George Kelly’s Personal Construct Theory
Personal Constructs - Characteristic ways of construing how some things are alike and different from each other.
Kelly’s Fundamental Postulate: Behavior, thoughts and feelings are determined by personal constructs used to anticipate events
Kelly’s 11 corollaries:
Definition - application of a construct allows for it to become more explicit and refined.
Extension - Using a constuct to predict events to which the construct has not previously been applied.
11- Sociality -
Kelly’s Role Construct Repertory Test (Rep test)
-constructs that are important to an individual are those that will be used to evaluate events.
-important constructs are identified by similarities and contrasts they use to compare events, people & ideas
Psychological Distress - (psychopathology)
Behavior problems are the result of difficulties in interpreting or predicting events
-Discovering construct system is inadequate for dealing with a situation results in anxiety
-People feel threat when they become aware that important elements of your personal construct system need to be changed.
Fixed role therapy-
1-Client describes his/her strengths and weaknesses
2-Therapist develops a role for the client to follow
3-Client tries role and discusses result with therapist
4-Client gains perspective
Strengths & Weaknesses of Phenomenological Approach:
-Consistent w/ Human Experience
-Emphasizes Present & Future
-Focus is Idiographic
-Rogers: Therapeutic Innovation
-Rogers & Kelly: Comprehensive Theory
-Assessment of Subjective Experience
-Disregard of Developmental History