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YORK


After arriving at York by BritRail from London, we took a cab to our B&B, the Saxon House Hotel. It is operated by a retired British Army Officer and his family.

The hotel consists of about 15 guest rooms, a licensed bar, non-smoking lounge
and a dining room where the breakfasts were served.Meals were also available
later in the day in the bar area.

The blue Hyundai parked in front is the rental car provided by Avis.

 

 

The centerpiece of the city of York is York Minster. It is the largest medieval structure in the United Kingdom. The first Minster dated from the 7th century.The present building is the fourth on the site and was begun in 1220 and was completed in 1472.

The building is a cathedral because it contains the Archbishops 'cathedra" or throne but is also called a Minster because it was a center of Christian teaching or minstering.

 

Click here for brief history of York


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Left - This is a view of the "Shambles", a narrow, cobblestone covered street that was an outdoor slaughterhouse in medieval times which is now lined with souvenir and antique shops. Note how the second stories of some of the houses extend out over the street. This was done to increase the floor area of the second story. In Medieval times, a law was passed forbidding the building of such extensions because they increased the danger of fire spreading from one building to the other across the street.
Right - This is one of several Tudor period buildings in the historic center of the city. Another is Mulberry Hall in Stonegate which is considered to be one of the finest medieval buildings in York and is located about 200 yards from York Minster. In the 15th century it was a private house, and has been a shop since the 18th century. The premises now contain sixteen showrooms of bone china, crystal and silver pieces.

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Left - This is the multiangular tower that is located in the York museum gardens. As a nearby monument explains- "This tower formed the North West corner of the Roman legionary fortress of Eboracum. It was built about 300 A.D. on the site of an older and simpler tower. The larger stonework at the top is medieval. "
Right - Two rivers run through the city of York. The river Ouse and the smaller river Foss. This scene of the river Ouse was taken along a footpath not far from our hotel. Many of these boats are the permanent homes of their owners.

Clifford's Tower

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When I first visited York back in 1962 with Anne and her mother, her mother and I climbed up this steep hill to go through the tower and climb up through winding staircases within the walls. Having been there and done that once before, I was satisfied this time to just take these pictures instead from the base of the mound.


The Vikings

The Vikings conquered and controlled the city from about 866 to 965. Many of the local place names that end in "gate" are derived from the Viking word for street, while the gates that go though the walls surrounding the city are known as "bars", from the Viking word for "gate". Thus a common jingle repeated by the tour guides goes like this-

"A street is a gate, a gate is a bar, and a bar is a pub."

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Left - This is the bar at Walmgate. It is still in use, as the autos in the picture indicate. It is the only town gate in England to have preserved its barbican: a funnel-like approach that forced the attackers to bunch together.
Right
- A street scene in York. An old city church appears in sharp contrast to the modern department stores surrounding it

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Leaving York and inside the train station. Notice all the bikes and scooters lined up waiting for their owners to return.

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