A WRITTEN DISCUSSION
CONCERNING THE SABBATH
"The Bible clearly teaches that the fourth commandment
of the decalogue -- viz., 'Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy' --
is binding on Christians under the new covenant."
DAVID F. SMITH
Seventh-day Adventist Church
Church of Christ
1952 by Gene Frost.
Wednesday, December 14, 1949
$200 FOR ONE TEXT
I hereby offer $200 for one Bible text from the Bible -- either the King James (Protestant) Version or the Douay (Catholic) Version -- stating that Sunday -- the first day of the week should be observed by Christians as a day of rest and worship. A text meeting any one of the 7 specifications below will be sufficient to claim the $200.
DAVID F. SMITH, Pastor
Seventh-day Adventist Church
1. ONE TEXT stating that SUNDAY is the SABBATH or the Lord's day.
2. ONE TEXT that says the WEEKLY SABBATH has been changed.
3. ONE TEXT that commands Christians to keep the FIRST day as a day of rest and worship.
4. ONE TEXT that says JESUS ever kept the FIRST day, or SUNDAY, as the SABBATH, or enjoined anyone else to do so.
5. ONE TEXT that shows he EVER MENTIONED the day when on earth.
6. ONE TEXT that applies to the FIRST DAY of the week any sacred title or pronounces any penalty for its non-observance.
7. ONE TEXT that states, WHEN, WHERE, and by WHOM the weekly Sabbath was ABOLISHED.
SEVENTH-DAY ADVENTIST CHURCH
SUNDAY NITE DEC. 18!
Every text in the Bible mentioning the first day of the week or Sunday will be read at this meeting! Supporting musical program includes
PIANIST JOHN FLETCHER.
Thursday, December 22, 1949
THE $200 TEXT
In Wednesday's (December 14, 1949) issue of the Review-Journal there was an attractive ad placed by Mr. David F. Smith of the Seventh-day Adventist Church offering $200 for one text meeting any one of seven specifications. I hereby submit the requested text in the same public way in which the offer was made and make some observations of the sabbath (with no additional charge) to claim the $200. I shall give the text from the King James version to meet specification number seven: "One TEXT that states, WHEN, WHERE, and BY WHOM the weekly Sabbath was ABOLISHED."
"Abolish" means "to do away with wholly; to annul; to make void; as to abolish a law or custom, taxes, or folly." (Webster's Collegiate Dictionary) Before I give the $200 text showing WHEN, WHERE, and BY WHOM abolished, let us first notice WHEN, WHERE, and BY WHOM the sabbath was GIVEN. Study the following texts:
Exodus 3l:13 (17), "Speak thou (Moses) also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my sabbaths shall ye keep: for it is a sign between me and your generations; that ye may know that I am the Lord that doth sanctify you."
Deuteronomy 5:15, "And remember that thou wast a servant in the land of Egypt, and that the Lord thy God brought thee out thence through a mighty hand and by a stretched out arm: therefore the Lord thy God commanded thee to keep the sabbath day."
Nehemiah 9:l3-l4, "Thou (God) camest down also upon Mount Sinai, and spakest with them from heaven, and gavest them right judgments, and true laws, good statutes and commandments: and madest known unto them thy holy sabbath . . . by the hand of Moses thy servant."
The sabbath was GIVEN:
WHEN -- After the children of Israel were delivered from Egyptian bondage, they came unto Mount Sinai where God gave them the law (Exodus 20) in which He MADE KNOWN unto them the holy sabbath. In Exodus 16, as they came unto the wilderness of Sin, it is evident that they had not previously observed a sabbath because Moses had to explain, "Tomorrow is the rest of the holy sabbath." The next day he instructed, "Today is a sabbath unto the Lord." There is no record of the sabbath being MADE KNOWN unto any people before this time!
WHERE -- "Thou camest down also upon MOUNT SINAI . . . and madest known unto them thy holy sabbath."
BY WHOM -- "THOU (God) . . . madest known unto them thy holy sabbath . . . by the hand of Moses thy servant."
Let us also ask TO WHOM and WHY:
TO WHOM -- "Verily my sabbaths shall ye (children of Israel) keep: for it is a sign between me and your generations." "It is a sign between ME and the CHILDREN OF ISRAEL."
WHY -- "It is a SIGN between me and your generations; THAT YE MAY KNOW THAT I AM THE LORD THAT DOTH SANCTIFY YOU."
Now we shall see what happened to the law given to the children of Israel on Mount Sinai, graven in stones, by which God MADE KNOWN His holy sabbath. What happened to the law happened to all of its parts, including every part -- including the sabbath!
Here Is The Text
2 Corinthians 3:7-11, 14, "If the ministration of death, written and ENGRAVEN IN STONES, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not steadfastly behold the face of Moses for the glory of his countenance; which glory was to be done away: how shall not the ministration of the spirit be rather glorious? For if the ministration of condemnation be glory, much more doth the ministration of righteousness exceed in glory. For even that which was made glorious had no glory in this respect by reason of the glory that excelleth. For if that which IS DONE AWAY was glorious, much more that which remaineth is glorious . . . Their minds were blinded: for until this day remaineth the same vail untaken away in reading of the Old Testament; which vail IS DONE AWAY IN CHRIST."
When any law is done away, all of its parts vanish with it of necessity. For any part of the previous law to be of power it must be re-enacted into the new law. It cannot remain by reason of the old! The sabbath was "done away" in the law that MADE IT KNOWN.
Will Mr. Smith please remit the $200? His honesty and the integrity of the Seventh-day Adventist Church are now at stake. Let's not have him say that the words "sabbath," "when," "where," "by whom," and "abolished" are not in the text and excuse himself of his obligation. He did not ask for a text using the words, but that "states" (To set; settle; fix. To set forth in detail or in gross; to narrate. Webster's Collegiate Dictionary) those points.
In the event he cannot see the points, let us examine the text and see what it "sets forth."
ABOLISHED -- The text uses the expressions "done away" speaking of the whole law of which the sabbath is a part. So if "done away" in whole, "done away" in part -- out goes the sabbath! The text quoted next will "settle" this point even more firmly.
BY WHOM -- "Done away in CHRIST."
WHEN -- The expression "IN CHRIST" begs the time. Paul shows this to be his death in Hebrews 8:7; 9:16-17. Thus he speaks in Colossians 2:14-16, "nailed to the cross." That is when!
2 Corinthians 3:7-14 "states" WHEN, WHERE, and BY WHOM the sabbath was ABOLISHED! It therefore satisfies the specification and claims the $200.
The Clincher At No
Colossians 2:14-16, "Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross; and having spoiled principalities and powers, he made shew of them openly, triumphing over them in it. Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holy day, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days: which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ."
The text mentions "sabbath" and "nailed to his cross," satisfying the inquiries of
-- The time of "his cross," AD 33.
WHERE -- "his cross" was just out of Jerusalem.
BY WHOM -- "his" is Christ (verse 11 and 17).
The $200 well-earned!
Notice that the sabbath has not only been "nailed to his cross," but "let no man therefore judge you in respect of an holy day"!
Demonstrating fair sportsmanship, I'll give Mr. Smith a chance to earn back the $200 which should be forthcoming. I'll return the $200 for the text
That names the Seventh-day Adventist Church.
2. That commands a Christian to keep the sabbath.
P.S. Please send the $200 to:
Gene Frost, Minister
CHURCH OF CHRIST
1330 South Third
Sunday, January 1, 1950
THE $200 TEXT
Planning an audience participation at my church, I offered $200 for a text. The date, time and place for this meeting when claims for the money would be considered were printed plainly in the newspaper advertisement. A number of my own congregation, plus a number of friends of different faiths attended this meeting. During the service I made a public call for any text to be suggested by the audience that might be considered for the reward money. NO TEXTS WERE OFFERED BY THE AUDIENCE.
Three days after the announced time for this meeting had passed a strange claim appeared in the newspaper ad, advanced by one, Gene Frost, who claimed a right to the reward money. It seems that if this party had honestly felt that he had a right to the reward money -- then he would have ATTENDED THE MEETING WHEN IT WAS TO BE GIVEN AWAY.
I would not have troubled to reply, had the ad not contained several misstatements of fact, which should be answered.
Sabbath Before Sinai
Misstatement No. 1 implied that the Sabbath was not given before it was presented to the Jews at Mt. Sinai.
Obviously before a band of ignorant slaves could be made into a great nation for God, they needed instruction. But to imply that such principles of right were not in effect before this time is contrary to Scripture. In Rom. 3:20 the Apostle Paul writes, "For by the law is the knowledge of sin." In Rom. 4:5, he states, "Where no law is there is no transgression."
In Rom. 3:23 and 5:l2 he states twice that all have sinned. Now if all have sinned, and yet where no law is there is no transgression; this indicates that the law has been in existence since the beginning of human life on this planet. He amplifies this further in Rom. 3:23 by stating "For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed WHEN THERE IS NO LAW."
What law is the apostle talking about, which reveals sin? In Rom. 7:7 he states, "I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet." What law is it that contains the rule against coveting? As every Sunday school child knows, this rule is a part of the TEN COMMANDMENTS -- the law that at Sinai was graven in tables of stone by the finger of God.
The apostle states further in Rom. 7:12, "Wherefore the law is holy, and the commandment holy, and just and good." The enemies of the Law of God are shown up in their true light where the Apostle writes in Rom. 8:6,7. "For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace. Because the carnal mind is ENMITY AGAINST GOD for it is NOT SUBJECT TO THE LAW OF GOD neither indeed can be."
Sabbath Made at Creation
Sabbath keeping was enjoined upon the ISRAELITES while they were traveling toward Sinai (Ex. 16) but it was made for MAN at the creation of the world. Gen. 2:2, 3: "And on the seventh day God, ended His work which He had created and made; and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had made. And God blessed the seventh day, and SANCTIFIED it: because in it He had rested from all His work which God created and made." Mark 2:27: "And He said unto them, The sabbath was MADE for MAN and not man for the Sabbath."
The two oldest religious institutions observed by man are marriage and the sabbath. They are the twin institutions which come to us from the garden of Eden. The Sanctification of both, by God Himself, is recorded in the SECOND chapter of Genesis. This is even before the entrance of sin, which in the Genesis Narrative, takes place in the THIRD chapter.
Neither marriage or the Sabbath could have been abolished with the law that was done away at the cross, because this law was added "BECAUSE OF TRANSGRESSION." (Gal. 3:19) Marriage and the Sabbath were made for man BEFORE sin entered the world, hence obviously were not added because of transgression.
The Sabbath was made to be MEMORIAL of the creation of the world. "Remember the sabbath day to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labor and do all thy work: but the seventh day is the sabbath day of the Lord thy God . . . FOR in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, WHEREFORE the Lord blessed the sabbath day and hallowed it." Ex. 20:5-11. The law which was abolished at the cross is positively identified in Col. 2:14. "Blotting out the HANDWRITING OF ORDINANCES that was out of the way, nailing it to his cross . . . Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holy day, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days: WHICH ARE A SHADOW OF THINGS TO COME . . ."
That the handwriting of ordinances is a different law from God's great moral law, the ten commandments, is obvious from the following texts:
Spoken by God. Deut. 4:12, 1
Written with finger of God in tables of stone. Ex. 31:18.
Placed in ark. Deut. 10:1-5.
Perfect. Ps. 19:7.
Stand fast forever. Ps. 111:7, 8.
Not destroyed by Christ. Matt. 5:17.
Christ to magnify it. Isa. 42:21
Gives knowledge of sin. Rom. 3:20.
Law of liberty. James 9:10-12.
Heart of new covenant. Heb. 8:10 and 10:16
Spoken by Moses. Lev. 1:1-3.
Written by Moses in a book. Deut. 31:24.
Inside of ark. Deut. 31:24-26.
Made nothing perfect. Heb. 9:17.
Nailed to cross. Col. 2:14.
Abolished by Christ. Eph. 2:15.
Taken away by Christ. Col. 2:14.
Added because of sin. Gal. 3:19.
Contrary to us. Col. 2:14.
Old covenant promises. Heb. 8:5-9.
Since the abolishment of the handwriting of ordinances we are to let no man judge us of the holydays or sabbath days WHICH ARE A SHADOW OF THINGS TO COME. The Hebrew festival of the passover was a sabbath which POINTED FORWARD to Christ. After Christ came there was no point in observing it further. He instituted the communion to be observed by Christians from henceforth. In 1 Cor. 5:7 the Apostle Paul shows how it pointed forward to Christ, when he states its fulfillment: "Christ our passover is sacrificed for us." There were many other ceremonial sabbaths which similarly pointed forward to Christ. They were MONTHLY sabbaths and YEARLY sabbaths. These were a part of the handwriting of ordinances and were abolished at the cross.
However the WEEKLY sabbath was not a shadow of things to come. It is a memorial of an event in the PAST -- the creation of this world, as shown above with proof. Hence even though I can quote 2 Col. 2:14-6 by memory, still I am looking for a text that states where and by whom the weekly sabbath was abolished. Even though the time limit in the text contest has long since expired, I would be happy to pay $200 for such a text.
Ministration of Death
2 Cor. 3:7, "But the ministration of death, written and graven in stones, was glorious . . . how shall not the ministration of the spirit be rather glorious?" This, as Mr. Frost supposed, DOES refer to the ten commandments. The giving of the law was the ministration of death to sin and sinners. For, "Sin is the transgression of the law." 1 John 3:4 and "The wages of sin is death." Rom. 6:23.
This ministration of death IS to BE DONE AWAY in the experience of all who accept Jesus and allow Him to save them from sin. But Matt. 1:21 does not say that Jesus will save His people IN their sins. It says FROM their sins. To be saved from drowning means actually escape the watery death. To be saved from prison means actually to be released from behind its iron bars. As the Apostle Paul aptly argues, "Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound? GOD FORBID. How shall we that are dead to sin live any longer therein?" Rom. 6:1, 2.
The ministration of death, graven in stones, is abolished every time a sinner comes to Christ, accepts his saving power and STOPS SINNING. "Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: Yea we ESTABLISH THE LAW." Rom. 3:31.
The penalty -- the ministration of death -- is abolished when we accept Christ's sacrifice for sins, but by what streak of presumption could we go ahead and continue to break those commandments, and make of none effect the blood of the Son of God. (Heb. 10:28, 29) If the ministration of death was glorious, should not the ministration of the spirit be rather glorious?
When this divine miracle takes place in us and we become TRUE followers of Christ and his apostles, then the law is "Written not with ink, but with the spirit of the living God; not in tables of stone, but in the fleshy tables of the HEART." 2 Cor. 3:3.
John Wesley, noted founder of the Methodist Church, says:
In the highest rank of the enemies of the gospel of Christ, are they who openly and explicitly "judge the law" itself, and "speak evil of the law": who teach men to break (to dissolve, to loose, to untie the obligation of) not one only, whether of the least, but all the commandments at a stroke. The most surprising of all the circumstances that attend this strong delusion, is that they who are given up to it, really believe that they honor Christ by overthrowing his law, and that they are magnifying His office while they are destroying His doctrine!
Yea, they honor Him just as Judas did when he said, "Hail, Master," and kissed Him. And He may as justly say to every one of them, "Betrayest thou the Son of Man with a kiss?" It is no other than betraying Him with a kiss, to talk of His blood, and take away His crown, to set light by any part of His law, under pretense of advancing His gospel. Nor indeed can anyone escape this charge, who preaches faith in any such manner as either directly or indirectly sets aside any branch of obedience: who preaches Christ so as to annul, or weaken in any wise, the least of the commandments of God."
As To The Future
While, after prayerful consideration, I have decided that it would be best to answer, in a respectful manner, the charges published in the paper on Dec. 21 -- I am not at all convinced that the cause of Christ would be advanced, by having this discussion continue in print from week to week. While men of good will everywhere are praying for "peace on earth" I do not think it would be fitting or proper for two ministers who are striving to preach the gospel, to carry on a private war through the public press.
However, any who are interested in pursuing this subject are cordially invited to attend the announced services at the Seventh-day Adventist church, and to read the following books on the subject:
M. L. ANDREASON, The
Sabbath -- Which Day and Why?
CHARLES L. TAYLOR, The
Paper bound 50c
(The true story of a young ex-convict's conversion.
Contains arguments pro and con by Catholic priests
and ministers of several denominations on the
FRANK H. YOST, Ph.D. The
Early Christian Sabbath
ROBERT LEE ODOM, The Lord's Day on a Round World
(Publishers will be furnished on request, or you may order through the secretary of the local Seventh-day Adventist Church).
David F. Smith, Pastor,
Seventh-day Adventist Church.
LAS VEGAS REVIEW-JOURNAL
Thursday, January 5, 1950
THE $200 TEXT
I was happy to see Mr. David Smith's reply in the Sunday (January 1, 1950) issue of the Review-Journal to what he thought was a "strange" answer to his ad offer of December 14th.
I was disappointed, however, to see Mr. Smith delve in personalities and make excuses for not fulfilling his ad offer. Since he did attack my honesty, I must defend it for the sake of the truth. He said:
It seems to me that if this party had honestly felt that he had a right to the reward money -- then he would have ATTENDED THE MEETING WHEN IT WAS TO BE GIVEN AWAY.
What I "honestly" believed was that Mr. Smith would be as honest as his challenge. His excuse might appear legitimate where the facts are unknown. His offer boasted:
I hereby offer $200 for one Bible text from the Bible -- either
the King James (Protestant) Version or the Douay (Catholic) Version --
stating that Sunday -- the first day of the week should be observed by
Christians as a day of rest and worship. A text meeting any one of seven
specifications below will be sufficient to claim the $200.
Signed: David F. Smith
Pastor, Seventh-day Adventist Church
(I answered specification 7: "One TEXT that states, WHEN, WHERE, and BY WHOM the weekly Sabbath was ABOLISHED.")
This, Mr. Smith, is the offer. Where is the statement that "plainly" limits its fulfillment as to date, time, and place? You ought to be ashamed of this apparent misstatement of fact! Mr. Smith now says, "Even though the time limit in the text contest has long since expired, I would be happy to pay $200 for such a text." Mr. Smith, "would" or "do" you intend to stand by your ad boast?
I have something more to say about this matter of honesty. I was honest enough to give the text he requested stating WHEN, WHERE, and BY WHOM the sabbath was ABOLISHED, which text Mr. Smith has voluntarily admitted referred to the ten commandments! But he didn't give the text that I requested:
1. That names the Seventh-day Adventist Church? Is he honest in promoting an organization unknown to the pages of God's Word, that exists without one mention in the Holy Record?
2. That commands a Christian to keep the sabbath? I was honest enough to stand for what I believe -- was he?
I mention these things to keep the record straight.
My motive for meeting the challenge of Mr. Smith was not mercenary, but for the sake of the truth. Man cannot be saved by false doctrine, even though it is propagated under the guise of religion. While I hate the false doctrines of men, I love the souls involved. It is with the prayer that the truth of God's Word will lead souls out of the false way that I challenge Seventh-day Adventist doctrine. I am asking Mr. Smith to leave out personalities in future discussions and let us examine the issue before us in the light of God's Word for the edification of all men. When man resorts to dealing in personalities, I know that he is unable to support his doctrine scripturally.
The issue before us is not whether God ever gave a sabbath, which is the seventh day, for on this we agree. The issue is, to whom did God make it known and when. Or, more aptly, is the Seventh-day sabbath enjoined on Christians in this present dispensation?
In my previous article I showed WHEN, WHERE, BY WHOM, TO WHOM and WHY the sabbath was GIVEN: On Mount Sinai after their deliverance from Egypt (Neh. 9:13-14, Exodus 16, 20), God (Neh. 9:13-14. Deut. 5:15) gave to the children of Israel (Exodus 31:17) the sabbath, a sign that they might know that He is the Lord that sanctifieth them (Exodus 31:13).
In answer, he says that the sabbath was made at CREATION. He quotes Genesis 2:2-3 and fails to give it his attention. Moses said, as the accepted author of Genesis, "And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because in it He had rested from all His work which God created and made." WHEN did he bless and sanctify the seventh day as a sabbath? Not possibly at CREATION, for he blessed it because He HAD RESTED. "Had rested" is past perfect tense of the verb and refers to an action already completed in the past. The seventh day was sanctified sometime following creation, his rest. It could not have been the day He rested because He blessed it because He HAD RESTED! There is no indication that it was ever made known before Mount Sinai. Mr. Smith says, "Obviously before a band of ignorant slaves could be made into a great nation for God, they needed instruction." WHY did they need instructions to keep the sabbath if it had already been given? Certainly, "Sabbath keeping was enjoined upon the Israelites while they were traveling toward Sinai," as Mr. Smith says! It was not given or sanctified before!
In his attempt to show that the sabbath was given at creation, Mr. Smith quotes Romans 4:15, "Where no law is, there is no transgression." This to him "proves" that the sabbath was given at creation, though there is no mention of either creation or the sabbath. He assumes the very thing he sets out to prove. He reasons that "law" refers to the ten commandments. If so, it "worketh wrath" (verse 15) and "faith is made void" (verse 14). Further, Paul says that Christ has "abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments!" (Eph. 2:15) If every transgression means that the ten commandments have been broken, as he is forced to affirm, which of the ten did Adam and Eve break? The men of Israel in 1 Sam. 14:33? All of his arguments are based on assumption. He can answer his own arguments by answering the following question: Does God have any commandments besides the ten? I predict that he will not answer.
The Adventists assume: That the "law of God" and the "law of Moses" were two different laws.
The Bible teaches: That they are one and the same law, and uses the expressions interchangeably. "This Ezra went up from Babylon. And he was a ready scribe in the LAW OF MOSES . . . Ezra the priest, a scribe of the LAW OF GOD." (Ezra 7:6, 12) The expressions are also used interchangeably in Nehemiah 8:1, 8, and again in Luke 2:22, 23.
The Adventists assume: That Moses gave the law of Moses, not God.
The Bible teaches: That God gave the law of Moses. "This Ezra went up from Babylon. And he was a ready scribe in the LAW OF MOSES which the LORD GOD OF ISRAEL HAD GIVEN." (Ezra 7:6).
The Adventists assume: That God alone gave the law of God.
The Bible teaches: That Moses gave the law of God. "And when they brought out the money that was brought into the house of the Lord, Hilkiah the priest found a book of the LAW OF THE LORD GIVEN BY MOSES." (2 Chron. 34:14)
This all proves that the Adventists are wrong in teaching that the ''law of God" and the ''law of Moses'' are two separate laws. There was only one law. What Moses gave was by God's authority.
This law (including the sabbath) I have already shown was done away. WHEN, WHERE, and BY WHOM. (Re-read my first reply in the Review-Journal, December 22, 1949.)
Smith Admits The Sabbath
Was Done Away
Notice in his reply with reference to 2 Corinthians 3. Mr. Smith said, "This, as Mr. Frost supposed, DOES refer to the ten commandments." That's fine -- the disagreement ceases. 2 Cor. 3:11, "For if that (the ten commandments according to Mr. Smith) which IS DONE AWAY was glorious, much more that which remaineth is glorious." The ten commandments -- including the SABBATH -- DONE AWAY! "Let no man therefore judge you in respect of an holy day, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days: which are a shadow of things to come!" (Col. 2:16) Mr. Smith affirms my claim for the $200. Again his honesty and integrity of the Seventh-day Adventist Church are at stake!
