Oliver's Site

14. Rome and Byzantium (Nova Roma)














Table of Contents | 1. Earth | 2. The Origin of Life and Evolution of Man | 3. Civilisation | 4. Fertile Crescent | 5. Egypt | 6. Indus Valley | 7. Yellow River (Haung He/Huang Ho) | 8. Hittites, Canaanites, Phoenicians, Assyrians | 9. New World (B. C./Pre-Columban) | 10. Greeks and Persians | 11. Rome ( - B. C. - A. D. 96) | 12. Saul of Tarsus | 13. Rome ( - A. D. 275) | 14. Rome and Byzantium (Nova Roma) | 15. Islam | 16. Charlemagne | 17. Vikings | 18. Turks, Crusaders, Mongols, Moors, Explorers and Conquistadors | 19. Reformation, Enlightenment (1300s -1700s) | 20. Mid-1700s - early 1900s | 21. The Great War | 22. Inter-War Years | 23. The War in Europe and Africa | 24. Second World War | 25. War in the Pacific | 26. Defeating the Axis in Europe and Africa | 27. End of Japanese Imperialism | 28. Ending the War | 29. Conquest of Space | 30. Averting Nuclear War | 31. End of Empire | 32. Man on the Moon | 33. Arms Race and Limitation | 34. Lifting the Iron Curtain | 35. Outer Space | 37. | 42.





 
 
Continued from previous page, 13
 
 
 

 

 

Carus, Carius, Numerian

 

 

 

Diocletian

R. 284 - 305

Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Augustus (244 - 311) (r. 284 to 305), from Dalmatia. Ended a long period of chaos in the empire and reunited it. Established the Tetrarchy. Launched the last and most extensive persecution of Christians in Roman history. Established the capital of the empire in Nicomedia in Asia Minor. First emperor to retire on his own. 

 

- Diocletian appointed a junior (or deputy) emperor in 285, promoted him to subordinate co-emperor in 286 and assigned him the riule of the western half of the Roman Empire.

As the paramount leader and ruler, Diocletian established the imperial capital in Nicomedia in Anatolia in 286. His co-emperor ruled the western half of the empire from Milan in northern Italy.

- In 293, Diocletian estabished the Tetrarchy   -   rule of the empire by four emperors. There were two co-emperors, one in the east and one in the west. Each emperor had a deputy emperor to rule two further divisions of the east and west. Thus, the empire was divided into four regions, two in the east and two in the west. The junior emperor in the west ruled from Trier in Germany and the junior emperor in the east ruled from Sremska Mitrovica, a town near Belgrade in Serbia. 

Tthe four regions were actually separate military spheres of influence, essentially for border defense, and not clearly defined geographic administrative zones.

(Each senior co-emperor was called the Augustus. Each deputy emperor was called the Caesar.)   

- Diocletian launched the last and harshest persecution of Christians in history (303 - 311).

- Diocletian was the first emperor to abdicate voluntarily, in 305, during (or after) a long illness, and compelled his co-emperor in the west to abdicate at the same time.

 

The Tetrarchy

Map of the Tetrarchy: the Roman Empire divided into four military regions, each ruled by an emperor.

 

A Quick Overview of Diocletian's Tetrarchy

The Roman "Rule by Four"

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6cwf8e_RSfw 

 

Diocletian

Episode from the documentary series Emperors of Rome

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vuKSi8_w-hw

 

Tour of Split, Croatia (Highlights)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DUiVlqpGXMM

 

The Tetrarchs, porphyry sculpture taken from Constantinople by the Crusaders in 1204 and today in the San Marco Basilica in Venice

Pompey's Pillar, Alexandria, Egypt, Corinthian column erected in AD 297 in commemoration of Diocletian's suppression of a revot in Alexandria

 

The Early Middle Ages

Two lectures by Paul Freedman from a course, The Early Middle Ages, 284--1000 (HIST 210), at Yale U., Fall 2011

Lecture # 1

Rome's Greatness and First Crises

The Roman Empire before the Crisis of the Third Century   -   Flaws of the Roman Empire

You Tube:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZC8JcWVRFp8

Yale:

 

Transcript:
 

Lecture # 2

The Crisis of the Third Century and the Diocletianic Reforms

Introduction and Logistics   -   Third Century Crisis and Barbarian Invasions   -   The Problem of Succession   -   The Problem of Inflation   -   The Ruin of The Local Elite   -   Diocletian and his Reforms

You Tube:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2B9b9mUPJik

Yale:

 

Transcript:

 

 

 
Senator GL2000 - Gold with Camel Velour Front Panel

The History of Christian Thought and Practice

Lecture from the course The History of Christian Thought and Practice (1) by Jim L. Papandrea at the Garrett-Evangelical Theological Seminary in Evanston, Illinois (2012) 

Lecture 10.

