The Old English sheepdog, bred to herd and protect sheep, is developed in England.
Queen Anne style furniture begins to gain great popularity; featuring the graceful cabriole leg, the style remains popular through the 20th century.
The Boston News-Letter, the first officially sanctioned newspaper in North America, begins publication.
William Wood [WFT Est. 1689-1718-1706] died in Stafford County, Virginia.
The hoop skirt, a basket-like framework worn as a petticoat, becomes fashionable in England and France; it displays the fine fabrics and trimmings of the elaborate costume of the era.
A German farmer produces fish by artificial fertilization, greatly advancing the practice of aquaculture, or fish farming.
Passes across the Blue Ridge mountains leading from eastern Virginia into the Shenandoah Valley were discovered. Emigrants from Pennsylvania and New Jersey began to enter the valley.
The Manor of Leeds played a prominent role in the history of Virginia and probably the Wood family. The following article helps explain it.
William Wood [1689/1718-1743/1803] fathered a son named Dickerson Wood [1740/1747-1706]. Dickerson was born in either Fauquier or Stafford County, Virginia sometime between 1740-1747. Some records spell his name as "Dickinson." His mother's identity is not known. Donald Clark, Louisville, Kentucky, opines, "it is quite likely that Dickerson Wood was named for his mother's side of the family, but that has not been established."
Dickerson Wood's [1740/1747-1706] future wife, a woman named Mary _____ [1740- ] was also born in 1740 in either Fauquier or Stafford County, Virginia.
Donald A. Clark, of Lexington, Kentucky, worked on the genealogy a number of years ago. In a letter dated May 25, 1997 Clark wrote to Larita Couch, also researching the Wood family.
Clark's letter to Couch stated:
Clark enclosed the following with his letter to Couch:
1750-1784: Land grants made to the Ohio Company encouraged exploration beyond the Alleghenies. The new area southeast of the Ohio River was organized by Virginia in 1775 as the District of West Augusta, although much of this was ceded to Pennsylvania in 1786.
May 1, 1759: Fauquier County, Virginia was split off from its parent county, Prince William County. Warrenton is the county seat. It received its name from Francis Fauquier, Governor of Virginia at the time. Its boundaries have remained unchanged since.
The first settlers in the frontier area that became Fauquier arrived in the second decade of the eighteenth century. At that time it was part of the Proprietorship of the Northern Neck, in Stafford and Richmond counties.
Almost all of the land had been granted by the Proprietors through their agents by 1750. Those patents included one for the Manor of Leeds giving Thomas Lord Fairfax, the last of the Proprietors, direct title to 120,000 acres, most of which lay in the foothills of the Blue Ridge in northwest Fauquier. Lord Fairfax began leases -- for lives -- in his Manor in 1753. By the time of the Revolution the population of the half of the county north of the Courthouse village (now Warrenton) exceeded that below it, and the frontier had crossed the Blue Ridge into the Shenandoah Valley and beyond.
Dickerson Wood [1740/1747-1803] married Mary _____ [1740- ] sometime between 1760-1765 in Fauquier County, Virginia. Nothing more is known about Mary. It is believed that Dickerson and Mary had eight children:
The first shoe factory opens, in Massachusetts.
J. B. Delaborde of France invents the first electric musical instrument, an electric harpsichord.
The first steel scissors are produced by English industrialist Robert Hinchliffe. Scissors in various forms had been in use in Asia and Europe since ancient times.
Five-year-old Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart begins composing short musical pieces. The child prodigy develops into one of the West's great musical talents.
The first child of Dickerson Wood [1740/1747-1803] and Mary _____ [1740- ] is believed to have been Mary Wood [1762- ], born, probably, in Virginia.
The French and Indian War ended. Great Britain was in total control of North America. Colonel George Washington gained military experience in the campaigns of the war.
The British Parliament passed the "Sugar Act." The taxation caused a continual state of crisis between Great Britain and the American colonies. This type of thing recurs in history. Governments, by their nature, are always hungry for money. Governments, of course, are run by the aristocracy. The aristocracy required huge sums of money from the "peasants" in order to maintain their life style. The stage was being set for the Revolutionary War.
May 30, 1965: Patrick Henry delivered his famous "Caesar-Brutus" speech opposing the Stamp Act at Williamsburg, Virginia.
Elizabeth Wood [Abt. 1766- ], the second child of Dickerson Wood [1740/1747-1803] and Mary _____-Wood [1740-1815 ], was born in Fauquier County, Virginia.
