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GEORGIAN ALPHABET

ქართული  ანბანი

 

        By Giorgi Qvelashvili

                    Georgians have been employing their own original script at least since the 5th century A.D. Some scholars argue though that the Georgian writing system had emerged more than nine centuries before that date. Several historical documents ascribe the introduction of the Georgian Alphabet to king Parnavaz of Georgia who reigned in the 4th century B.C. Not surprisingly, there have been serious debates among linguists and historians, hypothesizing that this powerful and one of the most erudite rulers of his time did only enhance the existing Georgian script rather than created the new one, per se. Nevertheless, From the three indigenous exemplars (products of the millennial evolution of the primordial alphabet), only one Mkhedruli i.e. Civic or Secular remains currently in actual public use serving as a bona fide written format of the modern Georgian language. The other two variants are clad in a sacral and mysterious nebula and convey the glorious history of the Georgian people, like a solid liaison with the past. The fact, that they have been embraced by the Georgian Apostolic Church, further emphasizes their magnificence. The elder one’s name is Asomtavruli and the younger one is yclept Nuskhuri_ eloquent witnesses of pre-Christian and Christian cultures of Georgia.A great variety of astronomical and mathematical data, as well as astrological mysticism are carefully concealed in sequence, physical contours and numerical definitions of Asomtavruli letters. Few succeeded in deciphering their codes and the revelations are downright astonishing.

                 From a technical and utilitarian standpoint of an everyday patron, too, the reasons are more than enough why we cherish our highly sophisticated and at the same time magically simple Kartuli anbani _ the Georgian Alphabet: No bars and dots, no uppercases and lowercases, no dubious or multiple meanings, no combinations, no numb, short or long vowels. Each Georgian sound has an exact graphic match. In other words, a particular sound corresponds to the only letter. Consequently, the spelling is dead easy. Among other virtues, this feature is conspicuously (maybe even uniquely?) characteristic to the Georgian writing system.

Mkhedruli

-a-b -g -d-e v-z-th -i-k -l -m-n -o -p -jh -r -s -t -u -ph -kh -gh-q -sh -ch-c -dz-c.-ch. -x -j -h

Asomtavruli

ႠႡႢႣႤႥႦႧႨႩႪႫႬႭႮႯႰႱႲႳႴႵႶႷႸႹႺႻႼႽႾႿჀჁჂჃჄჅ

Nuskhuri

აბგდევზთიკლმნოპჟრსტუფქღყშჩცძწჭხჯჰჱჲჳჴჵ