Persecution and the Controversies over the Lapsed and Baptism

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nCpVRTFDl_s 

(see more lectures Papandrea below)

 

Fall of the Pagans and the Origins of Medieval Christianity

24-lecture Course by Kenneth W. Harl

The Great Courses

Advertisement

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rqSrZ3DAQhw

Course description

http://www.thegreatcourses.com/tgc/courses/course_detail.aspx?cid=3466

 

Rome Redux:

The Tetrarchic Renaissance

Lecture by Diana Kleiner, # 22 of the course Roman Architecture HSAR 252, Yale U., Spring 2009 

-   Crisis in the Third Century and the Aurelian Walls   -   The Rise of the Tetrarchy    -   The Decennial or Five-Column Monument in the Roman Forum   -   The Senate House or Curia Julia   -   The Baths of Diocletian   -   The Palace of Diocletian at Split   -   Tetrarchic Palaces around the Empire

You Tube:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y3FFDOUytPs

or

Yale U:

http://oyc.yale.edu/history-art/hsar-252/lecture-22

Transcript:

http://oyc.yale.edu/transcript/404/hsar-252

 

 

-----------

 

 

Ancient Rome and its Mysterious Cities

Docomentary from the Ancient Mysteries series with Leonard Nimoy

Brief description of the history of Rome from the Etruscans to Constantine

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=roQ78GMjTZM

 

 

---------------

 

 

Constantine the Great

R. 306 - 337

Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus Augustus (Constantine the Great) (Constantine I) (Saint Constantine) (AD 272 - AD 337), first Roman emperor (306 - 337) to convert to Christianity; moved the capital of the Roman Empire to Byzantium (Constantinople) 

Vatican Museum

 

Constantine the Great

Discussion on the weekly Thursday radio programme In Our Time hosted by Melvyn Bragg

With Chrisopther Kelly, Lucy Crig and Creg Woolf

5 October 2017

Flash Player required to listen to the programme but download possible.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b096gjw0

 

Constantine the Great

Biography

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3LaSFigCm50

 

Constantine's Arch, Rome

 

Constantine

Episode from the documentary series Ancient Rome  -  The Rise and Fall of an Empire

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Om5SA6El3yA&feature=related

 

 

Constantine the Great 

 

Byzantium and Christianity

 

Episode # 10 of the documentary series

Rome  -  Rise and Fall of an Empire 

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4ifur2iTDKA

 

 

 

Rise and Spread of Christianity in Rome

 

 

How Christianity spread throughout the Roman Empire

 

National Geographic Documentary

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_fdwyAprd6g

 

 

 

Constantine and the Early Church

 

Lecture # 3 by Paul Freedman from a course The Early Middle Ages, 284--1000 (HIST 210) at Yale U., Fall 2011


Introduction   -   Constantine's Rise to Power   -   The Battle of the Milvian Bridge and Constantine's Conversion   -   Constantine as a Christian Emperor   -   The City of Constantinople   -   Constantine intervenes in Church Doctrine   -  Constantine and Diocletian

 

You Tube:

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tcIuAJ-jaSg

 

Yale:

 

 

Transcript:

 

 

 

Rome

 

Episode # 2 of the 2009 documentary series Christianity: A History

 

Michael Portillo considers Constantine

 

http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x27voog_christianity-a-history-2-rome_creation

 

 

Constantine and the Cross

 
1962 Hollywood movie
 
 
 
Selling Christianity
 
Secrets of Christianity
 
Episode from the documentary series Decoding the Ancients with Simcha Jacobovici
 
 
 
Like many people in the AD 100s, 200s and 300s, Constantine was a sun-worshiper.
 
Did he really become a Christian?
 
His mother, Helena, became a devout Christian.
 
He legalized Christianity.
 
He built many churches in the empire, especially in Rome and Constantinople.
 
It was claimed that he was baptised late in life and accepted Christianity in his last moments, on his death bed.  

 

 

The empire in the time of Constantine

 

Animated map displays the Roman Empire from the First Tetrarchy established by Diocletian in 295 to the rule of Constantine as sole emperor in 324

 

Byzantium  -  Constantinople

Nova Roma (New Rome)  -  

The Second Rome

 

 

 

 

Byzantium was a 1,000-year-old fishing village of Greek-speaking Christians on the European shore of the Bosporous. Its inhabitants were called Byzantines. They called the empire Romania.

