WE, THE People of the Federation of American States, each State acting in its sovereign and independent character, in order to form a permanent federal government, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity ~ invoking the favor and guidance of Almighty God ~ do ordain and establish this Constitution for the Federation of American States.
When in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one People to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.
We hold these truths to be self-evident:
That all the People are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, property, and pursuit of wealth and happiness; that, to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed; that whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to affect their safety and happiness.
Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shown that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security. Such has been the patient sufferance of the People of these seceding States and such is now the necessity that constrains them to alter their former systems of government and create a new nation.
We desire nothing more but an honorable withdrawal from the Union. We earnestly desire that secession be accomplished in the friendliest spirit, with the utmost goodwill, and without leaving any trace of bitterness behind it, living in amity with all our neighbors of the Americas. We have staked the whole of all our political institutions upon the capacity of mankind for self-government, upon the capacity of each and all of us to govern ourselves, to control ourselves, to sustain ourselves according to the Commandments of God.
We desire a settlement of all matters between the States forming it, and the United States in relation to the public property and public debt at the time of our withdrawal hereby declaring it to be our wish and earnest desire to adjust everything pertaining to the common property, common liability, and common obligations of that Union, upon the principles of right, justice, equity, and good faith. The President, Congress, and People earnestly desire a peaceful solution of these great questions; that it is neither our interest nor our wish to make any demand not founded on strictest justice; nor do any act to injure our late sister States.
This government is instituted for the common good; for the protection, safety, prosperity, and happiness of the People; and not for profit, honor, or private interest of any one man, family, or class of men; therefore, the People alone have an incontestable, unalienable, and indefeasible right to institute government; and to reform, alter, or totally change the same, when their protection, safety, prosperity, and happiness require it.
So that the general, great, and essential principles of liberty and free government may be recognized and established we declare that the rights of the People enumerated in this Constitution are binding on the Federation, the individual States, the Seat of the Federation, all counties, all political subdivisions, and the territories or other protectorates except where provided for otherwise within this Constitution or by Article of Amendment. In any case or controversy in which an abridgment of such rights is alleged, no party shall be denied the opportunity to introduce evidence or otherwise show that a law, regulation or order is an unreasonable restriction on such rights and therefore is unconstitutional.
Only Citizens, permanent residents, and other persons who are legally in this nation are protected by this Constitution with the exception that specific rights, protections, or privileges that are expressly reserved, by law, for Citizens. This government is instituted and exercised for the benefit of the People and that all power is vested in, and consequently derived from, the People; that magistrates are their trustees and servants and at all times amenable to them. The rights of conscience, of bearing arms, of changing the government, are declared to be inherent in the People.
Illegal aliens, Citizens taking up arms against this nation in foreign lands, and all other persons not provided for by this Constitution shall not be protected by any constitutional rights nor have access to any court but only in a manner that Congress may, by law, provide for.
Congress shall make no law nor shall any Federal or State agency carry out or authorize any act that abridges or denies to any Citizen or groups of Citizens the rights, protections, and privileges afforded or guaranteed to any other Citizen by this Constitution except in the case of a Citizen who is incarcerated or on parole or probation in which case this Citizen's rights, protections, or privileges may be deferred for a period of time prescribed by Federal or State laws.
Any law that is repugnant to this Constitution is void and that the courts, as well as other branches, are bound by this Constitution and the only method to increase or diminish the powers or duties of the Federation shall be only by Article of Amendment to this Constitution.
The powers delegated by this Constitution to the Federal government are few and defined. Those which are to remain in the State governments are numerous and indefinite and if the Federal government assumes any undelegated powers those acts are unauthoritative, void, and of no force.
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