IMAGE of 18th Louisiana Infantry Regiment Heading

Civil War Camps, Forts, Prison Camps, Etc. As Described
or Mentioned in the Records of the Soldiers of the
18th Louisiana Infantry Regiment/18th Consolidated
Louisiana Infantry Regiment and Yellow Jacket Battalion

IMAGE of Louisiana Flag

Confederate Camps...the American Civil War
(Locations as Mentioned in the Service Records of Men of the18th Regiment Louisiana Infantry, 18th Consolidated Regiment and Yellow Jacket Battalion, Louisiana Infantry)

Camp Atchafalya (CS)

      Atchafalaya, Camp at (CW): (No record of this camp exists in the Encyclopedia of Forts, Posts, Named Camps and Other Military Installations in Louisiana 1700-1981 by Powell A. Casey) 32

Camp Benjamin, Louisiana (CS)

      A Confederate camp established late in 1861 and named for Judah P. Benjamin, the Secretary of War and a Louisianian, located on Gentilly Road in Orleans Parish not far east of Pontchartrain Railroad. In January 1862 the 16th, 17th, 18th, 19th and the 20th Regiments of La. Vol. Infantry comprising a brigade under Gen. Daniel Ruggles were at the camp before leaving to join the Confederate forces in Tennessee. The Confederate Guards Regiment (Col. Girault) was in March 1862.[53] 33

Fortifications at Bisland, Louisiana (CS)

      These Confederate emplacements were in St. Mary Parish on the main road between Pattersonville and Centerville and extended on each side from Bayou Teche to the swamp. The general location is shown on Plate CLVI of the Civil War Atlas.

      An 1863 Confederate map of St. Mary Parish published on page 31 of the book Yankee Autumn in Acadiana by David C. Edmonds places the entrenchments in Township 15 South, Range 11 East extending on both sides along the common line of Section 55 and 56. On the west side of the bayou some entrenchments were also along the common line between Sections 56 and 70.

      Supposed captured Confederate maps of the area in the National Archives are designated as Z-33-133 and Z-33-144. These show two lines of emplacement on the south side of Bayou Teche, the lower positions being fortified with two 12-pounders and three 6-pounders. Sibley’s Texas troops and the 28th Louisiana regiment (Gray’s) were in position between the two lines of entrenchments. The upper line was comprised of rifle pits and on its upper side were the
18th La. regiment, Fournet’s La. battalion and Texas cavalry. Bethel or Bethel Church is shown on map Z-33-113 as being located eight miles up Bayou Teche from Pattersonville. In between these two places the locations of three batteries on the south side of the bayou are shown.
      Brigadier General Geoffey Weitzel reported to General N. P. Banks on February 13, 1863 that Confederate forces at Camp Bisland below Centerville were constructing fortifications.
[61] The entrenchments on the left side of Bayou Teche seem to have been built between April 10 and April 12 by blacks from the neighboring plantations working under Lt. Mullet and Pvt. Alfred Fusalier acting as engineers. Small redoubts were on each side of the bayou. An unfinished lunette was on the right side. The designation of the defenses as a fort is an exaggeration. The Federals in their correspondence and on their maps designate the Confederate fortifications as Fort Bisland although the Bisland plantation was a short distance further up the bayou. Wm. T. Palfrey after the war wrote that most of the troops were encamped on his place but the commanding officer of the Confederates had his headquarters on the Bisland plantation, formerly owned by Judge Joshua Baker. [62] The 1863 parish map shows the camp site to be on the Palfey property in Section 6. This map also shows the fortifications to have been below the Palfrey property at or near Bethel a name also used by the Confederates for their position.

      General Banks Federal forces advancing westward along Bayou Teche began shelling the Confederate positions on April 12, 1863, the fire being returned by Confederate artillery. The later were assisted by the C. S. Ship Diana until it was struck by a shell from the heavier Federal field pieces. The threat imposed by a Federal force landed from ships behind the Confederates on the 13th caused the latter to withdraw early on the morning of April 14th. A 24-pounder siege gun and a disabled 12-pounder howitzer were left in position. Confederate loses are not known but Federal losses amounted to 40 killed and 284 wounded. Confederate forces from Louisiana and Texas on the right bank were commanded by General H. H. Sibley while those on the left bank were commanded by General Alfred Mounton. The main Federal units were Emory’s Third Division and Weitzel’s First Division.
[63) 34

Camp Buchanan, Louisiana (CS)

      Buchanan, Camp (CW): (Alexandria) (No record of this camp exists in the Encyclopoedia of Forts, Posts, Named Camps and Other Military Installations in Louisiana 1700-1981 by Powell A. Casey. The only referrence is to a Fort Buchanan at the Brashear City, [Morgan City], Fortifications at) 35

Camp Buckner, Louisiana (CS)

      Buckner, Camp (CW). This camp in Rapides Parish, described as “near Pineville” or “2 1/2 miles north of Alexandria”, was probably named for Confederate General Simon Bolivar Buckner. One account said that it had hutments. The Consolidated Crescent Regiment seems to have been there from July 20, 1864 until the end of the war. The 4th and 7th Regts. of Cavalry were there in the latter part of 1864 and the 5th La. Cavalry was there in February 1865. 36

Camp Cox, Louisiana (CS)

      Cox, Camp (CW). The 18th Regt. of La. Vol. was there in June and July, 1863. Company reports show it to have been nine or ten miles from Thibodaux. 37

Camp Dauterive, Louisiana (CS)

      Dauterive, Camp (CW). This Confederate camp in Iberia Parish was located at Dauterive’s sugar house about one mile from Grand Lake and “seven miles from Camp Fausse Point.” Elements of the Confederate Guards Response Bn. and the Yellow Jacket Bn. were there between December 1862 and February 1863. Some reports and correspondence refer to the camp as “deHuitreve” or “doctrive.”