A Play For Sympathy
Mr. Smith next makes a play for sympathy to the Methodists, though I fear they'll not hear his cry. With all due respect to John Wesley, my friends, he is not God, neither is his word the Word of God. Mr. Smith evidently fears the power of God's Word against him and now seeks consolation in the words of man.
The Public Should Know
1. That the Adventists do not keep the sabbath. Keeping the sabbath requires the following:
Doing no work. (Ex. 20:9-10)
(2) No baking or boiling. (Ex. 16:23)
(3) Bearing no burden. (Jer. 17:21-22)
(4) Offering two lambs. (Num. 28:9-10)
If they argue that these things were abolished because they are not in the ten commandments, why then do they refuse to eat pork? There is no prohibition against eating pork in the ten commandments. The doctrine of abstaining from meat today is of the devil. (1 Tim. 4:1-4)
2. That the Seventh-day Adventist Church denomination is not in the Bible.
3. That they are "deceitful workers." (2 Cor. 11:13) They conceal their identity as long as possible in their personal work, and their broadcasts and public services are presented under titles that do not reveal their true identity.
4. That Adventists assume the major premise in nearly all that they teach.
With love for their souls, I cry out, "Come out from this error!" Study the Scriptures -- prove all things!
As To The Future
For those interested in a full investigation of the issues involved, I am willing to pursue this subject. I am willing to sign the following proposition with Mr. Smith, and to make possible a copy of our respective articles to those interested. I suggest the following agreement:
1. To conduct a written discussion.
2. The purpose of this discussion is that it may be published in full with the ad and articles leading up to said discussion.
3. Each disputant will write four articles to the proposition.
4. Length of each article will be 4000 words, not varying more than 100 words shorter or longer.
5. The proposition: "The Bible clearly teaches that the fourth commandment of the decalogue -- viz., 'Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy' -- is binding on Christians under the new covenant."
Gene Frost, denies.
I am asking everyone interested in this discussion to please forward to me his name and address. Mr. Smith has indicated that there will be no further correspondence through the public press. In order to inform you of further developments, drop me a postal card (P.O. Box 1896) or telephone 2471-W or 3127 M.
I, too, can supply you with a book, though I do not choose to be unfair and send one, the contents of which have not been subjected to investigation by a sabbath advocate. Therefore, I recommend the Dugger-Porter Debate, a discussion of the Sabbath and the Lord's Day. Price: $1.00 (paper bound), $1.50 (cloth).
CHURCH OF CHRIST
1330 South Third
January 11, 1950
1. To conduct a written discussion.
2. The purpose of this discussion is that it may be published in full with the ad and articles leading up to said discussion.
3. Each disputant will write four articles to the proposition.
4. The length of each article will be 4,000 words, not varying more than 100 words shorter or longer.
5. The proposition:
The Bible clearly teaches that the fourth commandment of the decalogue -- viz., "Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy" -- is binding on Christians under the new covenant.
F. SMITH, affirms.
GENE FROST, denies.
The Bible clearly teaches that the fourth commandment of the decalogue -- viz., "Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy" -- is binding on Christians under the new covenant.
[ * See correspondence below. ]
Some law is binding on Christians since the death of Christ, for James in his epistle written A.D. 60 urges us to keep it. (Read Chapters 1 and 2) Whatever law this is, James insists that EVERY PART OF IT is binding. "For whosoever shall keep the whole law, yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all." James 2:10.
What law was binding on
Christians in the time when James wrote his epistle? If the ten
commandments recorded in Exodus 20 are binding, then the fourth one, which is
the sabbath commandment, is binding. If the ten commandments have been
abolished prior to A.D. 60; then we must seek out the new law for Christians to
see whether the sabbath is included.
The New Testament plainly
indicates that there are some Old Testament requirements that are binding on
Christians since the cross. "And that from a child thou hast learned
the holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation through
faith which is in Jesus Christ." 2 Tim. 3:15. Paul is writing
to Timothy, the young minister at the church of Ephesus. (1 Tim. 1:2 and
4:6) This second letter was written from Rome when Paul was about to be
brought before Nero the second time, about A.D. 66. All authorities agree
that the earliest of the New Testament Books were not written before about 54
This means that the
Scriptures Timothy was taught out of as a child, could be none other than the
Old Testament. Christ called the Old Testament "Scripture" when
He said to the Jewish leaders, "Search the Scriptures, for in them ye think
ye have eternal life, and they are they which testify of me." John
5:39. Under the word "Scripture" in Cruden's concordance we
word as used in the Bible refers almost invariably to the sacred writings, which
at that time consisted of the Old Testament. It is also used of a part of
it, especially when that part is to be quoted in a later passage.
The Old Testament, which
Timothy was taught as a child is able to make him wise unto salvation through
faith which is in Christ Jesus, says Paul. Now let us read the verse which
follows, "ALL SCRIPTURE is given by inspiration of God, and is PROFITABLE
for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in
righteousness." 2 Tim. 3:16.
What could the apostle
mean here when he tells us that ALL scripture is profitable? Could we by
any twist of the imagination think that he means only part of it? Some
would say, yes the Old Testament is all right for the stories it has, and for
the inspiration of Psalms. We can learn things by reading it, but we do
not have to follow it in New Testament times. But is this what the BIBLE
SAYS here in 2 Tim. 3:16? It says ALL scripture is profitable for
What is doctrine?
Webster's dictionary says, "That which is taught, the principles, belief,
or dogma, of any church, sect or party." According to this text
written by Paul ALL scripture is profitable then to give us the principles of
belief of the Christian church. It is not only profitable for doctrine,
but also for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, as
mentioned in this text.
How could Paul tell us any
plainer than in these words that the Old Testament is the guide book of the
Christian as well as the new? He states that it is profitable for all
these phases of Christian teaching. He says it can make one wise unto
Peter warns us that Paul
has written some things hard to be understood, and that some who are unstable,
wrest these and other scriptures to their own destruction. (2 Pet.
3:15,16) What should we do with the parts of scripture that we cannot
understand? "The secret things belong unto the Lord our God, but
those things which are REVEALED belong unto us and to our children for ever . .
." Deut. 29:29
There is no statement of
Paul's which is plainer nor easier to understand than verses 15 and 16 of 2
Timothy, chapter 3. So we KNOW that there are things in the Old Testament
that are profitable for doctrine, etc., under the new covenant. Paul has
specifically and plainly told us the forms of worship which are no longer to he
observed, also. So why not put the two together? Is not this the
wise plan to take exactly what the Bible tells us, rather than to read
into it something that is not there?
Now what are these old
Testament forms of worship which are not required in the new? Paul specifically
points them out so that there need be no question. CIRCUMCISION is one.
(Gal. 6:15) In fact the arguments about the law in Galatians were given
because someone was urging circumcision upon the Galatian church. ''They
constrain you to be circumcised.'' Gal. 6:12
THE AARONIC PRIESTHOOD was
also not to be continued. (Heb. 7:11, 12) And of course the change
in the priesthood indicated a change in the law which regulated the priesthood.
However the ten commandments say nothing about the priesthood, so there is no
indication here of a change in the ten commandments.
THE HANDWRITING OF
ORDINANCES, which were a shadow of things to come, were also abolished.
Col. 2:14-16. In this list all forms of worship involving meat, drink,
holyday, new moon, and sabbath days WHICH ARE A SHADOW OF THINGS TO COME are
abolished. (Vs. 17).
The Levitical law tells of
many ceremonial MEAT and DRINK offerings. These pointed forward to Christ,
and therefore come under the list mentioned in Col. 2 which are "Shadows of
things to come." See Heb. 9:9-12. An illustration in point is
THE PASSOVER LAMB which was to be eaten with bitter herbs. This pointed
forward to Christ, as indicated in 1 Cor. 5:7, "Christ, our passover, is
sacrificed for us."
But does the, "Let no
man therefore judge you in meat or in drink" statement of Col. 2 abolish
ALL regulations regarding eating and drinking? No. We find that
there are OTHER OLD TESTAMENT REGULATIONS that are still in force in the New.
The Bible mentions some specifically in Acts 21:25. Abstain from THINGS
STRANGLED, from things OFFERED TO IDOLS and from BLOOD. These are Old
Testament regulations which Acts definitely mentions as being in force in the
Because of the law against
the use of blood, the Jews were careful to kill animals in such a manner as to
permit free bleeding. We find this idea in the warning given by the church
council against things strangled. The law against eating blood is found in
Deut. 12:23, 24, as well as in a number of other places in the Old Testament.
Why do I mention this
about meats in seeking to prove that the sabbath of the fourth commandment is
still binding? The above mentioned text (Col. 2:14-l7) is used repeatedly
as an evidence by those who think the sabbath is abolished, and so we must
consider the text as a whole to see what it teaches. The above scriptures
prove conclusively that the reference to meat and drink does not abolish all Old
Testament regulations regarding eating and drinking. AND DOES IT NOT
FOLLOW as the night the day that NEITHER does the reference to a holyday and
sabbath days in the same verse abolish ALL SABBATH REGULATIONS of the Old
It merely abolishes those
that it SAYS it abolishes: Those which are a shadow of things to come!
Now let us candidly
compare these ceremonial sabbaths, which were shadows of things to come with the
sabbath of the 4th commandment. Three typical ones are the passover
sabbath (treated above), The Feast of Tabernacles, and the Day of Atonement.
At the feast of tabernacles the people offered the first-fruits of their crops
to the Lord. It pointed forward to Christ in that He became the
"First-fruits of them that slept." (1 Cor. 15:20, 23) On
the day of atonement, the high priest entered the most holy place of the
sanctuary, and sprinkled the blood of a lamb before the ark of God to make an
atonement for the sins of the people. That this pointed forward to the
sacrifice of Christ, the Lamb of God, is indicated in Rom. 5:11. ". .
. Our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement."
By way of contrast let us
now consider the weekly sabbath -- the sabbath of the fourth commandment.
"And God blessed the sabbath day and sanctified it BECAUSE in it he HAD
RESTED from all his work which he had created and made." At the
sabbath's first mention it points BACKWARD to a completed task. In the
fourth commandment again a pointing backward is indicated: "But the seventh
day is the sabbath of the Lord thy GOD . . . FOR in six days the Lord made
heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh
The sabbath is a memorial.
When we erect a memorial of some great statesman it POINTS BACKWARD reminding us
of the life he lived for his country. The inscription gives dates of the
past, his birth and death, and perhaps a mention of some of his most famous
deeds. The sabbath is not a memorial of the dead but of the living, it is
to turn our thoughts to him every time we REMEMBER that in six days he created
the heavens and the earth. The fourth is the only commandment that begins
with the word REMEMBER. The sabbath command is the only one that gives a
reason for keeping it, the fact that God created the heavens and the earth.
It has been shown
conclusively that there are Old Testament teachings which are PROFITABLE FOR
DOCTRINE under the new covenant. (2 Tim. 3:15,16) It has been proven
that Col. 2:14-17 does not abolish all Old Testament commands even regarding
eating and drinking for New Testament Christians. (Acts 21:25) It
not only does not abolish all commands in the respects listed in the text but
SPECIFICALLY LIMITS ITSELF to those things pointing forward to Christ.
Thus the sabbath of the
fourth commandment escapes the abolishment of Col. 2:14-17 on THREE COUNTS.
That this text does not abolish all Old Testament commands.
That this text does not even abolish all Old Testament commands regarding the
activities which it specifically mentions (as in meat and drink).
specifically limits its abolishment to those things which were shadows of things
to come, while the sabbath of the fourth commandment is to be remembered because of THE CREATION OF THIS EARTH which is in the past. (Ex. 20:8-11)
It has been argued that in
the phrase "sabbath days" in Col. 2:16, that the word "days"
is in italics, and that the text should read, "Or of the sabbath."
Such an argument is merely a play on words and an insult to the intelligence of
any scholarly audience. The original Greek here is
. The form is the genitive plural,
and is translated literally, "or of sabbaths." See any diaglott
or analytical Greek lexicon. THEREFORE, in no sense does the weekly
sabbath find itself included under the items named abolished in Col. 2:14-17.
Now let us continue with
our list of Old Testament forms of worship which are abolished in the New
Testament. CEREMONIAL WASHINGS AND ANIMAL SACRIFICES are mentioned
specifically as no longer necessary. (Heb. 9:10-14) Also the
SANCTUARY built on the plan given to Moses is called a figure of the true one in
heaven, where Jesus now ministers as our high priest in this dispensation.
(Heb. 9:24, 8:1,2)
The teachings of the Bible
are specific. God does not leave his will for us to be learned by
guesswork. All Old Testament rules no longer binding under the old
covenant are SPECIFICALLY POINTED OUT in the New Testament. Even such a
minor ordinance as circumcision, we find discussed repeatedly, so that there
will be no mistake. The end of the priesthood, (Levitical) the end of
ceremonial washings, the end of those things having to do with meats, drinks,
holydays and sabbaths which were a shadow of things to come, the end of the
sanctuary service, the end of animal sacrifices.
BUT WHERE in all this do
we find the end of the SABBATH of the fourth commandment? It is
conspicuous by its absence. ALL these minor details of worship are
SPECIFICALLY ENUMERATED. Does it not follow that if the SABBATH was to
have been abolished, it would have been MENTIONED?
God is not the author of
confusion. Can we accuse him now of being so inconsistent as to abolish
the sabbath and not even REFER to it, with its honored place among the ten great
rules graven in stone by the finger of God; and at the same time to take great
space to enumerate all these OTHER things which did not even merit being
included with the ten commandments?
WHERE IS IT??? I
sincerely want to know. I will still give $200 for a text stating when,
where, and by whom the weekly sabbath was abolished.
What has been said of the
sabbath is true of the OTHER COMMANDMENTS of the ten. Nowhere in the New
Testament do we find that the rule against idolatry, or graven images, or
blasphemy, or dishonor to parents, or murder, or adultery, or theft, or false
witness, or coveting is no longer to be observed. While WHOLE CHAPTERS and
BOOKS of the New Testament are given to discussing the items of the ceremonial
law which are no longer in effect: WHY -- if the ten commandments were
abolished -- is there not a single mention of the least item of these
great principles being done away?
The absence of any New
Testament evidence that the sabbath has been done away is a powerful argument
for its continued existence. Those who would put forward a new day for the
veneration of Christians, must first show where the old came to an end.
This they are unable to do.
But how about its importance?
This is the next question that comes to our minds. Suppose that it does
exist as a forgotten law -- still in force on the statute books of God,
but forgotten by man. Is it important enough that he should turn against
present day customs and usage, and order his life by the pure faith once
delivered to the saints?
If this rule had been
forgotten by all New Testament characters, we might well question its
importance. But the fact that we have INSTRUCTION in the NEW TESTAMENT on
HOW TO KEEP IT indicates that the Lord did consider it important for the New
Testament Christians. In fact the sabbath comes in for more than its share
of comment on how to keep it, compared with the amount of space given to the
keeping of the other 9 commandments.
(1) "It is
lawful to do well on the sabbath days."
Jesus heals a man with a
withered hand on the sabbath, and justifies his deed with these words. He
also indicates that it is proper to act in cases of emergency to relieve
suffering, by giving the example of the ox in the ditch. (See Matt.
(2) It is proper to
attend religious services. "And Jesus . . . came to Nazareth where he
had been brought up, and AS HIS CUSTOM WAS, he went into the synagogue on the
SABBATH DAY and stood up for to read." (Luke 4:14-16) "And
he (Paul) reasoned in the synagogue every sabbath, and persuaded the Jews and
the Greeks." (Acts 18:4).
(3) "In it thou
shalt not do any work." (Ex. 20:8-11) "And they returned
and prepared spices and ointments, and rested the sabbath day ACCORDING TO THE
COMMANDMENT." (Luke 23:56)
(4) In emergency it
is proper to take measures to relieve our own hunger or discomfort on the
sabbath. "And at that time Jesus went on the sabbath day through a
field of corn; and his disciples were an hungered, and began to pluck the ears
of corn, and to eat." Matt. 12:1. That Jesus considered this to
be an emergency is indicated by the fact that he justified this deed to the
Pharisees by quoting another emergency, when David, fleeing for his life ate of
the shewbread, which was for the priests only. (Matt. 12:3, 4)
(5) The day of
preparation is for all work that can be taken care of before the sabbath.
(6) It is proper to
go out among the beauties of nature. "And on the sabbath we went out
of the city by a riverside, where prayer was wont to be made; and we sat down,
and spake unto the women which resorted thither." (Acts 16:13)
It has been conclusively
shown that there is no evidence that the weekly sabbath is abolished. It
has also become evident that the New Testament contains teaching on how to keep
the sabbath. It will now further indicate that the Bible "clearly
teaches" that the sabbath is binding if we find that the ten commandments
in whose very heart the sabbath rule is found, are binding on Christians under
the new covenant.
A favorite text of those
who would seek to show the ten commandments abolished is 2 Cor. 3:7, "But
if the ministration of death, written and graven in stones, was glorious, so
that the children of Israel could not steadfastly behold the face of Moses for
the glory of his countenance; which glory was to be done away: shall not the
ministration of the spirit be rather glorious? For if the ministration of
condemnation be glory much more doth the ministration of righteousness exceed in
glory. For even that which was made glorious had no glory IN THIS RESPECT,
by reason of the glory that excelleth. For if that which was done away was
glorious, much more that which remaineth is glorious. Seeing then that we
have such hope, we use great plainness of speech: and not as Moses, which put a
vail over his face, that the children of Israel could not steadfastly look to
the end of that which is abolished." (2 Cor. 3:7-13)
All that this long
scripture plainly claims abolished is the glory of Moses' face. This was
to be done away. He covered it with a vail so that the people could not
steadfastly look to the end of that which is abolished. Some who are
anxious to read into this that the law is done away, apparently would have us
believe that because the passage ends with the word "abolished"
therefore everything mentioned in the texts foregoing is abolished. But
the scripture DOES NOT SAY SO. If we took this extreme view then the
ministration of condemnation is abolished, in which case no one will be lost,
everyone will be saved, John 3:16 is meaningless. Paul's missionary
journeys were not necessary, and the people who take the trouble to be religious
today are going through a lot of useless motions.
The scripture DOES plainly
state that the ministration of death, written and engraven in stones is not as
glorious as the ministration of the spirit. It further amplifies this
truth by stating that if the ministration of condemnation be glory, much more
doth the ministration of righteousness exceed in glory.
What is the purpose of
this ministration of death and condemnation by the Law? "Now we know
that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them that are under the law:
that EVERY MOUTH may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before
God." (Rom. 3:19) The purpose of the law is to let us know that
"All have sinned and come short of the glory of God." (Rom.
3:23) We must come to this place before we realize our need of a Savior.
This is how the law is our schoolmaster to bring us to Christ. (Gal. 3:24)
"Do we then make void
the law through faith? God forbid: yea we establish the law."
The third chapter of 2
Corinthians, far from proving that we do not need to order our lives in harmony
with the ten commandments, merely indicates the three steps in the Christian
life, sometimes referred to as the three "R's" of Christianity.
They are: (1) Ruin by the fall. (2) Redemption through the blood.
(3) Regeneration by the spirit. The ministration of death has to do with
the first "R." After the sinner knows that he is under
condemnation, THEN he comes to Christ for redemption (the 2nd "R").
And if the ministration of death was glorious is not the ministration of the
spirit rather glorious? After receiving forgiveness of sin he receives
cleansing from sin the new birth, the regeneration of the spirit, (3rd
"R") and if the ministration of condemnation was glorious is not the
ministration of righteousness exceeding in glory?
Are we justified by the
deeds of the law? According to Rom. 3:19, 20 the law was given that every
mouth may be stopped and ALL THE WORLD become guilty before God. THEREFORE
by the deeds of the law shall no flesh be justified in his sight."
Why? Because everyone has broken it. Paul is not making a rule, he
is just stating a fact. Simple, isn't it? Everyone broke it, so
naturally no one can be justified by keeping it. NO ONE EVER HAS kept it
The purpose of the law is
to show us our sins. James compares the law to a mirror. (Jas.
1:23-25) We look at it and it shows up the blemishes in our lives.
But will my face be clean if I smash the mirror to bits? Not at all.
The mirror is to help me. Neither will the enemies of the law clean up
their sinful hearts by trying to show it abolished. WE NEED IT. The
law is our schoolmaster to bring us to Christ.
"For by the law is
the knowledge of sin." Rom. 3:20
"What shall we say
then? Shall we continue in sin (lawbreaking, 1 John 3:4) that grace may
abound? GOD FORBID. How shall we that are dead to sin, live any
longer therein?" (Rom. 6:1, 2)
Some law is binding on
Christians since the death of Christ. There is not one scrap of evidence
in the New Testament proving that the ten commandments were abolished. The
Bible makes plain the forms of worship which were done away, but THE WHOLE TENOR
of New Testament teaching is to uphold the ten commandments. The Holy
Spirit seems to exhaust human vocabulary, using comparison, and admonition, and
precept and example and illustration to make these things plain.
Some law is binding on
Christians in the new covenant. Whatever law this is James says that every
PART of it is binding. We have found many parts of the ceremonial law not
binding, so this could not be it. THE ONLY LAW -- containing the
commands against murder and adultery, of which NO PART is said to be abolished
in the New Testament, is the TEN COMMANDMENTS. "For whosoever
shall keep the whole law, yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all.
FOR HE that said DO NOT COMMIT ADULTERY said also DO NOT KILL." Jas.
What law was binding on
Christians in the time when James wrote his epistle? There can be no
doubt. There is no question about it. That law, which is Christ said
He came not to destroy; that law, which Paul tells us is holy, just and good ;
that law, which James tells us we will be judged by is none other than the ten
commandments, graven in stone by the finger of God.
If the ten commandments
are binding on Christians today, then the sabbath command of the fourth
commandment is binding also. If we break the sabbath we commit sin.
We are sinners and stand condemned, and the wages of sin is death. (Rom.
"TURN away thy foot
from the sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day, and call the sabbath a
delight, the holy of the Lord, honorable . . ." Isa. 58:13.
[ * See Correspondence below. ]
I am happy to enter this discussion with my friend, David Smith, who is endeavoring to prove that Christians under the new covenant must keep the sabbath of the law. I appreciate being able to continue the discussion begun in the newspaper and to have this opportunity of delving deeper into this subject with my opponent.
While my friend failed to
define the proposition I believe that it is clear enough in wording that there
should be no question to its import.
My opponent, knowing that
the sabbath is nowhere commanded under the new covenant, must resort to the old.
But this does him no good, affirming it is binding on Christians under the
new covenant, unless he can prove that the old law is the new law or part
thereof. This he makes a feeble attempt to do. However, all that is
necessary to refute his assumption is to prove that the old law is done away.
If the old law is done away it is impossible for the affirmative to make it the
authority in the new. This I intend to do at this time, and at the same
time showing its location historically in the scheme of redemption.
In contending for the
observance of the sabbath day of Exodus 20, Adventists overlook the significance
of history which is summarized by the apostle Paul in Galatians three.
This became apparent in our newspaper discussion which yet remains to be
answered by David Smith. Since this discussion is to include, according to
our "agreement," the newspaper discussion, I shall not redevelop the
points already made but will merely summarize and await Mr. Smith's reply.
