Ooi's Malaysiana Class of Mammals 1997-2004 last updated 18/01/2004
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Class Mammalia

Taxonomy Fam.No. Spp.No.
Class Mammalia
Mammals
97 (?)
4019 (?)
Subclass Prototheria
Prototheria
2 (0)
6 (0)
Order Monotremata (Egg Laying Mammals)

2

6

Subclass Theria
Theria
95 (0)
4013 (0)
Infraclass Metatheria
Pouched Mammals
9 (0)
238 (0)
Order Marsupialia (Marsupians)

9

238

Infraclass Eutheria
Placental Mammals
86 (?)
3375 (?)
Order Insectivora (Insect Eating Mammals)

8

293

Order Dermoptera (Colugos)

1

2

Order Chiroptera (Bats)

17

929

Suborder Megachiroptera (Fruit Bats)

1

130

Suborder Microchiroptera (Non-fruit Bats)

16

799

Order Primate (Primates)

11

174

Suborder Prosimii (Long Snout Primitive Primates)

5

54

Suborder Anthropoidea (Short Snout Higher Primates)

6

120

Infraorder Platyrrhini (Platy Primates)

2

47

Infraorder Catarrhini (Cata Primates)

3

70

Order Cetacea (Whales)

8

83

Suborder Odontoceti (Tooted Whales)

5

73

Suborder Mysticeti (Whalebone Whale)

3

10

Order Edentata (Anteaters, Slots & Armadilles)

3

28

Order Pholidota (Pangolins)

1

7

Order Lagomorpha (Rabbits, Hares & Pikas)

2

64

Order Rodentia (Rodents)

32

1792

Suborder Sciuromorpha (Squirrel-like Rodents)

7

362

Suborder Myomorpha (Mouse-like Rodents)

9

1140

Suborder Hystricomorpha (Porcupine-like Rodents)

16

290

Order Carnivora (Flesh-eating Mammals)

7

245

Suborder Aeluroidea (Cats, Hyenas & Civets)

3

113

Suborder Arctoidea (Dogs, Weasels, Bears & Raccoons)

4

132

Order Pinnipedia (Seals, Sea-lions & Walrus)

3

32

Order Broboscidea (Elephants)

1

2

Order Hyracoidea (Hyraxes or Dassies)

1

6

Order Sirenia (Sea-cows)

2

4

Order Tubulidentata (Aardvark)

1

1

Order Perissodactyla (Odd-toed Hoofed Mammals)

3

15

Suborder Ceratomorpha (Tapirs & Rhinoceroses)

2

9

Suborder Hippomorpha (Horses, Asses & Zebras)

1

6

Order Artiodactyla (Even-toed Hoofed Mammals)

9

172

Suborder Suiformes (Pigs & Hippopotamuses)

3

12

Suborder Tylopoda (Camels)

1

3

Suborder Ruminantia (Ruminants)

5

157





(x) Malaysian , (x*) Farmed or Domesticated

A GUIDE TO THE FAMILIES OF MALAYSIAN MAMMALS
(IN RELATION TO MAMMALS OF THE WORLD)

Order Monotremata (Egg Laying Mammals)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Tachyglossidae Spiny Anteaters or Echidnas
5 (0)
Family Ornithorhynchidae Platypus
1 (0)


Order Marsupialia (Pouched Mammals)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Didelphidae Opossums
65 (0)
Family Dasyuridae Marsupial Mice & Cats
45 (0)
Family Myrmecobiidae Numbat or Banded Anteater
1 (0)
Family Notoryctidae Marsupial Mole
2 (0)
Family Peramelidae Bandicoots
19 (0)
Family Caenolestidae Rat Opossums
7 (0)
Family Phalangeridae Phalanger or Possums
45 (0)
Family Vombatidae Vombats
2 (0)
Family Macropodidae Kangaroos
52 (0)


Order Insectivora (Insect-eating Mammals)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Solenodontidae Solenodons
2 (0)
Family Tenrecidae Ternecs
20 (0)
Family Potmogalidae Otter Shrews
3 (0)
Family Chrysochloridae Golden Moles
20 (0)
Family Erinaceidae Moonrats, Hedgehogs Tikus Ambang Bulan
16 (2)
Family Soricidae Shrews Cencurut
200 (5)
Family Talpidae Moles Tikus Menggali Tanah
19 (1)
Family Macroscelididae Elephant Shrews
14 (0)


Order Dermoptera (Colugos)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Cynocephalidae Colugos or Flying Lemur Kubung
2 (1)