      The Confederates in late 1863 had two small cannons emplaced at Dauterive Landing located at the upper end of Lake Fausse Point in the northeast corner of Section 21, Township 11 South, Range 7 East, St. Martin Parish which were captured in a raid on November 12, 1863 by Federal Cavalry under Colonel John Mudd.

Camp Dava, Louisiana (CS)

      Dava (?), Camp (CW): (No record of this camp exists in the Encyclopoedia of Forts, Posts, Named Camps and Other Military Installations in Louisiana 1700-1981 by Powell A. Casey) 39

Camp De Huntive D’Autin, Louisiana (CS)

      De Huntive D’Autin, Camp. (CW). Mentioned in Booth’s Records Vol. II pg. 659, this is probably the same Confederate camp as Camp Dautrive or Camp Dauterive. 40

Cam Doctrive, Louisiana (CS)

      Doctrive, Camp. (CW). Accounts and reports described this Confederate camp as being seven miles from Camp Fausse Pointe. It was occupied by Co. A., 18th Regt. La. Vols. in January 1863. It is probably the same camp as Camp D’Auterive. 41

Camp Fausse Pointe (Force Point), Louisiana (CS)

      Fausse Pointe, Camp. (CW). Apparently located east of Bayou Teche in Iberia Parish, this camp was occupied by the Confederate Guards Bn. in January 1863 and by the Confederate States Zouaves Bn. on November 23, 1863. 42

Camp Iberville, Louisiana (CS)

      Iberville, Camp (CW): (No record of this camp exists in the Encyclopoedia of Forts, Posts, Named Camps and Other Military Installations in Louisiana 1700-1981 by Powell A. Casey) 43

Camp Lake View, Louisiana (CS)

      Lake View, Camp. (CW). Roll 290 of National Archives Microcopy 320 shows “Camp Lake View, Charenton, La.” to have been occupied by Company B of the 18th La. Infantry in January-February 1863. 44

Camp Manchac (Pass Manchac), Louisiana (CS)

      Company C of the 21st La. Volunteers was in Camp Manchac in July and August 1861. It may have been located at the railroad bridge at Pass Manchac. 45

Camp Moore, Louisiana (CS)

      Moore, Camp (CW). This camp, named for Governor Thomas Overton Moore of Louisiana, was located about 78 miles from New Orleans on the New Orleans, Jackson and Great Northern Railroad (now the Illinois Central Gulf Railroad) about one-half mile above Tangipahoa Station. The site is in irregular Section 59 of Township 2 South, Range 7 East, in Tangipahoa Parish. Prior to 1869 it was in St. Helena parish.

      In this camp were assembled, organized and trained the larger part of the volunteer regiments and battalions which brought fame and honor to the State of Louisiana in the Civil War. Among these were the 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, and 10th Regimens of Volunteers and the 1st Special Battalion of La. Volunteers (Wheat’s Bn.) which went to the Army of Northern Virginia. Also there were the 4th, 11th, 12th, 13th, 16th, 17th,
18th, 19th, 21st, 22nd, 26th, 28th (Thomas’) and 30th Regiments of Volunteers which were sent to Confederate commands in the western part of the Confederacy. The numerical units listed following the 17th were generally organized at other parts of Louisiana but brought to Camp Moore after the capture of New Orleans in April 1862 for reorganization. Miles’ Legion and several artillery units also followed this pattern.

      Conscription by the Confederate States government did not start until April 1862 and the initial numbers members of these units were volunteers. In April 1861, the Confederate government made a call for 8,000 volunteers and other calls were made later. These volunteers were told to organize themselves into companies and report to New Orleans where the State would form them into 10-company regiments to be mustered into Confederate service. So many volunteers responded that Camp Walker at the Metairie Race Course in New Orleans could not accommodate them.
      On May 9, 1861 Governor Moore through Adjutant General Grivot ordered Lt. Col. Henry Forno and Captain J. H. Wingfield to report to Grivot’s office to select a camp site with water along the New Orleans, Jackson and Great Northern Railroad. Two days later by Order No. 325 Col. Forno was sent with Captain S. L. James and his Co. A of the Irish Brigade to the Tangipahoa Station on the Jackson railroad to select a site and lay out a camp.

      Order No. 330 dated May 12, 1861 of the Adjutant-General’s office ordered Brig. Gen. Elisha Tracy, commanding Camp Walker, to begin the following morning moving all troops there, except the 3rd Inf. Regt., in increments of 1000 men to the new camp. Upon completion of the movement Tracy was to proceed there to take command. The movement was complete by May 15th. Order No. 342 dated May 13, 1861 gave the camp the name “Camp Moore.”

      During the first three weeks after the camp was opened individual order sent about forty individual companies to Camp Moore to join those sent from Camp Walker. At Camp Moore companies were brought to full strength, elected their officers and formed groups of ten companies willing to serve in the same regiment. These were brought into State service and elected their regimental officers. The State through General Tracy arranged for the regiment to be mustered into Confederate service. The first units agreed to serve for twelve months but the later units were mustered in for the duration of the war. Regiments usually left for the battle areas a day or so after they were mustered. In the meantime new companies of volunteers were coming to the camp and going through the same routine.

      Letters form soldiers and visitors at the camp describe it as being a half-mile or so above Tangipahoa Station and being bounded on the west by the N. O. J. and G. N. Railroad, on the south by Beaver Creek and on the east by the woods and the Tangipahoa river. Copies of the 1861 lithograph of Camp Moore made by A. Persac are in the Camp Moore Museum and in the Historic New Orleans Collection. A copy of this print is reproduced in the 1973
Memoirs and Favorite Receipts published by the Camp Moore Chapter No. 562 U. D. C. and on page 155 of Huber’s Louisiana: A Pictorial History.

