Oliver's Site

15. Islam














Table of Contents | 1. Earth | 2. The Origin of Life and Evolution of Man | 3. Civilisation | 4. Fertile Crescent | 5. Egypt | 6. Indus Valley | 7. Yellow River (Haung He/Huang Ho) | 8. Hittites, Canaanites, Phoenicians, Assyrians | 9. New World (B. C./Pre-Columban) | 10. Greeks and Persians | 11. Rome ( - B. C. - A. D. 96) | 12. Saul of Tarsus | 13. Rome ( - A. D. 275) | 14. Rome and Byzantium (Nova Roma) | 15. Islam | 16. Charlemagne | 17. Vikings | 18. Turks, Crusaders, Mongols, Moors, Explorers and Conquistadors | 19. Reformation, Enlightenment (1300s -1700s) | 20. Mid-1700s - early 1900s | 21. The Great War | 22. Inter-War Years | 23. The War in Europe and Africa | 24. Second World War | 25. War in the Pacific | 26. Defeating the Axis in Europe and Africa | 27. End of Japanese Imperialism | 28. Ending the War | 29. Conquest of Space | 30. Averting Nuclear War | 31. End of Empire | 32. Man on the Moon | 33. Arms Race and Limitation | 34. Lifting the Iron Curtain | 35. Outer Space | 37. | 42.





Continued from previous page, 14. Byzantium

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Abraham
 
 
Abraham and his family traveling from Ur to Canaan
 
Map of the Abraham's Journey from Ur to Haran to Egypt
Map of Abraham's travel from Ur to Canaan to Egypt
 
 
Abraham: One Man, One God
 
Documentary film from the series Mysteries of the Bible
 
 
Or in 4 clips:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Abraham dismisses Hagar and Ishmael painting by Guernico
 
 
 
Ibrahim (Abraham)
 
 
Children of Abraham
 
Remembering the Shared Traditions of Judaism, Christianity and Islam
 
Lecture by Robert Baum
 
 
 
Hagar in the Wilderness (1835)
Hagar in the Wilderness by Camille Corot (1796 –1875) (1835)
 
 
 

 
 
-----
 
 
 
The Kaaba, Mecca
 
 
History of the Kaaba in Mecca
 
 
 
The Black Stone of the Kaaba
 
 
 
 
JOURNEY TO MECCA
 
National Geographic documentary

Ibn Battuta of Tangier, explorer, recounts his first pilgrimage to Mecca (1325 - 1326)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U-xC_QmBw9s

 
 
The Hajj
 
Pilgrimage to the Kaaba
 
History Channel documentary about the pilgrimmage to Mecca  
 
 
 
 
 

 

Muhammad and Islam

C. 570 - Birth in Mecca

C. 610 - Revelation by Gabriel on Mount Hira

C. 613 - Preaches to the public for the first time

622 - Hegira - moves to Medina 

622 - 632 - Conquest of Arabia

632 - Death in Medina  

636 - Conquest of Syria

642 - Conquest of Egypt

650 - Conquest of Persia

664 - Invasion of India

680 - Battle of Karbala and the Martydom of Hussain

697 - Conquest of Carthage

712 - Conquest of Spain

732 - Battle of Tours/Poitier - Muhammadan invasion of France defeated

  

Life of Prophet Mohammed

 

BBC documentary film (3 hours) 

 

The Life of Muhammad

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z1JiM8Y7l8o

 

or in three parts:

 

1. The Seeker

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J7LFLbpk8yc

 

2. Holy Wars

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8xkejHvAfd0

 

3. Holy Peace

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WLqdQ038Zr0 

 

 

 

Prophet Muhammad's Biography

 

Episode from the documentary series Biography

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D0qqxRRBdAA&feature=related

 

or 

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U4EL8RVDD_c&feature=related

 

 

 

Life of the Last Prophet & Messenger, Muhammad

 

Documentary film

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Unh5XfRWxo8&feature=related

 

 

 

Muhammad - Legacy of a Prophet

 

PBS Documentary

  

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JAyansvqlSY 

 

 

 

The Qur'an (Koran)

 

