Oliver's Site

11. Rome ( - B. C. - A. D. 96)














Table of Contents | 1. Earth | 2. The Origin of Life and Evolution of Man | 3. Civilisation | 4. Fertile Crescent | 5. Egypt | 6. Indus Valley | 7. Yellow River (Haung He/Huang Ho) | 8. Hittites, Canaanites, Phoenicians, Assyrians | 9. New World (B. C./Pre-Columban) | 10. Greeks and Persians | 11. Rome ( - B. C. - A. D. 96) | 12. Saul of Tarsus | 13. Rome ( - A. D. 275) | 14. Rome and Byzantium (Nova Roma) | 15. Islam | 16. Charlemagne | 17. Vikings | 18. Turks, Crusaders, Mongols, Moors, Explorers and Conquistadors | 19. Reformation, Enlightenment (1300s -1700s) | 20. Mid-1700s - early 1900s | 21. The Great War | 22. Inter-War Years | 23. The War in Europe and Africa | 24. Second World War | 25. War in the Pacific | 26. Defeating the Axis in Europe and Africa | 27. End of Japanese Imperialism | 28. Ending the War | 29. Conquest of Space | 30. Averting Nuclear War | 31. End of Empire | 32. Man on the Moon | 33. Arms Race and Limitation | 34. Lifting the Iron Curtain | 35. Outer Space | 37. | 42.





Continued from previous page, 10.Greeks and Persians

 
 
 
 
In Plain Sight
 
" . . . the future of the past."
 
Gregory Heyworth
 
TED
 
U. of Mississippi, Oxford. Mississippi
 
Sub-titles included
 
 
 
 
 
--------------
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

Italy

 

 

Why study Rome?

 

 

 

History of Ancient Rome

 

48-lecture course by Garret Fagan, Penn State

 

Produced by The Great Courses (formerly The Teaching Company)

 

Advertisement:

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qPWmDfG0vjY

 

Lecture # 1. Introduction

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qo7hLV1LHK8

 

 

 

 

 

Introduction to Italy

 

Lecture by Cyril Robinson

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L13DR9woUSA

 

 

 

                 ------------

 

 

 
 
 
 

 

Etruscans, Greeks and Latins

 

 

 

 

 

Greeks in Italy

 

Magna Graecia

 

Greek Cities in Italy

 

Alert icon
 
Sicily
 
Greek Legacy in the West
 
Episode from the documentary series Secrets of Archeology
 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wWtDzafUxa4

 

or

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wWtDzafUxa4

 

or

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Utv6YzdalRY

 

or

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6uWFHiCCkY8

 

Or in 3 clips:

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UI-P2DzEO3w&feature=related 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s7B3CcasTWM 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aaEsGHS5Rqo 

 

 

                               -------------------------------

 

 

 

 

 

 

Etruscans

 

 

Etruria (Tuscany), Latium, Alba Longa, Rome

 

 

 

Rome  -  Power and Glory

 

Documentary

Excerpts

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NWudBCYO8ZE

All 3 episodes (2 hrs. 38 min. 16 sec.)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MEMMNnM6rRc

 

Etruscans

Glory Before Rome

Episode from the documentary series Secrets in the Dust

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GtUUtEnXqlo

 

Genetics   -   Etruscan DNA

Phil Perkins

(2 parts)

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OEt1b0Zazfo

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mSYa0NZI2rw&feature=related

 

Pre-Roman Italy and the Etruscans

 

Lecture # 3 by Garrett Fagan from History of Ancient Rome

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?

v=30jlBr9wJe8&feature=relmfu

 

 

The Etruscans and Rome

Lecture by Cyril Robinson (audio only)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sBQD8_5SPE4

 
The Dawn of the Etruscans
 
Aspects and Evidences of the Villanovan Culture
 
Documentary (25:51)
 
 
 
 

The Legacy of the Etruscans

 

A lecture by Gary Biltcliffe on ancient Pelasgian and Etruscan connections with Britain, megalithic stonework, lost cities, city-state society of Archaic Europe.

 

Uploaded in 2015

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_5kBLqQQf9g

 
Another lecture
 
Uploaded in 2015
 
 
 
 
The Etruscans
 
540 B. C. 
 
 
EtruscanTemple.jpg
Model of Etruscan temple            
Source: Internet artists
 
 
 
A Place called Etruria
 
Episode about the Etruscans from the documentary series Secrets of Archeology
 
 
 
 
Tuscan column
 
 
 
The Etruscans
 
Legacy of a Lost Civilization

or

Enigma of the Etruscans

Documentary

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9h_uisjfm7I

or

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RJrT7qzU2iQ&feature=related 

 

Model of Etruscan temple

 

The Merry Etruscans

Documentary film about Etruscan paintings and music

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TkWWM1F72Fc&feature=related

 

Etruscans  -  The Ancient Centers of Lazio

Museum exhibit of Etruscan artefacts from ancient Latium

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CpFRDWTV6U0&feature=related

 

The Etruscan Civilization 

Discussion on the weekly BBC redio programme In Our Time hosted by Melvyn Bragg

29 August 2011

BBC:

http://castroller.com/Podcasts/InOurTime2/2610841

You Tube:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xl9jznPyE78

 

Les Etrusques

Un voyage interrompu

Documentaire en français

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ofSgm6foqlk

 

La dernière cité des Etrusques

Documentaire 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=axeY8O_BN8k

 

Larthi, femme étrusque

Documentaire

1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4PLeijL7xbI

2. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4kKu_BWOq5k

 

Archeological evidence indicates that the hills about Rome were inhabited by Etruscans   -   or people heavily influenced by the Etruscans   -   by 800 B. C.

 

 

                 ----------------------

 

 

 
 
 
 
Roman Gods
 
 
The Romans 
 
Episode from  the documentary series The Lost Gods (25:17)
 
 
 
Top 10 Gods and Goddesses of Roman Mythology
 
 
 
 
                       -------------------------
 
 
 

 

The Legendary Origins of Rome

The Trojans pull the wooden horse built and left by the departed Greeks into the city of Troy 

 

The Trojan War

As the Greeks sacked and burned the city of Troy, the Trojan prince Aeneas fled, taking with him his father, Anchises, and his son, Ascanius (Iulus/Julus/Ascanius Julius).    

 

Aeneas rescuing his Father from the burning City of Troy by Pieter Schoubroeck

 

  

Departure of Aeneas from Troy   -   painting by Lionelle Spapa in 1615

 

Aeneas carrying his father, Anchises, and followed by his son, Ascanius, fleeing Troy   -   painting by Federico Barocci, 1596

 

 

Latium and the Latins

Latium (in red)

 

After years at sea, Aeneas and the Trojans landed in Latium on the Tyrrhenian Coast of the Italian Peninsula. They were challenged by the local inhabitants   -   the tribes of the Latins (Latini) and the Rutuli and the Etruscans.

 

Aeneas defeats Turnus, painting by Luca Giordano (1634–1705). Turnus was the leader of the Rutuli. The Rutuli opposed the the settling of Trojans in Latium. Aeneas and Turnus vied for the daughter of the king of the Latins.

 

The Trojans prevailed. Aeneas married Lavinia, the daughter of Latinus, king of the Latins, and founded the port of Lavinium in Latium.   

 

There is archaeological evidence that Aeneas was revered in Lavinium in Latium in the 300s B. C.

 

 

Aeneas and the Trojans settle in Latium

 

 

Latium (center)

 

 

Lavinium (center, left)

 

The Legend of Aeneas

In Homeric legend, Aeneas was a cousin of Hector, son of King Priam of Troy. Aeneas fought with the Trojans against the Greeks at Troy.

In other accounts, Aeneas fled Troy as it fell and lead osurviving Trojans to Italy, where they settled in Latium with the consent of its king. Aeneas founded the city of Lavinium in Latium.

There is archeological evidence of the legend of Aeneas in Greece in the 500s B. C. and of a Trojan legend in southern Italy in the 300s B. C.

 

The Legend of Aeneas

Movie with Steeve Reeves (1962) (1:35:25)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YM6h31_9KQU

or as

The Avenger

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dkVscfXq0s8

 

                         ------------------------------- 

 

 

Alba Longa founded by Ascanius, son of Aeneas

Aeneas, his son Ascanius and the white sow on the future site of Alba Longa

 

Alba Longa and the Lago Albono

 

As Lavinium expanded, Ascanius founded a second city, Alba Longa, between the Alban Mount and the Alban Lake.  

 

Numitor, KIng of Alba Longa

Numitor's brother, Amulius, seizes the throne and kills Numitor's sons

Amulius makes Rhea Silvia, daughter of Numitor, a vestal virgin so she will not have any descendants

Rhea Silvia is impregnated by the god Mars and has twin sons

 

 

                     -------------------------

 

 

Romulus and Remus

The Founders of Rome 

Numitor orders Rhea Silvia's twin sons tossed into a river.

The twins are rescued and suckled by a she-wolf.

Wolf nursing Romulus and Remus (twins added to exhibit in the Renaissance)

 

A shepherd, Faustulus, finds the twins and takes them home to his wife.

pic 

When the twins are of age they are reunited with Numitor. They kill Amulius and restore Numitor as king of Alba Longa. 

 

The Founding of Rome

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FswOp5tq54M

 

Romulus & Remus

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wA1D9wd29jI&feature=related

 

Myths and Legends of the Founding of Rome

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jToagTve4hs&feature=related

 

Duel of the Titans

1963 movie preview

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hFH0ToMDnM4&feature=related

 

The twins Romulus and Remus strike out on their own, leave Alba Longa and found a new city by the Tiber.

 

Romulus et Remus

1962 movie with Steve Reeves dubbed in French

 
 
Romulus and Remus
 
Discussion on the weekly BBC radio programme In Our Time hosted by Melvyn Bragg
 
23 January 2013
 
 
 

Timeline: 753 BC - AD 300

 

The Foundation of Rome

Lecture # 4 by Garrett Fagan from the course History of Ancient Rome

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ngRmn9H5AyU&feature=relmfu

 

The seven hills of Rome. (In fact, there are more than seven hills.)

 

The Seven Hills of Rome

 

Introduction

Episode 1 of Digging History

 

American Institute of Roman Culture

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zzQ2SK9Oww8

 

Sources  

Episode 2 of Digging History

American Institute of Roman Culture

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YfFm7SQqcFc

 

The Geology of Rome

Episode 3 of Digging History

American Institute of Roman Culture

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xUg4nLGmPJQ


Palatine Hill

Ancient Rome Live

American Institute for Roman Culture

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7bGaBg-SbYI
 

 


Model of early Roman hut in the Museo della Civilta, Rome

 

It takes a City:

The Founding of Rome and the Beginnings of Urbanism in Italy

Lecture # 2, about the archeological ruins of early Rome, by Diana Kleiner in the 24-lecture course Roman Architecture (HSAR 252), Yale U., Spring 2009

1. Romulus Founds Rome; early Roman huts; Etruscan Temple of Jupiter OMC   

2. Defensive stone walls and regular town planning

3. Early Republican architecture

4. The Hellenization of Late Republican temple architecture

5. The advent of the Corinthian Order

You Tube:
 
 
Yale U:
 
 
 
 
For course introduction:
 

 

                    -----------

 

Regal Period

753 to 509 B. C.

