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Silent Spring: Rachel Carson moves toward Exploration, Encounter, and Exchange
Annotated Bibliography


Cool Links
Process Paper
Annotated Bibliography

Primary Sources


"Chemicals and Pesticides". 2 April 2003. FAEC.


            This site provided me with a series of facts and figures for the use of DDT

            and its effects. I was astonished to see that most of the figures did not

            exactly match the facts that Carson gave. It made me question the truth

            to Carson's facts that she uses to prove her thesis. I used this in my

            encounter link.

Milne, Lorus. Theres Poison All Around Us Now. New York Times,

            September 23, 1962.


            I found this article on the internet. This is an article about the reaction 

            from Silent Spring in the New York Times. This article is a basic

            overview of the first few parts of the book that were printed in the

            paper. It gives a basic idea of how some newspaper reporters felt

           about the book and the action it suggested the people needed to take. 

           This article provides me another primary source for my bibliography. It

           does not really tell me anything that I already didnt know from reading

           the book. But nonetheless it stresses some of the major points of 

           Carsons book.


Carson, Rachel. Lost Woods: The Discovered Wrting of Rachel Carson. Boston,

            Massachusetts: Beacon Press, 1999.
            In this book Linda Lear gathers several magazine pieces and journal

            entries written by Carson. In some of the articles Carson talks about the

            hazards to the environment, while in others she reveals her feelings about

            how she is just an "avergae-sized women". Overall, it helps to reveal

            Carson's character. I used this book in my annotated bibliography.

Carson, Rachel. Always, Rachel. Boston, Massachusetts: Beacon Press, 1996.

           This book consists of the private letters between Rachel Carson and 

           Dorothy Freeman. They talk about birds, books, and the

           changing seasons. It also reveals more of Carson's emotions as a writer

           and scientific reporter. I used this source as a primary source for my


Carson, Rachel. Silent Spring. New York, New York: Houghton Mifflin

           Company, 1962.

            I found this book at the library. Silent Spring is the book that gave

            Rachel Carson the honor that she deserves. It talks about the use 

            of pesticides and the chemistry behind them, as well as the dangers of

            using them. It also includes an introduction by Vice President Al Gore 

            who was a boy at the time the book came out and whose life was

            greatly impacted by this novel. This book will be very helpful in setting

            up the basic information behind the use of pesticides. It will offer a

           direct opinion straight from Rachel Carson herself, which will be very

            important when I do a website and present some of Carsons

           statements about the use of pesticides.

 Carson, Rachel. Under the Sea-Wind. New York, New York: Oxford

            University Press, 1941.

            I found out about this book at the local bookstore. This novel presents

            a naturalistic picture of ocean life. It talks about the struggles different

            marine organisms are up against in daily: those struggles caused by

            natural selection, and those caused by humans from above. Personally, 

            I am really interested in anything about the ocean, so this book was

            especially intriguing. This will be helpful in my website when I talk

            about books that Carson wrote.

 Carson, Rachel. The Sea Around Us. New York, New York: Oxford

            University Press, 1951.

            This is another book by Rachel Carson. I found out about this book

            from my local bookstore. It talks about the geography of the sea, and

            the formation of the earth and the moon. It was more factual than most

            of her other books, which are more opinionated. Overall, it was a good

            source. I will use it in listing her books on my website.


Secondary Sources


Brockerman, Steven. Rachel Carson: Environmentalist Mythology killing Us

           Softly. Capitalism Magazine. August 11, 2002


           I found this article on the internet. It was a quite lucky find because this

           article argues against Carsons views. The first thing I read is: One would

           have to conclude, given the facts, that environmentalists are either insane

           or intent upon eradicating every human being from the face of the

           planet. I had yet to find a source that called Carson childish and naive,

           so it was interesting to read this article. This source will definitely be

           useful in supporting my ideas that Carson is someone to honor, not

           mock. This will be helpful in giving quotes that explain the good points

           of pesticides.

Endangered Planet. People's Century Episode. PBS.