The Roman Emperor Constantine (r. 306 - 337) chose the village for the site of the new capital of the Roman Empire in 324. He called it New Rome   -   Nova Roma. It was on the European side of the Bosporous, across the straight from the Asian side and the empire's current capital, Nicomedia.

The inhabitants of Nova Roma called the new city Constantine’s City   -   Constantinople. They considered themselves Romans. Westerners called them Greeks.

 

Academics divide the history of Byzantium (sometimes called the Eastern Roman Empire) into three periods:

 

Late Antiquity

 

1. Early Period (324 - mid-600s):

 

Foundation of Constantinople in 324

 

The Roman Empire, ruled from Constantinople, extended throughout the entire Mediterranean and was at its height in this period.

 

 

Late Middle Ages

 

2. Middle Period (mid-600s - 1060):

 

Islamic/Muslim/Mohammaden Arab Conquest of the eastern and southern Mediterranean in the mid-600s.

 

The Arab Conquest reduced the Roman Empire to Anatolia (Asia Minor), the Balkans, Greece and Sicily.

 

The Roman Empire faded into legend and became something to recall and try to emulate.

 

The Great Schism of 1053 split the Christian Church into the Orthodox in the east, centered in Constantinople, and the Catholic in the west, centered in Rome.

 

 

3. Late Period (1060 - 1453):

 

The 3rd or Late period can be divided into three sub-periods

 

1. Arrival of the Seljuk Turks in Anatolia in 1064

 

The Seljuk Turks stormed through the Near East, taking Mesopotamia, Syria, Palestine and the holy city of Jerusalem. They occupied most of Anatolia. The Turks called their empire, the Turkish Sultanate, Rome (Rum).

 

The Byzantines appealed to the Pope in Rome for help to combat the Seljuk Turks. The Pope called for a Christian crusade against the Turks. Armies assembled and headed east. Three Crusades.

 

2. The knights of the Fourth Crusade laid siege to Constantinople in 1203, sacked it in 1204 and occupied it to 1261

 

The Crusaders founded the Empire of Romania (or Latin Empire of Constantinople), with a Roman Catholic emperor.

 

The Roman Empire dissolved and fragmented into small rival Greek and Latin states.

 

3. The Byzantines recaptured Constaninople in 1261 and held it to 1453.

 

The  Ottoman Turks laid siege to Constaninople and captured and sacked the city in 1453.

 

 

- The Turks called the inhabitants of Constantinople Romans.

 

- Constantinople was the capital of the Ottoman Empire until its dismemberment by the victorious Allies of the Great War (World War I) in 1922. The much smaller successor state of Turkey was created in 1922. The Turks moved the capital to Ankara in central Anatolia in 1923 and renamed the city of Constantinople Istanbul in 1930.    

 

- Byzantium as a term designating the eastern half of the Roman Empire with its capital in Constantinople was applied for the first time during the Renaissance, after the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks.

 

  

Eugen Weber lectures

The Western Tradition

1. Byzantine Empire

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AlG1IKwRArk

2. Fall of Byzantium

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nZiuNqevql4&feature=related

 

Engineering the Byzantine Empire

Episode from a documentary series with Peter Weller

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e3DsHEVZSu8

or

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v5VM_oKY3r4

 

Byzantium, the Lost Empire

Four-part documentary series with John Romer 

1. Building the Dream

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tqEA1fLSZgo

2. Heaven on Earth

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vEcJ-qoVY3k

3. Envy of the world

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0t6e3iYXAYU

4. Forever and Ever

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=It6q-5cDqGM

All four episodes in one clip:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aWljhb1DEQ8

or

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1K-Nfh84onQ

 

 

Constantinople

 

Hippodrome of Constantinople

 

Architecture of New Rome

Rome of Constantine and a New Rome

Lecture # 23 by Diana Kleiner from the course Roman Architecture (HSAR 252), Yale U., Spring 2009

-   The End of the Tetrarchy and the Rise of Constantine the Great   -  The Baths of Constantine in Rome and the Porta Nigra at Trier   -   The Basilica or Aula Palatina at Trier   -   The Temple of Minerva Medica in Rome   -   The Basilica Nova in Rome   -   The Arch of Constantine and the Enduring Impact of Roman Architecture

You Tube:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ggwf8c0wkck

Yale site:

 

Transcript:

 

 

 

Constantine and Christianity

 

Council of Nicea, A. D. 325

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MBszFV90ZSE&feature=related

 

About the Council of Nicaea

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-nhcgzsaWck&feature=related

 

Council of Nicaea

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sxmyfu5XJVs&feature=related

 

Nicean Creed

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Muo5W5GlGys

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iQL3qtkzMT0

 

Original Nicene Creed, 325

We believe in one God, the Father Almighty, Maker of all things visible and invisible.

