REV. F.W. ABERBROEKLINGPastor of the Church of the Holy Trinity, Luxemburg; he was born Dec. 10, 1844, in Westphalia, Prussia; in 1856, he came to St. Louis, Mo.; there attended school till 1864, when he removed to Quincy, Ill. and there commenced studying for the ministry; in 1865, came to Milwaukee and continued his studies till Dec. 20, 1871, when he was ordained as Roman Catholic priest by Archbishop Henni; the following February, he came to Luxemburg and established and took charge of his present church; he was also Pastor of St. Mary's Church at Lattnerville during 1874-75.    pg.954
HON. S.P. ADAMS, attorney and counselor at law, corner Main and Sixth streets, Dubuque. Is a native of Medfield, Norfolk, Mass; Feb. 5, 1817, only 2 years of age, his parents removed to Maine, where he remained ten years; in 1835, when 18 years of age, he went to Waltham, Mass., to learn the machinist's trade, at which he worked, with the exception of about two years spent at school and in the study of medicine, until 1842, when he went to Lowell, Mass.; there he worked at his trade and studied medicine, and later, attended medical lectures in Boston, Brunswick, ____ and Pittsfield, Mass., graduating at the last-named place in 1845; having turned his attention from the medical profession, he began the study of law in Lowell, and was admitted to the bar in Middlesex Co. in 1849. Mr. Adams represented  Lowell in the State Legislature in 1845, and was a member of the Constitutional Convention of 1853, and of the Legislature in 1857; in the early part of the year, he resigned the office of Representative and came west to Iowa and located in Dubuque, and continued the practice of  law until he was appointed Provost Marshal for the Third Congressional District of the State with rank of captain of cavalry; he held this position until the close of the war; in 1866, he was appointed on a commission to lay out a reservation for a band of Chippewa Indians, 215 miles south of St. Paul, Minn.; since that time, he has been      engaged in the practice of  his profession in Dubuque; during the last six years as attorney of the Chicago, Dubuque & Minnesota and Chicago, Clinton & Dubuque Railroads.  Mr. Adams has been twice married; in 1844, to Miss L.E. Stetson, of Scituate, Mass., and in 1853, to Miss D.R. Taylor, of Lowell, Mass.    pg.759
HON. AUSTIN ADAMS,  Judge of the Supreme Court of Iowa, Dubuque; is a native of Vermont, and was born at Andover, Windsor Co., May 24, 1826; his parents were both  natives of New England; he commenced life as a farmer boy, being trained to habits of economy and industry, qualities which have been invaluable to him in all subsequent life.  After closing his studies in the common schools, he, in his 14th year, entered Black River Academy to complete his preparatory studies, and, in his 19th year, entered the Sophomore Class of Dartmouth College at Hanover, N.H., from which he graduated. Being of a studious disposition, his taste inclined to the legal profession, and his desire for it was increased by frequently attending the courts and listening to the arguments of the advocates.  After leaving college, he accepted the situation of Principal of the Academy at West Randolph, Vt., employing his leisure time in studying law. He afterward, attended the Harvard Law School, and was admitted to practice at Windsor, Vt., in January, 1854, being examined by Hon. Jacob Collamer, since United States Senator, and, before that time, Postmaster General in Taylor's Cabinet. After his admission to the bar, he formed a partnership with ex- Gov. Coolidge for a short time.  The State of Iowa being fast settled up, in the fall of 1854, he joined the western tide of emigration, and located in Dubuque, and determined to make it his future home. He engaged in the practice of  his profession and soon became one of the leading members of the bar in the State.  In October____he was elected  Judge of the Supreme Court of Iowa  for a term of six years.___cally, he has also been identified with the Republican party, but has taken__________ interest more than to perform his duties as a citizen. He has been for sometime the Regent of the State University of Iowa, and in his own city was, for a time, President of the Board of Education. In 1857, he was united in marriage to Miss Mary Newberry, a daughter of Rev. Samuel Newberry, a Presbyterian clergyman.     pg.759-760
GEORGE HENRY ADE, of the firm of Ruegamer & Ade, butcher and dealers in fresh and salted meats, No. 1216 Iowa street, Dubuque; was born in the city of London, England, Feb. 14, 1830; he grew up and served an apprentice at the butchering business, for which his father paid f70 for him to learn the trade; he used to serve the Queen's residence, Buckingham Palace, with meat, and he also served the Duke of Wellington, he remembers distinctly of doing so when a meeting of the Emperors was held there; he emigrated to America in 1854, and came to Dubuque Co., and, after a brief experience in farming for six weeks, he began working at his trade in Dubuque, and the following year, 1856, he went into partnership with his present partner, John Ruegamer, and they have carried on the business for twenty-four years; and are one of the oldest firms in the city without change.  Mr. Ade has been twice married; his first wife was Miss Annie Court, a native of Somersetshire, England; she died in 1867, leaving one son- Charlie; his present wife was Miss Emma Court, also a native of Somersetshire, England; they have one son- Harry.     pg.760
WILLIAM AITCHISON,Jr., farmer, Sec. 13; P.O. Cascade; born  in Scotland April 5, 1837; emigrated to America in 1855; for two years and six month in New York City, and eight years thereafter in Chicago, was engaged in merchandising,, when ill heath caused a change of occupation and residence to his present farm, in 1865; has a farm of 137 acres, and has not striven to increase his landed possessions; from philanthropic views, he has been a life-long worker for the benefit of others rather than for himself; he penned the call for a meeting of  those favorable to the organization of the Y.M.C.A. in Chicago, and was one of the three men who made the first organization of the Association there in 1856; was the first Secretary of   Y.M.C.A. in that city; was also an earnest worker there in Sunday-school mission work; he supplied the pulpit of the Cascade Baptist Church for a year, when ill health compelled him to resign.  On the 23d birthday, he was united in marriage to Miss Harriet A. Babcock, of Chicago; they have five children, all of whom yet live to bless their household- William C., Albert W., Lydia Grace, John Y., and Harriet Ruth.  Mr. A's father-William- was born in Scotland Sept,6, 1796; and his mother Agnes- was born in Scotland Feb. 4, 1799; they were married in 1824, and came to America in 1855; they, with six children- Rev. Dr. Aitchison, of Eau Claire, Wis., James Aitchison, Mrs. A. Fairburn, Mrs. Anson, Mrs. D.A. McKinla, of  St. Paul, Minn.; and the subject of this sketch- are all pioneers in this county, and have ever been abundant in good works wherever they have lived.    pg.906
E.W. ALBEE, proprietor of the Fairbanks Bakery, No. 139 to 145 Second street, Dubuque; is a native of the State of Massachusetts, and came West to Iowa in 1857, and located in Dubuque; he bought an interest in the  Fairbanks Bakery in 1870, the firm being J.E. Fairbanks & Co., which continued for eight years, and since then Mr. Albee has continued the business and has built up the largest bakery trade that is done in this city, employing eighteen hands, men and boys; he manufactures all kinds of crackers and sweet machine goods; he ships his goods as far west as Yankton, and up and down the river from Clinton to Stillwater, Minn., and his trade is constantly increasing;. during the war, he enlisted in the 44th I.V.I.C, Co. A. Mr. Albee was united in marriage to Mrs. Mary P. Provoost, a native of Connecticut, and daughter of B.B. Provoost, of this city. They have two children- one son Frank Stewart, and one daughter, Grace.     pg.760
GEORGE ALBRECHT, dealer in fresh and salted meats, No. 111 Julien avenue, Dubuque; is a native of Wisconsin, and was born in Saukville, Ozaukee Co., Nov. 21, 1857; he grew up and attended school there, and came to Dubuque in 1879, and engaged in his present business, and is building up a nice trade.     pg.760
REV. J. B. ALBROOK, A.M., Principal of Epworth Seminary, Epworth; born in Clarion Co., Penn, July 18, 1844; came with  his parents, to Delaware Co., Iowa in 1857; in 1863,  he enlisted in the 2d I.V.C., where he served his country faithfully till the close of the war; he then entered Cornell College, graduating with full honors in the classical course in 1870, having made the best record in his class; the fall, he entered the Upper Iowa Conference, and was sent his first three years to Central City, which charge he left largely increased in spiritual and financial power, with a new church and parsonage; he was sent to Earlville one year, and then to Dyersville three years, the membership being doubled in that time; he was then stationed at Maquoketa, with grand benefits resulting to the church there; his finely disciplined mind and untiring working force have made him a brilliant record since he entered college; his editorship of the Collegian, at Cornell, evinced fine ability, further proven by later work as editor of various camp-meeting journals and the authorship of a book, "The Sunday School Assembly of the Northwest;" he has been secretary or President of various county and State Sunday School Associations, etc.; has been Chaplain of Grand Lodge of Good Templars and Chief Superintendent of Juvenile Templars, and has done noble work for temperance in Epworth, evidenced by a fine silverware testimonial from the citizens of the place, in memory of his services; the seminary, under his care, is making grand strides upward, and will so continue, for its Principal is a constant worker and knows no such word as fail.     pg.930
N.L. ALDEN, proprietor of the Key City Spice Mills, No. 254 to 258 Fourth street, Dubuque; is a native of East Stoughton, Norfolk Co., Mass.; was born June 13, 1828; he came West to Iowa and located in Dubuque in July, 1856; he engaged in the boot and shoe business and continued for a number of years; in 1872, he bought the  Key City Spice Mills, which were established some years previous; he has built up a good trade; he manufactures for both the jobbing and retail trade, and the goods manufactured by him have a standard reputation.  Mr. Alden has been twice married; his first wife was Miss Mercey J. Andrews, from Massachusetts; she died April 13, 1873, leaving five children; he married his present wife, Mrs. Abbie M. Orcutt, in August, 1874.     pg.760
RICHARD ALDERSON, farmer, Sec. 32; P.O. Box Rickardsville; born Oct. 1, 1823 in Yorkshire, England; in 1853, came to Dubuque Co.; first worked by the day, and as his circumstances would admit, he bought a small quantity of land and engaged in farming, and now owns 800 acres and is out of debt; this large property he has earned by hard work.  He was married to Alice Guy July 15, 1843; she was born in England; they have eight children-George, Thomas, James, Richard, John, Elizabeth A., Anthony and Hannah E.  The wages he earned for the first two months after his marriage he gave to his father, then came to America when he had earned enough to pay passage for himself and family.     pg.947
