LAURUS CULTIVAR CHECKLIST


Copyright 2014. Laurence C. Hatch. All Rights Reserved.

We highly recommend this document for images and additional information:
http://www.herbsociety.org/factsheets/Bay%20Guide.pdf


A strange bigeneric plant of Laurus nobilis x Umbellaria californica at the Raulston Arboretum. It does well there out of doors even though Laurus is not fully hardy there. Dr. Raulston distributed it to nurserymen and collectors in 1999 and perhaps early.  It is still being offered at www.woodlanders.net

Laurus azorica x L. nobilis
ns: listed in the collection of Eastwood Hill NZ

Laurus nobilis f. angustifolia Mouill. (var. angustifolia Lodd., 'Angustifolia', 'Salicifolia' in part, also misapplied NOT true)
s: blades much narrower, usually lanceolate to oblanceolate.
lc: often lighter or brighter green than species typical
ns: the taxon is best treated as a wild occuring, botanical form, however
ns: Tucker and DeBaggio (2009) consider the clones 'Angustifolia' and 'Salicifolia' to be distinct and
ns: confused in the trade. That work does not provide a data to delimit the two taxa and we cannot
ns: locate it elsewhere. These authors consider the real 'Salicifolia' to have blades 3-7cm long x 6-20mm
ns: wide, of a paler green color, and not as thick a blade. They do not describe their 'Angustifolia'.

Laurus nobilis 'Aurea' ('Aureum', 'Golden', var. pallidus Brizi)
c: tinged golden over much of the blade if in sun. Shaded and older leaves become dark green.
lc: Many leaves will appear lime green from a distance being a mixture of yellow and green tints.
lc: color is retained all year if sun is present.
lu: being an evergreen species that holds yellow color all year, it is useful in winter gardens for
lu: a rich, illuminating effect.
photo: http://www.esveld.nl/plantdias/68/68220.jpg
so: Blue Bell Nursery

Laurus nobilis 'Baccalia' or 'Bacalia'
ns: in old literature such as Pliny, Bacalia was "the commonist laural of all, and the one that bears the
ns: greatest number of berries" (Pliny (the elder), Natural History, 1855)

Laurus nobilis 'Badenweiler'
ns: a listed name, presumably of German origin.

Laurus nobilis 'Bay Junior' (6/2014)
ha: compact, slower
ls: medium wide elliptic

Laurus nobilis 'Borms'
ch: more coldy hardy
fq: said not to flower or less so

Laurus nobilis 'Borziana' (var. borziana Beg.)
ls: elongated, narrower
lt: thinner blade
frs: more spherical
frd: 1.5cm wide

Laurus nobilis 'Brilliant Times' (6/2014)
st: often reddish in new shoots, contrasting, showy at times
lc: bright yellow, new growth faintly tinged red on the margins, later yellowish-green
or: Japan
photo: http://www.sierplant.be/eng/laurus-nobilis-cultivars.html

Laurus nobilis 'Celtic Queen'
ha: vigorous, durable
ch: more cold hardy
fc: light yellow to cream, showy at times
or: Piroches Plants c. 2000 (not online in their catalog when checked 2/2005)
reg: COPF

Laurus nobilis 'Chichester' (6/2014)
lc: mottled and sectored, sometimes marginally spotted white to cream
ls: narrow elliptic to linear-elliptic blade much as 'Angustifolia' with a chimera
photo: http://www.sierplant.be/eng/laurus-nobilis-cultivars.html

Laurus nobilis 'Communis' = named for species typical?
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press. (listed only, not described)

Laurus nobilis f. compacta Cistus Nursery, 2006 Archival Plant List, accessed 11.27.2014, named only

