Between the ages of 4 and 14, boys and girls attended school together, where they learned to read and write, and do mathematics. Those who were going to became doctors, lawyers, or scribes (writers) studied the sacred writing called hieroglyphycs. Students had to copy out stories and religious writings. Some of these exercises survive today. The children also played games, wrestled and learned to swim.

When boys were 14, they followed their father's trade of profession, wich could be working in the fields or joining the craftmen in the goverment or temple workshops. They could also go on to become doctors, scribed, lawyers, or goverment officials. Girls from ordinary Egyptian families recived little shcooling. They were taught how to look after household, how to spin, weave and cook.
When girls grew up there were few jobs open to them, although they did have legal rights and some noblewomen became very powerful. Boys were mostly trained to do the same jobs as their fathers.