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July 2002
Clark H. Lewis, President         Art & Carol Bergeron, Editors
P. O. Box 1122                    3901 Paces Ferry Road      
Richmond, VA 23218                 Chester, VA 23831-1239   

July 2002 PROGRAM

Cramer Gallimore "The Hunley Photography" 8:00 p.m., Tuesday, July 9, 2002, at the Boulevard United Methodist Church, 321 N. Boulevard, Richmond, VA (corner of Boulevard and Stuart Ave.) Cramer Gallimore is a commercial photographer working from his studio in Raleigh, North Carolina. His company, Cramer Gallimore Photography Studio provides advertising, aerial, industrial, and digital photography to clients worldwide, which include UPS, PepsiCo, and Apple Computer, Inc. His editorial clients include National Geographic books, Newsweek, and U. S. News and World Report. Born in Thomasville, North Carolina, he holds an AAS degree in Photography. He began his career as a newspaper photographer for the Fayetteville Observer-Times, where he won numerous state and national awards. Gallimore served as NPPA Region Six Director and president of the North Carolina Press Photographers Association. Gallimore still finds time to photograph projects involving his personal interests that are journalistic in nature using "bleeding edge" technologies to open doors. He lives with his wife, Mary, and two dogs but spends most of his time at the Raleigh-Durham airport in a light plane or driving on I-95. In August 2000, Gallimore photographed from the air the recovery of the H. L. Hunley as it was raised from the ocean floor 137 years after its sinking. Later, he became the principal photographer providing documentary and scientific photography during the excavation of the submarine. Gallimore will share with us some of the photographs he took during the raising of the Hunley and during the work investigating this priceless Civil War artifact.
Review of the June Program
William  A.   Young,  Jr.
William A. Young, Jr., portrayed the Reverend George Williamson Finley as he was in 1902 and looked back upon his experiences at the Battle of Gettysburg as a 1st Lieutenant in Company K, 56th Virginia Infantry Regiment. On the night of July 1, 1863, Finley and his regiment, which belonged to Brigadier General Richard B. Garnett's brigade of Major General George E. Pickett's Division, spent the night in camp near Chambersburg. The men received three days' rations-the sure that they were about to go into battle. Getting up at 2 a. m., they marched through Cashtown and stopped at Marsh Creek. Finley was unable to sleep. He read the New Testament his wife had given him. 2 Timothy 1:12 made him feel calm, and he finally slept. The 56th Virginia was up at 3 a. m. on July 3 and had a dusty march to the Spangler farm, where they stopped in his wheat field. About 11 o'clock, the soldiers witnessed General Robert E. Lee hold a council of war nearby. This meeting resulted in the decision to have Pickett's Division lead the assault that day. While waiting, the men ate green apples and then skirmished with the apple cores. Colonel William Dabney Stuart ordered them to stop and fall in. They marched to the reverse slope of Seminary Ridge. There they lay down in the long grass. Major James Dearing's artillery battalion was positioned in front of them. The bombardment of Cemetery Ridge began at 1 p. m. It was the greatest artillery duel Finley had ever seen. Pickett rode out and ordered the men to their feet. Drummers beat the long roll, and the color bearers unfurled their flags. Alexander L. P. Williams carried the 56th Virginia's banner. Garnett's Brigade took up position on the left of the division. Garnett and Brigadier General Lewis Armistead talked of the desperate nature of what they were about to do. Colonel Stuart urged Garnett not to make the charge because an injury made it necessary for him to go forward on horseback. The general mentioned a presentiment of death. Finally the order to advance was given. The regiment passed through Dearing's guns and saw the basin through which they would have to advance. Finley noticed the difference in the way the two sides were dressed-finely clad Federals and ragged Confederates. Colonel Stuart directed his men to go toward a copse of trees at an angle in the stone wall. Union rifle and artillery fire began to knock men down shortly after the charge began. Colonel Stuart was hit in the side and mortally wounded. Finley recalled hearing Garnett's voice telling the men to be steady. A