 

The Seven Kings of Rome

Main sources of details about the period are Livy (64/59 BC - AD 17) and Plutarch (46 - AD 120)

 

                  Latin and Sabine kings

1. Romulus

2. Numa Pompilius

3. Tullus Hostilius

4. Ancus Marcius

                  Etruscan king

5. Tarquin the Elder (the First Tarquin)

                  Of unknown origin

6. Servius Tullius

                  Etruscan king

7. Tarquin the Proud

  

A comic explanation

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sQqRBdC3JTY 

 

The Kings of Rome

Lecture # 5 by Garrett Fagan from History of Ancient Rome

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YEFH9HqWJOw&feature=relmfu

 

Regal Society

Lecture # 6 by Garrett Fagan of Penn State U. from the 48-lecture course, History of Ancient Rome

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B7A5hAOafCQ&feature=relmfu

 

The Regal Period

Episode 8 of the series Digging History

American Institute for Roman Culture

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xJMfu9pRyao 

 
 
 

                                      --------------------------

 

Romulus

First king of Rome (753 - 715 BC)

A Latin; a descendant of the Trojan Aeneas (and thus descended also from Venus and, through his mother, Rhea Silvia), from Mars)); from the settlement of Alba Longa

- Founded Rome on the Palatine Hill

- Built Rome's first city wall and later expanded the city limits

- Established Rome's Senate

- Stole wives from a neighboring tribe, the Sabines, because the Romans had none, causing a war between the two tribes but eventually uniting them   

- Married Horsilia, a daughter of King Titus Tatius of the Sabines; persuaded King Tatius to move to Rome and rule Rome jointly with him

Vanished in a storm by the Tiber and became the god Quirinus.

 

The Rape of the Sabine Women

Romans seize Sabine women

 

Intervention of the Sabine Women

Horsilia, daughter of King Titus Tatius of the Sabines, steps between Romulus and Tatius and persuades the Romans and Sabines to stop fighting

 

                        -----------------------------

 

Numa Pompilius

Second king (716/5 - 673 BC)

A Sabine, married Tatia, only daughter of the Sabine king Titus Tatius

- Introduced civilization and culture to Rome

- Brought the cult of Vesta to Rome

- Established religious institutions and created priesthoods, including the pontifex maximus

- Built the temple to the god Janus

- Instituted the lunar calendar, with 360 days divided into 12 months, adding two months, January and February

 

                     --------------------------------

 

Tullus Hostilius (The Agressor)

Third king (673 - 642/1 BC)

A Latin

- Expanded Rome

- Destroyed Alba Longa and resettled its inhabitants on the Caelian Hill of Rome

- Defeated neighboring tribes, including the Sabines and Veii

- Built senate house

Killed by Jupiter with a bolt of lightning

 

Horatii

The Oath of the Horatii (painting by David)

Instead of entering into battle, Rome and Alba Longa agreed that three Roman brothers, from the Horatii family, and three Alba Longan brothers, would fight it out. The Horatii won, killing the three Alba Longan brothers, but the Alba Longans  reneged on their agreement and the Romans had to conquer Alba Longa through war, destroy the city and resettle its inhabitants in Rome.       

 

                                ---------------------------------

 

Ancus Marcius

 

Fourth king (642/1 - 617/616 BC)

A Sabine, grandson of King Numa Pompilius and son of Numa's daughter, Pompania 

- Vanquished neighboring tribes, including the Old Latins (Prisci Latini) and the Sabines; resettled the conquered Latins on the Terentine Hill

- Added Aventine and Janiculan hills to Rome

- Built the first bridge in Rome, made of wood, over the Tiber

- Built Rome's first prison, the Mamertine 

- Built the first aqueduct to Rome (Archeologists believe the first aqueduct to Rome was actually built in 312 BC.) 

- Founded Roman colonies

- Founded Rome's port of Ostia (Ostia Antica)

 

                                  ------------------------------------------

 

 

Tarquinius Priscus

(Tarquin the Elder)

Fifth king (617/616 - 579 BC)

Lucumo, a Greek from Corinth   -   or of Greek parents from Corinth   -   in the Etruscan city of Tarquinii; married Tanaquil, an Etruscan from Tanquinii; moved to Rome and took the name of Lucius Tarquin

- Conquered numerous cities in Latium and Etruria

- Drained marshlands of Rome

- Built the world's first sewage system, Rome's main sewer, the Cloaca Maxima ("great sewer")

- Began construction of the Temple of Jupiter on the Capitoline Hill (Jupiter OMC) and the Circus Maximus

- Enlarged the senate

Assassinated by sons of Ancus Marcius

 

Cloaca Maxima

 

Video about the Cloaca Maxima

Excerpt from The Rise of Rome from the series Cities of the Underworld

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DEeQPZONYSU

 

 

 --------------------------------------

 

 

Servius Tullius

Sixth king (578/9 - 534/5 BC)

Of unknown origin, perhaps Etruscan; protege of Tarquin's wife, Tanaquil, who made him regent after Tarquin's assassination, claiming that Tarquin had only been wounded and was recovering; married the daughter of Tarquin and Tanaquil

- Defeated the Etruscans of Veii

- Included the Quirinal, Viminal and Esquiline hills in Rome

- Built a wall and moat around Rome (This is actually the later Servian Wall, built in the 4th century B. C.)

- Built the Temple of Diana

- Introduced coinage to reform bartering

- Instituted a census to facilitate voting in elections

Murdered by his daughter and son-in-law, Tarquin Superbus

 

The seven hills of Rome and the Servian Wall

 
Servian Wall
 
Ancient Rome Live
 
American Institute for Roman Culture
 

 

Servian Wall on map compared with later Aurelian wall

Servian wall, said to have been built during the Republic after the sack of Rome by the Gauls in the in the 300s BC

 
 

 

                                      ------------------------------------------

 

Lucius Tarquinius Superbus

(Tarquin the Proud)

7th and last king of Rome (535/4 - 509 BC)

Son or grandson of Tarquin the Elder

- Reformed the Latin League with Rome as its leader 

- Defeated the Volscians

- Captured Gabii

- Completed Jupiter OMC

- Improved the Cloaca Maxima

- A notorious tyrant, he condemned rivals to death, repealed reforms and relied on forced labor

 

Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus

Computer image of a reproduction of Jupiter OMC

Model of a reproduction of Jupiter OMC

Plan of Jupiter OMC

Sketch of the Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus on the Capitolium (Jupiter OMC), one of the two peaks of the Capitoline Hill. The temple was dedicated to the Capitoline Triad   -   Jupiter, Juno and Minerva. King Tarquinius Priscus founded the temple and the last king of Rome, Tarquinius Superbus, completed it in 509 B. C. 

 

The Capitoline Triad with Jupiter, centre; Juno, right; and Minerva, left. The statues were produced during the reign of the emperor Vespasian and were excavated in the town of Pompey

 

Temple of Jupiter OMC

Description

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CJyzBH6JF8U

Tour 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XzoSzTAlcrM

Description

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UZIA9OyAuYo

 

Capitoline Hill

Ancient Rome Live

American Institute for Roman Culture

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pgVd97o3NDE

 

The Story of Juno

From the series Roman Mythology

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k8VhhJJVJdM 

 

The Story of Minerva

From the series Roman Mythology

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VD9nrwBpEqg

 

It Takes a City:

The Founding of Rome and the Beginnings of Urbanism in Italy

Lecture 2 of the course Roman Architecture by Diane Kleiner at Yale U. in the Spring semester of 2009 

Go to the 10:05 mark for Jupiter OMC

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n1Z57PzuQ1o

 

 

The end of the Kings

 

Tarquin's son, Sextus Tarquinius, raped a married noblewoman, Lucretia, wife of Lucius Tarquinius Collatinus.

Lucretia killed herself in anguish afterwards, provoking an outrage from the Romans.

Led by Brutus, a nephew of Tarquin, the Romans abolished the monarchy and sent Tarquin into exile.

Tarquin failed to retake Rome with the help of Etruscan armies and the Latin League and died in exile in the town of Cumae in Campania many yeras later.  

 

The Rape of Lucretia

Lucretia raped by Sextus Tarquinius, son of the last King of Rome, Tarquin the Proud, painted by Felice Ficherelli (1603 - 1660) - The Rape of Lucretia

Gavin Hamilton - The Death of Lucretia

The Death of Lucretia (1763 - 1767) by Gavin Hamilton (1723 - 1798)

 

"To Paint the Way the Spartans Spoke"

Gavin Hamilton's The Death of Lucretia

Lecture # 6 of 12 from the series Let This be a Lesson: Heroes, Heroines and Narrative in Paintings, by John Walsh, Yale U. Art Gallery (2013)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d99en9PQU5s

or Yale U.:

http://artgallery.yale.edu/education/lesson/lecture-6

 

                                   --------------------------------------

 

 

Brutus

Lucius Junius Brutus: Overthrew the Roman King Lucius Tarquinus Superbus and founded the Roman Republic.  First person elected as consul of the Roman Republic.  Died in battle against a counterrevolution led by the former King Tarquinus in 509 BC.  Bust is currently on display at the Capitoline Museum in Rome.

Ancient bust believed to be that of Lucius Iunius Brutus (545 - 509 B. C.)

Son of Tarquin's sister; Tarquin's second-in-command

- Led the revolt against King Tarquin; abolished the monarchy; expelled the Tarquins from Rome; founded the system of consulship

- First annual magistrate (consul) of the republic with Lucius Tarquinius Collatinus as his colleague

Killed in battle against the Etruscans (509 BC)

 
 
pic: defense of Rome

pic: the sons of Brutus

 

                                    ----------------------------------------

 

 

 

The Republic

 

 

509 B. C.  -  31 B. C.

 

    Senatus Populusque Romanus 

     (The Senate and People of Rome)

 

Beginnings of the Republic

 

Lecture # 8 by Garrett Fagan of Penn State U. from the 48-lecture course, History of Ancient Rome

 

(Removed from You Tube)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tQt3uIak288&feature=relmfu

 

The Roman Republic

Lecture # 2 of 36 from the course Emperors of Rome by Garrett Fagan

The Great Courses

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b3zwxJn8o9E

 

A comic explanation

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bg2MT_FhGYs&feature=related

 

Roman Republic

Lecture from a world history college class

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wd1lvu1agaI

 

Roman Republic 

Discussion on the weekly BBC radio programme In Our Time hosted by Melvyn Bragg

http://www.bbc.co.uk/podcasts/series/ioth/all#playepisode77

 

Roman Expansion in Italy

Romans conquer the Latins, Samnites and Greeks to control Italy 

Lecture # 9 by Garrett Fagan of Penn State U. from the 48-lecture course, History of Ancient Rome

 

(Removed from You Tube)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yvItGCxck4c&feature=relmfu

 

 

The Roman Confederation in Italy

Lecture # 10 by Garrett Fagan of Penn State U. from the 48-lecture course, History of Ancient Rome

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qt10biCefE4&feature=relmfu

 

Cincinatus

Envoys of the Senate offer the Dictatorship to Cincinnatus by Alexandre Cabanel (1844)

  

The Story of Cincinnatus

# 24 of Fifty Famous Stories Retold

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5S-GT2_TRec

 

The Story of Cincinnatus

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=71eY67Ht4Lo

 

 

              -----------------------

 

 

The Sack of Rome by the Celts

390 B. C.

 

 

Italy ca. 400 B. C.

