Table 1. A Comparison of Some Salient Features of Selected Countries

                   
  USA Japan Germany Brazil Turkey Korea (Rep. of) China Pakistan India
                   
Teledensity (main lines per 100 pop)

62.6

48.7

49.4

7.5

21.2

41.5

3.4

1.6

1.3

Estimated Teledensity 2000

74

56

70

10.6

44

62

23

3.9

3.1

Household Penetration (%)

113%

97%

85%

21%

75%

104%

5%

7%

5%

Population (m)

263

125

82

159

61

45

1,200

130

929

Cellular subscribers (m)

33.80

10.20

3.75

1.29

0.44

1.64

3.63

0.004

0.14

Internet subscribers (m)

10.00

0.90

1.50

0.20

0.05

0.29

0.01

neg

0.001

GDP per capita (purchasing power parity; ‘000 US$)

26. 98

22. 11

20. 07

5. 4

5. 58

11. 45

2. 92

2. 23

1. 4

Life expectancy (years)

77

80

76

67

67

72

69

60

62

Tertiary enrolment in applied and natural sciences as percentage of total tertiary enrolment

17%

22%

39%

22%

23%

40%

47%

n/a

26%

Notes: Tertiary enrolment data is for 1992; other data is for 1995.

 

 

 

 

Table 2. Pattern of Telephone Use in India, 1993-95

 

(Based on data on subscribers/calls billed in Ahmedabad, Bangalore,

Calcutta, Chennai, Delhi, Lucknow and Pune)

 

                   
Number of Calls (Bi-monthly)

0

1 - 150

151 –500

501 – 1,000

1,001 – 2,000

2,001 – 5,000

5,001 – 10,000

> 10,000

Totals

                   
Distribution of Subscribers

93-94

3.4%

14.4%

35%

20.4%

13.4%

7.9%

2.7%

2.8%

100%

Distribution of Subscribers

94-95

3.4%

13.6%

35.5%

20.9%

13.4%

7.7%

2.7%

2.8%

100%

                   
Share of Total Calls Made

93-94

0%

0.7%

6.3%

8.6%

11%

14.1%

11.2%

48.1%

100%

Share of Total Calls Made

94-95

0%

0.7%

6.4%

8.9%

11.1%

13.9%

11%

48.1%

100%

Note: The number of calls made include the STD calls, which are converted in terms of the number of calls made in the local area, on the basis of the pulse rates used to define per call.

Source: Department of Telecommunications, India.

 

Table 3. Telephone Demand in India, Actual and Projected

 

 

Direct Exchange Lines

(DEL)

Lakhs

Telephone Waiting List

Lakhs

     
ACTUAL    
1990-91

50.75

19. 61
1991-92 58. 1

22. 87

1992-93 67. 97

28. 46

1993-94 80. 26

24. 97

1994-95 97. 95

21. 53

1995-96 119. 78

22. 77

1996-97 144.3 33. 4
     
ANTICIPATED DEMAND    
1999-2000

280. 9

 
     
2004-2005

602. 9

 
     
2006-2007

818. 3

 

Source: Department of Telecommunications, India.

 

Table 4. Periodicity of National STD Pulses in Seconds Per Unit Call, and the Comparative Charges Calls Covering Different Distances in India

 

 

Radial distance between two exchanges or between any two long-distance charging centres

(in Kms.)

Periodicity of the Pulse in Seconds

(full rate, i.e. peak rate)

Comparative Charge for Calls of the Same Duration for Different Distances

(charge for 0 to 20 kms. taken as Re. 1 for a three minute call)

     
0 to 20

180

1

21 to 35

90

2

36 to 50

36

5

51 to 100

12

15

101 to 200

8

22.5

201 to 500

4

45

501 to 1,000

3

60

Above 1,000

2

90

 

Source: Department of Telecommunications, India

 

Table 5. Charge for Local Calls in Rural and Non-Rural Areas

 

 

RURAL AREA NON-RURAL AREA

Number of calls made

Price per call

(Rs.)

 

Number of calls made

Price per call

(Rs.)

