Ooi's Fauna Malaysiana, Classes of Fishes 1997-2004 last updated 20/01/2004
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Group Pisces

Taxonomy Ord.No. Fam.No. Spp.No.
Group Pisces
Fishes
48
463
12686
SuperClass Agnatha
Jawless Fish

2

2

45

Class Myxini
Hagfish

1

1

 

Class Cephalosipdomorphii
Lamprey

1

1

 

SuperClass Chondrichthyes
Cartilaginous Fish

3

11

575

Class Chondrichthyes
Cartilaginous Fish

3

11

575

SuperClass Osteichthyes
Bony Fish

44

451

12066

Class Sarcoteryii
Lobe-finned Fish

44

451

12066


SuperClass Agnatha

Taxonomy Fam.No. Spp.No.
Class Myxini
Hagfish

1

 

Order Myxiniformes (Hagfish) @

1

 

Class Cephalosipdomorphii
Lamprey

1

 

Order Petromyzontiformes (Lamprey) @

1

 

Old Order Cyclostomata (Lugfish) = Order Myxiniformes + Order Petromyzontiformes

SuperClass Chondrichthyes

Taxonomy Fam.No. Spp.No.
Class Chondrichthyes
Cartilaginous Fish

13

575

SubClass Elasmobranchii
Sharks and Rays

30 (16)

900

InfraClass Selachii
Sharks

(10)

550

Order Heterodontiformes (Horn Sharks)

1

 

Order Orectolobiformes (Carpet Sharks)

7

 

Order Carcharhiniformes (Ground Sharks)

7

 

Order Lamniformes (Mackerel Sharks)

7 (4)

200

Order Hexanchiformes (Sixgill Sharks)

2

 

Order Squaliformes (Squaliform Sharks)

4

 

Order Squatiniformes (Angle Sharks)

1

 

Order Pristiophoriformes (Saw Sharks)

1

 

InfraClass Batoidea
Skates & Rays

13 (6)

350

Order Rajiformes (Skates & Rays)

13 (6)

350

Subclass Holocephali
Fixed Upper Jaw

3

25

Order Chimaeriformes (Chimasras)

3

25


SuperClass Osteichthyes


Taxonomy Fam.No. Spp.No.
Class Actinopterygii
Ray Finned Fish

448

12060

SubClass Chondrostei
Bichirs & Sturgeons

3

33

Order Polypteriformes (Bichirs)

1

12

Order Acipenseriformes (Sturgeons & Paddlefish)

2

22

SubClass Holostei
Jaw not rigid to skull

2

29

Order Semionotiformes (Gar Pike)

1

7

Order Amiiformes (Bow Fish)

2

22

SubClass Teleostei
Jaw rigid to skull

433

11998

Order Elopiformes (Ladyfish & Tarpon)

2

12

Order Anguilliformes (Anguilliform Eels)

15

300

Order Notacanthiformes = Albuliformes (Spiny Eels & Bonefish)

3

20

Order Saccopharyngiformes* (Pelican Eels & Swallowers)

4

?

Order Clupeiformes (Herrings & Anchovies)

6

350

Order Osteoglossiformes (Arapaima & Bonytongues)

4

16

Order Mormyriformes (Mormyrids-Elephant snout fish & Gymnarchids) @

2

150

Order Gonorhynchiformes (Milkfish & Mudheads)

4

15

Order Cypriniformes (Carps, Suckers & Loaches)

5

350

Order Siluriformes (Catfishes)

34

200

Order Characiformes* (Characins & Trahiras)

10

?

Order Gymnotiformes* (Knifefish)

6

?

Order Esociformes* (Pikefish)

2

?

Order Osmeriformes* (Smelt & Noodlefish)

13

?

Order Salmoniformes (Salmon, Pikes & Stomiatoids)

1

500

Order Stomiiformes* (Bristlemouths & Lightfish)

4

?

Order Ateleopodiformes* (Jellynose fish)

1

?

Order Aulopiformes* (Telescopefishes & Aulopus)

13

?

Order Myctophiformes (Lanternfish)

2

300

Order Lampridiformes (Moonfish, Earfish, Ribbonfish, Ophas & Mirrapinnids)

7

50

Order Polymixiiformes* (Beardfish)

1

?

Order Percopsiformes (Pirate Perch, Sand Rollers & Cavefish)

3

10

Order Ophidiiformes* (Carapids & Brotulas)

7

?

Order Gadiformes (Cod & Hakes)

12

450

Order Batrachoidiformes (Toadfish)

1

10

Order Lophiiformes (Anglerfish & Frogfish)

16

150

Order Mugiliformes* (Mullet)

1

?

Order Atheriniformes (Flyingfish & Silversides)

8

600

Order Beloniformes* (Needlefish)

5

?

