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SELECT-OPTIONS


Basic form

SELECT-OPTIONS sel FOR f.

Additions




1. ... DEFAULT g
2. ... DEFAULT g ... OPTION xx ... SIGN s
3. ... DEFAULT g TO h
4. ... DEFAULT g TO h ... OPTION xx ... SIGN s
5. ... MEMORY ID pid
6. ... MATCHCODE OBJECT mobj
7. ... MODIF ID key
8. ... NO-DISPLAY
9. ... LOWER CASE
10. ... OBLIGATORY
11. ... NO-EXTENSION
12. ... NO INTERVALS
13. ... NO DATABASE SELECTION
14. ... VALUE-REQUEST
15. ... VALUE-REQUEST FOR LOW/HIGH
16. ... HELP-REQUEST
17. ... HELP-REQUEST FOR LOW/HIGH

Effect

Declares a variable selection option.

This statement only makes sense in reports, i.e. in programs defined as type 1 in the attributes. You can execute reports with the SUBMIT statement. The statements SELECT-OPTIONS and PARAMETERS determine the technical interface and the user interface. The parameters and selection options you specify are displayed on the selection screen for the user to enter values (see also the addition NO-DISPLAY or SUBMIT without the addition VIA SELECTION-SCREEN .

sel must be 1 - 8 characters long.

Note


Example

SELECT-OPTIONS PROGRAM FOR SY-REPID.

&ABAP-EFFECT& Suppose you create an internal table PROGRAM with the header line fields PROGRAM-SIGN , PROGRAM-OPTION , PROGRAM-LOW and PROGRAM-HIGH . PROGRAM-LOW and PROGRAM-HIGH have the same field attributes as SY-REPID . When the report is executed, a line on the selection screen contains the text 'PROGRAM' or the associated selection text as well as input fields for PROGRAM-LOW and PROGRAM-HIGH . At the end of the line, there is a pushbutton with an arrow. When you press this button, you branch to the 'Complex Selections' screen where you can enter more selection lines for sel . Here, you can formulate very complicated selection conditions. For further information about how these entries determine the result set, see Logical expressions or select Utilities -> Help sel. screen on the 'Complex Selections' screen.

Note

Addition 1

... DEFAULT g

Effect

Proposes the single value g as the default selection when the report is called.

Notes

Example

SELECT-OPTIONS DATE FOR SY-DATUM DEFAULT SY-DATUM.

Addition 2

... DEFAULT g ... OPTION xx ... SIGN s
( xx is OPTION , i.e. one of the values EQ,NE,CP,NP,GE,LT,LE,GT ); s is SIGN , i.e. one of the values I or E )

Effect

Similar to " ... DEFAULT g ", except that the system also proposes the specified selection option and SIGN .
You can specify the additions OPTION and SIGN in any order or omit them. The standard OPTION is EQ , the standard SIGN is I .

Example

DATA CITY(20). SELECT-OPTIONS SO_CITY FOR CITY DEFAULT 'SAN*' OPTION CP SIGN E.
On the selection screen, this results in an entry specifying that cities not beginning with " SAN " are selected.

Notes

Addition 3

... DEFAULT g TO h

Effect

Proposes the range from g to h when the report is called.

Note

For each SELECT-OPTION , you can only specify one DEFAULT .

Addition 4

... DEFAULT g TO h ... OPTION xx ... SIGN s
( xx is OPTION , i.e. one of the values EQ,NE,CP,NP,GE,LT,LE,GT ); s is SIGN , i.e. one of the values I or E )

Effect

Similar to " DEFAULT g TO h ", except that the system proposes the specified selection option and SIGN .
You can specify the additions OPTION and SIGN in any order or omit them. The default OPTION is BT , the default SIGN is I .

Example

DATA WORD(20). SELECT-OPTIONS SO_WORD FOR WORD DEFAULT 'SPRING' TO 'SUMMER' OPTION NB SIGN I.

On the selection screen, this results in an entry specifying that the words between " SPRING " and " SUMMER " are excluded.

Notes


Addition 5

... MEMORY ID pid

Effect

On the selection screen, the SET/GET ID pid is assigned to the left range limit of the selection criterion.

Note

You must specify the memory ID without quotation marks. It can be up to 3 characters long.

Addition 6

... MATCHCODE OBJECT mobj

Effect

On the selection screen, the matchcode object mobj is assigned to the left range limit of the selection criterion.

Note

You must specify the name of the matchcode object without quotation marks. It can be up to 4 characters long.

Addition 7

... MODIF ID key

Effect

The specified modification group ( SCREEN-GROUP1 ), which can be used for screen modifications, is assigned to the screen fields.

Note

You must specify the name of the modification group without quotation marks. It can be up to 3 characters long.

Example

TABLES SAPLANE. ... SELECT-OPTIONS S_PTYPE FOR SAPLANE-PLANETYPE MODIF ID ABC. ... AT SELECTION-SCREEN OUTPUT. LOOP AT SCREEN. IF SCREEN-GROUP1 = 'ABC'. SCREEN-INTENSIFIED = '1'. MODIFY SCREEN. ENDIF. ENDLOOP.

Addition 8

... NO-DISPLAY

Effect

Does not display the selection on the selection screen. Creates the internal table sel as with 'normal' selection options and you can then transfer the selection option with SUBMIT .