      A letter from Camp Moore dated August 24, 1861 published in the N.O. Crescent on August 28 describes the camp. General Tracy’s headquarters was near Beaver Creek and along the creek were a coffee-house and restaurant, a grocery, the Post sutler, soda and refreshment shops, a barber-shop, a photographers salon, a butcher shop and “old black Mary’s restaurant.” In the center of the camp was the parade ground clean and trodden hard with a flag pole with the stars and bars. The writer mentions swimming in the Tangipahoa River and comments on the camp cemetery with from 30 to 40 graves. Another soldier writing a month later mentions measles in the camp. In October 1861 an inspector recommended that the camp hospital be enlarged or that other hospitals be built.

      The parade ground split the camp and the upper portion was called Camp Tracy by the soldiers though no order fixed that name on it.

      Camp Moore was on private property but no lease to the State of Louisiana has been found. Most of Section 59 was owned by George P. McMichael and Ralph S. Smith, the latter of Alexandria, La., but a twenty acre tract about 1000 feet from the railroad was owned by Peter Kaiser of New Orleans. A 12.75 acre tract was sold by McMichael and Smith to John Steib of New Orleans on June 14, 1861 after the camp had been opened for one month. Some of the private businesses may have been on these two tracts.

      Maj. Gen. Mansfield Lovell, commander of Military Department No. 1 at New Orleans, visited Camp Moore in October 1861 and finding the three regiments and about six companies in training there without sufficient arms moved them within a month to camps close to New Orleans. Only a few soldiers were left in Camp Moore. Things changed rapidly on April 25, 1862 when the Federal fleet appeared in the river at New Orleans.

      All the troops at New Orleans and elsewhere in the surrounding area were ordered to move to Camp Moore. This movement of troops, guns and supplies continued for several days until Federal units took charge of the city. Among the units moving were remnants of the brigades of Louisiana militia under Generals Buisson, Tracy and Wetmore who had been called into service for ninety days. These brigades had an aggregate of about 4700 men in New Orleans but the number who came to Camp Moore is unknown. They were generally unarmed and since the camp had no arms they were released and most returned to New Orleans while the trains were still running. The other troops were reorganized and sent to Vicksburg. One of the regiments sent away from Camp Moore was a Mississippi unit which had been under General Lovell.

      Governor Moore came to Camp Moore early in May 1862 and remained there for about ten days before moving the State capital to Opelousas. Camp Moore was made a camp of instruction for conscripts from the area in Louisiana east of the Mississippi River. It was also used as a prisoner of war camp where Federal prisoner’s were held pending exchanges. Brig. Gen. Daniel Ruggles who then commanded the Florida Parishes area and a portion of South Mississippi made Camp Moore his headquarters.

      On July 28, 1862 Maj. Gen. John C. Breckinridge arrived at Camp Moore with about 4000 men and took command of another 1000 men there under General Ruggles. They were encamped in and around Camp Moore and though greatly reduced in effectiveness by illness were organized into two divisions which left on July 30 to attack Federal forces holding Baton Rouge. On August 5, they fought an unsuccessful battle to regain possession of Baton Rouge. Shortly thereafter the brigades of Brig. General John S. Bowen and John B. Villepigue came by rail to Camp Moore and marched to join Breckinridge’s forces. They arrived at Baton Rouge too late for the battle. Later they returned, with several units, to Tangipahoa, Louisiana, and Osyka, Mississippi to take the railroad cars back to central and north Mississippi.

      After the fortification of Port Hudson the small Confederate infantry and artillery units which has been in or around Camp Moore were moved to Port Hudson. Left in the Florida parishes were cavalry organizations many of which made their headquarters at Camp Moore. Some conscripts were there for training and supplies were stored in the camp.

      In late April 1863 Federal cavalry under Grierson came down the length of the Jackson R. R. but turned westward toward Baton Rouge at Osyka. The 1st Bn. of Choctaw Indians, a Confederate cavalry unit from Mississippi was at Camp Moore with about 200 members but they were defeated by a larger force of Federal troops at Tangipahoa and the Battalion was disbanded May 9, 1863. Some of the Federal troops may have been part of Grierson’s forces.

      On October 7, 1864 Col. John G. Fonda of the 188th Illinois Mounted Infantry with a force of about 100 picked men from the 11th N.Y. Cavalry and the 45th Wisc. Cavalry separated from a larger force at Greensburg to raid Camp Moore. They captured two conscripts reporting that forty or fifty more there escaped in the darkness. The Federals destroyed a large amount of clothing an grey cloth in the camp and dispersed about five hundred head of cattle collected there for Confederate use. They also destroyed many hides and a tannery but the tannery may have been outside of the camp.

      Three officers and several enlisted men were captured in and about the village of Tangipahoa. The garrison flag of Camp Moore was captured and late turned over to the Brig. Gen. J. W. Davidson of the Federal Cavalry.
[26] The raiders were part of a larger group which came from Baton Rouge under the command of Brig. Gen. Albert L. Lee.

      General Davidson led 5000 Federal cavalrymen with twelve pieces of artillery and ninety-six loaded wagons through Tangipahoa on the morning of November 30, 1864 on an expedition from Baton Rouge to the Pascagoula River. They dispersed the conscripts at Camp Moore and burned the camp and outbuildings. The column left in the direction of Franklinton.

      For the purpose of the war, Camp Moore was now finished. The countryside was poverty stricken and Camp Moore forgotten except by those who had relatives buried in the cemetery there. Perhaps those who lived nearby removed the remains of their kinsmen to a family cemetery. In time the crude wooden markers placed on the graves by comrades decayed or were destroyed by woods fires which swept the area.

      Miss Norma Lambert of Tangipahoa, former Register-General of the United Daughters of the Confederacy and the first curator of the Camp Moore Museum, prepared a list of soldiers from Booth’s
Records who might have died at Camp Moore. Some accounts say that 400 Confederates are buried there but a figure of 250 is more likely to be correct as the largest mortality occurred from measles between August and November 1861. After that date there were no large number of troops at Camp Moore except for the short period after the fall of New Orleans in April 1862 and during the assembling of Gen. Breckinridge’s forces there in July 1862 for the attack on Baton Rouge. There was much sickness among Breckinridge’s troops and those who died in the area may have been buried at Camp Moore.