Order Cyprinodontiformes* (Killifish & Pupfishes)

8

?

Order Stephanoberyciformes* (Whalefish)

9

?

Order Beryciformes (Squirrelfish & Flashlightfish)

7

150

Order Zeiformes (John Dories & Oreos)

6

60

Order Gasterosteiformes (Stickleback, Seahorse & Pipefish)

10

146

Order Pegasiformes (Dragonfish & Seamoths) @

1

4

Order Synbranchiformes (Swamp Eels & Cuchias)

3

7

Order Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfish, Bullheads & Sculpins)

25

694

Order Dacylopteriformes (Flying Gurnards) @

1

6

Order Perciformes (Perch)

146

6495

Order Gobiesociformes# (Clingfish) @

1

100

Order Channiformes (Snakehead, Channas) @

1

5

Order Pleuronectiformes (Flatfish & Flounder)

11

500

Order Tetraodontiformes (Triggerfish, Puffers & Molas)

9

250

Order Ctenothrissiformes# (Macristiid)

1

1

Class Sarcopterygii
Fleshy Finned Fish, Lobe Finned Fish

3

6

SubClass Crossopterygii
Coelacanth

1

1

Order Coelacanthiformes (Coelacanths)

1

1

SubClass Dipnoi
Lung Fish

1

5

Order Ceratodontiformes (Australian lungfish)

1

1

Order Lepidosireniformes (South American & African lungfishes)

2

4



* in Sea World, # in BBian Explorer, @ see extra notes, (x) Malaysian

A GUIDE TO THE FAMILIES OF MALAYSIAN FISHES
(IN RELATION TO FISHES OF THE WORLD)

Order Myxiniformes (Hagfish)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Myxinidae Hagfish ?
(0)

Order Petromyzontiformes (Lampreys)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Petromyzontidae Lampreys ?
(0)

Order Heterodontiformes (Horn Shark)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Heterodontidae Horn, Bullhead, Port Jackson Shark ?
 

Order Orectolobiformes (Carpet Shark)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Parascyllidae Collared Carpet Shark ?
 
Family Brachaeluridae Blind Shark Yu Buta
 
Family Parascyllidae Wobbegon Shark, Cat Shark Yu Bodoh
(2)
Family Hemiscyllidae Bamboo Shark ?
 
Family Ginglymostomatidae Nurse Shark ?
 
Family Stegostomatidae Zebra Shark ?
 
Family Rhincodontidae Whale Shark ?
 

Order Carcharhiniformes (Ground Shark)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Scyliorhinidae Cat Shark, Lazy Shark Yu Cicak
 
Family Proscyllidae Finback Cat Shark ?
 
Family Pseudotriakidaee False Cat Shark ?
 
Family Leptochariidae Barbeled Hound Shark ?
 
Family Triakidae Hound Shark ?
 
Family Hemigaleidae Wasel Shark ?
 
Family Carcharhinidae Requiem Shark ?
 

Order Lamniformes (Mackerel Shark)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Odontaspididae Sand Tiger Shark ?
 
Family Mitsukurinidae Goblin Shark ?
 
Family Pseudocarchariidae Crocodile Shark ?
 
Family Megachasmidae Bigmouth Shark ?
 
Family Alopiidae Thresher Shark ?
 
Family Cetorhinidae Basking Shark ?
 
Family Lamnidae Mackerel Shark ?
 
Family Galeorhinidae Galeorhin Shark Ikan Yu
4
Family Sphyrnidae Hammerhead Shark Yu Bengkong
2

Order Hexanchiformes (Sixgills Shark)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Chlamydoselachidae Frill Shark ?
 
Family Hexanchidae Cow Shark ?
 

Order Squaliformes (Squaliform Shark)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Echinorhinidae Bramble Shark ?
 
Family Dalatiidae Sleeper Shark ?
 
Family Centrophoridae Centrophod Shark ?
 
Family Squalidae Dogfish Shark ?
 

Order Squatiniformes (Angel Shark)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Squatinidae Angle Shark ?
 

Order Pristiophoriformes (Saw Shark)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Pristiophoridae Saw Shark ?
 

Order Rajiformes (Skates & Rays)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Pristidae Sawfish Yu Gergaji
1
Family Torpedinidae Electric Ray Pari Serban
2
Family Narcinidae Narcinid Ray ?
 
Family Rhinidae Rhinid Ray ?
 
Family Rhinobatidae Shovelnose Ray, Guitar Ray Yu Kemajan
3
Family Rajidae Skates ?
 
Family Plesiobatidae Deepwater Ray ?
 
Family Hexatrydonidae Sixgills Ray ?
 
Family Dasyatidae Sting Ray Ikan Pari
8
Family Urolophidae Round Sting Ray ?
 
Family Gymnuridae Butterfly Ray ?
 
