ancient practice
of tomb robbing.
Spend a Night
with the Royal Mummies
Read Pierre Loti's eerie account of
his nocturnal visit to the Egyptian Museum's Hall of Mummies.
Audience With Amenophis II Journey
once more with Pierre Loti as he explores the shadowy chambers of KV 35 in the
Most of the images on this website have been
scanned from books, all of which are given explicit credit and, wherever
possible, a link to a dealer where they may be purchased. Some images derive
from other websites. These websites are also acknowledged in writing and by
being given a link, either to the page or file where the images appear, or to
the main page of the source website. Images forwarded to me by individuals who
do not supply the original image source are credited to the sender. All written
material deriving from other sources is explicitly credited to its author.
Feel free to use material from the Theban Royal Mummy Project website.
No prior written permission is required. Just please follow the same guidelines
which I employ when using the works of other researchers, and give the Theban
Royal Mummy Project proper credit on your own papers, articles, or
This website is constantly developing and contributions
of data from other researchers are welcomed.
Contact The Theban Royal Mummy Project at:
Background Image: Wall scene from the tomb of Ramesses II (KV 7.) From Karl
Richard Lepsius, Denkmäler (Berlin: 1849-1859.)
Now Updated and Revised
The Theban Royal Mummy Project enters its 20’th year online with repaired links and the addition of new data to the entries for certain mummies incorporating more recent information obtained through the use of CT scans and DNA testing. This is especially relevant for mummies of the Amarna period and you will see that the entries for Queen Tiye, the KV 35 Younger Lady and the KV55 Mummy (Akhenaten? Smenkhkare?) now have updated information. Mummies from other periods have also received long-overdue attention. The entry for Unknown Woman D and The Mummy on the Boat, both from KV35, are now completed.
Our special section devoted to the 21’st Dynasty coffins from DB320 has been completely revised and is now accessible from the menu bar on the left-hand side of our pages. This special section now incorporates data from the research of Kara Cooney, Carrie Arbuckle MacLeod, Rogerio Sousa, Edward Loring, Erhart Graefe, and Andrzej Niwinski. Details are given concerning stylistic features of the coffins that convey information about the social status and gender of their owners and also serve as date-indicators that help to place the coffins in their proper developmental sequence. I am especially grateful to Kara Cooney, Kate Fulcher, and Rogerio Sousa who corresponded with me and shared their insights concerning the oddly blackened coffins of Nestanebtishru.
New banners (created by using decorative elements from the coffins of Tayuheret, Masaharta and Neskhons) appear at the tops of the pages. Many recent color images of mummies have also been added to the mummy galleries to make them more visually informative. This website was originally designed back in the days of the dial-up modem when too many images on a page slowed down its opening speed to a snail's pace. High speed internet has eliminated this problem, and you will now find larger, clearer and more numerous images (many in color) throughout this site. As always, your comments on these changes are welcomed.
---William Max Miller, January 1, 2020
Don't Miss Our Other
The Lost Treasures of KV55:
Where Are They Today?
Valley guard stands in front of the entrance to KV
55 (lower right.)
Photo from Arthur Weigall's The Glory of the Pharaohs (London,
facing page 136.
Over a century after its discovery by Theodore Davis in 1907, KV55 continues to raise intriguing questions. An especially tantalizing mystery associated with this controversial tomb concerns the fate of the various objects stolen from it by workers during its clearance. Over the years, some of these priceless relics of the Amarna period have resurfaced. Others, however, remain elusive. It is possible to trace their movements through the hands of various collectors up to a certain point, and then the trail abruptly ends. In this special feature, some of the more rewarding trails are charted. They lead the traveler through a strange world of antiquities dealers, secretive collectors, old diaries, forgotten museum ledgers, and elite auctions.
The Treasures of Yuya and Tuyu
Photo composite of the Yuya & Tuyu exhibit at the Museum
by Flickr member yacielcruz.