      In the 1888 session of the Louisiana Legislature bills were introduced to have a committee investigate whether the land were the Confederate and Federal soldiers were buried at Camp Moore could be purchased. An appropriation bill for $1000 for this purpose was reported without action. It has always been the local tradition that two of the graves at Camp Moore, outside the cemetery fence, are those of Federal soldiers.

      On August 20, 1891 at Tangipahoa the United Confederate Veterans Encampment No. 60, Camp Moore, was organized with over one hundred members many of whom had been at Camp Moore during the Civil War. One of their chief purposes was the care of the graves at Camp Moore. It was however the Camp Moore Chapter No. 562 United Daughters of the Confederacy, organized in 1902, and their descendants who are primarily responsible for restoration of the old cemetery and the creation of the Camp Moore Museum there.

      The United Daughters were responsible for the donation of the two acres cemetery site by R. H. Day and other co-owners of the property to the State of Louisiana and for the passage of Act 105 of the La. Legislature for 1902 creating the five member Board of commissioners of the Camp Moore Confederate Cemetery. Using appropriations from the State Legislature a wall and fence were built in 1904. On June 3, 1905 Governor Newton Blanchard accepted the cemetery on behalf of the State during extensive ceremonies. On October 24, 1907 the Confederate monument, made by the Magnolia Marble Works at Magnolia, Miss. was dedicated. On May 30, 1975 a building to house the Camp Moore Museum was dedicated. In the museum are many artifacts from the Civil War period of Camp Moore. Some of the early records of the Board of Commissioners of the cemetery are in the John Walter Lambert M.D. Collection in the L.S.U. Archives. Dr. Lambert was a member of the Board from its creation in 1902 until his death in 1932.

      Act 31 of 1940, Act 47 of 1940 (held unconstitutional) Act 295 of 1964, Act 4325 of 1972, Act 592 of 1975, and Act 83 of 1977 of the State legislature have dealt with the administration of the cemetery and the museum. The Board has been abolished and its functions transferred to the Department of Culture, Recreation and Tourism.

Camp Morgan, Louisiana (CS)

      Morgan, Camp. (CW). A camp temporarily occupied by Morgan’s Bn. of Texas Cavalry was on Bayou Pierre near Shreveport about July 28, 1863, and was referred to in the Journal of Wm. W. Heartsell. 47

Camp Pratt, Louisiana (CS)

      Pratt, Camp. (CW). This camp was established by order of Governor Moore in May or June 1862 as a camp of instruction for conscripts in Louisiana living south of Red River and west of the Mississippi River. It was named for Brig. Gen. John G. Pratt who commanded the 9th Brigade of the Louisiana Militia and was its first commander. He resided near Grand Coteau in St. Landry Parish.

      A report of the Adjutant General for the State of Louisiana for the period 1860, 1861 and 1862 shows that there were at Camp Pratt, probably in July 1862, 6876 men from eighteen parishes. From St. Landry there were 1,145, from Lafourche 559, from Assumption 636, from Rapides 536, from Terrebonne 501 and from Avoyelles, 476. The parish with the smallest number was Sabine with 125.

      On August 25, 1862 the Confederate government through Maj. Gen. Richard Taylor took over the responsibility for the camp of instruction placing Lt. Col. Burke of the 2nd La. Regiment in command. Governor Moore released all those at the camp who were over the age of thirty-five years. In the latter part of December 1862 Colonel Waggaman formerly of the 10th Louisiana Regiment of Volunteers took command of Camp Pratt. In the same month General Taylor reported that about 3000 conscripts had reported to the camp.

      During the course of the war both Confederate and Federal units occupied the camp. There were skirmished at the camp in October and in November 1863. For a few days in the latter month the Headquarters of the Federal 19th was there. A year earlier the 18th Louisiana and the Crescent Regiment had been there, both Confederate units.

      Most unit journals describe Camp Pratt as being located about five miles north and northwest of New Iberia. General Pratt had been ordered as early as February 1862 by S. O. #11 to establish a camp for the militia under him. It is possible that Camp Pratt began to be used at that time. No location was given.

      A report from Camp Pratt by the commander of the Yellow Jacket Battalion on July 12, 1862 to Maj. Gen. Mansfield Lovell states that General Pratt was ordered to establish a camp of instruction for State troops “on Lake Tasse near New Iberia in the Parish of St. Martin.” Lake Tasse, now identified as Spanish Lake, is about five miles north of New Iberia on the road to Vermilionville (now Lafayette).

      The boundary line between the Parishes of Iberia and St. Martin runs through Spanish Lake. Civil War maps showing the location of Camp Pratt are published on page 31 of the book,
The Battle of the Bayou Country by Morris Raphael and on page 70 of the book, Yankee Autumn in Acadiana by David C. Edmonds. The latter map seems to be National Archives map Z-33-105.

      These maps place the camp on the southwest side of the lake and in Sections 32 and 33 of Township 11 South, Range 6 East, Iberia parish. On a visit to the site with Mr. Raphael in 1975 he pointed out embankments between the old lake site and the right of way of the railroad which seem to have been part of the camp defenses. Both Confederates and Federals were encamped there and their camps may have extended all along the west side of the lake. The article by Arthur Bergeron, “Prison Life at Camp Pratt” published in
Louisiana History Vol. XIV page 387 shows that prisoners of war were kept there. 48

Camp Pulaski, Louisiana (CS)

