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November 2001
Sam Craghead, President         Art & Carol Bergeron, Editors
4361F Lakefield Mews            3901 Paces Ferry Road      
Richmond, VA 23231              Chester, VA 23831-1239   

November 2001 PROGRAM

Mrs. Virginia B. Morton

"Marching Through Culpeper"

Richmond Civil War Round Table Holiday Party
Tuesday, November 13, 2001, at the
Willow Oaks Country Club
6228 Forest Hill Avenue

The Richmond Civil War Round Table annual holiday party will
be  held on Tuesday, November 13, at the Willow Oaks Country
Club at  6228  Forest  Hill  Avenue.   Our  speaker  is  Ms.
Virginia  B.   Morton  who  will  give a presentation on her
recent book Marching Through Culpeper: A Novel of  Culpeper,
Virginia, Crossroads of the Civil War.  The schedule for the
evening is as follows:                                      

6:00 p.m.  (Cocktails - Cash Bar)
6:30 p.m.  (Dinner)              
7:45 p.m.  (Business)            
8:00 p.m.  (Speaker)             

The  cost  for  dinner  is $23.00 per person and includes an
entree,  house  salad,  vegetables,  dessert,  ice  tea  and

Please  send  all  checks  payable to the Richmond Civil War
Round  Table,  c/o  Clark  H.   Lewis,  P.   O.   Box  1122,
Richmond,  Virginia  23218-1122 as soon as possible.  If you
have questions, please contact Clark Lewis  at  697-1474  or

Richmond  native Virginia Beard Morton has lived in Culpeper
for over thirty years.  The Longwood College graduate  is  a
former  teacher.  She became fascinated with Culpeper's vast
Civil  War  history  and  after  several  years  of  intense
research decided to tell Culpeper's story to the world.  She
hopes her novel, Marching Through Culpeper, now in its fifth
printing  will  promote  tourism  and  preservation  of  the
county's three  battlefields.   In  addition,  she  conducts
Civil  War Walking Tours of the historic downtown area every
first and third Saturday May through October to benefit  the
Museum of Culpeper History.  She narrates group bus tours of
the  Brandy  Station,  Cedar  Mountain,  and  Kelly's   Ford
battlefields by appointment.                                

