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Scotland is divided into three major land sections. These are the Southern Uplands, the Central Lowlands, and the Highlands. The Southern Uplands form heights of about twenty five hundred feet above see level. The lowlands only form about fifteen percent of Scotland’s landmass but represent seventy-five percent of its population and most of Scotland’s industry is based in the Lowland area. Although the Highlands do have some low-lying areas it is the least popular. The Highlands can reach heights of up to four thousand feet high. The Highlands are home to the many things that have made Scotland famous such as the many tartans and clans, unique style of dress seen nowhere else in the world, Loch Ness and the monster, and of course the Great Highland Bagpipe.

At the beginning of the Iron Age Scotland was invaded by the Celts. It is thought that the bringers of Iron were probably the Celts. In A.D. 43 the Roman forces invaded Britain. This was perhaps the most influential occurrences in British history. Although the Romans introduced many aspects to Britain, such as the Christian religion and many other styles in housing and buildings, these changes merely reached Scotland. Eventually the Romans conquered the majority of Scotland. In the early fifth century A.D. the Romans came to the end of their military power and the Celts regained their power.

On Wednesday, April 16th, 1746, the greatest battle in all Scotland’s history occurred. It was the battle of Culloden, where Bonnie Prince Charlie was overthrown by the Duke of Cumberland. The army of Prince Charles, numbering five thousand people, was not match for that of the Duke of Cumberland, numbering nine thousand people. At about one o’clock in the afternoon the armies were in place. Prince Charles’ army with about three thousand eight hundred and ten Highlanders at the front and only one thousand, one hundred and ninety men making up the second line and reserve. There was only four hundred to five hundred yards between the two armies. The next hour would determine the outcome of the future of Scotland. In just over one hour the battle was lost and all Prince Charles’ dreams shattered as well as the way and tradition of the Highland people. After that battle the Highland people were not aloud to sing, dress, speak, or do anything in the tradition way. Highland bagpipes, the Gaelic language, and many other things were banned. It is only now that we are trying to restore the traditional way of the Scottish Highland peoples. Though we are doing all we can much has be lost which we can not restore, one being the pride of many Highlanders but their spirit remains.