OVER POPULATION: Most of the Asian and African countries are overpopulated. Due to limited resourses and more mouths to feed, Children are employed in various forms of work. ILLITERACY:Illiterate parents do not realize the need for a proper physical,emotional and cognitive development of a child. As they are uneducated, they do not realize the importance of education for their children. POVERTY: Many a time poverty forces parents to send their children to hazardous jobs. Although they know it is wrong,they have no other alternative as they need the money. URBANIZATION: The Industrial Revolution has its own negative side. Many a time MNC's and export industries in the developing world employ whild workers, particularly in the garment industry. UNEMPLOYMENT OF ELDERS: Elders often find it difficult to get jobs. The industrialists and factory owners find it profitable to employ children. This is so because they can pay less and extract more work. They will also not create union problem. ORPHANS: Children born out of wedlock, children with no parents and relatives, often do not find anyone to support them. Thus they are forced to work for their own living. WILLINGNESS TO EXPLOIT CHILDREN: This is at the root of the problem Even if a family is very poor, the incidence of child labour will be very low unless there are people willing to exploit these children.