THOMAS ALDERSON,  general merchandise, Sec. 29; P.O. Rickardsville; born June 25, 1850, in Yorkshire, England; when he was about 4 years of age he came with his parents to Dubuque Co.  He married Miss Margaret Conley in 1869, she was born in Iowa; they have three children- Margaret A., Thomas E. and John.    pg.947
W.P. ALLEN, wholesale and retail dealers in drugs, medicine, paints and oils, 256 Main street, Dubuque; is a native of Mason Co., Ky, and was born Sept. 18, 1824; in 1837, his father went to St. Louis when he was 12 years of age; he  grew up to manhood there and learned the printing business; in 1844, he came to Dubuque and engaged in mining; in the winter of 1845-46 he went to St. Louis, on the 9th of December he crossed the river here in the stage on the ice, and when he got to St. Louis, the river was frozen there, and he crossed on the ice; in the  fall of 1847, he returned to Dubuque and located permanently; in the spring of 1848, he entered the store of Dr. Mason as clerk, and was with him until the spring of 1851, when he engaged in the drug business for himself, and has continued that business since then in the same block in which he is now located; he has carried on the business over twenty-eight years, a longer time than any druggist in Dubuque. In 1850, he was united in marriage to Miss Mary H. Baird, a native of Kentucky; they have one daughter- Mary Louise, now Mrs. Morris A. Hayward, living in Springfield, Ohio.     pg. 760-761
HON. WILLIAM B. ALLISON, Dubuque. William Boyd Allison a native of Ohio, was born in Perry, Wayne Co., on the 2s of March, 1829; his parents being John and Margaret (Williams) Allison. His youth was spent in aiding his father to cultivate a farm, and in attending common school a few months each year; his early manhood was devoted to studies in Allegheny College, Meadville, Penn. and Western Reserve College, Hudson, Ohio. He commenced studying law in Wooster, the latter State, in 1850, and was admitted at the Wayne county bar two years later; he practiced awhile in Ashland, Ohio, and, in 1857, moved to Dubuque, Iowa, which has since been his home. Mr. Allison applied himself closely to his profession and built up a large practice in a very short time. He immediately identified himself with every local enterprise tending to further the interest of Dubuque and the State, and became almost from the start, a leader in more than one important movement. When the rebellion, in 1861, Mr. Allison was appointed on the staff of Gov. Kirkwood as one of his aids, and acted with great efficiency until 1862, when he was elected to Congress; thrice he was re-elected, serving in all, eight years in the Lower House.  He entered Congress in the darkest hours of our political history since independence was gained; rigorously supported every measure for suppressing the rebellion, and took advanced ground on the methods for accomplishing that end; he was one of the hopeful members of that body, and believed the rebellion would be crushed out. During the first two years he was a member of Congress, he introduced a bill for improving the navigation of the Mississippi, and had the happiness of seeing the measure succeed, he being one of its ablest and most earnest supporters.  It was through his influence that the land grant was secured for the railroad leading westward to McGregor, Iowa. While in Congress, he voted for all the Constitutional Amendments, and earnestly supported every Republican measure, such as the Civil Rights Bill and the Freedman's Bureau Bill. During the last six years that he was in the Lower House, he was on the Committee of Ways and Means, and showed, by his efficiency, the wisdom of the selection.  He did himself much credit, and rose higher and higher at the close of each session; his speeches were prepared with much care, have great logical strength and some of them have been much sought for and widely circulated.  On leaving Washington, in March, 1871, Mr. Allison returned to his home in Iowa, and aided in pushing on several enterprises of great local importance.  But the people of Iowa were not done with his services.  In January, 1872, he was elected to the United States Senate, succeeding Hon. James Harlan. In 1878, he was again elected to the United States Senate. In the Upper House, he has proved himself and indefatigable worker on the Committees on Appropriations, Pension, Indian Affairs and Library.  In the summer of 1875, he was appointed on the the Commissioners to negotiate with the Sioux Indians for the sale of the Black Hills, but the attempts at negotiation were a failure.  Mr. Allison has always acted with the Republican party, and in Iowa ha been one of its leaders; he attends the Presbyterian Church. On the 5th day of June, 1873, he married Miss Mary Nealley, of Burlington, Iowa.    pg.761
JAMES H. ALLISON, farmer, Sec.8;P.O. Peosta; born in Wayne Co., Ohio, July 27, 1835; came to Dubuque Co. in May 1865; he has been engaged in farming most of his life, though he taught school for some time in Ohio.  In the civil was, he was a member of Co. I, 163d Regt.,  O.N.G.; his farm here embraces 302 acres, including ten acres in Iowa Township.  His wife, nee Cornelia Boots, was a native of Richland Co., Ohio.  They were married Feb. 19, 1861; have two children living- John M. and William B., and three died in infancy.  Mr. Allison's father, John Allison, born in Pennsylvania in 1798, was one of the pioneers of Wayne Co., Ohio, coming there from Pennsylvania in 1820, and thence to Dubuque, Co. in 1865; the mother, Margaret Allison, died in 1861; but three of the family now remain- the father, an active, clear-headed, genial old gentleman of 82, William B., U.S. Senator and James K., the subject of this sketch.   pg.928
JOHN D. ALSOP, attorney at law, Dyersville; born May 4, 1822, in Derbyshire, England; in 1854, came to Dubuque Co., he commenced reading law in 1863, and was admitted to the bar in 1866; has been in constant practice since. Married Hentietta Potter in 1853; she was born in 1822, in Derbyshire, England; died in 1867;   they have three children- Lizzie, Charles E. and Blanche; second marriage , to Miss M. Hatch, of Adrian, Mich.; she was born in Michigan.
JACOB ALTHAUSERcooper, 2316 Couler avenue, Dubuque; was born in Baden, Germany, Dec. 29, 1833; he came to America in 1854, and came to Dubuque the same year; he learned his trade here; he engaged in business in 1860, and has carried on the business since then; he is a member of the order of the I.O.O.F.  In 1860, he married Miss Margaret Jones, from Schleswig, Germany; they have six children- Mary, Charlie, Jacob, Emerine, Maggie, Helen.          pg.761-762
J.C. ALTHAUSER, dealer in confectionery, toys and fancy goods, 844 Main  street, Dubuque; is a native of Dubuque Co , and was born  in the city of Dubuque in 1855;  he grew up and attended school here, and, after reaching  manhood  he engaged in his present business, and is building up a nice trade.  Mr. Althauser is a member of the Knights of Pythias.     pg.  762
THEODORE ALTMAN, proprietor of Harmony Hall Hotel, corner of Clay and Seventh streets, Dubuque;  is a native of Luxemburg, Germany, and was born Aug. 13, 1832; he emigrated to America,  in 1857, and came to Dubuque the same year; in 1866, he bought his present hotel, Harmony Hall, which for a long time was one of the prominent buildings in that part of the city.  Mr. Altman was the first man to start the Luxembourg Gazette and the Iowa newspapers; he holds the office of city Alderman.  In 1859, he was married to Miss Mary Stock,  a native of Luxemburg, Germany; they have four children, two sons and two daughters- Frank, clerk in the office of P. Kiene & Son; Peter, Lucy, Mary.      pg. 762
A. ANDERSON,  farmer, Sec. 27; P.O. Dubuque; born in Erie Co., Penn., Oct. 24, 1820; came to Dubuque Co. in April 1842; for some twenty years, he was employed as Government Surveyor, his professional labors extending over wide regions in Iowa, Wisconsin and Dakota, and involving much hardship and frequent perilous adventures; his farm embraces 160 acres , located in Sec. 21,22,27 and 28.  Politically he affiliates with the Republican party, and he takes a warm interest in whatever pertains to the welfare of his community.  Mr. A. was married, June 8, 1847 to Miss Sarah J. Scott, daughter of Matthew and Elizabeth Scott, formerly of Baltimore, Md.;they have ten children-Flora (now Mrs. John Vigars, of Farley),Geneal (now in Colorado), Minnie, Eugene, Lillie, Mary, Cora, Willie, Eddie and Tress.     pg.965
WILLIAM I. ANDERSON, farmer, Sec. 4; P.O. Peosta; born in Kentucky Nov. 13, 1814; he came to Southern Indiana in 1830; thence to Dubuque Co. in 1835; was engaged in mining during the winter of 1835-36, but has farmed most of the time since; he lived neat Sherrill's' Mound till 1844, then in Iowa Township till 1867, since which time he has resided on his present farm of 173 acres in Vernon Township.  He is identified with the Methodist Church, and with the Democratic party; has been County Surveyor, Justice of the Peace, etc.   Mr. Anderson has been married three times; first to E.J. Denny; second to Hester Hillman; third to Mrs. Jane Averill; he has had four children by the first marriage, seven by second, and four by the third; eight of his children are yet living.   pg.928
NICHOLAS ANDREschool teacher, Sec. 14; P.O. Luxemburg; born Jan. 25, 1855, in Liberty Township; he owns eighty acres of land; has been teaching school since 1876; he is also Township Assessor; was elected in 1879.  Married Lizzi Ungs Feb. 5, 1880; she was born in Liberty Township.  Catholic.   pg.954
H.M. ANDRES, manufacturer of fine cigars, and dealer in all kinds of tobacco pipes, etc., No. 724 Main street, Dubuque; is a native of Germany, and was born  in Schleswig-Holstein March 23, 1833;  he grew up and learned his business there and came to America in 1851; he came West to Iowa, and located in Dubuque Dec. 1, 1857, and began working at his trade. During the war, he was in the service, and was a member of the St. Charles, (Mo) battalion. In May. 1860, he married Miss Sophia Beck, a native of Wurtemburg, Germany; they have seven children, two sons and five daughters.Mr. Andres is a member of Veterans Reserve Corps, and also a member of the Order of Foresters.   pg. 762
WILLIAM ANDREW, of the firm of  Andrew Treadway & Sons, wholesale dealer in heavy and shelf hardware, Nos. 484 and 488 Main street, Dubuque; is a native of Scotland,  and was born Nov. 20, 1820;  he grew up to manhood there, and came to America in 1842, came to Dubuque in 1846; in 1849 he went to California and returned in 1852, and bought the lot and  built the store they now occupy; the following year, in the fall of 1853, he associated with him his present partner Mr. Treadway, and the house of Andrew & Treadway was then established, and has continued for over a quarter of a century; in addition to their large double store, which is crowded with goods, they have a large warehouse, fronting on Iowa street, which is packed full of iron and heavy hardware, and carriage timber, in packages for their jobbing trade;  they probably carry the heaviest stock in the city, and are required to do so in order to meet the demands of their extensive trade.   Mr. Andrew has been connected with the Commercial National Bank, as stockholder and Director since its organization.  In 1852, he was united in marriage to Miss Cornelia W. Hamilton, a native of Ohio, and  a daughter of Rev. Hiram Hamilton; they have four sons and four daughters.   pg. 762