          This site was again found on the internet. I was very grateful that I found  

          this site and more grateful that PBS provided so many links on their site.

          This particular episode showed some of the places were pollution really

          started effecting humans and animals alike, and a lot of people will

          remember instances like this one in Japan. Richard Ayre's interview

         provided me with an account of an actual environmentalist who was affected

         long after Carson's book was first published. It is a very good site with 

         some audio as well.

Fooling With Nature. Frontline. 1998. PBS. 02 October 2003.

          I used this timeline for my cool links page. It provides information from 

          before Rachel Carson's story and way past it. I like it because it sums up

          all of the happenings in the environmental movement. It provides readers 

          with a good  overview.  

Groshong, Kimm. The Noisy Response to Silent Spring: Placing Rachel Carsons

            Work in Context.



             This essay written by a Pomona College student reveals what

             Silent Spring did for the society in its times. He explains how this

             new message shocked Americans and got good and bad responses.

             I gained insight from this source for my writing and to help develop my

             own opinion on this topic.

On the Edge: Ecology is Hep. PBS Online. 1998.

         I was excited when I found this site on the internet. Basically its an

         overview of all of Carson's efforts in a fun to read, colorful cartoon. Delightful

         source. It was useful in my cool links page.

Mackie, Adam P. Remembering the Legacy of Rachel Carson. The Northern

            Light, 2001.


            I found this article on the internet. It is an article from the student

            magazine from the University of Alaska. It was written to inform

            readers about the honorary commencement held for Rachel Carson on

            her birthday in 2001. Then it goes on to talk about her legacy and

            Silent Spring. What I liked about this source was that it had some

            quotes taken from people apart of clubs for environmental awareness,

            so those should be helpful in making my website.

Makson, Lisa. "Rachel Carson's Ecological Genocide". 31 January 2003. Front 



            This site provided me with infromation that showed me that some of

            Carsons accusations were somewhat hasty. Evidence from back then

            showed that some of these accusations were false. So this site helped

            me to understand and see some other viewpoints.

Miller, Cassandra. Wildlife and Pollution. Enviro Kids, 1997.


            This site was useful in adding to my cool links page. It was found on the

            internet. I like it because it has graphics and allows visitors to visualize

            the extent of these  polluting chemicals and mishappenings. It was made

            by kids so it shows how even the newest members of our environment    

           are trying to help.

Online Ethics Center for Engineering and Science. "Pesticides". Case Western 

           Reserve University. 1995-2003.


           This article on the internet talks about DDT and its effects. It also talks

           about the soil, water, and bioconcentration. It also talks about birds and

           mammals. I especially like the section of DDT and today's usages. I used

           this site for a link and also for some more background information.

"Rachel Carson's Silent Spring and the Beginnings of the Environmental 

           movement in the United States".


           This is a good site for a quick overview of the novel and its impact on the

           society of its time. It includes the impact of the novel, why it aroused so

           much attention and concern. I used this site as a source for my research.

Rachel Carson Homestead Association. Rachel Carson: Author of the

            Environmental Movement.

            March 1, 1996.

            I found this article on the internet. This source talks about Rachel

            Carson and her life and how it was affected by Silent Spring. It talks

            about how what she had hoped would happen in the future did not all

            come true, but how there still might be a chance. It also tell something I

            didnt know which is that breast cancer can be a result of toxins, which

            is weird because Carson died from breast cancer. This site is useful in

            restating facts and telling more about the future of the environment, but

            otherwise there is nothing new. I will use this article as a source to find

            a good overview of her life and the problems that we have yet to solve.

Rachel Carson Trail. 2002.


            This article was found on the internet. Not alot of information was given as

            to who sponsored the website. I used this article for my cool links page,

            and for the map picture. I was excited to see this article because it is a

            site dedicated to Carson.

The Sins of Our Fathers? Think Tank Transcripts: The State of the Earth. 2003.


          This site on the internet was used in my cool links page. It is basically a

          debate between announcers who provide their perspectives on the state of

          our environment and what people like Rachel Carson have done in its

           progress. I like this site for the fact that it offered perspective from people

           and wasn't just stating the facts.