Ironically, the magnificent natural harbor of San Francisco Bay is discovered on an overland expedition from the south led by Spanish explorer Gaspar de Portolá.
Ann Wood [1769- ], the third child of Dickerson Wood [1740/1747-1803] and Mary _____ Wood [1740-1815 ], was born in Fauquier County, Virginia.
William Wood [1770-1819], the fourth child of Dickerson Wood [1740/1747-1803 and Mary _____ Wood [Abt. 1740-1815], was born in Fauquier County, Virginia.
Dickerson Wood Jr. [abt.1770-1803], sixth child of Dickerson and Mary, was born.
The Wilderness Road opened access across the Cumberland Gap from Virginia into Kentucky during the 1770's. The area that was to become Kentucky was organized as Kentucky County, Virginia, in 1776.
English chemist Joseph Priestly gives the name "rubber" to caoutchouc resin because it can rub out marks.
On November 1, 1770 Dickerson Wood took a standard lease for 100 acres from Lord Fairfax, the Baron of Cameron in Scotland. The lease called for Dickerson Wood to build "or cause to be built a good and sufficient dwelling house" and plant 150 "good apple trees at fifty feet distance in regular order." Dickerson Wood was to pay 20 shillings sterling on Christmas Day of each year. Dickerson's eldest child, Mary, was named as successor to the lease. (Source: Fauquier County Virginia Deed Book 3: pages 41-45).
The indenture from Thomas Lord Fairfax to Dickerson Wood [1740/1747-1803] can be found recorded in Deed Book 5, at page 45, of the records of Fauquier County, Virginia. It reads:
Similar leases signed around 1770 appear to be an effort to open that area of Virginia to the yeoman planter and put large proprietary grants to productive use. Dickerson Wood--and many like him--seem to have been drawn to the opportunity. The proximity to the Rappahannock River was of interest because it provided a natural transportation means to Falmouth/Fredericksburg, and the markets they provided, to trade tobacco and other goods. The Northern portion of the Rappahannock River above the fork with the Rapidann River was then called the Hedgeman River, apparently in honor of Peter Hedgeman, a mill operator.
One of the neighbors of Dickerson Wood was Richard Corley (father of Acquilla Corley) who was drawn to the Manor of Leeds apparently by the same inducement. Corley lived one and one-half miles above Dickerson Wood at the junction of the Hedgeman River and Buck Run Creek.
Dickerson Wood seems to have lived almost exactly where Crest Hill, Virginia is today. He was probably a little southeast of where a little church and graveyard are today. This location is approximately 2 miles West of where Pipers Church and the mill were once located. This is near present day Orlean and Flint Hill, the area where the Notley Maddox family lived. The star in the following Yahoo map shows the location of Crest Hill.
Map of Crest Hill, VA
November 1, 1771:
Deed Book 5, page 45, Fauquier County, Virginia has the following:
January 19, 1772: Overend Dixon [Abt. 1772- ], who will turn out to be my great-great-great grandfather, was born in England.
March 12, 1773: The continuing taxation of the colonists by Britain prompted the various colonies to explore coordination of their protests. On March 12, 1773 at Williamsburg, Virginia the House of Burgesses established a Committee of Correspondence to communicate with the other colonies. Virginia was the first colony to propose an inter-colonial link.
Dickerson Wood [1740/1747-1803] and Mary _____ [1740-1815]'s third and fourth children were sons, Dickerson [1773-1799/1864] and William [1773-1819], both purportedly born in 1773 in Fauquier County, Virginia. Whether they are twins is not known. It appears reasonable to conclude that William was named after his grandfather, William Wood [1689/1718-1743/1803].
A William Wood was on the King George County, Virginia 1773 rent roll. I don’t know whether this is Dickerson’s father or not.
On December 16, 1773 about 340 chests of tea were dumped into the harbor in the "Boston Tea Party" in protest of taxation.
The year of 1774 was a busy year in the colonies. The colonists were getting fed up with Great Britain.
March 31, 1774 under the Boston Port Act the Parliament, in retaliation for the Boston Tea Party, closed the port of Boston until payment was made for the dumped tea.
On May 27, 1774 at Williamsburg, Virginia, the Boston Port Act was denounced by the colonists and one of the earliest proposals in America was made and acted on for a "continental congress."
On June 1, 1774 many Virginians observed a day of fast in support of Boston's action.
June 18, 1774 at Alexandria, Virginia, the Fairfax Resolves were drafted by George Mason and George Washington suspending trade with Britain and calling for a continental congress.
