Ague: malaria or fever/chills
Air-swellings: tympanites; air or gas in the intestines
Anchylosis: stiff joints
Anidrosis: too little perspiration
Anthrax: a carbuncle or boil which is larger and more painful than a boil.
Aperient: a laxative
Apoplexy: stroke, affliction, disability, handicap
Arachnitis: inflammation of the arachnoid and pia mater which are membranes in the brain.
Ascites: dropsy of the belly; a collection of water in the stomach.
Barber's Itch: ring-worm of the beard
Bilious Colera: cholera characterized by abnormal feces; liver condition.
Bilious Colic: tortuous pain in the belly.
Black Plague: bubonic plague; carried by infected rats.
Blood Poisoning: septicernia, usually caused by trauma, surgery, or staphyloccus.
Bloody Flux or Dysentery: dysentery; inflammation of the large bowels; known as colitis.
Brain Fever: encephalitis, meningitis.
Bright's Disease of the Kidneys: albumen in the urine, technically known as albuminuria, caused by inflammation or injury to the kidneys.
Bronchorrhea: a bronchial flu.
Brown Tail Rash: an irritating, itching rash on the skin caused by small shedded hairs of the gypsy moth (or its caterpillar), carried by the wind and lodging in pores of the skin.
Brain Fever: intense headache; fever, vertigo, intolerence to light and sound.
Bronze John: see yellow fever.
Canker: gangrenous or ulcerous sore, to infect with corruption or decay; also cancer.
Carbuncle: a painful localized bacterial infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue that usually has several openings through which pus is discharged.
Catarrah: chincough, serious respiratory disease, rhinitis, sinusitis.
Cattle-Plague: a highly contagious disease affecting cattle.
Chiblains: a painful sore or swelling on the foot or hand caused by exposure to the cold.
Child-Bed Fever: puerperal fever; septicemia; blood poisoning during pregnancy.
Cholera Infantum: plague, acute gastroenteritis in infants occurring in summer and autumn and marked by severe cramps, diarrhea, and vomiting; caused by poor sanitation.
Consumption: tuberculosis of the lungs.
Creeping Paralysis: syphilis; sexually transmitted disease or metal poisoning.
Crusted Tetter: impetigo.
Debility: failure to thrive, seen in infants or elderly.
Dentition: teeth; death could be from infantile convulsions or infected teeth and gums.
Devonshire Colic: see Painter's Colic.
Dropsy: anasarca or edema; a collection of water in a large cavity.
Dropsy of the Brain: chronic hydrocephalus; an abnormal increase of fluid in the brain.
Dry-Belly Ache: see Painter's Colic.
Egyptian Chlorosis: hookworm.
Eclampsis: convulsions, usually due to childbirth or uremia.
False Measles: see Rose Rash.
Felon in the Eye: a stye, inflammation of one or more sebaceous glands of the eyelid, folk medicine: rub on the gall of an eel.
Flatulent Colic: see Wind Colic.
French Pox: veneral disease, syphilis, gonorrhea.
Galloping Consumption: aggressive TB.
Glandular Fever: infectious mononucleosis, common, acute, infectious disease, with fever, swollen lymph nodes, sore throat.
Green Sickness: chlorosis; a green tinge to the skin of a young girl in puberty; an iron deficiency.
Grippe: sharp pains in bowels, influenza.
Hemorrhage: massive bleeding, any cause.
Indican in the Urine: poisonous material being thrown back into the system.
Idrosis: greatly increased perspiration.
Infantile Debility: see Marasmus.
Infantile Spinal Paralysis: polio
King's Evil: scrofula, or swelling of the neck glands; tuberculosis of the lymphatic glands.
La Grippe: a form of influenza.
Lead Palsy: a sequel to Painter's Colic; muscles of the forearm are palsied from lead in the body.
Lumbago: rheumatic pain in the back.
Lung Fever: pneumonia.
Malignant Fever: fever with hemorrhagic skin rash; meningoccal infections, malaria, typhoid.
Mania: manifestation of manic-depressive illness, characterized by profuse and rapidly changing ideas, insanity.
Marasmus: infantile debility; condition wherein a child is unable to absorb nutrition from food.
