Make your own free website on Tripod.com
Cover page
Preface
Introduction

	Context
Feminism
Feminist Research
Housing and Feminism
Self Build Housing

	Method
Sample
Process
Analysis

	Case Studies
Marion
Pam
May
Carol
Jan
K
Tashe

	Findings
Personal Background
Community
Training and Technical
Land Policies
Institutional Support
Shelter and Service
Planning and Design
Building Materials

	Conclusions
Summary
Recommendations
Research

Case Studies of Women's Self Build Housing

Training and Techical
The women who responded to this project fall into two categories in term of educational opportunities. Five have tertiary level education, with three graduating, while the two others gained leaving certificates and then completed secretarial courses. One woman described her education as,

"Middle class education of the sixties and seventies. All girls high that had academic streaming."

None of these women had studied any `technical` subjects at secondary school. As one respondent pointed out, girls just weren't allowed.

"Women our age didn't have the chance to do any building when they were younger. We have a couple of building courses for women in this area now. The women just love it, they come out with such great self esteem that 'I built that play house at the community neighbourhood house', and they all comment on how nice it is building with women."

Not one woman in the sample had any experience in the building industry. When asked about relevant experiences drawn on in building this house three women said that they had none to draw on. Along with the woman who said she did a hobby woodwork course while she was on the state housing authority waiting list, this covers all the women who took part in state housing authority programs. Another woman talked of staying in owner built houses, hearing the stories of their builders. Both the remaining women had some experience helping out with other self build houses, one of whom said that her two years in an industrial design course helped a lot.

Two of the respondents hired labourers to assist with building the house. In both of these instances labourers were hired as the self builder had injured themselves. One of the women said this of the labourers she contracted,

"To me 'slapdash' is a series of noggins which should have been flush on the exterior edge but ended up of by 3-5 mm! As the designer I was responsible and probably didn't stress my requirements adequately. Generally the work was solid, competent and at times inspired. They also allowed me to run estimates past them, go away and get the right gear, then by and large we'd get it right when we got on site."

Four of the women taking part in this study said that they had hired sub-contractors, this included all of the state housing authority project participants. Subcontractors were used for; excavation, slab, framing, brickwork, plumbing, electrical, ceiling lining and roofing. Most of these respondents used four or five of these services.

Subcontractors were located in a variety of ways which included; recommendations from friends, phone book, subcontractors who were acquaintances and newspapers. The state housing authority group self build housing program participant said that her group surveyed three, got quotes for a group of houses and used them as a basis to decide who to employ. Descriptions of the subcontractors ranged from very helpful to unreliable.

"I found that the subcontractor would agree to do one thing and then do another."

"It seems hard to get them to do the work, they seem so snowed under. We get a bit frustrated cause they hold us up a bit."

"When he realised that we were going to do the wiring ourselves he just opened the circuits, was very helpful and gave us quite a few hints."

Most of those who used subcontractors had quite a bit to say about the standards of work and situations they encountered. Opinions of work ranged from: very good, OK and ordinary to shoddy. One woman commented that some seem not to have much interest in their work.

I have found that most of the men in the building trades are very arrogant and sexist. It is very annoying."

"One of the subcontractors did not take my wants, needs or opinions seriously. I wanted leafless gutters, but because the subcontractor was unfamiliar with these and didn't want to know about it, my lack of assertiveness meant I didn't get them."

The women reported that they had a variety of sources of technical support. For some it was members of the family (all of those mentioned were male), a good friend who was a builder or just knowledgable and the state housing authority building adviser. Several mentioned books as a source of technical support. The respondents used various strategies to assist in making technical decisions when they were unsure. Most said they read and asked questions, others that they drew and pondered.