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MEN FROM MAINE WHOM WHERE GENERALS IN THE CIVIL WAR

 

 

Name AMES, Adelbert

Born October 31 1835, Rockland ME

Died April 13 1933, Ormand FL

Pre-War Profession Sailor, graduated West Point 1861.

War Service 1861 Lt. in artillery, First Bull Run (wounded) - Medal of Honor, Washington defences, Peninsula campaign, August 1862 Col. of 20th Maine, Antietam campaign, Fredericksburg, aide to Meade at Chancellorsville, May 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers commanding 2nd Bde/1 Divn/XI Corps, Gettysburg, with X Corps around Charleston, commanded a 3rd Bde/3rd Divn/XVIII Corps at Cold Harbor, Petersburg, commanded 2nd Divn/XXIV Corps, Fort Fisher.

Post War Career Army service, provisional governor of Mississippi, resigned US Army 1870, US senator, state governor, Spanish-American War.

Notes Post-war political activities marred his good War record.

 

Name BEAL, George Lafayette

Born May 21 1825, Norway ME

Died December 11 1896, Norway ME

Pre-War Profession Bookbinder, militia officer.

War Service May 1861 Capt. in 1st Maine, October 1861 Col. of 10th Maine, Cedar Mountain, Antietam (w), 1863 recruited 29th Maine - Col., commanded a brigade in XIX Corps in Red River campaign, served under Sheridan in Shenandoah Valley campaign, commanded a brigade in Winchester and Fisher's Hill, November 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.

Post War Career State adjutant general, state treasurer.

Name BERRY, Hiram Gregory

Born August 27 1824, Rockland ME

Died May 3 1863, Chancellorsville VA

Pre-War Profession Carpenter, bank president, politician, mayor, militia officer.

War Service June 1861 Col. of 4th Maine, First Bull Run, March 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Peninsula campaign, Seven Days, commanded 3rd Bde/1st Divn/III Corps at Fredericksburg, November 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Divn/III Corps at Chancellorsville (mortally wounded).

Name BLUNT, James Gillpatrick

Born July 21 1826, Trenton ME

Died July 27 1881, Washington DC

Pre-War Profession Sailor, doctor.

War Service July 1861 recruited the "Kansas Brigade" in which he commanded a cavalry regiment, April 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded Dept. of Kansas, Old Fort Wayne, commanded 1st Divn/Army of the Frontier, Prairie Grove, November 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, dismissed from command after his wagon train was attacked by guerillas, recruiting duty, opposed Sterling Price's Missouri raid, commanded Districts in Arkansas and Kansas.

Post War Career Doctor, claims agent.

Name BURNHAM, Hiram

Born c 1814, Cherryfield ME

Died September 9 1864, Chaffin's Bluff VA [Chapin's Farm]

Pre-War Profession Lumberman.

War Service July 1861 Lt. Col. of 6th Maine, December 1861 Col., Peninsula campaign, Antietam, Fredericksburg, commanded Light Divn/VI Corps at Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, April 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Bde/1st Divn/XVIII Corps at Petersburg (killed]

 

 

 

Name CALDWELL, John Curtis

Born April 17 1833, Lowell VT

Died August 31 1912, Calais ME

Pre-War Profession Teacher.

War Service November 1861 Col. of 11th Maine, appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers (April 1862) commanding 1st Bde/1st Divn/II Corps, Peninsula campaign, Fredericksburg (wounded), Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Mine Run, relieved of duty in Army of the Potomac March 1864.

Post War Career Lawyer, US consul in Valparaiso, US minister to Uruguay, US consul in Costa Rica.

Notes He served in the honor guard in the procession of Lincoln's body from Washington to Springfield.

Name CARLETON, James Henry

Born December 27 1814, Lubec ME

Died January 7 1873, San Antonio TX

Pre-War Profession Aroostook war, appointed to US Army 1839, Mexican war, scouting and exploring duty.

War Service August 1861 Col. of 1st California, led the California Column through Arizona, New Mexico and West Texas, April 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded Dept of New Mexico.

Post War Career Army service in the cavalry.

Name CHAMBERLAIN, Joshua Lawrence

Born September 8 1828, Brewer ME

Died February 24 1914, Portland ME

Pre-War Profession College professor

War Service August 1862 Lt. Col. of 20th Maine, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, May 1863 Col., Gettysburg (wounded) - Medal of Honor, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, promoted in the field to Brig. Gen. of Volunteers by Gen. Grant in June 1864, Petersburg (w), Five Forks, accepted the formal surrender of the ANV.