 

Le Brenn et sa part de butin (Brennus and his Share of the Spoils, also known as Spoils of the Battle), by Paul Jamin, (1893). Brennus, leader of the Celts, looks upon Roman hostages after the Celts sacked Rome

 

Invasion by the Gauls

Comic description

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V6lpUKsxhrM

 

The Celts

Blood, Iron and Sacrifice
 
Part 1 of 3-part 2015 BBC documentary with Neil Oliver and Alice Roberts
 
To the sack of Rome by Brennus
 
 
 
 
The Celts
 
Discussion on the weekly Thursday BBC radio programme In Our Time hosted by Melvyn Bragg
 
With guests Barry Cunliffe, Alistair Moffat and
Miranda Aldhouse Green
 
21 February 2002
 
 
or
 

 

                       -----------

 

Ancient People of the Toga -

Etruscans, Early Rome

Lecture # 26 by Gregory Aldrete from the course History of the Ancient World

(Removed from You Tube)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bT5xh_1Z5g8&feature=relmfu

 

The International Scene on the Eve of Roman Expansion

Lecture # 11 by Garrett Fagan of Penn State U. from the 48-lecture course, History of Ancient Rome

 

(Removed from You Tube)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kVTzAw0ES-g&feature=relmfu

 

Pyrrhus of Epirus, the Fool of Hope

Heroes of History

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=waRjfawaZ8Y

 

Pyrrhus (of Epirus)

King of Epirus and Macedonia (318 B. C.  -  272 B. C.), invaded southern Italy in 280 B. C.

Lecture # 23 of 24 of the course Famous Romans by J. Rufus Fears

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CTKDetp_rqA

or

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3o9WCCMp5Z4

 

King Epirus  -  Pyrrhic War  -  Pyrrhic victory

'Pyrrhic victory':

- a victory in battle that is so costly that it places the victor at a disadvantage in the war; 'hollow victory'. 

Reference is to the complaint of Epirus after defeating the Romans in a battle during the Pyrrhic War (between the Romans and the invading Greeks  from 280 BC to 275 BC

 

Rome  -  the Power and the Glory

Documentary about Rome from the Etruscans to the eve of the Punic Wars

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=neW7_ckpME4

 

 

---------------

 

 

Polybius

ca. 200 - 118 B. C.

Polybius of Megalopolis is the author of the The Histories, covering the period from 264 BC to 146 BC and the oldest historical work about Rome to have survived. Polybius described the rise of Rome to its dominance of the Mediterranean.

 

Polybius Square

 

 

The Histories

Introducing The Histories by Polybius

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5lvFOB4Yy80 

 

 

--------------

 

 

Phoenicians

 - Carthage

Carthage. ruler of the Mediterranean, challenged by Rome

 

 

 

Carthage Today

 

 

Histoire des Berbères

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0dTMrZoHbmo

 

 

Brief intro

 

Phoenicians found Carthage

 

Short excerpts from a documentary  

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dxbWtzCOxv8&feature=related

 

 

Carthage was founded by Pheonecians from the city of Tyre   -   Tyrians   -   in 814 BC

 

 

Carthage

   the Punic Wars

      Hamilcar

         and Hannibal 

 

 

Carthage

 

Episode from the documentary series Engineering an Empire with Peter Weller

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HetYXwtCCho

 

or in 4 clips

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sqthewMUkXg&feature=related

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nPghZ8fEHIo&feature=related

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tE8ta8qN14g&feature=related

 

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DMQ6LPXh4mo&feature=related

 

 

 

The Punic Wars

 

 

The First Punic War

 

Hamilcar Barca and the First Punic War

(or the First Carthaginian War)

 

264 B. C.  –  241 B. C.

 

 

Hamilcar Barca

 

 

Carthage and the First Punic War

 

Lecture # 12 by Garrett Fagan of Penn State U. from the 48-lecture course, History of Ancient Rome

 

(Removed from You Tube)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TO_ku6wPBqo&feature=relmfu

 

 

                     --------------

 

 

 

The Second Punic War

 

Hannibal Barca, son of Hamilcar Barca ( - 183 BC)

 

 

Hannibal Barca and the Second Punic War (or Second Carthaginian War)

 

219 / 218 B. C.  –   204 - 201 B. C.

 

 

Intro:

 

Short excerpts from a documentary

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NhlCCV5a-58&feature=related

 

 

The Second Punic (or Hannibalic) War

 

Lecture # 13 by Garrett Fagan of Penn State U. from the 48-lecture course, History of Ancient Rome 

 

(Removed from You Tube)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8cGvia9WKZA&feature=relmfu

 

 

Publius Cornelius Scipio

 

Roman Consul during the Second Punic War

 

Lecture # 1 of 24 by J. Rufus Fears from the course Famous Romans (The Teaching Company) 

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1H1FSrqXxfM

 

For all 24 lectures see:

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1H1FSrqXxfM&list=PLpXbTvMbzG8ygfjIa6mK0AKXzUT4QI0BM

 

For details about the course:

 

http://www.thegreatcourses.com/courses/famous-romans.html

 

 

The Second Punic War

 

1940 film short

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BPnJOITdS1g 

 

 

Hannibal

 

Rome's Worst Nightmare

 

BBC documentary (2006)

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J1BKxeKtieM

 

Or in 9 clips:

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wXnxdVcnqI0&feature=related

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ag_3IZ7KoCA&feature=related

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x8j0pb9Wh5U&feature=related

 

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JXv3q5qo1rU&feature=related

 

5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lqWUUmKwKE4

 

6. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZKw98Hs4sDk&feature=related

 

7. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5L4-wVksUE4&feature=related

 

8. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HehASmr20JQ&feature=related

 

9. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=st5it8brZJU&feature=related

 

 

 

The True Story of Hannibal

 

Documentary (2005)

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GJrShQRh8Ns

 

(8 clips)

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HbkTff_a0pc&feature=related

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PGK0TiHwieA&feature=related

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bFNGVSf7YNM&feature=related

 

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N4BpigN3ses&feature=related

 

5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2WOcW1uzFC0&feature=related

 

6. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VXynQJI8cws&feature=related

 

7. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TlOjKA2I_Wo&feature=related

 

8. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=61XzTbOArJQ&feature=related

 

 

Hannibal versus Rome 

 

Documentary (2005)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XmW3ZWILLwQ&feature=related 

 

 

Hannibal

 

Episode from the documentary series The Greatest Heroes in History

 

(3 clips)

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MwCRP32X3gY&feature=related

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bghkWs94ETc&feature=relmfu 

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=awOCQYs7Kqw&feature=relmfu

 

 

Hannibal

The Man, The Myth, The Mystery

Documentary

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9DQgvvNvOvA 

 

Hannibal

The Anihilator

Episode 1 of season 1 of the 2009 documentary series Battles BC

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WbcuzPlOcUw

 

Hannibal

The Man Who Hated Rome

Episode from the documentary series Timeline (75 min.)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2GH1c50zcYc

 

Romans defeat Hannibal Barca -

Battle of Zama

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u4F1GN9oCfE&feature=related

 

Hannibal

Discussion on weekly BBC radio programme In Our Time hosted by Melvyn Bragg, 11 October 2012

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b01n6s03

 

Hannibal Barca

Lecture # 2 of 24 from the course Famous Romans by J. Rufus Fears 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F-qY2DdYg98

 

Hannibal's Secret Weapon

 

Second Punic War

 

Lecture by Patrick Hunt at the U. of Penn Museum Great Battles lecture series (2013)  

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cX92qJOglq8

 

 

Gaius Flaminius Nepos

 

Lecture # 3 of 24 from the course Famous Romans by J. Rufus Fears

 

Gaius Flaminius Nepos was the Roman commander at the Battle of Lake Trasimene in 217 B. C.

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n0oZ-yrDX7M

 

 

Hannibal

 

1959 Hollywood movie made in Italy with Victor Mature as Hannibal

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sjdpxdrfi28

 

or

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1vAshGFoJAQ

 

 

Jupiter's Darling

 

Advertisement for 1955 Hollywood film with Esther Williams

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4MZ_9LMZnek

 

 

Cabiria

 

1914 silent Italian movie

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iJcb-bMgoCg

 

 

Quintus Fabius Maximus

 

Lecture # 4 of 24 from the course Famous Romans

 

To avoid disaster and conserve Roman armies, he preferred to dog Hannibal about Italy rather than confront him in battle

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i9otgmqJNwo

 

 

Scipio Africanus the Elder

 

Lecture # 5 of 24 from the course Famous Romans by J. Rufus Fears

 

Defeated Hannibal at the Battle of Zama in 202 B. C.

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OZpvmNizAUg

 

 

                        -------------

 

 

 

The Siege and Destruction of Carthage

 

"The Third Punic War" (or Third Carthaginian War)

 

149 B. C.  –  146 B. C.

 

 

Rome destroys Carthage

 

 

Rome's destruction of Carthage

 

A comic explanation: 

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ugmCvHQecjE

 

Rome destroys Carthage

Discussion on BBC's In Our Time hosted by Melvyn Bragg, February 12, 2009

http://www.bbc.co.uk/podcasts/series/ioth/all#playepisode40

 

Carthage - Roman Holocaust

 

Roman destruction of Carthage in 146 B. C.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mpaR6Sx3ZRg

 

 

Carthage in Flames

 

1960 Italian movie

 

In French:

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sHQhwIbxfQg

 

 

Scipio the Younger

 

Lecture # 6 of 24 from the course Famous Romans by J. Rufus Fears

 

Commanded Roman armies that besieged and destroyed Carthage in 146 B. C.

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iwhb0mWRvsU

 

 

 

Punic Wars & Roman Imperialism

 

Lecture # 27 by Gregory Aldrete from the course History of the Ancient World 

 

(Removed from You Tube)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KooAr0E2Cww&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

The Roman Empire in North Africa

 

Episode from the documentary series Lost Treasures of the Ancient World

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ilWq3CQJ13g

 

 

                     ------------

 

 

 

Rome conquers the Eastern Mediterranean

 

Rome conquers Greece, the Seleucids . . . and dominates the entire Mediterranean

 

Rome expands into the Eastern Mediterranean

 

- The Four Macedonian Wars

- Rome conquers the Seleucid Empire

 

 

Rome in the Eastern Mediterranean

 

Lecture # 14 by Garrett Fagan of Penn State U. from the 48-lecture course, History of Ancient Rome 

 

(Removed from You Tube)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b-QIIidLtqY&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

--------------

 

 

 

Rome and the Barbarians

 

Rome confronts the Germans 

 

Germanic tribes migrating south and west in the late 2nd cent. B.C.