Four hundred and thirty
years before the law was given at Mount Sinai, God made the promise to Abraham,
"In thee shall all nations be blessed . . . He saith not, And to
seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ."
(Gal. 3:8, 16) At Sinai God made a covenant with the children of
Israel, even the law. It was in this law that the sabbath was given
or made known: "Thou camest down also upon Mount Sinai, and spakest with
them from heaven, and gavest them right judgments, and true laws, good statutes
and commandments: and madest known unto them thy holy sabbath . . . by
the hand of Moses thy servant." (Deut. 9:13-14) But this law
"cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect.
For if inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise: but God gave it to
Abraham by promise. Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added
because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the
promise was made; . . . But before faith came, we were kept under
the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed.
Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we
might be justified by faith. But after that faith is come, we are
no longer under a schoolmaster." (Gal. 3:17-25)
This history is too plain
to be misunderstood even with expert help of Adventist teachers. The law
was "added . . . till" Christ should come. Before he came, they
"were kept under the law," but now that he "is come," we are
no longer under the law! This law, written and engraven in stones is
abolished according to Paul in 2 Corinthians 3, the text satisfying the $200
offer. In Col. 2:14 he says that Christ took it out of the way, nailing it
to his cross." Rom. 6: 14 and Gal. 5:18, we "are not under the
law." Rom. 7:4, "ye also are become dead to the law."
Rom. 7:6, "we are delivered from the law." Rom. 10:4,
"Christ is the end of the law." (Eph. 2:15)
The old law is done away;
therefore, it could not be the new or in the new in whole or in part.
Smith is prone to think that if any principles of Old Testament law are
contained in the New Testament they are there by virtue of Old Testament
authority. But not so! When a new law is given, it may or may not
contain some of the principles of the former law. Just because some of the
first's principles are adopted into the second, it does not obligate the
legislature to place all of the first into the second, nor does it obligate
those under the new law to keep the first law. Let me illustrate.
This country at one time was under the law of England. When we broke
relationship with that country we severed responsibility to her law. When
our lawmakers drafted a new law, they placed some of the good principles of the
English law in it. But this did not obligate them to adopt the entire
English law, nor did it obligate the freed people to continue observance of the
old law. When a law is abolished, it is abolished! If any principle
of the old law is to be in the new, it must be adopted therein. This, of
course, must be so stated in the new law. Mr. Smith thinks that if any
principles of the law of England are in the laws of the U.S., all of the English
law must be kept unless they are "SPECIFICALLY POINTED OUT" in the law
of the U.S. This is his argument with reference to the new covenant and
the old. Absurd.
My opponent needs to
understand what a testament is. Testament means "will" and
"covenant." (Thayer's Greek-English Lexicon, on diathaka,
"testament".) "For where a testament is, there must also
of necessity be the death of the testator. For a testament is of force
after men are dead otherwise it is of no strength at all while the
testator liveth." (Heb. 9:16-17) Hence, the testament of
Christ, or the New Testament, is the law that went forth after his death.
For a law to be binding on Christians under the new covenant, the law must be
found in the new will. Nothing is in a will unless so stated. So
with a covenant. One may not add to the things mentioned and only the
things mentioned are binding. "Brethren, I speak after the manner of
men though it be but a man's covenant, yet if it be confirmed, no man
disannulleth, or addeth thereto." (Gal. 3:15) Hence, if my
Adventist friends would have Christians under the new covenant keep the sabbath
they must find the new testament command. Where in the will of Christ is a
Christian commanded to keep the sabbath? "And hereby we do know that
we know him, if we keep his commandments. He that saith, I know him, and
keepeth not his commandments is a liar, and the truth is not in him."
(1 John 2:3-4) "Therefore we ought to give the more earnest heed to
the things which we have heard, lest at any time we should let them slip.
For if the word spoken by angels was steadfast, and every transgression and
disobedience received a just recompense of reward; how shall we escape, if we
neglect so great salvation: which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord,
and was confirmed unto us by them that heard him." (Heb. 2:1-3)
The will of Christ which was at the first began to be spoken by the Lord was
confirmed by them that heard him. Therefore, under the new covenant we
live according to His word as confirmed by the apostles. (John 14: 26,
16:13) If the sabbath is to be observed today we must find it commanded in
the New Testament, not before it first began to be given. If the sabbath
is taught without such commandment the teacher transgresses the New
Testament! Such a teacher has not God nor Christ, and is a liar (John 9, 1
John 3:4) Further, the apostle Paul wrote, "But though we, or an
angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than that which we have
preached unto you, let him be accursed. As we said before, so say I now
again, If any man preach any other gospel unto you than that ye have received,
let him be accursed." (Gal. 1:8-9) My disputant must show us in
the gospel that Paul preached the command to keep the sabbath or, in the
language of Paul, "let him be accursed."
We are not under the law
but under the new covenant! (Heb. 8:6-13) It is not enough to find
the sabbath given in the law which has been done away. Let us have the
Adventists give the text commanding a Christian to keep the sabbath.
Now let us further
investigate some of the claims made by Mr. Smith. In trying to bring the
Old Law into the New, as I have already pointed out, Mr. Smith assumes
a rule that all the Old Testament is included in the New unless
"SPECIFICALLY POINTED OUT" not in it. This is contrary to law,
logic, and the scriptures as already shown. I ask my opponent for the
scripture teaching his rule. It, like many other doctrines of the
Adventists, is not to be found outside of Adventist theories and assumptions.
However, if Mr. Smith's rule were true it would not help him for in Col. 2:14-16
it is SPECIFICALLY POINTED OUT to "let no man pass judgment on you in
questions of a sabbath." I'll have more to say of this presently.
The affirmative next makes
a quibble on 2 Tim. 3:15-16. Certainly the Old Testament is true and ought
to be taught, for "all these things happened to them for ensamples; and
they are for our admonition," "for whatsoever things were written
aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of
the scriptures might have hope." (1 Cor. 10:11, Rom. 15:4) This
is far from saying that the Old Testament is written for our authority as Mr.
Smith would like to imply. Rather, Jesus is our "authority,"
"and hereby we do know that we know him, if we keep his commandments."
(Matt. 28:18, 1 John 2:3).
Col. 2:14-16 seems to
bother my Adventist friends. No wonder. Here we have a command that
SPECIFICALLY POINTS OUT that the sabbath along with the holyday and feasts be
not observed. "Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was
against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to
his cross; and having spoiled principalities and powers, he made shew of them
openly, triumphing over them in it. Let no man therefore judge you in
meat, or in drink, in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the
sabbath days: which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of
Christ." The law having been abolished, "nailed to his
cross," let no man judge you of the sabbath (which, after all, is a part of
that law which has been abolished: therefore). In 1 Chronicles 23:30-31, 2
Chronicles 2:4, 18:13, 31:3, Neh. 10:33, we have set forth the feasts as kept by
the Jews. In these references we have the services specified as morning
and evening (being the daily service), in the sabbath (being the
weekly service), the new moon (being the monthly service), the solemn or set
feast (being the annual service as outlined in Leviticus 23). The Jews
observed feasts daily, weekly, monthly, and yearly. Now notice Col. 2:16:
"Let no man judge you in meat or drink (daily), or in respect of an holyday
(yearly), or of the new moon (monthly), or of the sabbath days (weekly)."
Hence, the weekly sabbath is SPECIFICALLY POINTED OUT!
These are a shadow of
things to come, therefore my friend reasons that the weekly sabbath could not be
included as it was a memorial pointing back to creation. My opponent then
leads us to believe that the sabbath is a memorial for us, but he misses the
boat. I have shown him before, but he refuses to look, that the sabbath
with all the law was given to the Jews: "Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep:
it is a sign between me and you throughout your generations ...
It is a sign between me and the children of Israel." (Ex.
31:13, 17) Remember that the law (sabbath included) was "added . . .
till" Christ came. All these things were a shadow and must continue
in force till the body, Christ should come. Paul therefore says, "the
body is of Christ." Evidently there was some effort being made
to bind the disciples at Colosse under the law, forcing them to be circumcised
and submit to the law. Paul corrects this false teaching, saying that the
law was ''nailed to the cross.'' The Christ had come and the law had
served its purpose. Therefore let no man judge you in the law which are a
shadow of things to come, even Christ. "Beware lest any man spoil
you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of man, after the
rudiments of the world, and not after Christ: for in him dwelleth all the
fullness of the Godhead bodily. And ye are complete in him," et
cetera. (Read verses 6-17) Also consider Hebrews 4:3-11.
I noticed with particular
interest Mr. Smith's comments: "It has been argued that in the phrase 'sabbath
days' in Col. 2:16, that the word 'days' is in italics, and that the text should
read, 'Or of the sabbath.' Such an argument is merely a play on words and
an insult to the intelligence of any scholarly audience." Maybe my
opponent will compliment the intelligence of this audience by telling us just
what is the significance of the italicized word. I shall eagerly await his
answer. Too, he might explain why some translations omit the word
"days." Again, since he has made reference to the Greek, maybe
he will tell us the Greek word for "days" in Col. 2:16.
I was surprised to see
David Smith bring up the $200 text again. I was under the impression that
he had had enough of "texts" and especially 2 Corinthians 3. I
attended his service at which time he advertised to "answer all doctrinal
charges" made in the paper, but I failed to hear any mention of the text.
In fact, my opponent seems to have overlooked all of the scriptures discussed in
the paper except two! (We agreed on one all along.) Now since he is
bringing in 2 Corinthians 3, maybe he will answer the arguments made in the
My friends would have us
to believe that only the glory of the law was abolished but not the law itself.
And so he wants to bring an unglorious law into the new law! But notice
the eleventh verse (2 Corinthians 3): "For if that which is done away was
glorious, much more that which remaineth is glorious." To what does
"that" refer? If it refers to "glory" then we accuse
Paul of unintelligent tautology and the glory of the law is not done away as
stated ; hence, a contradiction. But notice verses 7-8 "But if the
ministration of death, written and engraven in stones was glorious . . . how
shall not the ministration of the spirit be rather glorious?" What
was glorious? "The ministration of death, written and engraven in
stones was glorious." What happened to it? "Is done
away." Notice that my friend has already admitted in the paper that
this refers to the ten commandments! The $200 that Mr. Smith and the
Seventh-day Adventist Church have again offered ought to be forthcoming.
His honesty and the integrity of the SDA church are at stake.
Next our attention is
called to Rom. 3:31, ''Do we then make void the law through faith?"
The article is not found before ''law," but is found before
"faith" hence, "Do we then make void law through THE faith?"
(See translation notes, Revised Version) Do you mean to affirm, Mr. Smith,
that every time law is mentioned that it refers to the law of Moses or the ten
commandments? And answer this: Does God have any law besides the ten
We are next given James
2:10-12 to prove (?) that the ten commandments are binding. Has Mr. Smith
ever noticed that in the eighth verse there is quoted a commandment not found in
the ten? Does this mean that we are to keep all the law in which it is found?
But James does not mention the sabbath commandment at all. He did not say
keep it. He referred to the "law of liberty." (v. 12)
All of the scriptures used
to show the "importance" of the sabbath save one, refer to its
observance before the New Covenant was established. (Heb. 9:16-17)
The one quoted under the New Testament is Acts 16:13, "And on the sabbath
we went out of the city by a riverside, where prayer was wont to be made."
This says nothing of keeping the sabbath. What my friend must find to
sustain his contention is a command for Christians to keep the sabbath, or an
example of a Christian who kept it under the new covenant. To date my
opponent has done neither. His best has been to assume and flit through
the archives of the Old Testament. Our discussion is not whether or not
the sabbath has ever been commanded or its importance to those to whom it was
given. Our proposition reads that Christians under the new covenant must
keep the sabbath. My opponent says, "Yes.'' Let's have the
I believe that this
answers all arguments he has made in support of his proposition. If
anything has been overlooked, I ask that he call it to my attention. I
don't want to overlook anything.
I shall present some
things more for Mr. Smith to consider now. The sabbath was a sign between
God and the children of Israel. (Ex. 31:13, 17) It then could not be
binding on any other people than the Jews and those proselyted to the Jewish
religion. It could not continue in force longer than the Jews were the
peculiar people of God. Notice now: (1) None during the Jewish age could
acceptably come to God except by identifying himself with God's sanctified.
(2) The sabbath was not in force previous to the giving of the Sinaitic law.
(3) It was never given to others than the Israelite people. (4) It
could not continue in force longer than the law of which it is a part is in
force. Paul said in Romans 3:19, "Now we know that what things soever
the law says, it says to them that are under the law." Therefore, if
the sabbath was in force today without change, no Gentile as such would be bound
to observe it. Even the Seventh-day Adventist Churches that are made up of
Gentiles would not be obligated to keep it. It was not given to the
Gentiles as such.
Furthermore, the law
(including the sabbath commandment) was never intended to be permanent, nothing
more than "added ... till" Christ should come fulfilling the promise.
This change from the covenant given at Sinai was frequently foretold by the
prophets during the existence of the Sinaitic covenant. Jeremiah foretold
the change: "Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will make a new
covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: not
according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I
took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant
they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the Lord: but this shall
be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days,
saith the Lord, I will put my laws in their inward parts, and write it in their
hearts and I will be their God, and they shall be my people." (Jer.
31:31-33) This scripture is quoted in Hebrews 8:7-10 by the apostle Paul
showing that the covenant containing the sabbath law was abolished in Christ.
Again, the abolishment is foretold by Jeremiah in 32:40 and 33:14. Isaiah
foretells the change in 55:3 and Ezekiel in 37:26. Even the expressions
regarding the sabbath show that it was limited to the Jewish age. Exodus
31:16, "Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe
the sabbath throughout their generations." This shows that it was not
permanent. You never read, "Thou shalt not kill throughout your
generations." Or, "The children of Israel shall not commit
adultery throughout their generations." Of course not! But,
"the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath . . . throughout their
generations." The expression shows that the sabbath was not to be
permanent. It was limited to the generation of Jews. When they
ceased to be the sanctified people of God, the law having been abolished, the
sabbath was no longer binding. It was done away with all the law.
Even after the death of
Christ, after the law had been "nailed to the cross," men contended
that the law should be kept (which included the sabbath). From the very
infancy of the church it was a subject of hot controversy, "Shall we keep
the law?" Some teachers of Judaic tendency insisted that Christians
keep the law. You remember that Paul and Barnabas were sent to Jerusalem
that with the apostles and elders there they might reach a decision on the
issue. The apostle Peter on the occasion stood forth and related his
experience in the conversion of the Gentiles of the house of Cornelius. He
concluded, "Now therefore why tempt ye God, to put a yoke upon the neck of
the disciples, which neither our fathers nor we are able to bear?"
(Acts 15:10) This yoke was the Sinaitic law. Even David violated the
sabbath and ate bread in the temple which was unlawful to do. Have you not
read that the priests profane the sabbath and are blameless? They could
not bear it. Hence, the apostles, elders and brethren wrote letters to the
churches saying, "Forasmuch as we have heard, that certain went out from us
have troubled you with words, subverting your souls, saying, Ye must be
circumcised, and keep the law, to whom we gave no such commandment."
In practically every
letter the apostle Paul wrote to the churches he spent much time and effort in
the discussion of keeping the law. To the church at Rome: 3:20, 7:4-7.
To the Corinthians: 2 Cor. 3:3-11. To Galatia: 3:10-25. To Ephesus:
2:14-15. To the Colossians: 2:14-16. To the Hebrews: 8:6-13,
10:28-29, 12:18-25. Et cetera. Of all topics discussed in the New
Testament, none is so fully treated as the matter of keeping the law and none so
repudiated by the weight of evidence as the modern doctrine commanding men to
keep the sabbath.
I emphasize: Sabbath
keeping is without New Testament authority. I challenge any man to
produce the text commanding a Christian to keep the sabbath!
In the newspaper, my
opponent attempted to establish two laws at Sinai. One he designated the
''Law of God'' and the other "Handwriting of Ordinances.''
This line of argument he has since dropped, as well as other arguments made in
the paper, unless he intends to develop it in his contention in James 2, but we
will wait for that. Before he has more to say along that line, I recall to
him my newspaper reply, and ask, Where are the scriptures that say that the
"ten commandments'' and the "rest of the law" are "two
separate laws"? If the Adventists be right in this contention (and
they are not), then there are three laws: two at Sinai and one by promise in
Christ make three. But of course this is just not so. There was only
one covenant made at Sinai. "Tell me, ye that desire to be under the
law, do ye not hear the law? For it is written, that Abraham had two
sons, the one by a bondwoman, the other by a free woman. But he who was of
the bondwoman was born after the flesh; but he of the freewoman was by promise.
Which things are an allegory: for these are the two covenants; the one from
mount Sinai, which gendereth to bondage, which is Agar. For this Agar is
mount Sinai in Arabia, and answereth to Jerusalem which now is, and is in
bondage with her children. But Jerusalem which is above is free, which is
the mother of us all." (Gal, 4:21-26) Get it! Paul says
there are two Covenants -- Adventists affirm three. Paul said there
is "one from mount Sinai" -- Adventists say "two."
So Adventists hopelessly contradicts the Bible. (And itself as I
shall point out as the discussion progresses.) But further: Agar, the
bondwoman, is mount Sinai. (v. 22, 25) Now notice verses 30-5:1 --
out the bondwoman and her son: for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir
with the son of the freewoman. So then, brethren, we are not children of
the bondwoman but of the free. Stand fast therefore in the liberty
wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of
One law was given at Sinai
and we are free from it. Notice, too, that Paul said the son of the
bondwoman (law at mount Sinai) shall not be heir with the son of the freewoman
(the law of liberty). Yet, my opponent has endeavored to make ALL the law
heir with the will of Christ except the parts "specifically pointed
out" -- the very thing that Paul said should not be!
Rewording the proposition
to affirm the truth, we have: "The Bible clearly teaches that the fourth
commandment of the decalogue -- viz., 'Remember the sabbath day, to keep
it holy' -- is NOT binding on Christians under the new covenant."
[ * See Correspondence below. ]
The third paragraph of Mr. Frost's First Negative says, "My opponent, knowing that the sabbath is nowhere commanded under the new covenant, must resort to the old." Here I have received credit for knowing something which I do not know. If this is the case someone should enlighten me.
We read in the book of
Hebrews about the new covenant, "For if that first covenant had been
faultless, then should no place have been found for the second. For
finding fault with them he saith, "Behold the days come saith the Lord,
when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of
Judah ... For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of
Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will PUT MY LAWS INTO THEIR MINDS,
AND WRITE THEM IN THEIR HEARTS: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be
to me a people." Heb. 8:7-10.
Far from failing to find
the sabbath under the new covenant, I find that man's relation to the law of God
is more intimate and personal under the new than it was under the old, "Not
with ink but with the Spirit of the living God; not in tables of stone, but in
fleshy tables of the heart." (See 2 Cor. 3:3)
Also in paragraph 3 Mr.
Frost states that it will be necessary for me to, "Prove that the old law
is the new or part thereof." This reference to the new law fills me
with the greatest of curiosity. What is it? When was it given?
I read on in Mr. Frost's First Negative searching for clues as to its identity.
In paragraph 8 these words
appear, "Hence the testament of Christ, or the New Testament, is the law
that went forth after his death." Here Mr. Frost indicates that a law
went forth after Christ's death. Perhaps this is the "new law"
which means so much to him
But if so, where, when,
and by whom was it given? There is no question as to the essence and
authorship of the ten commandments, proclaimed by God to the Israelites from Mt.
Sinai amid heaven's thunder and smoke, and engraven by the finger of God in
tables of stone for Moses to carry down from the mount. There is no
question as to the essence and authorship of the Sermon on the Mount, enunciated
in beautiful simplicity by Jesus before the multitudes on the grassy hillside,
and recorded by his disciple Matthew. Nor is it difficult to find the
disciple John's "new" commandment which is really just a restating of
the old. See 1 John 2:7, "Brethren I write no new commandment unto
you, but an old commandment which ye had from the beginning . . ."
See also Lev. 19:18 . . ." Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself."
So now WHERE is the
"new law" given, which according to Mr. Frost's arguments was given
after the death of Christ, and which contains all of the ten commandments but
the sabbath command? "Surely if the ministration of death was
glorious, shall not the ministration of the Spirit be rather glorious?"
If the old law was given from a mountain top by the voice of God, with thunder
and lightning, should not at least an equally noticeable manifestation be given
at the presentation of the new? Jesus said, "These things were not
done in a corner."
A few random quotes from
the Old Testament scattered here and there in the New, certainly will not
suffice. In fact these only serve to indicate that the Old Testament law
was considered binding by New Testament writers or they would not have quoted
We shall wait respectfully
now for the chapter and verses containing the presentation of the "new
law" en total. We would also like to know when and by whom
it was presented, with chapter and verse. In paragraph 8 of his first
negative Frost says, "Nothing is in a will unless so stated." SO
WILL HE FIND THE NEW LAW FOR US IN THE WILL OF CHRIST?
I will accept Mr. Frost's
definition that a testament is a will. "For a testament is of force
after men are dead." True. If a wealthy uncle leaves you $5000
you do not get it until after his death. It is of no strength at all while
the testator liveth." Even if the relatives sit around the dying
man's bed like hungry vultures, the will, giving them the money, does not go
into effect until the man dies.
But when was the will
MADE? It had to be made BEFORE the rich man died, or else no court in the
land would hear it. "Brethren, I speak after the manner of men;
though it be but a man's covenant, yet if it be confirmed, no man disannulleth,
or addeth thereto." Gal. 3:15. Christ's will was confirmed and
went into effect at the time of his death. To add anything to it later
would be forgery of the basest sort.
Even if the Apostle Paul
had added anything later -- which he didn't -- it would have been
forgery. "For other foundation can no man lay than that which IS LAID
which is Jesus Christ.'' Therefore on the basis of whether it is a part of
the last will and testament of Jesus Christ: Sunday observance was THREE DAYS
TOO LATE ever to become a part of the Christian religion. Even if the
disciples had observed that first Sunday -- which they didn't --
Sunday observance would still have been three days too late to ever become a
part of the will of Christ, because it was not written into the will of Christ
before He died.
To fulfill the
specifications necessary for a will -- the testament of Christ should
have been given in the presence of witnesses BEFORE his death, and its
provisions followed AFTER his death. However as far as a new law, or
revoking of the weekly sabbath, or the introduction of this Sunday business --
WHERE is it? We do not find it given before Christ's death, neither do we
find it observed by apostles after his death. Neither Sunday-keeping nor
Sabbath-breaking have a leg to stand on if they seek for it in the will of
Christ. There is not one scrap of Bible evidence to support such a
In paragraph 3 again
quoting Mr. Frost, ''However all that is necessary to refute his assumption is
to prove that the old law is done away. If the old law is done away it is
impossible to make it the authority in the new." Shall we not pause
here for sober reflection? A house of argument built upon these "if's"
is worse than on a sandy foundation. And about it being authority for the
new. Suppose there isn't any new? Will not my most able opponent be
embarrassed if he seeks to outline my task of proving that the old law is in the
new law when there isn't any new? Well, at any rate I shall be waiting
word as to when, where, and by whom it was proclaimed. Also for the
context of this new law.
It has been requested that
I present something as to the historical significance of the law.