      Pulaski, Camp. (CW). This Confederate camp was established early in June 1861 near Amite in the parish of St. Helena, now in the Parish of Tangipahoa. On May 20, 1861 the Secretary of War for the Confederacy authorized Major Casper Tochman, a major in the Polish army in 1831 to raise twenty companies of volunteers of foreign birth to serve for the duration of the war. Tochman arrived in New Orleans on June 4 and authorized Colonel Valery Sulakowski to accept troops for service as his agent. These troops were from the Polish brigade and a camp was set up near Amite to collect and train soldiers. The Askew Guards and the Quitman Guards left for Camp Pulaski on June 8th. Other units going there were the Armstrong Guards, Franklin Rifles, Jefferson Cadets, McClure Guards, Nixon’s Rifles, Concordia Rifles (Capt. Zebulon York), Avegno Rifles, Gross Tete Creoles, and Lafayette Rifle Cadets. These companies seem to have comprised the 1st Regiment of the Polish brigade and were commanded by Colonel Sulakowski. This regiment left for Virginia about August 5, 1861, via Junction City, Tennessee, and in Virginia was redesignated as the 14th Regiment of La. Volunteers.[50]

      Other units going to Camp Pulaski were the St. James Rifles, the Grivot Rifles, the Davenport Rifles, the Askew Guards Co. B., the Bogart Guards and the St. Ceran Rifles. While not a full regiment these units left for Virginia from Camp Pulaski as the 2nd regiment of the Polish Brigade on August 25, 1861 under command of Lt. Col. Charles M. Bradford. In Virginia these companies operated as 3rd Bn. of Louisiana Infantry until other Louisiana companies there were added to the unit forming the 15th Regt. of Louisiana Volunteers.

      On June 10, 1861 according to the N. O.
Commercial Bulletin two Texas companies, the Marshall Guards and the Star Rifles went to Camp Pulaski to await orders. They may have left for Virginia with the other companies.

      The exact location of Camp Pulaski is uncertain. An 1861 may of Louisiana published in Volume X of the Confederate Military History, edited by Evans, shows two Camp Moores in St. Helena Parish. One which may have been intended to represent Camp Pulaski is placed a short distance north of Amite. The Robert H. Miller collection in the L.S.U. archives has a letter written from Camp Pulaski dated June 22, 1861 which states that the camp was near Amite City and one mile from the Tangipahoa River. Seven companies there were kept busy rolling heavy pine logs and burning them.

      Another writer there said that the camp was on land owned by the “commanding officer” and that it was a cheap way to get the trees cut and the land cleared.

      One clue to the possible location of the camp is found when noting that Colonel Sulakowski’s wife was a member of the Simpson family which owned land on the south side of Amite located in Section 9, Township 4 South, Range 7 east. After the war the Simpson family sold part of their land to Benjamin D Guillett.

Qui Vive Camp, Louisiana (CS)

      Booth’s Records Book III page 64 makes reference to Company K of the 18th La. Regiment of Infantry being at Camp Qui Vive on January 1, 1863. National Archives M-320 Roll 290 shows Company I of the same regiment to have also been there at the same time. The camp was in Iberia Parish at Fausse Pointe being described as being about eight miles from D’Autrive’s plantation.[1]

      [Additionally, records of men in Co. B indicate that they were there in Jan. 1863 and Co. C indicate that they were there in Dec. 1862. Also, records of men in Co. K indicate that they were there in Dec. 1862.] 50

Camp Reserve, Louisiana (CS)

      Reserve, Camp. (CW).Booth’s Records. Vol. III, page 650 refers to Co. D. of the 18th La. Infantry Regiment being there on July 1, 1863. The location is unknown. 51

Camp Romain, Louisiana (CS)

      On page 180 of Vol. II of Booth’s Records is a reference to Co. K of the 19th La. Regt. of Vols. being at Camp Romain on December 30, 1861. It may have been Camp Roman. 52

Camp Roman, Louisiana (CS)

      This Confederate camp was on the east side of the Mississippi River in Jefferson Parish. The N. O. Daily Picayune issue of October 12, 1861 reported, “Camp Roman is the name of a newly located camp in our parish (Jefferson). It is a short distance above Carrollton on the plantation of Mr. V. Roman, the gentleman whose name is bears. The 17th La. Regiment from Camp Moore is now encamped here. It has only seven companies. Col. Alfred Mouton and Lt. Col. Alfred Roman (son of ex-Gov. A. B. Roman) are the officers.” [12] Other sources show that this was the 18th Regiment which came there on 9th of October 1861. Booth’s Records Vol. II pages 128, 201, and 275 have references to the 18th Regt. of La. Volunteers being there on October 5 and November 9, 1861. It was among those which left under General Daniel Ruggles to join General Beauregard at Corinth, Miss. in February 1862. 53

Camp Taylor (Near Thibodeaux, near New Iberia), Louisiana (CS)

      Taylor, Camp. (CW). This Confederate camp was on Bayou (River) Vermilion in or near present day Lafayette. The Consolidated Crescent Regiment was there in September, 1863 and its monthly report refers to Camp Taylor as being seventeen miles from Camp Pratt. Another report says that it was twenty miles from Wilson’s plantation on the Teche. Other reports show that the 18th La. regiment was there in July and August 1863 and the 12 Texas Cavalry was there in August 1864. Presumably the camp was named for General Richard Taylor. 54

Camp Teche, Louisiana (CS)

      Teche, Camp. (CW). Booth’s Records Vol. II pages 637 and 986 make reference to Co. A of the 18th Regt. of La. Volunteers being at Camp Teche on November 1, 1862. The location was probably in St. Mary Parish as a letter in the Prudhomme Collection in the L.S.U. Archives says that troops at the camp on the banks of the Teche were putting up works on Grand Lake. 55

Camp at Thibodaux, Louisiana (CS)

      Thibodaux, Camp at. (CW). On July 25, 1862 Confederate Lt. Col. V. A. Fournet and his Battalion of Yellow Jackets were ordered to proceed to the camp at Thibodaux (Lafourche Parish) under command of Col. Thomas E. Vick.16      On August 14, 1862 Maj. General John L. Lewis commanding the Louisiana militia was ordered to proceed there and establish his headquarters. The 18th La. Regiment was at Camp Thibodaux in July 1863. It was nine to ten miles from Camp Cox. 56

Camp Vermilion, Louisiana (CS)

