Highlands Ranch High School - Mr. Sedivy
Highlands Ranch, Colorado
- Colorado History -
Colorado's Role in the US Civil War
General Henry Sibly
The main threat to the West would become El Paso (Franklin) at Fort
Bliss. The Confederates were assembling a garrison of Texans (about
3500). They were under General Henry Sibly. He pushed the plans to
Left: General Henry Sibly wearing the Confederate uniform,
after leaving the Union Army.
Right: How a tipi was constructed. Click
the tipi for a more detailed diagram.
Before the war, he created the Sibly Tent - a pointed tent. (He stole
his idea from the Indians.) He also created the Sibly stove.
Sibly was placed in command because he was familiar with the territory.
He had 3000-3500 Texans assembled and threatening the Union. In early
1862, they started marching north, went up to Arizona and took over
Tucson. The majority marched up the Rio Grande working ultimately
Fort Craig / Fort Throne
Canby (Union) called all Union troops south of Fort Craig to come
to Fort Craig where he had set up his headquarters. They would assemble
there to take on the Texans. The troops were worried about the Sutlers
store supplies. (I.e. whiskey!)
Old Whiskey Bottles. These bottles were dug during
the NPS excavations at Bent's Old Fort.
So the soldiers at Fort Throne grabbed all the whiskey to take up
to Fort Craig. They got caught by the Confederacy. (They were off
to a bad start!)
Battle of Valverde
On February 21, the "Pet Lambs" marched south to join the troops not
going to Valverde. Canby meanwhile had set up a block at Valverde.
He had about 3800 soldiers and volunteers. The Battle of Valverde
was a huge confederate victory for the Texans. Canby got his butt
kicked. Dodge's Company did okay and killed 72 of 75 Texans.
Left: Sergeant Alexander Coker of the 2nd Texas Mounted
Right: Private Bates of the Texas Mounted Volunteers.
Bates and his comrades of the Texas Mounted Volunteers
vowed to "fight as long as Sibly said fight," one of them
declared after their defeat at Glorieta Pass, "but the moment
he said surrender, they were going...into the mountains and make their
way to Texas."
One Confederate volunteer remembered of the rebel triumph
"We charged them with a yell,
we turned their tactics upside down, and gave the regulars hell."
Fort Union - Lancers on March 10
After a 400-mile march in only thirteen days, the "Pet Lambs" arrived
at Fort Union. (Fort Union was the key to the West and the supply
depot to the military west.) If the south could get Fort Union, they
could probably easily get Colorado.
Drawing of Fort Union soon after the military post
This illustration appeared in "El Gringo" or New Mexico
and Her People in 1857.
Fort Union was built for the Indian warfare, not the artillery of
the Texans. The "Pet Lambs" were rewarded with a ten-day rest. They
raided the Sutlers store and spent ten days on a wild dunk. Colonel
Slough gets put in charge of the whole...
Colorado's Role in the US Civil War:
| The Civil War, Fort Wise / Fort Lyon
| Mace's Hole, Colonel Canby, F.C.V.R.
| Fort Weld |
| The Pet Lambs, John Chivington |
| General Henry Sibly, Battle of Valverde,
Fort Union |
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- Colorado History In Depth
Lecture Notes, Reading, and Information:
| The Cheyenne Migration
to Colorado |
| The Gratlan Affair, Massacre, Fort Laramie
The Cheyenne Social Club
| A Cheyenne War Story: Wolf Road, the Runner
| Cheyenne Traditions and Beliefs, Sacred
| Horses, Warriors, War Pipe, Sweatlodge
| Cheyenne War Parties and Battle Tactics
| The Scalp Dance and Other Cheyenne Dances
| The Sante Fe Trail and Fort Union |
| Sumner - Ninth Military Department / The
First Fort Union |
| Early Arrivals to Fort Union, Daily Life
at Fort Union |
| Captain Grover - The New Fort Union, the
Confederate Threat |
| Fort Union Arsenal, William Shoemaker,
End of Fort Union |
Americans from the East
| Thomas Jefferson, the Louisiana Purchase
| The Expedition of Zebulon Pike |
| Pikes Peak or Bust / Colorado Gold Rush
Cripple Creek District Labor Strikes
| The Western Federation of Miners / State
| The 1893 - 1894 Strike | The
Strike of 1903 - 1904 |
| The Mine Owners Association |
| Crimes and Military Rule in the Cripple
Creek District |
| Marshall Law in Cripple Creek District
/ End of the Strike |
Early Cripple Creek District
| Photos, Fire, and Life in Cripple Creek
| Other Colorful Towns in the Cripple Creek
Gillett - Colorado's Only Bullfight, Victor, Independence |
| A Guide to the Miners' Gritty Lingo
More Colorado History
| Bent's Fort Photos, Personalities, Plans,
and More |
| What Was Easter Like at Bent's Fort?
| Colorado Trivia,
Miscellaneous Old Photos,
Western Personalities, Forts, and More |
| Lullabies for Jittery Cows - Cowboy Ballads
| Heraldry of the Branding Iron |
Aims to Clear Infamous Cannibal, Alferd Packer |
| Lead Gives Alferd
Packer's Story More Weight |
Colorado Love Stories: Baby Doe Tabor & More
| Colorado Pioneer Women: Elizabeth Byers
| Early Denver Jokes / The History of April
Fools' Day |
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