JAMES F. ANSON, farmer, Sec. 24; P.O. Cascade; born  in the city of Dubuque Feb. 24, 1843; is a through farmer, and quite and extensive one, as is proven by the able management of the 248-acre farm on which he resides .He is a member of the Baptist Church and of the Republican party; three years of his life were given to the service of the Union in the civil war, as a soldier in Co. H, 16th I.V.I.; his regiment was attached to the Seventeenth Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, and participated in the numerous battles in which that gallant command was engaged-siege of Vicksburg, Shiloh, Iuka, etc. and with Sherman in the grand march from Chattanooga to the sea, and at the final review at Washington.  He was married, in 1873, to Mrs. Isabella Y. Hamilton, daughter of William Aitchison, Dr.; he has one daughter- Isabella H. Anson, and two step-sons- William W. Hamilton and Charles E. Hamilton.   pg.906
THEODOR ARENSsaloon, Luxemburg; he was born in Luxemburg, Germany, March 30, 1846; in 1850, he came to Jackson Co.; in 1872, he came to Dubuque Co.; he owns twenty-eight acres of land, with his house, barn, etc. Married Mrs. Goebel in 1872; she was born in Luxemburg, Germany; have two children-Nick and Ernst.  She has four children by a former marriage-Henry,Antony,Katie and Peter. Catholic.   pg.954
THOMAS ARMSTRONG,   manufacturer of carriages buggies and sleighs, corner of Jones and Locust streets, Dubuque;is a native of  Ireland, and emigrated to America in 1853; he finished learning his trade in New York, and came to Dubuque November, 1854;  he held the position of foreman for Mr. A.A. Cooper, the  extensive wagon manufacturer, for a number of years; in May of 1865, he engaged in business for himself on Third street, and carried on the business for ten years; then he built his present factory. When he began he had very little, but he has built up a good business; he manufactures spring wagons, carriages and buggy work, and owes his success to his own efforts.        pg. 762
BEN ARQUITTproprietor of stone quarries, Farley; is a native of New York State, and was born in Syracuse June 6, 1848; his parents came to Iowa in 1857, and located in Duubuque Co.; he grew up to manhood here; he is engaged in quarrying and shipping stone; he owns forty-five acres of quarry land; the stone is of a very superior quality, and has an excellent reputation wherever used.  In 1871, Mr. Arquitt  was united in marriage to Miss Bridget Murphy, from Auburn, N.Y.;  they have three children- Clara, Agnes and Gertrude.   pg.929-930
JOSEPH ATKINSON, farmer, Sec. 29; P.O. Rickardsville; born March 22, 1809 in the county of Durham, England; in 1821 he came to Pennsylvania; in 1832, he came to Dubuque Co., where he has since lived, and is one of the first settlers of the county; he entered about one-half a section of land, and now own 119 acres.  Married Jane Houps March 22, 1836; she was  born in England; they have thirteen children- Joseph, Jonathan, Margaret, Hannah, John W., Aaron, Mary J., Esther A., Michael, Phillis, Frank E., and Thomas E. (twins) and Minnie F.    pg.947
S.A. ATHERTONmanager of the Key City Barrel Co., Iowa street, between Second and Third streets, Dubuque: is a native of Orleans Co., Vt. and  was born Sept. 4, 1839; he grew up to manhood there;  when the war broke out he enlisted in Co.A, 2d N.H.V.I.; he was in the first battle of Bull Run and Williamsburg.  He served in the service about two years, then returned, and, in 1865, was united in marriage, in Vermont, to Miss Helen L. Everest; the following year, he came West to Dubuque, and reached here June 19, 1866; in 1868, he engaged in coopering business.  The present company was organized in March 1878; they do a very large business, employing about fifty to one hundred men, with a capacity for manufacturing 2,000 barrels per week; they have two stave factories, one here and one in Wisconsin, where they make their own barrel staves.  Mr. Atherton is connected with the Knights of Pythias, the I.O.O.F. and the Order of Workmen.  pg. 762-763
S.B. AUSTIN, farmer, Sec. 16; P.O. Peosta; born in Ireland Aug. 11, 1835; came to America in August 1847; stopped two years in New York, and came to Dubuque Co. in 1849; has farmed since coming here, except two years employed on Illinois Central Railroad; has a farm of eighty acres.   Mr. Austin acts with the Republican party; is also a member of the Presbyterian Church; his wife, Emma Kirby, was born in Dubuque Co. Oct. 10, 1846.  They were married April 7, 1864; have six children- George B., William, P. Lila M., Bertha and James.   pg.928
THOMAS AUSTIN, farmer, Sec. 21; P.O. Peosta; born in Ireland July 22, 1837; came to America in 1847; to Dubuque Co. in 1849; engaged in farming; has a farm of 120 acres; has held township offices.  Is a member of the Presbyterian Church, and a Republican.  Was married in 1862 to Mary Gauchet, a native of New York; has three children living; five died; those living are John, Alfred and Ell.   pg.928
M. BAAL, cigar maker, 1355 Iowa street, Dubuque; was born in Pittsburgh, Penn. in 1843; his parents came West in 1852, and settled in Dubuque Co.; he grew up in this county; during the war he enlisted in Co. E, 21st I.V.I.; he was in five battles, and was severely wounded at Vicksburg; he learned his trade in Dubuque, and began business for himself in 1876.  He married Miss Mary Hoerner, daughter of Andrew Hoerner, of Dubuque, in October, 1873; they have two sons- Alvin Fred and John Andrew.    pg.763
JOHN BAEHLER, of the firm of Stahlman, Reed & Co.,  dealers in staple and fancy groceries, 640  Main street, Dubuque: is a native of Switzerland, and was born Dec. 16, 1845; his parents came to  America in 1854, they  came to Dubuque the same year and located in Swiss Valley, Table Mound Township;  he grew up here;when 15 years of age, he entered the store of John Klein, and was with him nine years; in 1874, he entered their present store as clerk and in 1879, he became one of the firm of Stahlman, Reed & Co.; they transact the largest retail grocery business in Dubuque.  Mr. Baehler was united in marriage in Chicago, Oct. 14, 1874,  to Miss Rebecca  Long,  a native of Indiana;  they have two children- Nettie and Fannie. He belongs to the Masonic Order, and to the United Workmen.   pg.763
ALBERT BAEUMLEfirm of Ferring & Baeumle, proprietor of New Vienna Brewery; he was born Oct. 22, 1856, in  Dubuque Co.;  the brewery was built in 1874, by his father and Mr. Ferring, the present Sheriff of this county; he bought out his father's interest in May, 1879. Married Miss Mary Hess Feb. 2, 1880; she was born in Dubuque Co.; her parents now reside in Liberty Township.
ANDREW BAHLfarmer, Sec. 24; P.O. Dubuque; born Nov. 30, 1833, in Alsace, France; in 1845, he came with his parents to Dubuque Co.; in 1850, he went to California,  remaining there till 1853, when he returned to Dubuque Co.; he owns 320 acres of land; part of this land was entered by his father; he was elected a member of the Legislature in 1865, and served two years;he has been six years a member of the Board of Supervisors; has been eleven years Assessor; has been Township Clerk for past nine years; has been Township Treasurer, Justice of the Peace and Constable; he has been School Director for the past twenty-three years; is also Tresuser of the School Board.  Married Mary Engler July 14, 1856; she was born in Prussia;had ten children, nine of whom are living-Emma, Maggie, Andrew, George, Joseph A., Anna, Frank, Ida and Jacob P.; lost Mary, in 1878, aged 21 years.  Is Catholic in religion and Democratic in politics.    pg.961
RICHARD BAKER, Jrfarmer and stock-raiser,Sec. 25;P.O. Farley; born Oct. 18,1828, in Somersetshire, England; in 1850 he came to Dubuque Co.; worked by the month for a short time; as soon as his circumstances would admit, he bought a small tract of land and engaged in farming; he now owns over 1,000 acres, and is one of the wealthiest and most extensive farmers in the county, and is entirely free from debt; he has also assisted others in securing farms.  Married Elizabeth Wall in 1852; she was born in Somersetshire, England; they have five children-Elizabeth,William,Jane,R.W. and Mary L.  They belong to the M.E. Church.     pg.955
C.S. BALDWIN, M.D.,  physician and surgeon, Farley; is a native of Delaware Co., N.Y. and was born April 3, 1835; he grew up and received his education in that State; and began reading medicine; he came West to Cincinnati and completed his medical studies, and graduated at the Physio-Medical College, under President A. Curtis;  he came to Dubuque in 1860, and in the fall of 1861 came to Farley, and engaged in the practice of medicine;he was the first physician in Farley, and continued the practice of his profession until within the past few years, when he has given the most of his time to the interests of his drug business, which is the only drug store in Farley.  He has held offices of Town Trustee and school offices;  he is a member of Order of I.O.O.F. In 1859, Dr. Baldwin  was united in marriage to Miss Mary A. Miller, from Vestal, Broome Co., N.Y.;  they have five  children- Ella, now Mrs. A.W. Graham, of Storm Lake, Flora, Herbert, Elmer and Edith.    pg.930
ISAAC W. BALDWIN, editor and proprietor of the  Cascade Pioneer; is a son of William Baldwin and Mary Slichter, and was born Jan. 31, 1835, at Blair, Waterloo Co., Canada West; he removed, with his parents, in 1846, to Saginaw, Mich., and, in 1853, came with them to Cascade, Iowa.  His father was a tanner and currier, therefore young Isaac was trained to the same trade until coming to Iowa, when his father went to farming, and the subject of this sketch went to Galena and served as Assistant Postmaster from 1854 to 1866; he was also, a portion of the time, proprietor of the De Soto House; the latter was conducted on a very liberal plan, and did not prove a paying investment; an example of his liberality is seen in the grand farewell entertainment which he gave to Lieut. Gen. U.S. Grant in 1865, prior to the General's departure for Washington; this was the society event of the season; Gen. Dick Oglesby, Gen. John A. Logan, Gov. Cullom, Hon. E.B. Washburne, Jesse K. Dubois and other State notables were present.  Mr. Baldwin was married in Galena, on the 17th of November, 1860, to Miss Hellen Mackay, a daughter of Col. Eneas Mackay, of the U.S. Army; his children by this union are Bruce Legate, born April 29, 1862; Waltenham Eugene, Oct. 29,1863; Maud Mary,, Nov. 21, 1865; Charles Dunn, Oct. 2, 1867, and Hellen M., Sept. 5, 1869.  Mrs. H. Baldwin died Jan. 17, 1872.  After leaving the post office in Galena,  Mr. Baldwin resided in St. Louis until the autumn of 1867, when he returned to Cascade, where he has since resided; he was, for several years, connected with Frank May in the liquor business; then, for a year, he managed the American House, and in June, 1877, became editor and proprietor of the Cascade Pioneer, which is the only paper now published in this city.  On the 23d of September, 1874, he married his second wife, Miss Jean Hays  McGregor, daughter of Joseph McGregor, of Dubuque, by whom he has three children-Mae Bernice, born Aug. 15, 1875; Frank Leckly, Dec. 16, 1876, and Maggie, Dec. 22,1878; Hellen and Maggie both died in infancy.  Mr. Baldwin has been Justice of the Peace for six years in Whitewater Township.  He has been a Democrat from early boyhood, but was a loyal supporter of the Government during the rebellion, his model statesman being Stephen A. Douglas and not Jeff Davis; he represented the Democracy of Jo Daviess Co., Ill., in State Convention continuously from 1856 to 1862; was Chairman of the Third Congressional District in 1866, and stumped the district with Hon. Thomas J. Turner, and against Hon. E.B. Washburne.  He is a member of the Odd Fellows, and is the Master Workman i the Ancient Order of United Workmen.  He is a ready writer and public-spirited citizen.  In religion he is liberal.  The Pioneer is Independent.   pg.906-907
