H. Rap Brown was considered a political "fellow traveler" of the Black Panther Party. He took over the chairmanship of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) from Stokely Carmichael in 1967.

At a "Free Huey" rally in Oakland on Feb. 17, 1968, he and Carmichael were made honorary officers of the Black Panther Party in a short-lived attempted merger of the two groups. After serving prison time for a 1971 gun battle with New York City police, Brown (now a Muslim convert named Jamil Abdullah Al-Amin) is a religious leader and grocery store owner in Atlanta, Ga.


Born in Trinidad, Carmichael formed his political beliefs early, attending Howard University in preference to the white universities that had offered him scholarships. After graduating in 1964, he began work on voter registration in Mississippi with the (SNCC) Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee , which he would later head.

His activities and those of other volunteers in Mississippi, led to the formation of the Lowndes County Freedom Organization, a forerunner of the Black Panther Party. He was one of the first people to publicly use the now famous "Black Power" phrase during James Meredith's Freedom March in Mississippi. In 1973, he and his then wife, South African singer Miriam Makeba, became citizens of the east African country of Uganda.



Copyright 2001-, Terry Muse
Revised: November 6, 2001
URL: http://black_and_hispanic.tripod.com/blackhistory/
Contact: Terry Muse