Post War Career Governor, college president, businessman, author.

Name CONNOR, Selden

Born January 25 1839, Fairfield ME

Died July 9 1917, Augusta ME

Pre-War Profession Student.

War Service May 1861 Pvt. in 1st Vermont, Big Bethel, Lt. Col. of 7th Maine, Peninsula campaign, Antietam, Fredericksburg (wounded), Gettysburg, Col. of 19th Maine, Wilderness (wounded), incapacitated, June 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, administrative duties.

Post War Career Internal revenue official, governor, pension agent.

Name COPELAND, Joseph Tarr

Born May 6 1813, Newcastle ME

Died May 6 1893, Orange Park FL

Pre-War Profession Lawyer, judge.

War Service August 1861 Lt. Col. in 1st Michigan Cavalry, Shenandoah Valley campaign, August 1862 Col. of 5th Michigan Cavalry, 2nd Bull Run, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded Michigan cavalry brigade in Washington defences, commanded draft depots, commanded a military prison.

Post War Career Hotelier.

Name DANA, Napoleon Jackson Tecumseh

Born April 15 1822, Eastport ME

Died July 15 1905, Portsmouth NH

Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1842, Mexican war, resigned 1855, banker, militia officer.

War Service October 1861 Col. of 1st Minnesota, Ball's Bluff, February 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 3rd Bde/2nd Divn/II Corps in Peninsula campaign, Antietam (wounded), November 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded defences at Philadelphia, served on Texas Gulf, commanded districts on the Mississippi River, commanded Dept of the Mississippi..

Post War Career Businessman, railroad executive, deputy commissioner of pensions.

 

 

Name DOW, Neal

Born March 20 1804, Portland ME

Died October 2 1897, Portland ME

Pre-War Profession Businessman, prohibitionist, mayor.

War Service November 1861 Col. of 13th Maine, New Orleans, April 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded forts below New Orleans, commanded Dist of Florida, commanded 1st Bde/2nd Divn/XIX Corps at Port Hudson (wounded,captured), exchanged for Rooney Lee March 1864, resigned because of poor health November 1864.

Post War Career Prohibitionist.

Notes Presidential candidate in 1880.

Name FESSENDEN, Francis

Born March 18 1839, Portland ME

Died January 2 1906, Portland ME

Pre-War Profession Lawyer.

War Service May 1861 Capt. in 19th US Infantry, Shiloh (wounded), September 1862 Col. of 25th Maine, defences of Washington, Col. of 30th Maine, Red River campaign, Pleasant Hill, Monett's Ferry (wounded), May 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, administrative duties, November 1865 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers.

Post War Career Army service, retired 1866, lawyer, mayor.

Notes Brother of James D Fessenden.

Name FESSENDEN, James Deering

Born September 28 1833, Westbrook ME

Died November 18 1882, Portland ME

Pre-War Profession Lawyer.

War Service November 1861 recruited a company which joined the 2nd US Sharpshooters, served on Gen. Hunter's staff, Charleston, served on Gen. Hooker's staff, Chattanooga, Atlanta campaign, August 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Bde/1st Divn/XIX Corps at Cedar Creek, garrison duty.

Name GROVER, Cuvier

Born July 29 1828, Bethel ME

Died June 6 1885, Atlantic City NJ

Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1850, frontier duty, Utah expedition.

War Service 1861 Capt. in 10th US Infantry, April 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 1st Bde/2nd Divn/III Corps in Peninsula campaign, Groveton, Second Bull Run, commanded 4th Divn/XIX Corps in Dept. of the Gulf, Port Hudson, Shenandoah Valley campaign, Winchester, Fisher's Hill, Cedar Creek (wounded), commanded Dist. of Savannah.

Post War Career Army service.

Name HAMLIN, Cyrus

Born April 26 1839, Hampden ME

Died August 28 1867, New Orleans LA

Pre-War Profession Lawyer.

War Service April 1862 Capt. on Fremont's staff, Cross Keys, February 1863 Col. of 80th US Colored Infantry, garrison duty at Port Hudson, commanded a district in Louisiana, December 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers.

Post War Career Lawyer, carpetbagger, died of yellow fever.

Notes Son of Vice President Hannibal Hamlin.

Name HATCH, Edward

Born December 22 1832, Bangor ME

Died April 11 1889, Fort Robinson NE

Pre-War Profession Lumber dealer, seaman.

