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CHRONOLOGY 1775 American Revolution process begins 1776 Adam Smith publishes Wealth of Nations 1777 Frederick II of Prussia stops Hessian mercenaries from crossing territory. Von Steuben arrives in America 1780 Catherine II of Russia, under influence of Vergennes from France, and Prussian ambassador, forms League of Armed Neutrality. 1783 Peace of Paris ends American Revolution 1787 Schiller publishes Don Carlos 1789 French Revolution 1791 Poland establishes lst Constitution in Europe in Revolution, involvement of Kosciesko. Alexander Hamilton issues Report on Manufacturers 1792 Russia takes Poland 1793 Execution of Louis XVI in France 1793-4 Reign of Terror in France; execution of Lavoisier, etc. 1794 Carnot, Monge and Chaptal come in to power in France. Chaptal a chemist, follower of Lavoisier. Invited to America by G. Washington -- meets Alexander Hamilton. Writes book in 1805 on The Industry of France. Later, Chaptal gives List Hamilton's book (1824) as List prepares to leave for America, to join Lafayette. 1794 Above form Ecole Polytechnique in France 1798 Malthus publishes book on Population 1799 Napoleon in power 1801 JQ Adams Ambassador in Prussia -- writes in diary about seeing Schiller plays: Don Carlos, Wallenstein, Cabale und Liebe 1804 Hamilton killed by Aaron Burr Von Humboldt in Philadelphia 1805 Schiller Dies 1805 Chaptal publishes book The Industry of France 1806 Battle of Jena -- Napoleon defeats Prussia. Prussian reformers, led by Baron von Stein come in. Schiller's networks. Wars of Liberation. 1809 Metternich becomes Foreign Minister of Austria 1812 US and Britain at war; creates American Navy. Napoleon defeated in Russia 1814 Brits burn White House Defeat Napoleon -- march into Paris Baron von Stein proposes protective tariff in Prussia -- 38 different German entities. Proposes eliminate tariffs and put up protective tariff against Britain. 1815 Congress of Vienna Holy Alliance -- Russia, Prussia and Austria Concert of Europe Cast of Characters: Metternich -- Austria Casterlaegh -- Britain Alexander I -- Russia Frederick Wilhelm -- Prussia Bourbons -- France March-June, 1815 100 Days of Napoleons return, ended by Waterloo 1815 Sylvanus Thayer and Winfield Scott come to Vienna, meet Von Humboldt -- take maps of Ecole Polytechnique back to America to form West Point, on model designed by Von Steuben. 1817 David Ricardo publishes book on Political Economy 1817 List appointed Professor at Tuebingen in Wuerttemberg after he makes proposals for reforms in civil service and state aid to industry. Mentor is Wangenheim; he is later forced out by Metternich. List begins correspondence with Von Cotta -- publisher of Schiller's works. 1818 Rothschild loan at 5% to Prussia; King calls for tax increase -- industrialists petition. 1819 Student demonstrations results in Carlsbad Decrees Prussian reformers forced to resign Economic collapse in Europe; banking panic in US List enters political scene in prominent way -- gets 5000 signatures on petition at Fair and forms Handelsverein. List meets Von Humboldt, reps of Von Stein 1820 Constitutional Revolts in Spain, Naples, and Canning makes proposal to US to join Britain against interventionist policy of Holy Alliance. Offers support to Spanish Revolutionaries if they give Britain right to Cuba and possibly Puerto Rico. List later exposes fraud of Canning's "liberal" guise in his letters to Ingersoll. List denounced as "dangerous revolutionary" by Austrian ministers; loses chair at university. Accused of "acting in interests of foreign state" and "corruption" -- forced to resign from Handelsverein. List says: "I planted a seed from which a constitution may grow." List elected to Wuerttemberg assembly -- proposes state credit for industry; easing taxes; annual budget. Thrown off and given 10 month sentence in prison. 1822 Canning in as British Foreign Minister List proposes to Von Cotta that he publish Chaptal's book in German 1823 France intervenes in Spain. Monroe Doctrine - rejection of Canning's offer Lafayette's letter to Adams -- attacks "Unholy Alliance", but warns against US becoming a "cock boat to a British man-of-war". Lafayette invited to tour US List serves sentence, agrees to lose citizenship, and leaves for America to join Lafayette on his tour. Goes to Paris before he leaves -- given Hamilton's book by Chaptal. 1825 Erie Canal completed after 10 years in US. Lafayette tours. Joined by List. Von Motz begins internal improvement in Germany Election of JQAdams president of US, vs. Jackson 1826 List writes for German language weekly in Pennsylvania -- the Readington Adler -- attacks Holy Alliance 1827 List writes to Ingersoll, head of Pennsylvania Society of Manufacturers -- later these letters are published as "The American System of Economics" 1828 US passes Tariff of 1828 -- demonstrations Von Cotta negotiates for enlargening customs unions in Germany Von Cotta founds Augsberger Allegemaine Zeitung, newpaper, that List and Henrich Heine write for. 1830 Revolutions in Europe: July Revolution in France, puts in King Louis Philippe after Lafayette Republican move shelved. Citizen King Polish Revolution. Lafayette attempts to support. Edgar Alan Poe volunteers, Chopin supports, later Marie Curie Holy Alliance agrees to partition Poland. Belgium formed, revolts from Deutch. List had been in prison in Ausberg with Belgian patriot. 1831 Prussian Treaty with Belgium, ends Dutch Naval monopoly List in France. Writes detailed program for French economy -- including national credits for development, commercial banks, railroads 1832 List appointed US consul to Hamburg. Appointment rejected, he is told by US Ambassador Martin Van Buren. 1834 List appointed US consul to Leipzig. Fairs there. Friendship with Schumanns who live there. Jan 1: Zollverein formed. Initially 18 members. 1837 List returns to France; private meetings with Louis Phillipe for development of France. Similar plans for Belgium (proposed railroad from Belgium to India). French proposals considered "fantastic" (ie unreal) by Louis' advisors. 1841 List writes National System of Political Economy. Bitterly attacked by British press. Goes into 3 editions in first few months. Published in French, Hungarian, etc. 1844 List's "The Politics" published. Attacks "crafty and spiteful commercial policy of England." For Germany, proposes: thoroughly efficient transport facilities by river, canal, and railway under united management -- creation of a German fleet and the adoption of a universal German flag -- founding of German colonies abroad -- national supervision of emigration -- estab. of German foreign consulates -- regular line of German steamships -- commercial treaties with US, Holland, etc. Outrage in Britain Inclusion of Belgium in Zollverein 1846 British controversy around lifting Corn Laws List goes to Britain to assess situation 1847 List dies, a supposed suicide.
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