J. BALE, gas and steam fitter, corner of Eighth and Main streets, Dubuque: is a native of England and was born at Barnstable, Devonshire, August 26, 1813; he came to the United States in 1851; his eldest son was an architect and came to Dubuque to draw the plans for the St. Cloud Hotel, and, through his influence, his father came here in 1856;  he has been engaged in bell hanging, gas and steam fitting.  In 1837, Mr. Bale was united in marriage to Miss Mary Galliford, a native of Barnstable, Devonshire,England and was born  Feb. 18,1813;they have seven children-Albert G., now Pastor of Congregational Church at Melrose, near Boston, Mass; John J.,; Edward E., during the war enlisted when only 16 years of age, and came home Captain of his company; Lionel, express messenger; Eliza A., Mary E.; Emily R., now Mrs.__D. Smalley, of Des Moines; she is a graduate of Iowa College, and was engaged in teaching, and was Principal of the High School at Waverly, Iowa.   pg.763
JOHN M. BALLOU, attorney at law.   pg.763
FRANK S. BANGHART, clothing merchant; son of G.G. Banghart, of Cascade; was born Feb. 12, 1852, in Washington Township, Jones Co., near Cascade, Dubuque Co., Iowa; his minority was passed at home on the farm and in his father's store, and at Cornell College and Bailey's Commercial College, Mt. Vernon, Iowa; on attaining his majority, he started a store for the sale of clothing and gents' furnishing goods, which he still carries on, and has much the largest stock in his line to be found in Cascade.  He was  married, Sept. 20, 1876, to Miss Maggie Moore; they have one child- Bernice, born Sept. 1878.  He speaks German; is a Democrat; is social, popular and successful.    pg.907
GEORGE G. BANGHART, the oldest merchant in Cascade; is the son of William Banghart and Mary A. Sutton, and was born Feb. 11, 1817, in Belvidere, Warren Co., N.J.; his father died when George was only 7, and , at 15, he went to Michigan and learned the trade of a baker, and afterward clerked in a store; when only 20 years of age, he formed a partnership with A.B. Newcomb & Co., in Pontiac, Mich.; soon after his majority, he became sole proprietor in a large bakery and a provision and grocery store; the panic of 1837 brought back to first principles, but, having good credit, he started a grocery store in 1838, which was burned in the summer of 1839; immediately rented another store and went into general merchandising; ran the store two years, then, in 1841, came to Cascade, bringing several hundred dollars worth of dry goods, which he sold in Caleb Bucknam's Hotel.  He was married Feb. 11, 1838 (his 21st birthday), to Miss Eliza A. Bucknam, daughter of Caleb Bucknam, Sheriff of Oakland Co., Mich.; they had ten children, seven of whom are now living- George C., born in April, 1839, and died in August 1879; Carrie A., married R.J. McVay, a merchant in Cascade; William J., grain-buyer, Cascade; Frank S., clothier; Henry J., merchant, Monmouth, Jones Co.; Oscar H., partner of his father in general merchandising; May L., in Rockford Seminary, Illinois; Fannie V., now at home; two other children died in infancy.  He has passed through several panics, but has in every instance paid one hundred cents on a dollar; he has been the subject of several accidents, but escaped without serious physical injury; when his store was struck by lightning in 1852, and a keg of powder exploded, thereby blowing out on side of the store and doing $2,000 damage, he was writing at his desk and was  temporarily stunned, and none in the building killed; he has been Supervisor several times and held other township offices; he has been identified with the entire development of Cascade; he is the largest stockholder in the Chicago, Bellevue, Cascade & Western Narrow Gauge Railroad, and has been Director from its organization and was at one time Vice President and Treasurer.  For several years, he has not been connected with any church, but his wife is a member of the M.E. Church, to which he also contributes, and he had aided in the erection of all the churches in the city.  He has a farm of 800 acres in Jones Co., just south of and adjoining the city; there are three tenant houses on the farm, and his own residence is first-class in all its appointments.  He is a conservative Democrat, but supported the Government through the war, believing with Douglas that then there could by only two parties- patriots and traitors.  He is earnest, social, tireless; attends closely to his varied interests, and is regarded as the leading business man  of Cascade.    pg.907-908
GEORGE BARNARD, proprietor of the Key City House, cor. Main and Third street, Dubuque; is a native of  Rochester, N.Y.; he grew up to manhood  there and at Niagara, where he lived twenty years; he was connected with the New York Central Railroad for a number of years, and was connected with the Customs Department of the Government for five years, at Suspension Bridge; he came to Dubuque in 1874, and became associated with his brother in the hotel business, the Lorimer House, and continued there until October, 1879, when he opened the Key City House.  In 1870, Mr. Barnard was united in marriage to Miss Mary E. Sage, from Lockport, N.Y.; they have three children.   pg.763
WILLIAM BARNARD, proprietor of the Lorimer House, cor. Julien avenue and Bluff street; is a native of Rochester, N.Y., and was born Oct. 28, 1818;  he grew up to manhood in that State, he came to Iowa and located in Dubuque in 1856; he has been connected with the Lorimer House since 1861; it is one of the largest and best hotels in the State, and is deservedly popular with the traveling community.  Mr. Barnard  was united in marriage to Miss Lydia P. Houghton, from Avon Springs, N.Y., Sept. 30, 1848.   pg.763
RICHARD BARRY, farmer,  Sec.24 ; P.O. Tivoli; born Jan. 27, 1827, in  Ireland; in 1847, came to New Jersey, in 1849 to Connecticut, in 1857 he came to Dubuque Co., where he has since lived; he owns 280 acres of land; is Township Treasurer, School Director, etc. Married  Miss Catharine Waldron Jan. 10, 1851; she was born in Ireland in 1834;  they have twelve children- six sons and six daughters.
HENRY J. BAULE, dealer in groceries and provisions, 822 Main street, Dubuque; was born in Prussia, Germany, May 25, 1840; his parents emigrated to America and came to Dubuque  in 1842; they both died the same year. He grew up to manhood here.  After the war broke out he enlisted in the 21st. I.V.I., Co. C, and was in the service three years; he was in the battles of Fort Gibson, Champion Hill, Black River and the charge on Vicksburg, and in other battles and skirmishes.  After the war he returned, and, in 1868, he engaged in his present business, and has built up a good trade; Mr. Baule had nothing when he began and owes his success to his own efforts. He married Miss  Mary Michael, a native of  France, Jan 1, 1867; they have six children-Annie, Henry, Florence, Frank, Andrew and Edward.       pg.764
JOHN BAUMANfarmer, Sec. 6; P.O. Sherrill's Mount; born April 18, 1822, in Bavaria; in 1835, came to New York with his parents; in 1837 to Medina Co., Ohio; in 1846 he came to Dubuque Co.; he owns 190 acres of land; has been Assessor, Justice of the Peace, Constable, Township Treasurer, etc.  Married Mary Witter in 1852; she was born in Baden; they have seven children- Bertha, Catharine, John, Mary, Charles., Elizabeth and Emil T.  Members of the M.E. Church; Republican.    pg.947
REV. JOHN BAUMANNPastor of St. Paul's Catholic Church, Worthington; he was born Feb. 15, 1846 in Columbus, Ohio; at age of 14, he attended the University of Notre Dame, and completed his studies at the St. Francis Seminary, Milwaukee; he was ordained by Archbishop Henni in 1871; he was then sent to Waterloo, Iowa, as Assistant Pastor, thence to Newburn, Marion Co., where he was Pastor; in 1875 he came to Worthington, and was appointed Pastor of St. Paul's Church, which position he now holds; he is also Pastor of St. Mary's Catholic Church in Cascade; he established and is now managing the Roman Catholic school here, conducted by the Sisters.    pg.955
GABRIEL BAUMGARTNERfarmer, Sec. 12; P.O. Dubuque; born Feb. 18, 1824, in Switzerland; in 1846, he came to Wisconsin; in 1848, he came to Dubuque C.; he owns 210 acres of land; also a store and dwelling in Dubuque.  Married Elizabeth Jose in 1857; she was born in 1824  in Switzerland; have 9 children-Gabriel, Andrew, John, Edward, Elizabeth, Emma, Peter, Frank and George. He has four children by a former marriage- August, Walter, Lena and Mary.  Presbyterian.    pg.961
C. BAYLIESPresident of Baylies Commercial College, corner of Seventh and Main streets, Dubuque; is a native of Binghamton,N.Y.,  and was born Aug. 18,1839.  His father, Gen. John Baylies, was one of the most influential men in that section, and noted for his interest in educational matters.  In 1854, Gen. Baylies, with others, came West with the intention of founding a settlement, and he became one of the founders of the beautiful and enterprising town of Highland, twenty-five miles northeast of St. Joseph, Mo., and his family moved there three years later.  Highland University, now a flourishing institution, owes its existence to Gen. Baylies more than to any other man.  The school days of C. Baylies were ended there.  He served in the early months of the late war as an officer of the Kansas militia.  After leaving the service he decided to engage in business, and, as a preparatory step, he came to Dubuque in 1862, and entered Baylies Commercial College, then conducted by his cousin, A. Baylies, the founder.  A few months later he became an assistant in that school, and, in 1863, became partner.  His cousin died in Boston a few months later, on the 2d of August, 1863, since which time Prof. Baylies has been the sole manager of the institution known as Baylies Commercial School, founded in 1858, and incorporated in 1859; it is the oldest  school of the kind in Iowa; since 1863, under its present management the institution has gained rapidly in character, influence and patronage.    pg.764
JAMES BEACH, of the firm of  Pleins & Beach soap and candle manufacturers, corner of Dodge and Bluff streets, Dubuque; is a native of Dover, New Hampshire, and was born July 26, 1835; when 12 years of age he went to Lawrence, Mass., where he grew up to manhood; in 1856, he came to Chicago, and the following year came to Iowa, and located in Dubuque; he engaged in his present business with Mr. Pleins, and the firm of Pleins & Beach have carried on the business for twenty-three years, and  built up a good trade; they are the oldest firm without change except one in the city.  Mr. Beach has held the office of City Alderman. Mr. Beach was united in marriage to Miss Sadie Barr, from Springfield, Ohio, Jan. 14, 1873;  they have three children- George, Edward and Charles.    pg.764
M.H. BEACH attorney at law, cor. Main and Fifth streets; is a native of Seneca Co., N.Y., and was born May 22, 1828;  he grew up and received his preparatory education there, and entered Hamilton College and graduated in 1853; he came to Iowa and located in Dubuque in the  spring of 1856, and was admitted to the bar the same year; he engaged in the practice of law, and is one of the oldest attorneys in the profession here; during the war, he enlisted in the 44th I.V.I., and was commissioned Lieutenant of Co. A; he has served as a member of the Board of Education for several years.  In December, 1857,  he was united in marriage to Miss H.M. Hoskins, from  Seneca Co., N.Y.,  they have three children- Lansing H., who is a cadet at West Point; Harry L. and Woolsey E.    pg.764