Laurus nobilis 'Crispa' ('Undulata', var. undulata Miller?, f. undulata Mouill., var. crispa (Nees) Markgr. in Hegi)
ha: 4-6 ft. in most gardens, larger with much age
ha: smaller tree or shrub
ls: blades narrower but not so narrow as f. angustifolia
frs: ovoid, not globose, thus more egg-shaped
ns: the reason we here are selecting 'Crispa' over the older name 'Undulata' is that Miller's var. undulata is
ns: a bit ambiguous and is an unresolved taxon according to Kew Gardens list. Some uses of the name
ns: undulata surely refer to the wavy-laved laural but others a likely to be other genera. To illustrate how
ns: confused things were in those early days of taxonomy, the common American sassafras with it's 1-3 lobed
ns: leaves was called Laurus sassafras.
lm: margins finely undulate, crisped, whitish. The common name "Piecrust laurel" is informative.
photo, source: Devriese

Laurus nobilis 'Cylindrocarpa' (var. cylindrocarpa Beg.)
ls: fairly wide, broadly ovate
frs: narrower aspect, more cylindrical
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press.

Laurus nobilis 'Cyprian' Cato, De De Rustico ('Cypria')
ll: shorter
lc: darker, blackish-green
lm: crisped and imbricated, possibly like 'Crispa' or 'Undulata' today

Laurus nobilis 'Delphic' ('Delphica') Cato, De De Rustico
lc: uniformly green
frd: much larger
frc: green tinged red, hence more colorful, showy
or: Delphi warriors used this in their triumphal celebrations

Laurus nobilia 'Dunloe Castle' listed name BGCI.org, accessed 11.27.2014.

Laurus nobilis 'Elliptica'
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press. (listed only, not described)

Laurus nobilis 'Ellipticifolia'
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press. (listed only, not described)

Laurus nobilis EMERALD WAVEŽ 'Monem' (10/2013)
ht: 12-15 ft. tall at first, later 20-35 ft.
ha: compact, pyramidal
ls: narrower, distinctly linear-lanceolate to narrowly linear-elliptic
lm: very undulate, about 7-12 waves per side
la: narrowly acute to acuminate, a distinctly sharper leaf from most distances
in: Monrovia Nurseries
web: 
http://www.monrovia.com/plant-catalog/plants/3224/emerald-wave-sweet-bay.php

Laurus nobilis 'Eriobotryfolia' (var. eriobotryfilia Kalaida)
ls, lt: said to resemble Eriobotrya, a very large, wide, toothed leaf - this clone's trait's are not clear

Laurus nobilis 'Feys'
ch: proven cold hardy

Laurus nobilis 'Flore Pleno' (var. flore pleno Duhamel)
ft: double, having extra petals
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press.

Laurus nobilis 'Floribunda'
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press. (listed only, not described)

Laurus nobilis 'Glauca' (f. glauca Kalaida)
lc: more glaucous or bluish (waxy)
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press.

Laurus nobilis 'Goldstein' (6/2014)
lc, lm: classic bay leaf, slightly undulate, whitish midrib
photo: http://www.sierplant.be/eng/laurus-nobilis-cultivars.html

Laurus nobilis 'Grandiflora' (f. grandiflora Kalaida)
fd: larger than species typical
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press.

Laurus nobilis 'Hex Brilliant' (6/2014)
lc: irregularly margined white to cream, often a very thin margin, sometimes mottled
ls, lm: irregularly twisted, very asymmetrical, often deformed, reminds me of Ardisia blades
photo: http://www.sierplant.be/eng/laurus-nobilis-cultivars.html

Laurus nobilis 'Holy Land'
lm: slight undulate
or: Israel
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press.

Laurus nobilis 'Iterophylla'
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press. (listed only, not described)

Laurus nobilis 'Lanceolata'
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press. (listed only, not described)

Laurus nobilis 'Latifolia' (var. latifolia (Mill.) Duhamel, f. latifolia Mill.)
ls: very wide, smoother surface too
ch: less hardy
geo: perhaps a native form from Italy, Spain, and Asia
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press.

Laurus nobilis 'Ligustrifolia' (f. ligustrifolia Kalaid)
ls: privet-shaped, perhaps smaller?
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press.