Family Aetobatidae = Myliobatidae Eagle Ray Pari Lang
2
Family Mobulidae Manta Ray Pari Paus
1

Order Chimaeriformes (Chimaeras)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Callorhynchidae Plownose chimaeras ?
 
Family Chimaeridae Shortnose chimaeras = Ratfish ?
 
Family Rhinochimaeridae Longnose chimaeras ?
 

Order Polypteriformes (Bichirs)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Polypteridae Bichirs ?
nbsp;

Order Acipenseriformes (Sturgeons)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Acipenseridae Sturgeons ?
nbsp;
Family Polyodontidae Paddlefish ?
nbsp;

Order Semionotiformes (Gar Pike)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Lepisosteidae Gar Pike ?
nbsp;

Order Amiiformes (Bow Fish)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Amiidae Bow Fish ?
nbsp;

Order Elopiformes (Ladyfish & Tarpon)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Elopidae Tarpons, Tenpounders Badang
1
Family Magalopidae Megalops Bulan-bulan
1

Order Anguilliformes (Anguilliform Eel)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Anguillidae Freshwater Eel ?
 
Family Heterenchelyidae Heterenchelyids ?
 
Family Moringuidae Spaghetti Eel ?
 
Family Chlopsidae False Morays ?
 
Family Myrocongridae Myrocongri Eel ?
 
Family Muraenidae Moray Eel ?
 
Family Synaphobranchidae Cutthroat Eel ?
 
Family Ophichthidae Snake Eel, Worm Eel ?
 
Family Colocongridae Colocongrids Eel ?
 
Family Derichthyidae Longneck Eel ?
 
Family Muraenesocidae Pike Conger Eel ?
 
Family Nemichthyidae Snipe Conger Eel ?
 
Family Congridae Conger Eel ?
 
Family Nettastomatidae Duckbill Eel ?
 
Family Serrivomeridae Sawtooth Eel ?
 

Order Notacanthiformes =Albuliformes (Spiny Eels & Bonefish)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Albulidae Bonefish Pisang-pisang
1
Family Halosauridae Halosaurs  
1
Family Notacanthidae Spiny Eels  
1

Order Saccopharyngiformes (Pelican Eels & Swallowers)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Cyematidae Bobtail Snipe Eel ?
 
Family Saccopharyngidae Swallower ?
 
Family Eurypharyngidae Gulpers or Pelican Eel ?
 
Family Monognathidae Monognathids Eel ?
 

Order Clupeiformes (Herrings & Anchovies)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Chirocentridae Wolf Herrings Parang-parang
1
Family Dussumieridae Round Herrings Tamban Jepoh
2
Family Denticipitidae Denticle Herrings ?
 
Family Pristigasteridae Pristigasterids ?
 
Family Clupeidae Herrings & Sardines Tamban & Sardin
10
Family Engraulidae Anchovies Ikan Bilis
8

Order Osteoglossiformes (Arapaima & Bonytongues)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Osteoglossidae Osteoglossids or Bonytongues Kelasa
 
Family Pantodontidae Butterflyfish ?
 
Family Hiodontidae Mooneyes Mata Bulan
 
Family Notopteridae Featherfin, Knifefish or Old World knife ?
 

Order Mormyriformes (Elephant snout fish, Gymnarchids)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Mormyridae Elephantfish ?
 
Family Gymnarchidae Gymnarchids ?
 
Nelson (1994) place these Families under Order Osteoglossiformes

Order Gonorhynchiformes (Milkfish & Mudheads)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Chanidae Milkfish ?
 
Family Gonorhynchidae Beaked Sandfish ?
 
Family Kneriidae Knerids ?
 
Family Phractolaemidae Snake Mudhead ?
 

Order Cypriniformes (Carps, Suckers & Loaches)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Cyprinidae Minnows or Carps ?
 
Family Gyrinocheilidae Algae Eaters ?
 
Family Catostomidae Suckers ?
 
Family Cobitidae Loaches ?
 
Family Balitoridae River Loaches ?
 

Order Siluriformes (Catfish)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Diplomystidae Diplomystid Catfish ?
 
Family Ictaluridae N.American freshwater Catfish ?
 
Family Bagridae Bagrid Catfish ?
 
Family Olyridae Olyrid Catfish ?
 
Family Cranoglanididae Armorhead Catfish ?
 
Family Siluridae Sheatfish ?
 
Family Schilbidae Schilbid Catfish ?
 
Family Pangasiidae Pangasid Catfish ?
 
Family Amphiliidae Loach Catfish ?
 
Family Amphiliidae Loach Catfish ?
 
Family Sisoridae Sisorid Catfish ?
 
Family Amblycipitidae Torrent Catfish ?
 
Family Akysidae Stream Catfish ?
 
Family Parakysidae Parakysid Catfish ?
 
