To cook by dry heat, either covered or uncovered, in an oven or oven-type appliance.
To moisten meat or other foods with pan drippings, fruit juice or a sauce. Prevents drying of food surface and adds flavour.
To make a mixture smooth by introducing air with a brisk over and over motion using a spoon, or a rotary motion using an egg beater (whisk) or an electric beater.
To preheat in boiling water or steam. Helps loosen skins of fruits, vegetables or nuts. Also used to prepare food for canning, freezing or drying.
To combine two or more ingredients thoroughly. Boil:
To heat a liquid until bubbles continuously break on the surface.
To cook slowly in a small amount of liquid in a covered pan.
To coat with flour, then dip into slightly diluted beaten egg or milk, and finally coat with bread, cereal or cracker crumbs.
To cook by direct heat, under a broiler or over hot coals.
To melt sugar, slowly over low heat without burning, until it melts and becomes brown in colour.
To cut food into small pieces with a knife.
To make a liquid (stock, broth, butter) clear by skimming away or filtering out fat or other impurities.
To cover food evenly with flour, crumbs or batter.
To cook food slowly in water just below the boiling point.
Fruit stewed or cooked in syrup, usually served as a dessert.
To let food stand at room temperature until it is no longer warm to the touch.
To make a fat, such as butter, soft and smooth by beating with a spoon or mixer. Also to combine a fat with sugar until the mixture is light and fluffy.
To cut a solid into cubes of about 1/2 inch or more.
To mix evenly a solid fat into dry ingredients (e.g. shortening and flour) by chopping with two knives or a pastry blender.
To cut a solid into cubes of 1/8 to 1/4 inch.
To cover or coat food with flour or a similar fine, dry substance.
To sprinkle lightly with flour or sugar.
A piece of meat, poultry or fish without bones.
To break food into small pieces, usually with a fork.
To make decorative indentations around the edge of pastries, fruits or vegetables.
To combine two ingredients. Using a spoon or rubber spatula, go down through the mixture on the far side of the bowl, bring the spoon across the bottom of the bowl and up the near side, turn the mixture over on the top. Turn bowl slightly and repeat until mixture is blended.
To cook in hot fat; pan-fry or saute in a small amount of fat, deep-fry in a deep layer of fat that covers the food.
To coat with a smooth mixture to give food a glossy appearance.
To rub food against a grater to form small particles.
To cook on a rack over hot coals or other direct heat.
To reduce to particles in a grinder, blender or food processor.
To cut meat, vegetables or fruit into long matchlike strips.
To manipulate with a pressing motion accompanied by folding and streching. For yeast bread: fold dough toward you, push dough away using the heel of your hand. Rotate 1/4 turn and repeat. For tea biscuits: Knead as per yeast bread, but for less time and with less vigour.
To let food stand in a seasoned sauce called a marinade to tenderize and increase flavour.
To cut or chop into very small pieces, but smaller than diced.
To combine ingredients until evenly distributed.
To cook uncovered on a hot surface removing fat as it accumulates.
To cook food in a boiling liquid until partially done. Cooking is usually completed by some other method.
To remove outer covering of a fruit or vegetable with a knife.
To remove or slip off outer covering of fruit or vegetable.
To cook slowly in simmering liquid such as water or milk.
To put food through a sieve, blender or food mill to produce a thick pulp or paste with juice.
To rapidly boil down the volume of a liquid to concentrate flavor.
To cook meat in an uncovered pan by dry heat in an oven.
To brown or cook in a small amount of fat (see fry).
To heat milk to just below the boiling point, when tiny bubbles appear around the edge of the pan; to dip certain foods briefly into boiling water.
To make shallow slits into the surface of a food in a diamond or rectangular pattern.
To brown and seal surface of meat quickly with intense heat.
To cut into long, thin strips with a knife or shredder.
To cook in liquid just below the boiling point; bubbles form slowly and burst before reaching surface.
To cut into long thin pieces with a knife; e.g. almonds or pimento.
To cook in a covered container above boiling water.
To let stand for a few minutes in water that has just been boiled to enhance flavor and color.
To simmer slowly in liquid deep enough to cover. Stir:
To mix ingredients in a circular motion until blended with uniform consistancy.
To cook in a frypan or wok over high heat in a small amount of fat, tossing or stirring constantly.
To brown with dry heat in an oven or toaster.
To beat rapidly with a wire whisk, beater or mixer to incorporate air to lighten and increase volume.