In my popularization, I will emphasize training objectives that
focus on how to do things practical in the real world in contrast to more
abstract objectives that may be more suitable for an academic
Many instructional manuals are
either too general or too technical. They cover too little or too much. There are also many
inspiring volumes published by or about individuals who have accomplished
extraordinary things, yet they fail to transfer desirable knowledge or skills.
This is because well knows instructional design principles have either been
ignored or simply there was not interest in developing instruction.
Another problem is the range of instruction. According to Allan Cooper, author of The Inmates Are Running the Asylum, technical
design whether for software or manuals tends to focus on beginners or experts
and neglects the needs of the majority of intermediates, those who passed the
beginners stage and have no need or desire to become experts. They want to know
just enough to accomplish the task on hand.
Elements of the ACPDDIE model
To be continued.