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FRASES SUSTANTIVAS (noun phrases)

 

 

console keyboard

                                                                                      núcleo

 

 

teclado en consola

     núcleo

En inglés:

 

                                               MODIFICADOR    +     NÚCLEO

 


                                                    sentido de la modificación

 

 

En español:

 

                                              NÚCLEO     +      MODIFICADOR

 


                                                   sentido de la modificación

 

 

CONSIDER THESE PHRASES

a) Console keyboard:

b) System diskette :

c) Processing of information

d) Disk operating system:

e) Input device :

 

Exercise 1

 

Read these phrases

1.Theory and practice of data‑processing:

2. Hardware and software features:

3. The word processor:

4. Random access memory:

5. An easy writing method:

 

REMEMBER

*** Hay palabras "transparentes" pero no todas lo son.

*** La direccion de la lectura en inglés.

*** La dirección de la lectura cuando hay preposiciones en la frase o comienza con "the"

 

NOUN MODIFICATION

 

                                                                                                  1. Nouns as Adjectives

 

a) MULTIPLE PREMODIFICATION                                   2. Qualifiers

 

                                                                                                3. Hyphenated Items

 

 

 

                                                                                                 1. Past Participle

 

b)POSTMODIFICATION

 

                                                                                                 2. Present Participle (ing)

 

 

 

A. MULTIPLE PREMODIFICATION

 

            1. NOUNS AS ADJECTIVES

 


                         I

a. console display register

b. Clock signal generator

c. Programme address counter

d. Error list code

 

                            II

a. These console display registers

b. All the clock signal generators

c. Most programme address counters

d. Several error list codes


 

* input/output traffic control

* system operation reference manual

* data processing department organization

* IBM printer operation keys

* Microsoft BASIC error checking code

 

2. Qualifiers

 


                  I

a. automatic data processing

b. available machine time

c. central control until

d. central processing

 

                    II

a. Absolute value computer

b. accoustic delay time

c. addressless instruction format

d. advanced feed tape



3. Hyphenated items

 

a)            


               I

1. seven‑channel tape

2. 3.1‑inch tape

3. one‑dimension array

4. five‑inch width

5. two‑feet length

6. 40‑row record

                 

                 II

1. the seven‑channel tapes

2. many 3.1‑inch tapes

3. several one‑dimension arrays

4. a five‑inch width

5. a two‑feet length

6. most 40‑row record



 

b )

 


1. high‑speed storage

2. full‑time assignment

3. low‑frequency radio signal

4. real‑time processing

5. on‑line devices

6. off‑line operation

 

1. these high‑speed storages

2. Most full‑time assignments

3. Some low‑frequency radio signals

4. All real‑time processing

5. Both on‑Iine devices

6. Those off‑line operations


 

c)

 

* run‑time error messages

* fatal run‑time error messages

* run‑time error numbers

* on‑line compile‑time error messages

* compile macro‑assembler code

 

 

d)

 

* user‑defined function

* user‑written programme

* programmer‑specified disk identifier

* system‑specified reserved word

* character‑oriented cursor

* byte‑oriented procedures

 

B. POSTMODIFICATION

 

                                                         "ed" forms

 


1. Past Participle Forms

 

                                                         irregular forms

 

 

2. Present Participles Forms ("ing")

 

Los participios pasados ‑regulares e irregulares como así tambien las formas "ing" pueden posponerse al sustantivo y modificarlo. En realidad tanto los Participios Pasados como las formas "ing" constituyen, en la mayoría de los casos parte de una oración adjetiva cuyo sujeto y/o verbo se encuentran elípticos.

 

                                                     "ed'' forms

 

Past Participle

 

                                                      irregular forms

 

The Pascal/M compiler made by Sorcim is a one‑pass compiler.

                             (which is made)

 

 

‑ A programme consists of a programme heading followed by a programme block

                                                                      (which is followed)

 

Present Participle (''ing'' forms)

 

Programmers developing long application programmes face several problems.

             (who are developing)

 

 

‑TURBO. MSG is a text file containing error messages

                                        (which contains)

 

PRACTICE (EJERCITACIÓN)

 

1. An input/output management:

 

2. Multitasking operating systems:

 

3. Media manipulation:

 

4. None of the scheduling processes:

 

5. Batch jobs:

 

6. These functional requirements:

 

7. Named files:

 

8. The real time simulation:

 

9. Some long‑term storage:

 

10. The actual multiprogramming system:

 

11. University Computer Centers:

 

12. All the text editor programs:

 

13. Several logged‑on users:

 

14. Terminal users:

 

15. Most of the executable programs:

 

16. Main memory management:

 

17. Some cheap hardware equipment:

 

18. All of the memory access time:

 

19. Several complex data transfers:

 

20. High transfer rates:

 

21. A typical I/0 port:

 

22. The controller is divided in three functional layers: a )bus interface b) generic device controller c) device interface

 

23. Command registers are in charge of the Input/Output command transient between a Central Processing Unit and an input/output device.

 

24. user convenience and resource utilization are of secondary concern to real‑time system designers.

 

25. One of the primary objectives of multiuser systems is good terminal response time.

 

 

NOUN PHRASES: RULES

(FRASES SUSTANTIVAS: REGLAS)

 

EXTRA PRACTICE ON BASIC STRUCTURES OF THE NOUN PHRASE (inferring rules)

PRÁCTICA EXTRA CON ESTRUCTURAS BÁSICAS DE LA FRASE NOMINAL (inferencia de reglas)

 

 

A.

                                                                                    2              1

1. [Noun    +    Noun]                                      Batch processing: Procesamiento en lote

        2                  1

    3    2        1

2. [Noun +  Noun  +  Noun]                         input job streams

        3                     2                1         

 

 

B.

                                                                                  1           2

1.  Art.                                                  The requirements

     Dem. + Noun                                These files

     Ind.                                                   Some labels

       1                 2

 

  1       3       2

2. Art.                                                   The text editor

    Dem. + Noun + Noun This system call

    Ind.                                                    Both file names

      1                3               2  

 

  1       4     3        2

3. Art.                                                   The text file names

    Dem.+Noun+Noun+Noun       This network data package

    Ind.                                                    Every work file selection

      1              4             3            2

 

 

C.   

     2                 1

1. [Qualifier+Noun]                       Simple commands

2              1           

                                                                                  2           3                1

2. [Qual.+ Noun + Noun]              Full resource utilization

         2              3              1  

OR

     3             2          1

     [Qual.+ Noun + Noun]              Floppy disk drive

          3          2       1            

               

1                 3                2

3. Art.                                                   The

    Dem. + qual. + Noun                  These single commands

    Ind.                                                    Some

      1                3              2   

 

4. [Art.+Demo.+Qual.+Noun+Noun]      The quick terminal response