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References

1 Ken Adachi, The Enemy That Never Was: A History of the Japanese Canadians (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart Limited, 1976), pp. 233-234, 260, 276-277.

2 J.L. Granatstein and G.A. Johnson, "The Evacuation of the Japanese Canadians, 1942: A Realist Critique of the Received Version", in Norman Hillmer, et al., eds., On Guard for Thee: War, Ethnicity, and the Canadian State, 1939-1945 (Ottawa: Canadian Committee for the History of the Second World War, 1988), pp. 101-129.

3 W. Peter Ward, "British Columbia and the Japanese Evacuation", Canadian Historical Review vol. 3 (Sept. 1976), pp. 289-308.

4 Ken Adachi, The Enemy That Never Was: A History of the Japanese Canadians (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart Limited, 1976), pp. 40-42.

5 Alvin Finkel and Margaret Conrad, History of the Canadian Peoples: 1867 to the Present, 2nd ed. (Toronto: Copp Clark Ltd., 1998), pp. 107.

6 John Boyko, Last Steps to Freedom: The Evolution of Canadian Racism (Winnipeg: Watson & Dwyer Publishing, 1995), pp. 42-43.

7 Ken Adachi, The Enemy That Never Was: A History of the Japanese Canadians (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart Limited, 1976), pp. 39-40.

8 Ibid., 13.

9 Ibid., 345.

10 Ibid., 141-152.

11 Ibid., 57-60.

12 Ibid., 37-62.

13 Ken Adachi, The Enemy That Never Was: A History of the Japanese Canadians (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart Limited, 1976), pp. 38; John Boyko, Last Steps to Freedom: The Evolution of Canadian Racism (Winnipeg: Watson & Dwyer Publishing, 1995), pp. 26-27.

14 John Boyko, Last Steps to Freedom: The Evolution of Canadian Racism (Winnipeg: Watson & Dwyer Publishing, 1995), pp. 38-41.

15 Ken Adachi, The Enemy That Never Was: A History of the Japanese Canadians (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart Limited, 1976), pp. 63-86.

16 Alvin Finkel and Margaret Conrad, History of the Canadian Peoples: 1867 to the Present, 2nd ed. (Toronto: Copp Clark Ltd., 1998), pp. 108.

17 Ken Adachi, The Enemy That Never Was: A History of the Japanese Canadians (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart Limited, 1976), pp. 44, 65, 67, 133-4.

18 Ibid., 77.

19 Ibid., 141.

20 Ibid., 142-152.

21 Ibid., 179-80.

22 Ibid., 183.

23 Ann Gomer Sunahara, The Politics of Racism: The Uprooting of Japanese Canadians during the Second World War (Toronto: James Lorimer & Company, 1981), pp. 16-21.

24 Ibid., 13-15.

25 Ibid., 24, 31, 36.

26 J.L. Granatstein and G.A. Johnson, "The Evacuation of the Japanese Canadians, 1942: A Realist Critique of the Received Version", in Norman Hillmer, et al., eds., On Guard for Thee: War, Ethnicity, and the Canadian State, 1939-1945 (Ottawa: Canadian Committee for the History of the Second World War, 1988), pp. 108-109.

27 Ann Gomer Sunahara, The Politics of Racism: The Uprooting of Japanese Canadians during the Second World War (Toronto: James Lorimer & Company, 1981), pp. 24, 31.

28 Alvin Finkel and Margaret Conrad, History of the Canadian Peoples: 1867 to the Present, 2nd ed. (Toronto: Copp Clark Ltd., 1998), pp. 309.

29 J.L. Granatstein and G.A. Johnson, "The Evacuation of the Japanese Canadians, 1942: A Realist Critique of the Received Version", in Norman Hillmer, et al., eds., On Guard for Thee: War, Ethnicity, and the Canadian State, 1939-1945 (Ottawa: Canadian Committee for the History of the Second World War, 1988), pp. 101-129.

30 Cornelius Kampe, "Individual vs. Collective Rights", in D. R. Jones, F.W. Crickard, and T.R. Yates, eds., Ethics and Canadian Defence Policy (Halifax: Dalhousie University, 1992), pp. 49-55.

31 Ken Adachi, The Enemy That Never Was: A History of the Japanese Canadians (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart Limited, 1976), pp. 203; W. Peter Ward, "British Columbia and the Japanese Evacuation", Canadian Historical Review vol. 3 (Sept. 1976), pp. 294; Ann Gomer Sunahara, The Politics of Racism: The Uprooting of Japanese Canadians during the Second World War (Toronto: James Lorimer & Company, 1981), pp. 15, 23, 32-33.

32 R.H. Keyserlingk, "'Agents within the Gates': The Search for Nazi Subversives in Canada during World War II", Canadian Historical Review vol. 2 (1985), pp. 215-219.