DICKSON BEATTY, farmer, Sec. 26; P.O. Cascade; born  in Tyrone, Ireland, Dec. 17, 1832; at the age of 13,he came with his parents, Manes and Agnes Beatty, and three brothers, Alexander, John and Benjamin, came to Dubuque Co.; they had been preceded in the migration hither by his two brothers, James and David, and three sisters, Margaret, Sarah A. and Esther; from residences in Pennsylvania, Mississippi and New York, the family finally all collected here, and settled on adjoining farms in Dubuque and Jones Cos.  At the age of 26, with no capital except forty acres of wild land, the subject of this sketch started in business for himself, and since then, with clear head, industrious hands, and ceaseless energy, has worked his way into the possession of a handsome competence and the control of an exceedingly flourishing business; has 461 acres of land in Secs.17, 25, 26, 34, 35 and 36; his business is most largely dairy-farming and stock-raising, is thoroughly well managed, brings him a fine income, and he owes no man a dollar. In religion, a Baptist; in politics, a Republican. He was married in 1854 to Miss Ann J. Barton, who came here at an early age from Ireland with her parents, James and Margaret Barton; they have ten children, as yet all members of the pleasant home circle- Henry, John, Margaret J., James D., Lizzie, Sarah, Ulysses S.G., George W., Mabel A. and Frederick.     pg.908
W.J. BEATTY, dealer in confectionery and ice-cream, No. 155 Eight street, Dubuque; is a native of Philadelphia, and was born Aug. 21, 1852; his parents came to Dubuque in 1856, and settled near Cascade; he grew up to manhood there; he came to Dubuque in 1873, and entered a store as clerk; in 1879, he engaged in his present business.    pg.764
NICK BECK, of the firm of  Beck Bros., dealers in wines and liquors, corner of Tenth and Jackson streets; is a native of  Germany, and was born in Luxemburg Oct. 5, 1883; grew up to manhood there, and came to America   in 1857, and arrived in Dubuque June 6 of the same year; he has been engaged in business here since 1864.  In 1874, he went to Germany on a visit and returned in 1875.  William Beck, of the firm of Beck Bros., was born in Luxemburg, Germany Dec. 8, 1835; he grew up to manhood there, and came to America in 1857, and arrived in Dubuque  the same year; he has been engaged in business here since 1859.    pg.764-765
HENRY BECKER, dealer in groceries and provisions; No. 123 Locust street, Dubuque;  is a native of  Germany, and was born Aug. 12, 1842; he grew up to manhood there, and emigrated to America  in 1870; he lived in Cincinnati and in the State of Ohio about seven years.  While living there he married Miss Amelia Runck, a native of Cincinnati, in the spring of 1872.  In 1877 they came to Dubuque, and he engaged in his present business, and is building up a good trade.    pg.765
JOHN BEHR, farmer, Sec. 24; P.O. Sherrill's Mount; born May 10, 1810, in Bavaria; in 1846, he came to his present farm, consisting of 294 acres, with good buildings and well improved.  Married Margaret Beaurnshmitt in November 1846, by Bishop Loris of Dubuque; she was born March 5, 1821 in Bavaria; have five children; Charles J., Anna S. (now Mrs. Federspiel), Mary Kunis, Caroline S. (now Mrs. Runest), and John J.  Catholic.    pg.947
C.W. BELDENphysician and surgeon, Main street; is a native of  Greenfield, Saratoga Co., N.Y. and was born April 2, 1802; he grew up and received his education in that State; he studied medicine in Onondago Co., and graduated at Fairfield, Herkimer Co., in 1835; after graduating he began the practice of medicine in Genesee Co.; in 1855, he came West to Iowa, and located at Dubuque, and engaged in the practice of his profession, and has continued since then, a period of over twenty-four years.  He was one of the Board of Examining Surgeons for the army during the war; he has held the office of President of the School Board, and was connected with the Board for many years; he is one of the Board of Examiners for Pensions.  In 1838, he was united in marriage to Miss Frances Cummings, from Warsaw, N.Y.;  they have five children-two sons and three daughters.   pg.765
JOHN BELL, contractor and builder, Ninth and Locust streets, Dubuque; is a native of Scotland, and was born Dec. 15, 1827, he came to Montreal, Canada, in 1844, and came to Iowa, and located in Dubuque in November, 1853, and began working at the carpenter and joiner's trade; when the war broke out in 1861, he enlisted in the 1st I.V.I.,  Co. I; he was severely wounded in the battle of Wilson's Creek; he came home, and, after six months, the ball was extracted by Dr. Horr; he again went in the field, and served in the Quartermaster's Department until the close of the war; after his return he engaged in building, and since then has contracted and built many of the best buildings in the city.  In 1863, while in the army,  he was united in marriage to Miss Sarah Sutherland, a native of Glasgow, Scotland; they have one son- John A.   pg.765
CHARLES P. BELZ, dealer in groceries and provisions, corner of Seventh and White streets, Dubuque;  is a native of Germany, and was born in 1838;  his parents came to America when he was 9 years of age, and lived in St. Louis, and came to Dubuque in 1852;  he grew up to manhood here, and has lived here since, except that in 1857 he went to Missouri and spent several years; during the war he enlisted in Co. D, 5th I.V.I., under Captain Charles Mehl, of St. Louis; he was in the battles of Carthage and Wilson's Creek; he returned here and entered a store, and, in 1876, engaged in his present business.  He is connected with the Masons, the Order of  I.O.O.F. and the Order of Workmen.  In 1868,  he was united in marriage to Miss Elizabeth Mehl, daughter of George Mehl, Esq., of the city.   pg.765
GEORGE BENEDICT, druggist, Cascade; born Oct. 7, 1850, in Cayuga Co., N.Y.;  his father died when George was quite young, and ever since he was 12 years old he has "paddled his own canoe;" came West with his mother in 1866, and settled in Winnebago, Ill., and worked on a farm until 20, then attended school two years' and afterward taught two years; in 1874, he engaged in the drug business in  Winnebago, which he continued three years.  On the 4th of October, 1876, he married Miss Cora Moore, formerly of Massachusetts; they have one daughter, born Feb. 28, 1879, named Tolie Narcissa. In the spring of 1877, he located at Cascade, and purchased the drug establishment of Dr. Francis, and his is now conceded to be the leading drug store of the city.  Himself and wife are Methodists, and he is a Trustee and Steward in the M.E. Church;  is a member of the Ancient Order of the United Workmen; and is a reliable Republican; is deservedly popular both in social and business circles.    pg.908
F. I. BENSON, manager of the Western Union Telegraph Co., Dubuque; is a native of Erie Co., Penn., and was born Jan. 26, 1835;  he grew up to manhood in that State; when only 12 years of age he learned telegraphing; in 1848 he took President Taylor's message, it being one of the first annual Presidential messages ever telegraphed over the country; in January, 1861, he came to Dubuque, and was connected with the telegraph office until 1866, when he became manager of the Atlantic and Pacific Telegraph Co., and held that position for five years, until the consolidation of the two lines; he again became connected with the Western Union, and Jan. 1, 1879, was appointed manager of the office of the Company here.  In 1863, he was united in marriage to Miss Margaret L. Webster, a native of St. Louis, Mo.; they have two children- Annie W. and Margaret M.   pg.765
C.S. BENTLEY, of the firm of C.S. Bentley & Co., grain merchants; is a native of Schoharie Co., N.Y.; removed to Wisconsin in 1856.  Upon the breaking out of the rebellion, he enlisted as a private in the 2d Wis. V.C., Co. D; was promoted Sergeant, then First Lieutenant, and afterward to the captaincy of the company; he participated in several battles; when enroute from the battle of Prairie Grove to Wisconsin on recruiting service as ordered, his party arrived at Springfield, Mo., the morning previous to this battle; he served on Gen. E.B. Brown's staff, and, during this engagement, the General was severely wounded and removed from the field by Lieut. Bentley, aided by a soldier; the soldier proved to be Looby, late Adjutant General of Iowa; this pleasing incident was discovered in a conversation at a re-union near seventeen years afterward.  Capt. Bentley served nearly four years; the last year, being disabled from doing field duty, served on Gen. Osborn's staff as Acting Assistant Inspector General of the Cavalry Brigade.  Capt. Bentley was united in marriage to Miss Mary Duncan, a native of Galena, Ill., in October, 1864,  at Planters' House, St. Louis; starting with the battalion for Vicksburg, and while enroute with his wife and command, on board the steamer John J. Roe, when near New Madrid, in the night, the steamer struck a wreck heap and sank in sixty feet of water, drowning nearly four hundred horses; the soldiers were saved by a gunboat lying near by.  Mrs. Bentley and Maj. Dale's wife were the only ladies on board.  Mrs. B. can rightfully  lay claim to the vicissitudes of war; while at New Madrid, awaiting another transport, were awakened one night with a slight shock of an earthquake; one morning, while enjoying a horseback ride, Mrs. B. was violently thrown from her horse and seriously injured; she was driven back to camp in a veritable ambulance; later, while at Vicksburg with the Captain and a party of friends, driving outside the lines, through some misunderstanding, by order Gen. Dana, the ladies of the party were prohibited from returning, and Mrs. B. remained over night in the confederacy; after remaining a few months with her husband, braved the danger of navigation on the Mississippi in war times; leaving her husband and the army, returned home via St. Louis, on board of the steamer Mary Forsyth.  The captain was mustered out of service at Memphis.  Located in Vicksburg, planting cotton on the historic ground, taking in the Pemberton monument, marking the spot where Gens. Grant and Pemberton stood under the tree arranging for the surrender of Vicksburg; thence he removed to St. Louis, remaining eighteen months; came to Galena, Ill., in 1869; thence to Dubuque in 1874.  Was elected and commissioned Colonel of the 4th I.N.G., also served as Captain General of Siloam Commandery No. 3.  Mr. and Mrs. Bentley have three children- Marcia D., born in Vicksburg, Miss; Jessie M., Galena, Ill.; Virgia E., Galena, Ill.   pg.765-766
C.H. BERG, of the firm of Palmer, Winall & Co., blank-book manufactures, printers and book-binders, corner Sixth and Iowa  streets, Dubuque;  is a native of Pittsburgh, Penn., and was born March 15, 1841; his parents removed to Cincinnati when he was 9 years of age, and, four years later, they came to Galena, Ill., where he grew up and entered the office of the Galena Gazette and learned the printing business, and was foreman in that office when he enlisted, in 1862, in the 96th Ill.V.I., and was Orderly Sergeant of Co. A.; he was in every battle of the regiment- some fifteen in all; he was wounded at the battle of Kenesaw Mountain, and also at battle of Resaca; he was in the service three years; after the war he was foreman of the Dubuque Times office for two years, and then became a member of the present firm of  Palmer, Winall & Co., he is Receiver of Dubuque Lodge, No. 9, A.O.U.W., and is Treasurer of Harmony Lodge No. 2, I.O.O.F., and belongs to the Iowa Legion of Honor; is a member of the Veteran Reserve Corps.  Mr. Berg, was united in marriage to Miss Ella C. Helm,  a native of   Polo, Ogle Co., Ill., Feb. 12, 1869; they have two children- Charles E., and Harry H., and have lost one daughter- Estelle.   pg.766