Review of the October Program
Dr. Art Bergeron
Dr. Art Bergeron gave a talk on "Henry Heth in the Petersburg Campaign." A native of Chesterfield County, Heth graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point, where his roommate was future Union general Ambrose E. Burnside. One of Heth's closest friends in the old army was another future opponent, Winfield Scott Hancock. Heth arrived in Mexico too late to fight in that conflict. His pre-war service then consisted of duty on the frontier with some minor engagements with Indians. Heth resigned his commission when Virginia seceded from the union. After brief duty as a staff officer, Heth became colonel of a Virginia infantry regiment in western Virginia. He was promoted to brigadier general in January 1862 and commanded a brigade. In his first independent action, his force was defeated. Heth then was assigned to Major General Edmund Kirby Smith's department and participated in Smith's invasion of Kentucky during the fall of 1862. Heth and his brigade were not engaged in any of the battles of that campaign. After requesting a transfer to his native state, Heth joined the Army of Northern Virginia just prior to the Battle of Chancellorsville. He led a brigade in Major General Ambrose P. Hill's famous "Light Division" during that engagement and temporarily led the division when Hill succeeded to command of Stonewall Jackson's Second Corps. Heth's performance impressed Hill, who recommended to General Robert E. Lee that Heth be promoted and given command of a division. When Lee reorganized the army, he acted upon Hill's recommendation, and Heth received command of a new division that became a part of Hill's new Third Corps. Heth's men initiated the Battle of Gettysburg on July 1, 1863, and the general received a head wound that kept him out of action for the rest of the battle. Because Hill's Third Corps was primarily responsible for holding the Confederate trenches around Petersburg from June 1864 to April 1865, Heth and his division became a prominent part of the defense of that important city. Heth commanded in several battles of the campaign, most notably Reams' Station (August 25, 1864) and Burgess' Mill (October 27, 1864). Bergeron outlined Heth's difficulties with generals William Mahone and Cadmus M. Wilcox, who led Hill's two other divisions. The high point of Heth's activities during the campaign came at Burgess' Mill. There he helped devise an attack on Major General Winfield S. Hancock's Second Corps that almost destroyed that unit. The Confederates simply did not have enough men to exploit the success they enjoyed for most of that battle. Heth became a businessman after the war but did not enjoy success in the several occupations he had. He became an agent of the Office of Indian Affairs and did well in that post. Heth assisted in collecting documents that became a part of the Official Records. Prior to his death in Washington, D. C., in 1899, Heth wrote his memoirs, which were not published until 1974. Bergeron concluded that Heth was personally brave but frequently unlucky as a general. He lacked what historian T. Harry Williams called "will"-the ability to adjust to adverse conditions on the battlefield and turn them in his favor. During the Petersburg Campaign, Heth performed well on several battlefields and helped Lee's army prolong the campaign for nearly ten months. It was Heth's finest moment as a military commander.
Round Table Raffle The November raffle item is a framed copy of Mort Kunstler's print "Night Crossing." Tickets are $2.00 each.
Elizabeth Roller Bottimore Annual Lecture The Elizabeth Roller Bottimore Annual Lecture this year is "Johnny Reb and G. I. Joe: A Soldier-Historian's Reflections on Two Wars," by Dr. Charles P. Roland. It will be held on November 29 at 7:30 p. m., in Jepson Hall at the University of Richmond. The lecture is free to the public. Dr. Roland will reflect on his own experiences in World War II as a framework for understanding the realities of soldiering and leadership during the Civil War. Dr. Roland is emeritus professor of history at the University of Kentucky and served as an infantry captain in Europe. He is author of Albert Sidney Johnston: Soldier of Three Republics; The Confederacy; The American Iliad: The Story of the Civil War; and Reflections on Lee: A Historian's Assessment.
Civil War Show Join The Museum of the Confederacy at the annual Civil War Show at the Richmond Raceway Complex (tent) on November 17 from 9:00-5:00 and November 18 from 9:00-3:00. The show is co-sponsored with the Central Virginia Civil War Collectors Association with 400 exhibitors of the finest Civil War memorabilia in the country. David Eicher will sign copies of his work The Longest Night: A Military History of the Civil War on Saturday from 1 p. m.-3 p. m. Admission is charged. Contact the CVCWCA (formerly CVRHA) at (804) 798-6817 for more information.
An Evening with David Eicher This program will be held at the Museum of the Confederacy on Thursday, November 15, 5:30 p.m.-7:30 p.m. and is free to the public. Astronomer and Civil War historian David Eicher will discuss his most recent work, The Longest Night: A Military History of the Civil War. Tracing the engagement at Fort Sumter to Lee's surrender at Appomattox, the book addresses the military aspects of Western Theater, details of the major and lesser-known battles, strategies of military leaders and other significant issues. Eicher will sign copies of this work as well as some of his others, including Civil War Generals and R. E. Lee: A Life Portrait. Please R.S.V.P. to the Museum at 804-649-1861, extension 23.
Civil War Christmas Every Saturday during the month of December, Pamplin Historical Park & The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier will host special events celebrating various aspects of Christmas during the Civil War. "Christmas in Camp" will be held on December 1. This will be a presentation of the holiday season as the Civil War soldiers experienced it. Interactive programs are designed to entertain as well as educate. "Christmas at Home" will be held on December 8. The day will focus on homefront holiday traditions of Civil War Virginia. Tudor Hall plantation will serve as the venue for a memorable day of historical interpretation and programming. For more information, call Pamplin Historical Park at (804) 861-2408 or visit the park's Web site at:
Civil War Encounters Join the Museum of the Confederacy for a living history encounter at the Museum as costumed historians portray eyewitnesses to significant Civil War events one Saturday each month. The program for this month will occur on November 17 at 2:00 p. m. In "Prison on Belle Isle," a Confederate guard, member of the local defense unit, discusses the prison's harsh conditions in November of 1863. The program is free with museum admission.
Richmond Civil War Round Table Newsletter Art & Carol Bergeron, Editors 3901 Paces Ferry Road Chester, VA 23831-1239

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