Evidently the proofs presented in the newspaper article in which I answered the
first challenge, were not deemed sufficient by my opponent. I would like
to request that the reader go over the points in that article, so that I will
not have to repeat them here. This will allow me space to provide the
following additional proofs.
"Thou camest down
also upon Mount Sinai, and spakest with them from heaven, and gave them right
judgments, and true laws, good statutes and commandments: and madest known unto
them thy holy sabbath . . . by the hand of Moses thy servant." Neh.
Those of the Campbellite
persuasion seek here to place great emphasis on the two words "Madest
Known." They feel that this indicates that no sabbath law was in
existence prior to Sinai. And they conclude that it was a temporary
provision for the benefit of Jews only, rather than for the whole human race for
In Ezekiel 20:5 we find
these words: "And made myself known unto them in the land of Egypt."
Does that mean that before he made Himself known to the Hebrews in the land of
Egypt God had no existence? It is just as reasonable as to conclude from
the other "madest known" phrase above, that before Sinai the sabbath
had no existence.
The argument is also
advanced that Sabbath observance is not specifically mentioned until Exodus 16.
Therefore it was not kept before that time. Exodus 16 is 1 month before
the Law given on Mt. Sinai as recorded in Exodus 20. In the book of Acts
there is no record of meeting to break bread after Pentecost until the one
mentioned in Acts 20. Therefore according to this kind of reasoning there
was no meeting to celebrate the communion for a space of about 27 years.
Jesus himself overthrows
the argument that the sabbath did not exist before Sinai, with the statement,
"The sabbath was made for man." Mark 2:27. We read in
Genesis 2:7 that Adam was a man. We read in Genesis 2:1-3 the record of
the creation of the sabbath.
The law of the ten
commandments existed before sin came into the world. If there had been no
law there could have been no sin. "For where no law is there is no
transgression." Rom. 4:15. "Sin is not imputed when there
is no law." Rom. 5:13. "Sin is the transgression of the
law." John 3:4. The law is the agency which points out sin,
"For by the law is the knowledge of sin." Rom. 3:20. What
law gives this knowledge of sin? Paul answers, "Nay I had not known
sin but by the law; for I had not known lust, except the law had said,
"Thou shalt not covet." Rom. 7:7. What law contains the
commandment against coveting? It is the ten commandments. James
tells us that if we break one of those commandments we break all. James
It has also been alleged
by my opponent in a previous statement that no Gentile was ever commanded to
keep the sabbath. In Isaiah 56:2, 6, 7 we read, "Blessed is the man
that doeth this and the son of man that layeth hold on it; that keepeth the
sabbath from polluting it, and keepeth his hand from doing evil . . . also the
son of the stranger [foreigners, A.R.V.] that join themselves to the
Lord, to serve him, and to love the name of the Lord, to be his servants,
everyone that keepeth the Sabbath from polluting it, and taketh hold of my
covenant; even them will I bring to my holy mountain, and make them joyful in my
house of prayer."
This is speaking of
strangers -- gentiles -- not those that join themselves to the
Jews, but those that join themselves to the Lord. Well here is the text.
Also in Acts 13:42, 44 and 17:1-4, and 18:4, 11 we have specific instances of
Gentiles observing the sabbath in New Testament times. The next question
is, "If we are honest what shall we do about it?''
Which law was added
because of transgression, till the seed should come to whom the promise was
made? There was obviously more than one law given in the Old Testament,
because God said, "How long refuse ye to keep my commandments, my statutes,
and my laws." That there was a law in existence before sin entered,
and that that law was the ten commandments, I have already shown with
Now what law is it that
came later, which was added because of transgression? This is the
ceremonial law. That this is a separate law is indicated in Lev, 7:1,
"Likewise THIS IS THE LAW of the trespass offering: it is most holy."
See also verse 11, "AND THIS IS THE LAW of the sacrifice of peace
offerings, which he shall offer unto the Lord." See also verse 37,
"THIS IS THE LAW of the burnt offering, of the meat offering, and of the
sin offering, and of the trespass offering, and of the consecrations, and of the
sacrifice of the peace offerings." Compare this with the law of Col.
2:14-17 for a striking identification of the handwriting of ordinances! Part of
this law said that a lamb or other animal must be sacrificed when man confessed
his sins. We find this law in effect very soon after sin entered.
God commanded Cain and Abel to offer a lamb as a sacrifice.
The sacrifice system,
added because of transgression, continued until the promised seed should come.
When John the Baptist saw Jesus coming down to the water where he was preaching,
he announced the fulfillment of all these ceremonies which pointed forward to
Christ. He said, "Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sins
of the world." When Christ died on Calvary He cried, "It is
finished" and an unseen hand tore the veil in the temple from top to
bottom. Matt. 27:50,51.
This veil separated the
holy from the "most holy" place in the temple. Only the high
priest could go into this most holy place, and then only once a year on the day
of atonement. The rending of the veil indicated that these things all
pointed forward to the true sacrifice of Christ on the cross, and that at the
time of his death the most holy place came to an end of its usefulness.
We read in Daniel 9:26,
27, "And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not
for himself . . . And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one
week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and oblation to
However much of Daniel's
book might be difficult for the average reader to understand, this much is
beyond cavil, that Messiah was to be cut off, but not for himself, and that he
was to cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease.
The apostle Paul
enunciates the same truth in Col. 2:11, 16, 17.
out the handwriting of ordinances, which was against us, which was contrary to
us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross . . . Let no man
therefore judge you in meat (offerings) or in drink (offerings) or in respect of
an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days WHICH ARE A SHADOW OF
THINGS TO COME, but the body is of Christ.
Notice carefully the
are the feasts of the Lord which ye shall claim to be holy convocations, to
offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord, a burnt offering, and a meat
offering, a sacrifice, and drink offerings, everything upon his day: BESIDE THE
SABBATHS OF THE LORD, and beside your gifts, and beside all your vows, and
beside all your freewill offerings, which ye give unto the Lord. Lev.
Compare this verse 37 with
Col. 2:16, and we find it quoted almost word for word. Here the book of
Leviticus mentions these things BESIDE the sabbaths of the Lord and offerings as
if they are two separate commands! We find the type of sabbath which will
be feasts illustrated in the next verse, Lev. 23:39 --
in the 15th day of the seventh month when ye
have gathered in the fruit of the land, ye shall keep
a feast unto the Lord seven days: on the first day
shall be A SABBATH, and on the eighth day shall
be a SABBATH.
Mr. Frost's contention
that holyday represents yearly, new moon represents monthly, and sabbath days
represents the weekly sabbath, is partially true but not all true. Note
Leviticus 25:8. "And thou shalt number seven sabbaths of YEARS unto
thee, seven times seven years, and the space of the seven sabbaths of years
shall be unto thee forty and nine years." Far, far from the word
"Sabbaths" referring only to the weekly rest day, we find it here
referring to SEVEN YEAR PERIODS! Which means that Mr. Frost's contention
that the weekly sabbath is pointed out in Col. 2:14-17 is based on a faulty
premise and cannot be true. Also, I would like to ask my opponent what
future event the weekly sabbath is a shadow of, if it is a shadow of thing to
This ceremonial system was
filled with many sabbaths and holy days which came on monthly dates, and
commemorated feasts and ceremonies which pointed forward to Christ. Many
types of food and drink offerings were included in the ceremonial system.
That "Let no man therefore judge you in meat or in drink" applies only
to these things which were shadows of things to come, is proven by the fact that
the Apostolic council warned us against Blood and things strangled, and that
Paul states that a drunkard shall not enter the kingdom of heaven.
The ten commandment law
cannot be confused with this handwriting of ordinances. They are two
separate and distinct laws. Note the following comparison:
For the law made nothing perfect.
Mr. Frost has tempted me
to use valuable space to repeat a comparison of the moral and ceremonial laws,
by accusing me of abandoning this line of argument. I have fallen for this
seduction in the hope that a second look at the truth might help to clear the
cobwebs of confusion from his mind. He makes a cavil as to the number of
laws in existence. There are certainly more than two. The civil law
of Israel would make a third. The purpose of this comparison is to
indicate that Paul MUST be talking about at least two different laws or else he
clearly contradicts himself. If he is then we cannot take what he says
about one law and apply it to the other one.
Seeking to add confusion
to the plain truth about the covenants, Mr. Frost raises a question as to how
many covenants there are in the Bible. He states with great assurance that
Adventists maintain that there are three. Well there are three, but there
are also more than three. Even a most superficial reading of the Bible
indicates many covenants.
A few are God's covenant
with Noah, that he would not destroy the earth with a flood. His covenant
with Abraham, that in his seed would all nations of the earth be blessed.
His covenant with Israel at Mount Sinai, his covenant with David that the rulers
on the throne would be of his seed until Messiah should come.
Friend Frost also wastes
space on "Smith's" rule that things in the Bible which we are to
follow should be specifically pointed out. He wants chapter and verse for
this which any child should know without being told. But if it will help
any, how about Deut. 29:29? "The secret things belong unto the Lord
our God, but the THINGS WHICH ARE REVEALED belong to us and to our children
The comparison presented
by my opponent as regards the laws of England, and the United States is
irrelevant, and makes no point at all. Mr. Frost states that, "When
we broke relationship with that country, we severed responsibility to her
There is no indication in
Scripture of this type of break with the true Jews, or with the ten
commandments. Paul tells us, "If ye are Christ's, then are ye
Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise."
Rev. 3:9 states that those
who say they are Jews but are not, will have to kneel before the feet of the
members of the Christian Philadelphian church. Paul tells us that the new
covenant will be made with the "House of Israel." Heb. 8:8-10
Is not cutting ourselves off from the house of Israel and from God's ten
commandment law, cutting us off also from the benefits of the new covenant
promises? Paul in Rom. 11 presents the Gentiles as being grafted into the
Israelite tree. And in verse 21, we have this warning, "For if God
spared not the natural branches, take heed lest he also spare not thee."
And they also if they abide not still in unbelief, shall be gaffed in, for God
is able to graff them in again. For if THOU wert out of the olive tree
which is WILD BY NATURE, and wert GRAFFED contrary to nature into a GOOD OLIVE
TREE: How much more shall these WHICH BE THE NATURAL BRANCHES be graffed into
their own olive tree?
For I would not brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness IN PART is happened to Israel. UNTIL the fullness of the GENTILES be COME IN. And so all ISRAEL shall be saved, as it is written, There shall come out of ZION the deliverer and shall turn away ungodliness from JACOB. For THIS IS MY COVENANT unto them WHEN I shall TAKE AWAY THEIR SINS. Rom. 11:23-27.
God's covenant is an
everlasting covenant. Heb. 13:20. He tells us in Ps. 89:34, "My
covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my
lips." It is impossible for God to lie. Heb. 6:18. God
confirmed his covenant by an oath. Heb. 6:13, 17.
In verse 13 we are told
that God sware unto Abraham. In making his covenant with Abraham, we read
that the Lord and Abraham each passed between the cut carcasses of animals in
confirming the oath. This was a custom of those times to indicate that the
person making it would die before he should change or break the covenant.
Surely in all these texts
there is sufficient evidence for anyone, that God did not and will not change or
abolish HIS covenant. Now WHOSE COVENANT is it that has been abolished?
"But now hath he
obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a
better covenant, which was established upon BETTER PROMISES." Heb.
8:6. Whose promises were at fault? The covenant was a contract or
agreement between God and Israel. Surely God's promises were not at fault.
It is impossible for God to lie.
Then whose promises WERE
at fault? Israel's of course. And we read this in verse 8 of the
same chapter. "For finding fault with THEM he saith, behold the days
come saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the HOUSE OF ISRAEL
and with the HOUSE OF JUDAH."
What was this promise
which the Jews failed to keep which necessitated the drawing up of a new
contract or covenant?
he (Moses) took the book of the covenant, and read in the audience of the
people: and THEY SAID, ALL THAT THE LORD HATH SAID WILL WE DO AND BE OBEDIENT.
And Moses took the blood, and sprinkled it upon the people, and said,
"Behold the BLOOD OF THE COVENANT, which the LORD hath made with YOU
concerning all these words. Exodus 24:7, 8.
Now, which are the BETTER
PROMISES upon which the new covenant is based?
this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days,
saith the Lord: I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their
hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people.
The fault of the old
covenant is that it was based upon the people's promises. The contract
became of no effect, when they broke them. "Because they continued
not in my covenant, and I regarded them not saith the Lord." Heb.
8:9. Last Part.
God has never changed His
part of the agreement. He merely wishes the people to enter into covenant
relationship with him again. And this time, instead of being based upon
the people's promises to keep his law, it will be based upon his promise to
write it in our hearts. He will enter into this covenant with us as soon
as he forgives our sins. Rom. 11:27. Herein we will find perfection
the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great
shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the EVERLASTING COVENANT, make you
perfect in every good work to do his will . . . Heb. 13:20, 21.
Every one that has ever
been saved, Old Testament or New, has been saved under the NEW COVENANT
provisions. We read about the old in Heb. 8:7 and 7:19 indicating that it
had faults, and that it made nothing perfect. The new covenant was also
recorded in the Old Testament. See Jeremiah 31:31-33.
Those saved in Old
Testament times were saved by FAITH. Read the 11th chapter of Hebrews.
David the Psalmist was saved by GRACE. Read Rom. 4:6 also 4:13,
the promise that he should be the heir of the world, was NOT to Abraham or to
his seed THROUGH THE LAW, but through the righteousness of FAITH!
Jesus said, "Search
the Scriptures (What Scriptures? New Testament was not yet written) and
they which testify of me." John 5:39. Also in Luke 24:44-48
Jesus mentions things in the Old Testament which were written concerning him.
Acts 8:34-37: Philip preached from Old Testament scriptures (Isa. 53) to the
eunuch, and then baptized him.
Let me ask, where do our
anti-sabbatarian friends go for doctrine? 2 Tim. 2:15-17 says that ALL
Scripture is profitable for DOCTRINE. While referring specifically to Old
Testament Scriptures (See verse 15) Paul in verse 16 dogmatically includes all.
He doesn't say for ensamples only he says for DOCTRINE.
It is that spirit of
antichrist which will, "Seek to change times and the law." Dan.
7:25. Shall we not return to the pure faith once given to the saints, and
have the Bible and the Bible only as our rule of faith and practice?
Argument often does not
help us as we seek to learn new truths because of the spirit of strife that is
so easily engendered. But
I would plead with my brethren of all anti-sabbath persuasions
to examine this and all other evidence on the topic prayerfully.
Be willing to do His will no matter what it might be, or what inconvenience it might cause, and in the end you will understand
it the way Christ would have you, for "If any man will do his will,
he shall know of the doctrine . . ." John 7:17.
[ * See Correspondence below. ]
I rejoice to have this discussion continue. My good opponent has had over seven months in which to prepare his second affirmative article and to deal with my first reply. I am happy that he has had time to consult the ablest supporters of Adventism and to otherwise thoroughly inform himself of the Adventist cause, in that when this discussion is completed it cannot be said that this effort does not fully represent Adventist doctrine. Therefore, the weakness of his effort does not reflect on his ability or preparation, but lies in the falsity of the proposition that he affirms.
With all the time at his
command, I regret that he should overlook much of my reply and continue his
affirmative in many instances as if I had never spoken.
Nevertheless, I shall take
up his arguments and examine them.
David Smith endeavored in
his first affirmative to prove that all of the Old Testament is binding as part
of the New unless "specifically pointed out." In his second
affirmative article he tries again to establish this rule, for he says that Old
Testament quotes "serve to indicate that the Old Testament law was
considered binding by New Testament writers." I just wonder if he'll
accept his own statement. If all of the Old Testament quoted in the
new establishes the authority of the same in the New Testament, then he will
have what he calls the "ceremonial law" as New Testament authority.
My friend is in hopeless contradiction with himself. Anyway, I answered
this argument, saying,
opponent, knowing that the sabbath is nowhere commanded under the new covenant,
must resort to the old. But this does him no good, affirming it is binding
on Christians under the new covenant, unless he can prove that the old law is
the new law or part thereof. This he makes a feeble attempt to do.
However, all that is necessary to refute his assumption is to prove that the old
law is done away.
I then presented
conclusive arguments that the Old Testament has been done away, to which Mr.
Smith has made no reply. These arguments remain untouched and stand as a
barrier against Adventism.
My friend assumes that all
of the Old Testament is the New Testament "unless specifically pointed
out" as not being in the New. He is evidently confused by the
adjectives "old" and "new." Ask him for a New
Testament command and he runs to the Old and cries, ''That's new !''
Assumptions will not do. So I asked David Smith for his "rule"
that everything is IN except what is pointed OUT. He gives us Deuteronomy
29:29: "The secret things belong unto the Lord our God, but the things
which are revealed belong to us and to our children forever.'' Since his
''rule'' is not a REVEALED thing (that is, not in God's Word) it must be one of
the SECRET things of God. Well, it is no longer a secret -- Smith
has told it. I am wondering, "How did you discover this secret rule
of God, Mr. Smith?" This sort of thing has every indication that the
Adventists have a new prophet! First, Ellen White, the celebrated prophet
of Adventism, "entered" heaven and received her sabbath message.
Now, David Smith has learned a SECRET thing of God. "Did you 'enter'
heaven to learn this 'rule,' Mr. Smith?" This is most interesting.
Tell us more.
With reference to Hebrews
8, my opponent begs that it is the same Old Testament law, the same ten
commandments and all, given at Sinai, but given differently is all. His
point is that the covenant is the same, just given differently.
Throughout, he denies that anything is "new" about the covenant.
Well, let's see about that. Mr. Smith in his quotation jumped from verse 8
to verse 10. Let us supply the missing ninth verse that completely upsets
his argument: "I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with
the house of Judah: NOT according to the covenant that I made with their fathers
in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of
Egypt." God said that this new covenant is NOT according to the
Sinaitic covenant. David Smith says that it is the same one! Who is
right about the matter, God or Smith? (Rom. 3:4) Toward the last of his
article, he argues that God's covenant is not new, only their agreement is new.
But we notice in verse 9 which Mr. Smith overlooked that God did not
refer to their agreement which they made with him, but to the covenant which He
made with them. It was the covenant that God made that was done away.
In Exodus 19:5. God said: "If ye will ... keep my covenant."
He did not say, "If you will keep your agreement." God said that
they broke his covenant, not just their agreement. (Heb. 8:9) So it
is a "new covenant" that God has given, not merely a new agreement.
Now what was this covenant God made? Deuteronomy 4:13 says that the Lord
"declared unto you his covenant, which he commanded you to perform, even
ten commandments: and he wrote them upon tables of stone." This
covenant, even the ten commandments written upon tables of stone, Israel broke
and God took away. (Heb. 8, 2 Cor. 3:7-11) Hebrews 8 stands in spite
of my opponent's attempt to remove it. It stands an impassable barrier to
My friend Smith gets all
excited when I speak of a ''new'' law. Adventists have been under the
impression that without the old Mosaic law there can be no "law and
order." But they are wrong about that, too.
As I have pointed out,
some disciples were of Judaistic tendency, as my friend Smith is, and desired to
be "under the law." This matter came to the attention of the
apostles and brethren and was discussed. Peter said, "Now therefore
why tempt ye God, to put a yoke upon the neck of the disciples, which neither
our fathers nor we were able to bear?" The brethren concluded,
"Forasmuch as we have heard, that certain which went out from us have
troubled you with words, subverting your souls, saying, Ye must be circumcised,
and keep the law: to whom we gave no such commandment." (Acts 15:10,
24) The law was a law of bondage. (Gal. 4:24) The law was
nailed to the cross: therefore, we are freed from bondage. Col. 2:14)
Now notice: "Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made
us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage." (Gal.
5:1) Those that were under the law were judged by the law of bondage.
(Rom. 2:12) But we are not judged by the law of bondage, it having been
nailed to the cross, but by the words of Christ, the law of liberty. (John
12:48, James 2:12)
Adventists ask the
question: "Are we free to commit crime since the cross?" Of
course not. Now get it:
if the words spoken by angels was steadfast, and every transgression and
disobedience received a just recompense of reward; how shall we escape if we
neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord,
and was confirmed unto us by them that heard him. (Heb. 2:1-3)
The law has served its
purpose. (Gal. 3:17-25) Christ has come, given us the words of life,
died upon the cross, and fulfilled the law. Now we are directed in all our
worship by the New Testament. (Heb. 8:6-13)
My arguments still stand
David Smith cannot
understand how that a law given amid heaven's thunder and smoke" could be
done away or how a better law with better promises could be given. The
Bible was given to instruct men just like my friend Smith. Hear the Word
we are not come unto the mount that might be touched, and that burned with fire,
nor unto blackness, and darkness, and tempest, and the sound of a trumpet, and
the voice of words; which voice they that heard intreated that the word should
not be spoken to them any more: (For they could not endure that which was
commanded, and if so much as a beast touch the mountain, it shall be stoned, or
thrust through with a dart: and so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, I
exceedingly fear and quake:) but ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city
of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of
angels, to the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written
in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made
perfect, and to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of
sprinkling, that speaketh better things than that of Abel. See that ye
refuse not him that speaketh. For if they escaped not who refused him that
spake on earth, much more shall not we escape, if we turn away from him that
speaketh from heaven. (Heb. 12:18-25. Compare Isa. 2:3)
Let me answer Mr. Smith's
question in particular. "So WHERE is the 'new law' given . . .?"
In the new covenant: that was revealed to and reported by the apostles as
written and practiced in the New Testament. (1 Pet. 1:12, John 16:13, Eph.
3:3, Jude 3)
David Smith says that the
will "had to be made BEFORE" death. How much before? Can a
man 's will be made before he is born? Yet, Adventists would have the old
Testament, given 1500 years before, the "will" of Christ.
Please, Mr. Smith, notice Hebrews 2 which thus far you have ignored: "which
at the first began to be spoken by the Lord." The will of Christ was
at the first spoken, and after his death went into effect being "confirmed
unto us by them that heard him." (1 Pet. 1:12, Luke 24:48)
Again I will ask Mr. Smith Where is the New Testament command
for a Christian to keep the sabbath?" Find it anywhere in the will
of Christ. It is not there -- "Oh, but it is in the Old
Testament." We are not under the OLD. Where is the command in
the NEW? It is not there -- the Adventist church is not there --
Adventist doctrine is not there!
Noticing the statement,
"Christ's will was confirmed and went into effect at the time of his death.
To add anything to it later would be forgery of the basest sort." I
ask, Are the writings of the apostles a part of the New Testament? Are
they guilty of forgery? Do they speak the truth? Take hold of these
questions and answer them in the light of your argument.
I do not know what David
Smith could mean by "Sunday-keeping." If he means worshipping,
such as taking of the Lord's Supper, on Sunday, then he is far from correct in
his statement concerning it. He, himself, gives the reference and affirms
the fact of Acts 20:7. Throughout this discussion we have had Smith versus
the Bible, and now we have Smith versus Smith ! His terminology ''sabbath-breaking''
is improper for how can one "break" an observance no where commanded?
While on the subject, let me ask, how is one supposed to ''keep'' the sabbath,
Smith refers to Genesis 2.
I have already answered his assumption. As if I had never spoken, he
continues, "If there had been no law there could have been no sin."
So, he assumes that there must have been ten in the beginning.