And in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the Son of God, begotten of the Father, the only-begotten; that is, of the essence of the Father, God of God, Light of Light, very God of very God, begotten, not made, being of one substance with the Father;

By whom all things were made both in heaven and on earth;

Who for us men, and for our salvation, came down and was incarnate and was made man;

He suffered, and the third day he rose again, ascended into heaven;

From thence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead.

And in the Holy Ghost.

But those who say: 'There was a time when he was not;' and 'He was not before he was made;' and 'He was made out of nothing,' or 'He is of another substance' or 'essence,' or 'The Son of God is created,' or 'changeable,' or 'alterable' — they are condemned by the holy catholic and apostolic Church.

 

The Constantinopolitan Creed (381)

We believe in one God, the Father, the Almighty, maker of heaven and earth, of all that is, seen and unseen.
 
We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only Son of God, eternally begotten from the Father, God from God, Light from Light, true God from true God, begotten, not made, of the same substance as the Father. Through him all things were made.

For us men and for our salvation he came down from heaven: by the power of the Holy Spirit, he was born of the Virgin Mary, and became man.

For our sake he was crucified under Pontius Pilate; he suffered, died, and was buried.

On the third day he rose again in accordance with the Scriptures; he ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father.

He will come again in glory to judge the living and the dead, and his kingdom will have no end.

We believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life, who proceeds from the Father (and the Son). With the Father and the Son he is worshipped and glorified. He has spoken through the Prophets.

We believe in one holy catholic and apostolic Church. We acknowledge one baptism for the forgiveness of sins.

We look for the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come.

Amen.

 

The Nicene Creed

Discussion hosted by Melvyn Bragg on In Our Time, BBC weekly radio programme

27 December 2007

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b008jglt

 
Senator GL2000 - Gold with Camel Velour Front Panel

The History of Christian Thought and Practice (1)

Course lectures 11 - 14 by Jim L. Papandrea at the Garrett-Evangelical Theological Seminary in Evanston, Illinois (2012) 

11. The Great Persecution and Constantine

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YKWe9ZXscog

12. The Arian Controversy

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NPuBblvDivw

13. The Council of Nicea

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dR3e5jssD0w

14. The Nicean Creed

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XRCSWGFt1Fk

 

image

 

The Trinity

 

God, the Father;

     Jesus, the Son;

       and

          the Holy Ghost/Spirit

 

 

The Trinity

 

Discussion on the weekly BBC radio program In Our Time with by Melvyn Bragg, March 13, 2014

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b03xgl3m

 

Source: The Orthodox Life  -  The Twenty Ten Theme  -  Blog at WordPress.com

 

Orthodox and Roman Catholic Christianity

Episode from the documentary series Religions of the World

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p7cUuxh3CYY

or

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pkoDZdqBaFM

or

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dOIODKd-Eg0

 

The five major patriarchates of the Christian Church, in order of importance, in 381, were Rome, considered the center of the church in the western half of the Roman Empire; Constantinople, center of the church in the eastern half of the Roman Empire; Alexandria, Antioch and Jerusalem were the other major centers of the church in the eastern half of the Roman Empire.

The five patriachates eventually divided into two churches   -   the Catholic Church, also referred to as the Western Church and Roman Catholic Church, centered in Rome, and the Orthodox Church, also referred to as the Eastern Church and Greek Orthodox Church, centered in Constantinople.

The patriarchates of Alexandria and Antioch split with Constantinople in 451; thus, the Coptic (Egyptian) Church, centered in Alexandria, and the Assyrian (or Syriac) Church, centered in Antioch, became the Oriental Orthodox Church.

Emperor Justinian I (r. 527 to 565) gave the five patriarchates the designation of the Pentarchy in 531.

 

 

-------------

 

 

Julian the Apostate

File:JulianusII-antioch(360-363)-CNG.jpg

Bronze coin from Antioch with the emperor Julian   -   Julian the Apostate (Julianus Apostata)   -   from 360 - 363.

Flavius Claudius Julianus Augustus (331/332 – 363), called Julian the Apostate and Julian the Philosopher, last non-Christian emperor (361 to 363),

 

 

-------------

 

 

Theodosius the Great

(r. 379 -395)

Flavius Theodosius Augustus (347 - 395), Theodosius I, Theodosius the Great, Saint Theodosius, last Roman Emperor (379 - 395) to rule an united empire, with both the eastern and western halves.