War Service August 1861 Capt. in 2nd Iowa Cavalry, Col., New Madrid, Island No 10, siege and later battle of Corinth, served in Grierson's raid, raided in North Alabama and Tennessee (wounded), April 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded a 5th Divn/Cavalry Corps in Hood's Franklin and Nashville campaign.

Post War Career Army service, commanded Dept of the Southwest.

Name HAYES, Joseph

Born September 14 1835, South Berwick ME

Died August 19 1912, New York NY

Pre-War Profession Banker, civil engineer, real estate broker.

War Service August 1861 Maj. in 18th Massachusetts, Peninsula campaign, Lt. Col., Antietam, Fredericksburg, March 1863 Col., Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wilderness (wounded), May 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, Petersburg, captured in a raid on the Weldon Railroad, exchanged February 1865, commanded 1st Bde/2nd Divn/V Corps in Appomattox campaign.

Post War Career Mining businessman, broker.

Name HINCKS, Edward Winslow

Born May 30 1830, Bucksport ME

Died February 14 1894, Cambridge MA

Pre-War Profession Printer, politician.

War Service April 1861 2nd Lt. in 2nd US Cavalry, Lt. Col. of 8th Massachusetts, May 1861 Col., August 1861 Col. of 19th Massachusetts, Ball's Bluff, Peninsula campaign, Glendale (wounded), Antietam (wounded), November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, court martial and recruiting duty, prison camp commander, commanded 3rd Divn/XVIII Corps (a Negro division) at Petersburg, draft and recruitment duties.

Post War Career Army service, retired 1870, governor of soldiers' homes.

Name HOWARD, Oliver Otis

Born November 8 1830, Leeds ME

Died October 26 1909, Burlington VT

Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1854, teacher of mathematics at West Point.

War Service May 1861 Col. of 3rd Maine, June 1861 resigned Regular commission, commanded 3rd Bde/3rd Divn at First Manassas, September 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 1st Bde/1st Divn/II Corps in Peninsula campaign, Seven Pines (wounded), commanded 2nd Bde/2nd Divn/II Corps at Antietam, commanded 2nd Divn/II Corps at Fredericksburg, November 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded XI Corps at Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Chattanooga, commanded IV Corps in Atlanta campaign, commanded Army of the Tennessee in March to the Sea, Carolinas campaign, December 1864 Brig. Gen. in Regular Army.

Post War Career Headed the Freedmen's Bureau, helped establish Howard University, fought Indians, superintendent of West Point, commanded the Division of the East, retired 1894, educator.

Notes A Christian soldier.

Name HOWE, Albion Parris

Born March 13 1818, Standish ME

Died January 25 1897, Cambridge MA

Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1841, instructor at West Point, Mexican war, frontier and garrison duty, present at Harper's Ferry when John Brown arrived.

War Service 1861 Capt. in artillery, served under McClellan in Western Virginia, Peninsula campaign, commanded 1st Bde/1st Divn/IV Corps in Seven Days, June 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Bde/1st Divn/IV Corps at Second Manassas, South Mountain, Antietam, commanded 2nd Divn/VI Corps at Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, commanded the Artillery depot in Washington.

Post War Career Army service, served in honor guard over Lincoln's corpse, member of the commission which tried the conspirators, retired 1882.

Name INGALLS, Rufus

Born August 23 1818, Denmark ME

Died January 15 1893, New York NY

Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1843, Mexican war, quartermaster service.

War Service September 1861 Lt. Col. and aide to McClellan, July 1862 chief quartermaster of the Army of the Potomac, May 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, chief quartermaster of all armies around Richmond.

Post War Career Army service, quartermaster general, retired 1883.

Name JAMESON, Charles Davis

Born February 24 1827, Orono ME

Died November 6 1862, on a steamboat between Boston and Bangor

Pre-War Profession Lumber businessman, militia officer.

War Service May 1861 Col. of 2nd Maine, First Bull Run, September 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 1st Bde/3rd Divn/III Corps in Peninsula campaign, Seven Pines, contracted "camp fever" and returned to Maine.

Name NICKERSON, Franklin Stillman

Born August 27 1826, Swanville ME

Died January 23 1917, Boston MA

Pre-War Profession Customs official.

War Service June 1861 Maj. in 4th Maine, First Bull Run, Lt. Col., November 1861 Col. of 14th Maine, Baton Rouge, November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 1st Bde/2nd Divn/XIX Corps in Red River campaign, relieved of duty July 1864, resigned May 1865.

Post War Career Lawyer.

Name PRINCE, Henry

Born June 19 1811, Eastport ME

Died August 19 1892, London, England

Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1835, Seminole war, frontier duty, Mexican War, staff duty.