      Vermilion, Camp. (CW). A camp of the 13th Bn. of Texas cavalry in July 1862 on the east bank of the Vermilion River in Lafayette Parish. From about October 9 to November 15, 1863 large units of the Federal army were encamped along Vermilion River or bayou in the vicinity of Vermilionville (now Lafayette) and some called their camp “Camp Vermilion.” 57

Civil War Camps in Alabama
(as Listed in Service Records of the Men
of the 18th Louisiana Infantry Regiment)

Buckner, Camp, Alabama (CS)

Buckner, Camp: (CW) As of this information available. 58

Pollard, Camp near, Alabama (CS)

      Pollard, Camp near: (CW) Muster Roll for July & Aug 1862 shows station Camp near Pollard. The 18th Regt of Louisiana Volunteers left Tupelo, Miss. on the 3rd day of August, 1862 and arrived at Pollard Station, Ala on 5th day of the same month...Regimental Return for month of July 1862 dated Aug 18, 1862 shows field and staff stationed at Camp near Pollard...Additionally, Muster Records of some of the men in Co. E, 18th Regt. as being “Present” there. 59


Civil War Camps in Mississippi
(as Listed in Service Records of the Men
of the 18th Louisiana Infantry Regiment)

Corinth, Camp near, Mississippi (CS)

      Corinth, Camp at: (CW) Corinth (Alcorn Co.), March 18-24, 1862, Confederate troops under Gen. Albert Johnston arrive from Murfreesboro, TN, for defense of the city, and on March 29 are organized in to the Army of Mississippi; Corinth becomes a major medical center for treating Confederates following the Battle of Shiloh (or Pittsburg Landing), TN (April 6-7, 1862) 60 Numerous referrances in the individual records of the men of the 18th Regiment show that they were in camp at or near Corinth in Jan. and Feb., 1862 as well as in May and June, 1862. Additional references indicate a number of men as being at or near Corinth during the evacuation of Corinth on Jan. 31, 1863.

Enterprise, Camp at, Mississippi (CS)

      Enterprise, Camp at: (CW) (No record of this camp can be located as of this writing.) A military cemetery exists at the approximate location where the camp was located in Clark County, Mississippi. There are 182 soldiers who were interred at the cemetery during the time of the war. The dates of death range from Oct. 1861 thru Jan. 1864. A check of the names and units, indicate that no men of the 18th Louisiana Regiment were interred at this cemetery. Additionally, records of at least one soldier in Co. K, of the 18th La. Inf. Regiment [Booth’s Records] was “sick at Enterprise, Miss. on the Rolls of July and Aug. 1862, Absent.”61

Tupelo, Camp near, Mississippi (CS)

      Tupelo, Camp near: (CW) Numerous references are made throughout the Muster Roll pages and [ Booths’ Records ] of the men of the 18th Regiment, in referrence to men of the Crescent Regiment as being transferred to the 18th Regiment in July 1862 at Tupelo. Additional references are made to the 18th Regiment regarding the AGO reports as the 18th Regiment being camped at or near Tupelo during the same time frame. 62

Federal Camps
(as Listed in Service Records of the Men
of the 18th Louisiana Infantry Regiment)

Camp Chase, Ohio (US) 63

Chase, Camp (US): (No record of this camp exists as of this writing.)

Camp Dennison, Ohio (US) 64

Dennison, Camp (US): (No record of this camp exists as of this writing.)

Camp Douglas, Illinois (US)

      Douglas, Camp (near Chicago) (US): One section of Oak Woods is known as the "Confederate Mound". A 46-foot monument stands alone, surrounded by cannon and cannonballs. Buried around it are an estimated six thousand soldiers and sailors of the Confederacy. Camp Douglas was a prisoner of war internment camp near the 35th-street estate of Stephen Douglas, named for the late senator.

      Like all P.O.W. camps of its day, it was rife with communicable diseases - smallpox and dysentery. Conditions were appalling, and thousands died. A group of prisoners plotted to escape the camp and capture Chicago for the Confederacy, but were thwarted by Allan Pinkerton. By the end of the war, thousands had died and been buried in the North Side's old City Cemetery.

      Upon the closing of City Cemetery, the bodies interred there were moved to the new cemeteries - Rosehill, Graceland, Oak Woods. The federal government purchased a section of Oak Woods in 1867 to accommodate the 4200 known casualties of Camp Douglas. The coffins were placed in concentric circular trenches. Although the government only had 4200 names, cemetery records indicate that closer to 6000 coffins were buried here. In addition to the unknown number of Southerners, twelve Union soldiers are buried here as well, guards from the camp. Their markers, reading "Unknown U.S. Soldier", stand in a single row behind one cannon.

      The 46-foot monument was dedicated on Memorial Day, May 30, 1895. Over 100,000 people attended the ceremonies, including large numbers of men from both armies. President Cleveland and his cabinet were there as well.

      The base of the monument is of pink Georgia granite. The shaft rising from the base has a bronze panel on each side, depicting General Washington, "A Call to Arms", "A Veteran's Return Home", and "A Soldier's Death Dream". In 1911, panels were added to the base, with the soldiers' names, ranks, units, and home states. This is the largest Confederate burial ground in all the North.

Camp Morton, Indianapolis, Indiana (US)

      Morton, Camp (US): “Confederate POW's Buried in Crown Hill Cemetery, Indianapolis, Indiana”. During the Civil War there were typically more than 3,500 Confederates held prisoner on the north side of Indianapolis in Camp Morton. Originally, Camp Morton was the principal mustering, recruiting, and rendezvousing encampment for many of the Hoosier regiments. After the fall of Forts Donelson and Henry in early 1862, thousands of captured Confederate soldiers were sent north to prison camps such as Camp Morton (other camps included Camp Butler, in Springfield, Illinois; Camp Chase, in Columbus, Ohio; and Camp Douglas, in Chicago). The total number of prisoners held at Camp Morton between 1862 and 1865 amounted to approximately 15 thousand. As was typical with most prison facilities at that time, Camp Morton was unprepared for such a large number of prisoners. Medical care, food, and health conditions were inadequate. Between 1862 and 1865 there were more than 1,700 Confederate deaths at Camp Morton as a result of poor conditions. Still, the death rates at Camp Morton were lower than most other Northern prison facilities. It became the city's responsibility to find an acceptable burial ground for the Southern dead and a section of the Old City Cemetery, called the Greenlawn Addition, was turned over to the Government for burials. After the war, this land was sold to the railroad and to industry. The soldier's remains were removed to Section 32 in Crown Hill Cemetery, and buried in a mass grave. In 1989, an effort led by two Indianapolis Police Officers was begun to have the graves of the Confederate Prisoners of War accordingly marked. Many other groups and individuals joined in this effort. In 1993 the new Confederate Memorial was dedicated.