 

 

The Secrets of the Qur'an

 

Episode from the documentary series Decoding the Past

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9Bw9JLuNXyE 

 

 

The Qur'an

 

Oldest Quran ever found has little similarity to modern version 

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w_vq9_Wipic

 

 

 

 

Islam: Empire of Faith 

 

2000 PBS documentary series in three parts narrated by Ben Kingsley 

 

Part 1. Prophet Muhammad and the Rise of Islam

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yX3UHNhQ1Zk&feature=related

 

(or in 3 clips)

 

1. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yX3UHNhQ1Zk

 

2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X1PxJomypQE&feature=relmfu

 

3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iI7Qkcyz3tM&feature=relmfu

 

 Part 2. The Awakening

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X1PxJomypQE

 

Part 3. The Ottomans

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iI7Qkcyz3tM

 

All three parts in one:

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s59LfXGMyjY

 

 

 

Early Middle Ages

 

Four lectures by Paul Freedman from the course Early Middle Ages, 284 -1000 A. D. (HIST 210), Fall 2011, at Yale U., New Haven, Connecticut

 

# 14. Mohammed and the Arab Conquests 

 

1. Islam and its Arabian context
2. Bedouin tribes
3. Mohammed

4. Mohammed in Medina and the differentiation of Islam
5. The Tenets of Islam

 

Yale U.:

 

http://oyc.yale.edu/history/hist-210/lecture-14

 

You Tube:

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cXF7RkgANNo

 

Transcript:

 

http://oyc.yale.edu/transcript/1238/hist-210

 

 

# 15. Islamic Conquests and Civil War

 

1. Introduction: apparent paradoxes of Islamic Conquest
2. Mohammed's Successors and the beginnings of conquest
3. Factors favoring Arab Conquest
4. Arab Conquests
5. Internal divisions

 

Yale U.:

 

http://oyc.yale.edu/history/hist-210/lecture-15#transcript

 

You Tube:

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TuRtuYgekuE

 

Transcript:

 

http://oyc.yale.edu/transcript/1239/hist-210

 

 

# 16. The Splendor of the Abbasid Period

 

1. The Rise of the Abbasids
2. Cultural flowering
3. Assimilation of conquered peoples and ideas
4. Mathematics

 

Yale U.:

 

http://oyc.yale.edu/history/hist-210/lecture-16

 

You Tube:

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ji8kKMSLEQo

 

Transcript:

 

http://oyc.yale.edu/transcript/1240/hist-210

 

 

# 17. The Crucial Seventh Century

 

1. Geography and medicine under the Abbasids
2. The collapse of the Abbasid Caliphate
3. The importance of the seventh century
4. The seventh century as a turning point
5. Pirenne Thesis and Conclusion 

 

Yale U.:

 

http://oyc.yale.edu/history/hist-210/lecture-17

 

You Tube:

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=afmnB0o8-jI 

 

Transcript:

 

http://oyc.yale.edu/transcript/1241/hist-210

 

 

 

The Message - The Story of Islam

 

1977 Hollywood movie with Anthony Quinn

  

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qi2AtEKsdUU

 

 

The Making of an Epic

 

Documentary film about the making of the movie The Message

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ogv_dn3M840

 

 

The Rise and Flourishing of Islam

Lecture by Gregory Aldrete, # 45 of History of the Ancient World 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iZqK_2dKLEw (Removed from You Tube)

 

Mohammedan Culture and Philosophy

Chapter from the History of Western Philosophy (1949) by Bertrand Russell

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iDDl1ljHWLA

 

How Islam Began

Lecture by Fred Donner

U. of Chicago

2011 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5RFK5u5lkhA

 

The Caliph

Three-part Al Jazeera documentary

1. Foundation

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P3O9d7PsI48

or

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=heCsl7_iqq8

2. Division

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SuplOE5JB4M

or

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wq5O8i4_Jis

3. Decline

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GXXSo7WzZsk

or

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rmHRHk1-m2E

 

The Arab Conquests

Discussion on the BBC weekly Thursday radio programme In Our Time josted by Melvyn Bragg