War Service April 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 2nd Bde/2nd Divn/II Corps at Cedar Mountain (captured), released December 1862, commanded 5th Divn/XVIII Corps at New Berne and Kingston, commanded 2nd Divn/III Corps in the pursuit of the ANV after Gettysburg, judged to have performed unsatisfactorily in the Mine Run campaign, commanded garrisons in Illinois, North Carolina and Georgia.

Post War Career Army service in paymaster's department, retired 1879.

Notes Committed suicide because he was worried about his health following wounds incurred in the Mexican War.

Name SCAMMON, Eliakim Parker

Born December 27 1816, Whitefield ME

Died December 7 1894, New York NY

Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1837, served in Topographical Engineers, Seminole war, Mexican war, survey duty, dismissed from the service in 1856 for disobedience and bad conduct, teacher.

War Service June 1861 Col. of 23rd Ohio, Carnifix Ferry, commanded a brigade in the Dist of the Kanawha, commanded 1st Bde/Kanawha Divn/IX Corps at Antietam, October 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded Dist of Kanawha, captured by guerillas, released after 6 months, commanded Dist of Florida.

Post War Career US consul in Canada, professor at Seton Hall.

Name SHEPLEY, George Foster

Born January 1 1819, Saco ME

Died July 20 1878, Portland ME

Pre-War Profession Lawyer, US district attorney for Maine.

War Service November 1861 Col. of 12th Maine, New Orleans, military governor of Louisiana, July 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded Dist of Eastern Virginia, military governor of Richmond.

Post War Career Lawyer, judge.

Name THOMAS, Henry Goddard

Born April 4 1837, Portland ME

Died January 23 1897, Oklahoma City OK

Pre-War Profession Lawyer.

War Service June 1861 Capt. in 5th Maine, First Bull Run, Capt. in 11th US Infantry, March 1863 Col. of 79th USCT, commanded 2nd Bde/4th Divn/IX Corps at Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Petersburg, commanded 2nd Bde/3rd Divn/IX Corps at Hatcher's Run, November 1864 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded 3rd Bde/1st Divn/XXV Corps at Petersburg.

Post War Career Army service in the infantry, paymaster's department, retired 1891.

 

Name TILLSON, Davis

Born April 14 1830, Rockland ME

Died April 30 1895, Rockland ME

Pre-War Profession Attended West Point but left when he lost his leg in an accident, politician, collector of customs.

War Service November 1861 Capt. in 2nd Maine Battery, Maj., Cedar Mountain, Second Bull Run, Lt. Col., November 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, chief of artillery in Dept. of the Ohio, defences of Cincinnati, Knoxville, commanded 4th Divn/XXIII Corps.

Post War Career Farmer, stone-mining business.

Name VINTON, Francis Laurens

Born June 1 1835, Fort Preble ME

Died October 6 1879, Leadville CO

Pre-War Profession West Point 1856, resigned immediately, student of mining engineering, drawing instructor.

War Service August 1861 Capt. in 16th United States, October 1861 Col. of 43rd New York, Peninsula campaign, September 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers - commission expired, commanded 3rd Bde/2nd Divn/VI Corps at Fredericksburg (wounded), March 1863 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, May 1863 resigned probably due to ill health.

Post War Career Professor of civil and mining engineering, mining engineer

Name WASHBURN, Cadwallader Colden

Born April 22 1818, Livermore ME

Died May 14 1882, Eureka Springs AR

Pre-War Profession Lawyer, US congressman, member of Washington peace conference.

War Service January 1862 Col. of 2nd Wisconsin Cavalry, July 1862 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers, November 1862 promoted Maj. Gen. of Volunteers, commanded the Dept. of West Tennessee, commanded Yazoo Pass expedition, directed a detachment of three divisions of XVI Corps during siege and capture of Vicksburg, commanded in the Dept. of the Gulf.

Post War Career US congressman, governor of Wisconsin, and organized Washburn, Crosby and Company (now General Mills) in Minneapolis.

Name WILLIAMS, Seth

Born March 22 1822, Augusta Me

Died March 23 1866, Boston MA

Pre-War Profession Graduated West Point 1842, garrison duty, Mexican war, adjutant at West Point, duty in adjutant general's department.

War Service August 1861 Maj., September 1861 appointed Brig. Gen. of Volunteers and adjutant general of the Army of the Potomac, inspector general to U.S. Grant.

Post War Career Adjutant general Military District of the Atlantic, died on active duty.