Theodosius made Eastern or Orthodox Nicaean Christianity the Roman Empire's official religion. He is considered a saint by the Orthodox Church. He terminated the Olympic Games in Greece.

 

Brief biography:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zGSL5K8jehQ&feature=topics

 

The Christian Roman Empire

Lecture # 4 by Paul Freedman from a course The Early Middle Ages, 284--1000 (HIST 210) at Yale U., Fall 2011

Introduction   -   Julian the Apostate   -   Essential Heresies: Arianism and Donatism   -   Essential Heresies 2: Manicheanism   -   Roman Emperors and Christian Heresies   -   Introduction to St. Augustine's Confessions   -   Platonism

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gzibwdsl_SI


 

Decline and Fall of Rome

Two lectures by Eugen Weber of UCLA from the 1986 lecture series The Western Tradition  

 

Decline of Rome 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1SouL-h70wQ 

 

 

Fall of Rome 

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KgkraiyqmXc&feature=related

 

The Fall of Rome

 

Episode from the German documentary series Fall of Great Empires (50 min.)

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R28GUH9xPY4

 

 

----------------------

 

 

 

Hypatia of Alexandria

 

(ca. A. D. 350-370 - A. D. 415)

 

Hypatia, Greek philosopher,

mathematician and astronomer

in Alexandria

 

 

Alexandria - The Greatest City 

 

Episode # 1 from the documentary series The Ancient Worlds with Bettany Hughes

 

Includes scenes from the 2009 movie Agora

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LjQ6lbwN9R8

 

 

Carl Sagan on Alexandria and Hypatia

 

Excerpts from the series Cosmos 

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Ny91w6JPw4 

 

(Carl Sagan Cosmos - The Library of Alexandria )

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=endscreen&NR=1&v=qT_OrdrtZpk 

 

(Carl Sagan on the great library of Alexandria part 1)

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LuzcO4mWoco 

 

(Carl Sagan on the great library of Alexandria part 2)

 

 

Agora

 

Movie about Hypatia of Alexandria (2009)

 

(2 hrs., 6 min., 23 sec.) 

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UqOYjAHZhJ8

 

or

 

Part 1.

 

https://www.dailymotion.com/video/x3aykb4

 

Part 2.

 

https://www.dailymotion.com/video/x3aw75u

 

or

 

Part 1.

 

https://www.dailymotion.com/video/x1z2mtj

 

Part 2.

 

https://www.dailymotion.com/video/x1z59li

 

Entire film  -  dubbed in Spanish:

 

https://vimeo.com/129808812

 

 

Agora

 

Review of the movie Agora on History Buffs 

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NwUwjkEveBE

 

Hypatia

Eine aussergew÷hnliche Philosophin der Antike

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4fu2NfaF3dA

 

The Astrolabe

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SwDU0VFWlQ8

Astrolabe (TW en long)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jmX3ePwNnVA

 

 

-----------

 

 

 
 
 
Saint Jerome
 
Related image
St Jerome (347 - 320)
 
 
Jerome translated the Hebrew Bible into Latin and revised the Old Latin Gospels by the oldest Greek versions. His translation of the Bible was eventually known as the Vulgate and, by the 1100s, it was the common Bible.
 
    
Thine is the Kingdom
 
Part 5 of 7 of the documentary series Testament with John Romer (1988)
 
 
 
 
 
---------------
 
 
 

Rome, Byzantium and the Barbarians

Romans, Germans and Huns

 

 

 

Barbarians

Documentary with Terry Jones

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7sI8W5zyTcc&feature=related

 

Dark Ages

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KsHSbBxjAOk&feature=related

 

 

Goths

Goths sack Rome, A. D. 410

Roman Emperor Theodosius; General Flavius Stilicho (359? –408); Alaric I, King of the Visigoths (370 - 410); and Artulf, Visigoth general

 

The Goths

Episode from the Barbarians documentary series

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P51eICFxlhk&feature=fvwrel

 

The Fall of Rome

Episode 6 of the BBC documentary series Ancient Rome: The Rise and Fall of an Empire

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-KSH1dSAAJ4

 

The Barbarian General - Flavius Stilicho

Episode # 11 of the documentary series Rome: Rise and Fall of an Empire

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A6Lhkm__pVU 

 

The Savage Goths

Episode from the documentary series Terry Jones' Barbarians

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VtxSeGkeyKk  

 

 

-------------

 

 

Vandals

The Vandals sacked Rome in 455

 