LEONARD BERG731 Clay street, Dubuque;  is a native of Germany,  and was born in Hesse-Darmstadt, in 1825; when he was 11 years of age, he came to this country, and lived in Pittsburgh; he came to Iowa and settled in Dubuque, in the spring of 1842, and began working in a bakery; in 1850, he went to California and remained about eighteen months; after his return, he engaged in the bakery business for himself and continued for some years.  In 1853,  he married Miss Margaret Reinfred,  a native of Pittsburgh, Penn.;  they have had seven children- only four survive- Mary, Frank, George and Herman; Mr. Berge built the building they now occupy over twenty-five years ago, and they have lived in it ever since then.   pg.766
MATTHIAS BEWER, dealer in dry goods and notions, corner Iowa and Twelfth streets, Dubuque;  is a native of  Germany, and was born in Prussia June 18, 1823; he emigrated to America in 1848, and came the same year to Dubuque; arrived here June 18; he began working at his trade of stone-mason, and continued until 1857; he entered the dry-goods house of John Bell & Co. in 1859, and was with that firm fourteen years; then engaged in his present business, which he has carried on since then; he had nothing when he came, and owes his success to his own efforts; he belongs to the Pius Society and was one of its founders; he also belongs to the Mutual Life Insurance Company, and has been Treasurer of it since it started- for fourteen years. He married Margaretta Eeffes, from Luxemburg, Germany; they have five  children- Mary, Paul, John, Katie and Peter.    pg.767
J.E. BILBROUGH, artistic photographer, corner Main and Eighth streets, Dubuque;  is a native of England,  and was born only a few miles from the city of London Feb. 18, 1839; he grew up and received his education there, giving much attention to the study of fine arts; in 1862, he came to America, and two years later, in 1864, he came to Iowa and located in Dubuque, and established  his present business, which he has successfully conducted since then; he has established an enviable reputation as an artist, as the superior character of his work testifies; he has recently purchased for his gallery, for taking cabinet and life size portraits, two instruments made by J.H. Dalmeyer, of London- the finest and best made in the world- which will give him superior facilities in maintaining the leading position he has taken in the profession.   pg.767
CHARLES W. BITTMAN, of the firm of Bittman & Schroeder, dealer in groceries and provisions; is a native of  Germany, and was born in Rhine Folz, on the Rhine, Bavaria, Jan. 8, 1822;  he came to the United States when 15 years of age, and lived in Cincinnati, St. Louis, New Orleans and California;  he came to Dubuque in 1854 and established his present business, and has carried it on successfully for a quarter of a century, and is one of the oldest merchant in the city; he is Vice President of the Board of Directors of Linwood Cemetery Association, and is actively identified with the interests of the city.   pg.767
JOHN BLAKE (deceased) was a native of County Cork, Ireland; he emigrated to America in 1834, and in 1836  came to Dubuque, and was one of the early settlers here; he engaged in manufacturing brick. He married Miss Ellen Murphy, a native of Ireland.  Mr. Blake carried on business in Dubuque for many years; he died in August 1870, leaving two daughters; their eldest brother died in 1868, and one brother died while attending college in St. Louis.  Mrs. Blake and her daughters reside in the old home place on Mineral street; their residence when it was built was one of the finest houses in Dubuque.   pg.767
MICHAEL BLAKE, quarry-man; residence 361 Alta Vista street, Dubuque; was born in  Ireland; and came with his parents to Dubuque when he was only 5 years of age; he grew up to manhood here; he has been engaged in quarrying for the past ten years, and works the Fourteenth street quarries and the Hill quarries, and carries on a good business.  He married Miss Mary Smith, from Staten Island, N.Y., in 1862; they have five  children- Edward, Louise, Hugh, Julia and John.   pg.767
THOMAS F.  BLAKE, Postmaster and dealer in general merchandise, Sec. 30; Rickardsville; born March 17, 1842, in Boston, Mass; in 1855, he came to Dubuque Co., remained here till 1864, where he went to Montana in 1876, he came to the locality and established his present business; he was appointed Postamaster in 1875; he also owns 80 acres of land.  Married Margaret Kelly in 1870 she was born in Wisconsin; they have two children- Thomas and Anne; they lost three children in infancy.    pg.947-948
M. BLUMENAUER, brewers' headquarters, 531 Main street, Dubuque;  is a native of  Germany,and was born Aug. 12, 1836, he came to America in 1842, and grew up in Frederick City, Md.; he came to Dubuque in 1856; he was connected with the brewery of Titus Schmid & Co. as Superintendent, and, after their death, he ran the brewery himself; he has held the office of City Alderman from the Fifth Ward, and served as Mayor, pro tem.; he belongs to the Masonic Order, and is a member of the Encampment and Lodge of  I.O.O.F.; also a member of the Sharpshooters and Turner's Society. In 1862,  he married Miss Josephine Schmid, a native of Germany; they have four children- Adolph H., Emma, Ella, Hilda.   pg.767
GEORGE BOCK, wagon-maker, Couler and Eagle Point avenues, Dubuque;was born in  Germany Aug. 7, 1851; he came to America in 1867, and came to Dubuque the same year; he earned his trade here, and in 1878 he engaged in wagon-making,, and is building up a good trade; he belongs to Schiller Lodge,I.O.O.F.  He married Miss Augusta Burt, of Dubuque in 1875, she is a native of Germany.  They have two children- Christina and George.   pg.767-768
LOUIS BOISOT, cashier of the Second National Bank, corner Main and Sixth streets, Dubuque; is a native of Switzerland, and was born Aug. 5, 1823; he grew up to manhood and came to the United States in 1848, and came to Dubuque in 1853; he was connected with the bank of F.S.Jessup & Co. until 1857, after that he was connected with railroad and elevator interests; in 1867, be became connected with the German Bank, and continued with that institution as cashier until December, 1878.  In February 1880, he was elected to his present positions cashier of the Second National Bank of Dubuque.  In April, 1854, Mr. Boisot was united in marriage to Albertana Bush,  a native of New York;  they have four  children- Louis, now attorney at law in Chicago; Emile, in the First National Bank, Chicago; Edward, insurance business at St. Paul; Alice, at home.    pg.768
JOHN C. BOLEYN, school teacher, Sec. 6; P.O. Sherrill's Mount; born May 15, 1846, in Holland; in 1859, he came with his parents to Dubuque Co.; he owns 120 acres of land; in 1868, he attended the Lenox Collegiate Institute, at Hopkinton, Delaware Co., and continued his studies here till 18711; he then commenced teaching, he having taught, in all, about eight years.  He is Secretary of the Farmers' Mutual Fire Insurance Co.  He married Louisa Proahl July 7, 1873; she was born in Dubuque Co.; they have four children- Augusta, Calvin, Clara A. and Bertha.  He was one of the Trustees of the Presbyterian Church, having held this office for the past ten years.     pg.972
RICHARD BONSONcapitalist, Sec. 22; P.O. Dubuque; is a native of Yorkshire, England, and was born Oct. 23, 1814; he grew up to manhood there and came with his father's family to the United States in 1834; they came to Dubuque the same year, and arrived here in July; his mother died  of cholera while coming up the river; Mr. Bonson's father and Richard Waller, and John H. Roundtree, erected near Platteville the first blast furnace ever built in the United States; in 1836, they built three furnaces, one at Mineral Point,one on the East Fork of the Fever River, and one near Dubuque, at Rosedale; two of these furnaces are still operated; there was a company  of twelve of them, which was found to be too large and unprofitable, so they dissolved and worked in smaller companies.  In the early days of mining, there were many complications in locating claims.  A committee of twenty-five was appointed as arbitrators to settle the disputes. From this committee was appointed an executive  committee of three, consisting of T. Davis, J. Langworthy and R. Bonson.  They made the maps of the claims, and settled all disputes between the disputed claimants, and their decision was final.  We are informed that Mr. Bonson is the only surviving member of this executive committee. Mr. Bonson has been interested in lead mining and smelting for over forty-six years, a longer period than any one else in Dubuque Co.; he was also engaged in the mercantile business for some years.  When Mr. Bonson began life, he was a miner, and his father was without means, and his success is owing to his own efforts; he was twice elected as Representative to the State Legislature, and has served as member of the Board of County Supervisors.  Mr. Bonson has been actively identified with the interests of the county, and with the mining interests of Iowa and Wisconsin.  Mr. Bonson resides about one mile from the city, and has one of the most elegant and attractive houses in the State.  In 1838, Mr. Bonson was united in marriage to Miss Jane Burton, from Derbyshire, England; she died in 1866, leaving two children-Mrs. Priscilla Morgan and Mrs. Mary Ellen Simplot.  In 1868, Mr. Bonson was united in marriage to Mrs. Harriet Pierson, formerly Miss Harriet Watts,f rom Manchester, England; they have three children-two sons, Robert and William W., and one daughter, Annie Watts.    pg.966
GEN. CALEB H. BOOTH      Sorry this on is incomplete- wife is Hentietta Eyre
BALTZER BORN, farmer, Sec. 20; P.O. Sherrill's Mount; born Aug. 14, 1825, in Germany; in 1835, he came to Somerset Co., Penn., with his parents; in the fall of 1844, he came to Dubuque Co., where he has since lived; he owns 129 acres of land.  He has been Constable.  Married Margaret Seigfreit in 1855; she was born in Pennsylvania in 1836, and died in 1872; has five children- Oscar W., Frank A., Edward E., George D. and Viola; lost Levi and Joseph in infancy.  Second marriage was to Mrs. Nicholson, in 1874; she was born in Prussia; have two children- Henry and Effie; she has children by a former marriage- Parker W. and Mary.  Presbyterian Church.    pg.972-973
E.L. BOSTWICK,  Roadmaster of the Chicago, Clinton, Dubuque & Minnesota Railroad, Dubuque; is a native of Ulster Co., N.Y., and grew up to manhood in that State; he has been connected to railroading since boyhood; he began on the New York Central, and was on the Michigan Central and Michigan Southern Railroads; engaged in contracting and building in Kansas and Nebraska, and has had large experience in building railroads through the West; he had charge of the mechanical department in the construction of the Kansas City Bridge; he was appointed his present position in 1877; he also has charge of the Wisconsin Valley Railroad; is connected with the Masonic Order, and is a member of the Chapter and Commandery.  Mr. Bostwick married Miss Frances Beebe, from Oneida, N.Y.; they have two children- Henry and Helen.     pg.768
