Highlands Ranch High School - Mr. Sedivy
World History -
Henry VIII (1509 - 1547)
Henry VIII was very religious; he went to Mass every day and spent his father's money on wars for the Catholic Church. Henry had a conflict with the Pope because he wanted an annulment of marriage from Catherine of Aragon. Henry VIII wanted a male heir and he was in love with Anne Boleyn, a "lady in waiting."
His first duty was to produce heirs to the throne. Catherine hadn't produced a son that survived, so Henry decided that it was a sinful marriage, believing that all of this was a punishment from god (his wife and his brother). The Pope could not take any action and Catherine refused. She got her nephew, Charles V, the Holy Roman Emperor, to help her.
King Henry VIII breaks from the Pope and establishes The Church of England, or The Anglican Church. He granted a new archbishop of Canterbury, the highest church office in England, who granted Henry an annulment in 1533. Henry married Anne Boleyn. They had a girl; then a miscarriage. When she was found guilty of adultery, Anne Boleyn asked to be beheaded with a sword.
Then Henry married Jane Seymour. They have a son, but she dies in child birth. Then Henry married a German Princess, by proxy, Anne of Cleves. (butt ugly!)
Then Henry VIII married Catherine Howard - she had an affair and was beheaded. ... Then Catherine Parr.
Henry, through Parliament, passed the "Act of Supremacy." The King was the head of the English Church (huge break from the past). Beliefs and practices stayed the same except for divorce.
Henry got a lot of support because the people resented the high taxes of the Catholic Church (and they wanted to have fun). Those who disagreed were often executed. Sir Thomas More, a devout Catholic and student of the humanities, was killed for not accepting The Act of Supremacy.
By the way, Henry did have a son, Edward VI, a Protestant. He was sickly and weak, and only ruled for six years (from ages 15-21). His sister, Mary I, daughter of Catherine of Aragon, was a Catholic who persecuted those who weren't Catholic. "Bloody Mary" married Philip II of Spain, a Catholic. After her death, Elizabeth I, daughter of Anne Boleyn, took over and returned England to Protestantism.
Historical Periods of
| Mesopotamia & Phoenicians |
Highlands Ranch High School 9375 South Cresthill Lane Highlands Ranch, Colorado 80126 303-471-7000
Mr. Sedivy's History Classes
| Colorado History | American Government | Modern European History | Advanced Placement European History | Rise of England | World History |
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