Every time law is mentioned, except where it says it is "done away,"
Smith assumes it means the ten commandments. Tell us, Mr. Smith,
the stated command that Adam broke whereby he should die. (Gen. 2:16-17)
And answer this, If man breaks any stated command of God other than the
decalogue, is he guilty, or only if he breaks the ten?
Now we pass to the sabbath
and the Gentiles. I made the argument that whatever the law says, it says
to them that are under the law. The law was given to the children of
Israel and not to the Gentiles. (1 Kings 8:21, Rom. 2:14)
Therefore, the Gentiles as such are not bound to the law or to observe the
sabbath. Without noticing my argument, Smith advances Isa. 56:2-7 in the
affirmative. Let him tell us why the Gentiles are called
"strangers" and he'll answer his own argument.
"Strangers" to what? Those that embraced the Mosaic covenant,
that is, became proselytes, of course were obligated to keep the law they were
under. Where is the command for a Gentile as such to keep the sabbath?
As for Acts 13, 17, and 18 being examples of Gentiles observing the sabbath in
the New Testament, "Mr. Smith, have you ever preached on Sunday? Did
this make you and your audience 'Sunday-keepers'?''
On Col. 2:14-16 my
arguments stand untouched. I am waiting for Mr. Smith to answer the
questions I asked in my first article. He will have enough of Col. 2
before this discussion is concluded.
Next my opponent tries to
establish three laws at Sinai: moral, ceremonial, and civil. He presents a
chart that he supposes does just that. Nevertheless, charts cannot replace
scripture. I answered his chart in the newspaper and it remains untouched.
But we'll look at it again. In the newspaper he tried to establish
"two laws" at Sinai: a "moral law" which he also calls the
"law of God," and a "ceremonial law" which he also calls
"handwriting of ordinances." He makes a distinction that God
does not make. Smith speaks of the "Law of God" in contrast to
the "Ceremonial Law" which they (Adventists) sometimes call the
"Law of Moses." But notice. The Bible teaches that they
are one and the same law, and uses the expressions interchangeably.
Ezra went up from Babylon. And he was a ready scribe in the LAW OF MOSES .
. . Ezra the priest, a scribe of the LAW OF GOD. (Ezra 7:6, 12)
The Bible teaches that God
gave the law of Moses, and that Moses gave the law of God, that is, the whole
law given by Moses was by God's authority.
Ezra went up from Babylon. And he was a ready scribe in the LAW OF MOSES
which the LORD GOD OF ISRAEL HAD GIVEN. (Ezra 7:6)
the priest found a book of the LAW OF THE LORD GIVEN BY MOSES. (2 Chron.
Of course, this was in the
newspaper. Why hasn't David Smith tried to remove this barrier to his
theory? He is afraid to take hold of it. His assumption that
"two" or "three" laws given at Sinai is in vain. I
have asked for the scripture and have received nothing but silence. The
apostle Paul states in Gal. 4 that there was only "ONE covenant"
from Sinai, the law. Mr. Smith says there were "three." He
accuses me of adding ''confusion to the plain truth." Now look who is
adding confusion -- let the Adventists clear it up for us. I said
that Adventists teach that "two" laws were given at Sinai. Mr.
Smith clears this up and says, not two, but THREE! Now I see. It is
not a bit confusing to see that when Paul said ONE at Sinai, he meant THREE!
See how Adventists clear away the ''confusion''?
I want my opponent to
clear this up for us. Where does he read of "two, or THREE" laws
at Sinai? We read nothing of a ''moral law,'' and nothing of a
''ceremonial law"; yet, these expressions are a large part of the Adventist
vocabulary. Moses spoke only of "the law"; the prophets spoke
only of "the law"; the Lord spoke only of "the law"; Paul
spoke only of "the law"; "the law" is found fifty-one times
in the book of Romans, twenty-nine times in the book of Galatians, but "the
laws" not once in all the Bible!
We have noticed that our
champion of Adventism assumes the major premise in almost every point
he undertakes. I am ready to ask, do the Adventists know that
their assumptions are infallibly correct? Did not their leaders think
themselves correct when predicting the coming of Christ in 1843 and again in
1844? Yes, but they failed both times. Is there any assurance that
their assumptions now are any more correct than they were then? For this
reason, I will not accept assumptions, but demand of Mr. Smith scripture for all
that he advances. He talks of a "ceremonial law,'' of a ''moral
law,'' of "laws'' at Sinai, et cetera. Just to assume will
not be sufficient in this discussion, but ''if any man speak, let him speak as
the oracles of God." (1 Pet. 4:11) In the New Testament we have
''preach the gospel'' fifty times, "preach Christ" twenty-three times,
"preach the word" seventeen times, "preach the kingdom"
eight times, but "preach the law" or "preach the sabbath"
not once! Adventists are constantly preaching the sabbath, while Paul in
all his epistles mentions it but once, Col. 2:16, and then condemns it!
To focus this discussion
early, I am asking Mr. Smith, how much did "the law" contain?
. . . When the word is used with the article,
and without any words of limitation, it refers . . . nine cases out of ten to the Mosaic law, or the Pentateuch.
( Smith's Bible Dictionary )
Take a few examples:
1 Cor. 14:34: Women ''are commanded to be under obedience, as also sayeth the
law." Where does it say it? Genesis 3:16. So Genesis is
in the law. Again, Rom. 7:7: ''The law had said, Thou shalt not
covet." This refers to Exodus 20:17. So Exodus is in the law.
Again, Matt. 12:5: ''Have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath
days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless?"
Where is this found? In Numbers 28:9. So Numbers is in the
law. Again, Matt. 22:36: "Master, which is the great commandment in
the law?" Jesus quotes from Deuteronomy 6:5 and Leviticus
19:18. So Deuteronomy and Leviticus are in the law. Hence, the law
equals the five books of Moses, or the Pentateuch.
We are not under the law.
(Rom. 6:14 and Gal. 5:18) "Christ is become of no effect unto you,
whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace."
One cannot keep a part of the law without becoming "a debtor to do the
whole law." (Gal. 5:1-4)
With reference to Smith's
argument on Gal. 3:29, I refer him to my argument on the entire chapter.
Will he accept all the
chapter (including verse 27)? If only he would give some attention to my
arguments. Silence has proved to be the way in which David Smith
"answers all doctrinal charges."
To what covenant does
Psalms 89:34 refer? (See verse 35 and compare with Acts 2:29-36) How
well 2 Tim. 2:15 applies just here: "Study to show thyself approved unto
God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of
truth." Smith refers to the covenant made with Abraham. This
covenant is not the Mosaic covenant. The Mosaic covenant ''was added''
until the promise to Abraham should be fulfilled. (If Mr. Smith had just
read my first article, he would have known this.)
Next, my opponent refers
to the conversion of the eunuch. He thinks that any time one preaches from
the Old Testament that he accepts and is under the Old Law. He made this
argument in his first article I have replied. Let him consider it.
The conversion of the
eunuch poses some interesting observations. Throughout the Word reference
is made to the prophets for they testified of Jesus, being evidence that He was
the Messiah. Smith goes to the Old Testament for authority; the disciples
went in order to preach Jesus. The Old is not for "eternal life"
but for testimony. The Jews were like my Adventist friends.
"Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they
are they which testify of me." Now let's see how Phillip used the Old
Testament scriptures. Did he begin in Isaiah 53 and conclude pointing out
the merits of the Old Law, proclaiming the sabbath, as an Adventist would have
done? No. He "began at the same scripture, and preached unto
him Jesus." He did not preach the merits of the Old, but about the
author of the New! David Smith would have us believe that the eunuch was
converted by the law. I ask my friend, Was the eunuch justified by the
law? Did Philip preach the law that "brought us to'' Jesus, or did he
preach ''Jesus''? Why did the eunuch desire to be baptized?
David Smith, in his
attempt to establish the sabbath in the beginning, runs headlong into Nehemiah
9:l3-l4. "Thou camest down also upon mount Sinai . . . and madest
known unto them thy holy sabbath." In his desperation, Smith
presents Ezek. 20:5 to offset Neh. 9: "and made myself known unto them in
the land of Egypt." So, Smith asks, "Does that mean that before
he made Himself known to the Hebrews in the land of Egypt God had no
existence?" No, for we read that "In the beginning God . .
." (Gen. 1:1) Now for a parallel, my friend must find the
scripture that the ''sabbath was in the beginning,'' but he can't because Jesus
said that man was made and later the sabbath. (Mark 2:27) I have
shown conclusively when. So, he has no parallel. My friend is guilty
of "begging'' the question he attempts to ''prove.'' Now, will Mr.
Smith tell us whether or not the sabbath was ''known'' to the ''children of
Israel'' before Sinai, before it was "made known" in the covenant
written on tables of stone which covenant was not made before? (Neh.
9:13-14, Deut. 5: 2-22) The truth remains that the sabbath was given for a
sign between God and Israel. (Ex. 31:13, 17) It was not made known
before Sinai. If so, to whom? Book, chapter and verse?
I have followed Mr.
Smith's article throughout. If anything has been overlooked, I shall be
happy to take it up if he will bring it to my attention. Now to consider
some things more.
The Spirit guided the
apostles into "all truth." (John 15:13) It has been
delivered once for all. (Jude 3) Paul says that if anyone preaches
any other gospel than this truth which is already delivered "let him be
accursed." (Gal. 1:8-9) If the proposition that Christians are
to keep the sabbath is truth, then we ought to find it in the gospel that the
apostles preached. If not, a perverted gospel is preached and the
preacher stands under condemnation. Now, wherein the gospel that Paul
preached is the command for a Christian to keep the sabbath? Nowhere.
Then, what about those that teach it? They teach not the truth and are
condemned, per Galatians 1. Where do the Adventists get this doctrine that
is nowhere preached in the "gospel"? From their
"prophet," Ellen G. White. When? After "the
faith" was delivered once for all. (Rom. 14:23) Notice my
opponent's statement concerning Christ's will: "To add anything to it later
would be forgery of the basest sort." Adventist doctrine, therefore,
is not of the faith, truth, or gospel, but is a doctrine that was delivered too
late, and, therefore, by a false prophet, David Smith in agreement.
"Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of
God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world." (1
I have shown that we
"are not under the law," "become dead to the law,"
"delivered from the law," and that "Christ is the end of the
law." (Rom. 6:14, Gal. 5:18, Rom. 7:4, 6, 10:4, Eph. 2:15) Mr.
Smith has not replied to it. Notice that this says "the law."
Adventists attempt to make the ''agreement'' and ''the law" two distinct
things. They claim that we are delivered from the "agreement"
but not from "the law." So notice now that we are delivered from
"the law." Which shall we believe, Adventism or the Bible?
In the New Testament there
is neither teaching nor example for Christians to keep the sabbath. Rather
we find that the disciples worshipped (not as a sabbath) on the first day of the
week as my good opponent has conceded on Acts 20:7. (Acts 2:42)
What is the greatest
commandment in the law? Jesus said, ''Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all
thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. This is the first
and great commandment.'' This commandment of the law is found in
Deuteronomy 6:5. "And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy
neighbor as thyself.'' This reference is to Leviticus 19:18. The
greatest commandments of the law are not even in the decalogue. ''On these
two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.'' (Matthew 22:37-40)
All the law hangs on the greatest commandments which are found, according to the
Adventists, in what they call the "ceremonial law" that was done away.
Therefore Col. 2:14, "nailed to the cross" -- "all the
law" as of Matthew 22:40! "Therefore let no man pass judgment on
you in questions of . . . a sabbath." (Col. 2:16)
To the "$200
Text," 2 Cor. 3, David Smith has made no reply. That 2 Cor. 3 refers
to the ten commandments given at Sinai, Mr. Smith has already admitted.
Verse 11 proves that it "is done away." Mr. Smith was unable to
face the force of this text against his sabbath theory, so he has remained
silent. Since this is the text claiming the $200, I think he should deal
with it. His honesty and the integrity of the SDA church are at stake on
this text -- and David Smith has surrendered it.
I asked my disputant a
number of questions in my first article. Is he afraid of them? I
have asked a number in this reply. When he answers these questions he will
have the answer to his own assumptions. I am asking that he go back and
answer these questions in the light of the arguments he made. When he
chooses to take hold of the issue, this debate will get under way.
With the old law, the old
covenant, done away, where is my opponent's command for Christians to keep the
sabbath under the new covenant? I will continue to ask for the text
throughout this discussion. On this question pivots the entire discussion.
Adventism stands or falls by its ability to produce the text!
SMITH'S THIRD AFFIRMATIVE
Correspondence below. ]
Friend Frost is clever at finding difficulties which do not exist, by pretending to misunderstand my statements. This is the old ''straw man" technique. Build an imaginary fallacy out of something you pretend to see in the other man's argument: then mercilessly tear it to pieces. Such reasoning is fallacious, of course, but an old debater's trick.
A good example of this is
Mr. Frost's play on words regarding, "Things specifically pointed
out." Every Bible student follows this rule in the general intent
including Frost himself. If the good Book doesn't say it, we don't believe
it. But friend Frost a la the old straw man trick has wasted two
pages of his manuscript space trying to prove that Smith would establish a new
rule for Bible study.
Another favorite of
debaters who can't answer an argument, is to sneer at it as if it is unworthy of
notice, and then to say in a loud voice. "I DEMAND an answer to the
following questions!" This of course is an attempt to lead the minds
of his readers away from the argument he is afraid of, and transfer their
attention to his questions. I invite the reader to candidly examine
Frost's first and second negatives to see how many times he has employed this
trick. He even repeats questions already answered hoping they will be
answered two or three times while his opponent wastes valuable space. The
affirmative has asked very few questions, seeking not to take advantage in any
way, but evidently the opposition doesn't think questions important, as even
these few have not all been answered.
While this debate is
stated in the proposition to be on the Sabbath issue, friend Frost digresses to
introduce new topics. He seeks also to debate on whether Mrs. E. G. White
is a true prophet, and to poke fun at Wm. Miller's prophecies of the end of the
world. Evidently he cannot find sufficient material to support his
contentions by staying with the subject of the proposition, and in his
desperation must go far afield.
Frost's statement that
Seventh-day Adventists received the sabbath doctrine from Mrs. E. G. White is
false. I hope this false statement stems from ignorance rather than a
desire to deceive. The facts happen to be that the group who later were
called Seventh-day Adventists, learned the Sabbath truth from the Seventh-day
Baptists, who in turn, trace their origin to some of the Moravian and Waldensian
groups who had kept the sabbath since apostolic times.
Rachel Preston, a
Seventh-day Baptist, first introduced the sabbath idea among the Adventists.
Among the first of these to believe the sabbath binding on Christians under the
new covenant, was Joseph Bates, a retired sea captain. He and many others
believed and taught it before it was accepted by Mrs. White. The Bible
prophets did not have everything revealed to them at once, but learned God's
will a step at a time. You will recall that Peter and Paul were in sharp
disagreement at one time, and Peter was wrong -- and this after
Pentecost, too. And so it was with Mrs. White and the Sabbath. She
did not see it until after others had been teaching it for many months.
The statement that the end
of the world was predicted by Seventh-day Adventists is another false statement.
They were organized in 1860 and have never set a date for the end of the world.
They trace their ancestry through the ancient Christians of Europe to the times
of the apostles, and are calling the world to return to the original faith once
given to the saints. The organization in 1860 as a holy society dedicated
to the carrying of the gospel to all the world is in harmony with the
instruction of Matt. 28:18-20.
At the time of the first
expected end of the world in 1843 Mrs. White was still a young girl, who would
reach the age of 16 in November of that year. At the second disappointment
in November of '44 she had barely turned 17. Mrs. White (then Ellen
Harmon) made no claims as to receiving visions from heaven until after this
time. The Harmon family had been members of the METHODIST church until
1843. They were influenced by Wm. Miller's teaching, and were disappointed
when Christ did not come as expected. LATER when Mrs. White began to have
visions and to write and teach she taught and wrote extensively against date
setting, saying that no man knows the day or hour of Christ's return.
Wm. Miller, who predicted
the end of the world in 1843 and 1844 was in no sense a Seventh-day Adventist.
He rejected the teaching of Joseph Bates and others about the sabbath. Wm.
Miller died believing Sunday to be the only day of religions significance.
In this sense we might say he was a bit akin to Mr. Frost and his fellow
believers, BUT -- can we blame them -- or any other religious
group -- for HIS predictions about the end of the world?
It is disappointing that
friend Frost ignores and sneers at the plainest Bible texts, and resorts to
personal attacks and malignments and scurrilous statements instead. It
has made me feel that the debate wasn't worth continuing on that sort of a
basis. However he has cried so loud that the integrity of Adventism is at
stake, that I have decided to write this one more article.
Really it is difficult to
see that anything is at stake. No one is excited except Frost. And
why he should be is a matter of wonder unless it is because he is uncertain of
his own position. Grandly he wrote that before the last article I had
opportunity to consult the ablest leaders of Adventism, and 7 months for most
labored preparation. What makes him think his attacks are worthy of such
notice or concern, I do not know.
The writer of the
affirmative happens to be a busy person with many more things to do than preach
once or twice a week and argue with other ministers. In order to carry on
this debate in even as tardy a manner as I have done, I have had to hold back
work which I am far more interested in. I have articles waiting which were
started before this debate, and the editor of the religious magazine who
requested them is still waiting, while I spend time on this business. I
pray to God that it may be of some service somewhere, and that some honest
person may read all three of my articles supporting the sabbath prayerfully, not
taking what Frost tries to make me say in his attacks, but what is actually
stated in the context of the articles themselves.
In my second affirmative I
gave the New Testament regulations as to how a Christian should keep the Sabbath
now. In Frost's second negative he again asks this question.
Evidently here was at least two pages of my argument that he skipped reading.
Frost cries that his
"conclusive" arguments that the Old Testament has been done away have
not been replied to. He forgets among other things 2 Tim. 3:15-17.
He acknowledged it in his first negative with, "Smith makes a feeble
attempt with 2 Tim. 3:16.'' Well Smith may make a feeble attempt but 2
Tim. 3:16 is a MIGHTY text. It stands as an impassable barrier against the
teachings of Alexander Campbell and his followers.
Shall we not notice again
what it says? ALL SCRIPTURE is given by inspiration of God, and is
profitable for DOCTRINE . . . (Mr. Frost gets his doctrines from the New
Testament only) FOR REPROOF, for CORRECTION, for INSTRUCTION IN
RIGHTEOUSNESS." Do you, Mr. Frost, get any instruction in
righteousness from the Old Testament?
No, you don't. You
use it for "ensamples" for inspiration and information only. But
this isn't what the BIBLE SAYS you should do. WHEN WILL YOU START
FOLLOWING THE BIBLE?
Friend Frost feels that
Hebrews 8 is a barrier to Seventh-day Adventists. Let me enlighten him.
Not only is it not a barrier -- it is part of our doctrine. We
teach it and preach it. We find no barriers in the Bible: it is our
creedbook. We are not like other churches who have trouble with this text
or that one. We teach what the good Book SAYS even if it is inconvenient.
This is the reason why we are willing to be different from the rest of the world
and go to the inconvenience of observing the seventh day of the week, or
Saturday as the Sabbath.
And the reason other
ministers malign us and misrepresent us I sometimes think is because they are
afraid we might be right, and IT BOTHERS THEM.
I eliminated verse 9 of
Hebrews 8 in my former argument to save space, and not because I found anything
damaging in it. If we included every verse in the chapters we are
discussing this argument would take many volumes. But simply because I
skipped it Frost feels there must be something in it that I am afraid of, and
has seized upon it gleefully, boastfully hoping that somewhere in it is a
barrier to Adventism.
But where is it?
Certainly not in the phrase, "Not according to the covenant which I made
with their fathers, etc." This is simply a continuation of the
explanation in the foregoing verses, which state that a better covenant would be
made upon better promises and that God found fault with them, the Children of
Israel. This in no way effects my original contention that a covenant is
an agreement, and that the Lord sought to make a new covenant or agreement with
the children of Israel.
Frost continues to play on
said, "If ye will keep my covenant." He did not say, "If
you will keep your agreement."
This argument is
absolutely laughable. Has friend Frost never looked up the word
"covenant" in the dictionary? Mine says, "An agreement
entered into by two or more persons or parties: a compact."
God said, "My
covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my
lips." God keeps his agreements with people. But the people
broke theirs with God. "Finding fault with THEM he saith I will make
a new covenant with the house of Israel," etc. Verse 6 says Jesus is
the mediator of a better covenant established upon better PROMISES.
"promises" is the clue to the difference in the covenants according to
the Bible itself. The new one was to be established upon better promises.
Whose promises had to do with the old covenant? Ex. 24:7, "AND he
took the book of the COVENANT and read in the audience of the people: and they
said ALL THAT THE LORD HATH SAID WILL WE DO AND BE OBEDIENT. And Moses
took the blood and sprinkled it on the people, and said behold the blood of the
COVENANT WHICH THE LORD HATH MADE WITH YOU concerning THESE WORDS."
Here is the people's
promise and you know that they broke it. Now the Lord said the new
Covenant would be established upon BETTER PROMISES.
Who makes the promises of
the new covenant? Heb. 8:10 "For this is the covenant that I will
make with the house of Israel after those days SAITH THE LORD: I will put my
laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts, and I will be to them a
God, and they shall be to me a people."
The first covenant was on
the PEOPLE's promise. The second covenant is GOD'S promise. So it is
a better covenant based upon better promises as Heb. 8:6 says.
Friend Frost tells us that
the law was given for the Jews only, and that Gentiles were not bound to keep
the sabbath. Has he noticed Romans, chapters 3 and 4? Rom. 4:15
tells us that where no law is there is no transgression. And yet Rom. 3:9
tells us that both Jews and Gentiles are under sin, and verse 19 says, "Now
we know that what things soever the law sayeth it sayeth to them that are under
the law: that EVERY mouth may become stopped, and ALL THE WORLD MAY BECOME
GUILTY BEFORE GOD."
the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin but by the law:
for I had not known lust, except the law had said thou shalt not covet."
the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus
Christ our Lord.'' Rom. 6:23
Do we see now how the law
is our schoolmaster to bring us to Christ? Without it there would be no
sin, no death penalty, no need of a Savior. Everyone who admits that he
needs Jesus for salvation admits that the law is still binding. Everyone
who thinks sinners are lost admits that the law is still binding. The law
shows us that we are sinners under the death penalty, then we turn to Jesus for
the Salvation he offers.
Mr. Frost uses the terms
''old law'' and ''new law.'' Where does he find these in Scripture?
Is he not speaking where the Bible is silent?
Now for the question on
the greatest commandment in the law. Can it be that Mr. Frost does not
know that to love God with all our hearts is the summing up of the first four
commandments -- for these have to do with our duty to God -- and
loving our neighbor with all our hearts is the summing up of the last six?
On the last six we find this pointed out specifically in Rom. 13:8-10.
It has been asked which
commandment Adam broke. How about number eight, ''Thou shalt not steal?''
Gen. 2: 16, 17 God told Adam he could eat of all the other trees, but this
one was forbidden. He wasn't even to touch it.
How about also the sixth
commandment, ''Thou shalt not kill?'' God had said that they would die if
they should eat of this tree. By disobeying they brought death upon
themselves and the human race. Is not suicide -- even slow suicide --
a breaking of the sixth commandment?