 

 

The First Barbarian War

 

Episode # 1 of the documentary series Rome: Rise and Fall of an Empire

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JB732wBSTvw

 

Rise of Rome

Lecture by Eugen Weber from The Western Tradition

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gc3YSQ1L778

 

Roman Empire

Lecture by Eugen Weber from The Western Tradition (1986)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=trI8WF9djwk&feature=related

 

Explaining the Rise of the Roman Empire

Lecture # 15 by Garrett Fagan of Penn State U. from the 48-lecture course, History of Ancient Rome 

 

(Removed from You Tube)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CikVgHyv_OA&feature=relmfu

 

The Captured Conqueror - Rome and Hellenism

Lecture # 16 by Garrett Fagan of Penn State U. from the 48-lecture course, History of Ancient Rome 

(Removed from You Tube)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZhBpx-wUmCs&feature=relmfu

 

 

The Republic

Episode 9 of Digging Rome

American Institute for Roman Culture

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3YbwwnPz52g

 

 

The Late Republic

Episode 10 of Digging History

American Institute for Roman Culture

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jjcWkI66WDU

 

 

 

 

 

----------------- 

 

 

 

From Republic to Empire

 

From the death of Tiberius Gracchus in 133

B. C. to the Battle of Actium in 31 B. C.

 

 

 

The Gracchi

 

Brothers Gaius and Tiberius Gracchus

 

 

Tiberius Gracchus (163 - 133 BC) and Gaius Gracchus (154 - 121 BC)

 

 

Tiberius Gracchus

 

Documentary film from the Ancient Rome series

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1wODHnZ77iE&feature=relmfu

 

 

The Gracchi Brothers

 

Tiberius and Gaius

 

Lecture # 20 by Garrett Fagan of Penn State U. from the 48-lecture course, History of Ancient Rome 

 

(Removed from You Tube)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k1_p3890ncU&feature=relmfu

 

 

Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus

 

Lecture # 7 of 24 from the course Famous romans by J. Rufus Fears 

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BZnkPYIYrV8

 

 

-----------

 

 

 

 

Marius 

 

157 - 86 B. C. 

 

Marius

 

 

 

Marian Reforms

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CGct_5HjpPs&feature=related

 

 

Marius and Sulla

 

Lecture # 21 by Garrett Fagan of Penn State U. from the 48-lecture course, History of Ancient Rome

  

(Removed from You Tube)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A7_YC5bb1hg&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

---------------

 

 

 

Sulla

 

138 - 78 B. C.

 

 

Sulla

 

 

Sulla Rules

 

Lecture # 22 by Garrett Fagan of Penn State U. from the 48-lecture course, History of Ancient Rome

 

(Removed from You Tube)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bVJ4ZCFcbGQ&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

Sulla’s Reforms

 

 

Sulla's Reforms Undone

 

Lecture # 20 by Garrett Fagan of Penn State U. from the 48-lecture course, History of Ancient Rome 

 

(Removed from You Tube)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yARgbKYqUMk&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

----------------

 

 

 

Crassus

 

115 - 53 B. C.

 

Marcus Licinius Crassus

 

 

Crassus

 

Lecture # 8 of 24 from the course Famous Romans by J. Rufus Fears

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=geCAGDSfdZA

 

 

 

Revolt led by Spartacus

 

73  -   71 B. C.

 

 

Spartacus

 

Slaves revolt in Italy, 73 - 71 B. C.

 

Episode # 2 of Rome: Rise and Fall of an Empire series

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z0QPW-e327s&feature=related

 

 

 

Spartacus

 

Slaves revolt in Italy, 1st. cent. B. C.

 

Episode # 2 of Rome: Rise and Fall of an Empire series

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O0MGGgSoAdE

 

 

 

Spartacus

 

Slaves revolt in Italy, 1st. century B. C.

 

Episode # 2 of the documentary series Rome: Rise and Fall of an Empire

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z0QPW-e327s&feature=related

 

 

 

The Real Spartacus

 

Documentary 

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q1-xhoJQLHU

 

 

 

Spartacus

 

Behind the Myth

 

Documentary

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OWWy_nSgv8w

 

 

 

Spartacus

 

Episode from the documentary series Decisive Battles

 

The end of Spartacus

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VMn-Ty7bahg

 

 

 

Spartacus

 

1960 Hollywood movie with Laurence Olivier, Charles Laughton, Peter Ustinov and Jeanne Simmons

 

Advertisement

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HcIMY1Ah3aw

 

Entire movie

 

In English with narration in Polish (3:16:37)

 

https://www.cda.pl/video/56753794

 

 

Spartacus

 

Alain Decaux raconte

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9N4gk9-mlK8

 

 

Roman Slavery

 

Discussion on the weekly BBC radio programme In Our Time hosted by Melvyn Bragg

 

With guests Neville Morley, Ulrike Roth and Myles Lavan

 

5 April 2018

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b09xnl51

 

 

 

The First Triumvirate

 

60 -53 B. C.

 

 

 

 

Crassus, Pompey and Caesar

 

Lecture # 25 by Garrett Fagan of Penn State U. from the 48-lecture course, History of Ancient Rome 

 

(Removed from You Tube)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wat942EIfmw&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

Pompey and Crassus

 

Lecture # 24 by Garrett Fagan of Penn State U. from the 48-lecture course, History of Ancient Rome 

 

(Removed from You Tube)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JUjH7-fB7Qg&feature=relmfu

 

Battle of Carrhae (53 BC)

 

 

Persian Empire and the defeat of Rome

 

Documentary with ------, 4 clips

 

Defeat of Crassus in the Battle of Carrhae

 

53 BC

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qWdq_lHFX68&feature=relmfu

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DpfGSy-iZH8&feature=relmfu

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t_WqUbpRChU&feature=relmfu

 

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QxS6V3lc6vM

 

 

 

Battle of Carrhae

 

Crassus - Rich Man, Poor Man

 

Documentary from the Decisive Battles of the Ancient World series  

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BKdsTr33FmQ

 

or in 3 clips

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b61XHRfFQmk&feature=related

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oKQ2Abc55j8&feature=relmfu

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=69_Rc_EYlQA&feature=relmfu

             

 

 

                     ---------

 

 

 

Pompey the Great

 

106 - 48 B. C.

 

 

 

Pompey enters the Holy of Holies

 

Pompey in Jerusalem  63 BC

 

Excerpt from a movie

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eFF44BWe9VY

 

 

Pompey the Great

 

Lecture # 11 of 24 from the course Famous Romans by J. Rufus Fears

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f4IijZFCf54

 

 

Model of Pompey's Portico or Theatre. It was built by Pompey in 55 B. C. and was the first theatre in Rome. The theatre is on the right.

 

 

The Theatre of Pompey reconstructed in the above sketch

 

 

Animated 3-D Tour

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VCBo8lhwsE8

 

or, the same:

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3NNMv1gVJZk

 

 

From Greek to Roman Theater Architecture

 

Episode 4 of History of Theatre

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bRy6KmOvZfU

 

 

 

 

             ----------

 

 

 

 

Julius Caesar

 

100 B. C. - 44 B. C.

 

Coin of Gaius Julius Caesar, minted in 44 BC, inscribed CAESAR DICT[ator] QUART[us] (Caesar Dictator for fourth time)

 

Reverse side of a coin of Julius Caesar: Aeneas leaving Troy, carrying his father Anchises; Julius Caesar was descended through from Aeneas through Ascanius (a. k. a. Iulius) or Iulius (second son of Aeneas)

 

Statue found in the Rhone in

the city of Arles, France in 2007

believed to be that of Caesar

 

 

 

Mistaken Identities

 

How to Identify a Roman Emperor

 

Lecture by Mary Beard at Stanford U., 2011

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2-JelaK-bAA

 

 

 

Julius Caesar   -   Inventing an Image

 

Part 1 of six-part lecture series, The Twelve Caesars - Images of Power from Ancient Rome to Salvador Dali, by Mary Beard

 

60th A. W. Mellon Lectures in the Fine Arts

 

National Gallery of Art, Washington, D. C.

 

2011

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PAZ9uGh7PHk

 

 

 

Julius Caesar

 

Brief Biography

 

Audio (46:23)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xKgqMu2mmuI&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

Julius Caesar

 

Episode # 1 of 6 from the 2005 History Channel documentary series Julius Caesar's Rome narrated by Jack Perkins

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SDQWe12RhJ4

 

 

 

Julius Caesar

 

Episode # 3 of the documentary series Rome: Rise and Fall of an Empire 

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LqElPOyb-S4

 

 

 

Caesar conquers Gaul

 

Source: Undevicesimus

 

 

File:F07 Alesia, Statue Vercingetorix.0044.JPG

Vercingétorix Memorial in Alesia, France, erected by Emperor Napoléon III of France (Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte) in 1865

 

 

Vercingétorix (ca. 82 B. C.  -  46 B. C.), an Arverni tribal chief, tried to unite the Gauls against the invading Romans; he was defeated and captured by the Romans at the Battle of Alesia in 52 B. C. and executed in Rome in 46 B. C. 

 
 
 
The Celts
 
Blood, Iron and Sacrifice
 
Part 2 of 3-part 2015 BBC documentary with Neil Oliver and Alice Roberts
 
The Celts to Vercingtorix and the Battle of Alesia  in 52 BC 
 

 

 

Caesar

 

Super Siege

 

Episode from the documentary series Battles B. C.

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RnuynfwEKek

 

 

Gallic Wars by Caesar

 

Part 1. Description of Gaul (58 B. C.)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=snft290-FRc&feature=relmfu  

 

 

Caesar and Vercingetorix

 

Lecture # 10 of 24 from the course Famous Romans by J. Rufus Fears

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1XxJrUtgCoo

 

 

Julius Caesar's Greatest Battle

 

Documentary

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fuGoc5-dY8w

 

 

Ancient Mega-Fort

 

Episode from the documentary series Ancient Discoveries includes a sequence about the Battle of Alesia in 52 BC (2009)

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JzEfs2CI00A

 

 

Druids

 

2001 movie about Vercingetorix leader of the Gauls, and Julius Caesar, commander of the Roman legions in Gaul 

 

Preview

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6WeHTWQVVtA

 

Movie

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9gXenvlt3Y0

 

 

"The Domination of Caesar"

 

Lecture # 27 by Garrett Fagan of Penn State U. from the 48-lecture course, History of Ancient Rome 

 

(Removed from You Tube) 

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zaC7E5l0_bk&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

Gaius Julius Caesar

 

Lecture # 9 of 24 from the course Famous Romans by J. Rufus Fears

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tm0ub6QFFOI

 

 

 

Barbarians against Rome

Episode # 1 of the documentary series The Germanic Tribes

From Caesar's confrontation with Ariovistus and the Suebi to the Cherusci and Arminius

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kvTRUI05hU8

 

Pompey and Caesar

 

Lecture # 26 by Garrett Fagan of Penn State U. from the 48-lecture course, History of Ancient Rome 

 

(Removed from You Tube)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r2G9cPB7_-w

 

 

Battle of Pharsalus in Greece  -  48 BC

 

 

Pharsalus 48 BC

 

Episode from the series Five Minute Battle Narratives

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nWC3Rsk2XBk

 

 

Caesar vs Pompey

 

Episode from the documentary series Decisive Battles of the Ancient World series

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=19CJ8ZQUoVc

 

 

Battle of Pharsalus scene

 

Excerpt from an episode of the BBC documentary series Ancient Rome: Rise and Fall of an Empire

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bNgDf5_pgBo

 

 

Death of Pompey 

 

Excerpt from 2005 TV series 

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k3buhlYVLOs

 

 

 

Pompey's Head

 

Excerpt from a TV series

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s5Pr1V6_N3c

 

 

Cato the Younger

 

Lecture # 12 of 24 from the course Famous Romans by J. Rufus Fears

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PRXbBUxcBvU

 

The Battle of Munda

Caesar's Last Battle

45 B. C.

Caesar defeats Pompey's sons

Battle of Munda

Wikipedia

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cAe6bhcLDYU

 

Julius Caesar

Discussion on the weekly BBC radio programme In Our Time hosted by Melvyn Bragg on 2 October 2014

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b04jlygw

 

 

 

Gaius Marcus Brutus

Marcus Junius Brutus (Quintus

Servilius Caepio Brutus) (ca. 85 - 42),

led assassination of Caesar, 44 BC

 

 

Brutus and the Opposition to Caesar 

 

Lecture # 13 of 24 of the course Famous Romans by J. Rufus Fears 

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=inkYQWYVarE

 

 

 

Gaius Cassius Longinus (ca. 85 - 42 BC),

with Brutus led assassination of Caesar

 

 

The Great Conspiracy against Julius Caesar

 

TED

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wgPymD-NBQU

 

 

Death of Caesar (in the Curea of Pompey on 15 March 44 BC) (painting by Vincenzo Camuccini, 1798)

The Curea of Pompey was next door to the Theatre of Pompey. At the time of Caesar's assassination, gladiators were fighting in the Theatre.