Laurus nobilis LITTLE RAGU™ 'MonRik'
ht: 6-8 ft. tall (10 years)
lc: brighter green
lm: finely undulate, more showy
lt: "fabulous fragrance" (Monrovia, website, accessed 11.27.2014)
ch: USDA 8
web: http://www.monrovia.com/plant-catalog/plants/3697/little-ragu-sweet-bay/

Laurus nobilis 'Longifolia'
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press. (listed only, not described)

Laurus nobilis f. macrocarpa Kalaida
fd: much larger
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press.

Laurus nobilis 'Macroclada' (f. macroclada Giac. & Zanib.)
ha: larger,  stronger
la: more rounded
frs: globose or subglobose
frd: larger, 1.5cm wide

Laurus nobilis 'Microcarpa' (f. microcarpa Kalaida)
frd: smaller fruit
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press.

Laurus nobilis 'Microphylla' = 'Parvifolia'

Laurus nobilis 'Minor'
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press. (listed only, not described)

Laurus nobilis 'Moonspot' (6/2014)
lc: mottled and sectored white to 35%, not cream not yellow as 'Sunspot'
photo: http://www.sierplant.be/eng/laurus-nobilis-cultivars.html

Laurus nobilis 'Multiflora' (f. multiflora Kalaida)
ft: flowers in multiples or more numerous
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press.

Laurus nobilis 'Multnomah Hardy' Cistus Nursery, 2006 Archival Plant List, accessed 11.27.2014, named only

Laurus nobilis 'Mustax' ('Mustacen', 'Mustaceum')
ll, lw: very large blade
lt: blade more flaccid, not so thick and rigid
lc: "whitish hue" (Pliny the Elder, Nat. Hist., 1855)
or: Pompeius Lenaeus, named for its use in cakes called mustaceum

Laurus nobilis 'Nancy Howard'
ch: root hardy in Philadelphia, PA USA
or: Nancy Howard, Wayne, Pennsylvania, USA
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press.

Laurus nobilis 'Obscura'
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press. (listed only, not described)

Laurus nobilis 'Olivaeformis' (f. olivaeformis Kalaida)
frs: more olive-shaped
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press.

Laurus nobilis 'Otto Luyken' = Prunus laurocerasus 'Otto Luyken'

Laurus nobilis 'Ovalifolia' (var. cinnamonifolius Brizi, f. ovalifolia Kalaida)
ls: more distinctly oval
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press.

Laurus nobilis 'Pallida' or var. pallidus = 'Aurea'

Laurus nobilis 'Parvifolia' (f. microphlla Kalaida, var. parvifolia D.J. Browne, 'Microphylla')
or: France bef. 1845, imported from Caribee Islands

Laurus nobilis 'Pat' (6/2014)
web: listed name, accessed 6.9.2014, not described
web: http://www.sierplant.be/eng/laurus-nobilis-cultivars.html

Laurus nobilis 'Pedunculata' (f. pedunculata Kalaida, probably not the Japanese Laurus pedunculata Thunb.)
ft: flowers more pedunculate, that is, having a more pronounced stalk or stem, flowers or leaves?
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press.

Laurus nobilis 'Popeye' (6/2014)
ha: narrowly pyramidal, shorter internodes, compact for small spaces,
ha: easier to shear in small container pyramids as this species is widely grown
photo: http://www.sierplant.be/eng/laurus-nobilis-cultivars.html

Laurus nobilis 'Pompeiana'
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press. (listed only, not described)

Laurus nobilis 'Pride of Provence' (11/6)
ht: 40cm tall x wide as young plants
ha: compact, shorter internodes, requiring little or no trimming
lc: glossy dark green
lu: useful in patio containers or small herb gardens
ns: the operability and legality of this name, especially in Europe, might be questioned as names such as Provence
ns: can only be used by the locals of a region in a commercial product name according EU regulations. Most
ns: countries outside of Europe do not honor this restrictions and thus names like Champagne and Cheddar are
ns: are used freely with products in the original style of those regions while not being produced there.
pat, or: US# 19153 ON Aug. 26, 2008 to Malcolm, Woolmore, Auckland, NZ, the first and only
pat, or: Laurus as of 11.27.2014
so:
www.kiwigoldnz.com (Kiwi Gold NZ, online catalog 2007)