A.M. BOTSFORD,  proprietor Botsford Mills, Sec 35, P.O. Epworth; born in Newtown, Fairfield Co., Conn., Aug. 27, 1844; removed to Dubuque Co,. Iowa, with his parents, in 1856; in former years, he was at different times engaged in the various enterprises of farming, merchandising, flour-dealing, etc., but has given his continuous attention to his present vocation since 1870; he has a very considerable landed ancestors have, for seven generations past, resided on one homestead in Connecticut; the original ancestors belonging to the old Milford colony, who made the first English settlement in that portion of America.  Mr. Botsford was married in June 1873 to Miss Julia A. Moriarty; they have five children- Thomas Abel, John Francis, Joseph Byron, Vincent Henry and Alice Eveline.    pg.953
N.W. BOYES, Superintendent of Schools of Dubuque Co.; is a native of Geneva, Seneca Co., N.Y., and was born April 1, 1834; his parents came West to Wisconsin when he was 12 years of age; he attended the common schools there, and completed his education in Illinois; he was engaged in teaching in Illinois, Wisconsin and Minnesota, and was Superintendent in the latter State; in July, 1867, he came to Dubuque Co., and located at Dyersville and held the position of Principal of the school there for six years; in January, 1873, he was appointed Superintendent of Schools, and in October, same year, he was elected to the same position; he was re-elected in 1875, and again in 1877, and again in 1879; he has also held other town and school offices; he is one of the State Board of Directors of the Iowa Normal School. He was united in marriage to Miss Catharine E. Cummings, a native of Pennsylvania, Jan. 1, 1857; they have five children.    pg. 768-769
BEN BRADFORD, residence 201 Alpine street, Dubuque; is a native of Southern Illinois; he grew up to manhood and was engaged in steamboating, and was, Captain on the Mississippi River for many years;  he came to Dubuque in April, 1865, and since then he has been largely interested in mining. He married Miss M. Spease, a native of Kentucky.      pg. 769
C. BRADLEY farmer, Sec. 35; P.O. Rockdale; born in England Dec. 5, 1821; emigrated to America, and settled in Dubuque Co. Iowa, in June 1843; is one of the mist successful farmers in his locality, and by intelligent management and persevering industry has acquired quite extensive landed possessions; his farm comprises 630 acres in Sec. 26,27,34, and 35, Table Mound Township and in Washington Township.  His politics are Republican.  He was married, Jan. 7, 1851 to Miss Ann W. Sheldon, who, at the age of 6, came to America from England with her parents-Samuel and Sarah Sheldon; her mother is yet living; her father died in July 1879; Mr. and Mrs. Bradley have six children living- Cornelius, William, Sarah, Elizabeth, Christopher and Christiana; three deceased- Mary A., Dorothy and James.   pg.923-924
JAMES F. BRADY, Pastor of St. Joseph's Catholic Church, Farley; is a native of  Ireland, and was born in the city of Dublin, July 27, 1844;  he grew up to manhood and received his literary education there, and also pursued his theological studies; he came to United States in 1870, and came the same year to Dubuque, and was appointed Assistant Pastor at the Cathedral; he was appointed Assistant Pastor at Des Moines, and was there two years; in 1873, he was appointed to his first pastorate at Ossian, Winneshiek Co., where he remained five years; after serving a short time as Pastor of the church in Dewitt, Clinton Co.. he was, in December, 1878, appointed to his present pastorate of St. Joseph's Catholic Church in  Farley.    pg.930
NICK BRAND, dealer in fresh and salted meats, 1,575 Clay street; was born in Berne, Switzerland, Nov. 29,1830; he came to the United States in 1852, came to Dubuque in the spring of 1854 and began the butcher business; he has carried on the business for twenty-six years, and is one of the oldest in the city.  In the fall of 1858, he married Miss Elizabeth Bishop, a native of Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany; they have seven children- Nick, John, Louise, Katie, Samuel, Alois, Ann Elizabeth.  When Mr. Brand came to Dubuque, he had nothing, and had to borrow money to cross the ferry; he belongs to the Schiller Lodge, I.O.O.F., and has been a member of the German association for seventeen years.    pg. 769
JACOB BREITBOCK,merchant, Lattnerville; born in Prussia May 6, 1824; emigrated to America; resided several years in Pennsylvania, coming to Dubuque Co., Iowa, in June, 1854; while in Pennslyvanina, his business was merchandising; the first nineteen years after coming to Dubuque Co., he engaged in farming; the last seven years he has added to this industry his former avocation as merchant, and also hotel keeping, etc.; has a fine new store and hotel building, and 107 acres of land adjoining Lattnerville. Religion, Catholic; politics, Democratic in general principles, but "best man" for local positions; he has held school offices.  He was married in Pittsburgh, Penn., in the year 1851, to Miss Philomena Sigwart, a native of Baden; they have thirteen children, all living- Jacob J., L., Louisa, Lewis, Josephine, Francis, Philomena, Peter, Catharine, John, Mary Ann, Barbie, Caroline and Joseph.    pg.961
CARL BREZINSKY, practical furrier; manufacturer and dealer in furs, 590 Main street, Dubuque;was born in Eastern Prussia, Dec. 26, 1825; he grew up to manhood and served apprenticeship and learned the trade of furrier;  he emigrated to the United States in 1855, and worked at his trade in New York and Boston; in 1860,  he came to Iowa and settled in Dubuque, and began working at his trade; he engaged in business for himself in 1864, and since then has manufactured furs,and has built up a good trade; he is the only practical furrier in the city; Mrs. Brezinsky has charge of the store and attends to selling goods.   After coming to Dubuque, Mr. Brezinsky married Miss Johanna Spiedler, in St. Paul, Oct. 17, 1860; she is a native of Prussia; they have two sons- Charles, born Nov. 26, 1861; Freddie, born Dec. 13, 1871; they have lost one daughter, Mary, born March 7, 1863; she died July 12, 1863.    pg. 769
T.J. BRIGGS, farmer, Sec. 15; P.O. Epworth; born in Hampden, six miles south of Bangor, Me., Feb. 26, 1838; his father and family removed to the town of Adams, Hillsdale Co., Mich, in 1838 or 1840, and from there to Dubuque Co. in June 1844; so much of Mr. Briggs' life having been spent here, he has had no unimportant part to perform  in changing this portion of the "Hawkeye State" from its natural condition to its present state of cultivated prosperity, and he can probably give quite as clear a statement as any man in his community of the "happenings" here since 1844;  he has formerly farmed extensively, but of late years proceeds on the motto of " A little farm well tilled," and practices this maxim on his 40 acre farm near Epworth, being closely identified with the interest of the town, of which his father, Otis Briggs, deceased, was one of the founders.  Is a Republican; has held township offices.  He was married, Dec. 23, 1868, to  Miss Mary P. Snyder, of Iowa City, to which place she had removed in 1841 from Cincinnati, Ohio, her native place; their only child, Mary Eliza, was called away by death.    pg.930
JOHN G. BROADHURST, contractor and builder, No. 478 Fifteenth street, Dubuque; is a native of England,and was born Aug. 29, 1827;he grew up to manhood there and  came to America in 1848; he came to Dubuque  in 1852 and commenced working at his trade; he is one of the oldest contractors now in the business here; the firm of Biles & Broadhurst built the addition to the Julien House, the Lorimer House and the old Argyle House, and many other prominent buildings in Dubuque.  Mr. Broadhurst  was united in marriage to Miss Jarrilda Smart, from Illionis, Nov. 30, 1852; they have six children-Douglas, Isaac and John, and three daughters, Jarrilda, Arminda and Maria, all born in Dubuque, in the house where they now live.    pg. 769
GEORGE BROWN,  farmer, Sec. 30; P.O. Rickardsville; he was born  Oct. 9, 1800 in the county of Durham, England; in 1828, he came to Pennsylvania; in 1833 he came to Dubuque Co,. where he has since lived, and is one of the first settlers of the county, and raised the first apples in the State; he attended the first religious meeting  held in Dubuque, which was in 1834, in a room over a saloon kept by a Frenchman  named Nado; he owned about 186 acres of land, and has been engaged  considerably  in lead mining.  He married Miss Mary Warmoth in 1827; she was born in 1806; died in February 1866; they had three children (two living): Joseph and  Parker; Nicholas enlisted in 1862, 21st I.V.I., and served to the end of the war; he  died in 1875, from a disease contracted in the army.    pg.948
JOHN BROWN, farmer, Sec. 5; P.O. Center Grove; born in Pennsylvania in 1834; in 1840, removed with his parents to Dubuque Co.,; his father, William, died in 1868; his mother, Mary, lives with her son, the subject of the sketch; for the last twelve years, he has been farming; before that, was employed in the business of smelting, near Dubuque; has a farm of 100 acres in Secs. 5 and 7.  Religion, Methodist. Politics, Republican.  He was married in 1855, to Miss Louis Shwagler, who came here when 4 or 5 years old with her parents, John Shwagler and wife; six children living- John W., Henry W., Allen, Edgar, Frank and Annie; three children have died- Emily, Annie J., and on who died in infancy.     pg.924
L.R. BROWN, farmer, Sec. 14; P.O. Epworth; born in Maine Oct. 24, 1830; came to Dubuque Co. in the spring of 1856; for some ten years, most of his time was devoted to the profession of teaching, being employed for five years in charge of the public schools of Epworth; farming and stock-raising has been his vocation in later years, preferring, however, to devote his attention to stock-raising, rather than to the cultivation of grain; his landed possessions aggregate 349 acres , in one of the finest localities in Dubuque Co., and his comfortable financial situation is the natural sequence of his own unaided, but well directed exertions.  Worth less than $200 on coming to the county, he rank to-day among the foremost of her substantial citizens. Politically, he may be classed as an Independent Republican, with an earnest desire to see the best measure adopted, and the best men in office, without strict regard to party lines.    pg.931
AUGUST BRULOT, engaged in  mining, West Dubuque; is a native of France, and was born April 12, 1844; he came to America in 1852; lived in Ohio two years, and came to Dubuque in 1854; grew up to manhood here; he, in company with three other citizens, is associated in mining.  He married Miss Mary Josephine Miller, a native of  Dubuque Co., May 31, 1868; they have three children- Mary E., Addie V. and Josephine.    pg. 769
HENRY BRUNS, farmer, Sec. 14; P.O. Sherrill's Mount; born Oct. 15,  1813 in Hanover; in 1844, he came to St. Louis, thence to Illinois; in 1848, he came  to his present farm, consisting of 160 acres of land; he first occupied a small log cabin, and now has one of the best houses in the township, as well as the largest barn and other out-houses;  his farm is otherwise well improved,  Married Sophia Stellmann in August  1845; she  was born in Germany; had eight children (seven living)- Henry A,. now in  Clay Co., Minn., where he is carrying on a very extensive business, running a store, elevator and  mill; Rosena, Sophia, Edward, Anna, Mary and Attilla; they lost John in  infancy. M.E. Church; Republican.    pg.948