 

 

 

 

 

La Mort de César/The Death of Caesar   -   sketch and painting by Jean-Léon Gerome (ca. 1859  -  1867)

 

 

JULIUS CAESAR (100 B.C-44 B.C.). /nRoman general and statesman. The assassination of Julius Caesar in the Roman Stock Photo

1869 steel engraving after the painting by Gerome
 
 

The Assassination of Julius Caesar

March 15, 44 BC 

You Are There (1955) (25:11)

With Walter Cronkite

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VFdoRrH0nk0

 

 

Killing Caesar

 

Episode # 1 from the documentary series Rome Revealed

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k592Gp71UKA

 

 

Killing Caesar

 

Episode from the documentary series When Rome Ruled

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JesWyflmaf4

 

The Ides of March

 

The Assassination of Julius Caesar

 

15 March 44 B. C.

 

Episode from the series Walks of Italy

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1u7Hu6G83nE

 

 

Roman Calendar

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=usmBOvi_qBc

Roman Calendar System

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LG4nwf5E65M

Roman Dates

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N6dU98dXhkA

 

 

Julius Caesar

The play by William Shakespeare

 

Beware the Ides of March

 

Excerpt from 1953 movie of Shakespeare's Julius Caesar

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G94Y1vz-8v4

 

Assassination scene 

 

Excerpt from BBC 1979 production

 

Two clips

 

1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E3ymaal9zbc

 

2. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=epN82LsT3UE

 

 

Excerpt from 2002 movie Julius Caesar

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7OjMuuk0W5Q

 


Brutus' and Marc Antony's Orations

 

Excerpt from 1945 movie

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZSiAYKOQ2HU

 

or

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=veT0Nadnygs

 

Excerpt from 1950 movie of Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pIfuFBfitJk

 

Excerpt from 1953 movie of Shakespeare's Julius Caesar with James Mason as Brutus

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=op0DQ0Z65iI

or

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BmjCZu4TGIo

 

or

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wM6X-8dokRE

 

 

Excerpt from the 1945 movie of Shakespeare's play Julius Caesar

First Brutus and then Marc Antony address the crowd

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZSiAYKOQ2HU

or

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=veT0Nadnygs

 

 

Charlton Heston as Marc Antony in an excerpt from the 1950 movie of Shakespeare's Julius Caesar

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0aO89Elkcx4

continued:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HNWvgEaMJ9g

 

Antony's speech by Marlon Brando in 1953 movie (incomplete)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7X9C55TkUP8&feature=related

 

 

Antony's speech by Charlton Heston in 1970 movie

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0bi1PvXCbr8

 

 

Julius Caesar

 

1950 movie with Charlton Heston

 

Start here:

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sjo6FG_4M7g&feature=related

 

(continued)

 

 

Julius Caesar

 

1970 movie with Charlton Heston as Marc Antony

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mQQh115qAME

 

 

Julius Caesar

 

1979 BBC production

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5X2l1YFuM-w

 

or

 

https://archive.org/details/WilliamShakespearesJuliusCaesarBBC

 

or in 11 clips

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HdrBYFdJKxw&feature=related

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NQ0Vl_4y9Ac&feature=relmfu

 

(continued)

 

 

Entire text of play:

 

http://shakespeare.mit.edu/julius_caesar/full.html

 

 

A word about Plutarch, Shakeapeare's main source

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kyq0og75kHw

 

 

Julius Caesar

 

2002 movie (3 hrs)

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-APF0-L14kw

 

 

The Death of Julius Caesar

Barry Straus on History in Five

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6YIRQ6b52rs

 

The Death of Caesar

 

History's Most Famous Assassination

 

Lecture by Barry Strauss at Cornell' University, July 22, 2015

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ucvqNtfxxbk 

 

 

Trustworthiness of Ancient Sources

 

Lecture by Barry Strauss at Hillsdale College in Michigan

 

Considers five literary sources   -   Nicolas of Damascus, Plutarch, Suetonius, Appian of Alexandria and Cassius Dio   -   and the archaeological evidence in coins


Uploaded in 2016

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jO2UzM9T6DA

 

 

Tony Robinson's Julius Caesar

 

Documentary

 

Part 1 (47:00)

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5fcMOogFIMo

 

Part 2.

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j5FX1-oh3Qg

 

 

 

Caesar and the Suicide of the Republic

 

Lecture # 3 from the course Emperors of Rome by Garrett Fagan (The Great Courses)

 

From the Roman Revolution of 133 to the Battle of Actium in 31 BC

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Un38MHmUb9o

 

 

 
 
 
 
 

-----------------

 

 

 

 

Cicero

106 - 43 B. C.

 

Cicero

 

 

Murder in Rome 

 

Dramatization of Pro Roscio Amerino, Cicero's account of his first case as a defense lawyer

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IZxo3lGnT7I

 

or

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RUcDdUG22JU

 

 

 

Cicero

 

Lecture # 14 of 24 of the course Famous Romans by J. Rufus Fears

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G7Dpgb-4k2I

 

 

 

Excerpt from Cleopatra (1963)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4KvR9ksDJlM

 

 

Death scene from the series Rome

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Ed8vNcMif0&feature=related

 

 

 

Cicero

 

Discussion on the weekly Thursday BBC radio programme In Our Time hosted by Melvyn Bragg

 

With Melissa Lane, Catherine Steel and Valentina Arena

 

25 January 2018

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b09nrsfg 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

---------------------

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marc Antony

 

83 - 30 BC

 

 

Marcus Antonius

 

 

Shakespeare's Julius Caesar  -  Marc Antony's speech

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7X9C55TkUP8

 

 

Second Triumvirate (43 - 33 BC)

 

Marc Antony, Octavius and Lepidus

 

Marcus Aemilius Lepidus - Triumvir

Marcus Aemilius Lepidus 

(ca. 89/88 - 13/12 BC)

 

Coin with Marc Antony and his fourth wife,

Octavia, sister of Octavius (Augustus)

 

 

The Battle of Philippi

42 B. C.

Marc Antony and Octavian defeat Brutus and Cassius in battle in Macedonia

Part 1 of National Geographic documentary (2010)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=12eM9E0Q00U

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
-------------------
 
 
 
 
 

Queen Cleopatra VII

 

69 BC - 30 BC

 

 

Queen Cleopatra VII

 

Cleopatra on coin from Syria

 

Caesar and Cleopatra (painting by Jean-Léon Gérôme, 1866)

 

Cleopatra testing poisons on condemned prisoners (painting by Alexandre Cabanel, 1887)

 

Coins of Antony (right) and Cleopatra (left) minted in Antioch in 36 BC

 

Picture

The capital of Egypt in the time of Cleopatra was Alexandria 

 

 

Cleopatra VII

 

Excerpt from a National Geographic documentary with a brief description of Cleopatra

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tNMjhiPEUEw

 

 

Cleopatra's Palace (in Alexandria)

 

In Search of a Legend

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=142Ews5tHnY

 

or in 5 clips:

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lRp-Yxxx78g

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8-O-aGXRdx0&feature=relmfu

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QQlWmBZZdVI&feature=relmfu

 

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GNsqQKt3Wuc&feature=related

 

5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xxaVGrEMcB8&feature=relmfu

 

 

Cleopatra: The Last Pharaoh

 

2006 episode from the documenary series Digging for the Truth

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wepvjp7e9n8 

 

 

Cleopatra

 

Episode from the documentary series Secrets of Egypt

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=syepfANERCk

 

or in 5 clips:

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HV1d1HJ88S4&feature=relmfu

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ht1nUdJWyms&feature=relmfu

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qkiDecCQzmg&feature=fvwrel

 

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-yZ_XlkqjYg&feature=relmfu

 

5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bn8YLQ3QN6Y&feature=relmfu

 

 

The Real Cleopatra

 

Episode # 2 of the documentary series The Great Egyptians

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BGT5V6qH4Mc

 

 

Cleopatra VII: The Royal Diaries

 

Removed from You Tube

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aeHFNAFa3D8

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XVUzXUZOSf0&feature=relmfu

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UxIxHDzGhNA&feature=relmfu

 

 

Cleopatra

 

Episode from the documentary series Ancients Behaving Badly

 

Removed from You Tube 

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cNutYBphvkw

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=scHxenSRFuw&feature=relmfu

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Hxpn3G_jpQ&feature=relmfu

 

 

Cleopatra VII

 

An Audio History

 

Part 1.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YFQH_MIdYKE

 

Part 2.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rhVfEbJFz0o

 

 

Egypt According to Cleopatra

 

Episdoe from the documentary series Secrets of Archeology

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KJR-xRAkH1g

 

or

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AyH_KSv3MM0

 

 

Cleopatra   -   A Portrait of a Killer

 

Documentary with Neil Oliver

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HIpFgg0Y7MY

 

 

Cleopatra

 

Lecture # 24 of 24 of the course Famous Greeks by J. Rufus Fears  

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ra1f9cUNmvE

 

 

Kleopatra-VII.-Altes-Museum-Berlin1.jpg

 

 

The above marble busts are

believed to be of Cleopatra

 

 

Was Cleopatra truly beautiful?

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4uTvcR9IEa4

 

 

The face of Cleopatra

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5nkQRrdn6FU

 

 

Searching for Cleopatra’s tomb

 

Cleopatra Tomb Site Found?

 

National Geographic documentary with Zahi Hawass 

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CapOH_jv7No

 

 

The Search for Antony and Cleopatra

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gJ4ugRiL8WM&feature=related

 

 

 

Cleopatra

 

Discussion on the weekly BBC radio programme In Our Time with Melvyn Bragg and guests

 

2 December 2010

 

Flash Player required to listen. Programme can be downloaded from webpage. 

 

Try Internet Explorer and Google Chrome

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00w7clj

 

 

William Shakespeare

 

Antony and Cleopatra (1973)

 

Charlton Heston

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EYPfyd1SBGM

 

 

Antony and Cleopatra

 

RSC (1974)

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r-VWNul82w0

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h5ZNPlSQH3M

 

. . .