Family Chacidae Squarehead, Angler or Frogmouth Catfish ?
 
Family Clariidae Airbreathing, Labyrinth Catfish ?
 
Family Heteropneustidae Airsac Catfish ?
 
Family Malapteruridae Electric Catfish ?
 
Family Ariidae Sea Catfish ?
 
Family Plotosidae Eeltail Catfish ?
 
Family Mochokidae Squeaker, Upside-down Catfish ?
 
Family Doradidae Thorny Catfish ?
 
Family Ageneiosidae Bottlenose, Barbelless Catfish ?
 
Family Auchenipteridae Driftwood Catfish ?
 
Family Pimelodidae Long-whiskered Catfish ?
 
Family Cetopsidae Whale-like Catfish ?
 
Family Helogenidae Helogen Catfish ?
 
Family Hypophthalmidae Look-down, Loweye Catfish ?
 
Family Aspredinidae Banjo Catfish ?
 
Family Nematogenyidae Nematogenyid Catfish ?
 
Family Trichomycteridae Pencil, Parasitic Catfish ?
 
Family Callichthyidae Callichthyid Armored Catfish ?
 
Family Scoloplacidae Spiny Dwarf Catfish ?
 
Family Loricariidae Suckermouth Armored Catfish ?
 
Family Astroblepidae Climbing Catfish ?
 

Order Characiforme (Characins & Trahiras)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Citharinidae Citharin ?
 
Family Hemiodontidae Hemiodontid ?
 
Family Curimatidae Curimatid ?
 
Family Anostomidae Anostomid ?
 
Family Erythrinidae Trahiras ?
 
Family Lebiasinidae Lebiasinid ?
 
Family Ctenoluciidae Pike-characid ?
 
Family Hepsetidae Hepsetid ?
 
Family Gasteropelecidae Freshwater Hatchetfishes ?
 
Family Characidae Characin ?
 

Order Gymnotiformes (Knifefish)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Sternopygidae Glass Knifefish ?
 
Family Rhamphichthyidae Sand Knifefish ?
 
Family Hypopomidae Hypopomid ?
 
Family Apteronotidae Ghost Knifefish ?
 
Family Gymnotidae Naked-back Knifefish ?
 
Family Electrophoridae Electric Knifefish ?
 

Order Esociformes (Pikefish)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Esocidae Pikes ?
 
Family Umbridae Mudminnows ?
 

Order Osmeriformes (Smelt & Noodlefish)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Argentinidae Argentines, Herring Smelts ?
 
Family Microstomatidae Microstomatids ?
 
Family Bathylagidae Deep Sea Smelts ?
 
Family Opisthoproctidae Barreleyes, Spookfishes ?
 
Family Leptochilichthyidae Leptochilichthyid ?
 
Family Alepocephalidae Slickheads ?
 
Family Platytroctidae Platytroctid ?
 
Family Osmeridae Smelts ?
 
Family Salangidae Icefishes, Noodlefishes ?
 
Family Sundasalangidae Sundaland Noodlefishes ?
 
Family Retropinnidae New Zealand Smelts ?
 
Family Lepidogalaxiidae Salamanderfish ?
 
Family Galaxiidae Galaxiid ?
 

Order Salmoniformes (Salmon, Pikes & Stomiatoids)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Salmonidae Salmonid ?
 

Order Stomiiformes (Bristlemouths & Lightfish)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Gonostomatidae Bristlemouths, Lightfish ?
 
Family Sternoptychidae Marine Hatchetfish ?
 
Family Photichthyidae Lightfish ?
 
Family Stomiidae Barbeled dragonfish ?
 

Order Ateleopodiformes (Jellynose Fish)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Ateleopodidae Jellynose Fish ?
 

Order Aulopiformes (Telescopefishes & Aulopus)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Giganturidae Telescope Fish ?
 
Family Aulopodidae Aulopus Fish ?
 
Family Chlorophthalmidae Greeneye Fish ?
 
Family Ipnopidae Ipnopid Fish ?
 
Family Scopelarchidae Pearleyes Fish ?
 
Family Notosudidae Wary Fish ?
 
Family Synodontidae Lizard Fish ?
 
Family Pseudotrichonotidae Pseudotrichonotid Fish ?
 
Family Paralepididae Barracudina ?
 
Family Anotopteridae Daggertooth ?
 
Family Evermannellidae Sabertooth Fish ?
 
Family Omosudidae Omosudid Fish ?
 
Family Alepisauridae Lancet Fish ?
 

Order Myctophiformes (Lanternfish)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Neoscopelidae Blackchin ?
 
Family Myctophidae Lanternfishes ?
 

Order Lampridiformes (Moonfish, Earfish, Ribbonfish, Ophas & Mirrapinnids)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Veliferidae Velifer ?
 