         
Upto 250

Free

 

Upto 100

Free

251 to 450

0.6

 

151 to 500

0.8

451 to 500

0.8

     
501 to 1,000

1

 

501 to 1,000

1

1,001 to 2,00

1.2

 

1,001 to 2,000

1.2

More than 2,000

1.4

 

More than 2,000

1.4

 

 

Source: Department of Telecommunications, India

 

Table 6. Concession in National STD Tariffs Provided For Non-Peak Times In Comparison to Peak Time Rates

 

 

Radial distance between two exchanges or between any two long-distance charging centres

(in Kms.)

Off-Peak Period:

(weekdays 7 to 8 a.m., and 7 to 8:30 p.m.;; Sundays and national holidays 7 a.m. to 8:30 p.m.)

Off-Peak Period:

Sundays and National Holidays

(6 to 7 a.m., and 8:30 to 11 p.m.)

Off-Peak Period:

Everyday

(11 p.m. to 6 a.m.)

       
0 to 35

No concession

No concession

No concession

36 to 50

Rate of full rate

Rate of full rate

Rate of full rate

51 to 100

Rate of full rate

Rate 1/3 of full rate

Rate of full rate

101 to 200

Rate of full rate

Rate 1/3 of full rate

Rate 1/4.5 of full rate

Above 200

Rate of full rate

Rate 1/3 of full rate

Rate of full rate

 

Source: Department of Telecommunications, India

 

Table 7. Tariff Structure for Peak Time and Non-Peak Time

National STD Calls

 

(Calculated on the assumption that peak rate for a three minute call within 0 to 20 kms. radius costs Re. 1; non-peak rates derived on the basis of this assumption and Table 6)

 

Radial distance between two exchanges or between any two long-distance charging centres

(in Kms.)

Peak rate per three minute call

(assuming Re. 1 for such a call in range 0 to 20 kms.)

Off-Peak Rates

(weekdays 7 to 8 a.m., and 7 to 8:30 p.m.;; Sundays and national holidays 7 a.m. to 8:30 p.m.)

Off-Peak Rates

Sundays and National Holidays

(6 to 7 a.m., and 8:30 to 11 p.m.)

Off-Peak Rates

Everyday

(11 p.m. to 6 a.m.)

         
0 to 20

1

1

1

1

21 to 35

2

2

2

2

36 to 50

5

3.75

3.75

3.75

51 to 100

15

7.50

5

3.75

101 to 200

22.50

11.25

7.50

6.40

201 to 500

45

22.50

15

11.25

501 to 1,000

60

30

20

15

Above 1,000

90

45

30

22.50

 

Source: Based on data provided by the Department of Telecommunications, India

 

Table 8. Bi-monthly Rentals in Rural and Non-Rural Areas

(Rs.)

 

 

Capacity of Exchange System

(Number of Lines)

Rural

(Rs.)

Non-Rural

(Rs.)

     
Less than 100

100

100

100 to 999

100

150

1,000 to 29,999

200

200

30,000 to 99,999

275

275

1 lakh to below 3 lakhs

360

360

3 lakhs and above

380

380

 

Source: Department of Telecommunications, India

 

Table 9. Comparison of the National STD and Operator-Assisted Trunk Call Tariffs

 

(1)

Radial distance between two exchanges or between any two long-distance charging centres

(in Kms.)

(2)

Trunk Call Charges

(call for three minutes or less; Rs.)

(3)

Comparative Charge for Calls of the Same Duration, But Covering Different Distances

(Full rate, assuming Re. 1 charged for a three minute call with pulse 180 in the range 0 to 20 kms.)

(4)

Difference between columns (2) and (3)

       
0 to 20

5

1

4

21 to 35

8

2

6

36 to 50

8

5

3

51 to 100

20

15

5

101 to 200

30

22.5

7.5

201 to 500

50

45

5

501 to 800

65

60

5

801 to 1,000

85

60

25

1,001 to 1,200

85

90

- 5

Above 1,200

90

90

0

 

Source: Department of Telecommunications, India

 

Table 10. Periodicity of International Subscriber Dialing Pulses in Seconds

 

 

Countries Covered Normal Pulse Rate Per Unit Call

(6 a.m. to 11 p.m.)

Concessional Pulse rate

(11 p.m. to 6 a.m.)

     
SAARC Countries and Other Neighbouring Countries 2 2.6
Countries In Africa, Europe, Gulf, Asia and Oceania 1.2 1.6
All Countries in the American Continent & Other Places in Western Hemisphere 1 1.2

 

Source: Department of Telecommunications, India

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