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For thousands of years ancient Egypt was ruled by royal families. We know much about the pharaohs and queens from these great dynasties because of their magnificent tombs and the public monuments raised in their honor.

Egypt's first ruler was King Narmer, who united the country in about 3,100 B.C.. Later pharaohs such as Zoser and Khufu are remembered for the great pyramids they had built as their tombs.

Pharaohs usually succeeded to the throne through royal birth. However, in some cases military commanders such as Horemheb came to power. Although Egypt's ruler were traditionally men, a few women were made pharaoh. The most famous of these in the Greek queen Cleopatra VII, who ruled Egypt in 51 B.C.


Khafra
(reigned 2558 - 2532 B.C.)
Khafra was the son of the pharaoh Khufu.He is
remembered for his splendid
tomb, the Second Pyramid at Giza
and the Great Sphinx that guards it.




Amenhotep I
(reigned 1525-1504 B.C.)
The pharaoh Amenhotep I led the Egyptian
army to battle in Nubia.He also
founded the workmen's village at Deir el-Medina.




Hatshepsut
(reigned 1498-1483 B.C.)
Hatshepsut has de half-sister and wife
of Thutmose II.When her husband died, she
was appointed to rule Egypt until her young
stepson Thutmose III was old enough. However
Queen Hatshepsut was ambitious and had herself
crowned pharaoh.Hatshepsut is famous for her
traiding expeditions to the land
of Punt. The walls of her temple at Deir el-Bahri show these
exotic tips




Thutmose III
(reigned 1479-1425 B.C.)
Thutmose III is remembered as a brave warrior king
He launched many military campaigns against the Syrians
in the Near East. Records from the time tell of
Thutmose marching fearlessly into battle
at the head of his army, unconcerned about his own safety.He won a
famous victory at Megiddo and then later al Kadesh.
Thutmose III was buried in the valley
of the Kings




Tutankhamun
(reigned 1334-1325 B.C.)
This pharaoh came to the throne when he was only
nine years old. He died at the age of 18.
Tutankhamun is remembered for his tomb in the Valley
of the Kings, wich was packed
with amathing treasure.




Ankhenaten
(reigned 1379-1334 B.C.)
The egyptians believed in many gods. However,
when Anhenaten came to power, he
introduced worship of one god,
the Sun disc Aten.
he moved the capital from Memphis
to Akhetaten (now known as el-Amarna).
His chief wife was the beautiful
Queen Nefertiti




Ramsses II
(reigned 1279-1212 B.C.)
One of the most famous pharaohs
of all Ramsses II,
was the son of Seti I. He buitl many
fine temples and defeated the Hittites at the
battle of Kadesh in 1274 B.C.
The chief queen of Ramsses was Nefertari.
Carvings of this beautiful queen can be seen
on Ramsses II's temple at Abu Simbel.
Ramsses lived a long life and died
at the age of 92. He was buried
in the Valley of the Kings.



See Priest, Polician and God.