Order Chirotera (Bats)
Suborder Megachirotera (Fruit Bats)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Pteropodidae Flying Foxes & Fruit Bats Cecadu, Keluang
130 (14)
Suborder Microchirotera (Non-fruit Bats)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Rhinopomatidae Mouse-tailed Bats
4 (0)
Family Emballonuridae Sheath-tailed or Tomb Bats Kelawar Ceteng
50 (4)
Family Noctilionidae Bulldog Bats
2 (0)
Family Nycteridae Slit-faced Bats Kelawar Muka Lekok
10 (1)
Family Megadermatidae False Vampire Bats Kelawar Buas
5 (2)
Family Rhinolophidae Horseshoe Bats Kelawar Ladam
50 (26)
Family Rhipposideridae Leaf-nosed Bats
100 (0)
Family Phyllostomatidae American Leaf-nosed Bats
100 (0)
Family Desmodontidae Vampire Bats
3 (0)
Family Natalidae Funnel-eared Bats
115 (0)
Family Furipteridae Smoky Bats
2 (0)
Family Thyropteridae Disc-winged Bats
2 (0)
Family Myzopodidae Madagascar Disc-winged Bats
1 (0)
Family Vespertilionidae Typical Insect Eating Bats Kelawar Biasa
275 (35)
Family Mystacinidae New Zealand Short-tailed Bats
1 (0)
Family Molossidae Mastiff or Free-tailed Bats Kelasar
80 (4)


Order Primate (Primates)
Suborder Prosimii (Long Snout Primitive Primates)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Tupaiidae Tree Shrews Tupai Moncong
20 (3)
Family Lemuridae Lemurs
15 (0)
Family Indriidae Indri & Sifakas
4 (0)
Family Daubentoniidae Aye-aye
1 (0)
Family Lorisidae Lories, Pottos & Bush-babies Kongkang
11 (1)
Family Tarsiidae Tarsiers
3 (0)
Suborder Anthropoidea (Short Snout Higher Primates)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Callitrichidae Marmosets & Tamarins
12 (0)
Family Cebidae Cebid Monkeys
26 (0)
Family Cercopithecidae Old World Monkeys Lotong, Kera, Beruk
60 (5)
Family Hylobatidae Gibbons Ungkar, Wa-wa, Siamang
3 (3)
Family Pongidae Apes Orang Utan
9 (1)
Family Hominidae Man Manusia
1 (1)
Family Hylobatidae & Family Pongidae are sometimes combined by certain autors.


Order Cetacea (Whales)
Suborder Odontoceti (Toothed Whales)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Plaranistidae River dolphins
4 (0)
Family Ziphiidae Beaked Whales Ikan Paus
18 (1)
Family Physteridae Sperm Whales Paus Cacalot
2 (1)
Family Monodontidae White Whales
2 (0)
Family Delphinidae Dolphins & Propoises Lumba-lumba
50 (9)
Suborder Mysticeti (Whalebone Whales)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Eschrichtiidae Californian Grey Whales
1 (0)
Family Balaenopteridae Rorquals Ikan Paus
6 (1)
Family Balaenidae Right Whales
3 (0)


Order Edentata (Anteaters, Sloths & Armadillos)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Myrmecophagidae Anteaters
3 (0)
Family Bradypodidae Slots
5
Family Dasypodidae Armadillos
20 (0)


Order Pholidota (Pangolins)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Manidae Pangolins Tenggiling
7 (1)


Order Lagomorpha (Rabbits, Hares & Pikas)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Ochotonidae Pikas or Mouse Hares
14 (0)
Family Leporidae Rabbits & Hares Arnab
50 (1*)


