A unique cavalry raiding
civilisation, the Huns excel in cavalry. Cheap cavalry archers and access
to paladins, combined with the destructive effect the Hunish Tarkans have
on enemy building results in a civ, that is very strong since the moment
they reach Castle. They are slightly stronger in Castle than they are in
- Do not need houses but start with -100 wood
- Cavalry Archers cost -25% in Castle Age, -30% in Imperial
- Trebuchets +30% accuracy
Unique Unit: Tarkan (cavalry)
Unique Technology: Atheism (+100 years relic, wonder victories;
Spies/Treason costs -50%)
Team Bonus: Stables work 20% faster
were a nomadic people from around Mongolia in Central Asia that began
migrating toward the west in the third century, probably due to climatic
change. They were a horse people and very adept at mounted warfare, both
with spears and bows. Moving with their families and great herds of horses
and domesticated animals they migrated in search of new grasslands to
settle. Due to their military prowess and discipline, they proved
unstoppable, displacing all in their path. They set in motion a tide of
migration before them as other peoples moved to get out of their way. This
domino effect of large populations passed around the hard nut of
Constantinople and the Eastern
Roman Empire to spill over the Danube and Rhine Rivers, and ultimately
overwhelm the Western Roman Empire by 476.
Finding lands to their liking, the Huns settled on the Hungarian plain
in Eastern Europe, making their headquarters at the city of Szeged on the
Tisza River. They needed large expanses of grasslands to provide forage
for their horses and other animals. From this area of plains the Huns
controlled through alliance or conquest an empire eventually stretching
from the Ural Mountains in Russia to the Rhône River in France.
The Huns were superb horsemen, trained from childhood, and some believe
they invented the stirrup, critical for increasing the fighting power of a
mounted man charging with a couched lance. They inspired terror in enemies
due to the speed at which they could move, changing ponies several times a
day to maintain their advance. A second advantage was their recurved
composite bow, far superior to anything used in the West. Standing in
their stirrups, they could fire forward, to the sides, and to the rear.
Their tactics featured surprise, lightning attacks, and the ensuing
terror. They were an army of light cavalry and their political structure
required a strong leader to hold them to a purpose.
The peak of Hun power came during the rule of Attila, who became
a leader of the Huns in 433 and began a series of raids into south Russia
and Persia. He then turned his attention to the Balkans, causing
sufficient terror and havoc on two major raids to be bribed to leave. In
450 he turned to the Western Empire, crossing the Rhine north of Mainz
with perhaps 100,000 warriors. Advancing on a front of 100 miles, he
sacked most of the towns in what is now northern France. The Roman general
Aetius raised a Gallo-Roman army and advanced against Attila, who was
besieging the city of Orleans. At the major battle of Chalôns, Attila was
defeated, though not destroyed.
The defeat at Chalôns is considered one of the decisive battles of
history, one that could have meant collapse of the Christian religion in
Western Europe and perhaps domination of the area by Asian peoples.
Attila then invaded Italy, seeking new plunder. As he passed into
Italy, refugees escaped to the islands off the coast, founding, according
to tradition, the city of Venice. Though Roman forces were depleted and
their main army still in Gaul, the Huns were weak as well, depleted by
incessant campaigns, disease, and famine in Italy. At a momentous meeting
with Pope Leo I, Attila agreed to withdraw.
The Hun empire disintegrated following the death of Attila in 453 with
no strong leader of his ability to hold it together. Subject peoples
revolted and factions within their group fought each other for dominance.
They eventually disappeared under a tide of new invaders, such as the
Avars, and disappeared from history.