The Companion to The Little Book On Line
for Teachers and Tutors
F. Three Branches of the Federal Government
#7. Identify the main functions of each branch of government (executive, legislative, judicial) at the national state and local levels.
Ohio Department of Education - High School Proficiency Testing Fact Sheets
In answering these questions refer to Section F of The Little Book and the Related Words list. Circle the letter of the correct answer.
FEDERAL - LEGISLATIVE
- Which of the following is NOT one of the three branches of the federal government?
A. the judicial branch
B. the legislative branch
C. the administrative branch
D. the executive branch
- One of the following statements is NOT correct. The branch of the federal government which MAKES OUR LAWS
A. meets twice a year in Philadelphia.
B. is Congress.
C. is bicameral.
D. consists of the Senate and House of Representatives.
- BICAMERAL means
A. that only two cameras are allowed.
B. two houses or chambers.
D. meeting twice a year.
- The upper house of Congress is the
B. House of Representatives.
D. Supreme Court.
- Which of the following is FALSE?
A. The chief executive of the nation is the President.
B. The President carries out the laws of the nation.
C. The President appoints a Vice-President to assist him.
D. The President is elected every four years in November.
- The word BILL when applied to legislation is
A. the administrative cost of law-making.
B. a proposed law.
C. the final revision submitted to both Houses of Congress.
D. the correct term for a law sent to the President for approval.
- A FILIBUSTER is all of the following EXCEPT:
A. a member of the riot police.
B. a way of keeping a bill from coming to a vote.
C. talking at length.
D. considered by the sponsors of the bill to be an obstruction tactic.
- One of the following statements is NOT CORRECT. Members of the LOWER HOUSE OF CONGRESS are
A. called Representatives.
B. elected by voters in their own states.
C. limited in number by the population of their respective states. This is called apportionment.
D. a total of 100 in number - two from each state.
- LEGISLATION means
C. the review and execution of laws.
D. the creation and passage of laws.
- Which of the following statements is FALSE? LOBBYISTS, MEMBERS OF PRESSURE GROUPS and POLITICAL ACTION COMMITTEES
A. all try to influence legislation.
B. often represent powerful and well-financed interests.
C. are engaged in a legal activity.
D. are elected by the voters in their districts.
- If a proposed law is REJECTED by presidential veto
A. both Houses of Congress may OVERRIDE the veto by a 2/3 majority.
B. both Houses of Congress MAY OVERRIDE the veto by a simple majority.
C. Congress may appeal to the Supreme Court to overrule the veto.
D. Congress may remove the President from office.
- A RIDER is
A. the override of a Presidential veto.
B. a provision attached to a proposed law.
C. a write-in candidate.
D. a secret service man for a Presidential motorcade.
- Which one of the following statements is WRONG? The UNITED STATES SENATE is
A. presided over by the Vice-President.
B. undergoing constant change, because its members must run for reelection every two years.
C. the upper house of Congress.
D. composed of 100 members to represent the 50 states.
FEDERAL - EXECUTIVE
- The PRESIDENT is usually addressed in a certain way. Which would be an INCORRECT way to address the President?
A. Commander in Chief
B. Chief Executive
C. Mr. President
D. by his first name
- The President presides over the EXECUTIVE BRANCH of the government. His responsibility is to see that the laws are faithfully carried out according to the provisions of the Constitution. To do this the President appoints all of the following EXCEPT:
A. the Cabinet
B. federal judges
C. the Vice-President
D. federal district attorneys
- The system of CHECKS AND BALANCES operates when the President makes an APPOINTMENT. The appointment must have the consent of the Senate. This process is called
- The President may VETO a bill he dislikes. A POCKET VETO
A. is one which went to the laundry in the President's shirt pocket.
B. is a delayed veto.
C. automatically applies to a bill which the President receives within 10 days of the end of a session of Congress and fails to sign within that period.
D. is an example of executive privilege.
FEDERAL - JUDICIAL
- Which is NOT one of the principal courts of the United States government?
A. the Supreme Court
B. the circuit courts of appeal
C. the district courts
D. the common pleas courts
- One of the following statements does NOT apply to a GRAND JURY?
A. The jurors are carefully chosen for their duties.
B. They listen to evidence about someone charged with a crime.
C. Their hearings are held in public.
D. The jurors decide whether the accused should be tried in court.
- The word INCARCERATED means
B. put in jail.
- An INDICTMENT is all of the following EXCEPT a
A. listing of the charges against a person accused of a crime.
B. formal presentation by a federal district attorney or grand jury.
C. verdict of guilty or innocent.
D. presentation which does not remove the presumption of innocence from the accused.
- An INDICTMENT means that someone has been INDICTED. Which underlined word in the following sentences does INDICTED rhyme with?
A. Good weather is PREDICTED.
B. I am DELIGHTED to see you.
C. I am ADDICTED to chocolates.
D. She was accused but not CONVICTED.
- Which of the following terms usually refers to the power of the SUPREME COURT to declare a law unconstitutional?
A. judicial review
B. judicial license
C. judicial discretion
D. judicial preference
- The WRITTEN DECISION of the Supreme Court is usually referred to as
A. a proclamation.
B. a law (or statute).
C. an opinion.
D. an edict.
- Which of the following most accurately describes the principal FUNCTION of the FEDERAL COURTS?
A. execution of the law
B. interpretation of the law
C. codification of the law
D. revision of the law
- When the district court wants a person to appear in court as a witness, the court issues a
A. writ of habeas corpus.
B. motion to show cause.
- When a person loses a case in the FEDERAL DISTRICT COURT he or she sometimes takes the case to the FEDERAL CIRCUIT COURT for review. This procedure is referred to as
A. a dissent.
B. an appeal.
C. a reversal.
D. a counter claim.
- Which of the following statements is FALSE? The JUDICIAL BRANCH of the federal government
A. is comprised of the courts of law.
B. interprets the law.
C. has the power to remove the President from office if he violates the Constitution.
D. has the power to declare a law invalid if it violates the Constitution.
- The following statements are true EXCEPT one: THE U.S. SUPREME COURT
A. is the highest court in our nation.
B. consists of nine judges.
C. has never had a woman judge.
D. hears cases having to do with the Constitution and laws of the United States.
- The following statements about the U.S. CIRCUIT COURT OF APPEALS are true EXCEPT one:
A. As authorized by the Constitution, circuit courts were established by Congress.
B. Judges of the circuit courts are appointed by the President with the approval of the Senate.
C. The circuit courts hear cases appealed from the U.S. district courts.
D. The President can remove judges at any time.
- Which of the following about FEDERAL DISTRICT COURTS is FALSE?
A. As authorized by the Constitution, Congress divided the country into many districts and established the court in each.
B. It is a trial court.
C. Judges of this court are elected by the people.
D. Most of the cases in this court have to do with the Constitution and United States laws.
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