Between August 1-6, 1774 the Fairfax Resolves were adopted. Peyton Randolph, Richard Henry Lee, George Washington, Patrick Henry, Richard Bland, Benjamin Harrison and Edmund Pendleton were elected to represent Virginia in Congress.
The First Continental Congress met September 5, 1774 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Peyton Randolph was elected President.
Donald Clark thinks that William Wood [1770-1819] and Elijah Wood [1776- ] were among the early arrivals to Fauquier County, Virginia. Clark suspects that William [1773-1819], Elijah [1776- ], Dickerson [1773-1799/1864] and James Wood [?-?] were brothers.
Sometime in about 1775 Dinah Walton [Abt. 1775- ], who will later marry Overend Dixon [1772- ], was born in England.
January 14, 1775: The Crown prohibited the sale of arms to the colonies. Gun control had arrived in North America.
March 23, 1775: At St. John’s Church, Richmond, Virginia, Patrick Henry made his famous "Liberty or Death" speech. The delegates voted to put the Virginia colony "into a posture of defense."
April 19, 1775: the battles of Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts occurred.
April 21, 1775: Dunmore ordered the Royal Marines to remove the provincial powder supply from Williamsburg, Virginia.
May 2, 1775: Patrick Henry assembled the Hanover County militia and marched on Williamsburg. Dunmore backed down, offering to pay for the seized powder and gained a truce.
May 6, 1775: Dunmore declared Patrick Henry an outlaw.
May 10, 1775: The Second Continental Congress met at Philadelphia, with Patrick Henry attending. John Hancock replaced the ailing Peyton Randolph as President.
June 15, 1775: The Second Continental Congress unanimously selected George Washington to be Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army.
June 17, 1775: The Battle of Bunker Hill (Breed’s Hill) took place in Massachusetts.
July 15, 1775: Captain Daniel Morgan’s rifle company was en route to George Washington’s camp in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Captain Hugh Stephenson and his company left on July 17. The two units were the first Continental troops recruited in Virginia.
July 16, 1775: Benjamin Franklin was appointed the first Postmaster General. (Note: Wonder how much postage cost back then.]
In the fall of 1775 Virginia established a manufactory of arms at Fredericksburg.
Between October 25-26 Dunmore unsuccessfully attempted to burn Hampton.
November 15, 1775: Dunmore fortified Great Bridge. The British routed the patriots at Kemp's Landing in the first armed encounter in Virginia and the South.
November 23, 1775: British forces, under Dunmore’s command, occupied Norfolk, Virginia. That same day, the Patriots, led by Colonel William Woodford, defeated the British at Second Great Bridge.
December 14, 1775: Both the Virginia and North Carolina militia occupied Norfolk, Virginia.
December 31, 1775: New Years Eve the Colonists assaulted Quebec, led by General Richard Montgomery and Colonel Benedict Arnold and were disastrously repulsed.
January 1, 1776: New Years Day, Dunmore ordered the British fleet to open fire on Norfolk. Most of the town burned.
February 28, 1776: Patrick Henry resigned when he was not promoted to brigadier general.
May 15, 1776: At Williamsburg, the Virginia Convention unanimously voted to instruct the Virginia delegates in Congress to introduce a resolution for independence from Great Britain.
May 22, 1776: The Virginia Committee of Safety sent an expedition West to buy powder from the Spanish.
1776 June 12: At Williamsburg, Virginia, the first Declaration of Human Rights was adopted in America. Written by George Mason, the document later had widespread influence and became the model for the Federal Bill of Rights.
June 19, 1776: The First Virginia Constitution, largely the ideas of George Mason and Thomas Jefferson, was adopted.
July 4, 1776: The Declaration of Independence, drafted by Thomas Jefferson, was adopted by the Continental Congress at Philadelphia.
August 27, 1776: The British, under command of General Howe, defeated the colonists in the Battle of Long Island.
September 15, 1776: The British occupied New York City.
November 16, 1776: The British captured Fort Washington, New York.
December 25, 1776: Christmas Day George Washington crossed the Delaware and in a surprise attack on the British, took Trenton.
William Wood [1689/1718-1743/1803] was on the Dunmore County, Virginia rent roll in 1776.
Elijah Wood [1776- ], second son of Dickerson Wood [1740/1747-1803], was born.
January 3, 1777: George Washington won a victory at Princeton.
August 16, 1777: The Patriots crushed the Hessians at Bennington, Vermont. But, on September 11 the British won at Brandywine Creek, Pennsylvania.
September 19 and October 17 the battles of Saratoga, New York ended with Burgoyne’s surrender of British forces.