With guests Hugh Kennedy, Amira Bennison and Robert Hoyland

26 June 2008

BBC:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00c5xzc

or

https://www.twine.fm/SaiyanTanaka/cmr7s0/bbc-radio-4-in-our-time-2008-the-arab-conquests

or

You Tube:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3457zLYJscg

 

Islamic Law and its Origins

Discussion on the BBC weekly Thursday radio programme In Our Time hosted by Melvyn Bragg

5 May 2011

With guests Hugh Kennedy, Robert Gleave and Mona Siddiqui

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b010t69b

 

Sunni and Shia Islam

Discussion on the BBC weekly Thursday radio programme In Our Time hosted by Melvyn Bragg

With guests Amira Bennison, Robert Gleave and Hugh Kennedy

25 June 2009

BBC:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00l5mhl

You Tube:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5WxYvixnyk8

 

 
----------------
 
 
 
Byzantium
 
 
Black Sea (at top), Sea of Marmara (at bottom)
 
 
The Splendor of Byzantium
 
Lecture # 18 by Paul Freedman from The Early Middle Ages, 284 -1000 A. D., Yale U., Fall 2011
 
Four phases of the Byzantine Empire:
 
1. Justinian's expansion of the empire (532 - 565)
2. Contraction of the empire (565 - 717)
3. Reconstruction of the empire; Iconoclasm (717 - 843)
4. Expansion of the Empire; Golden Age of the Byzantine Empire (843 - 1071)
 
You Tube:
 
 
Yale U.:
 
 
Transcript:
 
 
 
 
The Byzantine Empire at its greatest extent c. 550. Territories in violet were reconquered during reign of Justinian the Great      Western Roman Empire      Eastern Byzantine EmpireThe Byzantine Empire at its greatest extent (550)
 
Map shows the Western Roman Empire and the Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire. Justinian the Great reconquered the West.
 
 
First Arab (Umayyad) Siege of Constantinople (674 - 678)
 
 
 
Second Arab (Umayyad) Siege of Constantinople (717 - 718)
 
Ummayad expansion (661 - 750)
            
 
 
 
 
----------------------
 
 
 

Battle of Tours - Muslim Conquest checked, 732

Charles Martel

686 – 741

Charles Martel vanquishes Umayyads at the Battle of Tours, 732 (portrait by de Steuben)

 

Charles Martel expliqué aux enfants

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r2IkqeyRHi4&feature=related

 

Excerpt from Dark Ages

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CvSbBEoBePg&feature=related

 

Batalla de Poitiers (Tours)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BXfXeo_9jBI&feature=related

 

The Battle of Tours

Discussion of the weekly BBC radio programme In Our Time hosted by Melvyn Bragg

16 January 2014

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wmpr6w9S4Ug

 

 

 
 
 
The Battle of Talas
 
In 751 the Abbasids and the Chinese fought a battle in Central Asia that checked the Arab Conquest to the east and the spread of the Chinese to the west.  
 
Discussion on the weekly Thursday BBC radio programme In Our Time hosted by Melvyn Bragg
 
With guests Hilde de Weerdt, Michael Höckelmann and Hugh Kennedy
 
9 October 2014
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
-----------------
 
 
 
Islam and Science
 
 
Science and Islam
 
3-part BBC documentary series with Jim Al-Khalili
 
A history of science in medieval Islamic civilization (800s - 1100s)
 
Part 1: The Language of Science
 
 
Part 2: The Empire of Reason
 
 
Part 3: The Power of Doubt
 
 
or all three parts in one:
 
 
 
 
Maths in the Early Islamic World
 
Discussion on the weekly Thursday BBC radio programme In Our Time hosted by Melvyn Bragg
 
With guests Colva Roney-Dougal, Peter Pormann and Jim Al-Khalili
 
16 February 2017
 
 
 
 
--------------
 
 
 

 
 
 

The original Cheramun Juma Masjid in Kodungallur, in Kerala, India, built in 628 A.D. Its shape and style refl ect the look of a ‘Hindu’ temple

The Cheramun Juma Masjid in Kerala, first mosque in

India, built in 628.

 

 































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