Highlands Ranch High School - Mr. Sedivy
Highlands Ranch, Colorado
- Colorado History -
Colorado's Role in the US Civil War
Colorado and the Civil War
Nathan Coriel, the first man who attempted to volunteer for the Union
Army in the Civil War, was from Denver. When the war broke out, most
of the U.S. Army was located in the west. During the spring of 1861,
almost the whole army was in the West to protect it from Indians.
A US officer and a frontiersman examine the corpe of
a hunter scalped by Cheyennes. (The Indian revenge for Sand Creek
was so bloody that 8,000 troops were pulled from the Civil War and
All of the garrisons out here quickly depleted and headed to their
home states to serve in the Confederacy and Union. The enlisted men
just went A-W-O-L. To further complicate the situation in the West,
the Union was terrified that the South would take over Washington
D.C. So the Union called back every soldier they could and the West
was left defenseless.
A Union recruiter swears in new Indian recruits.
Colorado only had two military bases because the Indians (Ute, Cheyenne,
Arapaho) were mostly at peace with the white man. The oldest fort
(1850s) was Fort Garland in the San Luis Valley.
Fort Garland drawn in 1859 by C. H. Alden, the Surgeon
General stationed at the fort.
Fort Garland published in Harper's New Monthly Magazine
Thomas Tobin, a scout for the US Army
Thomas Tobin was asked by Colonel Tappan of Fort Garland
to bring in the heads of the Espinosas. The Espinosas had been on
a killing spree to rid the area of Anglos. Tobin carred out his orders.
Fort Wise / Fort Lyon
Along the Arkansas River east of Pueblo, was Fort Wise. Fort Wise
was originally a trading post. Fort Wise was named after the Governor
of Virginia (Henry Wise) in hopes that he would stay with the Union.
When Virginia joined the South, they renamed it Fort Lyon, after the
first Union General killed in the war.
An early sketch shows Fort Lyon with Bent's New Fort
on the hill in the background.
US troops stationed at Fort Lyon in 1844.
Fort Lyon, Colorado Territory.
Indians usually made peace in the Fall, camping near
forts where government rations, guns, and ammunition where available.
But, the treaties were usually broken with the coming of Spring.
Gilpin the first Territorial Governor, was a realist. All of the Southerners
in Colorado started buying up guns and ammo, and Southerners were
disappearing. It was assumed they were heading south to join the Confederates.
Colorado's Role in the US Civil War:
| The Civil War, Fort Wise / Fort Lyon
| Mace's Hole, Colonel Canby, F.C.V.R.
| Fort Weld |
| The Pet Lambs, John Chivington |
| General Henry Sibly, Battle of Valverde,
Fort Union |
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- Colorado History In Depth
Lecture Notes, Reading, and Information:
| The Cheyenne Migration
to Colorado |
| The Gratlan Affair, Massacre, Fort Laramie
The Cheyenne Social Club
| A Cheyenne War Story: Wolf Road, the Runner
| Cheyenne Traditions and Beliefs, Sacred
| Horses, Warriors, War Pipe, Sweatlodge
| Cheyenne War Parties and Battle Tactics
| The Scalp Dance and Other Cheyenne Dances
| The Sante Fe Trail and Fort Union |
| Sumner - Ninth Military Department / The
First Fort Union |
| Early Arrivals to Fort Union, Daily Life
at Fort Union |
| Captain Grover - The New Fort Union, the
Confederate Threat |
| Fort Union Arsenal, William Shoemaker,
End of Fort Union |
Americans from the East
| Thomas Jefferson, the Louisiana Purchase
| The Expedition of Zebulon Pike |
| Pikes Peak or Bust / Colorado Gold Rush
Cripple Creek District Labor Strikes
| The Western Federation of Miners / State
| The 1893 - 1894 Strike | The
Strike of 1903 - 1904 |
| The Mine Owners Association |
| Crimes and Military Rule in the Cripple
Creek District |
| Marshall Law in Cripple Creek District
/ End of the Strike |
Early Cripple Creek District
| Photos, Fire, and Life in Cripple Creek
| Other Colorful Towns in the Cripple Creek
Gillett - Colorado's Only Bullfight, Victor, Independence |
| A Guide to the Miners' Gritty Lingo
More Colorado History
| Bent's Fort Photos, Personalities, Plans,
and More |
| What Was Easter Like at Bent's Fort?
| Colorado Trivia,
Miscellaneous Old Photos,
Western Personalities, Forts, and More |
| Lullabies for Jittery Cows - Cowboy Ballads
| Heraldry of the Branding Iron |
Aims to Clear Infamous Cannibal, Alferd Packer |
| Lead Gives Alferd
Packer's Story More Weight |
Colorado Love Stories: Baby Doe Tabor & More
| Colorado Pioneer Women: Elizabeth Byers
| Early Denver Jokes / The History of April
Fools' Day |
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