 

16. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q-vCyk8IkAs

 

17. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AF-jXaEg2V8

 

18. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vHcnZ46FsSg

 

 

 

Cleopatra in movies

 

Cleopatra

 

Theda Bara (1917) 

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rjbzCcAzSSo

 

 

Cleopatra

 

Claudette Colbert (1934)

 

Preview with Cecil B. DeMille:

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LAQbTnnt8Sg

 

Movie

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NROPBfvLx88

 

 

Caesar and Cleopatra
 
Vivian Leigh
 
Movie based on a novel by George Bernard Shaw with Claude Rains (1945)
 

 

 

Cleopatra
 
Elizabeth Taylor (1963)

 

Ad:

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SnNmVbEW14g

 

Excerpts:

 

Part 14.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HKH69k7CBi8

 

Part 20.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HRT2xapt8W8

 

Part 21.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rRvP_R654DY

 

Part 24.

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-bjBIJjglq8

 

 

 

Two Nights with Cleopatra

 

Sophia Loren (1964)

 

Preview

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0PPVM1GqOL4

 

Movie

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TdTTLo1uv_4&feature=related

 

 

Cleopatra

 

Leonor Varela (1999)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EhMn27JYM-E

 

or

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nwcveeZrCn4 

 

or

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jW7txqm0-cc

 

 

Asterix & Obelix - Mission Cleopatra

 

Monica Bellucci (2002)

 

Excerpts

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q19KL7XdQhw

 

 

 

Battle of Actium, 31 BC

 

Octavian defeats Antony and Cleopatra

 

 

 

Relief of the naval battle of Actium

  

 

 

The Battle of Actium

 

Episode from the documentary series History's Turning Points

 

31 B. C.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-uIthKK8arE

or

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CCk69xJ-2qs

 

or

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TI8ogmTVsQw

 

 

Actium

 

Episode from the documentary series Rome's Greatest Battles

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_2VJAbFSKAk

 

 

Antony and Cleopatra and the Battle of Actium

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IENlpGMDWoo

 

 

From Actium to an Asp

 

The Beginning of the End for Cleopatra the Great

 

Lecture by Jennifer Wegner at the lecture series Great Battles  -  Moments in Time that Changed History, U. of Pennsylvania, 2013

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=djaIW2I43NY

 

 

The Battle of Actium

31 B. C.

Octavius defeats Marc Antony and Cleopatra at sea

Part 2 of National Geographic documentary (2010)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_2VJAbFSKAk

 

 

Anthony and Cleopatra

Battle at Actium

Episode form the documentary seres Moments in Time

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Q-H6IQYNgM

 

 

 

Roman Rule in Egypt

 

30 B. C. - A. D. 640

 

 

When Rome Ruled Egypt

 

Documentary

 

(5 clips)

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zPaU_wj57vg&feature=relmfu

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xMBaH1boDZE&feature=relmfu

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0k5-dYtagms&feature=relmfu

 

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NxUdQ_mwGAg&feature=relmfu

 

5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WDDUSc4Ntfc&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

Egypt According to Cleopatra
 
Episode from the documentary series Secrets of Archeology
 
 

 

 

The Death of Cleopatra (1874) by Jean-André Rixens (1846-1924)

 

 

Who Killed Cleopatra?

 

Documentary

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V6V8dyTSkVo

 

 

The Snake that Killed Cleopatra

 

Documentary with the snake expert Austin Srevens

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hi1Y9hXw6QY

 

 

 

The Suicides of Antony and Cleopatra in Alexandria

 

Excerpts from the 1963 movie Cleopatra with Richard Burton as Antony and Elizabeth Taylor as Cleopatra

 

Features a young Octavian

 

1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-bjBIJjglq8

 

2. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VvU9ekshctY

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 

------------------

 

 

 

 

 

 

Livy

 

59 BC – AD 17

 

Titus Livius Patavinus

 

 

Ab urbe condita libri

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

------------------------------

 

 

 

 

 

Roman Empire

 

Western Empire  31 B. C. - A. D. 476

 

Eastern Empire  A. D. 330 - 1453

 

 

 

 

The first five emperors of Rome

 

Julio-Claudian Dynasty

 

44/31 BC - AD 68

 

Octavian/Augustus  

 

Tiberius

 

Caligula

 

Claudius

 

Nero 

 

Augustus

 

White marble statue of Augustus ("Augustus of Prima Porta") from the villa of Livia Drusilla, his widow, in Prima Porta near Rome. The statue was a copy of the bronze original. (Vatican Museum.) 

 

Born Gaius Octavianus Thurinus

in Velletri or in Rome in 63 BC

 

Died in Nola in Campania in AD 14 

 

R. ca. 31 BC - AD 14

 

Called by modern scholars Octavianus, Octavius or Octavian and, for his later life, Augustus 

 

He called himself Gaius Julius Caesar Octavius after his adoption by Gaius Julius Caesar, his mother's uncle, in 44 BC.

 

He took the title Imperator Caesar Divi Filius (Commander and Son of the Divine Julius Caesar) in 42 BC.

 

In 27 or 26 BC, the senate added Augustus (exalted one) to his title and he was addressed Imperator Caesar Divi Filius Augustus.

 

Many scholars date the beginning of the Roman Empire from Octavian's victory over Marc Antony at the Battle of Actium in 31 BC. He was thus sole ruler of the 

Mediterranean.

 

Other scholars date the Roman Empire from 27 BC, when the Roman senate made 

Augustus' position supremo constitutional.  

 

Historians consider Augustus the first Roman Emperor. The title emperor is derived from the Latin imperator (commander).

 

Augusutus considered himself a prince, or Priceps, and the Empire was called a principate. He was Princeps Civitatis (First Citizen of the State).

 

Augustus established the standing army and created the Praetorian Guard.

 

He extended the borders of the empire to include Egypt, Dalmatia, Pannonia, Noricum, and Raetia. He expanded the empire into Africa and Germania. He conquered Hispania. He made peace with the Parthian Empire.

 

He reformed taxation.

 

He rebuilt Rome.

 

He built road networks and created a courier system.

 

He established police and fire services for Rome.

 

He proclaimed the eatablishment of peace throughout the empire Pax Romana or Pax Augusta in 13 BC. 

 

He was Ponitfex Maximus from 12 BC.

 

Augustus renamed the month of Sextilius after himself, August, in 8 BC. He chose this month because it followed the month of July, which was named after Julius Caesar in 45 BC.

 

He made his step-son Tiberius his heir.

 

It was rumoured that his wife Livia poisoned him to death.

 

 

Bust of Octavius dated to 30 BC

 

Bust of Gaius Octavius (Octavian) as Princeps Civitatis with the Civic Crown

 

Busr of Augustus as Pontifex Maximus

 

Pax Romana

 

27 BC - AD 180

 

 
Source: Lavoro proprio (via Cristiano)
 
The Roman Empire (Principate) in the time of Augustus (27 BC - AD 14) 
 
The map shows the Roman Empire from 31 BC to AD 6
 
 
History of Ancient Rome
 
Four lectures about Augustus and Imperial Rule by Garrett Fagan from the course (Great Courses)
 
(Removed from You Tube)

 

Emperors of Rome

Three lectures of a 36-lecture course by Garrett Fagan from (The Great Courses)

About the course:

http://www.thegreatcourses.com/tgc/Courses/course_detail.aspx?cid=3410

1. The Shape of Roman Imperial History

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aOUm6uL2DY4 

4. The First Emperor, Augustus

http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=RMSp52UT1Vc   

5. The Powers of Augustus

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LtOe5qEBucY

 

The Augustan Principate and Imperialism

Lecture # 18 and of 36 by Kenneth W, Harl of the course Rome and the Barbarians (The Great Courses)

Currently available on You Tube:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6tYQOL7iCc8 

Lecture 19.

The Roman Imperial Army

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_hO4_9jfS-Y

 

L’EMPEREUR AUGUSTE

CONQUÊTE DU POUVOIR

44 – 27 AV. J.-C.

2000 ANS D’HISTOIRE sur FRANCE INTER

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gJnK2Pys4OA

 

LA NAISSANCE DE L’EMPIRE ROMAIN

31 AV. J.-C.

2000 ANS D’HISTOIRE sur FRANCE INTER

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SzOpY5KcrLM

 

L’Empereur Auguste

Avec Pierre Cosme

2000 ANS D’HISTOIRE

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U_xun1RWD3Y

 

Agrippa

64/63 B. C.  –  12 B. C.

 

Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, general, best friend and right-hand man of Augustus 

 

Marcus Agrippa

Episode by Lindsay Powell

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QDyDXE8t1CQ

 

Pantheon, Rome

Uploaded by WorldSiteGuides

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2fM-AiiDoVs

Book advertisement:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TAlu9L3Q_qg

 

Pantheon

Ancient Rome Live

American Institute for Roman Culture

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9rYYojWTPpo

 

The Pantheon, Rome

Khan Academy

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KaY8zqYfQI0

 

                 -------------

 

Augustus

Lecture # 15 of 24 of the course Famous Romans by J. Rufus Fears

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=47dIyfbj4Sg

 

Augustus, Creator of the Roman Empire

Lecture # 29 by Gregory Aldrete from the course History of the Ancient World 

(Removed from You Tube)

 

Augustus

23 BC - AD 14

Episode 11 of Roman History (2:01:40)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f4NtQOTsXIU

 

Roman Empire

Discussion on the weekly BBC radio programme In Our Time hosted by Melvyn Bragg (1 May 2003)

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p00548xn

 

Augustus 

Order from Chaos

Part 1 of four-part series, Rome in the First Century A. D.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FOTjDpDay30

 

Augustus

2003 movie with Peter O'Toole

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ayK1P5R9l6s

 

The Roman Empire in Relation to Culture

 

From The History of Western Phliosophy by Bertrand Russell (1945)

 

Book One   -   Ancient Philosophy

 

Part III. Ancient Philosophy after Aristotle

 

Chapter XXIX.

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GAj7XrKB5q4 

 

 

 

The Augustan Age

 

Discussion on the weekly BBC radio programme In Our Time hosted by Melvyn Bragg

 

11 June 2009

 

With guests Catharine Edwards, Duncan Kennedy and Mary Beard

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kX4n4BW4II4 

 


From Brick to Marble:

Augustus Assembles Rome

Lecture # 9 of the course Roman Architecture (HSAR 252) by Diane Kleinert, Yale U., Spring 2009

1. From Republic to Empire: Julius Caesar
2. Julius Caesar, Venus Genetrix and the Forum Iulium
3. The Ascent of Augustus and access to Italian marble
4. Augustus assembles his marble city
5. The Forum of Augustus and Its links to the Greek past
6. The Ara Pacis Augustae
7. Mussolini, the Meier Museum, and a jewel on Lungotevere

You Tube:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KBTiRUSNXYA

Yale U.:

http://oyc.yale.edu/history-art/hsar-252/lecture-9

Transcript:

http://oyc.yale.edu/transcript/388/hsar-252

 

 

Maison-Carrée, Nîmes, France, c. 12 bc.

La Maison Carrée à Nemausus (Nîmes) dans le Gard en France (A. D. 4)

 

Restauration de la Maison carrée à Nîmes

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ya3narOFIRA

 

Accessing Afterlife:

Tombs of Roman Aristocrats, Freedmen, and Slaves

Lecture # 10 of the course Roman Architecture (HSAR 252) by Diane Kleinert at Yale U., Spring 2009

1. Augustus family mausoleum
2. Etruscan antecedents of the Mausoleum of Augustus
3. The Tomb of Caecilia Metella on the Via Appia
4. The Pyramidal Tomb of Gaius Cestius
5. The Tomb of the Baker Eurysaces and his wife Atistia
6. Atistias Breadbasket and Eurysaces Achievements
7. Tombs for those of modest means and the future of concrete architecture

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tFuVayxNWMU

 

                 ---------------

 

 

Livia

Circa 57/58 BC - AD 29

Source: Louvre http://www.louvre.fr/en/oeuvre-notices/livia

 

Livia Drusilla

Her father and her first husband fought with Brutus and Cassius and other assassins of Julius Caesar against the Second Triumvirate of Marc Antony, Octavius and Lepidus.

