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Earth Science 

Pacing Guides 2001 2002  

Prepared by: John Blake

For use at North Whiteville Academy 

Earth Science:

 (Links to our Glencoe Earth Science, 1999 edition, textbook
and correlated to the NC Standard Course of Study)  


Earth Science Pacing Guide:


Glencoe Textbook

North Carolina Standard Course of Study



Unit 1:


Date Began

Date Mastered

Chapter 1: The Nature of Science -week one




Chapter 2: Matter and Its Changes -week two

Competency Goal 1   The learner will build an understanding of lithospheric materials, processes, changes, and uses with concerns for good stewardship.


1.01 Analyze the dependence of the physical properties of minerals on the arrangement and bonding of their atoms.

1.02 Classify the three major groups of rocks according to their origin, based on texture, mineral composition, and the processes responsible for their formation.

1.03 Assess the importance of the economic development of earth's finite rock, mineral, fossil fuel and other natural resources to society and our daily lives:

bulletGeographic distribution.
bulletWise use.
bulletChallenge of rehabilitation of previously disturbed lands.




Chapter 3: Minerals -week three
Chapter 4: Rocks -week four

Unit 2:




Chapter 5: Views of Earth -week five

1.06 Interpret topographic, soil, geologic, and other maps and images for:

bulletThe location and identification of soils and rock types
bulletThe identification of erosional and depositional landforms.
bulletThe evaluation of landforms resulting from tectonic activity.




Chapter 6: Weathering and Soil- week six

1.04 Analyze the importance of soils:

bulletSoil use and conservation.
bulletProducts from soil.
bulletRelate land use capabilities and major soil types in North Carolina.




Chapter 7: Erosional Forces -week seven

4.01 Evaluate the stream erosion and depositional processes:

bulletLand forms resulting from natural erosion, deposition, and mass wasting.
bulletFormation of stream channels with respect to the work being done by the stream (i.e. down cutting, lateral erosion, and transportation).
bulletNature and characteristics of sediments.
bulletAbility of running water to sort sediments.



Chapter 8: Water Erosion and Deposition -week eight 



Virtual River Flood


Alluvial Fan Image (NASA)

Competency Goal 4   The learner will build an understanding of the hydrosphere and its interactions and influences on the lithosphere, the atmosphere, and environmental quality.

4.01 Evaluate the stream erosion and depositional processes:

bulletLand forms resulting from natural erosion, deposition, and mass wasting.
bulletFormation of stream channels with respect to the work being done by the stream (i.e. down cutting, lateral erosion, and transportation).
bulletNature and characteristics of sediments.
bulletAbility of running water to sort sediments.

4.02 Evaluate water beneath the earth's surface:

bulletStorage and movement.
bulletEnvironmental impact of a growing human population.
bulletImpact of building and development.
bulletCauses of natural and manmade contamination.



Unit 3:




Chapter 9:   Earthquakes combine into a project (this unit week nine)

Competency Goal 2   The learner will develop an understanding of tectonic processes and their human impacts.


2.03 Analyze the model of the earth's interior resulting from the study of earthquake waves.

2.04 Analyze the nature, location of epicenters, and magnitude of earthquakes:

bulletLevel of seismic activity in North Carolina.


Chapter 10: Volcanoes

1.05 Evaluate geologic hazards and their relationship to geologic processes and materials:

bulletMass wasting.



Chapter 11: Plate Tectonics

2.01 Analyze the evidence for the development of the Theory of Plate

bulletPropelling forces.
bulletPlate boundary interactions.
bulletFeatures of the sea floor.

2.02 Evaluate the forces that propel tectonic plates. 



Unit 4:

Competency Goal 3   The learner will build an understanding of the origin and evolution of the earth system.



Chapter 12: Clues to Earth's Past   - week ten

Fossil Links



University of California's Museum of Paleontology

3.01 Interpret the order and impact of events in the geologic past:

bulletOrigin of the earth system.
bulletOrigin of life.
bulletRelative and absolute dating techniques.
bulletStatistical models of radioactive decay.
bulletDiversity of life through time.
bulletFossils evidence of past life.
bulletEvolution/extinction of species.