The Vandals

Episode # 2 from the documentary series Barbarians

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YgAZt65tjHo&feature=related 

or

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6Z2J8iAlZMw

 

The End of the World

Episode # 4 of the documentary series Terry Jones' Barbarians

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DWiJWY9e8Do

 

The Vandals of North Africa

Excerpt from The End of the World (episode # 4 of the documentary series Terry Jones' Barbarians)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eysse95L6ZI

 

 

------------------

 

 

Saint Augustine of Hippo

(A. D. 354  -  A. D. 430)

Bishop of Hippo Regius (Annaba, Algeria)

 

Saint Augustine in his Study painted by Sandro Botticelli, 1480, Italy

 

St. Augustine 

2009 Italian movie

Advertisement: 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yAWJFbUYT_w

In English:

3 hrs 19 min. 4 sec.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hvVI3R0nOs4

or

Clip 1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ltUxyOUN6Yo

Clip 2. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hy7kishOwv8

 

St. Augustine in his Study painted by Vittore Carpaccio in 1502

 

St. Augustine's Philosophy and Theology

Bertrand Russell's History of Western Philosophy (Chapter 4 of Book 2)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bhF_-IbL5rA

 

St. Augustine's Confessions

Lecture # 5 by Paul Freedman from the course The Early Middle Ages, 284--1000 (HIST 210), Yale U., Fall 2011

- Why we read The Confessions  

- A Brief Biography of Augustine

- The Problem of Evil

- Fears and Augustine's Conception of Sin 

- Perfectability, Sin, and Grace

You Tube:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KiPJq7-5lH4

Yale:

 

Transcript:

 

Saint Augustine's Confessions

Discussion on the weekly Thursday BBC radio programme In Our Time hosted by Melvyn Bragg

With guests Morwenna Ludlow, Kate Cooper and Martin Palmer

15 March 2018

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b09tyzvz

 

Saint Augustine

From the documentary Western Philosophy

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oCaQV_i3lR0

 

Saint Augustine of Hippo's writings on display in Rome

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9UqYi2wOdGE

 

Archeological site of Hippo

 

 

 

-----------------------------

 

 

Theodosian Walls of Constaninople

 

 

 

Theodosian Walls built by Theodosius II  (Theodosius the Younger) (early 400s)

 

 

------------------------

 

 

Transformation of the Roman Empire

Lecture # 6 by Paul Freedman from a course The Early Middle Ages, 284--1000 (HIST 210), Yale U., Fall 2011

Introduction   -   Catastrophe   -   The Roman Army and the Visigoths   -   Another Kind of Barbarian: The Huns   -   Accomodation   -   Decline

You Tube:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7_ssRpso9e8

Yale:

 

Transcript:

 

 

-------------------

 

 

Huns

 

Huns

Documentary from the Barbarians series

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SQYigCUcZjg

 

Horse Warriors

Episode about the barbarian invasions from the documentary series War and Civilization narrated by Walter Cronkite

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SSWeyeMIvfY&feature=relmfu

 

 

Attila the Hun ( - 453)

Attila

 

Attila

Biographical Documentary

(3 clips)

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OJoPW1xBtnk&feature=related

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WFPI_Z5rDsY&feature=relmfu

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5QaBbIBcNtU&feature=relmfu

 

The Real Attila the Hun

Documentary

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vHnG7DaJgaI&feature=related

 

Attila the Hun

Documentary

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y2f3_IOHW3I&feature=relmfu 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LSNIuACv3KA&feature=relmfu

3. ?

4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jrhRUaMn86k&feature=relmfu

 

Roman General Flavius Aetius and Attila

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dKV5RrUKMLk

 

Battle of the Catalaunian Plains

(Battle of ChÔlons sur Marne)

451

 

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2PqTspSrp54&feature=related

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BgWjCf9psoY&feature=relmfu

or

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pMZHovydSFQ

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uBkNuZ6rySA&feature=relmfu 

 

Attila

2001 Movie ( 3 hrs.)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SILi8bu4-yk

 

 

Barbarian Kingdoms

Lecture # 7 by Paul Freedman from the course The Early Middle Ages, 284--1000 (HIST 210), Yale U., Fall 2011

Introduction   -   Tacitus and the Nature of the Barbarian Tribes   -   The Barbardian Kingdoms   -   Intellectual Life after the Fall of Rome   -   The Barbarian Tribes: Vandals, Moors, Angles, Saxons, and Visigoths   -   The Burgundians and the Burgundian Code