How about the first
commandment which says, "Thou shalt have no other gods before me?"
Satan had told them to eat the fruit. God had said not to eat of it.
They obeyed Satan in preference to God. Was this not having other gods
So here we see 3 of the
commandments plainly transgressed by Adam and Eve. This is in harmony with
what Paul tells us in Rom. 5:13 "For until the law sin was in the world,
BUT SIN IS NOT IMPUTED WHEN THERE IS NO LAW." Verse 14 refers to
"Adam's transgression." Adam could not have had a transgression
if there were no law for, "Sin is the transgression of the law."
1 John 3:4.
Another question asked by
Frost is, "If man breaks any stated command of God other than the decalogue,
is he guilty, or only if he breaks the ten?"
One cannot break any other
stated command of God without breaking one of the ten. These ten rules
stated in the briefest form, cover the whole field of human conduct. It is
not just the bare latter (sic) of the law that we are to keep, but the spirit of
it. Jesus indicated this in his sermon on the mount. As in the
seventh commandment, he said even one who should look upon a woman lustfully
commits adultery in his heart. As to the 6th against murder, he said even
he that hateth his brother is a murderer. The prohibitions against
swearing did not just include use of God's name as such. "Swear not
by the heaven for it is God's throne, neither by the earth for it is his
footstool." Matt. 5:34, 35.
Eating too much or
otherwise abusing one's stomach might be the breaking of the first commandment
according to Paul in Phil. 3:19, "Whose god is their belly."
Sometimes we break more than one commandment at a time as Prov. 30:9 states.
"Lest I be poor and steal, and take the name of my God in vain."
Surely a person who calls himself a Christian and then steals, is taking God's
name in vain. Jas. 2:10 tells us that if we break one commandment we break
And how could one hold
back in tithes and offerings without being guilty of breaking commandment number
8? Mal. 3:8 "Will a man rob God? Yet ye have robbed me.
But ye say, wherein have we robbed thee? In tithes and offerings."
How could we disobey any
command of God without breaking commandment number 1? Would we not be
having other gods before him, even if that god was our own self-will?
Could that not be a god as easily as our stomach as Paul mentions in Phil. 3:19?
Mr. Frost asks for the
command for the Gentiles to keep the Sabbath. He got it. Isa.
56:2-7. He makes a quibble about the word "strangers" but admits
it is used of Gentiles. Enough said. He got his text.
Mr. Frost complains that
his argument on Col. 2:14-17 remains untouched. I didn't know he had an
argument. The things I said about this text still stand, too. Go
back and read them in affirmatives one and two. Perhaps friend Frost
thinks he had something where he wrote in, "Holydays (yearly) or of the new
moon (monthly) or of the sabbath days (weekly)." But this is
interpolation. Would he add to the sacred words of Scripture and risk the
plagues of Rev. 22:18? Actually as all Bible students know the yearly,
monthly, and weekly feasts were all called "Sabbaths.'' The day of
atonement (yearly) was a Sabbath. Lev. 23:23-32.
Friend Frost is aghast
because I refer to the civil, ceremonial, and moral laws. It is too bad
that he hasn't an analytical enough mind to notice this. He informs me
that the Pentateuch is referred to as the law. Correct!
Sometimes even more than the Five books of Moses is referred to as the law.
Note where Jesus says, "Is it not written in your law, I said ye are
gods?'' Here he quotes from Psalm 82:6, which would also include Psalms in
the law. The whole Old Testament is referred to as the law and the
But there are also many
laws in the law which is the five books of Moses. Note this statement,
"And the Lord said unto Moses, How long refuse ye to keep my commandments
and my LAWS?" (plural) Well, do I have Bible for it, or don't I?
Oh yes, another question
on Col. 2:16. Mr. Frost wishes to know the significance of the word
"days" in italics. The text should read literally according to
Robertson, the great Greek scholar, "Or of sabbaths."
That these things
mentioned in Col. 2:14-17 are limited, I have already proven in former
arguments. It does not finish the sentence at the end of verse 16 but goes
on, "or of the Sabbath days which are a shadow of things to come."
The handwriting of ordinances having to do with all those things which were a
shadow of things to come were abolished.
They are still useful to
us to study as they are some of the proofs of the divinity of Christ. But
since they were no longer pointing forward at the time of his death, they came
to an end, and the vail in the temple was rent from top to bottom.
The ten commandments were
not shadows of things to come. They are simply a summing up of the law of
God's government. They indicate a situation which will always exist.
We will even keep the Sabbath in heaven according to Isa. 66:22, 23.
1 John 5:2, 3 tells us, By
this we know that we love the children of God, when we love God, and keep his
commandments. For this is the love of God that we keep his commandments,
and his commandments are not grievous."
The same text next shows
that this can only be done through faith in Christ. See verses 4 and 5.
Rev. 14:12 tells us,
"Here is the patience of the saints, here are they that keep the
commandments of God, and have the faith of Jesus."
2 Cor. 3 is mentioned
again, and this is the text with which friend Frost claims he has a right to the
$200. (However I wonder if he really thinks he has a claim to this money,
since he did not show his face at the meeting at which I advertised I would give
He states in his first
ministration of death, written and graven in stones was glorious."
What happened to it? Is done away.
The ministration of death
is done away WHENEVER the ministration of
the spirit, which is more glorious takes over. Here is the experience of
every Christian, his life before the new birth is compared to Old Testament
glory; the converted life to the glory of the gospel dispensation.
That Paul is using this to
refer to personal experience is indicated in verse 4, "And such trust have
WE through Christ to God-ward" and in verse 12, "Seeing then that we
have such hope we use great plainness of speech," and verse 18, "But
we all with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed
into the same image from glory to glory.
Do you see it? We
are changed from the lesser glory of condemnation to the greater glory of the
ministration of the spirit. It is not something back in history, it is
something that happens to us now. We ARE CHANGED (present tense) from
glory to glory.
Let me ask Mr. Frost where
in 2 Cor. 3 does it say that the ten commandments are abolished or done away?
Read it 100 times and see if you can find it. If it said that I not only
would hand over the $200, I would quit being a Seventh-day Adventist today.
It only indicates that the
ministration of death was to be done away. Let me ask has the ministration
of death been done away? People are still dying. It is done away by
promise when the ministration of the spirit takes over in our hearts.
WHEN is the ministration
of death done away once and for all?
"SO when this
corruptible shall have put on INCORRUPTION and this mortal shall have put on
IMMORTALITY, THEN shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is
swallowed up in victory." 1 Cor. 15:54.
Jesus said, "Think
not that I am come to destroy the law or the prophets, I am not come to destroy
but to fulfill.'' In this text the words destroy and fulfill are used in
contrast to one another as if they have opposite meanings. But some would
have us believe they mean the same thing, that when Christ fulfilled the law he
destroyed it, but He says, I am NOT come to destroy.
How is the law fulfilled?
By keeping it. But someone asks, can you prove that Jesus kept the law?
Yes I can. Note this, "If ye keep my commandments ye shall abide in
my love, even as I have kept my Father's commandments, and abide in His
love." John 15:10.
Is fulfilling the law
keeping the law? Note Rom. 13:8-10. Here Paul is listing some
commandments that have to do with our duty to our neighbor. Those against
killing, stealing, false witness, and coveting are mentioned in verse 9.
In verse 10 he says, love worketh no ill to his neighbor THEREFORE love is the
fulfilling of the law.
In other words if we love
our neighbor, we won't kill him, we won't run off with his wife, we won't steal
his money. If we love him we will fulfill the law. And Jesus said he
was not come to destroy the law but to fulfill it. That puts it in a new
light, doesn't it? (Matt. 5:17)
"And it is easier for
heaven and earth to pass, than one tittle of the law to fail.'' Luke 16:17.
Jesus expected that the
Sabbath would still be a Christian institution, to be enjoyed by his followers
40 years after his death. It was to be a blessing and not a burden.
"The sabbath was made for man and not man for the Sabbath." And
that the happiness of this day should not be marred by the terrors of war, he
advised his disciples in his prophecy of the destruction of Jerusalem,
"Pray ye that your flight be not in the winter, neither on the Sabbath
day.'' Matt. 24:20.
The city of Jerusalem was
not destroyed until 70 A.D. Some years ago a minister of another faith
argued that the gates would be locked on the Sabbath, and that this was the
reason for Christ's words. He quoted from Nehemiah, at whose insistence
the gates were locked for a time to hinder commercial traffic on the Sabbath.
There is nothing to
indicate that the gates were locked in Christ's time. We find He and the
disciples entering and leaving the city at will, but just to make certain, I
asked Rabbi David Cohen of Las Vegas if the Jews were imprisoned in the city,
and could not escape if an attack came on the Sabbath. He stated that this
was not the case, and that even if trade were forbidden, individuals would be
permitted to enter and leave the city.
So in Matt. 24:20 we have
evidence that the Sabbath should continue to be a day of meaning to Christians
40 years after his death.
In Luke 23:54-56 we have
an example of the Sabbath being observed by his followers after his death.
"And they returned and prepared spices and ointments, and rested the
Sabbath day according to the commandment."
In Heb. 4 we find a direct
command for Sabbath observance. It is not in verses 7 and 8 as some
believe. I have known people to start keeping the Sabbath because they
understood it to read, "for if Jesus had given them rest, then would he NOT
afterward have spoken of another day."
But of course this is
evidently not the intent of the text unless it has a double meaning. In
the Greek language, Jesus and Joshua are the same name, Joshua merely being the
Hebrew form. Most Bible scholars believe that it should read
"Joshua" here instead of "Jesus."
The children of Israel
entered the land of Canaan in Joshua's time, and they thought that they would
here find rest from their wanderings. But Paul says they did not find the
spiritual soul rest which they should have found. "Again he limiteth
a certain day, saying in David, Today, after so long a time; as it is said,
Today if ye will hear his voice harden not your hearts.
For if Joshua had given
them rest, then would he (David) not afterward have spoken of another day."
When did he do this? By saying "Today, if ye will hear his voice,
Now for the text which
DOES command Christians to observe the sabbath: Heb. 4:10, 11. For he that
is entered into His rest, he also hath ceased from his own works AS GOD DID FROM
HIS!" How did God cease from his? Verse 4 ''For he spake
in a certain place of the 7th day on this wise, AND GOD DID REST THE
SEVENTH DAY FROM ALL HIS WORKS."
Where is our definite
command? Heb. 4:11 "LET US LABOR THEREFORE TO ENTER INTO THAT
What rest? "For
he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works as God
did from his." Verse 10.
"If they believe not
Moses and the Prophets they WOULD not believe even though one rose from the
dead." Luke 16:31.
In view of the foregoing
texts, as well as the whole tenor of Scripture teaching, I must continue to
affirm that the seventh day of the week, or Saturday, is the Sabbath which is
binding upon Christians under the new covenant.
FROST'S THIRD NEGATIVE
I am most pleased that David Smith decided to reply to my second negative article so that we may continue our investigation into the claims made by that institution known as the Seventh-day Adventist Church. Mr. Smith has made a number of personal charges that deserve no reply -- my articles are my defense. I will let the reader decide whether I have gone after Mr. Smith personally or whether it is his doctrine that is suffering. If Mr. Smith feels hard hit when his doctrine is exposed, I have no apology to make. I refuse to be sidetracked from my task of exposing the fallaciousness of sabbatarianism by his complaints.
I am happy to note that my
opponent's services are in such demand by his brethren indicating that he is
certainly qualified to represent the Seventh-day Adventist Church in this
discussion. When this discussion is completed it cannot be said that the
weakness of my opponent's contention and that of the Seventh-day
Adventist Church is because of the man: the weakness is in the entire system.
As I say these things, I want Mr. Smith and all of my Adventist friends to know
that this investigation is prompted not by any hate but by love for souls.
Falsehoods will damn the soul: only truth can make one free. Because of
the false teachings propagated by this false institution which was established
by a false prophet, I have met the challenge of David Smith with the prayer that
the truth will lead him and all from the error of what is generally called
Mr. Smith made three
charges relative to this discussion in the opening paragraphs of his reply.
First, he accuses me of building a "straw man" in reference to his
rule. He begs that the "rule" in question is one that I follow.
I deny it. The rule in question is whether we are to follow all the Old
Testament except specific portions mentioned in the New as no longer binding.
The truth of the matter is that the Old Law was nailed to the cross, and under
the new covenant we are directed by what the Lord says do. We are not at
liberty to go beyond and add any of the old to the new. Mr. Smith's rule,
and I do not follow it, is that we are under all the old testament except for
parts specifically mentioned not to follow: "All Old Testament rules no
longer binding under the old covenant are specifically pointed out in the New
Testament." It is not enough that God said we are not under the law --
David Smith demands that God mention every part and specifically say that we are
not under this "part," nor this "part," nor this . . . et
cetera. This is David Smith's rule and it is not found in God's revealed
word. God doesn't have to name every part of the law abolished. When
He said the law is done away, that included all of its parts. Mr. Smith,
you ought to be ashamed of falsely accusing me of misrepresenting your position,
and then trying to ''saddle'' me with it! This is your position and if it
is a "straw man" set on fire, remember that you built it!
Second, I am accused of
asking questions to waste my friend's space. Such is not true. The
questions I have asked have been for the purpose of clarifying the position
taken by my opponent and to bring it into full view. The reason he objects
to these questions is because if he attempts to answer them the reader will see
the falsity of his arguments (as I will point out through this article).
My friend is afraid of these questions. If this is not the case, let him
try to answer them.
Thirdly, Mr. Smith thinks
I lack sufficient material to meet the Adventist theory of sabbatarianism and
accuses me of leaving the subject to debate whether Mrs. White was a true
prophet, et cetera. My friend, you are mistaken. I have a
Bible that's full of material to meet the attack of Adventism. It is true
that I would like to debate my friend on the propositions involving the
"calling" of Mrs. White and the "origin" of the Seventh-day
Adventist Church, but in another discussion. He may accept this notice as
an invitation to do just that. But I predict that he will have had enough
of defending Adventism before this present debate is finished. I have not
gone afield when I point out that the Adventists adopted the sabbath because of
Mrs. White. But it is Mr. Smith who takes up five paragraphs in defense of
the Seventh-day Adventists. I am prepared to point out that the
Seventh-day Adventist Church is of man and not of God if Mr. Smith will agree to
a discussion on this subject. In answer to Mr. Smith's present defense of
its origin, I will quote a Seventh-day Adventist in reply. Not only am I
misinformed according to David Smith but also "Elder A. T. Jones, Battle
Creek, Mich., U.S.A. (Seventh-day Adventist)" in the Popular and
Critical Bible Encyclopedia, Vol. 1, p. 62. Mr. Jones affirms that
Seventh-day Adventists are the same Adventists connected with the prophetic
failure of 1840-44.
speaking, the denomination of Seventh-day Adventists originated in 1845. A
large number who at that time, or shortly afterward, became Seventh-day
Adventists were formerly Adventists. They had been actively connected with
the great Advent movement of 1840-44.
Mr. Smith is wrong on his
facts about the Baptists, too. But all of these things we can straighten
out in the discussion that I propose.
The first text that Mr.
Smith brings to our attention is 2 Tim. 3:15-17. He says that I
acknowledged the text in my first negative with, "Smith makes a feeble
attempt with 2 Tim. 3:16." Is that what I had to say about 2 Tim.
3:15-17 in my first negative? I suggest that we go back and read the first
negative. I did more than acknowledge -- and he hasn't replied to
what I did say except to "sneer" at what the Bible said! Where
does my friend get the Old Testament for New Testament authority? Not from
2 Tim. 3:15-17. It doesn't say one thing about "authority."
The word "doctrine" is from the Greek didaskalia and means,
"teaching, instruction ; teaching i.e., that which is taught,
doctrine." (Thayer's Greek-English Lexicon). Mr. Smith says,
"Mr. Frost gets his doctrine from the New Testament only." That
is not so! Why, I have taught my friend a lot from the Old Testament in
this discussion. If he had read my first negative a bit more carefully he
would have noticed that I said (about 2 Tim. 3:15-16), "Certainly, the Old
Testament is true and ought to be taught . . ." I teach the Old
Testament in just the way that Paul has instructed.
Next, my friend asks,
"Do you, Mr. Frost get any instruction in righteousness from the Old
Testament?" Yes, I do. Now, let me ask Mr. Smith a question
(and I'll let him answer it). Do you accept "ALL Scripture" for
the dogma and principles of the Seventh-day Adventist Church? Don't dodge
the question and make excuses, but tell us whether or not the Adventist church
accepts all scriptures -- including of course that which you call the
"ceremonial law" -- as the principles, belief, or dogma of the
Mr. Smith claims that 2
Tim. 3:16 "stands as an impassable barrier against the teachings of
Alexander Campbell and his followers.'' Maybe so, I can be no judge of
that since I have not read Mr. Campbell's teachings. He'll have to
confront the followers of the man to find out. Since he has mentioned this
before, I had better inform him that he is not debating a follower of Alexander
Campbell, but a follower of Jesus the Christ. And no doubt about this for
I wear His name in the name Christian as a member of the church of Christ.
I do not follow any man, nor a day, nor a theory about the Lord's advent.
Hence, I am not a ''Millerite, '' a ''Seventh-Day'' this or that, or an "Adventist."
I believe in doing as Peter instructs, "If any man speak, let him speak as
the oracles of God.'' (1 Pet. 4:11).
Next, my good friend takes
up Hebrews 8. Feeling the force of the ninth verse he tries to smooth it
over, but it still stands against his teaching. God said:
will make a new covenant . . . NOT according to the covenant that I made with
their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the
land of Egypt.
What was this covenant?
Mr. Smith thinks it only the agreement made by the people. But their
agreement to keep the contract is of necessity something different from the
contract itself. Now notice:
he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.
God's covenant, the ten
commandments, and their keeping (agreement) are two things. What was God's
covenant? The agreement of the people as Mr. Smith teaches? No,
"even ten commandments." (Deut. 4:13) "There was
nothing in the ark save the two tables of stone, which Moses put there at Horeb,
when the Lord made a covenant with the children of Israel, when they came out of
the land of Egypt." (1 Kings 8:9) This is not so
"laughable" after all. (Who talks about others
"sneering" at the Bible?)
Mr. Smith doesn't believe
there is anything new about the new covenant. In fact, he states that
"The new covenant was recorded in the Old Testament. See Jeremiah
31:31-33." But Jeremiah says (as quoted in Heb. 8), "Behold, the
days come, saith the Lord, that I will make a new covenant . . ."
Jeremiah said in the old testament that the new covenant was not yet made, but
the days come. I can't accept both David Smith and Jeremiah. And
Jeremiah was inspired . . .
Again our disputant says,
"Everyone that has ever been saved, Old Testament or New, has been saved
under the New Covenant provisions." I challenge Mr. Smith to prove
this assumption. He shows that under the old that men were saved by grace
and faith (and this, incidentally, is not the law). But where in all the
Old is the command given for man to "repent" and "be
baptized" in the "name of Christ for the remission of sins?"
Luke 24:47 says that this should be preached beginning at Jerusalem! This
was not done until Pentecost, AD 33, per Acts 2!
Now we notice in verse 7
of Hebrews 8, "For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should
no place have been sought for the second." "Then verily the
first covenant had ordinances of divine service . . . and the tables of the
covenant." (9:1,4) "Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy
will, O God. He taketh away the first, that he may establish the
second." (10:9) Christ "took it out of the way, nailing it
to his cross." (Col. 2:14) We are not under the law."
(Rom. 6:14, Gal. 5:18) "We are delivered from the law."
(Rom. 7:6) "Christ is the end of the law.'' (Eph. 2: 15)
"There is made of necessity a change also of the law.'' (Heb. 7:12).
Next, Mr. Smith passes on
to the origin of the law. He argues that since sin is transgression of law
(Rom. 4:15), and all have sinned, the ten commandments must have been given in
the beginning and, hence, to Jew and Gentiles. Such logic! Of course
there was law in the beginning: God's Word is law. But the law in the
beginning was not the ten commandments! Moses said, "The Lord our God
made a covenant with us in Horeb. The Lord made not this covenant with
our fathers." (Deut. 5:2-3) In chapter four of the same
book, "the Lord thy God in Horeb declared unto you his covenant, which he
commanded you to perform, even ten commandments; and he wrote them upon two
tables of stone." Now, David Smith needn't tell us that the ten
commandments were given from the beginning. God's Word says not so!
Adventists assume that law in Rom. 4:15 means the ten commandments.
Remember, I asked Mr. Smith if every time law is mentioned, it refers to the ten
commandments? I also asked if God has any law besides the ten
commandments. Here is why David Smith objects to questions: they expose
him. If he admits that Law means other than the ten commandments, he must
give up his assumption on Rom. 3 and 4. But if he says law always means
the ten commandments, he must admit that the decalogue and not the ''ceremonial
law" (the imaginary law of Adventism) has been done away. Either horn
of the dilemma he takes exposes him. So what does he do? Complain about
being asked questions. But it doesn't make any difference how he answers,
God's Word says that the ten commandments were not given before Horeb! And
Smith himself in grappling with Gal. 3 lets this truth get by: "There was
obviously more than one law given in the Old Testament." Well now,
how can you know that the law that Adam and Eve broke was the ten commandment
law and not some other law, Mr. Smith, since there was obviously more than this
one law in the Old Testament? I know that it was not the ten commandment
law. First, because Moses said the decalogue was not established before
Horeb, or Mount Sinai. Second, because God tells what command Adam broke
whereby he should die. I asked Mr. Smith to tell us this stated command
that Adam broke. Our Adventist champion went around the command God
mentioned to "prove" that Adam broke a command that God hadn't given.
I gave Mr. Smith the answer to my question when I asked the question. Too
bad he didn't notice it. It would have saved him a lot of
"fixing." The stated command that Adam broke is found in Genesis
2:16-17, "And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the
garden thou mayest freely eat: but of the tree of knowledge of good and evil,
thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt
surely die." I would ask Mr. Smith if this is commandment
one-two-three-four-five-six-seven-eight-nine-ten of the decalogue, but he'd
My disputant refers to
Rom. 7:7 in his "fixing" of the decalogue in the beginning: "I
had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had
said, Thou shalt not covet." "What law," Mr. Smith asks.
"Is it that contains the rule against coveting? . . . the ten commandments --
the law that at Sinai was graven in tables of stone by the finger of God."
Has Mr. Smith noticed that Paul says of this law in the preceding verse: ''But
now we are delivered from the law?" Delivered from the ten
commandments according to David Smith.
Mr. Smith thinks that
Isaiah 56:2-7 fulfills my request for the command for Gentiles as such to keep
the sabbath. But I showed him in my second negative that the text does not
teach what he assumes. Now he says I made a "quibble." But
did he attempt to show us wherein it was a "quibble?" No wonder
he passes hurriedly on. I'm still waiting for the text that commands a
Gentile as such to keep the sabbath as Mr. Smith assumes they were given.
In his second affirmative,
Mr. Smith reasoned that the new covenant brings the Gentiles into Israel and
subjects them to this law of ten commandments. Yet, he reasons that the
ten commandments were given to all (Jew and Gentiles) from the beginning.
My opponent is confused.
