THE AKITA HOME
THE PAGE FOR INFORMATION ABOUT
AND GENERAL INFORMATION FOR ALL DOGS
(Left Photo)- 'LADY' - (TAKA KO CHAN)
(Right Photo) 'Ginger' (Sanshyo Tsukimi San) and 'Dusty' (Fuketsu Taro Kun)
Photo's by AJ's Custom Photography
170 W. Adams St. Atlanta, Indiana 46031
Vaccinations protect your dog from infectious diseases.
They sttimulate your dog's system to develop immunities.
They help prevent diseases, not cure them.
Vaccinations must be administered before your dog is exposed to any infections.
PUPPIES should be first vaccinated between 6 and 10 weeks of age.
Puppy shots are not effective for life of the dog. So it is important
to keep up booster shots throughout the dog's life.
Vaccinations are usually mixed so that a few shots takes care of several
infections. As an example, DHLP-P refers to a mixture
to protect against Distemper, Hepatitis, Leptospirosis, Parainfluenza,
The Infectious Dieseases and
FEEDING YOUR DOG:
is a bacterial infection often present when a dog has Kennel Cough.
Bordetella is not transmissible to humans or kittens.
is a very contagious disease of the intestinal tract. Corona is not
transmissible to humans or kittens.
is a highly contagious,often fatal disease. It is especially dangerous
to puppies. Distemper is not transmissible to humans or kittens.
is transmitted by mosquitos. An infected dog gets bitten by a mosquito,
and then that mosquito bites a non-infected dog, and thus the disease is
transmitted. Heartworms can be prevented by using oral medication which
interrupts the life cycle of the heartworm after a dog is bitten by a "carrier"
mosquito. Every dog is susceptible to heartworm disease and should
be tested on an annual basis. Once the worms are in the dog's system
the treatment process of four arsenic injections is expensive, risky and
lengthy. It is recommend to start puppies on preventatives before
8 weeks of age -- but if a puppy is 6 months old or older, it needs to
be tested for heartworms before starting preventatives. Heartworm
is not generally transmissible to humans or kittens.
is an infectious viral disease of the liver. Canine Hepatitis is
not transmissible to humans or kittens.
is a bacterial infection that causes kidney disease. It is transmitted
by rodents. Canine Leptospirosis may be transmissible to humans.
is a complex disease that affects the immune system. This disease
is transmitted by ticks. Lyme Disease affects wild and domestic
animals as well as humans.
is an upper respiratory infection that causes "Kennel Cough". Healthy
adult dogs usually recover from it. Puppies and older dogs are at
greater risk of complications. Parainfluenza is not transmissible
to humans or kittens.
is an often fatal viral disease of the instestinal tract. Parvo is
not transmissible to humans or kittens.
is caused by a virus that attacks the brain. It is prevalent in wildlife
such as raccoons, skunks, foxes, and bats. Rabies is readily transmissible
to humans and other pets by the bite of an infected animal.
is an inflammation of the skin usually caused by the same pollens and house
dust that cause allergic reactions in humans. The causes can be most
anything and need Vet care. Typical causes are: Flea
saliva, Tick secretions, Poison Ivy, Wandering
Jew, House Dust, Ragweed, and/or Dairy products
develop in 4 stage cycle: egg, larva, pupa, and the adult flea.
The adult lives on the pet, where the females lay eggs. These eggs
fall off the pet and into your home. There they hatch and pass through
the stages of larva and pupa, and develoop into adults. Then they
jump onto your pet creating an endless cycle. If not checked, two
fleas can become 2,000 very quickly. You should consult a Vet for
a maintenance program. Fleas carry disease and also jump onto humans
and other pets. Outdoor control measures should include spraying
areas that are protected from direct sunlight. Areas such as the
doghouse, garages, under porches and other sleeping areas are warm moist
soil ideal for flea development. Flea collars may have a place in
flea control but usually are not as effective as other means.
Since the puppy grows very rapidly during the fist year, the food you
give this new arrival becomes very important. The growing puppy requires
nearly twice the amount of most nutrients per pound of body weight as adult
Usually when a brand name dog food is used, it eliminates the need to
supplement the puppies diet with extra vitamins and minerals. You
should use a product that does not contain animal by-products. These
are usually feathers and other parts that do not contribute to the nutrient
requirments of the dog. They only act as fillers in the food and
you usually have to give the dog more food in order to obtain the same
amount of nutrients of a better grade of dog food. Point to
remember, the more stuff you put in one end means the more stuff
comes out the other end, filler is filler.
Place food and water away from foot traffic and noise.
Do not change the location unless necessary.
Feed a very young puppy (weaned to 6 months old) his allowed proportions
3 times a day. Reduce it to 2 times a day after it is 6 months old.
Clean the dishes every day and maintain fresh water at all times.
After the puppy is weaned, the food should be slightly moistened with water
for a while until it gets acustom to the harder food. Do not moisten
with milk. Excess milk can act as a laxative and cause digestive
Normally to obtain a regular feeding pattern is best. Take up the
food that the dog does not eat at feeding time and only give it more food
at the next regular feeding time. With a puppy, this usually will
not occur. Do not feed your dog anywhere but in its bowl, in its
regular place, at its regular time.
With large dogs (such as Akitas), try not to feed the animal one hour before
active playing nor allow the animal to play activly one hour after eating
(no it is not the swimming rule that your mother told you when you were
a child). With large dogs, as they get older, they can get Bloated
and their intestines can become flipped. This can be fatal to the
dog if not caught early.