post and rail fence at the Emmitsburg Pike slowed the charge. About 100 yards from the wall, the men finally opened fire. Then they charged with a Rebel yell. Finley felt the blast from the last rounds fired by Cushing's Union guns. Garnett fell dead from a rifle volley fired by men of the 72nd Pennsylvania Infantry of the Philadelphia Brigade. Armistead crossed the stone wall next to the colors of the 56th Virginia and then was killed. Finley also crossed the wall and found himself in hand-to-hand combat. He and the other Virginians were soon surrounded. Finley ordered his command to cease fire and surrender. After his capture, he spent two years in six different Union prisons. He was finally released in July 1865. Finley attended Union Theological Seminary at Hampden-Sydney College for two years and became a Presbyterian minister. He was assigned to the Tinkling Springs Church. Finley and his wife taught their fourteen children the words to his favorite marching song-"Goober Peas." Young's presentation was based upon an interview that Finley gave the Buffalo Evening News in 1894. That paper had published an account of Gettysburg from the Union perspective and decided to do a second issue from the Confederate viewpoint.
Museum of the Confederacy Seeks Volunteers The Museum of the Confederacy will hold its annual fund raising event weekend, Celebrate South, on April 4-6, 2003. Each year the event recognizes a different southern state, and Florida will be the theme for 2003. Guests from around the country will enjoy educational events, workshops, an auction, and the annual Civil War-themed ball, which comes complete with period costumes and dancing. Information on this event will be posted as it become available at Celebrate South is planned by a committee of dedicated and interested volunteers. Several committee positions are currently open. Those interested in finding out more about participating on the committee may contact Larisa Morano at (804) 649-1861, ext. 44.
Pamplin Historical Park Programs Pamplin Historical Park near Petersburg will hold two special programs this month. On July 13-14, the park will host "Old Time Fair." This weekend will feature vintage baseball games from the mid-1800s, family activities, and games for the kids. A focus weekend will be held on July 27-28, "Summer Garden Days and Summer Food Ways." This program will focus on heirloom variety vegetables and the nineteenth century kitchen garden at both the Big House and the Field Quarter, and it will deal with how the vegetables were used in cooking specific to the season. For more information, call Pamplin Historical Park at (804) 861-2408.
New Online Newsletter Feature The online edition of our newsletter now features an articles section. They are under the link: RCWRT Members' & Speakers' Articles & Speeches on our home page. Dr. Edward Smith has sent an article that is an 800 line copy of his 1992 speech. The latest article, by our November speaker, is just a link to another web site. Members should submit to Gary Cowardin any published articles and permission to reproduce them on the web site. Gary will put them in the appropriate location. He will need to receive the articles in e-mail format, attachment, FAX, or paper with the preference in that order (e-mail preferred). We can also link to another web site if necessary. Each article will need to be approved as submitted to avoid any negative situations (language, continent, etc.).
Capitol Hill Civil War Round Table The Capitol Hill Civil War Round Table has invited our members to attend their meetings and field trips. Their club meets the first Monday of each month from September through June. The meetings are held in the Longworth Building on Capitol Hill and begin with refreshments at 6 p. m. In September, they will sponsor a field trip to Petersburg with Ed Bearss as guide. For more information, contact Ms. Rande Young, Treasurer, P. O. Box 10072, Arlington, VA 22210, or phone (703) 358-9214. Her e-mail address is
RCWRT Monthly Speakers for 2002
Newsletter Deadlines To facilitate the printing and timely distribution of the monthly newsletter, information for it should be submitted to the editors no later than the following dates: July 19 for August;August 23 for September; September 20 for October; October 18 for November; and November 22 for December
Richmond Civil War Round Table Newsletter Art & Carol Bergeron, Editors 3901 Paces Ferry Road Chester, VA 23831-1239

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