These selection options represent a part of the interface which the user does not see on the selection screen. You can set the values either internally (through the routine INIT in SAPDBldb or INITIALIZATION in the report) or with SUBMIT . These selection options are also stored for variants.

Sometimes, (e.g. when the user has entered particular values for other selection options or parameters ), you may want to display these undisplayed selection options on the screen so that the user can enter values. You can do this in the routine PAI of the database program SAPDBldb (for database-specific selection options) or under AT SELECTION SCREEN (for report-specific selection options) by calling a function module (see CALL FUNCTION ) or your own screen (CALL SCREEN .

Addition 9

... LOWER CASE

Effect

The selection is not case-sensitive (i.e. allows upper and lower case letters).

Addition 10

... OBLIGATORY

Effect

The user must enter a value for this selection (in the LOW field).

Addition 11

... NO-EXTENSION

Effect

The user can only make an entry on one line. Calling the additional "Multiple Selection" screen is not supported and no pushbutton for this appears on the selection screen.

Addition 12

... NO INTERVALS

Effect

The selection option is displayed on the selection screen without a 'to' field. The pushbutton for calling the "Multiple Selection" screen appears immediately after the 'from' field.
This addition thus allows you to generate a simplified display on the selection screen. This is particularly useful if you are not making any range selections for this selection option.

Notes

Addition 13

... NO DATABASE SELECTION

Effect

This addition is allowed only for report-specific SELECT-OPTIONS which refer to a field f belonging to a table dbtab of the logical database. Here, the selections entered by the user are not passed directly to the logical database unless the logical database supports dynamic selections for dbtab (if dynamic selections for dbtab are not supported, the addition has no effect.

This addition can be useful if you only want the selections entered by the user for this SELECT-OPTION to be effective under certain conditions. However, you should be careful when using it: Since the selections have to be checked with CHECK after the records have been read, this has a considerable effect on performance.

Addition 14

... VALUE-REQUEST

Addition 15

... VALUE-REQUEST FOR LOW/HIGH

Effect

This addition is allowed only for database-specific SELECT-OPTIONS in the include program DBxyzSEL (where xyz = logical database name). It allows you to implement self-programmed value help. (To implement self-programmed value help for report-specific SELECT-OPTIONS , you can use the event key word AT SELECTION-SCREEN ON VALUE-REQUEST FOR ... .) If you specify only VALUE-REQUEST (without FOR ... ), the value help refers to both input/output fields of the SELECT-OPTION (i.e. to sel-LOW and sel-HIGH). Otherwise, it refers only to the specified field. The addition has two effects:
The affected input/output fields are displayed on the selection screen with the pushbutton for F4 (possible entries).
When the user presses this button or F4 , this triggers the FORM routine sel-LOW_VAL or sel-HIGH_VAL in the database access program SAPDBxyz (if it exists). If this addition is specified - and even if the SELECT-OPTION with FOR points to a Dictionary field - this FORM routine is executed when the user presses F4 and the check table or the fixed values of the Dictionary field are not displayed. You can, for example, branch from the routine sel-LOW_VAL or sel-HIGH_VAL to a function module which offers a selection list of possible values. At the end of this FORM routine, the contents of the field sel-LOW or sel-HIGH are copied to the appropriate input/output field.

Example

* INCLUDE DBXYZSEL ... SELECT-OPTIONS S_PTYPE FOR SAPLANE-PLANETYPE VALUE-REQUEST FOR LOW. ... REPORT SAPDBXYZ DEFINING DATABASE XYZ. ... TABLES SAPLANE. ... FORM S_PTYPE-LOW_VAL. ... CALL FUNCTION '...'. ... ENDFORM.

Addition 16

... HELP-REQUEST

Addition 17

... HELP-REQUEST FOR LOW/HIGH

Effect

Like VALUE-REQUEST , this addition is allowed only for database-specific SELECT-OPTIONS in the include program DBxyzSEL (where xyz = logical database name). It allows you to implement self-programmed value help. (To implement self-programmed value help for report-specific SELECT-OPTIONS , you can use the event key word AT SELECTION-SCREEN ON HELP-REQUEST FOR ... .) If you specify only HELP-REQUEST (without FOR ... ), the help refers to both input/output fields of the SELECT-OPTION (i.e. to sel-LOW and sel-HIGH). Otherwise, it refers only to the specified field. When the user presses F1 , this triggers the FORM routine sel-LOW_HLP or sel-HIGH_HLP in the database access program SAPDBxyz (if it exists). If this addition is specified - and even if the SELECT-OPTION with FOR points to a Dictionary field - this FORM routine is executed when the user presses F1 and the documentation of the Dictionary field is not displayed. You can, for example, branch from the routine sel-LOW_HLP or sel-HIGH_HLP to a function module which displays its own documentation.

Example

* INCLUDE DBXYZSEL ... SELECT-OPTIONS S_PTYPE FOR SAPLANE-PLANETYPE HELP-REQUEST. ... REPORT SAPDBXYZ DEFINING DATABASE XYZ ... TABLES SAPLANE. ... FORM S_PTYPE-LOW_HLP. ... CALL FUNCTION '...'. ... ENDFORM. FORM S_PTYPE-HIGH_HLP. ... CALL FUNCTION '...'. ... ENDFORM.


Index
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