Rom. 2:14 ought to settle
the point as to the law being given to the Gentiles, unless he "sneers at
the plainest Bible texts." "For when the Gentiles, which have
not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the
law, are a law unto themselves."
My opponent next
mentions the law which is our schoolmaster (Galatians 3). Smith tells us
in his second article that the law "added" was the "ceremonial
law." But then he says that this law was "in effect" in the
time of Cain and Abel. But this could not possibly be, because Gal. 3:17
states that the law was not given until 430 years after the promise was given to
Abraham. How could this so called "ceremonial law" have been
given to Cain and Abel if it was the law added, given 430 years after Abraham?
(I suppose Mr. Smith will complain about this question, also.) My good
friend is confused. The truth of the matter is that Paul did not say the
''ceremonial law" was added (and Mr. Smith hasn't given any scripture that
mentions this imaginary law). Paul said that "the covenant . . . the
law . . . was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come."
(Gal. 3:17-19) This covenant given 430 years after was the covenant given
at Sinai, even the ten commandments. (Deut. 4:13)
In his first article Mr.
Smith calls the ten commandments the "law added." In his second
article he calls the "ceremonial law" the law added. Which time
did he tell the truth? (He needn't answer this question.) In the
newspaper he says that the ten commandments are done away in the experience of
those who accept Jesus. But in his second article he says that the ten
commandment covenant is not made until our sins are forgiven. Which time
did he tell the truth? Again: In article one, Mr. Smith said,
will the enemies of the law clean up their sinful hearts by trying to show it
abolished. WE NEED IT. The law is our schoolmaster to bring us to
In his second article,
referring to the law as our schoolmaster, he asks,
what is the law that came later, which was added because of transgressions?
This is the ceremonial law.
According to David Smith's
unguarded arguments, Adventists are involved in a hopeless contradiction.
He says that this ''ceremonial law'' was added, it our schoolmaster. Then
he says, "WE NEED IT." We need the "ceremonial law" to
bring us to Christ according to Smith. But then he contradicts himself
saying that this is the law which was nailed to the cross. We need it, but
Jesus took it away! Such logic. But such is the predicament in which
one finds himself when he tries to defend the ''doctrines of men."
I want to give some time
now to a comparison of the "Moral Law'' and "Ceremonial Law" as
Adventists try to make the distinction in the law. Mr. Smith has ignored
all of my arguments relative to this ''fixing'' of THE law. If he wants to
ignore them, that's up to him, but the reader will know that they remain
The following is a
compilation of the two charts presented by Mr. Smith with the investigation.
This is supposed to be the ''Moral Law'' in existence, in force, now.
(1) It was spoken by
God, Deut. 4:12-13.
the Lord spake unto you out of the midst of the fire . . . and he declared unto
you his covenant, which he commanded you to perform, even ten commandments ; and
he wrote them upon two tables of stone.
This is the law, the
covenant, that God has changed. It is not in force today. God said,
"I will make a new covenant . . . not according to the covenant that I made
with their fathers," even ten commandments. Instead of proving that
the ten commandments are in force today, this reference proves that they are not
in force but are done away in the covenant that God changed! God's Word
doesn't say what Mr. Smith's chart would have it say. In fact, God
contradicts the chart!
(2) Written with the
finger of God, Ex. 31:18, 32:16.
This is the ten
commandments written on tables of stone. Instead of showing the ten
commandments in force today, 2 Cor. 3:7 says, "the ministration of death,
written and engraven in stones, was glorious,'' and verse 11, "for if that
which is done away was glorious . . ." This proves that Mr. Smith's
chart is incorrect and shows how the Adventists wrest the scriptures to fit
(3) Placed in ark,
Deut. 10:1-5, 1 Kings 8:9. 1 Kings 8:9 says,
was nothing in the ark save the two tables of stone, which Moses put there at
Horeb, when the Lord made a covenant with the children of Israel, when they came
out of the land of Egypt.
Again, we refer to Heb.
8:9 to show that this is the covenant that God changed. (See also Heb.
(4) Perfect, Psalms
law of the Lord is perfect, converting the soul.
"Law" means here
"direction, teaching." The "teaching" of the Lord is
perfect. I wonder if Mr. Smith believes this. Is the "law of
Moses" (as the Adventists call part of "the law") perfect?
God gave it. Though God's teaching is plain and complete to the end for
which it is given, it was not designed in the old covenant to bring to the end
(goal) proposed. (Heb. 7:19) Rather, "by one offering he hath
perfected for ever them that are sanctified." (Heb. 10:14)
(5) Stand fast
forever, Psalms 111:7-8.
works of his hands are verity and judgment; all his commandments are sure.
They stand fast forever and ever, and are done in truth and
If this proves that the
ten commandments are in force today, it also includes what the Adventists call
the "ceremonial law'' because David said "all" his commandments.
Compare with Heb. 2:2-3.
(6) Not destroyed by
Christ, Matt. 5:17.
(7) Easier for
heaven and earth to pass away. Luke 16:17.
not that I am come to destroy the law or the prophets: I am not come to destroy,
but to fulfill. (Matt. 5:17)
I pointed out in my last
article that the law refers to the five books of the Pentateuch. With this
David Smith has agreed. Now Jesus said I am not come to destroy "the
law, or the prophets," that is, the whole Old Testament according to the
admission of Mr. Smith. This means that if the ten commandments were not
nailed to the cross when fulfilled, then none of the Old Testament was.
This would make the Bible contradictory, for the Bible says that there is ''a
change also of the law.'' (Heb. 7:12)
Jesus came not to destroy
any of the Old Testament, that is, render it useless without meeting its demands
necessary to qualify himself as Christ according to the law and the prophets, or
''deprive of success." Jesus reminded his apostle's after his death,
''These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all
things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the
prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me.'' ( Luke 24:44) When Jesus
fulfilled all that was written concerning him, the law had served its purpose in
bringing us to Christ. Christ did not destroy the law when he came, but he
fulfilled it. Now after faith is come we are no longer under the law, the
schoolmaster. (Gal. 3:25) Let me illustrate. Should I have an
appointment with the dentist, and announce to the receptionist, "I have
come, not to destroy my appointment, but to fulfill it," I would complete
all that the appointment called for. I would have fulfilled the
appointment and not destroyed it. But, let me ask, would the appointment
still be in force? No, it was fulfilled. So it was with Christ.
When he fulfilled the law we were delivered from it. It has been
And so we continue with
Mr. Smith's chart, showing that rather than proving what he has intended, it
indicates just the opposite, that there is no division under the law or two laws
known as "moral" and "ceremonial." It further shows
that THE law has been done away. Mr. Smith and our Adventist friends in
order to be consistent ought to keep all of the old testament for Paul said that
he who keeps a part of the law, that is, is circumcised, "is a debtor to do
the whole law." But should they be consistent with themselves, they
would have to deny Christ. "Christ is become of no effect unto you,
whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace."
These charts are very
beautiful and impressive until examined. Then we see how false teachings
must wrest the word of God in order to "fit" the charts of man's
Colossians 2 is the next
text brought up for discussion by my honorable opponent. I asked him a few
questions in my first negative relative to an argument he had presented in his
first affirmative. O but how he detests questions! His argument was,
has been argued that in the phrase "sabbath days"
in Col. 2:16, the word "days" is in italics, and that
the text should read, "Or of the sabbath." Such an argument is merely a play on words and an insult to the intelligence of any scholarly audience.
He tried to ward off an
investigation of this text by reflecting on the intelligence of anyone who would
question his position. He thought he could thus hide the truth. But
finally, under pressure, he admits that the text reads literally, "Or of
sabbaths." Now, who has insulted the audience? Mr. Smith has
overthrown his own argument. See why I ask questions. If he answers
them he answers his own contentions. By asking questions, I let Smith
Commenting on Colossians
2, David Smith said in his first article, "The original Greek here is - - -
(Note: he failed to write in the original which is sabbaton.) The
form is the genitive plural." In commenting on the
"importance" of the sabbath my opponent lists Luke 4:16 and Acts
16:13. These he claims, and correctly so, refer to the weekly sabbath. Now
what my friend may not know is that in Luke 4:16 is the same Greek word as found
in Col. 2:16. Tell us, Mr. Smith, how sabbaton in Col. 2:16 means
"rest days" other than the weekly sabbath but the weekly sabbath in
Luke 4:16? We can see that if sabbaton means "rest
days" other than the sabbath in Col. 2:16, it means the same in Luke 4:16.
Take either horn of the dilemma. If you say that sabbaton refers
to special feasts under the so-called "ceremonial law" of Adventism,
then you claim that "it is proper to attend religious services" on
these days. It places you under the abrogated "ceremonial
system." But if sabbaton does refer to the weekly sabbath as
you affirm in Luke 4:16, then it is the same sabbaton (weekly sabbath)
that is abolished in Col. 2:16! In either case, Mr. Smith and Seventh-day
Adventism is in hopeless contradiction. This is but another of many
instances where Adventism meets itself coming back!
Again, my opponent
referred to Acts 16:13, listing it with Exodus 20:8-11 to show the importance of
the sabbath. Exodus 20 is the giving of the decalogue mentioned in our
proposition. Now notice: "Sabbath" (the fourth commandment of
the decalogue) of Acts 16 in the original is sabbaton, genitive plural
form. Now notice what Paul says about sabbaton:
no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or
of the new moon, or of the sabbaton. (Col. 2:16)
My task is completed in
this discussion. Colossians 2:16 proves according to the references given
by David Smith that the "fourth commandment of the decalogue --
viz., "Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy' . . ." has been
Leviticus 25:8 does not
bear on the argument supported by 1 Chron. 23:30, 2 Chron. 2:4, 18:13, 31:3,
Nehemiah 10:33, as Mr.
Smith himself admits that this refers to "seven year periods'' and not rest
years. Further, Hosea 2:11 foretold that the sabbath would be done away or
cease: "I will also cause all her mirth to cease; her feast days, her
new moons, and her sabbaths, and all her solemn feasts." There is no
doubt that all holy days given to the Jews have ceased. There is a change
in the law -- the first, containing these ordinances, was nailed to the
The law was a shadow of
things to come. The law was our schoolmaster to bring us to Christ.
When Christ came the schoolmaster had served its purpose, hence, we are no
longer under the law. Now we walk in Christ (Heb. 2:2-3), the body, and
not in the shadow. David Smith wants us to walk in the "shadow"
instead of in the fulness, the body, which is Christ. Adventists glory in
the shadow rather than in the body of Christ!
2 Cor. 3:7, 11: "The
ministration of death, written and engraven in stones, was glorious . . .
For if that which is done away was glorious . . .'' In his first article, my
able opponent states that "ALL that this long scripture plainly claims
abolished is the glory of Moses face." But in the newspaper he wrote,
"The ministration of death, graven in stones, is abolished every time a
sinner comes to Christ." In his last article he states, "The
ministration of death is done away whenever the ministration of the spirit,
which is more glorious takes over." But again he says, "We are
changed (present tense) from glory to glory." It seems to me that
the man is confused. One time it is the "glory" abolished, next
the "ten commandments," and then "we" are changed.
I hope that Mr. Smith will
tell us in his final article just exactly what is done away. To clarify
his position I will appreciate the answer to the following questions. Do
you mean that "under the law" means under its condemnation, and
"abolished" means free from its condemnation? What is meant by
the expression, "under the law?"
His arguments concerning
the sabbath observed in the New Testament dispensation, or under the new
covenant, were answered in the first negative.
Hebrews 4:10-11 is not a
"command" for Christians to keep the sabbath. It is a
"promise" (verse 1) of rest that one enters when he "hath ceased
from his own works, as God did from His. Let us therefore labor to enter
into that rest."
I have followed Mr.
Smith's article from argument to argument. If he is not satisfied with
this expose of Adventism, I suggest that he meet the arguments rather than
complain about "hurting." I now submit this article to him and
all with the prayer that truth will lead from error.
My opponent, David F. Smith, who is representing the Seventh-day Adventist Church in this discussion, has chosen to forfeit his final article in defense of sabbatarianism. My friend's behavior in this debate is typical of Adventist preachers. Adventists are known for their issuing of challenges. But let a challenge be accepted and one sees a first-class example of "backing down," a play up of martyrdom, and criticism of the "spirit" of the opposition. The delays and discontinuation by my opponent testifies to this oft-repeated strategy.
Under investigation, false
doctrine is exposed. David Smith complains because the cherished theory of
Adventism is exposed by the light of God's word. The claims supporting the
system of Seventh-Dayism is shown to be nothing more than arrogant assumptions!
And so the system crumbles and its support proves too great a task for even the
best champions of sabbatarianism. This is the great value of debates.
believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because
many false prophets are gone out into the world. (1 John 4:1)
the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling
down of strongholds; casting down imaginations, and every high thing that
exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every
thought to the obedience of Christ; and having in a readiness to revenge all
disobedience when your obedience is fulfilled. (2 Cor. 10:4-6)
The history of the sabbath and the law in which it is found is summed up in a few new covenant passages. Considering first, Galatians three, we have here the definite time when the law was given and when it was taken out of the way. "And I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after" the promise was made to Abraham "was added because of transgressions till the seed should come to whom the promise was made." (verses 17, 19) First, let us establish what is the law or covenant under consideration. Four hundred and thirty years after the promise corresponds with the giving of the law or covenant at Mount Sinai. What was the law or covenant made at Sinai or Horeb? It was here that Moses said, "he declared unto you his covenant, which he commanded you to perform, even ten commandments; and he wrote them upon two tables of stone." It was in this covenant, the ten commandments, that the sabbath was made known. Since the law was not given until Sinai, the sabbath was not made known until then in the law of which it is a part. This conclusion is drawn by Nehemiah 9:13-14, "Thou camest down also upon Mount Sinai, and spakest with them from heaven, and gavest them right judgments, and true laws, good statutes and commandments: and madest known unto them thy holy sabbath.''
The law (containing the
sabbath) given at Sinai was added to the promise given to Abraham to bring us to
Christ. The things found in the law, psalms, and prophets concerning him
had to be fulfilled. To this end Christ came, not to do away with the law
without meeting its demands which would signify his divinity, but to
fulfill the Law. (Matthew 5:17) When Christ fulfilled the law, and
faith came by him, the law had served its purpose and Christ took it out of the
way, nailing it to his cross. (Galatians 3:23-25, Luke 24:44, John 17:4,
19:30, Colossians 2:14) When the first covenant was taken out of the way
and replaced by a new covenant, the sabbath which it contained also ceased.
(Colossians 2:14-16, Hebrews 10:9, 7:12)
The old law having been
nailed to the cross does not imply that we are without law and sin is without
condemnation. It simply means that instead of being judged by the old law
we are judged by a new covenant, even the words that Jesus spake. (John
12:48, Hebrews 2:2-3) It is wrong to murder, steal, worship idols, and so
on, not by virtue of the old covenant, the law, but because these things are
condemned in the new. (Galatians 5:19-21) An illustration will
serve to impress the point. When this nation of people was under the rule
of England we were subject to her laws. When we were freed from her
control we established a new law. Now murderers, robbers, and all
lawbreakers are judged by the new law -- not by the old. A lawless
man is now punished, not because the law of England demands it, but because the
principle of the new does.
There is a change of the
law. (Hebrews 7:12) Galatians 3:19 states that the covenant given at
Sinai, the law of ten commandments, "was ordained by angels in the hand of
a mediator." Thus taught Stephen in Acts 7:53, "Who have
received the law by the disposition of angels." Hebrews 2:2-3.
"For if the word spoken by angels was steadfast" -- this would
be the old covenant or law at Sinai -- "and every transgression and
disobedience received a just recompense of reward; how shall we escape, if we
neglect so great salvation; which at the first began to be spoken by the Lord,
and was confirmed unto us by them that heard him.'' The old law at Sinai
ordained by angels was steadfast so that all transgressions were punished.
This being true of the old, how can we escape if we neglect the new which was
confirmed by them that heard the Lord. This new was first begun to be
spoken by the Lord. If they under the old were punished, how shall we
under the new escape if we neglect the "great salvation" which,
incidentally, is by Christ and not by the law. (Galatians 3:18, 5:4)
In Romans 7 Paul
illustrates the severing of relationship to the law to be under Christ with his
reference to marriage. A woman cannot be married to two men at the same
time without being an adulteress. But if the first be dead, she is free to
marry another. The lesson is, neither can we be married to the old law and
my brethren, ye also are become dead to the law by the body of Christ; that ye
should be married to another, even to him who is raised from the dead, that we
should bring forth fruit unto God.
In Galatians 4, the
apostle Paul illustrates this severing of relationship to the law to be a
Christian with reference to the sons of Abraham. One son of Abraham was
born of a bondwoman and represents the covenant at Sinai, the other son was of a
free-woman and answers to Jerusalem which now is, the new covenant.
"Cast out the bondwoman and her son: for the son of the bondwoman shall not
be heir with the son of the freewoman." The lesson is, the old
covenant is cast out: for we shall not be under the old with the new covenant.
"Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by
the law; ye are fallen from grace." (Galatians 5:4)
Many are the passages
treating this subject. Time has not permitted in this discussion to
present all that could be said concerning the law that is done away. It
has had to suffice in mentioning the weightier texts. There is no subject
so fully treated in the new testament as the matter of keeping the sabbath and
the law, and none so repudiated by the weight of evidence.
2 Corinthians 3:7-11, 14 is the text that satisfies the $200 offer of the Seventh-day Adventist Church.
if the ministration of death, written and engraven in stones, was glorious, so
that the children of Israel could not steadfastly behold the face of Moses for
the glory of his countenance; which glory was to be done away: how shall not the
ministration of the spirit be rather glorious? For if the ministration of
condemnation be glory, much more doth the ministration of righteousness exceed
in glory. For even that which was made glorious had no glory in this
respect, by reason of the glory that excelleth, For if that which is done away
was glorious, much more that which remaineth is glorious . . . But their
minds were blinded: for until this day remaineth the same veil untaken away in
the reading of the old testament: which veil is done away in Christ.
This "ministration of
death, written and engraven in stones" is the decalogue containing the
sabbath commandment mentioned in the proposition of this debate. That this
is correct has been admitted by my disputant. This law, the ten
commandments, "was glorious." Paul emphatically states that
"that . . . which was glorious," the decalogue, "is done
away." The phrase "is done away" is from the Greek katargeo
meaning "to cause to cease, put an end to, do away with, annul,
abolish." (Thayer's Greek-English Lexicon) The decalogue --
containing the sabbath -- is abolished.
verse fourteen and following, Their minds were hardened: for until this very day
at the reading of the old covenant the same veil remaineth, it not being
revealed to them that it is done away in Christ. But unto this day,
whensoever Moses is read, a veil lieth upon their heart. But whensoever it
(marg. -- Or, a man shall turn) shall turn to the Lord, the veil is taken
The Jews even to this day
are so blinded, or hardened in their hearts, that they cannot see that the old
covenant has been annulled or abolished in Christ. Meyer, and Conybeare
and Howson, according to Johnson, translate the verse: "It not being
disclosed that the Old Covenant is taken away in Christ." The Jews
failed to recognize Christ and His authority because the "veil lieth upon
their heart." The trouble is in the heart that is blinded by
prejudice. Such is true of sabbatarians today. With them "the
same veil remains in the reading of the Old Institution: it not being discovered
that it is abolished in Christ. Moreover, till this day, when Moses is
read, the veil lies upon their heart." (Living Oracles translation)
Paul gives us the assurance that when man turns to the Lord the veil is taken
away and he will discover that the old covenant, even the law of ten
commandments, is abolished in Christ. "But whensoever a man shall
turn to the Lord, the veil is taken away.'' When I find people desiring to
be under the law I realize that they have not yet fully accepted the Lord, for
if they had, they would recognize that the law is abolished and we are under a
new covenant. It is like the apostle wrote to the Galatians:
me, ye that desire to be under the law, do ye not hear the law?
The veil is upon their
heart so that they do not even understand why the law was given (Galatians
3:17-19), that it pointed to Christ (John 5:39), was fulfilled by him (Luke
24:44), hence having served its purpose is done away so that we are no longer
under the law but under faith. (Galatians 3:25, Romans 1:16-17) The
trouble with the advocates of sabbatarianism is that they have never turned to
the Lord and the "great salvation, which at the first began to be spoken by
the Lord," but they continue to turn to an abolished law for authority.
2 Corinthians 3, as
pointed out in the newspaper, satisfies the demands of the $200 offer, David
Smith being witness. I noticed in his last article, Mr. Smith resorts to
his old dodge and states, "I wonder if he really thinks he has a claim to
this money, since he did not show his face at the meeting at which I advertised
I would give it away." In other words, Mr. Smith reasons that even
though I have produced the text I wasn't at a certain meeting. This
objection I have already answered. (Read my second newspaper article.)
Even so, I anticipated such a move by my friend, so on the day the proposition
was signed I had him to sign his offer as follows which I have on file:
January 11, 1950
I hereby offer $200 for one Bible text from the Bible -- either the King James (Protestant) Version or the Douay (Catholic) Version -- stating WHEN, WHERE, and BY WHOM the weekly Sabbath was ABOLISHED.
Signed, David F. Smith
Minister, Seventh-day Adventist Church
This signed offer is not
limited (and neither was the other) in any way as to time or place. If he
doesn't fulfill his offer by virtue of the newspaper advertisement he can come
across on this one.
The reason I have pressed
this point has been to test the honesty of David Smith and the integrity of the
Seventh-day Adventist Church. If they are not trustworthy here, how can
one know whether anything they say is so? My motive, as stated before, is
not mercenary. In fact, I think it is a cheap method of advertising
carried on by the SDA church to make merchandise of the Truth! But since
they have employed this method and have offered the money -- do they mean
what they say? Can you trust them, even when it is in writing? The
honesty and integrity of the man and the sect have been at stake by virtue of
this challenge and its fulfillment. By reason of David Smith's own
admittance and poor faith in fulfilling the promise, Mr. Smith has set fire to
the "stake." The Adventist system was founded on a lie and is
carried on through deception. My soul aches for the otherwise honest and
sincere people who are mislead by this false system.
An organization not
much over 100 years old known as the Seventh-day Adventist Church has attracted
our attention to make an investigation into her claims. I say kindly, yet
with conviction, this church exists without any authority whatsoever from the
Lord, was established without Him and His blessings, is not described or even
mentioned anywhere in the pages of Inspiration, and therefore exists contrary to
the expressed desires of the Savior. The Lord shed His blood in purchase
of His church, and thus bought it and it alone. The saved he adds to it --
there are saved persons in none other. Of the Lord's church one can read
in the pages of the divine record. There one finds its origin, name,
doctrine, faith, and practise. (Matthew 16:18, John 17:20-23, Acts 20:28,
Ephesians 4:4, 1:22-23, Colossians 1:18, Acts 2:47, Romans 16:16)
The Seventh-day Adventist
Church was established too late, at the wrong place, and by the wrong person to
be the church of Christ. Its foundation is essentially a lie that was
espoused by a false prophet. Before the sabbath doctrine was accepted into
the advent theory, the embryo body was known as Adventist, which name the
Seventh-day branch still carries. William Miller espoused a theory
relative to the advent of Christ predicting his coming in the spring of 1844 and
again in the fall of the same year. Both predictions ended in failure.