L. BRUNSING, dealer in groceries, corner of  Twelfth and Washington streets, Dubuque; was born in Germany in December 1832; he grew up and was in mercantile business there; in 1873, he came to the United States and lived in Kenosha, Wis., and in Freeport, Ill, until 1876, when he came to Dubuque and engaged in manufacturing mustard; he afterward sold out the business to John Glab; he engaged in  his present business in 1879, and is building up a good trade. In 1866, he married Lizzie Kuelemann,a native of Germany; they have one son-Peter.  He has two sons by a former wife-Henry and Anton.    pg. 769-770
JAMES W. BRUNSKILL, farmer, Sec. 4; P.O. Dubuque; is a son of Joseph and Elizabeth Brunskill, who came to this locality at an early date in the settlement of the county; he  was born in Dubuque Co. May 31, 1849; with the excetption of five years employed in smelting at Centre Grove, he has been engaged in the business farming ,  stock-raising and stock-dealing; his farm comprises about 198 acres in Secs. 4 and 9.  Politics, Republican.  On his 22d birthday, May 31, 1871, he was married to Miss Maria Frost, daughter of Joseph and Rebecca Frost, who became residents of Dubuque Co. in 1844; four children- Nettie E., Lula R., Wilbert W. and Edwin J.    pg.924
JOSEPH J. BRUNSKILL, farmer, Sec. 4; P.O. Dubuque; born in  Medina Co., Ohio, Feb. 11, 1846; when quite young, his parents removed to Dubuque Co., where he has made his almost constant residence; his farm comprises 200 acres.  Politics, Republican.  He was married in June 1870 to Miss Alice Winders, of Dubuque Co.,; they have three children- Joseph Elmer, David E. and Mary A.E.    pg.924
WILLIAM BRUNSKILL,  farmer, Sec. 24; P.O. Dubuque; is a native of Wisconsin, and was born in Platteville Nov. 2, 1836; his parents came across the river to Dubuque the following year, and located near where they now live; he grew up to manhood here; he was engaged in smelting for five years; he moved on the farm where he now lives in 1865; owns a farm of 100 acres.  In 1859, he married Christina Rowe, a native of England.    pg.966
GABRIEL BUBLETER, wines and liquors, Julien avenue, Dubuque; born in Tyrone, Austria, July 13, 1827; he emigrated to the United States in May of 1853, and came to Dubuque in June of the same year; engaged in tailoring; afterward engaged in his present business.  In January, 1854,  he married Miss Elizabeth Zollicoffer, daughter of George Zollicoffer, one of the early settlers of Dubuque Co.; they have six children-Kate, George, John, Amelia, Dena, Ada.     pg.770
NICK BUER, wood dealer, No. 567 Eighth street, Dubuque;  is a native of Luxemburg, Germany,  and was born in 1836; he came to America in 1855,  and came direct to Dubuque; engaged in cutting wood with Nick Hanson up the river; he brought wood here on a flat-boat; since 1865, he has been engaged in the wood business, and is one of the oldest dealers here.  He married Miss Eva Beck, a native of Luxemburg, Germany, Jan. 14, 1869; they have three children- Lizzie, John and Peter.    pg.770
D.M. BUIE, farmer, Sec. 8; P.O. Epworth; born in Kentucky April 20, 1810; left Kentucky in 1828; lived in Illinois till 1832, when he came to Dubuque Co.; was in Black Hawk war in Gen. Henry's brigade, Col. Fry's regiment; has held township offices and been Captain of militia; has 378 acres of land in Vernon, Taylor, and Iowa Townships.  Has been twice married, first  in 1839, to Mrs. Sarah Camp, widow of Col. H.T. Camp; she died in 1864.  His second wife was Mrs. Margaret Miller, born in Belfast, Ireland, of Scotch parentage; Mr. Buie had two children by his first wife- a daughter, E.E.I., who died aged 26 years, and a son, Frederick C., who died aged 18 months; he has three step-children by his first wife- William K. Camp, now in Hot Springs, Ark., and Mrs.Mary D. Palmer, of Dubuque, and Mrs. Sarah D. Meyers, of California; and by his second wife- Mrs. J. Burge, of California; Mrs. E. W. Sculley and A.B. Miller, of Minnesota, and J.H. and Robert C. Miller of Dakota.  Mr. Buie is a member of the M.E. Church, and of the Democratic party.    pg.928
F.X. BULLINGERschool teacher,  Dyersville; born Dec. 3, 1834, in Bavaria;  in 1854, came to Wisconsin; in 1858, to Dubuque Co; the following year he came to Dyersville, where he since has resided and taught school; he owns his house and lot in Dyersville. Married Miss Mary Boeckenstedtte in 1859; she was born in Oldenberg, Germany;   they have four children- John, Joseph, Liddy and Anna. Democrat; Catholic Church.
GEORGE BURDEN, real estate and lands, residence 25 High street, Dubuque;  is a native of Devonshire, England,  and was born Sept. 27, 1814; he came to the United States in 1833, and located in Western New York, and lived in that State over twenty years, and was engaged in mercantile business; he came West to Iowa in 1855, and located at  Dubuque, and engaged in the land business; and afterward engaged in banking in connection with land business; in 1856, also established a bank at Winona; during the financial crisis of 1857, they were among the few who did not close their doors, but continued here until 1860; in 1862, they retired from banking in Winona, and since then have been engaged in the land business.  Mr. Burden was united in marriage to Mrs.Eliza A. Holmes (formerly Miss Eliza A. Richards), a  a native of Genesee Co., N.Y.; she is a graduate of Carey Collegiate Seminary, N.Y.  In 1848, she came West to Rockford, Ill., and engaged in teaching a private school; she was requested by leading citizens of the town to secure a suitable person to establish a female seminary; she was successful in securing Miss Anna P. Sill, Principal of Carey Collegiate Seminary, a lady of rare literary attainments and qualifications for the position, and, in the spring of 1849, they established the seminary there, and it has become one of the most successful literary institutions in the West.  Mr. and Mrs. Burden have one son- George Albert, born Feb. 3, 1866.    pg.770
FERDINAND BURGDORF, farmer, Sec. 6; P.O. Sherrill's Mount; born April 7, 1811; in 1845 he came to Dubuque Co.; he entered and owns 180 acres of land.  He is Trustee in the M.E. Church, and has been School Director.  There were but three brick houses in Dubuque when he first came here; he has hauled wood to Dubuque from his farm for 75 cents a load.  Married Johanna Hiemstadt in 1842; she was born May, 1810, in Hanover, and died Feb. 23, 1878; they had one daughter, who married Wm. G. Albright in 1847; she died  Dec. 26, 1876; they have seven children- two sons and five daughters.  Attend the M.E. Church.     pg.973
L.R. BURNHAM, Superintendent of the Farley Creamery, Farley; is a native of New York State, and was born Jan. 30, 1847;  he grew up to manhood in that State. While living there, he was united in marriage to Miss Emma G. Wing in the fall of 1870; in March 1874, he came to Iowa and  learned his business at Sand Spring; in June 1878, when the Farley Creamery was established, he was appointed Superintendent , and since then has had the management of it.   pg.931
REV. L.H. BURNS, Pastor St. Joseph's Catholic Church, Key West, residence at St. Bernard's Mound; P.O. Key West; born in Ireland in 1847; came to America at the age of 12, and after a brief stay in New York, went to Philadelphia; remained there four years, and attended the parochial school at St. Augustime and was then taught by the Brothers of the Holy Cross.  He then went to Villanova College, ten miles from Philadelphia, to commence his classical studies; in 1871, was sent to St. Charles College, Ellicott City, Md. ( The college located on the former property of " Charles Carroll, of Carrollton".)  After two years there, was sent to St. Bonaventure College and Seminary, Allegheny, N.Y., where he remained six years, and then applied to Bishop Hennessy for adoption.  The Bishop's consent being given, he was ordained for the diocese of Dubuque June 24, 1879, and, called to his field of labor about the 1st of August.  After some transient work at St. Joseph's College, Holy Cross, etc., was appointed Pastor of St. Joseph's Key West, Sept. 16, 1879.  The great improvement of the church under his charge tells clearly of the earnest, faithful, and effective work he is doing for his people.  The church building is renovated and re-arranged; and further improvements are planned for early completion.  The church ceremonies are thoroughly performed and the numbers of the attending congregation fully doubled since his coming.  The collections for charitable purposes have increased in much larger ratio, and the warmest affection exists among his people for the worthy Pastor, through whose labors such a desirable state of affairs has been brought about.    pg.924
E.H. BUSHagent for Chicago,Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad, Worthington; born March 8,1834 in Bristol, England; in 1857, he came to Dubuque, and there engaged in railroading, which has been his business since a boy; he was one of the engineers of the Dubuque & South-Western Railroad when it was being constructed, and was appointed agent here on completion of the road in 1859; he  is also dealing in live stock and grain, Married Lydia Culver in 1861; she was born in Michigan; died in June 1871; they have four   children-Eddie,William,Francis and Bertie; second marriage to Mary Almond in 1872; she was born in New York; have three children-Burnice,Kittie and Kennith.    pg.955
OLIVER BUSSARD miller and farmer, Sec. 36; P.O. Washington Mill; was born in Westmoreland Co., Penn., May 6, 1830; came to Iowa in 1850. Was married, in September 1856 to Sarah Saner; has seven children- George F., John, William, Michael, Samuel, Emma A.and Martha C.  Washington Mils, built by Bussard & Kifer in 1858, has two run of stone, and contailns all modern improvements, with a capacity of 200 bushels per day.  Mr. Bussard owns 200 acres of land in Dubuque Co., and is senior partner of the firm of Bussard & Kyne, owners of Washington Mills.  Mr. Bussard is Independent in politics, and belongs to the Reformed Church.    pg.923
JOHN BUTT, of the firm of John Butt & Bros., manufacturers of wagons and sleighs, No. 645 Iowa street, Dubuque;  is a native of  Germany, and was born in Mecklenburg April 30, 1849; his parents came to America, and located in Dubuque in 1852; his father established the present business in 1853, and carried on the business until his death, which occurred in 1873.  John, the oldest member of the present firm,  grew up to manhood, and learned his trade here, and engaged in business with his father, and, at his death, he and his brothers- Ernest, William and Helmuth- succeeded him in the business.   He married Miss Therisia L. Hauser, a native of Dubuque, Oct. 18, 1877.  Mr. Butt belongs to the Order of Workmen, and is a member of the Dubuque Shooting Club.    pg.770
P.M. BYERLY,    wagon-maker, Farley; is a native of Ross Co., Ohio, and was born Aug. 2, 1838;  his parents came to Iowa when he was 4 years of age, and located in  Dubuque Co. in 1842; they located six miles north  of Dubuque; he grew up in this county,and learned his trade in Dubuque. When the war broke out,  he enlisted in Co. G, 1st  I.V.C., and served in that regiment three years and three months; then served one year in Co. H, 4th Regt. Hancock's Veteran Corps; he was wounded, being shot in the head in crossing the Little Missouri River, Ark.; after the war, in 1867,he located in Farley and established his present business, and has continued since then, and is the only wagon-maker here; he belongs to the Order of  United Workmen. In 1866, Mr. Byerly married Miss S.E. Stoffel, from Illinois; he has one son-Melville H., by former wife.   pg.931