Christian Debatorial Works
The Humanity of Christ
I. HE HAD A HUMAN BIRTH
He Was Born Of A Woman. He was born of Mary according to the
Gospels and Galatians 4:4. He was born of a virgin as well. We will cover
this in more detail in the incarnation. (Matthew 1:18-2:12, Luke 1:30-38;
2:1-20) Evans has a paragraph that would be good for consideration if
there is any doubt in the mind as to the validity of the virgin birth.
II. HE HAD HUMAN TERMS APPLIED TO HIM
He Was Called The Son Of David: Matthew 1:1, Matthew 12:23,
Matthew 15:22. To be a true son of David, He would have to have been of
the seed of David, and human.
He Was Called The Son Of Abraham: Matthew 1:1. The same applies
here as in the previous comment.
He Was Born Of The Seed Of David: Romans 1:3. This passage adds
proof to the previous two points. The thought of seed indicates a physical
He Was A Descendent Of Adam: Luke 3:23-38 shows the genealogy
tracing back to Adam. This is another proof of the physical, human aspect
of Christ’s nature.
This Fulfilled A Promise To: Eve, Genesis 3:15 and Ahaz, Isaiah 7:14.
Again this strong physical, human link to man is seen.
Jesus is the Greek form of the Hebrew name Joshua: He had a human name
as well as physical descendency.
He Was Called A Carpenter: Mark 6:3 Along with his human name,
descendency we see that He was involved in a physical occupation, that of
a carpenter. If only God why would He need to subject Himself to such
things. Indeed, if only God, why go through the process of birth, growing,
learning, and the other mundane things of human life?
He Was Called A Man: 1 Timothy 2:5 The apostle Paul was quite in
error if this Jesus were only God.
He Was Flesh And Blood: Hebrews 2:14 To be flesh and blood, is to be
human. We have no other creature on earth that has flesh and blood that
are not animal or human. With all of the characteristics of a human, then
He must have been human.
III. HE HAD HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
He Was One Of The Early Home Schoolers: Luke 2:40,
“And the child grew, and became strong in spirit,
filled with wisdom; and the grace of God was upon him.”
He Matured As Other Humans Mature: Luke 2:52, “And Jesus
increased in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and man.”
He Was Taught But Probably Not In Schools: There is a possibility
that he had some teaching in the synagogue. Luke 4:16 shows that he could
read in the synagogue. John 7:15 mentions that the Jews marveled at his
He Visited The Temple: Luke 2:41,46,47 tells us that he visited in a big
way and shocked a few teachers.
He Knew The Scriptures: Luke 4:17 tells us that he had a working
knowledge of the Scriptures. Enough of a knowledge to find a certain
passage in Isaiah
“And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet, Isaiah. And
when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written,”
Matthew 4:4 and the context are the testing in the wilderness and it shows
that he had a good understanding of the Scripture.
His knowledge of the Scriptures may well have come from a combination
of three things, His teaching from His parents, His own personal study
and His communion with the Heavenly Father.
IV. HE HAD ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF HUMAN NATURE
He Had A Human Body: Hebrews 10:5 mentions his body. Hebrews
10:10 tells us that we are sanctified by the offering of His body. “By
which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus
Christ once for all.” Matthew 26:12 tells of Jesus body being anointed.
John 2:21, “But he spoke of the temple of his body.” Hebrews 2:14
mentions he had flesh and blood.
He Had A Human Body After The Resurrection: His body was human,
even though it was glorified. Luke 24:39, “Behold my hands and my feet,
that it is I myself; handle me, and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones,
as ye see me have.
He Had A Soul: Matthew 26:38 Indeed it sorrowed. John 12:27, Act.
He Had A Spirit: Mark 2:8, “And immediately, when Jesus perceived in
his spirit that they so reasoned within themselves, he said unto them, why
reason ye these things in your hearts.” Mark 8:12, Luke 23:46, John 13:21.
Since it has been shown that He had a human body, a human soul, and a
human spirit, then He must have been human.
V. HE HAD THE INFIRMITIES OF THE HUMAN BODY
He Became Tired: John 4:6,
“Now Jacob’s well was there. Jesus, therefore, being wearied with
his journey, sat by the well; and it was about the sixth hour.”
He became tired and weary, just as we.
He Became Hungry: Matthew 4:2,
“And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was
afterward hungry.” (Also Matthew 2118)
He Became Thirsty: John 19:28,
“After this Jesus, knowing that all things were now accomplished,
that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst.”
He Slept: Matthew 8:24,
“And, behold, there arose a great tempest in the sea, insomuch that
the boat was covered with the waves; but he was asleep.”
He Was Tempted: Hebrews 2:18, “For in that he himself hath suffered
being tempted, he is able to help them that are tempted.” Hebrews 4:15.
He Was Limited In Knowledge: Mark 13:32,
“But of that day and that hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels
who are in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father.”
Mark 11:13 tells of Him approaching a fig tree with leaves to see if there
was fruit on it. Mark 5:30-34 mentions the woman that touched his
garment. He asked who touched his clothes. Some might suggest that this
was a rhetorical question or that he wanted her to identify herself and that
He really knew who it was. John 11:34 relates that Christ asked where
they had laid Lazarus when He came to raise him. “And said, Where have
ye laid him....”