Deuteronomy 18:22, God said, "When a prophet speaketh in the name of the
Lord, if the thing follow not, nor come to pass, that is the thing which the
Lord hath not spoken." Thus Miller is proved to be a false prophet
and the movement arising from his prophecies is of necessity based on a lie.
Immediately after the failure of 1844 Adventists split up into numerous parties,
each contradicting and denouncing the other. Instead of renouncing the
whole theory, as sane men, each set about trying to explain the failure.
The particular Adventists now known as the Seventh-day Adventists explain that
God was the author of the failure, the reason being to "prove" the
people. Ellen G. White, in The Great Controversy, states,
had done the will of God . . . Yet they could not understand his purpose
in their past experience.
She reasons, and bear in
mind that this is the celebrated prophetess of Adventism for whom they claim
inspiration, that 1844 was the correct date, but for a "cleansing" in
heaven and not a return to earth, but God hid this fact from them and lead them
to believe a lie! We notice that she has moved the speculation into heaven
-- on earth man can witness the falsity of their prophecies.
connected with the movement of 1844. In fact, Ellen G. White endorses
William Miller and his prophetic failure.
all the great religious movements since the days of the apostles, none have been
more free from human imperfection and the wiles of Satan than was that of the
autumn of 1844. Even now, after the lapse of nearly half a century, all
who shared in that movement and who have stood firm upon the platform of truth,
still feel the holy influence of that blessed work, and bear witness that it was
preaching of a definite time for the Judgment, in the giving of the first
message, was ordered of God.
God said that if the
prophecy does not come to pass, "this is the thing which the Lord hath not
spoken." Adventism teaches that God lied!
God be true, but every man a liar. (Romans 3:4)
Ellen G. White stamps
herself along with the entire Adventist movement FRAUD.
In 1864 Joseph Bates was
influenced by some Seventh-day Baptist relatives. He communicated his new
found sabbath theory to Mrs. White and after her famous "vision,"
sabbath keeping in fashion became part of Adventist doctrine and gave birth to
the Seventh-day Adventist Church proper. This is the origin of their
sabbath doctrine and it is not from the Bible!
In support of their
practice of keeping the sabbath as they do, they resort to an abolished law,
wrest the scriptures to fit the theory, and assume the proof in nearly every
argument they make. I say they keep the sabbath in a "fashion"
because they do not "keep" it as God commanded the Jews, but as it
pleases them. (See the last newspaper article.)
The following is the
substance of their sabbath teaching.
that "the law has been in existence since the beginning of human life on
this planet." (Newspaper -- David Smith)
The Bible teaches
that the law containing the sabbath was given at Sinai, and there the sabbath
was made known. "The Lord our God made a covenant with us in Horeb.
The Lord made not this covenant with our fathers, but with us, even us, who are
all of us here alive this day." (Deuteronomy 5:2-3)
that "the law of the ten commandments existed before sin came into the
world." (Second Affirmative -- David Smith)
The Bible teaches
that the law, the covenant, was added to the promise given to Abraham four
hundred and thirty years after the promise. And here "it was added
because of transgressions," not before. (Galatians 3:17-19)
that "the handwriting of ordinances is a different law from God's great
moral law, the ten commandments." (Newspaper -- David Smith)
The Bible teaches
no such distinction in the law. Rather Paul says that Christ
"abolished . . . the law of commandments contained in ordinances."
(Ephesians 2:15) The handwriting of ordinances and the law of commandments
contained in them was nailed to the cross! All the old testament was
admittedly done away. David Smith being witness himself that "the
whole Old Testament is referred to as the law and the prophets."
that "the Old Testament law was considered binding by New Testament
writers." (Second Affirmative)
The Bible teaches
that the Old Testament is taken out of the way, New Testament writers being
witness. (Ephesians 2, Romans 7, Galatians 3 and 4, 2 Corinthians 3,
Colossians 2, Hebrews 2 and 12, for a few.) What writer in all the New
Testament ever stated that the Old Testament is binding on Christians?
The Sabbatarianism assumes
that "the ministration of death is to be done away in the experience of all
who accept Jesus." "The ministration of death, graven in stones,
is abolished every time a sinner comes to Christ." "The penalty --
the ministration of death -- is abolished when we accept Christ's
sacrifice for sins." (Newspaper -- David Smith)
Adventists reason that ''under the law" means under condemnation or its
penalty. To be delivered from the law means delivered from its penalty.
Therefore to be "under the law" is equivalent to saying that one is a
The Bible teaches
that "under the law" is under its authority. The evil
consequence of affirming that "under the law" means under penalty for
sin is realized from Galatians 4:4, "God sent forth his Son, made of a
woman, made under the law." According to Adventist reasoning, Christ
was born a sinner! But, of course, such is not true. (Hebrews 4:15)
To be "under the law" is to be subject to or set under the authority
of the law. Therefore when Paul said that we "are not under the
law" he said that we are not subject to it. (Romans 6:14, Galatians
1. It was given in
the law or covenant made at Mount Sinai. It was not given before.
(Deuteronomy 4:13, 5:2-5,12-15, Nehemiah 9:14)
2. The sabbath was
given to the children of Israel only, as a sign between them and God that they
should know that He was the Lord that sanctified them. The seventh day was
their sabbath to correspond with God's rest day at creation. Exodus 31:13,
3. God spoke of it
in such a way to show it was limited to the Jewish age: "the children of
Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath throughout their
generations." Exodus 31:16. Principles enacted in the new
covenant are not so spoken of in the old as to signify their relationship would
be to the Jews and them only. For instance, one never reads, "Ye
shall not murder throughout your generations." Yet, we read of
offerings, incense, atonement of animals, Levitical priesthood, and the sabbath
as observed in their generation. All of these things, save the
sabbath, Adventists will admit -- why not the sabbath? Because out
would go Mrs. White, William Miller, all of their speculations and theories --
the very foundation of the SDA church. These things they will not let go!
I cannot see why a man would deny the Lord and the Bible in order to hold to
some organization even though it is profitable. What is it worth and what
will it profit if you lose your own soul?
4. God said, "I
will cause all her mirth to cease, her feast days, her new moons, and her
sabbaths, and all her solemn feasts." (Hosea 2:11)
5. In Amos 8:5 some
of the Jews asked, "When will the new moon be gone, that we may sell corn?
And the sabbath, that we may set forth wheat?" They wanted to know
when the new moon and sabbath would be gone. Sabbatarians say that the new
moon is gone, but the sabbath never will be gone. But God said it would in
answering their question:
it shall come to pass in that day, saith the Lord God, that I will cause
the sun to go down at noon, and I will darken the earth in a clear day.
This was fulfilled when
Christ died on the cross. (Mark 15:33) This was when the new moon
and the sabbath were taken out of the way. (Colossians 2:16)
6. Now let no man,
even Seventh-day Adventists, judge you in respect of the sabbath.
(Colossians 2:16.) It was abolished in the law nailed to the cross.
7. Christians are
nowhere commanded to keep the sabbath. Throughout this discussion, I have
asked our Adventist champion for such a text. If there was such a command
he would have given it. It doesn't exist! The reference of
Matthew 24:20 does not imply the keeping of the sabbath. The Lord warned
against the hardships of flight. Jesus had just mentioned conditions that
would create hardships in flight. Winter created such conditions, and so
would keeping of the sabbath by the Jews create hardships on Christians desiring
to leave the city. If this passage proves the sabbath to be a holy day, it
also proves the winter to be a holy season. There is nothing here or
elsewhere in the new covenant to indicate a keeping of the sabbath. In the
new testament, the disciples are said to have worshipped on the first day of the
week. (Acts 20:7, 1 Corinthians 16:2)
It has been amply proved to satisfy any honest soul that the Seventh-day Advent movement had its origin in a lie and is promoted today in a blind zeal to propagate a false doctrine. Let me plead kindly, as a friend who loves your soul, come out from the false ways of the doctrines of men if you are ensnared in this or any other such movement. Loyalty to God ought to prove the greater motive than loyalty to any sect.
FIRST AFFIRMATIVE ARTICLE DUE FEBRUARY 1, 1950.
Registered mail, signed receipt dated April 21, 1950:
April 20, 1950
Mr. David F. Smith,
Seventh-day Adventist Church
128 South Tenth Street
Las Vegas, Nevada
Dear Mr. Smith:
Please inform me whether or not you intend to debate the proposition as you signed with me January 11, 1950. You agreed to have your first article to me by February 1, 1950 and that we would make our replies within three week periods.
Please write me immediately of your intentions.
FIRST AFFIRMATIVE ARTICLE DELIVERED AND RECEIVED APRIL 28, 1950.
FIRST NEGATIVE ARTICLE DUE MAY 19, 1950.
FIRST NEGATIVE ARTICLE DELIVERED AND RECEIVED MAY 4, 1950.
SECOND AFFIRMATIVE ARTICLE DUE MAY 25, 1950.
Registered mail, signed receipt dated November 6, 1950:
November 2, 1950
Mr. David F. Smith,
Seventh-day Adventist Church
Las Vegas, Nevada
Dear Mr. Smith:
Your second affirmative article is of this date over twenty-three (23) weeks past due. The written discussion should have been concluded by this time, but because of your delay we have not yet reached the mid-way point. I should like very much to conclude this discussion before the end of the year. I shall expect your second article by return mail.
It is necessary for me to write you in care of the Las Vegas Seventh-day Adventist Church, in hopes that this letter will be forwarded to you, since you failed to give me your new address when you moved. I have tried to learn of your new address but efforts have been in vain.
You will please note my change of address when forwarding your article.
Registered mail, signed receipt dated December 7, 1950:
December 5, 1950
Mr. David F. Smith,
Seventh-day Adventist Church
2514 Madison Avenue
Dear Mr. Smith:
I wrote you over a month ago concerning our written discussion. As yet I have not heard from you. Please notify me by return mail whether or not you intend to fulfill your part of the signed agreement. If so, forward your second affirmative article immediately. If I fail to hear from you by the first of the year I shall take your silence to be an admission that you cannot defend Seventh-day Adventism because it has no defense, and I shall publicize the same. If you sincerely believe the position you have affirmed, I pray that you will continue the discussion so that I may point out to you and other Adventists the error of Adventist doctrine. Or, if you no longer believe the position that you have signed, I trust that you will be honest enough with God, yourself, and the world to repudiate the false teachings of Adventism.
I trust to hear from you soon.
Mail received December 11, 1950:
December 7, 1950
Mr. Gene Frost
739 Virginia Street
I sat down and answered your letter of about a month ago, but decided I was a little hard on you, so I laid it aside intending to rewrite it sometime.
As you recall, you brought your written article over to me when I was at a church in Las Vegas, packing to leave. I was packing papers and books in boxes, and evidently it went with other papers off my desk into some box. But as to what happened to it I do not know. When I arrived in Ogden, I decided to dig it out and read it to see what you had to say, and I couldn't find it. I was about to write you for another copy, when I heard you had been fired from your Las Vegas church. So I decided you probably wouldn't be interested in an answer. I also heard that you have been circulating your part of the argument without what I have already submitted; indicating that you wouldn't use mine if you had it.
However if you sincerely wish an answer, I will be glad to give it to you. Just send me another copy of your answer to my first argument, and I'll fire one back at you post haste.
I hope that when this is completed you will really use my arguments in full, but judging from your past use of statements by me, I think I can hardly hope for this.
I was amused at your suggestion that I repudiate the "false" teachings of Adventism. Even you should know better than to make such a fallacious statement.
David F. Smith
Registered mail, signed receipt dated December 14, 1950:
December 11, 1950
Mr. David F. Smith,
Seventh-day Adventist Church
2514 Madison Avenue
Dear Mr. Smith:
In reply to your letter of December 7 just received, find enclosed a copy of my article which was delivered to you May 4. I do regret that you were unable to reply before leaving Las Vegas as you had planned.
In all my correspondence with you I have refrained from making any personal disparaging remarks. I regret that you have seen fit to write as you have. I shall answer the charges, but I pray that we may keep the discussion on a higher plane than your letter past.
You say that you "heard" that I had been fired. You chose the correct word, "heard," for your information is nothing more than hearsay, nothing more than a malicious lie! For your information, I voluntarily left Las Vegas and voluntarily located in Vallejo. To show you how these hearsays go, I "heard" that you were transferred from Las Vegas because you were incapable of defending your newspaper offer and that the SDA church had "lost face." I would not repeat such hearsay: I have not nor do I now mention it to you disparagingly. Furthermore, I will not believe that you were fired, even though you have not been able to defend your offer.
Your other hearsay is false also. I have not circulated any portion of our discussion. The only thing that has been circulated has been the newspaper articles and the sermon that I preached January 20 which you heard. If you desire some copies of the sermon, I will gladly send you a hundred or so for free distribution. If you recorded your sermon of the Friday before, you may return the favor by sending me a copy of it.
As for assuming that I no longer intended to pursue the discussion, rest assured that I do. (You Adventists shouldn't assume so much, anyway.) I am amused at your statement, "If you sincerely wish an answer . . ." My dear Mr. Smith, if I did not want an answer, why would I have kept after you for so long to reply? And, never fear, I shall print in full your articles and my replies exactly as we agreed, if the printing can be arranged at all.
As for the false teachings of Adventism -- such is the purpose of our discussion. Just you fulfill the agreement here on out and the proof that Adventism is false will be forthcoming (and if you so indicate, I will be happy to show that the movement itself is based on a falsehood and was sponsored by a false prophet.)
Another matter before I close. You made mention of "your Las Vegas church." This might not seem important to you but to me it is a matter of most serious consequence. For your information, I do not have a church. Any church that I labor with will be Christ's church and no doubt about it for it will wear his name. The church belongs to Christ, not to anyone else, or a doctrine, or a movement or a day; hence, the church of Christ!
Now, I'll close expecting to receive your second affirmative article shortly.
Register mail, receipt dated January 13, 1951:
January 11, 1951
Mr. David F. Smith,
Seventh-day Adventist Church
2514 Madison Avenue
Dear Mr. Smith:
Having waited exactly one month since you received a second copy of my reply to your first and only article, I am taking the liberty of writing to you again. It was our original intention that articles would be answered within two weeks of receipt. Today is the first anniversary of our signing the agreement for a written discussion and I have received only one article from you. At this rate, we might be able to conclude this discussion sometime in 1953. (I'd begin to question a doctrine that requires four years to prove.)
Now if this delay is being caused by the slow process of receiving instructions from "general headquarters," that's another matter and ought to show that the source of Adventism is of man and not of God, else one could find it in His Word. (I'd begin to question a doctrine that was conceived by some demented woman and which is nowhere to be found in the Book of Books.)
If you are of the same disposition as your letter past, please let me have that "post haste" article post haste. If I fail to hear from you by the first of February (the date your first article was due, 1950), I shall conclude your silence to be an admittance that you are unable to make any defense for Seventh-day Adventism.
Mail received February 2, 1951:
Jan. 31, 1951
Mr. Gene Frost
739 Virginia Street
Your much-desired reply to the first negative will be in the mail this evening. I am having a typist make me a copy first before I sent it along. I am mailing it this evening, and if you do not get it on February 1, you should certainly receive it by the second.
I believe this is your third or fourth deadline which you have set for me, and I do deserve to stand reproved for being so slow.
You flatter yourself that your arguments are so hard they take years to answer. But could it not be also, that they are of so little consequence that one hates to bother?
With kindest personal regards, I am,
Very sincerely yours,
David F. Smith
SECOND AFFIRMATIVE ARTICLE DELIVERED FEBRUARY 1, 1951 AND RECEIVED FEBRUARY 5, 1951
SECOND NEGATIVE ARTICLE DUE FEBRUARY 26, 1951
SECOND NEGATIVE ARTICLE DELIVERED FEBRUARY 9, 1951 AND RECEIVED FEBRUARY 12, 1951
THIRD AFFIRMATIVE ARTICLE DUE MARCH 5, 1951
Mailed, delivered March 9, 1951:
March 9 1951
Mr. David F. Smith,
Seventh-day Adventist Church
2514 Madison Avenue
Dear Mr. Smith:
This is a reminder that your third affirmative article is due. In fact, it should have been placed in the mail by February 26. [ Note: See following letter. ] Your earliest reply will be appreciated.
Mail delivered March 19, 1951:
March 19, 1951
Mr. David F. Smith,
Seventh-day Adventist Church
2514 Madison Avenue
Dear Mr. Smith:
This date my second negative has been in your possession five weeks. I again call your attention to our agreement to reply within two, and at the most three, weeks upon receiving the other's article. This discussion should have been completed before September of 1950. It is my desire to follow the agreement and conclude this discussion as soon as possible. I shall expect your third affirmative by return mail.
Mail delivered April 2, 1951:
April 2, 1951
Dr. David F. Smith,
Seventh-day Adventist church
2514 Madison Avenue
Dear Mr. Smith:
I am still interested in examining your defense for following the teachings of Ellen G. White relative to the sabbath. I am firmly convinced that the Bible completely refutes the idea that you have affirmed -- perhaps you are realizing that also now. I do not mean to imply that the arguments I have advanced are my own, as you previously implied; rather, I have called to your attention what God's Word says about the matter. Instead of debating me, David, you are struggling against God. I pray that you'll see this before too long.
Concerning the proposition proper, my second negative article has been in your possession for seven weeks. This surely has been long enough to have examined the article and replied. I was impressed by your last letter that you intended to complete the discussion without further delay in that you admitted that you "do deserve to stand reproved for being so slow." Now, what I am wondering is, why this delay? The discussion that should have been completed before last September is now only half complete! What is your purpose in this delaying? Do you intend to fulfill the signed agreement, or is it, like the $200 offer, not to be respected? David, I mean nothing unkind to you personally for I know that you are but the victim of a false system and that you have only repeated what has been instilled in Adventist preachers through the years. What you are doing has been repeated often. Adventists are taught to issue challenges where they think they will be ignored, but when a challenge is answered, Adventism must retreat. I hope, David, that you are more honest than your predecessors have been, and will honor the challenge to which you have set your name. If by reason of blindness this pernicious system has inflicted upon you, you still opine that the proposition you at first signed is true, be honest enough to stand by it. However, David, if you are now convinced of the error of sabbatarianism, be honest and make the correction; don't betray our honesty because of a sense of loyalty you might feel due those that support you. It would be far better to be right, and try to save your friends, than to be loyal to any cause.
To remain silent is not honest. Either continue this discussion without further delay, or be honest enough to admit that Sabbatarianism has no defense.
I will be looking for your reply by return mail.
Mail delivered April 12, 1951 and received April 14, 1951:
Mr. Gene Frost
I note that you are still seeking to be patient with your slow-poke opponent. I have been snowed under with work as usual, but really do intend to get this next article down right away. When your negative first came, I read it over a couple of times, and started my reply, but got sidetracked after about two pages, and haven't looked at it again.
Will do my best to buckle down and finish it off this next week.
Very sincerely yours,
David F. Smith
Mail delivered May 21, 1951
Mr. David F. Smith, Minister
Seventh-day Adventist Church
2514 Madison Avenue
Dear Mr. Smith:
After over three months (14 weeks) since you received my second article, I am still patiently awaiting your third affirmative. I realize that you are busy, but I trust not too busy to defend what you believe is the truth. If you honestly think the proposition you signed is true, then its defense ought to be your first concern. Surely such a discussion, the "consequence" of which affects the destiny of souls, merits your serious attention.
Please try my patience no longer and let me hear from you. If you delay longer, David, someone is going to get the idea that you affirmed a falsehood, and now realizing it you are afraid to face the issue. Further delay will also force the conclusion that you are dishonest in not admitting the error and accepting the truth. Why should you suffer loss of reputation and further jeopardize your soul because of a false doctrine?
Registered mail, signed receipt dated July 13, 1951:
July 9, 1951
Mr. David F. Smith,
Seventh-day Adventist Church
2514 Madison Avenue
Dear Mr. Smith:
Five months having elapsed since you received my negative article without having replied, I am ready to conclude that you do not intend to fulfill the proposition or agreement you signed.
I know of no reason for the repeated delays in the progress of our discussion unless it be that you do not intend to keep your word and are hoping for the issue to be forgotten. Mr. Smith, I am aware of the deceptive means of teaching carried on by the Seventh-day Adventist Church. You Adventist preachers are great ones to challenge and rave where no opposition is expected, but let someone rise in support of the Truth of God that you wrest and meet your challenges and you retreat into your sanctuary of silence. This is to inform you that I do not intend to sit quietly by in this matter, but I fully intend to expose both your strategy and false system. If you sincerely believed the position taken by the Seventh-day Adventist and the proposition you signed, there would be no delay or hesitancy to defend it. I had hoped that you were honest in propagating this false system so that God's Word in meeting this doctrine would lead you from the errors of sabbatarianism by reason of your honesty. I am sorry that you have impeached your honesty by remaining silent. I would think much more of you personally (even though you are wrong) if you were honest, than the course you are now pursuing: -- wrong and not honest enough to either defend or admit it.
As I said before, you issued the challenge calling for the $200 text by authority of the Seventh-day Adventist church and I have accepted. Isn't this what you called for? Didn't you expect it? Evidently not. But since you issued the challenge you ought to be honest enough to back it up. I plan to publish the debate, as much as has been presented, all of our correspondence, and a resume of Adventism to fully expose this system and its deceitful strategy, unless you continue this discussion without further delay. I am now demanding that your third affirmative article be in my hands by August 13, 1951 (one month from today). I prefer that you continue the discussion. Let me hear from you.
THIRD AFFIRMATIVE ARTICLE DELIVERED AUGUST 14 AND RECEIVED AUGUST 16
THIRD NEGATIVE ARTICLE DUE SEPTEMBER 6
THIRD NEGATIVE ARTICLE
DELIVERED AUGUST 31 AND RECEIVED SEPTEMBER 6.
August 31, 1951
Mr. David F. Smith, Minister
Seventh-day Adventist Church
2514 Madison Avenue
Dear Mr. Smith:
Enclosed is my third negative. Even though your third affirmative was not mailed until after the date demanding its receipt, I am happy to acknowledge it and make the reply. I am requesting that on this fourth and final article you will show good faith by prompt attention. I know that you are busy. For that matter, so am I, being presently engaged in a gospel meeting in Petaluma while writing this reply. I believe that preachers ought to be busy -- but busy preaching! I can't understand a man too busy to preach and defend what he believes is truth. You do believe sabbatarianism, don't you?
Please submit your reply within three weeks as agreed.
FOURTH AFFIRMATIVE ARTICLE DUE SEPTEMBER 27, 1951
Registered mail, signed receipt dated _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
October 11, 1951
Mr. David Smith, Minister
Seventh-day Adventist Church
2514 Madison Avenue
Dear Mr. Smith:
Five weeks ago today you received my third negative article. You have had ample time in which to reply according to our verbal agreement. Since you indicated in your third affirmative that it would probably be your last attempt in defense of sabbatarianism, I shall not bother you further for a reply. If a fourth article is not forwarded to me by the last of October 11, I shall conclude by your silence that you have quit the discussion and will arrange publication as I indicated in my letter of July 9th.
Let me thank you, David, for issuing the challenge in the newspaper which gave me opportunity of engaging you in this discussion. I pray that in time truth may lead you from the false way of Adventism.
Registered letter of October 11, 1951 returned October 26, 1951 "unclaimed."