Order Rodenta (Rodents)
Suborder Sciuromorpha (Squirrel-like Rodents)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Aplodontidae Sewellel
1 (0)
Family Sciuridae Squirrels & Flying Squirrels
250 (25)
Subfamily Sciurinae Diurnal Squirrels Tupai & Kerawak
(14)
Subfamily Petauristinae Flying Squirrels Tupai Terbang & Kubin, Kandau
(11)
Family Geomyidae Pocket Gophers
30 (0)
Family Heteromyidae Kangaroo Rats & Pocket Mice
70 (0)
Family Castoridae Beaver
1 (0)
Family Anomaluridae Scaly-tailed Squrrels
9 (0)
Family Pedetidae Springhaas or Cape Jumping Hare
1 (0)
Suborder Myomorpha (Mouse-like Rodents)
Family Cricetidae Hamsters, Masquash & Lemmings Hamster
570 (1*)
Family Spalacidae Mediterranean Mole Rats
3 (0)
Family Rhizomyidae Bamboo Rats & African Mole Rats Dekan
18 (2)
Family Muridae Old World Rats & Mice Tikus & Wirok
500 (25,2*)
Family Gliridae Dormice
10 (0)
Family Platacanthomyidae Spiny & Chinese Pygmy Dormouse
2 (0)
Family Seleviniidae Desert Dormouse
1 (0)
Family Zapodidae Birch Mice & Jumping Mice
1 (0)
Family Dipodidae Jerboas
25 (0)
Suborder Hystricomorpha (Porcupine-like Rodents)
Family Hystricidae Old World Porcupine Landak
20 (3)
Family Erethizontidae New World Porcupine
23 (0)
Family Caviidae Guinea-pigs & Cavies
23 (1*)
Family Hydrochoeridae Capybara
1 (0)
Family Dinomyidae Pacarana
1 (0)
Family Dasyproctidae Agoutis
30 (0)
Family Chinchillidae Chinchillas & Viscachas
6 (0)
Family Capromyidae Coypus & Hutias
10 (0)
Family Octodontidae Octodonts
8 (0)
Family Ctenomyidae Tuco-tucos
26 (0)
Family Abrocomidae Chinchilla Rats
2 (0)
Family Echimyidae Spiny Rats
75 (0)
Family Thryonomidae Cane Rats
6 (0)
Family Petromyidae Rock Rats
1 (0)
Family Bathyergidae African Mole Rat
50 (0)
Family Ctenodactylidae Gundis & Speke's Pectinator
8 (0)


Order Carnivora (Flesh-eating Mammals)
Suborder Aeluroidea (Cats, Hyenas & Civets)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Felidae Cats Kucing, Harimau
24 (7,1*)
Family Hyaenidae Hyenas & Aardwolf
4 (0)
Family Viverridae Civets & Mongooses Musang, Bambun & Benturong
75 (15)
Suborder Arctoidea (Dogs, Weasel, Bears & Raccons)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Canidae Dogs, Wolves Anjing, Serigala
37 (1,1*)
Family Mustelidae Otters & Weasels Berang, Menkira & Pulasan
70 (6)
Family Ursidae Bears Beruang
7 (1)
Family Procyonidae Racoons & Pandas
18 (0)


Order Pinnipedia (Seals, Sea Lions & Walrus)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Odobenidae Walrus
1 (0)
Family Otariidae Sea Lions & Eared Seals
13 (0)
Family Phocidae Earless or True Seals
18 (0)


Order Proboscidea (Elephants)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Elephantidae Elephants Gajah
2 (1)


Order Hyracoidea (Hyraxes or Dassies)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Procaviidae Hyraxes or Dassies
6 (0)


Order Syrenia (Sea Cows)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Trichechidae Manatees
3 (0)
Family Dugongidae Dugong Duyong-duyong
1 (1)


Order Tubulidentata (Aardvark)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Orycteropodidae Aardvark
1 (0)


Order Perissodactyla (Odd-Toed Hoofed Mammals)
Suborder Ceratomorpha (Tapirs & Rhinoceroses)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Tapiridae Tapirs Tenuk, Cipan
4 (1)
Family Rhinocerotidae Rhinoceroses Badak
5 (2)
Suborder Hippomorpha (Horses, Asses & Zebras)
Family Equidae Horses, Asses & Zebras Kuda
6 (1*)


Order Atiodactyla (Even-Toed Hoofed Mammals)
Suborder Suiformes (Pigs & Hippopotamuses)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Suidae Pigs, Wild Bore Babi, Babi Hutan & Jokut
8 (2,1*)
Family Tayassuidae Peccaries
2 (0)
Family Hippopotamidae Hippopotamuses
2 (0)
Suborder Tylopoda (Camels)
Family Camelidae Camels
3 (0)
Suborder Ruminantia (Ruminants or Cud Chewers)
Family Tragulidae Mouse Deers, Chevrotians Pelanduk & Napuh
4 (2)
Family Cervidae Deer Kijang & Rusa
40 (2,1*)
Family Bovidae Cattle, Goats & Antelopes Seladang, Banting, Kambing
110 (3,5*)
Family Antilocapridae Pronghorn
1 (0)
Family Giraffidae Giraffes
2 (0)




Different sources may list different numbers of Orders, Families or Species.
The Families and Number of Malaysian Species listed here are based on common local varieties.
Occasional strays into Malaysia are not listed.

This page is under construction.
New Orders and Families of Malaysian Mammals will be added on a regular basis.

Coming Soon : Guide to the Species of Malaysian Mammals.
Ke Index FAUNA To FAUNA Index