Do not feed your pet chicken bones, fish bones, or pork bones. These
types of bones can splinter and become lodged in the throat or pierce the
Contary to most, table scraps do not cause finicky eaters. But, they
may be high in calories and cause obesity. Also this could cause
"begging from the table". A very anoying trait. If you
feed table scraps, place them in the pet's food bowl, not as you sit at
You can feed the dog "snacks" as obedience training rewards.
Housebreaking requires consistency.
Maintain a regular schedule for mealtimes , nap-times, exercise and play.
By being on a regular schedule, you learn the puppies natuaral habits.
Thus you also train the digestive system.
Take the pup to the area for toilet training before and after play.
Never "just let out the dog". You should never put it out and leave
it out. When you are toilet training, the puppy should associate
going out with what is to be done, not to be going out to playing during
this cruical time. Always praise the puppy afterwards and you
can even give it treats. Positive reward is the key here.
Screamming and yelling does not accomplish anything but only creates a
fear of you. Carry it out and stay with the pup and talk to the pup.
Use phrases such as "hurry up". After the pup is housebroken, then
you can allow the pup to walk out on its own and play. It will soon
learn what is being done and begin to whine, scratch, or bark to be let
out. The pup should be vaccinated before you begin teaching it to
use an outdoor toilet area.
Expect accidents. One would not hit a baby when they are being toilet
trained, thus a puppy should be given the same treatments. Use a
metal pop bottle can filled with a few pennies. When the puppy is
caught doing whatever, GENTLY rattle the can and say NO in a stern voice.
This will get the pup's attention and will cause it to stop doing
whatever. Pick the dog up and take it outside to the area you want
it to be going to the toilet. Then praise the puppy afterwards.
The penny can metod can also work after the fact. Take the puppy
to the scene and gently rattle the can and saying no. Lay the can
down and carry the pup outside. Of course it is too late but the
puppy will remember the rattling as time goes on and will catch on to what
it is to be doing.
To Your Dog
If your Vet prescribes oral medications for your
dog, here are a few simple tricks that can be followed.
Hide the pill inside a small amount of canned dog food. Make large
enough ball for the tablet to be swallowed but not tasted or chewed.
Tablets By Hand:
If you have to administer by hand then cradle your dog in one arm, and
place your thumb and forefinger on either side of it's face. You
can force the mouth open by applying gentle pressure at the space between
the teeth. This will allow you to place the tablet at the base of
the toungue. The dog then should have a natural reflex to swallow.
Be sure that your dog has a very friendly attitude and does not have a
tendency to bite when you place your hands inside it's mouth. You
should have been training your dog as a puppy in being able to administer
oral medications by placing your fingers within it's mouth and giving it
treats as rewards.
Use the same method as the tablet by hand to open the dog's mouth.
Then insert an eyedropper between the teeth and cheek and, while tilting
the chin upward, slowly dispense the medication.
These simple techniques are generally accepted
and used by veterinarians for the administration of medications to all
pets. However, it is recommended you consult with your vet before
applying them if you are uncertain on how to administer. The vet
will be glad to show you the proper methods of giving you animal medications.
Preventing Destructive Chewing
The most common mistakes are:
Supervise when the pup is running lose within the
Confine the pup when you are not able to supervise.
Confine the pup at night or when you leave the house.
This basic confinement helps the dog also. The crate allows the pet
a "den" that it can feel safe and have a place that it feels is all his
own. Do not force the puppy to go inside. We want him to like
Corrections must be made in the act as the puppy
is chewing improperly.
The pup should have it's own proper toys to chew
on (PLEASE not rawhide!!!!!!!!!! Throw that Sh-- away!!!) Use
toys that are made from nylon. Such as Nyla-Bone. You may have
to teach him at first to play with these types of toys, but they are much
safer and helps remove tarter from thier teeth. The next best type
of toys are the hard rubber (Cressite) toys. Always make sure the
toy is sized correctly with the size of the dog. When the Nyla-bone
gets too small, remove so that the animal does not swallow this peice whole.
Do not give the animal human articles to chew.
He will think that all human articles are fair game to chew.
Correct the improper chewing by the following manner:
Growl at the dog ("ERRHH") in a low, firm voice.
Do not use the puppy's name as a correction word.
Walk to the pup, grab him by the scruff of the neck
(not too harshly) and tap on the article he was chewing and sharply say
NO! in a firm LOW tone of voice. Be consistant with this phrase
each time you correct the pup. Animals understand growls as means
of communication from the Alpha animals as well as from it's former liter
mates within the pack. This was used to formulate it's hirearchy
within the pack. But, now you are the dominate Alpha. Dont
ever let the puppy think otherwise.
move the animal away from the object he was chewing
and give him one of his own toys and then praise him while giving him this
Do not play tug of war with the pup.
Your puppy is an infant. It is
your responsibility to train him how to behave in public as well as at
Allowing too much unsupervised free time before the
pup is trained.
Relying too much on punisment rather than teaching
good behavior. Excessive punishment will make the animal fear you
rather than respect you. Fear can lead to biteing and snapping at you.
Respect means you are Alpha to him. The provider, the leader.
This page is still uder constrution.
Other topics to be written:
Crying, Whining, Chewing, Health and First Aid,
Types of worms and what to do, Grooming, Show dogs,
Obedience training, Socialization, Air travel, Kenneling,
Creating your pet, Spaying/Neutering, The adult dog,
Breeding, Field traing.
Anthony J. Palmiero
170 West Adams St.
Atlanta, IN 46031
This Page Last Up-Dated On
March 27, 2002
You Are The th Visitor Since March 27, 2002