Since all of these be human traits, it seems very logical to assume that He
too was human.
VI. HE WAS KNOWN AS A MAN
He Was Called A Man By Himself: John 8:40, “But now ye seek to kill
me, a man that hath told you the truth....” If He were less than a man, then
He is a liar.
He Was Called A Man By John The Baptist: John 1:30,
“This is he of whom I said, After me cometh a man who is
preferred before me; for he was before me.”
John was related to Him, indeed, possibly grew up playing with Him.
Surely He would know if He were human or not.
He Was Called A Man By Peter: Acts 2:22,
“Ye men of Israel, hear these words: Jesus of Nazareth, a man
approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which
God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know;”
He Was Called A Man By Paul: Acts 13:38,
“Be it known unto you, therefore, men and brethren, that through
this man is preached unto you the forgiveness of sins;”
1 Corinthians 15:21, 1 Corinthians 15:47, Philippians 2:8.
He Was Known As A Man: John 7:27, “Nevertheless, we know this
man....” John 10:33.
He Was Known As A Jew: John 4:9,
“Then saith the woman of Samaria unto him, How is it that thou,
being a Jew, askest drink of me, who am a woman of Samaria? For
the Jews have no dealings with the Samaritans.”
He Was Thought To Be Older Than He Was: John 8:57 (around 30 at
“Then said the Jews unto him, Thou art
not yet fifty years old, and hast thou seen Abraham?
He Was Accused Of Blasphemy For Calling Himself Other Than
Man: John 10:33,
“The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone thee not, but
for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God.”
If the Jews did this they were assured in their own minds that He was a
He Had The Appearance Of A Man Post-Resurrection: John 20:15
relates that Mary took Him for a gardener. John 21:4,5 tells that the
disciples didn’t know who He was when He was standing on the shore.
He Appeared In Human Form In Glory: 1 Timothy 2:5,
“For there is one God, and one mediator
between God and men, the man, Christ Jesus,”
He Will Come In The Same Form: Matthew 16:27,28; 25:31 mentions
his coming again, and Acts 1:10-11 mentions that He will come as He
went. The disciples saw him go in bodily form.
He Appeared In His Bodily Form In Power: Matthew 26:64,65,
“...Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the
right hand of Power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.”
He Will Judge The World As A Man: Acts. 17:31,
“Because he hath appointed a day, in which he will judge the world
in righteousness by that man whom he hath ordained; concerning
which he hath given assurance unto all men, in that he hath raised
him from the dead.”
If He were not a man, then He was one of the great tricksters of all time.
He fooled people from, close friends to acquaintances, from uneducated to
highly educated, and from low class to high class. Such an accomplishment,
if He were not human, was nothing short of trickery and falsehood.
VII. HE DISPLAYED THE EMOTIONS OF A HUMAN
I will list some references and the emotion/emotions that are mentioned.
Matthew 26:36-44 tells of His being depressed, His sorrow, His weakness
of the flesh, and most likely disappointment in his disciples.
Mark 3:5, “And when he had looked round about on them with anger....”
(He is angry with the jews because they were waiting to see if He would
heal on the Sabbath.)
Luke 10:21 tells us that He “rejoiced in the Spirit”.
Luke 22:44, “And being in an agony, he prayed more earnestly....” (This is
the agony in the garden.)
John 11:35, “Jesus wept.”
John 12:27 tells us that His soul was troubled.
John 13:21 — troubled in spirit.
John 13:23 — loved.
VIII. HE NEEDED SPIRITUAL HELP
He prayed: Mark 1:35,
“And in the morning, rising up a great while before day, he went
out, and departed into a solitary place, and there prayed.
Luke 22:44, “And being in an agony, he prayed more earnestly....”
The thought of needing help gives added meaning to the disciples going to
sleep in the garden just before His arrest. How saddened He must have
been when His best friends would not pray with or for him.
I have a number of times been in prayer meetings and asked for prayer for
a real burden. The real burden usually came when no one prayed for my
request. I wonder at times when a pastor asks for requests in a worship
service, and people respond with real needs and hear him pray briefly for,
“these requests of your people.” Yes, God hears and He will probably
answer, but there must be some disappointment.
He was empowered by the Holy Spirit: Acts. 10:38,
“How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit, and
with power; who went about doing good, and healing all that were
oppressed of the devil; for God was with him.”
If Christ needed to be empowered then surely He must have been human.
IX. HE NEEDED TO BE A MAN
There is seldom reference to any need of His humanity, but it was a
necessary requirement within God’s overall plan. Paul mentions in I
“But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of
them that slept. For since by man came death, by man came also the
resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ
shall all be made alive. But every man in his own order: Christ the
firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ’s at his coming.”
Not only does this text declare Christ’s humanity, but it points out the
need of that humanity.
Without humanity, Christ could not provide the perfect life to sacrifice.
Without humanity, Christ could not provide the sacrificial death on the
cross. Without humanity, Christ could not provide the resurrection of the
As man fell by representation in Adam, so man had to be represented by
man in the plan of redemption.
It would seem that His humanity is of great necessity.