      Crown Hill Cemetery is the nation's third largest cemetery, located 2.8 miles northwest of downtown Indianapolis. Crown Hill was incorporated as a nonprofit, nondenominational cemetery on September 25, 1863, at a time when, as mentioned above, Greenlawn Cemetery was the principal burial ground in the city. Concern over Greenlawn's limited acreage and lack of care spurred the creation of a 30-member board of corporators that established Crown Hill. The land selected for the cemetery was considered some of the most beautiful in Marion County.

      In 1866, seven hundred and eight Union soldiers who died during the Civil War and were buried at Greenlawn were removed to Crown Hill. The United States government purchased this 1.37-acre lot to become the second of three National cemeteries in Indiana.

      Crown Hill Cemetery was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973. More than 25 thousand people pass through the site annually, many on special occasions such as Memorial Day, Benjamin Harrison's birthday, Veteran's Day, and a fall Victorian Day Celebration. There are many Civil War notables buried there (see, Hoosiers of Note in the Civil War on this Web site).

      The editors of Indiana in the Civil War warmly acknowledge the Crown Hill Cemetery, 700 West 38th Street, Indianapolis, Indiana, 46208, for their kind assistance and cooperation in providing this list and much of the background information regarding the cemetery.

(Note: This site contains a complete listing of the Confederate dead
buried at Crown Hill Cemetery arranged alphabetically. ) 66

Point Lookout, Maryland (US)

      Point Lookout (US): Point Lookout POW Camp (Camp Hoffman) was established after the Battle of Gettysburg to incarcerate Confederate prisoners. It was in operation from August 1863 through June 1865. Being only 5' above sea level, it was located on approx. 30 acres of leveled land at the southern tip of Maryland, in St. Mary's County, and surrounded by water on three sides by the Chesapeake Bay and Potomac River. It was the largest Union prison camp for Confederates.

      Before the war, Point Lookout was a fashionable resort hotel and a summer bathing place with over a hundred cottages where the elite spent their leisure time. In 1862, with erection of additional buildings, it became a military hospital for the care of union soldiers, an imprisonment for Maryland citizens who were Southern sympathizers, as well as a supply depot for the Army of the Potomac. In August 1863, the large building with outbuildings arranged in spoke fashion (Hammond Hospital), became the care center for wounded/sick Confederate prisoners as well as for union men.

      During the two year span of operation, Point Lookout saw approx. 50,000 POWs pass through her gates. These were military and civilian, men, women, and children. It's also interesting to note that the youngest POW at Point Lookout was Baby Perkins. He was born there. His mother was captured at the Battle of Spotsylvania with her artillery unit.

      Prison conditions were deplorable. Rations were below minimal, causing scurvy and malnutrition. Prisoners ate rats and raw fish. It's recorded that one hungry Rebel devoured a raw seagull that had been washed ashore. Soap skim and trash peelings were often eaten when found. Lice, disease, and chronic diarrhea often resulted in an infectious death. Prisoners were deprived of adequate clothing, and often had no shoes in winter or, only one blanket among sixteen or more housed in old, worn, torn, discarded union sibley tents. Even the Point's weather played havoc with the prisoners. Because of it's location, it's extremely cold with icy wind in the winter and a smoldering sun reflecting off the barren sand in summer was blinding. High water often flooded the tents in the camp area. The undrained marshes bred mosquitoes. Malaria, typhoid fever and smallpox was common. The brackish water supply was contaminated by unsanitary camp conditions. There was a deadline approx. 10' from the approx. 14' wooden parapet wall. Anyone caught crossing this line, even to peek through the fence, was shot. Prisoners were also randomly shot during the night as they slept, or if they called out from pain.

      Mjr. Brady was the Provost Marshall and Mjr. Gen. Benjamin (Beast) Butler would review the prison camp. Many times he galloped through the crowd of men, hitting them as he sped by. The sixty gun Minnesota was within a short distance from the shore to guard the prisoners.

      Among the sites at this prison were: 1830 Lighthouse, Hammond Hospital, the Nuns housing, 3 forts, guard quarters, officers quarters, stables, contraband quarters, union quarters/tenting area, burying grounds, smallpox hospital, stockade, etc.

      Although it is estimated that
over 8,000 prisoners died at Pt. Lookout, at present only a near 4,000 are accounted for as buried in the Point Lookout cemetery. Their graves have been moved twice since the original burial. They now rest in a mass grave under an 85' towering obelisk monument erected by the federal government. This was the first monument to Confederate soldiers! Huge bronze tablets circling this monument depict names of those so far recorded. Also in this well kept cemetery is a smaller 25' monument erected by the state of Maryland to the memory of the prisoners.

      The POW cemetery is maintained by the federal government - Veteran's Administration. A lady employed by them is the caretaker. She and her family before her, have been the ground keepers for over four generations! She does a superb job, for the grounds are always manicured making the compound a serene/reverent place to visit and pay respects to those "who gave their all for their South land, even unto death."

      Every June, usually the second weekend, descendants from thirty-seven states of these Confederate POWs gather on these prison grounds to honor their ancestor and his endurance of prison life. We participate in the SCV memorial service by presenting floral tributes and homeplace soil at the monument. Some of our members belong to "Lee's Miserables". This group participates in the living history area, portraying POWs. That night, we have our annual meeting with a guest speaker.