Family Lamprididae Opah ?
 
Family Stylephoridae Tube-eye, Thread-tail ?
 
Family Lophotidae Crestfishes ?
 
Family Radiicephalidae Tapertails ?
 
Family Trachipteridae Ribbonfishes ?
 
Family Regalecidae Oar Fish ?
 

Order Polymixiiformes (Beard Fish)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Polymixiidae Beard Fish ?
 

Order Percopsiformes (Pirate Perch, Sand Rollers & Cavefish)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Percopsidae Trout Perch ?
 
Family Aphredoderidae Pirate Perch ?
 
Family Amblyopsidae Cave Fish ?
 

Order Ophidiiformes (Carapids & Brotulas)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Carapidae Carapids, Pearlfish ?
 
Family Ophidiidae Cusk Eel ?
 
Family Bythitidae Viviparous Brotula ?
 
Family Aphyonidae Aphyonid ?
 
Family Parabrotulidae False Brotulas ?
 
Family Ranicipitidae Tadpole Cod ?
 
Family Euclichthyidae Eucla Cod ?
 

Order Gadiformes (Cod & Hakes)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Macrouridae Grenadiers, Rattail ?
 
Family Steindachneriidae Luminous Hake ?
 
Family Moridae Morid Cod, Moras, Deep Sea Cod ?
 
Family Melanonidae Pelagic cod ?
 
Family Macruronidae Southern Hake ?
 
Family Bregmacerotidae Codlet ?
 
Family Muraenolepididae Eel Cod ?
 
Family Phycidae Phycid Hake ?
 
Family Merlucciidae Merluccid Hake ?
 
Family Gadidae Cod ?
 

Order Batrachoidiformes (Toad Fish)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Batrachoididae Toad Fish ?
 

Order Lophiiformes (Angler, Frog Fish)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Lophiidae Goose Fish ?
 
Family Antennariidae Frog Fish ?
 
Family Brachionichtyidae Hand Fish, Warty Angler ?
 
Family Chaunacidae Coffin Fish, Sea Toads, Gapers ?
 
Family Ogcocephalidae Bat Fish ?
 
Family Caulophrynidae Caulophrynid Fish ?
 
Family Neoceratiidae Neoceratid Fish ?
 
Family Melanocetidae Melanocetid Fish ?
 
Family Himantolophidae Football Fish ?
 
Family Diceratiidae Diceratid Fish ?
 
Family Oneirodidae Oneirod Fish ?
 
Family Thaumaticthyidae Thaumaticthyid Fish ?
 
Family Centrophrynidae Deep Sea Angler Fish ?
 
Family Ceratiidae Sea Devil Fish ?
 
Family Gigantactinidae Whip Nose Fish ?
 
Family Linophrynidae Linophrynid Fish ?
 

Order Mugiliformes (Mullet)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Mugilidae Mullet, Grey Mullet ?
 

Order Atheriniformes (Flying Fish, Silverside)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Bedotiidae Bedotid ?
 
Family Melanotaeniidae Rainbow Fish ?
 
Family Pseudomugilidae Blue Eye ?
 
Family Atherinidae Silver Side ?
 
Family Notocheiridae Notocheirid ?
 
Family Telmatherinidae Sailfin Silverside, Celebes Rainbow Fish ?
 
Family Dentatherinidae Dentatherinid ?
 
Family Phallostethidae Phallostethid ?
 

Order Beloniformes (Flying Fish, Silverside)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Adrianichthyidae Adrianichthyid ?
 
Family Belonidae Needle Fish ?
 
Family Scomberesocidae Saurie ?
 
Family Exocoetidae Flying Fish ?
 
Family Hemiramphidae Half Beak ?
 

Order Cyprinodontiformes (Killifish)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Aplocheilidae Rivulin ?
 
Family Profundulidae Central America Killifish ?
 
Family Fundulidae Topminnow, Killifish ?
 
Family Valenciidae Valencid Killifish ?
 
Family Anablepidae Foureyed Killifish ?
 
Family Poecileidae Swordtail, Platy ?
 
Family Goodeidae Goodeid, Splitfins ?
 
Family Cyprinodintidae Pupfish ?
 

Order Stephanoberyciformes (Whalefish)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Melamphaidae Bigscale, Ridgehead Fish ?
 
Family Gibberichtyidae Gibber Fish ?
 
Family Stephanoberycidae Prickle Fish ?
 
Family Hispidoberycidae Hispidoberyid Fish ?
 
Family Rondeltiidae Redmouth Whale Fish ?
 
Family Barbourisiidae Red Whale Fish ?
 
Family Centomimidae Flabby Whale Fish ?
 
Family Mirapinnidae Mirapinnid Fish ?
 
Family Megalomycteridae Large Nose Fish ?
 