October 4, 1777: The British repulsed Washington at Germantown, Pennsylvania. The British captured the Virginia 9th Regiment.
December 19, 1777: Washington’s army began the winter at Valley Forge. While there Baron von Steuben drilled the soldiers in military tactics.
Dickerson Wood [1740/1747-1803] was listed in 1777 on the rent roll as a Tenant of the Manor of Leeds in Fauquier County, Virginia. (State: VA Year: 1777, County: Fauquier, County Record Type: Rent Role, Township: Leeds Manour Page:, Database: VA Early Census Index at www.ancestry.com.)
Dickerson Wood [1740/1747-1803] may have been a part of the Colonial Militia and in some way contributed to American Independence. But no known records support this possibility. In 1778 Dickerson appeared on Triplett’s tithable list with a slave named Luck. His neighbors were Joseph Smith, John Smoot, William and John Day. The Crims (Crimm?) were also neighbors and later showed up in Henry/Carroll County, Kentucky with the Smoots.
Isabella Wood [1778-1805/1871], alleged to be the sixth child and second daughter of Dickerson Wood [1740/1747-1803] and Mary _____ [1740-1815], was born in 1778 in Fauquier County, Virginia. She lived part of the time in Culpeper County, Virginia.
Many of the inhabitants of Fauquier County, Virginia, after the Revolution, had "itchy feet" or at least their younger children did.
Thomas Jefferson raises tomatoes at Monticello, Va. A native of South America, the fruit is introduced to North America from Europe.
Young Napoleon Bonaparte, arrives at the military school of Brienne in France and is subjected to hazing and humiliation. He later conquers much of Europe.
December 4, 1780: Mary Wood [1762- ], daughter of Dickerson Wood [1740/1747-1803] and Mary _____ Wood [Abt. 1740-1815], at age 18, married John Carter [ -Bef. 1795] in Fauquier County, Virginia. I don't know if they had children or not.
Samuel Morrow [1781-1871], Lillie's great-grandfather, was born in Clonquish Parish, Longford, Longford County, Ireland. He later married Susannah Sadlier [1791-1878], the daughter of a Squire. Samuel became a member of the Grenadier Guard which guarded the King.
James Withers, father of Hannah Withers [Abt. 1780- ] (who later married Dickerson Wood [1773-1799/1864]), witnessed the will of John Maddox, Culpeper County in 1782. John Maddox and his wife, Mary Maddox, were the parents of Notley Maddox, grandfather of Nancy Corley [1786-1860], who later married William Wood [1770-1819], and became the daughter-in-law of Dickerson Wood [1740/1747-1803] in 1805.
In 1784, Virginia formally ceded its claims north of the Ohio River to the United States.
September 3, 1786: Dickerson Wood [1773-1799/1864] married Hannah Withers[1780- ], daughter of James Withers and Elizabeth Rosser, in Fauquier County, Virginia. Dickerson and Hannah had five boys and 4 girls. All the boys, except Gabriel Wood [1797- ], went to Nakomis, Montgomery County, Illinois.
A 1786 Court Minute Book shows Dickerson Wood [1740/1747-1803] was granted a civil judgment against Elizabeth Snelling (widow of Benjamin Snelling who died 1774). It was possibly a default judgment. At the same time Dickerson was appointed surveyor of a road in place of Joseph Barbee.
The 1787 tax list of Edward Humston shows Dickerson Wood [1740/1747-1803] with 2 blacks, 6 horses and 7 cattle. Dickerson Wood [1773-1799/1864] was listed separately.
Robert Muir [1767-1820/1830] married Jane Vallandingham [1771-1828] in about 1788. Robert and Jane will become the grandparents of Nancy Jane Batts [1823-1905], one of my grandmothers.
In 1788 Virginia ratified the United States constitution to become a state.
Thomas Burchett Batts, Jr. [1791-1871], future father of Nancy Jane Batts [1823-1905], was born in 1791 in Kentucky.
James Withers [1755-1784], father of Hannah Withers [1780- ], died in 1791.
Susannah Sadlier [1791-1878] was born in Ireland. Susannah, the daughter of a Squire, will ultimately marry Samuel Morrow in 1808.
Kentucky became a state.