Before the discovery of Tutankhamen's opulent treasures, the tomb of Yuya and Tuyu was one of the most important burials to be found in the Valley of the Kings. Discovered on February 5'th, 1905, by James Quibell and Theodore M. Davis, the tomb (designated KV 46) contained one of the most complete and beautifully made sets of funerary equipment then known. Learn about these incredible discoveries in our special feature.
Tomb Raiders of KV 46!
Face of Tuyu's innermost coffin.
Photo credit: Flickr member Hans Ollermann.
All the published accounts concerning KV
46 as it was discovered are examined in this detailed analysis, and reconstructions of events in
the tomb that were formulated by the excavators, as well as the one
provided by C. N. Reeves, are evaluated. A whole new reconstruction of
events in KV 46 is then presented which is based on a close study of
Joseph Lindon Smith's diagram of the burial chamber. Through examining the
diagram, certain facts emerge which seem to have been overlooked
concerning the disposition of the objects in the burial chamber which
supply important information regarding the number of robberies that
actually occurred in the tomb.
I originally entitled the study "Post Interment Activity in
KV 46," but my son, Max, argued that this sounded too dry and technical!
In order to attract more "hits" from net surfers, he suggested that I call
it the more appealing "Tomb Raiders of KV 46." I've followed his advice
and the paper now appears bearing the more dramatic title.
NOTE: 7/25/20--This analysis of KV 46 has now been revised by the addition of information kindly provided to me by Dr. Marc Gabolde concerning two of the seal impressions discovered in the tomb. I would like to thank Dr. Gabolde for sharing his interpretation of these particular seal impressions and for giving me permission to incorporate it within this paper.
Recent News From Egypt
The Search for Cleopatra's Tomb Continues
Mummy discovery at Taposiris Magna
rekindles hope that lost tomb of Cleopatra VII
may be hidden nearby.
Learn More Here
Mummy Discovery at Draa Abul Naga
17'th Dynasty female mummy discovered laden
with rings, necklaces, and other valuable objects.
Learn More Here
Ancient Box Provides Clue to
Possible Location of Lost Tomb
Andrejz Niwiński discovers hidden box that
may point to the location of the lost tomb
of Tuthmosis II.
Read About The Discovery Here
Twenty Intact Coffins Discovered near Luxor
10/15/19--The Ministry of Antiquities just announced that twenty ancient Egyptian coffins have been discovered at the Al-Asasif Necropolis on the Nile's West Bank near Luxor. The coffins, described as intact and sealed, are especially well-preserved and several photographs online show that some of them contain mummies. An examination of the stylistic features of the two coffins shown in the upper half of the photo above reveals some information not given in the tersely worded news announcement put out by the Ministry of Antiquities. Both coffins are covered with an abundance of symbolic motifs and vignettes depicting deities. The hands on the lid of the nearest coffin are clenched, the headdress is striped, and the face is depicted with ears, all features that indicate this coffin was made for a male. The face carved and painted on the coffin next to it does not include ears and the hands on the lid are made with the fingers fully extended, showing that this coffin belonged to a female. No information has yet been given concerning the dates from which these coffins derive. However, both coffins have funerary collars that extend far below the hands and into the midsections of the lids, and both display orange colored stola (i.e., crossed "mummy braces") which run between and below the hands across the lower sections of the collars. These stylistic elements place the two horizontal coffins in the photograph above within the late 21'st or early 22'nd Dynasty date-range. Read news story here .
10/20/19--The Ministry of Antiquities has provided more information about the exciting discovery at Al-Asasif. The reports now say that thirty well-preserved coffins of men, women and children have been found. They have been dated to the 22'nd Dynasty and are believed to contain family members of the Priests of Amun who held political control of Upper Egypt at that time. See the latest news story here for more details and numerous photographs.
Tutankhamen's Outer Coffin Restored
The gilded wooden outermost coffin of Tutankhamen
is receiving long-needed conservation.
Learn About the Conservation Work Here
Is This Actually the Face of Nefertiti?
Forensic reconstruction of KV35 mummy
Learn About this Reconstruction Here