33 J.L. Granatstein and G.A. Johnson, "The Evacuation of the Japanese Canadians, 1942: A Realist Critique of the Received Version", in Norman Hillmer, et al., eds., On Guard for Thee: War, Ethnicity, and the Canadian State, 1939-1945 (Ottawa: Canadian Committee for the History of the Second World War, 1988), pp. 102-104.

34 Ibid.

35 Ibid.

36 Ken Adachi, The Enemy That Never Was: A History of the Japanese Canadians (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart Limited, 1976), pp. 175; J.L. Granatstein and G.A. Johnson, "The Evacuation of the Japanese Canadians, 1942: A Realist Critique of the Received Version", in Norman Hillmer, et al., eds., On Guard for Thee: War, Ethnicity, and the Canadian State, 1939-1945 (Ottawa: Canadian Committee for the History of the Second World War, 1988), pp. 105-106.

37 Ken Adachi, The Enemy That Never Was: A History of the Japanese Canadians (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart Limited, 1976), pp. 13-22.

38 Ibid., 31-34.

39 Ayukawa, Michiko (Midge), Guest History Speaker, 4 March 1998.

40 Ibid.

41 Toshiji Sasaki, "The Japanese Association of Canada: Its Democratic Reform and the Destruction of its Democratic System by Vancouver Consul Kaai", in The Study Committee of Christianity & Social Problems, eds., The Study of Christianity and Social Problems (Ottawa: Canadian Committee for the History of the Second World War, July 1992), Vol. XLI, pp. 73.

42 Ayukawa, Michiko (Midge), Guest History Speaker, 4 March 1998.

43 A Yonsei (Fourth generation Japanese-Canadian, name withheld by request), 22 February 1998.

44 Toshiji Sasaki, "The Japanese Association of Canada: Its Democratic Reform and the Destruction of its Democratic System by Vancouver Consul Kaai", in The Study Committee of Christianity & Social Problems, eds., The Study of Christianity and Social Problems (Ottawa: Canadian Committee for the History of the Second World War, July 1992), Vol. XLI, pp. 63-90.

45 Ken Adachi, The Enemy That Never Was: A History of the Japanese Canadians (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart Limited, 1976), pp. 110, 123-124; J.L. Granatstein and G.A. Johnson, "The Evacuation of the Japanese Canadians, 1942: A Realist Critique of the Received Version", in Norman Hillmer, et al., eds., On Guard for Thee: War, Ethnicity, and the Canadian State, 1939-1945 (Ottawa: Canadian Committee for the History of the Second World War, 1988), pp. 105-108.

46 J.L. Granatstein and G.A. Johnson, "The Evacuation of the Japanese Canadians, 1942: A Realist Critique of the Received Version", in Norman Hillmer, et al., eds., On Guard for Thee: War, Ethnicity, and the Canadian State, 1939-1945 (Ottawa: Canadian Committee for the History of the Second World War, 1988), pp. 105-108.

47 Ibid.

48 Rear Admiral E.T. Layton, U.S.N. (Ret.), Captain R. Pineau, U.S.N.R. (Ret.), and John Costello, "And I Was Threre": Pearl Harbor and Midway-Breaking the Secrets (New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc., 1985), pp. 105-106.

49 Ken Adachi, The Enemy That Never Was: A History of the Japanese Canadians (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart Limited, 1976), pp. 199-202, 210-11, 222-224, 263, 286.

50 J.L. Granatstein and G.A. Johnson, "The Evacuation of the Japanese Canadians, 1942: A Realist Critique of the Received Version", in Norman Hillmer, et al., eds., On Guard for Thee: War, Ethnicity, and the Canadian State, 1939-1945 (Ottawa: Canadian Committee for the History of the Second World War, 1988), pp. 116-118.

51 Ken Adachi, The Enemy That Never Was: A History of the Japanese Canadians (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart Limited, 1976), pp. 204-205.

52 Ibid., 208.

53 Rear Admiral E.T. Layton, U.S.N. (Ret.), Captain R. Pineau, U.S.N.R. (Ret.), and John Costello, "And I Was Threre": Pearl Harbor and Midway-Breaking the Secrets (New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc., 1985), pp. 422-429.

54 Ariel Levite, Intelligence and Strategic Surprises (New York: Columbia University Press, 1987), pp. 122-123.

55 Ibid.

56 Rear Admiral E.T. Layton, U.S.N. (Ret.), Captain R. Pineau, U.S.N.R. (Ret.), and John Costello, "And I Was Threre": Pearl Harbor and Midway-Breaking the Secrets (New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc., 1985), pp. 405-417.

57 Ken Adachi, The Enemy That Never Was: A History of the Japanese Canadians (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart Limited, 1976), pp. 234-246.

58 Ayukawa, Michiko (Midge), Guest History Speaker, 4 March 1998.