Milk Crust: small red, itchy pimples on the face or scalp of infants or children which bursts and exudes a sticky fluid forming a yellow crust.
Milk Leg: phlebitis or inflammation in the leg beginning two to seven weeks after giving birth.
Milk Sickness: also known as trembles; a disease contracted by eating a plant which grows in level, heavyly-timbered, wet oakland (mainly in the West), or by eating meat wherin the animal has grazed upon such plants; Symptoms: nausea, vomiting, general debility, peculiar odor to the breath.
Mother's Marks: dilation of minute bloodvessels, varying in size, the smallest being the "spider mark".
Mortification: complete death of a part of the body changing it to a black, stinking mass.
Nervous Prostration: severe or incapacitating emotional disorder, marked by depression.
Osmidrosis: perspiration with a peculiar smell.
Ozaena: chronic complaint, allergy, hay fever, colic-chronic intestinal pains and constipation caused by lead poisoning.
Painter's Colic: also known as Devonshire colic or dry-belly ache; a form of colic experienced with slow lead poisoning.
Palsy: paralysis to any body part.
Pellagra: a disease caused by eating spoiled maize, symptoms begin with vomiting and diarrhea, followed by a swollen and sore tongue, and a red, ulcerated mouth, rash on the body, and body sores.
Pessary: a device worn in the vagina for birth control or to give support to a displaced uterus.
Phlebitis: tenderness or hardness of an infected vein; treatment with leeches or lotions.
Phthisis Pulmonakle: tuberculosis or consumption.
Plague/Black Death: bubonic plague, a general term used for any contagious epidemic disease but especially the Black Death.
Pleurisy: inflammation and mucus in the lungs.
Podagra: gout, especially of the big toe.
Pott's Disease: partial destruction of the vertebral bones, usually caused by tuberculosis.
Puerperal Fever: illness resulting from infection of the endometrium following childbirth; also called childbed fever.
Purple Disease: pupura hemorrhagica; a rash of spots on the body, small round and bright red, which changes to a purple color or dark-red spots in irregular, livid patches.
Putrid Fever: see Typhus Fever.
Pyemia: a form of blood poisoning from pus in the blood carried to various parts of the body.
Quinsy: tonsillitis or tonsil abscess.
Rose-Rash: "false measles" or roseola.
Rheumatism: inflammation of the joints.
Saint Vitus's Dance: chorea; nervous disorder which creats involuntary muscular contractions.
Sciatica: painful condition in the hip and/or thigh.
Scrofula: see King's Evil.
Scrumpox: a pastular disease of the skin.
Ship Fever: see Typhus Fever.
Sloes: an acute, now rare disease characterized by trembling, vomiting pain that affects those who eat dairy products or meat from a cow that has fed on white snakeroot; see also, Milk Sickness.
Softening of the Brain: dementia; mental changes due to syphilis, stroke, etc.
Spotted Fever: cerebro-spinal meninggitis.
St. Anthony's Dance: involuntary movements, tremor, tic, chorea, disease causing involuntary jerky movements of face, limbs, or whole body; usually a complication of rheumatic fever.
St. Anthony's Fire: erysipelas; infectious disease with inflammation of the skin and fever.
Stone Pock: acne.
Struma: a noncancerous enlargement of the thyroid gland, visible as a swelling at the front of the neck; also called goiter or scrofula.
Summer Complaint of Infants: vomiting and diarrhea; cholera in infants.
Swamp Sickness: see milk sickness; an acute disease characterized by trembling, vomiting, and severe intestinal pain affecting those who eat dairy products or meat from a cow that has fed on white snakeroot.
Throat Distemper: tonsillitis, diphtheria.
Typhus Fever: also known as Putrid Fever or Ship Fever; contagious disease transmitted to man by the bite of fleas, lice, etc.
Uremia: blood in the urine.
Water-Brash: pyrosis; similar to heartburn; belching of a thin, watery fluid.
Wind-Colic: also known as interalgia or flatulent colic; distressing pain in the bowels.
Wool Sorter's Disease: see Anthrax.
Yellow Jack or Yellow Fever: also known as Bronze John; infectious tropical disease transmitted by a yellow fever mosquito.