TripodŽ Site Builder. Trellix. 2000.

         This is the program I used to create my site. It provides basic instructions

         on building your site and most importantly provides free web space for one

         time web site creaters. I could not say in words how much this program

         allowed me to create a creative website. It is definitely one of the best web

         page domains out there on the internet.

Watson, Bruce. Sounding the Alarm. Smithsonian Instiution. September 2002 ed.

         This article was found on the internet. It is similar to many of the other

         articles I found, so not really anything new. Although, it did provide more

         commentary on how Carson influenced the environmental movement.

Wichterman, Larry. Rachel Carson: Founder of the Environmental Movement.



            I found this article on the internet. It was part of the Pennsylvania

            biographies. It gives a brief biography of Carson. It highlights the

            honors Carson received in her life. This was not a very helpful source,

            but I did learn of some of the magazines that Carson appeared in as a

            result of Silent Spring. I really cant say if I will use this article at all in

            my essay directly, but the site gave me some ideas for if I want to do a




Henricksson, John. Rachel Carson: The Environmental Movement. Brookfield,

            Connecticut: The Millbrook Press, 1962.

            I found this book at the library. This source is a biography of the

            biologist Rachel Carson, focusing on the events that led her to expose

            pesticide pollution in her book Silent Spring and her legacy as a

            founder of the environmental movement. This is a good adult

            biography. I also found some really good quotes that Carson said in

            television interviews, which will be very helpful in my website. This

            was not a major source, but I did find interesting quotes.

Landau, Elaine. Rachel Carson and the Environmental Movement (Cornerstones

            of Freedom. Second Series). Dublin, Ireland: Children's Press, 2004.

            This was found at the library. It is a bibliography with very nice visual

            representations. I used this in my bibliography. Quite concise overview.

Lear, Linda. Rachel Carson: Witness for Nature. New York, New York:

            Henry Holt and Company, 1997.

            I found this book at the library. This is a bibliography of Rachel

            Carson. It is quite a few pages, 483 to be exact. There are ample

            amounts of notes and many sources given in the bibliography at the

            end. Not only is this book a great bibliography, but an excellent source

            for more sources. It will be helpful when I provide some background

            formation on Rachel Carson and her life before Silent Spring. So it will

            be helpful in my paper when I talk about how Carson not only helped

            the environment through the one book, but through many of her actions

            through her life. This book also talks about how there are still problems

            with pesticides that are unsolved which will help with my exchange part

            in my description on this topic in my website because not all of the

            problems Carson told of were solved. There is still a long ways to go in

            protecting our environment.

Ring, Elizabeth. Rachel Carson: Caring for the Earth. Brookefield, 

           Conneticutt:Millbrook Press, 1992.

           I found this at the library. This book is about a biography on Rachel

          Carson. Although it was not a major source it did provide me with another

          secondary source. It is a quite excellent book for young adults and

          children who wish to read about Carson.

Stwertika, Eve. Rachel Carson. New York/London/Toronto/Sydney: Franklin

            Watts Library Edition, 1991.

            I found this book at the library. This source describes the life and

            studies of Rachel Carson, highlighting her writing and activities to save

            the environment. This is more of a childs bibliography so it contains a

            lot of pictures, which I enjoyed because it showed all the problems

            with our environment today. For instance it had a picture of birds that

            were killed by an oil spill. This book also contains an index and sources

            for further reading. It was helpful in providing a more visual

            presentation. I used this book to give examples of how the  

            environment is in need of help still.

Wadsworth, Ginger. Rachel Carson: Voice for the Earth. Minneapolis: Minnesota:

            Lerner Publications Company, 1992.

            I found this source at my local library. It is a bibliography of Rachel

            Carson. It perceives Carson as an intelligent and highly compassionate

            person. What striked me most about this book are the wonderful black

            and white photos of nature and Carson that complement the narrative. I 

            used this source in my bibliography.