You Tube:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YAVUS-QUe_c

Yale U.:

http://oyc.yale.edu/history/hist-210/lecture-7

Transcript:

http://oyc.yale.edu/transcript/1191/hist-210

 
 
Puppet Master
 
Ricimer, Roman general of Suevi and Goth origins, paramount power from 456 to 472 

Episode # 12 of Rome: Rise and Fall of an Empire documentary series 

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=63XWawXBr-c&feature=related

 

 

 

Last Roman Emperor   

 

End of the western empire

 

Orestes, Roman general (  -  476); his son, Romulus Augustus (460 - 476), last emperor; and the German chief, Odoacer (433 - 493), first King of Italy    

 

Episode # 13 of the documentary series Rome: Rise and Fall of an Empire   

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kUktr-qTTxw

 

 

The Fall of Rome

 

Episode from the German documentary series Fall of Great Empires (50 min.)

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R28GUH9xPY4

 

 

 

 

---------------

 

 

Franks

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xA_SSpQDpl4&feature=related

 

Clovis, First King of the Franks

Baptism of Clovis in Reims, 496; painting by Franšois-Louis Dejuinne, 1837

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nGLsZUIJH1c

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=029m5aLd5TU&feature=related

 

In the Sign of the Cross

Episode from the documentary series The Germanic Tribes

The Franks, Childeric, Clovis and Christianity

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MSjhne1AQOs

 

Clovis and the Franks

History of the Frankish Merovingian kings by Gregory of Tours

Lecture # 10 by Paul Freedman from the course The Early Middle Ages, 284--1000 (HIST 210), Yale U., Fall 2011

You Tube:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3uMZVj5b0Qo&feature=relmfu

Yale:

Transcript:

 

Frankish Society

On the history of the Frankish Merovingian kings by Gregory of Tours

Lecture # 11 of the course The Early Middle Ages, 284--1000 (HIST 210), Yale U., Fall 2011

You Tube:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kNLLrgsAxds&feature=relmfu

 

Gregory of Tours (539 - 594)

 

History of the Franks: Books I-X

 

(Abridged) edited by Paul Halsall, Medieval Sourcebook, Fordham University

 

http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/gregory-hist.asp

 

 

 

 

--------

 

 

 

 

Justinian the Great

 

482 – 565

Justinian, center, and Byzantine general Belisarius, left (Ravenna mosaic)

 

Under Justinian I the Roman Empire reconquered briefly its former possessions in the west for the last time

Brief intro:

 

Justinian the Great

 

A clip by a blogger from edits of a documentary

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yKBop-9j0w8&feature=related

  

Justinian I -

 

"Deus Judex Justus" ("God is just")

 

Images of Justinian assembled by a blogger

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AffmfrVngt0

  

Justinian

 

Clips (2) by a blogger edited from a documentary with Peter Weller, Byzantium - Engineering an Empire

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fpbvCF9Jj40&feature=related 

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4iVAzzQfXO0&feature=related

 

 

The Plague of Justinian

 

A clip from the documentary Dark Ages by a blogger

  

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mzb5K5M8cgY&feature=related 

 

 

The Ravenna mosaic

 

Justinian and his attendants, 6th century, Ravenna

Is that really General Belasarius in the mosaic?

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bJ2knbAEcY8 

 

 

Empress Theodora (center) (Ravenna mosaic)

 

 

Justinian - Der Letzte R÷mer

 

Documentary

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qHv3jfGMx88&feature=related

 

 

 

Early Middle Ages

 

Two of 22 lectures by Paul Freedman from the course Early Middle Ages, 284--1000, Fall 2011, Yale U.  

 

Lecture # 8. Survival in the East

 

- Introduction

- Procopius’ Secret History

- Circumstances of the Survival of the East

- Christological Controversies – Nestorianism and

  Monophysitism

- The Rise of Islam, the Persian Threat, and

  Barbarian Invasions

- Iconoclasm

- Conclusion

 

You Tube:

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cfXChPJZLZE&feature=relmfu 

Yale: 

http://oyc.yale.edu/history/hist-210/lecture-8#ch3 

Transcript:

http://oyc.yale.edu/transcript/1192/hist-210

 

 

Lecture # 9. The Reign of Justinian

 

1. Primary Sources: Procopius and Gregory of Tours
2. The Emperor Justinian
3. Procopius as a source on Justinian
4. Background on Justinian
5. The Circus, the Blues and the Greens, and the Nika Riots
6. Justinian’s Wars
7. Justinian’s Law Code  -  the Corpus Iuris Civilis

 

You Tube:

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pbN8OTHecuI&feature=relmfu

 

Yale:

