Highlands Ranch High School - Mr. Sedivy
The Middle Ages -
Tactics and Techniques
During a siege, a knight was to wait while the others scaled the walls, dug tunnels, etc. The knight waited until he could enter the castle and engage in battle. Knights did not always fight to the death. The Church and the Code of Chivalry put the emphasis on capturing and treating an opponent honorably. Capture was more profitable, as it allowed for the ransoming of the captured knight.
Code of Chivalry
The basic weapons of a knight were the lance, the broadsword, and the shield (until full body armor made the shield obsolete). Other weapons included the "mace," a heavy medieval war club with a spiked or flanged metal head, used to crush armor. The "flail" was a manual threshing device consisting of a long wooden handle or staff, and a shorter free-swinging stick attached to its end. The "war hammer" and "battle axe" were also used by knights.
The Code of Chivalry was developed to control the violent nature of knights.
During the Middle Ages, a knight in full armor was hard to recognize because his face was hidden by his helmet. Knights began to use special designs worn on their shields and surcoats. These designs became special family emblems, a coat-of-arms that no one else could wear. The officials who kept records of the coats-of-arms and awarded new ones were called Heralds. The College of Heralds in London still does this.
What Signifies What?
Blue - Loyalty and truth.
Silver - Peace and sincerity.
Purple - the majestic color of justice; the color of royalty.
Chevron - the V-shaped symbol of Protection. Often a reward for notable achievement and faithful service.
Crescent - half-moon shape with upturned horns and means faith and hope.
Eagle - represents speed and wisdom.
Fleur De Lies - denotes valor, faith, and wisdom.
Greyhound - represents courage, vigilance, loyalty, and fidelity.
Griffin - a mythical beast with the body of a lion and the head of an eagle. Represents perseverance, vigilance, and valor.
Hawk - represents someone who is vigorous in the pursuit of their objective.
Leopard - represents a warrior of courage and valor.
Lion - represents strength, courage, generosity, and majesty.
Historical Periods of
| Mesopotamia & Phoenicians |
Highlands Ranch High School 9375 South Cresthill Lane Highlands Ranch, Colorado 80126 303-471-7000
Mr. Sedivy's History Classes
| Colorado History | American Government | Modern European History | Advanced Placement European History | Rise of England | World History |
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