Her father committed suicide after defeat at the Battle of Philippi in 42 BC.

Her huband fought with Marc and Lucius Antony against Octavius.    

Livia and her family sided with the son of Pompey, Sextus Pompey, against Octavius.

Octavius forced Livia to divorce her husband and marry him in 38 B. C. Augustus and Livia did not have a child together.

Livia was the mother of Rome's second emperor, Tiberius.

Livia was the grandmother of the fourth emperor Claudius, the great-grandmother of the third emperor Caligula, and the great-great-grandmother of the fifth emperor Nero.

It was rumured that Livia killed Augustus by feeding him poisonous figs. 

She died from an illness.

 

Excerpt from I, Claudius

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U0VY93ZKwbk

 

I, Livia

Discussion

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=223HEPew61Y

 

 

                --------------

 

Latin 

 

An Indo-European language

 

The Indo-European Language Family and Latin

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TPh03KsGrAA&feature=related  

 

 

 

Why Study Latin?

 

1951 Coronet educational film (10:59)

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gCe5O_LFSWE 

 

 

 

Latin

 

Historical Presentation and Pronunciation Tutorial

 

Indo-European

   Italic

      Archaic Latin

         Classical Latin

            Late Latin

               Vulgar Latin

                  Medieval Latin

                     Renaissance Latin

                        Early Modern Latin

                           Neo Latin

                              Ecclesiastical/Liturgical Latin

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0SUqF32dKnU

 

 

What Latin sounded like

 

. . . and how we know

 

Short video (05:58)

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_enn7NIo-S0

 

                  --------------

 

 

Virgil

 

Virgil, 70 BC - 19 BC

 

Publius Vergilius Maro

70 BC - 19 BC

 

P1120423

Virgil reading the Aeneid to Augustus and Livia painted in the 1800s

Octavia swoons at the account of her dead son Marcellus

 

The Aeneid

On Virgil's Aeneid: Founding Rome

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0L3PlVnCIEw

 

 

Virgil

 

The Aeneid

 

Brief description of Virgil's Aeneid by IntelliQuest World's 100 Greatest Books (1995)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0EoMREfwe9k&feature=related

 

or, the same:

 

Lecture 1:

 

http://teacherinamerica2.blogspot.com/2011/02/lecture-on-virgils-aeneid-part-1.html

 

Lecture 2:

 

http://teacherinamerica2.blogspot.com/2011/02/lecture-on-virgils-aeneid-part-2.html

 

Lecture 3:

 

http://teacherinamerica2.blogspot.com/2011/02/lecture-on-virgils-aeneid-part-3.html

 

Lecture 4:

 

http://teacherinamerica2.blogspot.com/2011/02/lecture-on-virgils-aeneid-part-4.html

 

Lecture 5:

 

http://teacherinamerica2.blogspot.com/2011/02/lecture-on-virgils-aeneid-part-5.html

 

Lecture 6:

 

http://teacherinamerica2.blogspot.com/2011/02/lecture-on-virgils-aeneid-part-6.html

 

Lecture 7:

 

http://teacherinamerica2.blogspot.com/2011/02/lecture-on-virgils-aeneid-part-7.html

 

Lecture 8:

 

http://teacherinamerica2.blogspot.com/2011/02/lecture-on-virgils-aeneid-part-8.html

 

 

Map of the travels of Aeneas

 

The Route of Aeneas

(La rotta di Enea)

From Troy to Italy

Documentary (01:28:00)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bJm9N5FIh7Y

 

Aeneas meets Queen Dido of Carthage, painted by Nathaniel Dance Holland (1735 – 1811)

 

The Legend of Aeneas

 

The Trojans arrive in Italy

1962 movie with Steve Reeves as Aeneas (1:35:26)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YM6h31_9KQU

 

or, almost the same:

The Avenger (1:36:27)

http://www.archive.org/details/PublicDomainMercuryFilmsSiriusCICCAvalaFilmandMedallionPicturesTheAvengerTheLegendofAeneas

 

The Trojan Horse

 

(The Wooden Horse of Troy)

 

1961 movie with Steeve Reeves as Aeneas

 

La Guerre de Troie (French version) (1:41:02)

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zm4FwKWaPyw

 

 

 

The Legend of Aeneas

 

1962 sequel to The Trojan Horse, with Steeve Reeves (1:35:36)

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YM6h31_9KQU

 

or

 

The Avenger

 

Another edition or version of the same movie, also with Steeve Reeves (1:36:18)

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HSQ2f4hS_no 

 

 

Virgil

 

The Aeneid

 

Audio

 

Episode from IntelliQuest World's 100 Greatest Books (1995

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0EoMREfwe9k

 

 

 

The Aeneid

 

Discussion hosted by Melvyn Bragg on the weekly BBC radio programme In Our Time

 

21 April 2005

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vv-sjva4ndQ

 

or

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p003k9c1  

 

 

The Aeneid

Reading in Latin with written Latin and English translation - lines 1 - 755

lines 1 - 290

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LEPvfi3r_uE&feature=relmfu

lines 290 - 490

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7S91LTjGDdk&feature=relmfu

lines 490 - 594

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h0lM7ujvGKU&feature=relmfu

lines 594 - 695

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_StdHTgqo5M&feature=relmfu

lines 695 - 755

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9mhRmzd0rmg&feature=relmfu

 

 

Virgil

 

Lecture 16 of 24 from the course Famous Romans by Rufus Fears

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aGqfeT8Vprc 

 

 

Reading Virgil through the Ages

 

Lecture by Ralph Hexter

 

Emory University, November 6, 2013

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rc7erbVNxqU 

 

 

--------

 

 

Ovid

Image of Ovid statue

Statue of Publius Ovidius Naso (43 BC  -  AD 17), Roman poet, exiled to the Black Sea by the Roman emperor Augustus in AD 8; best known for two works, Metamorphoses and Ars Amatoria (The Art of Love). 

Statue in Tomis (Constanta, Romania), the city to which Ovid was exiled, by Ettore Ferrari in 1887. (Photo by Romeo Tabus.) 

 

Ovid

Comment

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LLAImbTpllg

 

Dissipation and Discipline in the Augustan Age

Ovid and his Time

Lecture by David Nystrom at Biola University, La Mirada, California, September 23, 2013 

Introduction, Life, Contemporaries, the Augustan Age & Morality, Works, Legacy, Words

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FQaykZo_TuU

 

Metamorphosis

Discussion on the weekly BBC radio programme In Our Time hosted by Melvyn Bragg (2 March 2003)

With guests A. S. Byatt and Catherine Bate

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p00546p6

You Tube:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZL2UEjreFdE

or

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T5PbTOMQm1k

 

Ovid

Metamorphoses Book I, read in Latin, then again with an interlinear text

    -

----------------

 

 

Horace

Horace

Modern statue of Horace, Venosa, Italy 

 

Quintus Horatius Flaccus (65 BC –  8 BC)

 

Hotace

Discussion on the weekly Thursday BBC radio porgramme In Our Time hosted by Melvyn Bragg

15 November 2018

With guests Emily Gowers, William Fitzgerald and Ellen O'Gorman

https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b006qykl

or

https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/m00014jt

 

 

 

 

-----------------------

 

 

Battle of Teutoburg Forest

AD 9

Romans pushed out of Germania and back to the Rhine, stemming forever the Roman thrust to the east

 

another map goes here

 

Hermann (Arminius) Monument, Teutoburg Forest, Germany, erected 1875

Arminius, Enemy of Rome

A Province Too Far

also called:

The Battle against Rome

The story of Hermann/Arminius

Documentary

Preview:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&feature=fvwp&v=3_Zr4E6qPsA

AKA

Germania - the Nation that Defeated Rome

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kDJjG8dQTtY

See the same in two parts:

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KYm3mB0KAW4

or

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K6xHUH0pV7g

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Iw-dqF1TG2s

See the same in two parts:

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D5n5rSn2tm4

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mAQqIcBamhs

The same uploaded also as

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=THHfPy7w4gE

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pJjyfifZVsU

AKA

GERMANIA - A ROMAN PROVINCE TOO FAR

(first several minutes missing)

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4H3sVHT8Zj4

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Bh7JnUCuv0

 

Forest of Death

Episode # 4 of the documentary series Rome: Rise and Fall of an Empire 

German leader Arminius defeats Roman General Varus 

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rnNVDDT4wDQ

 

The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest

Episode # 2 of the documentary series The Germanic Tribes

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mTBJqvYnD1I

 

Hermann (Arminius)

Episode from the documentary series Archeology

About archeological research

In 3 clips:

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BGjbcEVCDFU&feature=related

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CZ8AzYkfjXw

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XDMHaAsu0NQ

Lost Legions of Varus

Documentary

(Removed from You Tube)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s4W6YKeQNnI 

 

 

 

Battle of Teutoburg Forest, AD 9

 

Episode from the Decisive Battles series

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uJRISJmqhGQ

 

Or, the same (3 clips)

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AQqGhOzUHIE 

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rfhr0IgcXlk

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1mTyFdF2IxQ

 

Empires and Armies

 

Episode from the documentary series War & Civilization narrated by Walter Cronkite

 

The development of the Roman army from the Roman conquest of Greece in 146 BC, to the Marian Reforms of 107 BC, and the massacre of Roman legions by the Germans in Teutoberg Forest in AD

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ai8fL6agCQQ&feature=related

 

 

 

Arminius, the Barbarians and the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest

 
Episode from the documentary series Warriors
 

 

 

The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest

 

Lecture # 22 of 24 by Garrett Fagan from a course on Great Battles of the Ancient World (The Great Courses) 

 

About the course:

 

http://www.thegreatcourses.com/tgc/Courses/course_detail.aspx?cid=3757 

 

Lecture

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tG5yNEoDxQ0

 

 

 

Varusschlacht

 

Die Maus Spezial

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AR0wJzx2RwA 

 

 

Varusschlacht

Museum und Park Kalkriese

 

EUROMEDIA Film

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=anR2UyHJhhE

 

 

Massacre in the Black Forest

 

(Hermann der Cherusker - Die Schlacht im Teutoburger Wald)

 

1967 movie

 

Advertisement

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IaIO5BlyHXg

 

 

 

 

 

-------------------------------

 

 

 

RES  GESTAE  DIVI  AUGUSTI

 

The Res Gestae Divi Augusti (The Deeds of the Divine Augustus) in the Temple of Augustus in Ankara, Turkey (Photograph by John Henry Haynes in 1984)

 

http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Augustus/Res_Gestae/home.html

 

http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/aug.html

 

http://classics.mit.edu/Augustus/deeds.html

 

http://www.romansonline.com/Src_Frame.asp?DocID=aug_Bk01_01

 

http://www.livius.org/ra-rn/res_gestae/res_gestae01.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