Laurus nobilis 'Pyriformis'
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press. (listed only, not described)

Laurus nobilis 'Regia'
ns, id: Laurus regia Douglas is Umbellularia californica
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press. (listed only, not described)

Laurus nobilis 'Rotundifolia' (f. rotundifolia Voloshin, var. rotundifolia Emb. and Maire)
la: leaf apex very rounded, obtuse in fact, not sharp acute. The entire blade us not round.
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press.
or, ns: Tucker and DeBaggio say it is mentioned but not named as here by Theophrastus bef. 287 B.C.
or, ns: in his Enquiry into Plants, making it a very old variation of the species.

Laurus nobilis 'Rubrinervis' (f. rubrinervis Kalaida)
lc: distinctly red-veined, hence more showy
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press.

Laurus nobilis 'Salicifolia' = f. angustifolia  

Laurus nobilis 'Saso's Dwarf'
ha: compact, much smaller
lt: thicker blades
lc: darker green
or: Louis Saso, Saso Herb Gardens, Saratoga, CA USA

Laurus nobilis 'Saratoga' = Laurus 'Saratoga', an interspecific hybrid

Laurus nobilis 'Sphaerocarpa'
ll, lw: smaller than species typical
lc: more lustrous green
frs: more spherical.


Laurus nobilis 'Subovata'
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press. (listed only, not described)

Laurus nobilis 'Sunspot'
lc: creamy yellow splashes in random pattern, coverage about 20-45% surface
so: Cotswold Garden Flowers
reg: registered with ICRA Arnold Arboretum.
li: Arnoldia 43(4): 13 (1983)

Laurus nobilis 'Sylvatica'
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press. (listed only, not described)

Laurus nobilis 'Touch and Rough'
ch: more cold hardy, durable
or: Esveld, Netherlands, not sold on esveld.nl when accessed 11.27.2014 but still
or: mentioned here: http://www.esveld.nl/htmldiaen/l/lanhar.htm

Laurus nobilis 'Triumphalis'
ns, id: this is likely the "barren laurel of triumphs" (Pliny the Elder, Natural History, 1855), who says it only
ns, id: had male flowers (hence barren of fruit) and was preferred for laurel-bearing celebrations for this reason.
ns, id: The Emperior Augustus is credited with it's origination and it was said to have "come from heaven". This
ns, id: is not to say this was only "Augustan" laural as there was at least one other having large leaves and
ns, id: a less "rough" flavor of the fruit.
li: Tucker, A.O. and T. Debaggio. 2009. The encyclopedia of herbs. Timber Press. (listed only, not described)

Laurus nobilis 'Undulata' = 'Crispa'

Laurus nobilis 'Variegata'
lc: striped or marked in gold.
or: known to Loudon

Laurus nobilis 'Waasland Creme'
ls: narrowly lanceolate
lm: undulate
la: acuminate
lc: about 50% white margined with a bright green midrib and secondary veins. The center has
lc: a unique look of a green feather and the margination is not sharply delimited.
photo: http://www.laurusinfo.com/images/laurus/waasland_creme_02_thumb.jpg
photo, source: Devriese

Laurus 'Saratoga'
ht: 10-25 ft. tall x 10-15 ft. wide, best grown as single trunked tree
ha: compact, more vigorous than L. nobilis as typical
ll: 4-5 in.
lw: 3 in.
ls: wider and more rounded than L. nobilis
lf: sweeter scent than L. nobilis in culinary use
or: Saratoga Horticultural Foundation CA USA possibly as L. nobilis x Umbellularia californica.
or: Others suggest it is a seedling of L. azorica or L. azorica x L. nobilis. The leaf shape is very
or: suggestive of L. azorica influence.
ch: 8 - probably a bit less hardy than L. nobilis which often rated 7b
so: Forest Farm