Order Beryciformes (Squirrelfish, Flashlightfish)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Anoplogastridae Fang Tooth Fish ?
 
Family Diretmidae Spiny Fin Fish ?
 
Family Anomalopidae Flash Light, Lanterneye Fish ?
 
Family Monocentrididae Pinecone Fish ?
 
Family Trachichthyidae Roughie, Slime Head Fish ?
 
Family Berycidae Alfonsinos, Berycid Fish ?
 
Family Holocentridae Squirrel Fish, Soldier Fish ?
 

Order Zeiformes (John Dories & Oreos)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Parazenidae Parazen Fish ?
 
Family Macrurocyttidae Macrurcyttid Fish ?
 
Family Zeidae Dories Fish ?
 
Family Oresomatidae Oreos Fish ?
 
Family Grammicolepididae Diamond Dories Fish ?
 
Family Caproidae Boar Fish ?
 

Order Gasterosteiformes (Stickleback, Seahorse & Pipefish)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Hypoptychidae Sand Eel ?
 
Family Aulorhynchidae Tube Snout ?
 
Family Gasterosteidae Stickle Back ?
 
Family Solenostomidae Ghost Pipe Fish ?
 
Family Sungnathidae Pipe Fish, Sea Horse ?
 
Family Indostomidae Indostomid Fish ?
 
Family Aulostomidae Trumpet Fish ?
 
Family Fistulariidae Comet Fish ?
 
Family Macrorhamphosidae Snipe Fish ?
 
Family Centriscidae Shrimp Fish ?
 

Order Pegasiformes (Dragonfish & Seamoths)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Pegasidae Seamoth Fish ?
 
Nelson (1994) place this Family in Order Gasterosteiformes

Order Synbranchiformes (Swamp Eel & Cuchias)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Symbranchidae Swamp Eel ?
 
Family Chaudhuriidae Chaudhuriid ?
 
Family Mastacembelidae Spiny Eel ?
 

Order Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfish, Bullheads & Sculpins)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Scorpaenidae Scorpion, Rock Fish ?
 
Family Caracanthidae Orbicular Velvet Fish, Coral Croucher ?
 
Family Aploactinidae Velvet Fish ?
 
Family Pataecidae Australian Peow Fish ?
 
Family Gnathanacanthidae Red Velvet Fish ?
 
Family Congiopodidae Race Horse, Pipe Fish, Horse Fish ?
 
Family Triglidae Sea Robin, Gurnard ?
 
Family Bembridae Deep Water Flat Head Fish ?
 
Family Platycephalidae Flat Head Fish ?
 
Family Hoplichthyidae Ghost Flat Head Fish ?
 
Family Anoplopomatidae Sable Fish ?
 
Family Hexagrammidae Greenling Fish ?
 
Family Normanichthyidae Normanichthyid Fish ?
 
Family Rhamphocottidae Grunt Sculpin Fish ?
 
Family Ereuniidae Ereuniid Fish ?
 
Family Cottidae Sculpin Fish ?
 
Family Comephoiridae Baikal Oil Fish ?
 
Family Abyssocottidae Abyssocottid Fish ?
 
Family Hemitripteridae Hemitripterid Fish ?
 
Family Agonidae Poacher Fish ?
 
Family Psychrolutidae Fathead Sculpin Fish ?
 
Family Bathvlutichthvidae Bathvlutichthvid Fish ?
 
Family Cyclopteridae Lump Fish, Lump Sucker ?
 
Family Liparidae Snail Fish ?
 

Order Dacylopteriformes (Flying Gurnards)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Dactylopteridae Flying Gurnard ?
 
Nelson (1994) place this Family in Order Scorpaeniformes

Schindleri
Order Perciiformes (Perch)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Centropomidae Snook Fish ?
 
Family Chandidae Asiatic Glass Fish ?
 
Family Moronidae Temperate Bass ?
 
Family Percichthyidae Temperate Perch Fish ?
 
Family Acropmatidae Temperate Ocean Bass ?
 
Family Serranidae Sea Bass, Grouper ?
 
Family Ostracoberycidae Ostracoberycid Fish ?
 
Family Callanthiidae Callanthid Fish ?
 
Family Pseudochromidae Dottyback Fish ?
 
Family Grammatidae Basslet ?
 
Family Plesiopidae Round Head ?
 
Family Notograptidae Notograptid Fish ?
 
Family Opisthognathidae Jaw Fish ?
 
Family Dinopercidae Dinopercid Fish ?
 
Family Banjosidae Banjosid Fish ?
 
Family Centrarchidae Sun Fish ?
 
Family Percidae Perch ?
 
Family Priacanthidae Bigeye, Catalufas Fish ?
 
Family Apogonidae Cardinal Fish ?
 
Family Epigonidae Deep Water Cardinal Fish ?
 