------------

 

 

 

 

 

Strabo

 

 

Strabo's Geographica

 

Discussion on the weekly BBC radio programme In Our Time hosted by Melvyn Bragg (10 April 2014)

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b03zr11t

 

 

 

-----------

 

 

 

 

Tiberius

 

r. AD 14 - AD 37

 

Tiberius Claudius Nero, step-son

of Octavius (42 BC - AD 37)

 

 

Emperors of Rome

 

Four lectures from the course Emperors of Rome by Garrett Fagan (The Great Couses)

 

6. Succession Woes

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V0cjRF6C9W0 

 

7. Livia Drusilla, Empress of Rome

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LYLa9nBjsho

 

8. The Early Years of Tiberius

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LYLa9nBjsho

 

9. The Would-Be Emperor - Sejanus

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=55Ui3AQ-zWs  

 

 

The Caesars 

 

6-episode 1968 British TV series The Caesars 

 

First five episodes highlight Tiberius from the death of Augustus to his own death

 

1. Augustus

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B7HHrkoac0o&feature=relmfu

 

2. Germanicus

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kZoyx9r1QUI&feature=relmfu

 

3. Tiberius

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2loYWA2qgus

 

4. Sejanus

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yHdRfM3PFpc&feature=relmfu 

 

5. Caligula

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1h6A0oRQBmw&feature=relmfu

 

 

 

 

                                    ------------------

 

 

Benjamin West's oil painting Agrippina Landing at Brundisium with the Ashes of Germanicus (1768)

 

 

Truth to Power:

 

Benjamin West’s Agrippina Landing at Brundisium with the Ashes of Germanicus

 

Lecture 7 of 12 from the series Let This Be a Lesson by John Walsh at Yale U. in the Fall semester of 2013

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qAr5YJyawSA

 

 

                       ---------------------

 

 

 

Caligula

 

R. AD 37 - AD 41   

 

 

Gaius (Caligula) (AD 12 -  AD 41), assassinated  

 

 

 

Caligula

 

Episode from the documentary series Most Evil Men in History

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=465m8izlF-s&feature=related

 

 

 

The two huge ships built for Caligula in Lake Nemi

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1p881FukNT4

 

 

 

Caligula

 

BBC documentary with Mary Beard

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7bhuDH25_Po

 

 

 

Caligula

 

1979 movie produced by Penthouse Magazine

 

Features Malcolm McDowell, Helen Mirren, Peter O'Toole and John Gielgud

 

This film is probably the best-known film about Caligula today.

 

In English:

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mkpQR9wHwbE

 

Or in 11 clips:

 

1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6_saf43ctu4

 

2. N. A.

 

3. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0NW0j4vN4HY

 

4. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WkI0Qvm3d2o

 

5. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RpAiqGcHxXA

 

6. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_L0CBL2hEog

 

7. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ac16ZAXMZH4

 

8. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lB0zmT3Bww0

 

9. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UDi84Uf8OfE

 

10. N. A.

 

11. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iZXqUMSc8Z4 

 

 

The English version of the entire movie (in 720 p), uncensored, in a single clip (2:34:34) (154:34), minus the credits shown at the end, released by Blue Ray, can also be viewed on a popular pornographic website, xHamster, which will not be linked to here, and easily downloaded from the site. 

 

In French (entire film: 2:29:11)

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GXoUOuR4dUE

 

 

 

Caligula

 

Episode 9 of  the 1999 Biography documentary series

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8r1DF62Tm7I

 

 

 

Caligula and his Sisters

 

Roman Coins with Prof Kevin Butcher

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3uZMF69W8fA

 

 

 

Hail Who?

 

Episode 9 of 1976 BBC-TV series I Claudius

 

Praetorian guards assassinate Caligula and proclaim Claudius emperor

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DGLO8OZU1zs

 

 

Tony Robinson's Caligula

 

Documentary (46:21)

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HxRz-1R2RWo

 

 

 

 

 

 

-------------------------

 

 

 

 

 

Claudius

 

R. AD 41 -  AD 54

 

Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus

Germanicus, Emperor (10 BC - AD 54)

 

 

 

Years of Trial

 

Episode 2 of thr PBS documentary series The Roman Empire in the First Century

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LqgFJoB10n8

 

 

 

Excerpt from I Claudius (1937)

 

Claudius' engagement to Messalina

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xPQyaWytdGA

 

 

 

Messalina

 

Imperial Venus (1960)

 

with Belinda Lee

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wtwnteJ6B5w

 

 

 

Fool's Luck

 

Episode 10 of 1976 BBC-TV series of I Claudius

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e-kOr2qU7tw 

 

 

 

Claudius
 
Episode 6 of of the 6-episode 1968 British TV series The Caesars 
 

 

 

 

Excerpt from the 1937 Hollywood film I Claudius with Charles Laughton that was not completed

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ll0i6IDrbaA&feature=related

 

 

 

The Epic that Never Was

 

1965 documentary with Dirk Bogarde about the uncompleted 1937 Hollywood movie I Claudius

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NUbt0sweIjI

 

 

 

Roman Conquest of Britain  

 

Episode # 5 of Rome: Rise and Fall of an Empire series

  

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J3OZNm9n1Mc&feature=related

 
 
 
A God in Colchester
 
Episode 11 from the 1976 BBC-TV series I Claudius
 
The end of Messalina
 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rI2udvdipM4

 

 

I Claudius

 

Entire 1976 BBC-TV series

 

All 12 episodes

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gfxt9zKeNL4&list=PLmUnn0M2y5BLqjdIoK60XBZm1bIpeOn-I

 

 

Messalina

 

1924 Italian silent movie with sound added in 1935

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OnlC_95WzFg

 

or

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hdhWXnj8sko

 

 

 

The Aqua Claudia

 

Aqueduct constructed between 38 AD and AD 52

 

Excerpt from a documentary dubbed in Italian:

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oVfVBXYfGv0

 

 

 

Roman aqueducts

 

Excerpt edited from the documentary Engineering an Empire

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FN1v5FYkTLQ

 

 

 

Porta Praenestina (Porta Maggiore - Porta Labicana - Porta Naevia), arches constructed in A. D. 52 by Claudius under the aqueducts Claudia and Anio Novus in Rome.  

 

 

 

 

 

                          --------------------------------

 

 

 

 

Nero 

 

AD 37 -  AD 68

 

R. AD 54 - AD 68

 

Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus.

Emperor (AD 54 - AD 68)

 

 

 

Nero and Agrippina

Roman Coins with Prof Kevin Butcher

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=as3owbZw82E

 

 

Nero

 

Documentary

 

(5 clips)

 

Removed from You Tube

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IdM_72cnHKE

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=endscreen&NR=1&v=ce05dj7H3OU

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aEK93Vni15c&feature=related

 

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pu6oS9rBlwc&feature=related

 

5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XvmrbdZ9cKA&feature=related

 

 

 

Nero

 

Episode from the documentary series Most Evil Men in History

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=94FkqE6oihs (28 m. 47 s.)

 

or

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=agzAQqCkdr0 (22 m, 37 s)

 

Or in 3 clips:

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XeAM_s48Bcs

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BpjW3JzCpew&feature=relmfu

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n_yV2SN_9HA&feature=relmfu

 

 

Nero 

 

Episode 2 of the BBC's series Ancient Rome: The Rise and Fall of an Empire

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P__H1L9l3HM

 

or

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P__H1L9l3HM&feature=related

 

 

 

The Great Fire of Rome

 

2002 documentary from the Secrets of the Dead series

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0VIgOHNEKw0

 

 

 

Quo Vadis

 

Hollywood movie with Peter Ustinov (1951)

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MgZfCIhEumg

 

Advertisement

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BDNu76OJYX0

 

Excerpts:

 

Nero speaks

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iZ04KhQra6M

 

The story of Nero singing while Rome burned

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_EVZwTMmk8c

 

 

Quo Vadis

 

1912 movie

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QfZs-C0E1w0

 

 

 

Notorious Nero and His Amazing Architectural Legacy

 

Lecture # 11 by Diane Kleinert from the course Roman Architecture (HSAR 252: Roman Architecture) at Yale U.

 

1. Tiberius and the Villa Jovis on Capri

2. Caligula and the Underground Basilica in Rome
3. Claudius and the Harbor at Portus
4. Claudius Porta Maggiore in Rome
5. Nero and the Domus Transitoria in Rome
6. The Golden House of Nero and the Octagonal Room

 

You Tube:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0lbooc2xAZk

Yale U.:

http://oyc.yale.edu/history-art/hsar-252/lecture-11

Transcript:

http://oyc.yale.edu/transcript/391/hsar-252

 

Lectures from the course Emperors of Rome by Garrett Fagan (The Great Courses)

Artist and Assassin - Nero

Lecture # 14

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IFG3B4JYpUw

 

The Trouble with Christians

Lecture # 15.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EpbGQAPTHMc

 

Dynasty's End - The Fall of Nero

Lecture # 16.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EC4QwAhuHcs

 

Tony Robinson's Nero

Documentary (48:43)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QsJK9KKswTs

 

Nero

Discussion on the BCC weekly Thursday radio programme In Our Time hosted by Melvyn Bragg

With guests Maria Wyke, Matthew Nicholls and Shushma Malik

25 April 2019

https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/m0004cp7

 

-------------------

 

 

Seneca the Younger

Lucius Annaeus Seneca (4 BC – AD 65), born in Cordoba, Spain; son of Seneca the Elder; Stoic philosopher, dramatist and humorist of the Silver Age of Latin literature; exiled to Corsica by Caligula in 41; returned to Rome in 49; tutor to the young Nero and later a close advisor to Nero the emperor; forced to commit suicide when accused of conspiring to assassinate Nero.

 


Seneca the Younger

Discussion on the weekly Thursday BBC radio programme In Our Time hosted by Melvyn Bragg

With guests Mary Beard, Catharine Edwards and Alessandro Schiesaro

23 February 2017

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b08fh0bh

 

 

                   -----------------

 

 
Revolt in Britain
 
Revolt against Roman rule in Britain
 
 
 
The Celts
 
Blood, Iron and Sacrifice
 
Part 3 of 3-part 2015 BBC documentary with Neil Oliver and Alice Roberts
 
Bodicacia and the Battle of Watling Street (AD 60/61)
 
 
 
 

Boudicca statue

Statue of Boudica by Westminster

Bridge in London

 
Boudica means Victory, or Victoria
 
 
Boudica
 
Discussion on the weekly Thursday BBC radio programme In Our Time hosted by Melvyn Bragg

 

With Juliette Wood, Richard Hingley and Miranda Aldhouse-Green

 
11 March 2010
 

 

Winds of Change

Episode 3 of Rome in the First Century

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wNhaFSGeiAY

 

Boudica

Revolt against Romans in Britain

Episode from the documentary series Battlefields with Peter and Dan Snow

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xv0ETqF-WOQ

 

 

 

In Search of Boudica

 

1980 episode from the BBC documentary series In

Search of the Dark Ages with Michael Wood

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WL594VdzmJs

 

or

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WL594VdzmJs

 

or in 5 clips:

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XxXMUOUXZ5Q

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?

v=l6TX7Tmk7BY&feature=related

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XRubVuMZSOM&feature=related

 

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DmLe35rcsFg&feature=related

 

5. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j1PLXlO4Qes&feature=related

 

&