1. The abbreviation VMRO somethimes in English
literature is translated IMRO (Internal Macedonian evolutionary Organization)
It was first established in 1893 under the name of Bulgarian Macedono-Odrin
Revolutionary Committee. Later it was renamed VMORO, and after that VMRO.
2. Ljubco Georgievski - "Who should be reconciled with
whom" - Skopje 1994.
3. Constitution of Republic of Macedonia , Skopje 1991.
4. VMRO (obedineta), vol. I, p. 131 Skopje 1991.
5. Stojan Novakovic - Culturo-Social Connections of the
Macedonians with Serbia throughout XIX Century, Skopje 1960 p.178.
6. After Ivan (Vancho) Mihailov 1896-1990 A Macedonian
revolutionary who always emphasized his Bulgarian ethncity.
7. A pejorative term used by the oficial Macedonian propaganda
to describe the Macedonians with Bulgarian ethnic consciousness According
to the rerime, while the historical VMORO was supposedly struggling for
the emancipation of the Macedonian ethnic group, the 'vrhovists' of the
Vrhoven Makedono-Odrinski Komitet (Suprime Macedono-Odrin Committee) est.
in1895 in Sofia were trying to assimilate the Macedonians into the Bulgarian
ethnic group. Yet there is no evidence that the historical VMORO had any
different views from thos of the vrhovists regarding the ethnic character
of the Macedonian slavs. The challenge made by the present chairman of
VMRO DPMNE Ljubco Georgievski to the Macedonist historians to point to
a single letter, a single newspaper polemique, or whatever between the
Vrhovists and VMORO from the older generations in which they express different
opinions about the nationality of the main ethnic group in Macedonia, its
language, the Orthodox Church to which it should adhare, or the alphabet
that should it should use, remains unanswered.
8. Macedonian Tribune, vol. 3148, June 17, 1993, Fort
Wayne, Indiana, USA.
9. Nova Makedonija, Skopje, November 29, 1991.
10. From the same newspaper, June 5, 1992.
11. From the same newspaper, August 7, 1992.
12. In the Bulgarian name system the surnames derived
from the name of the father or a forefather usually end on -ov or -ev (-ova
and -eva for the women - Delchev, Gruev et c.). Most of the names ending
on -ski or -shki (-ska and -shka for the women), are derived from the name
of the birthplace . (Slivenski, Veleshki et c.) Since the macedonists wanted
to present many Bulgarian historical figures as ethnic "Macedonians", they
could not invent en entirely new name system. Yet they decided that the
quite rare double ending of -ovski, or -evsky (-ovska and -evska) sounds
more "Macedonian" and should become the most common ending. After 1944
many people were forced to change the endings of their surnames. In some
regions more zealous macedonists forced people even to drop the letter
"v" which sounded too Bulgarian to them. This way the completely unknown
until than endings of -oski and -eski (-oska and -eska) were created.
13. Macedonian Tribune, vol. 3083, November 29, 1990.
14. Vecher, Skopje, August 19, 1994.
15. The same material.
16. Macedonian Tribune, New International Edition, issue
II, vol. 7, January 1993.
17. Fokus, Skopje, December 8, 1995.
18. The artificial language problem, insisted on by
Skopje, sometimes takes comical forms. An article, under the name of "Oh,
if it would be Kljusev" says: "During the official visit of the Bulgarian
Prime-Minister to our country, Mr Branko Tsrvenkovski, together with his
Bulgarian colleague Berov, at one time were communicating without an interpreter.
That was personally anounced by Mr. Berov on Macedonian television and,
imagine, the Macedonian television took no notice and made no comment.
Apparently Macedonian television considers the fact that the Prime-Minister
Tsrvenkovski knows Bulgarian a matter of national pride" (Delo,
number 2, p. 5, Skopje, June 11, 1993). Of course the Bulgarian language
spoken by the Prime-Minister Tsrvenskovski, was the language he spoke every
day known in the Republic as Macedonian language.
19. Delo, n. 139, p. 15, Skopje, January 6, 1996.
20. Macedonian Tribune, vol. 3135, December 17, 1992.
21. The same material, New International Edition, issue
II, vol. 7, January 1993.
22. Macedonia, issue 46, Sofia, November 20, 1992.
23. Macedonian Tribune, vol. 3131, October 22, 1992.
24. Delo, vol. 146, p. 8, Skopje, March 15, 1996.
25. The same material, p. 20.
26. The same material, vol. 147, p. 20, Skopje, March
27. Puls, vol. 256, Skopje, December 15, 1995.
28. Koha Jone, Tirana, November 20, 1996.
29. Macedonian Tribune, New International Edition, issue
III, vol. 12, October 1994.
30. Macedono-Bulgarian Review "Vardar", year 3, issue
7, p. 68, Toronto 1996.
31. Delo, vol. 0, p. 6, Skopje, May 14, 1993.
32. The same material, vol. 142, p. 45, February 16,
33. The same material, vol. 147, p. 22, Skopje, March