 

http://oyc.yale.edu/history/hist-210/lecture-9

 

Transcript:

 

http://oyc.yale.edu/transcript/1193/hist-210

 

 

The Secret History of Procopius

 

A translation by Richard Atwater (1927)

 

I. How the great General Belisarius was hoodwinked by his wife, whose lover became a monk

 

II. How belated jealousy affected Belisarius's military judgment, to the joy of the enemy

 

III. Showing the danger of interfering Wwth a woman's intrigues, especially when the woman is the friend of an empress 

 

IV. How Theodora, revenging her dear Antonina, humiliated the conqueror of Africa and Italy . . . . . . .

 

ttp://sacred-texts.com/cla/proc/shp/index.htm

 

or 

 

http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/procop-anec.asp

 

or

 

http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Procopius/Anecdota/home.html

 

 

 

Edward Gibbon

 

 

Portrait of Edward Gibbon (1737 – 1794)

by Henry Walton

 

 

THE HISTORY OF THE DECLINE AND FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE by Edward Gibbon (1788 - 1789)
 
Chapter 40
 
Elevation of Justin the Elder — Reign of Justinian: — I. The Empress Theodora — II. Factions of the Circus, and Sedition of Constantinople — III. Trade and Manufacture of Silk — IV. Finances and Taxes — V. Edifices of Justinian — Church of St. Sophia — Fortifications and Frontiers of the Eastern Empire — Abolition of the Schools of Athens and the Consulship of Rome
 
Chapter 41.
 
Conquests of Justinian in the West — Character and first Campaigns of Belisarius — He invades and subdues the Vandal Kingdom of Africa — His Triumph — The Gothic War — He recovers Sicily, Naples, and Rome — Siege of Rome by the Goths — Their Retreat and Losses — Surrender of Ravenna — Glory of Belisarius — His domestic Shame and Misfortunes
 
Chapter 42.
 
State of the Barbaric World — Establishment of the Lombards on the Danube — Tribes and Inroads of the Sclavonians — Origin, Empire, and Embassies of the Turks — The Flight of the Avars — Chosroes I. or Nushirvan King of Persia — His prosperous Reign and Wars with the Romans — The Colchian or Lazic War — The Ăthiopians
 
Chapter 43.
 
Rebellions of Africa — Restoration of the Gothic Kingdom by Totila — Loss and Recovery of Rome — Final Conquest of Italy by Narses — Extinction of the Ostrogoths — Defeat of the Franks and Alemanni — Last Victory, Disgrace, and Death of Belisarius — Death and Character of Justinian — Comet, Earthquakes, and Plague
 
Chapter 44.

Idea of the Roman Jurisprudence — The Laws of the Kings — The Twelve Tables of the Decemvirs — The Laws of the People — The Decrees of the Senate — The Edicts of the Magistrates and Emperors — Authority of the Civilians — Code, Pandects, Novels, and Institutes of Justinian: — I. Rights of Persons — II. Rights of Things — III. Private Injuries and Actions — IV. Crimes and Punishments 

 
 

The Return of Justinian the Great

 

A computer artist recounts her search for Justinian the Great on the Internet

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HLmDDFE1oxc

 

 

 

 

Hagia Sophia, built by Justinian I in A. D. 537. Minarets added after the Ottomon siege of Constantinople in 1453

 

Hagia Sophia 3D

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bpa2y5tRizo&feature=related

 

Hagia Sophia, the most beautiful church of the Byzantines

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bL-0uNeoWEE

 

 

A reading of an excerpt from The Buildings by Procopius

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=avUnS0jLeNU 

 

 

Istanbul

 

Travel Guide

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JfoO8x6S4Aw

 

 

 

---------------

 

 

Lombards  

Last of the Germanic invaders, under Alboin, conquer Italy (568 – 774)

Episode from the Barbarians documentary series

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5teZY13KW2w

 

Avars

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VK8be_fbCvc&feature=related

 

Avar graves

documentary about Avar graves found in Croatia in 2011

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tgXhU3ndr0o&feature=related

 

 
















 
 
-------
 
 
 
 
 
 
The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire?
 
Lecture by Gregory Andrete, # 41 of History of the Ancient World (Removed from You Tube)
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
-------------------------
 
 
 
 
 
 
The Roman Empire in Relation to Culture
 
A reading of a chapter from Bertrand Russell's
History of Western Philosophy (1945)
 
 
 
 
------------
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
The Last Romans
 
Excavation of Sagalassos, a city abandoned in the 600s A. D., in southeastern Anatolia
 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vfm-6WgTOHo
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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