January 5, 1792: A Marriage Bond was issued for the marriage of John Withers [1769/1770-Aft. 1828] and Ann Wood [1769- ], age 23, the third daughter of Dickerson Wood [1740/1747-1803] and Mary _____ Wood [Abt. 1740-1815], in Fauquier County, Virginia. ("Wood-Woods Exchange,", a Quarterly Devoted to Southern Wood and Woods Families, Volume Eight, January 1958, Number 1, page 16.) [Note: In earlier times, a marriage bond was given to the court by the intended groom prior to his marriage. It affirmed that there was no moral or legal reason why the couple could not be married and it also affirmed that the groom would not change his mind. If he did, and did not marry the intended bride, he would forfeit the bond. The bondsman, or surety, was often a brother or uncle to the bride, not necessarily a parent. The bondsman could also be related to the groom, or even be a neighbor or friend, but those situations occurred less often.] I don't know whether Ann and John Withers had children.
June 25, 1792: Dickerson Wood approved the estate inventory of James Withers. James Withers had earlier witnessed the will of John Maddox (Culpeper County, VA in 1782) and Mary Maddox in 1787. John Maddox and Mary Maddox were the parents of Notley Maddox, grandfather of Nancy Corley, the daughter-in-law of Dickerson Wood in 1805.
Mary Muir [1792-1830], future wife of Thomas Burchett Batts [1791-1871], was born in Kentucky.
December 24, 1793: A Bond of Marriage for Dickerson Wood Jr. [1773-1864] and Hannah Withers [1780- ] was executed and delivered by John Withers, Hannah's father, to Henry Lee, Esquire, Governor of Virginia. ("Wood-Woods Exchange,", a Quarterly Devoted to Southern Wood and Woods Families, Volume Eight, January 1958, Number 1, page 16.)
The marriage bond reads:
Dickerson Wood [1773-1799/1864] thereafter married Hannah Withers [1780- ], daughter of James Withers [1755-1784] and Elizabeth Rosser Withers [ - ], in Fauquier County, Virginia. Dickerson and Hannah had eight children: (1) Gabriel, (2) Elizabeth, (3) Polly, (4) Malinda (5) Amelia, (6) Fred, (7) Elias, and (8) Absolam. All the boys, except for Gabriel, went to Nakomis, Montgomery County, Illinois.
Thomas Burchette Batts [1791-1871], father of Nancy Jane Batts [1792-1739], settled at "Tom-Tom Town" in Carroll County, Kentucky, on the South fork of Mill Creek. He operated a mill there.
February 8, 1795: Overend Dixon [Abt. 1772- ] and Dinah Walton-Dixon [Abt.1775- ] were married at the Calverley Church, Calverley, Yorkshire, England. They will ultimately have a child they named John Dixon [ - ].
December 10, 1795: A Marriage Bond was issued for the marriage of James Payne [1771-1857] and Elizabeth Wood [1766- ], age 29, daughter of Dickerson Wood [1740-1747-1803] and Mary _____ Wood [Abt. 1740-1815], in Fauquier County, Virginia. ("Wood-Woods Exchange,", a Quarterly Devoted to Southern Wood and Woods Families, Volume Eight, January 1958, Number 1, page 16.) Elizabeth and James Payne had nine children:
December 28, 1795: A Marriage Bond was issued for the marriage of David Cunnagy and Mary Wood, daughter of Dickerson Wood [1740-1747-1803] and Mary _____ Wood [Abt. 1740-1815], in Fauquier County, Virginia. ("Wood-Woods Exchange,", a Quarterly Devoted to Southern Wood and Woods Families, Volume Eight, January 1958, Number 1, page 16.)
English surgeon Edward Jenner successfully inoculates eight-year-old James Phipps against smallpox, introducing the era of vaccination.
Edward Jenner inoculates an eight-year-old boy with smallpox matter, resulting in the development of a vaccine against the disease.
Henry County, Kentucky was formed in 1799 from Shelby County. It is located in the Outer Bluegrass region of the state. It was named after the famous Virginian, Patrick "Give me liberty or give me death" Henry. In 1824, a portion of Henry County became part of Oldham County and, in 1837, another portion became part of Trimble County. The elevation in the county ranges from 425 to 950 feet above sea level. In 1990 the county population was 12,823 in a land area of 289 square miles, an average of 44.4 people per square mile. The county seat is New Castle.
February 19, 1799: A marriage bond in Fauquier County, Virginia was issued for the marriage of Darnold Wood [1753/1779-1804/1866] and Isabella Wood [1778-1805/1871]. ("Wood-Woods Exchange,", a Quarterly Devoted to Southern Wood and Woods Families, Volume Eight, January 1958, Number 1, page 16.) I'm not sure of the identify of Darnold Wood's parents. He and Isabella may well have been cousins.
This page last modified on Tuesday October 15, 2002