      We're very proud of our POW ancestors and the rich heritage they have left us. If you would like more information on the descendants organization and how to become a member, send a long SASE to PLPOW, 3587 Windmill Drive, Va. Beach, VA 23456-2122

      Today, this prison site is a beautiful, well maintained campground that offers among other things, boating, fishing, and picnicking. A museum on site displays artifacts found on the grounds and several pictures of our POWs who were in Point Lookout Prison Camp. This is run by the state park service.

      ©PLPOW, 1998: Copying or Transferring this page in its entirety or in part is prohibited without written permission from PLPOW.

Note: Kind permission to reprint the “Point Lookout POW Camp” was given by
Patricia B. Buck < > Organization: Point Lookout POW Descendant's Org. 67

Rock Island Arsenal, Illinois (US)

      Point Lookout (US): CONFEDERATE CEMETERY (Rock Island Arsenal)

The original cemetery for Confederate prisoners and political detainees was located adjacent to the prison compound. The cemetery was relocated to its present site in February 1864. The Army's Assistant Surgeon General ordered relocation in an attempt to reduce contagious diseases such as small pox. During the 20 months that the prison was in operation more than 1,964 Confederate prisoners died while confined at the prison barracks. In the early 1900s a congressional commission for marking graves of Civil War dead provided grave markers. Memorial Day ceremonies are held at the Confederate Cemetery each year, at which time Confederate flags are placed by the graves.

Information from:
Rock Island Arsenal
A Historical Tour Guide
With Photographs & Narrative.

A special "Thank You" is extended to John R. Gunter, webmaster of
the Iowa 3rd Cavalry for his kind and generous gesture
of allowing the 18th Louisiana Infantry Regiment permission
to use the information regarding the Rock Island Arsenal.

Camp Stevens, Louisiana (US)

      Stevens, Camp. (CW). This Federal camp is usually described in reports as being “on Bayou Lafourche near Thibodaux.” In January 1863 the Headquarters of General Geoffrey Weitzel’s brigade was there. [74] Among the units there at various times were the 8th Vermont, the 12th Conn. and the 75th New York volunteers. 68

Camp Townsend, (Ship Island), Mississippi (US)

      Townsend, Camp (Ship Island, MS.) (US): (This camp was more than likely located on the barrier island south of present day Gulfport/Biloxi, MS. “Ship Island (Mississippi Sound, south of Biloxi Bay), Jan. 20, 1861, Mississippi state troops seize Fort Massachusetts on Ship Island, a key refueling point for Union vessels and key in the defense of New Orleans; Sept. 16, 1861, Confederate forces evacuate and men from the USS Massachusetts occupy the island; Nov. 27, 1861, the Ship Island Expedition sails from Hampton Roads, VA; Dec. 3, 1861, island is occupied by Union forces under Maj. Gen. Benjamin Butler with assistance of USS Constitution; Dec. 31, 1861, landing party from Ship Island captures Biloxi across the sound; April 3-4, 1862, Federal expedition from Ship Island to Biloxi and Pass Christian against Maj. Gen. Mansfield Lovell; June 22, 1862, Federal expedition on the steamer "Creole" to Pass Christian to capture Confederate vessels; Oct. 22, 1863, Confederate band destroys the steamer "Mist" nearby.” 69 No additional information about this camp is available as of this writing.)

      19 September 1998. Researcher’s note regarding the following list of men who served with the 18th Regiment Louisiana Infantry. This project began in earnest on 18 March 1998. The men’s records were first downloaded from the internet at 70 over a 3 month period during the months of February thru April 1998. After arranging and organizing the individual records by company, regiment, etc. the difficult task of verifying as many names as possible against the official Muster Roll records was undertaken (a copy of these records was obtained from Jackson Barracks, New Orleans, Louisiana in April 1998 71). The names of ALL men in the 18th were highlighted in bold text and the men who could be verified against the Jackson Barracks Muster Roll records were additionally Underlined in Bold text.

      It is obvious, that by viewing the records of the men, that all of them did serve at one time or another in the
18th Regiment; but, due to loss of records, for whatever reason, not all of the men could be verified. For this, this researcher can offer no reasonable explanation; only a desire to some day locate the missing records and complete the project of verifying ALL the members of the 18th Regiment Louisiana Infantry.

      Throughout the records of the men of the 18th Regiment, the reader will see additional notes that were appended to the records. Many of these were taken from an excellent reference source,
Reminiscences of Uncle Silas, A History of the Eighteenth Louisiana Infantry Regiment, by Silas T. Grisamore and edited by Arthur W. Bergeron, Jr. These notes add some “emotions and feelings” to otherwise drab military records. Let you, the reader, be the judge.

      A number of men were omitted from Booth’s Records, for whatever reason, and their names and information as portrayed in the Muster Roll records, received from Jackson Barracks, New Orleans have been added to this record. These records are indicated by use of an astrick (
*) in lieu of Volume and Page Numbers. Additional notes appended to the records of the men of the 18th Regiment indicate information that was written into the Muster Roll records and for whatever reason, not included on the “official records” of Booth’s Records. In some instances, this researcher did take some liberties in these assumptions. Again, let the reader be the judge.

      Your information can go a long way in supplementing the research already done with regards to the 18th Regiment Louisiana Infantry. Any changes, additions, deletions or ANY pertinent information would be received with open arms.

      This project is and will always be ongoing.
YOU, the decendants of the valiant men who served in this Great American Civil War can contribute to this ongoing research. Feel free to contact this researcher via the e-mail address listed on the bottom of this and all pages of this site. Thank you for taking the time to visit my site devoted to the memory of the MEN of the 18th Regiment Louisiana Infantry...


Now...shall we view the RECORDS
of the
MEN of the 18th Regiment Louisiana Infantry!!!

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18th Louisiana Infantry Regiment
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