English for Information Technology

 

Dealing with How Internet Infrastructure Works

(Original text at http://computer.howstuffworks.com/internet-infrastructure.htm/printable )

1. VOCABULARY EXERCISE

Match the elements in the two lists:

 

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 1. network††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† a. order

††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 2. however††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† b. surprising

 

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 3. hierarchy†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† c. big

 

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 4. provider††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† d. supplier

 

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 5. dedicated†††††††††††††††††† †††††††††††††††††††† e. get to

 

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 6. amazing†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† f. special

 

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 7. major††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† g. run

 

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 8. flow††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† h. important

 

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 9. arrive††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† i. web

 

†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† 10. crucial†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† j. nevertheless

 

 

2. MANIPULATING VERBS (in the Protocol of the Internet section)

Fill in the blanks with the right verbs from the box:

 

 

have††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† represents†††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† was†††††††††††††††††

call††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† use††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††††† contains

 

 

a. The machines ....................... unique identifying numbers.

 

b. The computers ............................binary numbers.

 

c. We ....................... the four numbers in an IP address octets.

 

d. The Net section always ............................ the first octet.

 

e. The system with typical IP addresses...........................fine when the computers were few.

 

f. www.howstuffworks.com .......................... HowStuffWorks.comís IP address.

 

 

3. UNDERSTANDING EXPRESSIONS IN ENGLISH

Use the underlined expressions in a new sentence:

a. We use the Internetís DNS servers to translate the human-readable domain name into the machine-readable IP address.

 

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b. The left-most word, like www, is the host name.

 

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c. A given domain name can contain millions of host names as long as they are all unique.

 

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d. Once it has made a request to a root DNS server for any .COM domain, it knows the IP address for a DNS server handling the .COM domain.

 

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e. All the machines on the Internet are either servers or clients.

 

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4. TRANSLATION OF PHRASES

Give a Spanish version of the following phrases in the text:

 

  1. a global collection of networks
  2. a non-profit group established in 1992
  3. worldwide web
  4. Network Access Points
  5. Point of Presence

 

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5. A READING COMPREHENSION EXERCISE

Answer the following questions on the text:

 

a. Who owns the Internet?

 

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b. Which are the elementary parts of the Internet?

 

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c. What are backbones?

 

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d. What is an IP address?

 

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e. Give some examples of top-level domain names.

 

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