Family Sillaginidae Sillago Fish, Smelt Whiting ?
 
Family Malacanthidae Tile Fish ?
 
Family Lactariidae False Trevallies ?
 
Family Dinolestidae Long Finned Pike Fish ?
 
Family Pomatomidae Blue Fish ?
 
Family Nemayistiidae Rooster Fish ?
 
Family Echeneididae Remora, Shark Suckers Fish ?
 
Family Rachycentridae Cobia Fish ?
 
Family Coryphaenidae Dolphin Fish ?
 
Family Carangidae Jacks, Pompanos Fish ?
 
Family Menidae Moon Fish ?
 
Family Leioganthidae Pony Fish, Slimy, Slipmouth ?
 
Family Bramidae Promfret Fish ?
 
Family Caristiidae Mane Fish ?
 
Family Emmelichthyyidae Rover Fish ?
 
Family Lutjanidae Snapper, Fusilier Fish ?
 
Family Lobotidae Tripletail Fish ?
 
Family Gerreidae Mojarra Fish ?
 
Family Haemulidae Grunt Fish ?
 
Family Inermiidae Nonnet Mouth Fish ?
 
Family Sparidae Porgie Fish ?
 
Family Centracanthidae Centracanthid Fish ?
 
Family Lethtuinidae Emperor Fish, Emperor Bream ?
 
Family Nemipteridae Threadfin Bream ?
 
Family Polynemidae Threadfin Fish ?
 
Family Sciaenidae Drum, Croaker Fish ?
 
Family Mullidae Goat Fish ?
 
Family Pempherididae Sweeper ?
 
Family Glaucosomatidae Pearl Perch ?
 
Family Leptobramidae Beach Salmon ?
 
Family Bathyclupeidae Bathyclupeid Fish ?
 
Family Monodactylidae Moon Fish, Finger Fish ?
 
Family Toxotidae Archer Fish ?
 
Family Coracinidae Galjoen Fish ?
 
Family Drepanidae Drepanid Fish ?
 
Family Chaetodontidae Butterfly Fish ?
 
Family Pomacanthidae Angel Fish ?
 
Family Enoplosidae Old Wife Fish ?
 
Family Pentacelotidae Armorhead Fish ?
 
Family Nandidae Leaf Fish ?
 
Family Kyphosidae Sea Chub Fish ?
 
Family Arripidae Australian Salmon, Kahawai Fish ?
 
Family Teraponidae Grunter Fish, Tiger Fish ?
 
Family Khuliidae Flagtail Fish, Aholehole ?
 
Family Oplegnathidae Knife Jaw Fish ?
 
Family Cirrhitidae Hawk Fish ?
 
Family Chironemidae Kelp Fish ?
 
Family Aplodactylidae Marble Fish ?
 
Family Cheilodactylidae Morwong Fish ?
 
Family Latridae Trumpeter Fish ?
 
Family Cepolidae Band Fish ?
 
Family Elassomatidae Pygmy Sun Fish ?
 
Family Cichlidae Cichlid Fish ?
 
Family Embiotocidae Surf Perches Fish ?
 
Family Pomacentridae Damsel Fish ?
 
Family Labridae Wrasse Fish ?
 
Family Odacidae Odacid Fish ?
 
Family Scaridae Parrot Fish ?
 
Family Bathymasteridae Ronquil Fish ?
 
Family Zoarcidae Eel Pout Fish ?
 
Family Stichaeidae Prickleback Fish ?
 
Family Cryptacanthodidae Wrymouth Fish ?
 
Family Pholidae Gunnel Fish ?
 
Family Anarhichadidae Wolf Fish ?
 
Family Ptilichthyidae Quill Fish ?
 
Family Zaproridae Prow Fish ?
 
Family Scytalinidae Gravel Diver Fish ?
 
Family Bovichthyidae Bovichthyid Fish ?
 
Family Nototheniidae Cod Ice Fish ?
 
Family Harpagiferidae Plunder Fish ?
 
Family Bathydraconidae Antartic Dragon Fish ?
 
Family Channichthyidae Crocodile Ice Fish ?
 
Family Chiasmodontidae Swallower Fish ?
 
Family Champsodontidae Gaper Fish ?
 
Family Pholidichthyidae Convict Blenny Fish ?
 
Family Trichodontidae Sand Fish ?
 
Family Pinguipedidae Sand Perch Fish ?
 
Family Cheimarrhichthyidae Cheimarrhichthyid Fish ?
 
Family Trichonotidae Sand Diver Fish ?
 
Family Creediidae Sand Burrower Fish ?
 
Family Percophidae Duckbill, Flathead Fish ?
 
Family Leptoscopidae Southern Sand Fish ?
 
Family Ammodytidae Sand Lance Fish ?
 
Family Trachinidae Weever Fish ?
 