3.02 Assess evidence for and the influence on the divisions of geologic time of the major geologic events and paleoclimatic changes in global geologic history:

bulletStratigraphic principles.
bulletFloral and faunal succession.

3.03 Evaluate the geologic history of North Carolina and the Appalachian orogen.



Chapter 13: Geologic Time week eleven

Unit 5:

Competency Goal 5   The learner will build an understanding of the dynamics and composition of the atmosphere and its local and global processes influencing climate and air quality.



Chapter 14: Atmosphere week twelve

Interesting Link

Image of Earth (NASA)

5.01 Analyze the formation of the atmosphere and hydrosphere as a result of the phenomena of out-gassing as the primordial earth cooled.



Chapter 15: Weather- week thirteen

5.03 Analyze weather systems:

bulletCloud formation.

5.04 Analyze atmospheric pressure:

bulletPlanetary wind systems.
bulletPressure cells.
bulletLocal breezes.

5.05 Analyze air masses and the life cycle of weather systems:

bulletAir masses.
bulletFrontal systems.
bulletHazardous weather.
bulletWarning systems and their effectiveness.

5.06 Evaluate meteorological observing, analysis, and prediction:

bulletWorldwide observing systems.
bulletMeteorological data depiction.

5.07 Analyze the effects of human activity on the environment and the influence of issues on weather and climate.



Chapter 16: Climate- week fourteen

5.02 Analyze the structure of the atmosphere:

bulletWater vapor.

Atmospheric transparency



Chapter 17: Ocean Motion- week fifteen


4.03 Analyze the mechanisms for generating ocean currents:

bulletDeep ocean circulation.
bulletPlanetary wind belts.

4.04 Analyze the mechanisms that produce the various types of shorelines and their resultant landforms:

bulletNature of underlying geology.
bulletLong and short term sea-level history.
bulletAdjacent topography.

4.05 Assess the formation and breaking of waves and their effect on shorelines, particularly the North Carolina coast.

4.06 Evaluate environmental issues and solutions for North Carolina's wetlands, inland, and tidal environments:

bulletFresh and brackish water marsh.

4.07 Evaluate the phenomena of upwelling in the oceans and its influence on weather.

4.08 Evaluate the ecological services provided by a healthy ocean:

bulletA carbon sink.
bulletThe largest watershed.
bulletClimate control.



Chapter 18: Oceanography - week sixteen


bulletAtlantic Ocean Image (NASA)




Unit 6: unit themes covered thought-out the semester, example good stewardship.

Competency Goal 7   The learner will build an understanding of alternative choices facing human societies in their stewardship of the earth.



Chapter 19: Our Impact on Land 

7.01 Analyze the relationship between the potential of technology to improve the quality of life and the possible causes of stress on the environment.

7.02 Analyze the interdependence of Earth's natural resources and systems, including land, air, and water, with the need to support human activity and reduce environmental impacts.

7.03 Assess how society weighs the choices of economic progress, population growth and environmental stewardship and selects a balanced responsible course of action.




Chapter 20: Our Impact on Air and Water 




Unit 7:

Competency Goal 6   The learner will acquire an understanding of the earth in the solar system and its position in the universe.



Chapter 21: Exploring Space -week seventeen

6.03 Evaluate astronomers' use of various instruments to extend their senses:

bulletOptical telescopes.
bulletRadio telescopes.




Chapter 22: The Sun-Earth-Moon -week seventeen

6.02 Analyze planetary motion and the physical laws that explain that motion:

bulletApparent diurnal motions of the sun and stars.
bulletTilt of the earth's axis.

Parallelism of the earth's axis.



Chapter 23: The Solar System -week eighteen

6.01 Analyze the formation of the solar system.




Chapter 24: Stars and Galaxies -week eighteen

6.04 Assess the current scientific theories of the origin of the universe.

6.05 Examine the sources of stellar energies.

6.06 Assess the spectra generated by stars and our sun as indicators of motion:

bulletDoppler Effect.
bulletRed and blue shifts.

6.07 Evaluate Hubble's Law and the concept of an ever-expanding universe

6.08 Evaluate the life cycle of stars in the Hertzsprung - Russell Diagram (H-R Diagram).