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Croatia Information

Croatia is where Mira Furlan was born. Here are a few more facts about her homeland.

Where is it Located?
Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia.

If I was to look on a map, Where would it be?
Ethnic Groups in Eastern Europe, Europe.

What is it's area?
Total area: 56,538 sq km
Land area: 56,410 sq km
Comparative area: slightly smaller than West Virginia

What are it's Land Boundaries?
Total 2,028 km, Bosnia and Herzegovina 932 km, Hungary 329 km, Serbia and Montenegro 266 km (241 km with Serbia; 25 km with Montenego), Slovenia 501 km.

Where and what is it's Coastline?
5,790 km (mainland 1,778 km, islands 4,012 km)

What is it's Maritime Claims?
Continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation

What are their International Disputes?
Ethnic Serbs have occupied UN protected areas in eastern Croatia and along the western Bosnia and Herzegovinian border

What is it's Climate?
Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast.

What is it's Terrain?
Geographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coast, coastline, and islands

What are it's Natural Resources?
Oil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, and salt.

What is it's Land Use?
Arable land: 32%
Permanent crops: 20%
Meadows and pastures: 18%
Forest and woodland: 15%
Other: 15%

What is it's Environment?
Current issues
Air pollution (from metallurgical plants) and resulting acid rain is damaging the forests; coastal pollution from industrial and domestic waste; widespread casualties and destruction of infrastructure in border areas affected by civil strife.
Natural hazards
Frequent and destructive earthquakes
International agreements
Party to - Air Pollution, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands; signed, but not ratified - Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification.
Also Note
Controls most land routes from Western Europe to Aegean Sea and Turkish Straits.

What is it's Population?
4,665,821 (July 1995 est.)
Age Structure:

  • 0-14 years: 19% (female 418,272; male 442,064)
  • 15-64 years: 68% (female 1,592,187; male 1,588,455)
  • 65 years and over: 13% (female 394,650; male 230,193) (July 1995 est.)
  • Population Growth Rate: 0.13% (1995 est.)
  • Birth Rate: 11.02 births/1,000 population (1995 est.)
  • Death Rate: 10.55 deaths/1,000 population (1995 est.)
  • Net Migration Rate: 0.77 migrant(s)/1,000 population (1995 est.)
  • Infant Mortality Rate: 8.4 deaths/1,000 live births (1995 est.)
  • Life Expectancy At Birth:
    Males: 70.59 years
    Females: 77.65 years

    What are their Religions?
    Catholic 76.5%
    Orthodox 11.1%
    Slavic Muslim 1.2%
    Protestant 0.4%
    others and unknown 10.8%

    What are their Languages?
    Serbo-Croatian 96%, Other 4%

    Mira Furlan: An Actress of Many Talents