Family Uranoscopidae Stargazer Fish ?
 
Family Tripterygiidae Tripple Fin Bennie Fish ?
 
Family Dactyloscopidae Sand Stargazer Fish ?
 
Family Labrisomidae Labrisomid Fish ?
 
Family Clinidae Clinid, Klip Fish ?
 
Family Chaenopsidae Pike Bennie, Tube Bennie, Flag Bennie ?
 
Family Blenniidae Comb Tooth Blennie Fish ?
 
Family Icesteidae Rag Fish ?
 
Family Callionymidae Dragonet Fish ?
 
Family Draconettidae Draconettid Fish ?
 
Family Rhyacichtyidae Loach Goby Fish ?
 
Family Odontobutidae Odontobutid Fish ?
 
Family Eleotridae Sleeper Fish ?
 
Family Gobiidae Goby Fish ?
 
Family Kraemeriidae Sand Goby, Sand Fish ?
 
Family Xenisthmidae Xenisthemid Fish ?
 
Family Microdesmidae Worm Fish, Dart Fish ?
 
Family Schindleriidae Schindleriid Fish ?
 
Family Kurtidae Nursery Fish ?
 
Family Ephippidae Spade Fish?
 
Family Scatophagidae Scat Fish ?
 
Family Siganidae Rabbit Fish ?
 
Family Luvaridae Louvar Fish ?
 
Family Zanclidae Moorish Idol Fish ?
 
Family Acanthuridae Surgeon Fish ?
 
Family Scombrolabracidae Black Mackerel Fish ?
 
Family Sphuraenidae Barracuda Fish ?
 
Family Gempylidae Snake Mackerel Fish ?
 
Family Trichiuridae Cutlass Fish, Snake Mackerel ?
 
Family Scombridae Mackerels, Tuna Fish ?
 
Family Ziphiidae Bill Fish ?
 
Family Amarsipidae Amarsipid Fish ?
 
Family Centrolophidae Medusa Fish ?
 
Family Nomeidae Drift Fish ?
 
Family Anommatidae Anommatid Fish ?
 
Family Tetragonuridae Squaretail Fish ?
 
Family Stromateidae Butter Fish ?
 
Family Luciocephalidae Pikehead Fish ?
 
Family Anabantidae Climbing Gourami Fish ?
 
Family Helostomatidae Kissing Gourami Fish ?
 
Family Belontiidae Gorami Fish ?
 
Family Osphronemidae Giant Gorami Fish ?
 

Order Gobiesociformes# (Clingfish)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Gobiescidae Cling Fish ?
 
Nelson (1994) place this Family in Order Perciiformes

Order (Snakehead, Channas)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Channidae Snakehead Fish ?
 
Nelson (1994) place this Family in Order Perciiformes

Order Pleuronectiformes (Flat Fish, Flounder )
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Psettodidae Psettodid Fish ?
 
Family Citharidae Citharid Fish ?
 
Family Bothidae Lefteye Flounder Fish ?
 
Family Achiropsettidae Southern Flounder Fish ?
 
Family Scophthalmidae Scophthalmid Fish ?
 
Family Paralichthyidae Paralichthyid Fish ?
 
Family Samaridae Samarids Fish ?
 
Family Achiridae American Sole Fish ?
 
Family Soleidae Sole Fish ?
 
Family Cynoglossidae Tongue Fish ?
 

Order Tetraodontiformes (Triggerfish, Puffers, Molas)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Triacanthodidae Spike Fish ?
 
Family Triacanthidae Triplespine Fish ?
 
Family Balistidae Triggerfish, Leatherjacket ?
 
Family Monacanthidae File Fish ?
 
Family Ostraciidae Boxfish, Cowfish, Trunk Fish ?
 
Family Triodintidae Three Roothed Puffer Fish ?
 
Family Tetradontidae Puffer Fish ?
 
Family Diodontidae Porcupine Fish, Burr Fish ?
 
Family Molidae Mola, Ocean Sun Fish ?
 


Order Coelacanthiformes (Coelacanth)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Coelacanthidae Coelacanth ?
(0)

Order Ceratodontiformes (Australian Lungfish)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Ceratodontidae Australian Lungfish ?
(0)

Order Lepidosireniformes (South American & African Lungfish)
Family English Name Malay Name Spp.No.
Family Lepidosirenidae South American Lungfish ?
(0)
Family Protopteridae African Lungfish ?
(0)




Different sources may list different numbers of Orders, Families or Species.
The Families and Number of Malaysian Species listed here are based on common local varieties.
Occasional strays into Malaysian waters are not listed.

This page is under construction.
New Orders and Families of Malaysian Fishes will be added on a regular basis.

Coming Soon : Guide to the Species of Malaysian Fishes.

Ke Index FAUNA To FAUNA Index